Port Forwarding in Mavericks
Since Mavericks stopped using the deprecated
ipfw (as of Mountain Lion), we'll be using
pf to allow port forwarding.
####1. anchor file
Create an anchor file under
/etc/pf.anchors/<anchor file> with your redirection rule like:
rdr pass on lo0 inet proto tcp from any to 127.0.0.2 port 80 -> 127.0.0.1 port 40070
####2. Test the anchor file Parse and test your anchor file to make sure there are no errors:
sudo pfctl -vnf <anchor file>
####3. Reference the anchor in pf.conf
/etc/pf.conf is the main configuration file that
pf loads at boot.
We'll need to load the anchor file we previously created:
rdr-anchor "forwarding" load anchor "forwarding" from "/etc/pf.anchors/<anchor file>"
Make sure to add these entries to the appropriate spot.
####4. Load and enabling pf
pf is not enabled by default in Mavericks, few ways to enable this:
Manually load and enable from a pf.conf file via
sudo pfctl -ef <pf.conf file>
Auto enable by creating a launch daemon via this doc to run
pfctl -ef <pf.conf file>on boot.
Auto enable by adding an
-e(enable) to the
<key>ProgramArguments</key> <array> <string>pfctl</string> <string>-e</string> <string>-f</string> <string>/etc/pf.conf</string> </array>
####5. Forwarding across interfaces
pf does not forward between interfaces. Here's a snippet from man for
pfctl with help from 2sidedfigure:
The packet filter does not itself forward packets between interfaces. Forwarding can be enabled by setting the sysctl(8) variables net.inet.ip.forwarding and/or net.inet6.ip6.forwarding to 1. Set them permanently in sysctl.conf(5).
We'll need to enable this by adding to
There is the possibility that
pf.conf will be overriden with updates to the OS. It might be best to create your own pf config file and load them in additon to the main
pf.conf to prevent this.