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Takes Sunlight's CSV of the House expenditures data and adds a bioguide_id column to it, filled in for each legislator in the House.
#!/usr/bin/env ruby
filename = ARGV.first
if filename.nil? or filename == ""
puts "Provide the filename of the CSV file with disbursement details as an argument."
exit
end
begin
require 'fileutils'
require 'rubygems'
require 'fastercsv'
rescue
puts "Couldn't load FasterCSV. Try running \"sudo gem install fastercsv\" and try again."
exit
end
unless File.exists?(filename)
puts "Couldn't locate #{filename}. Place it in the same directory as this script."
exit
end
puts "Reading #{filename} for names..."
names = {}
i = 0
FasterCSV.foreach(filename) do |row|
name = row[0]
names[name] ||= 0
names[name] += 1
i += 1
puts "Read #{i} rows..." if i % 50000 == 0
end
FileUtils.rm("all-names.csv") if File.exist?("all-names.csv")
FasterCSV.open("all-names.csv", "w") do |csv|
csv << ['name', 'num_rows']
names.keys.sort.each do |key|
csv << [key, names[key]]
end
end
puts "Wrote names to all-names.csv."
#!/usr/bin/env ruby
filename = ARGV.first
if filename.nil? or filename == ""
filename = "all-names.csv"
end
begin
require 'fileutils'
require 'rubygems'
require 'sunlight'
require 'fastercsv'
rescue
puts "Couldn't load dependencies. Try running two commands and try again:\n\nsudo gem install fastercsv\nsudo gem install sunlight"
exit
end
unless File.exists?(filename)
puts "Couldn't locate #{filename}. Place it in the same directory as this script."
exit
end
@@misses = 0
@@duplicates = 0
Sunlight::Base.api_key = 'sunlight9'
def legislator_for_name(name)
options = {}
# get rid of "HON." prefix and split on spaces
name = name.gsub /^HON\.\s?/i, ''
pieces = name.split /\s+/
# might be a state in parentheses at the end
options[:state] = pieces.pop.gsub(/[\(\)]/, '') if pieces.last =~ /^\([a-zA-Z]+\)$/
# might be a suffix at the end
options[:name_suffix] = "#{pieces.pop.gsub(/\./, '')}." if pieces.last =~ /^Jr\.?$/i
options[:name_suffix] = pieces.pop if pieces.last =~ /^I+$/i
options[:lastname] = pieces.pop.gsub /,/, ''
options[:firstname] = pieces.first
results = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where options
if results.size == 1
results.first
# no result, could be either the wrong first name, or out of office
elsif results.size == 0
# try the name as a nickname first
options[:nickname] = options.delete :firstname
results = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where options
if results.size == 1
results.first
# must be out of office then?
elsif results.size == 0
options[:in_office] = 0
# reset to doing firstname first
options[:firstname] = options.delete :nickname
results = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where options
if results.size == 1
results.first
elsif results.size == 0
# try as nickname again, this time out of office
options[:nickname] = options.delete :firstname
results = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where options
if results.size == 1
results.first
# OK, we'll accept a result if it matches on last name only,
# but only if there's only one result amongst both in and out of office legislators
elsif results.size == 0
options.delete :nickname
options.delete :firstname
if legislator = unique_for(options)
legislator
else
# finally, try the combo last name
options[:lastname] = "#{pieces.pop} #{options[:lastname]}"
if legislator = unique_for(options)
legislator
else
@@misses += 1
puts "I GIVE UP. Couldn't match on options: #{options.merge(:pieces => pieces).inspect}"
end
end
elsif results.size > 0
@@duplicates += 1
puts "Duplicates for options: #{options.inspect}"
end
elsif results.size > 0
@@duplicates += 1
puts "Duplicates for options: #{options.inspect}"
end
elsif results.size > 0
@@duplicates += 1
puts "Duplicates for options: #{options.inspect}"
end
# duplicate first name and last name of in-office legislator
elsif results.size > 0
@@duplicates += 1
puts "Duplicates for options: #{options.inspect}"
end
end
# need a unique result or nothing, across both in and out of office legislators, for the given options
# this is done for last name only checks
def unique_for(options)
options[:in_office] = 1
in_results = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where options
return nil if in_results.size > 1
options[:in_office] = 0
out_results = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where options
if in_results.size == 1 and out_results.size == 0
in_results.first
elsif in_results.size == 0 and out_results.size == 1
out_results.first
else
nil
end
end
def name_for(legislator)
nickname = legislator.nickname && legislator.nickname != "" ? " \'#{legislator.nickname}\'" : ""
firstname = "#{legislator.firstname}#{nickname}"
lastname = legislator.name_suffix && legislator.name_suffix != "" ? "#{legislator.lastname} #{legislator.name_suffix}" : legislator.lastname
"#{legislator.title}. #{firstname} #{lastname}".upcase
end
puts "Trying to match up names in #{filename}..."
names = {}
FasterCSV.foreach(filename) do |row|
name = row[0]
# Members' names will always start with "HON."
if name =~ /HON\./
legislator = legislator_for_name name
if legislator
names[name] = {:bioguide_id => legislator.bioguide_id, :name_check => name_for(legislator), :in_office => legislator.in_office}
end
end
end
FileUtils.rm("bioguide_ids.csv") if File.exist? "bioguide_ids.csv"
FasterCSV.open("bioguide_ids.csv", "w") do |csv|
csv << ['bioguide_id', 'name', 'name_check', 'in_office']
names.each do |name, values|
csv << [values[:bioguide_id], name, values[:name_check], values[:in_office]]
end
end
puts ""
puts "Out of #{names.keys.size} names:"
puts "#{@@misses} attempts failed to match a legislator entirely."
puts "#{@@duplicates} attempts matched too many legislators."
puts ""
puts "Wrote names and bioguide IDs out to bioguide_ids.csv."
#!/usr/bin/env ruby
filename = ARGV.first
bioguide_filename = "bioguide_ids.csv"
if filename.nil? or filename == ""
puts "Provide the filename of the disbursements CSV file you want to add the bioguide IDs to."
exit
end
begin
require 'fileutils'
require 'rubygems'
require 'fastercsv'
rescue
puts "Couldn't load dependencies. Try running:\nsudo gem install fastercsv"
exit
end
[filename, bioguide_filename].each do |f|
unless File.exists?(f)
puts "Couldn't locate #{f}. Place it in the same directory as this script."
exit
end
end
# Read through the bioguide ID CSV and create a hash of names to bioguide_ids
legislators = {}
FasterCSV.foreach(bioguide_filename) do |row|
# key is name, value is bioguide_id
legislators[row[1]] = row[0]
end
# open up a file for writing, and in it:
# go through the expenditures CSV line by line and find the bioguide_id for each name and re-write it out
FasterCSV.open("expenditures-updated.csv", "w") do |csv|
i = 0
FasterCSV.foreach(filename) do |row|
name = row[0]
row.unshift legislators[name]
csv << row
i += 1
puts "Wrote #{i} rows..." if i % 50000 == 0
end
end
puts ""
puts "Wrote out updated expenditure report to expenditures-updated.csv."
This is a set of 3 scripts that will take the CSV that Sunlight prepares of the House expenditure reports, and attempt to match up all legislator names to bioguide IDs, for the purpose of making it easier to link expenditure reports to other information about a legislator.
= Requirements =
It requires Ruby to be installed, with the "fastercsv" and "sunlight" gems installed.
It uses the Sunlight Labs Congress API to do the name lookups, and requires the expenditures CSV to be exactly what we currently host on Socrata.
= Assumptions =
It assumes that all legislators in the CSV will have their names prepended with "HON." (with or without a space between "HON." and the rest of their name). It also assumes that no non-legislators have name fields that begin with "HON.".
It assumes that if there is a case of two identically named legislators (i.e. Mike Rogers in Q3 and Q4 of 2009), that the state will be noted in the name field in parentheses, i.e. "HON. MIKE ROGERS (MI)" and "HON. MIKE ROGERS (AL)".
= Known Mistakes =
Mary Bono Mack is mistaken for Connie Mack. There's no easy way to correct this without hardcoding Mack into the code. Make sure to correct this during step 4.
= Instructions =
1) Place the expenditures CSV in this directory. Open a terminal in this directory and run:
ruby 1_extract_names.rb [expenditures.csv]
Replace "[expenditures.csv]" with the name of the actual expenditures CSV file. Don't include the brackets.
2) This will produce a file called all-names.csv, containing a row with every unique name found in the name field of the expenditures CSV. Open it and verify that everything is correct, and that the assumptions listed in the "Assumptions" section above are met.
3) Run this command in the terminal:
ruby 2_assign_bioguide_ids.rb
As this runs, it will print out whenever it can't match a legislator to a bioguide ID, and when it's done it'll print a summary of how many legislators it failed to match.
4) This will produce a file called bioguide_ids.csv, containing a row with every legislator's name, a bioguide ID, and then two fields to help verify the work. The first (under the heading "name_check") is the full standardized name of the legislator, including their nickname, of the legislator that the script believed was the match. The second is whether or not the legislator is currently in office ("TRUE") or not in office ("FALSE").
You need to look over this file and fill in the missing bioguide IDs for rows missing them. The output of the prior script should have said how many missing bioguide IDs there are.
You should also look for mistakes, such as if the two name columns obviously don't match, and replace the bioguide IDs manually. Look in the "Known Mistakes" section above for any that you should expect to see.
5) Run this command in the terminal:
ruby 3_update_expenditures.rb [expenditures.csv]
Replace "[expenditures.csv]" with the name of the actual expenditures CSV file. Don't include the brackets.
6) This will produce a file called expenditures-updated.csv, which is a copy of the original expenditures CSV, with the bioguide ID column and data prepended to the beginning. Give it a quick look to make sure everything looks right.
== Looking up Bioguide IDs ==
If you're a developer, the easiest way to find Bioguide IDs is by using the Sunlight Labs API, using a wrapper tool, such as the "sunlight" Ruby gem.
If you're not, the easiest way is to visit http://bioguide.congress.gov and use the search feature to find the page for the legislator in question. Once there, look at the URL, it will look something like this:
http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=Y000031
In this URL, the bioguide ID is at the very end, after the equals sign: "Y000031".
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