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Vanilla JS vs jQuery

Moving from jQuery

Events

// jQuery
$(document).ready(function() {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() {
  // code
})
// jQuery
$('a').click(function() {
  // code…
})

// Vanilla
[].forEach.call(document.querySelectorAll('a'), function(el) {
  el.addEventListener('click', function() {
    // code…
  })
})

Selectors

// jQuery
var divs = $('div')

// Vanilla
var divs = document.querySelectorAll('div')
// jQuery
var newDiv = $('<div/>')

// Vanilla
var newDiv = document.createElement('div')

Attributes

// jQuery
$('img').filter(':first').attr('alt', 'My image')

// Vanilla
document.querySelector('img').setAttribute('alt', 'My image')

Classes

// jQuery
newDiv.addClass('foo')

// Vanilla
newDiv.classList.add('foo')
// jQuery
newDiv.toggleClass('foo')

// Vanilla
newDiv.classList.toggle('foo')

Manipulation

// jQuery
$('body').append($('<p/>'))

// Vanilla
document.body.appendChild(document.createElement('p'))
// jQuery
var clonedElement = $('#about').clone()

// Vanilla
var clonedElement = document.getElementById('about').cloneNode(true)
// jQuery
$('#wrap').empty()

// Vanilla
var wrap = document.getElementById('wrap')
while(wrap.firstChild) wrap.removeChild(wrap.firstChild)

Transversing

// jQuery
var parent = $('#about').parent()

// Vanilla
var parent = document.getElementById('about').parentNode
// jQuery
if($('#wrap').is(':empty'))

// Vanilla
if(!document.getElementById('wrap').hasChildNodes())
// jQuery
var nextElement = $('#wrap').next()

// Vanilla
var nextElement = document.getElementById('wrap').nextSibling

AJAX

GET

// jQuery
$.get('//example.com', function (data) {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
var httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest()
httpRequest.onreadystatechange = function (data) {
  // code
}
httpRequest.open('GET', url)
httpRequest.send()

POST

// jQuery
$.post('//example.com', { username: username }, function (data) {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
var httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest()
httpRequest.onreadystatechange = function (data) {
  // code
}
httpRequest.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded')
httpRequest.open('POST', url)
httpRequest.send('username=' + encodeURIComponent(username))

JSONP

// jQuery
$.getJSON('//openexchangerates.org/latest.json?callback=?', function (data) {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
function success(data) {
  // code
}
var scr = document.createElement('script')
scr.src = '//openexchangerates.org/latest.json?callback=formatCurrency'
document.body.appendChild(scr)
@nico3333fr
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Interesting :)

Would it be possible to have the browser support of all Vanilla JS scripts ?

@sbussard
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This is awesome, thank you!

@son0fhobs
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@porjolovsky beautifully put.

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ghost commented Aug 19, 2015

@afzaal-ahmad-zeeshan lmao you can tell you're a jQuery newbie! Vanilla stands for pure in a sense, not completely but that's the jist. Also I'd like to mention that [].forEach.call is slower than doing

var len = this.length;
while(len--)
    //code here

test to provide truthiness is here https://jsperf.com/for-vs-foreach/348 revision #348 provided by myself.

@brunowego
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Really useful, thanks!

@artemtr
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artemtr commented Mar 22, 2016

thanks man)) very useful)

@Taymindis
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why am i getting this error document.querySelectorAll('div:not(div div)'); ?

but jquery is working fine $('div:not(div div)');

@Elyoukey
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i think some selectors are not browser natives, and there is a jquery processing going on top of the default queryselector.

@hribeirosantana
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JavaScript reads almost like english, it is beautiful, I love it. The other one, although shorter sometimes, feels annoying and ugly to understand.

@WebTerminator
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Amazing, I am building my first project in vanilla JS. This is really helpful. Thank you

@holic158
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holic158 commented Sep 3, 2017

Thanks. Really.

@SassanKermani
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vanilla js for life

@Ya-Za
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Ya-Za commented Aug 4, 2018

Good job :-)
Instead of:

// Vanilla
[].forEach.call(document.querySelectorAll('a'), function(el) {
  el.addEventListener('click', function() {
    // code…
  })
})

You can write:

// Vanilla
document.querySelectorAll('a').forEach(el => {
  el.addEventListener('click', function() {
    // code…
  });
});

@Ya-Za
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Ya-Za commented Aug 4, 2018

Instead of:

// jQuery
$('img').filter(':first').attr('alt', 'My image')

You can write:

// jQuery
$('img:first').attr('alt', 'My image')

or:

// jQuery
$('img').first().attr('alt', 'My image')

or more general:

// jQuery
$('img').eq(0).attr('alt', 'My image')

@Ya-Za
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Ya-Za commented Aug 4, 2018

Instead of:

// Vanilla
document.body.appendChild(document.createElement('p'))

You can write:

// Vanilla
document.body.append(document.createElement('p'))

@Ya-Za
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Ya-Za commented Aug 4, 2018

Instead of:

// Vanilla
var wrap = document.getElementById('wrap')
while(wrap.firstChild) wrap.removeChild(wrap.firstChild)

You can write:

// Vanilla
document.getElementById('wrap').innerHTML = '';

@Ya-Za
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Ya-Za commented Aug 4, 2018

Instead of:

// Vanilla
var httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest()

You can write!

// Vanilla
const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest()

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