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Google Protobuf v2.6.0 Build Script for iOS
protobuf
protobuf-2.6.0
protobuf-2.6.1
protobuf-master

Google Protobuf - Mac OS X and iOS Support

The script in this gist will help you buid the Google Protobuf library for use with Mac OS X and iOS. Other methods (such as homebrew or direct compilation) have issues that prevent their use. The libraries built by this script are universal and support all iOS device architectures including the simluator.

Get the Script

The easiest way to use this script is to simply clone the gist onto your machine using the following command:

$ git clone https://gist.github.com/9487468ae3375d0db0cc.git build-protobuf

Performing the Build

The script will automatically download the tarball from Google Code, so all you need to do is run the script. This will build the 2.6.1 version of Protobuf. The script understands a few command-line options too.

$ cd build-protobuf
$ ./build-protobuf.sh

Add --interactive to the above script if you would like the script to stop after each major operation. This makes it easier to inspect the output from the various steps for potential errors.

Add --master if you would prefer to build from the master branch in the Google Protobuf git repo.

Results

Build results are found in a folder called protobuf-{version}, where {version} will be either 2.6.1 or master. This folder contains bin, include and lib folders.

Integration with Xcode

Create a build rule in your Xcode project with the following settings.

Process *Source files with names matching:* `*.proto`
Using *Custom script:*

cd ${INPUT_FILE_DIR}
${SRCROOT}/Google/protobuf/bin/protoc --proto_path=${INPUT_FILE_DIR} ${INPUT_FILE_PATH} --cpp_out=${DERIVED_FILE_DIR}

Output Files
$(DERIVED_FILE_DIR)/$(INPUT_FILE_BASE).pb.cc
$(DERIVED_FILE_DIR)/$(INPUT_FILE_BASE).pb.h

Depending on where you choose to install the protobuf build, you will need to adjust the path to protoc.

FAQ

Can Protobuf be built using libstdc++?

Unfortunately, the protobuf C++ code is not compatible with libstdc++ at the moment. You must use libc++ instead.

Can you provide a similar script for Android?

No

Why am I gettings all the implicit conversion looses integer precision warnings?

Unfortunately, the code generated by protoc is not 64-bit clean. In practice I have not experienced any issues as a result of this. It would be better if the generated code was reworked for better 64-bit support. This may come with the 3.0 version they are working on now.

#!/bin/bash
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "# Preparing to build Google Protobuf"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
# The version of Protobuf to build. It must match
# one of the values found in the releases section of the github repo.
# It can be set to "master" when building directly from the github repo.
PROTOBUF_VERSION=2.6.1
# Set to "YES" if you would like the build script to
# pause after each major section.
INTERACTIVE=NO
# A "YES" value will build the latest code from GitHub on the master branch.
# A "NO" value will use the 2.6.1 tarball downloaded from googlecode.com.
USE_GIT_MASTER=NO
while [[ $# > 0 ]]
do
key="$1"
case $key in
-i|--interactive)
INTERACTIVE=YES
;;
-m|--master)
USE_GIT_MASTER=YES
PROTOBUF_VERSION=master
;;
*)
# unknown option
;;
esac
shift # past argument or value
done
function conditionalPause {
if [ "${INTERACTIVE}" == "YES" ]
then
while true; do
read -p "Proceed with build? (y/n) " yn
case $yn in
[Yy]* ) break;;
[Nn]* ) exit;;
* ) echo "Please answer yes or no.";;
esac
done
fi
}
# The results will be stored relative to the location
# where you stored this script, **not** relative to
# the location of the protobuf git repo.
PREFIX=`pwd`/protobuf
if [ -d ${PREFIX} ]
then
#rm -rf "${PREFIX}"
echo "noop"
fi
mkdir -p "${PREFIX}/platform"
PROTOBUF_GIT_URL=https://github.com/google/protobuf.git
PROTOBUF_GIT_DIRNAME=protobuf
PROTOBUF_RELEASE_URL=https://github.com/google/protobuf/releases/download/v${PROTOBUF_VERSION}/protobuf-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}.tar.gz
PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME=protobuf-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}
#### DO NOT DISABLE THIS, REQUIRED TO BUILD bin/protoc ####
BUILD_MACOSX_X86_64=YES
BUILD_I386_IOSSIM=NO
BUILD_X86_64_IOSSIM=YES
BUILD_IOS_ARMV7=YES
BUILD_IOS_ARMV7S=YES
BUILD_IOS_ARM64=YES
PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR=/tmp/protobuf
# 13.4.0 - Mavericks
# 14.0.0 - Yosemite
# 15.0.0 - El Capitan
DARWIN=darwin14.0.0
XCODEDIR=`xcode-select --print-path`
IOS_SDK_VERSION=`xcrun --sdk iphoneos --show-sdk-version`
MIN_SDK_VERSION=8.3
MACOSX_PLATFORM=${XCODEDIR}/Platforms/MacOSX.platform
MACOSX_SYSROOT=${MACOSX_PLATFORM}/Developer/MacOSX10.9.sdk
IPHONEOS_PLATFORM=`xcrun --sdk iphoneos --show-sdk-platform-path`
IPHONEOS_SYSROOT=`xcrun --sdk iphoneos --show-sdk-path`
IPHONESIMULATOR_PLATFORM=`xcrun --sdk iphonesimulator --show-sdk-platform-path`
IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT=`xcrun --sdk iphonesimulator --show-sdk-path`
# Uncomment if you want to see more information about each invocation
# of clang as the builds proceed.
# CLANG_VERBOSE="--verbose"
CC=clang
CXX=clang
SILENCED_WARNINGS="-Wno-unused-local-typedef -Wno-unused-function"
# NOTE: Google Protobuf does not currently build if you specify 'libstdc++'
# instead of `libc++` here.
STDLIB=libc++
#http://stackoverflow.com/questions/32622284/building-c-static-libraries-using-configure-make-with-fembed-bitcode-fails
#export MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET="10.4"
CFLAGS="${CLANG_VERBOSE} ${SILENCED_WARNINGS} -DNDEBUG -g -O0 -pipe -fPIC -fcxx-exceptions -fembed-bitcode"
CFLAGS_OSX="${CLANG_VERBOSE} ${SILENCED_WARNINGS} -DNDEBUG -g -O0 -pipe -fPIC -fcxx-exceptions"
CXXFLAGS="${CLANG_VERBOSE} ${CFLAGS} -std=c++11 -stdlib=${STDLIB}"
CXXFLAGS_OSX="${CLANG_VERBOSE} ${CFLAGS_OSX} -std=c++11 -stdlib=${STDLIB}"
LDFLAGS="-stdlib=${STDLIB}"
LIBS="-lc++ -lc++abi"
echo "PREFIX ..................... ${PREFIX}"
echo "USE_GIT_MASTER ............. ${USE_GIT_MASTER}"
echo "PROTOBUF_GIT_URL ........... ${PROTOBUF_GIT_URL}"
echo "PROTOBUF_GIT_DIRNAME ....... ${PROTOBUF_GIT_DIRNAME}"
echo "PROTOBUF_VERSION ........... ${PROTOBUF_VERSION}"
echo "PROTOBUF_RELEASE_URL ....... ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_URL}"
echo "PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME ... ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME}"
echo "BUILD_MACOSX_X86_64 ........ ${BUILD_MACOSX_X86_64}"
echo "BUILD_I386_IOSSIM .......... ${BUILD_I386_IOSSIM}"
echo "BUILD_X86_64_IOSSIM ........ ${BUILD_X86_64_IOSSIM}"
echo "BUILD_IOS_ARMV7 ............ ${BUILD_IOS_ARMV7}"
echo "BUILD_IOS_ARMV7S ........... ${BUILD_IOS_ARMV7S}"
echo "BUILD_IOS_ARM64 ............ ${BUILD_IOS_ARM64}"
echo "PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR ........... ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}"
echo "DARWIN ..................... ${DARWIN}"
echo "XCODEDIR ................... ${XCODEDIR}"
echo "IOS_SDK_VERSION ............ ${IOS_SDK_VERSION}"
echo "MIN_SDK_VERSION ............ ${MIN_SDK_VERSION}"
echo "MACOSX_PLATFORM ............ ${MACOSX_PLATFORM}"
echo "MACOSX_SYSROOT ............. ${MACOSX_SYSROOT}"
echo "IPHONEOS_PLATFORM .......... ${IPHONEOS_PLATFORM}"
echo "IPHONEOS_SYSROOT ........... ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}"
echo "IPHONESIMULATOR_PLATFORM ... ${IPHONESIMULATOR_PLATFORM}"
echo "IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT .... ${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}"
echo "CC ......................... ${CC}"
echo "CFLAGS ..................... ${CFLAGS}"
echo "CXX ........................ ${CXX}"
echo "CXXFLAGS ................... ${CXXFLAGS}"
echo "LDFLAGS .................... ${LDFLAGS}"
echo "LIBS ....................... ${LIBS}"
conditionalPause
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "# Fetch Google Protobuf"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
(
if [ -d ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR} ]
then
rm -rf ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
fi
cd `dirname ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}`
if [ "${USE_GIT_MASTER}" == "YES" ]
then
git clone ${PROTOBUF_GIT_URL}
else
if [ -d ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME} ]
then
rm -rf "${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME}"
fi
curl --location ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_URL} --output ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME}.tar.gz
tar xvf ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME}.tar.gz
mv "${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME}" "${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}"
rm ${PROTOBUF_RELEASE_DIRNAME}.tar.gz
# Remove the version of Google Test included with the release.
# We will replace it with version 1.7.0 in a later step.
if [ -d "${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}/gtest" ]
then
rm -r "${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}/gtest"
fi
fi
)
conditionalPause
if [ "${PROTOBUF_VERSION}" == "master" ]
then
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "# Run autogen.sh to prepare for build."
echo "###################################################################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
(
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
( exec ./autogen.sh )
)
else
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "# Fetch Google Test & Prepare the Configure Script"
echo "# (note: This section is lifted from autogen.sh)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
(
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
# Check that we are being run from the right directory.
if test ! -f src/google/protobuf/stubs/common.h
then
cat >&2 << __EOF__
Could not find source code. Make sure you are running this script from the
root of the distribution tree.
__EOF__
exit 1
fi
# Check that gtest is present. Older versions of protobuf were stored in SVN
# and the gtest directory was setup as an SVN external. Now, protobuf is
# stored in GitHub and the gtest directory is not included. The commands
# below will grab the latest version of gtest. Currently that is 1.7.0.
if test ! -e gtest
then
echo "Google Test not present. Fetching gtest-1.7.0 from the web..."
curl --location https://github.com/google/googletest/archive/release-1.7.0.tar.gz --output gtest-1.7.0.tar.gz
tar xvf gtest-1.7.0.tar.gz
rm gtest-1.7.0.tar.gz
mv googletest-release-1.7.0 gtest
fi
autoreconf -f -i -Wall,no-obsolete
rm -rf autom4te.cache config.h.in~
)
fi
conditionalPause
###################################################################
# This section contains the build commands to create the native
# protobuf library for Mac OS X. This is done first so we have
# a copy of the protoc compiler. It will be used in all of the
# susequent iOS builds.
###################################################################
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "# x86_64 for Mac OS X"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
if [ "${BUILD_MACOSX_X86_64}" == "YES" ]
then
(
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
make distclean
./configure --disable-shared --prefix=${PREFIX} --exec-prefix=${PREFIX}/platform/x86_64-mac "CC=${CC}" "CFLAGS=${CFLAGS_OSX} -arch x86_64" "CXX=${CXX}" "CXXFLAGS=${CXXFLAGS_OSX} -arch x86_64" "LDFLAGS=${LDFLAGS}" "LIBS=${LIBS}"
make 1> /tmp/x86_64.log 2> /tmp/x86_64.err
make -j 2 check
make install
)
fi
PROTOC=${PREFIX}/platform/x86_64-mac/bin/protoc
conditionalPause
###################################################################
# This section contains the build commands for each of the
# architectures that will be included in the universal binaries.
###################################################################
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###########################"
echo "# i386 for iPhone Simulator"
echo "###########################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
if [ "${BUILD_I386_IOSSIM}" == "YES" ]
then
(
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
make distclean
./configure --build=x86_64-apple-${DARWIN} --host=i386-apple-${DARWIN} --with-protoc=${PROTOC} --disable-shared --prefix=${PREFIX} --exec-prefix=${PREFIX}/platform/i386-sim "CC=${CC}" "CFLAGS=${CFLAGS} -mios-simulator-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch i386 -isysroot ${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}" "CXX=${CXX}" "CXXFLAGS=${CXXFLAGS} -mios-simulator-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch i386 -isysroot ${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}" LDFLAGS="-arch i386 -mios-simulator-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} ${LDFLAGS} -L${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}/usr/lib/ -L${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}/usr/lib/system" "LIBS=${LIBS}"
make -j 2 1> /tmp/x86.log 2> /tmp/x86.err
make install
)
fi
conditionalPause
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "#############################"
echo "# x86_64 for iPhone Simulator"
echo "#############################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
if [ "${BUILD_X86_64_IOSSIM}" == "YES" ]
then
(
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
make distclean
./configure --build=x86_64-apple-${DARWIN} --host=x86_64-apple-${DARWIN} --with-protoc=${PROTOC} --disable-shared --prefix=${PREFIX} --exec-prefix=${PREFIX}/platform/x86_64-sim "CC=${CC}" "CFLAGS=${CFLAGS_OSX} -mios-simulator-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch x86_64 -isysroot ${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}" "CXX=${CXX}" "CXXFLAGS=${CXXFLAGS_OSX} -mios-simulator-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch x86_64 -isysroot ${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}" LDFLAGS="-arch x86_64 -mios-simulator-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} ${LDFLAGS} -L${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}/usr/lib/ -L${IPHONESIMULATOR_SYSROOT}/usr/lib/system" "LIBS=${LIBS}"
make -j 2 1> /tmp/x86_64_sim.log 2> /tmp/x86_64_sim.err
make install
)
fi
conditionalPause
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "##################"
echo "# armv7 for iPhone"
echo "##################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
if [ "${BUILD_IOS_ARMV7}" == "YES" ]
then
(
export MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET="10.4"
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
make distclean
./configure --build=x86_64-apple-${DARWIN} --host=armv7-apple-${DARWIN} --with-protoc=${PROTOC} --disable-shared --prefix=${PREFIX} --exec-prefix=${PREFIX}/platform/armv7-ios "CC=${CC}" "CFLAGS=${CFLAGS} -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch armv7 -isysroot ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}" "CXX=${CXX}" "CXXFLAGS=${CXXFLAGS} -arch armv7 -isysroot ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}" LDFLAGS="-arch armv7 -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} ${LDFLAGS}" "LIBS=${LIBS}"
make -j 2 1> /tmp/arm7.log 2> /tmp/arm7.err
make install
unset MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET
)
fi
conditionalPause
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################"
echo "# armv7s for iPhone"
echo "###################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
if [ "${BUILD_IOS_ARMV7S}" == "YES" ]
then
(
export MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET="10.4"
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
make distclean
./configure --build=x86_64-apple-${DARWIN} --host=armv7s-apple-${DARWIN} --with-protoc=${PROTOC} --disable-shared --prefix=${PREFIX} --exec-prefix=${PREFIX}/platform/armv7s-ios "CC=${CC}" "CFLAGS=${CFLAGS} -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch armv7s -isysroot ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}" "CXX=${CXX}" "CXXFLAGS=${CXXFLAGS} -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch armv7s -isysroot ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}" LDFLAGS="-arch armv7s -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} ${LDFLAGS}" "LIBS=${LIBS}"
make -j 2 1> /tmp/arm7s.log 2> /tmp/arm7s.err
make install
unset MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET
)
fi
conditionalPause
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "##################"
echo "# arm64 for iPhone"
echo "##################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
if [ "${BUILD_IOS_ARM64}" == "YES" ]
then
(
export MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET="10.4"
cd ${PROTOBUF_SRC_DIR}
make distclean
./configure --build=x86_64-apple-${DARWIN} --host=arm --with-protoc=${PROTOC} --disable-shared --prefix=${PREFIX} --exec-prefix=${PREFIX}/platform/arm64-ios "CC=${CC}" "CFLAGS=${CFLAGS} -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch arm64 -isysroot ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}" "CXX=${CXX}" "CXXFLAGS=${CXXFLAGS} -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} -arch arm64 -isysroot ${IPHONEOS_SYSROOT}" LDFLAGS="-arch arm64 -miphoneos-version-min=${MIN_SDK_VERSION} ${LDFLAGS}" "LIBS=${LIBS}"
make -j 2 1> /tmp/arm64.log 2> /tmp/arm64.err
make install
unset MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET
)
fi
conditionalPause
echo "$(tput setaf 2)"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "# Create Universal Libraries and Finalize the packaging"
echo "###################################################################"
echo "$(tput sgr0)"
(
cd ${PREFIX}/platform
mkdir universal
for i in `ls x86_64-mac/lib/*.a`
do
i=`basename $i`
lipo -create *sim/lib/$i *ios/lib/$i -output universal/$i
done
)
(
cd ${PREFIX}
mkdir bin
mkdir lib
cp -r platform/x86_64-mac/bin/protoc bin
cp -r platform/x86_64-mac/lib/* lib
cp -r platform/universal/* lib
#rm -rf platform
lipo -info lib/libprotobuf.a
lipo -info lib/libprotobuf-lite.a
)
if [ "${USE_GIT_MASTER}" == "YES" ]
then
if [ -d "${PREFIX}-master" ]
then
rm -rf "${PREFIX}-master"
fi
mv "${PREFIX}" "${PREFIX}-master"
else
if [ -d "${PREFIX}-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}" ]
then
rm -rf "${PREFIX}-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}"
fi
mv "${PREFIX}" "${PREFIX}-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}"
fi
echo Done!
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