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<div class="document" id="how-to-use-rst2pdf">
<h1 class="title">How to use rst2pdf</h1>
<table class="docinfo" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="docinfo-name" />
<col class="docinfo-content" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><th class="docinfo-name">Author:</th>
<td>Roberto Alsina &lt;<a class="reference external" href="mailto:ralsina&#64;netmanagers.com.ar">ralsina&#64;netmanagers.com.ar</a>&gt;</td></tr>
<tr><th class="docinfo-name">Version:</th>
<td>0.93</td></tr>
<tr><th class="docinfo-name">Revision:</th>
<td>$LastChangedRevision$</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<div class="contents topic" id="contents">
<p class="topic-title first">Contents</p>
<ul class="auto-toc simple">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#introduction" id="id8">1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Introduction</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#command-line-options" id="id9">2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Command line options</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#configuration-file" id="id10">3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Configuration File</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#pipe-usage" id="id11">4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Pipe usage</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#headers-and-footers" id="id12">5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Headers and Footers</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#footnotes" id="id13">6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Footnotes</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#images" id="id14">7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Images</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#inline" id="id15">7.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Inline</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#supported-image-types" id="id16">7.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Supported Image Types</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#image-size" id="id17">7.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Image Size</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#styles" id="id18">8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Styles</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#included-stylesheets" id="id19">8.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Included StyleSheets</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#stylesheet-syntax" id="id20">8.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;StyleSheet Syntax</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#font-alias" id="id21">8.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Font Alias</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#style-definition" id="id22">8.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Style Definition</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#widows-and-orphans" id="id23">8.5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Widows and Orphans</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#font-embedding" id="id24">8.6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Font Embedding</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-easy-way" id="id25">8.6.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Easy Way</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#fonty-is-a-true-type-font" id="id26">8.6.1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Fonty is a True Type font:</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#fonty-is-a-type-1-font" id="id27">8.6.1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Fonty is a Type 1 font:</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-harder-way-true-type" id="id28">8.6.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Harder Way (True Type)</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-harder-way-type1" id="id29">8.6.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Harder Way (Type1)</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#page-size-and-margins" id="id30">8.7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Size and Margins</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#advanced-table-styles" id="id31">8.8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Advanced: table styles</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#multiple-stylesheets" id="id32">8.9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Multiple Stylesheets</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#styling-your-document" id="id33">8.10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Styling Your Document</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-base-styles" id="id34">8.10.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Base Styles</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#lists" id="id35">8.10.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Lists</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#syntax-highlighting" id="id36">9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Syntax Highlighting</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#file-inclusion" id="id37">9.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;File inclusion</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#include-with-boundaries" id="id38">9.1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Include with Boundaries</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#options" id="id39">9.1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Options</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#raw-directive" id="id40">10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Raw Directive</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#raw-pdf" id="id41">10.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Raw PDF</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#page-counters" id="id42">10.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Counters</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#page-breaks" id="id43">10.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Breaks</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#frame-breaks" id="id44">10.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Frame Breaks</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#page-transitions" id="id45">10.5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Transitions</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#text-annotations" id="id46">10.6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Text Annotations</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#raw-html" id="id47">10.7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Raw HTML</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-counter-role" id="id48">11&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The counter role</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-oddeven-directive" id="id49">12&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The oddeven directive</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#mathematics" id="id50">13&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Mathematics</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#hyphenation" id="id51">14&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Hyphenation</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#page-layout" id="id52">15&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Layout</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#smart-quotes" id="id53">16&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Smart Quotes</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#kerning" id="id54">17&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Kerning</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#sphinx" id="id55">18&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Sphinx</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#extensions" id="id56">19&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Extensions</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#preprocess-e-preprocess" id="id57">19.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Preprocess (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-e</span> preprocess</tt>)</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#inkscape-e-inkscape" id="id58">19.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Inkscape (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-e</span> inkscape</tt>)</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#dotted-toc-e-dotted-toc" id="id59">19.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Dotted_TOC (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-e</span> dotted_toc</tt>)</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#history" id="id60">19.3.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;History:</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#developers" id="id61">20&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Developers</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#guidelines" id="id62">20.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Guidelines</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#continuous-integration" id="id63">20.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Continuous Integration</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#running-tests" id="id64">20.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Running tests</a><ul class="auto-toc">
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#first-run" id="id65">20.3.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;First run</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#next-runs" id="id66">20.3.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Next runs</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-autotest-directly" id="id67">20.3.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Using autotest directly</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#running-a-single-test" id="id68">20.3.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Running a single test</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#skipping-tests" id="id69">20.3.5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Skipping tests</a></li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#marking-a-failing-test-as-good" id="id70">20.3.6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Marking a failing test as good</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#getting-commit-rights" id="id71">20.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Getting commit rights</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference internal" href="#licenses" id="id72">21&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Licenses</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="introduction">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id8">1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Introduction</a></h1>
<p>This document explains how to use rst2pdf. Here is the very short version:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf.py mydocument.txt -o mydocument.pdf
</pre>
<p>That will, as long as mydocument.txt is a valid Restructured Text (ReST)
document, produce a file called mydocument.pdf which is a PDF
version of your document.</p>
<p>Of course, that means you just used default styles and settings. If it
looks good enough for you, then you may stop reading this document,
because you are done with it. If you are reading this in a PDF,
it was generated using those default settings.</p>
<p>However, if you want to customize the output, or are just curious to see
what can be done, let's continue.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="command-line-options">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id9">2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Command line options</a></h1>
<table class="docutils option-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="option" />
<col class="description" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">-h</span>, <span class="option">--help</span></kbd></td>
<td>Show this help message and exit</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">--config=<var>FILE</var></span></kbd></td>
<td>Config file to use. Default=~/.rst2pdf/config</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">-o <var>FILE</var></span>, <span class="option">--output=<var>FILE</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Write the PDF to FILE</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">-s <var>STYLESHEETS</var></span>, <span class="option">--stylesheets=<var>STYLESHEETS</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>A comma-separated list of custom stylesheets.
Default=&quot;&quot;</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--stylesheet-path=<var>FOLDERLIST</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>A colon-separated list of folders to search for
stylesheets. Default=&quot;&quot;</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">-c</span>, <span class="option">--compressed</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Create a compressed PDF. Default=False</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--print-stylesheet</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Print the default stylesheet and exit</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--font-folder=<var>FOLDER</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Search this folder for fonts. (Deprecated)</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--font-path=<var>FOLDERLIST</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>A colon-separated list of folders to search for fonts.
Default=&quot;&quot;</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">--baseurl=<var>URL</var></span></kbd></td>
<td>The base URL for relative URLs.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">-l <var>LANG</var></span>, <span class="option">--language=<var>LANG</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Language to be used for hyphenation and docutils localization.
Default=None</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--header=<var>HEADER</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Page header if not specified in the document.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--footer=<var>FOOTER</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Page footer if not specified in the document.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--section-header-depth=<var>N</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Sections up to this dept will be used in the header
and footer's replacement of ###Section###. Default=2</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--smart-quotes=<var>VALUE</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Try to convert ASCII quotes, ellipsis and dashes to
the typographically correct equivalent. Default=0</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>The possible values are:</p>
<ol class="arabic simple" start="0">
<li>Suppress all transformations. (Do nothing.)</li>
<li>Performs default SmartyPants transformations: quotes (including backticks-style), em-dashes, and ellipses. &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) is used to signify an em-dash; there is no support for en-dashes.</li>
<li>Same as --smart-quotes=1, except that it uses the old-school typewriter shorthand for dashes: &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) for en-dashes, &quot;---&quot; (dash dash dash) for em-dashes.</li>
<li>Same as --smart-quotes=2, but inverts the shorthand for dashes: &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) for em-dashes, and &quot;---&quot; (dash dash dash) for en-dashes.</li>
</ol>
<table class="docutils option-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="option" />
<col class="description" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--fit-literal-mode=<var>MODE</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>What to do when a literal is too wide.
One of error,overflow,shrink,truncate.
Default=&quot;shrink&quot;</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--fit-background-mode=<var>MODE</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>How to fit the background image to the page. One of
scale or center. Default=&quot;center&quot;</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">--inline-links</span></kbd></td>
<td>Shows target between parenthesis instead of active link</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--repeat-table-rows</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Repeats header row for each splitted table</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">--raw-html</span></kbd></td>
<td>Support embeddig raw HTML. Default: False</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">-q</span>, <span class="option">--quiet</span></kbd></td>
<td>Print less information.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">-v</span>, <span class="option">--verbose</span></kbd></td>
<td>Print debug information.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">--very-verbose</span></kbd></td>
<td>Print even more debug information.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">--version</span></kbd></td>
<td>Print version number and exit.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--no-footnote-backlinks</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Disable footnote backlinks. Default: False</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--inline-footnotes</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Show footnotes inline. Default: True</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--default-dpi=<var>NUMBER</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>DPI for objects sized in pixels. Default=300</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--show-frame-boundary</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Show frame borders (only useful for debugging).
Default=False</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--disable-splittables</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Don't use splittable flowables in some elements. Only
try this if you can't process a document any other
way.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">-b <var>LEVEL</var></span>, <span class="option">--break-level=<var>LEVEL</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Maximum section level that starts in a new page. Default: 0</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>--first-page-on-right When using double sided pages, the first page will start</dt>
<dd>on the right hand side. (Book Style)</dd>
</dl>
<table class="docutils option-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="option" />
<col class="description" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--blank-first-page</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Add a blank page at the beginning of the document.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--break-side=<var>VALUE</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>How section breaks work. Can be &quot;even&quot;, and sections
start in an even page,&quot;odd&quot;, and sections start in odd
pages, or &quot;any&quot; and sections start in the next page,be
it even or odd. See also the -b option.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--date-invariant</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Don't store the current date in the PDF. Useful mainly
for the test suite, where we don't want the PDFs to
change.</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group">
<kbd><span class="option">-e <var>EXTENSIONS</var></span></kbd></td>
<td>Alias for --extension-module</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--extension-module=<var>EXTENSIONS</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Add a helper extension module to this invocation of
rst2pdf (module must end in .py and be on the python
path)</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--custom-cover=<var>FILE</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Template file used for the cover page. Default:
cover.tmpl</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--use-floating-images</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Makes images with :aling: attribute work more like in
rst2html. Default: False</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--use-numbered-links</span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>When using numbered sections, adds the numbers to all
links referring to the section headers. Default: False</td></tr>
<tr><td class="option-group" colspan="2">
<kbd><span class="option">--strip-elements-with-class=<var>CLASS</var></span></kbd></td>
</tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td>Remove elements with this CLASS from the output. Can
be used multiple times.</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configuration-file">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id10">3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Configuration File</a></h1>
<p>Since version 0.8, rst2pdf will read (if it is available) configuration files in
<tt class="docutils literal">/etc/rst2pdf.conf</tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">~/.rst2pdf/config</span></tt>.</p>
<p>The user's file at <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">~/.rst2pdf/config</span></tt> will have priority over the system's at
<tt class="docutils literal">/etc/rst2pdf.conf</tt> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id2" id="id1">[1]</a></p>
<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id2" rules="none">
<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id1">[1]</a></td><td>The <tt class="docutils literal">/etc/rst2pdf.conf</tt> location makes sense for Linux and linux-like systems.
if you are using rst2pdf in other systems, please contact me and tell me where
the system-wide config file should be.</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>Here's an example file showing some of the currently available options:</p>
<pre class="code ini literal-block">
<span class="pygments-c1"># This is an example config file. Modify and place in ~/.rst2pdf/config</span>
<span class="pygments-k">[general]</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># A comma-separated list of custom stylesheets. Example:</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># stylesheets=&quot;fruity.json,a4paper.json,verasans.json&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-na">stylesheets</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Create a compressed PDF</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Use true/false (lower case) or 1/0</span>
<span class="pygments-na">compressed</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">false</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># A colon-separated list of folders to search for fonts. Example:</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># font_path=&quot;/usr/share/fonts:/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-na">font_path</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># A colon-separated list of folders to search for stylesheets. Example:</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># stylesheet_path=&quot;~/styles:/usr/share/styles&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-na">stylesheet_path</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Language to be used for hyphenation support</span>
<span class="pygments-na">language</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;en_US&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Default page header and footer</span>
<span class="pygments-na">header</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">null</span>
<span class="pygments-na">footer</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">null</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># What to do if a literal block is too large. Can be</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># shrink/truncate/overflow</span>
<span class="pygments-na">fit_mode</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;shrink&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># How to adjust the background image to the page.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Can be: &quot;scale&quot; and &quot;center&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-na">fit_background_mode</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;center&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># What is the maximum level of heading that starts in a new page.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># 0 means no level starts in a new page.</span>
<span class="pygments-na">break_level</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">0</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># How section breaks work. Can be &quot;even&quot;, and sections start in an </span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># even page, &quot;odd&quot;, and sections start in odd pages, or &quot;any&quot; and </span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># sections start in the next page, be it even or odd.</span>
<span class="pygments-na">break_side</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">&quot;any&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Add a blank page at the beginning of the document</span>
<span class="pygments-na">blank_first_page</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">false</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Treat the first page as even (default false, treat it as odd)</span>
<span class="pygments-na">first_page_even</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">false</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Smart quotes.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># 0: Suppress all transformations. (Do nothing.)</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># 1: Performs default SmartyPants transformations: quotes (including ‘‘backticks''</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># -style), em-dashes, and ellipses. &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) is used to signify an em-dash;</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># there is no support for en-dashes.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># 2: Same as 1, except that it uses the old-school typewriter shorthand for</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># dashes: &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) for en-dashes, &quot;---&quot; (dash dash dash) for em-dashes.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># 3: Same as 2, but inverts the shorthand for dashes: &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) for</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># em-dashes, and &quot;---&quot; (dash dash dash) for en-dashes.</span>
<span class="pygments-na">smartquotes</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">0</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Footnote backlinks enabled or not (default: enabled)</span>
<span class="pygments-na">footnote_backlinks</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">true</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Show footnotes inline instead of at the end of the document</span>
<span class="pygments-na">inline_footnotes</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s">false</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Cover page template.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># It will be searched in the document's folder, in ~/.rst2pdf/templates and </span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># in the templates subfolder of the package folder</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># custom_cover = cover.tmpl </span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Use floating images.</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Makes the behaviour of images with the :align: attribute more like rst2html's</span>
<span class="pygments-na">floating_images</span> <span class="pygments-o">=</span> <span class="pygments-s">false</span>
<span class="pygments-c1"># Support the ..raw:: html directive</span>
<span class="pygments-na">raw_html</span> <span class="pygments-o">=</span> <span class="pygments-s">false</span>
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="pipe-usage">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id11">4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Pipe usage</a></h1>
<p>If no input nor output are provided, stdin and stdout will be used respectively</p>
<p>You may want to use rst2pdf in a linux pipe as such:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
cat readme.txt | rst2pdf | gzip -c &gt; readme.pdf.gz
</pre>
<p>or:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
curl http://docutils.sourceforge.net/docs/user/rst/quickstart.txt | rst2pdf &gt; quickstart.pdf
</pre>
<p>If no input argument is provided, stdin will be used:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
cat readme.txt | rst2pdf -o readme.pdf
</pre>
<p>If output is set to dash '-', output goes to stdout:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf -o - readme.txt &gt; output.pdf
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="headers-and-footers">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id12">5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Headers and Footers</a></h1>
<p>ReST supports headers and footers, using the header and footer directive:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. header::
This will be at the top of every page.
</pre>
<p>Often, you may want to put a page number there, or a section name.The following
magic tokens will be replaced (More may be added as rst2pdf evolves):</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>###Page###</dt>
<dd>Replaced by the current page number.</dd>
<dt>###Title###</dt>
<dd>Replaced by the document title</dd>
<dt>###Section###</dt>
<dd>Replaced by the current section title</dd>
<dt>###SectNum###</dt>
<dd>Replaced by the current section number. <strong>Important:</strong> You must use the sectnum directive for this to work.</dd>
<dt>###Total###</dt>
<dd>Replaced by the total number of pages in the document. Keep in mind that this is the <strong>real</strong> number of pages, not the displayed number, so if you play with <a class="reference internal" href="#page-counters">page counters</a> this number will probably be wrong.</dd>
</dl>
<p>Headers and footers are visible by default but they can be disabled by specific
<a class="reference internal" href="#page-templates">Page Templates</a> for example, cover pages. You can also set headers and footers
via <cite>command line options</cite> or the <a class="reference internal" href="#configuration-file">configuration file</a>.</p>
<p>If you want to do things like &quot;put the page number on the <em>out</em> side of the page, check <a class="reference internal" href="#the-oddeven-directive">The oddeven directive</a></p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="footnotes">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id13">6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Footnotes</a></h1>
<p>Currently rst2pdf doesn't support real footnotes, and converts them to endnotes.
There is a real complicated technical reason for this: I can't figure out a
clean way to do it right.</p>
<p>You can get the same behaviour as with rst2html by specifying --inline-footnotes,
and then the footnotes will appear where you put them (in other words, not footnotes,
but &quot;in-the-middle-of-text-notes&quot; or just plain notes.)</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="images">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id14">7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Images</a></h1>
<div class="section" id="inline">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id15">7.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Inline</a></h2>
<p>You can insert images in the middle of your text like this:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
This |biohazard| means you have to run.
.. |biohazard| image:: ../rst2pdf/tests/input/images/biohazard.png
</pre>
<p>This <img alt="biohazard" src="../rst2pdf/tests/input/images/biohazard.png" /> means you have to run.</p>
<p>This only works correctly with reportlab 2.2 or later.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="supported-image-types">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id16">7.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Supported Image Types</a></h2>
<p>For raster images, rst2pdf supports anything PIL (The Python Imaging Library) supports.
The exact list of supported formats varies according to your PIL version and system.</p>
<p>For SVG support, you need to install svg2rlg or use the inkscape extension.</p>
<p>Some features will not work when using these images.For example, gradients will not
display, and text may cause problems depending on font availability.</p>
<p>You can also use PDF images, via pdfrw.</p>
<p>If you can choose between raster and vectorial images, for non-photographic images,
vector files are usually smaller and look better, specially when printed.</p>
<div class="admonition note">
<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
<p>Image URLs</p>
<p>Attempting to be more compatible with rst2html, rst2pdf will try
to handle images specified as HTTP or FTP URLs by downloading them
to a temporary file and including them in the PDF.</p>
<p class="last">This is probably not a good idea unless you are <strong>really</strong> sure
the image won't go away.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="image-size">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id17">7.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Image Size</a></h2>
<p>PDFs are meant to reflect paper. A PDF has a specific size in centimeters or inches.</p>
<p>Images usually are measured in pixels, which are meaningless in a PDF. To convert
between pixels and inches or centimeters, we use a DPI (dots-per-inch) value.</p>
<p>For example, 300 pixels, with a 300DPI, are exactly one inch. 300 pixels at 100DPI
are 3 inches.</p>
<p>For that reason, to achieve a nice layout of the page, it's usually a good idea
to specify the size of your images in those units, or as a percentage of the
available width and you can ignore all this DPI nonsense ;-)</p>
<p>The rst2pdf default is 300DPI, but you can change it using the --default-dpi option
or the default_dpi setting in the config file.</p>
<p>Examples of images with specified sizes:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. image:: home.png
:width: 3in
.. image:: home.png
:width: 80%
.. image:: home.png
:width: 7cm
</pre>
<p>The valid units you can use are:</p>
<p>&quot;em&quot; &quot;ex&quot; &quot;px&quot; &quot;in&quot; &quot;cm&quot; &quot;mm&quot; &quot;pt&quot; &quot;pc&quot; &quot;%&quot; &quot;&quot;.</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>px: Pixels. If you specify the size using this unit, rst2pdf will convert it to
inches using the default DPI explained above.</li>
<li>No unit. If you just use a number, it will be considered as pixels. (<strong>IMPORTANT:</strong>
this used to default to points. It was changed to be more compatible with rst2html)</li>
<li>em: This is the same as your base style's font size. By default: 10 points.</li>
<li>ex: rst2pdf will use the same broken definition as IE: em/2. In truth this should
be the height of the lower-case x character in your base style.</li>
<li>in: Inches (1 inch = 2.54 cm).</li>
<li>cm: centimeters (1cm = 0.39 inches)</li>
<li>mm: millimeters (10mm = 1cm)</li>
<li>pt: 1/72 inch</li>
<li>pc: 1/6 inch</li>
<li>%: percentage of available width in the frame. Setting a percentage as a height
does <strong>not</strong> work and probably never will.</li>
</ul>
<p>If you don't specify a size at all, rst2pdf will do its best to figure out what it should do:</p>
<p>Since there is no specified size, rst2pdf will try to convert the image's pixel size to
inches using the DPI information available in the image itself. You can set that value
using most image editors. For example, using Gimp, it's in the Image -&gt; Print Size menu.</p>
<p>So, if your image is 6000 pixels wide, and is set to 1200DPI, it will be 5 inches wide.</p>
<p>If your image doesn't have a DPI property set, and doesn't have it's desired size specified,
rst2pdf will arbitrarily decide it should use 300DPI (or whatever you choose with
the --default-dpi option).</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="styles">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id18">8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Styles</a></h1>
<p>You can style paragraphs with a style using the class directive:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. class:: special
This paragraph is special.
This one is not.
</pre>
<p>Or inline styles using custom interpreted roles:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. role:: redtext
I like color :redtext:`red`.
</pre>
<p>For more information about this, please check the ReST docs.</p>
<p>The only special thing about using rst2pdf here is the syntax of
the stylesheet.</p>
<p>You can make rst2pdf print the default stylesheet:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf --print-stylesheet
</pre>
<p>If you want to add styles, just create a stylesheet, (or take the standard
stylesheet and modify it) and pass it with the -s option:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf mydoc.txt -s mystyles.txt
</pre>
<p>Those styles will always be searched in these places, in order:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>What you specify using --stylesheet_path</li>
<li>The option stylesheet_path in the config file</li>
<li>The current folder</li>
<li>~/.rst2pdf/styles</li>
<li>The styles folder within rst2pdf's installation folder.</li>
</ul>
<p>You can use multiple -s options, or pass more than one stylesheet
separated with commas. They are processed in the order you give them
so the <em>last</em> one has priority.</p>
<div class="section" id="included-stylesheets">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id19">8.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Included StyleSheets</a></h2>
<p>To make some of the more common adjustments easier, rst2pdf includes a
collection of stylesheets you can use:</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>Font styles</dt>
<dd><p class="first">These stylesheets modify your font settings.</p>
<ul class="last simple">
<li><tt class="docutils literal">serif</tt> uses the PDF serif font (Times) instead of the default Sans
Serif (Arial)</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">freetype-sans</span></tt> uses your system's default TrueType Sans Serif font</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">freetype-serif</span></tt> uses your system's default TrueType Serif font</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal">twelvepoint</tt> makes the base font 12pt (default is 10pt)</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal">tenpoint</tt> makes the base font 10pt</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal">eightpoint</tt> makes the base font 8pt</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal">kerning</tt> switches to document to DejaVu Sans font and enables kerning.</li>
</ul>
</dd>
<dt>Page layout styles</dt>
<dd><p class="first">These stylesheets modify your page layout.</p>
<ul class="last simple">
<li><tt class="docutils literal">twocolumn</tt> uses the twoColumn layout as the initial page layout.</li>
<li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">double-sided</span></tt> adds a gutter margin (margin at the &quot;in side&quot; of the pages)</li>
</ul>
</dd>
<dt>Page size styles</dt>
<dd><p class="first">Stylesheets that change the paper size.</p>
<p>The usual standard paper sizes are supported:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>A0</li>
<li>A1</li>
<li>A2</li>
<li>A3</li>
<li>A4 (default)</li>
<li>A5</li>
<li>A6</li>
<li>B0</li>
<li>B1</li>
<li>B2</li>
<li>B3</li>
<li>B4</li>
<li>B5</li>
<li>B6</li>
<li>Letter</li>
<li>Legal</li>
<li>11x17</li>
</ul>
<p class="last">The name of the stylesheet is lowercase.</p>
</dd>
<dt>Code block styles</dt>
<dd>See <a class="reference internal" href="#syntax-highlighting">Syntax Highlighting</a></dd>
</dl>
<p>So, if you want to have a two-column, legal size, serif document with code in murphy style:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf mydoc.txt -s twocolumn,serif,murphy,legal
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="stylesheet-syntax">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id20">8.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;StyleSheet Syntax</a></h2>
<p>It's a JSON file with several elements in it.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="font-alias">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id21">8.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Font Alias</a></h2>
<p>This is the fontsAlias element. By default, it uses some of the standard PDF fonts:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;fontsAlias&quot; : {
&quot;stdFont&quot;: &quot;Helvetica&quot;,
&quot;stdBold&quot;: &quot;Helvetica-Bold&quot;,
&quot;stdItalic&quot;: &quot;Helvetica-Oblique&quot;,
&quot;stdBoldItalic&quot;: &quot;Helvetica-BoldOblique&quot;,
&quot;stdMono&quot;: &quot;Courier&quot;
},
</pre>
<p>This defines the fonts used in the styles. You can use, for example, Helvetica
directly in a style, but if later you want to use another font all through
your document, you will have to change it in each style. So, I suggest you
use aliases.</p>
<p>The standard PDF fonts are these:</p>
<blockquote>
Times_Roman
Times-Bold
Times-Italic
Times-Bold-Italic
Helvetica
Helvetica_Bold
Helvetica-Oblique
Helvetica-Bold-Oblique
Courier
Courier-Bold
Courier-Oblique
Courier-Bold-Oblique
Symbol
Zapf-Dingbats</blockquote>
</div>
<div class="section" id="style-definition">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id22">8.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Style Definition</a></h2>
<p>Then you have a 'styles' which is a list of [ stylename, styleproperties ]. For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;normal&quot; , {
&quot;parent&quot;: &quot;base&quot;
}],
</pre>
<p>This means that the style called &quot;normal&quot; inherits style &quot;base&quot;. So, each property
not defined in the normal style will be taken from the base style.</p>
<p>I suggest you do not remove any style from the default stylesheet. Add or modify at
will, though.</p>
<p>If your document requires a style that is not defined in your stylesheet, it will
print a warning and use bodytext instead.</p>
<p>Also, the order of the styles is important: if styleA is the parent of styleB,
styleA should be earlier in the stylesheet.</p>
<p>These are all the possible attributes for a style and their default values.
Some of them, like alignment, apply only when used to paragraphs,
and not on inline styles:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;fontName&quot;:&quot;Helvetica&quot;,
&quot;fontSize&quot;:10,
&quot;leading&quot;:12,
&quot;leftIndent&quot;:0,
&quot;rightIndent&quot;:0,
&quot;firstLineIndent&quot;:0,
&quot;alignment&quot;:&quot;left&quot;,
&quot;spaceBefore&quot;:0,
&quot;spaceAfter&quot;:0,
&quot;bulletFontName&quot;:&quot;Helvetica&quot;,
&quot;bulletFontSize&quot;:10,
&quot;bulletText&quot;: &quot;\u2022&quot;,
&quot;bulletIndent&quot;:0,
&quot;textColor&quot;: black,
&quot;backColor&quot;:None,
&quot;wordWrap&quot;:None,
&quot;borderWidth&quot;: 0,
&quot;borderPadding&quot;: 0,
&quot;borderColor&quot;: None,
&quot;borderRadius&quot;: None,
&quot;allowWidows&quot;: 5,
&quot;allowOrphans&quot;: 4
</pre>
<p>The following are the only attributes that work on styles when used for interpreted roles
(inline styles):</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>fontName</li>
<li>fontSize</li>
<li>textColor</li>
<li>backColor (if your reportlab is version 2.3 or newer)</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="widows-and-orphans">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id23">8.5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Widows and Orphans</a></h2>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>Widow</dt>
<dd>A paragraph-ending line that falls at the beginning of the following page/column, thus separated from the remainder of the text.</dd>
<dt>Orphan</dt>
<dd>A paragraph-opening line that appears by itself at the bottom of a page/column.</dd>
</dl>
<p>Rst2pdf has <em>some</em> widow/orphan control. Specifically, here's what's currently implemented:</p>
<p>On ordinary paragraphs, allowWidows and allowOrphans is passed to reportlab, which is supposed to do something about it if they are non-zero. In practice, it doesn't seem to have much effect.</p>
<p>The plan is to change the semantics of those settings, so that they mean the minimum number of lines that can be left alone at the beginning of a page (widows) or at the end (orphans).</p>
<p>Currently, these semantics only work for literal blocks and code blocks.</p>
<pre class="code rst literal-block">
A literal block<span class="pygments-se">::</span>
<span class="pygments-s"> This is a literal block.</span>
<span class="pygments-s">
</span>A code block:
<span class="pygments-p">..</span> <span class="pygments-ow">code-block</span><span class="pygments-p">::</span> <span class="pygments-k">python</span>
<span class="pygments-k"></span> <span class="pygments-k">def</span> <span class="pygments-nf">x</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-n">y</span><span class="pygments-p">):</span>
<span class="pygments-k">print</span> <span class="pygments-n">y</span><span class="pygments-o">**</span><span class="pygments-mi">2</span>
</pre>
<p>In future versions this may extend to ordinary paragraphs.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="font-embedding">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id24">8.6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Font Embedding</a></h2>
<p>There are thousands of excellent free True Type and Type 1 fonts available on the
web, and you can use many of them in your documents by declaring them in your
stylesheet.</p>
<div class="section" id="the-easy-way">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id25">8.6.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Easy Way</a></h3>
<p>Just use the font name in your style. For example, you can define this:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;normal&quot; , {
&quot;fontName&quot; : &quot;fonty&quot;
}]
</pre>
<p>And then it <em>may</em> work.</p>
<p>What would need to happen for this to work?</p>
<div class="section" id="fonty-is-a-true-type-font">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id26">8.6.1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Fonty is a True Type font:</a></h4>
<ol class="arabic">
<li><dl class="first docutils">
<dt>You need to have it installed in your system, and have the fc-match</dt>
<dd><p class="first">utility available (it's part of <a class="reference external" href="http://www.freedesktop.org/fontconfig/">fontconfig</a>). You can test if it is
so by running this command:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
$ fc-match fonty
fonty.ttf: &quot;Fonty&quot; &quot;Normal&quot;
</pre>
<p class="last">If you are in Windows, I need your help ;-) or you can use <a class="reference internal" href="#the-harder-way-true-type">The Harder Way (True Type)</a></p>
</dd>
</dl>
</li>
<li><dl class="first docutils">
<dt>The folder where fonty.ttf is located needs to be in your font path. You can set it</dt>
<dd><p class="first">using the --font-path option. For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf mydoc.txt -s mystyle.style --font-path /usr/share/fonts
</pre>
<p class="last">You don't need to put the <em>exact</em> folder, just something that is above it. In my own case,
fonty is in /usr/share/fonts/TTF</p>
</dd>
</dl>
</li>
</ol>
<p>Whenever a font is embedded, you can refer to it in a style by its name, and
to its variants by the aliases Name-Oblique, Name-Bold, Name-BoldOblique.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="fonty-is-a-type-1-font">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id27">8.6.1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Fonty is a Type 1 font:</a></h4>
<p>You need it installed, and the folders where its font metric (.afm) and binary (.pfb) files
are located need to be in your font fath.</p>
<p>For example, the &quot;URW Palladio L&quot; font that came with my installation of TeX consists of
the following files:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/type1/urw/palatino/uplb8a.pfb
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/type1/urw/palatino/uplbi8a.pfb
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/type1/urw/palatino/uplr8a.pfb
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/type1/urw/palatino/uplri8a.pfb
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/afm/urw/palatino/uplb8a.afm
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/afm/urw/palatino/uplbi8a.afm
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/afm/urw/palatino/uplr8a.afm
/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/afm/urw/palatino/uplri8a.afm
</pre>
<p>So, I can use it if I put <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts</span></tt> in my font path:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf mydoc.txt -s mystyle.style --font-path /usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts
</pre>
<p>And putting this in my stylesheet, for example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[ &quot;title&quot;, { &quot;fontName&quot; : &quot;URWPalladioL-Bold&quot; } ]
</pre>
<p>There are some standard aliases defined so you can use other names:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
'ITC Bookman' : 'URW Bookman L',
'ITC Avant Garde Gothic' : 'URW Gothic L',
'Palatino' : 'URW Palladio L',
'New Century Schoolbook' : 'Century Schoolbook L',
'ITC Zapf Chancery' : 'URW Chancery L'
</pre>
<p>So, for example, you can use <tt class="docutils literal">Palatino</tt> or <tt class="docutils literal">New Century <span class="pre">SchoolBook-Oblique</span></tt> And it will mean
<tt class="docutils literal">URWPalladioL</tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">CenturySchL-Ital</span></tt>, respectively.</p>
<p>Whenever a font is embedded, you can refer to it in a style by its name, and
to its variants by the aliases Name-Oblique, Name-Bold, Name-BoldOblique.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="the-harder-way-true-type">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id28">8.6.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Harder Way (True Type)</a></h3>
<p>The stylesheet has an element is &quot;embeddedFonts&quot; that handles embedding True Type
fonts in your PDF.</p>
<p>Usually, it's empty, because with the default styles you are not using any font
beyond the standard PDF fonts:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;embeddedFonts&quot; : [ ],
</pre>
<p>You can put there the name of the font, and rst2pdf will try to embed it as described
above. Example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;embeddedFonts&quot; : [ &quot;Tuffy&quot; ],
</pre>
<p>Or you can be explicit and tell rst2pdf the files that contain each variant of the
font.</p>
<p>Suppose you want to use the nice public domain <a class="reference external" href="http://tulrich.com/fonts/">Tuffy font</a>, then you need to give the
filenames of all variants:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;embeddedFonts&quot; : [ [&quot;Tuffy.ttf&quot;,&quot;Tuffy_Bold.ttf&quot;,&quot;Tuffy_Italic.ttf&quot;,&quot;Tuffy_Bold_Italic.ttf&quot;] ],
</pre>
<p>This will provide your styles with fonts called &quot;Tuffy&quot; &quot;Tuffy_Bold&quot; and so on. They will
be available with the names based on the filenames (Tuffy_Bold) and also by standard
aliases similar to those of the standard PDF fonts (Tuffy-Bold/Tuffy-Oblique/Tuffy-BoldOblique).</p>
<p>Now, if you use <em>italics</em> in a paragraph whose style uses the Tuffy font, it will use
Tuffy_Italic. That's why it's better if you use fonts that provide the four variants, and
you should put them in <strong>that</strong> order. If your font lacks a variant, use the
&quot;normal&quot; variant instead.</p>
<p>For example, if you only had Tuffy.ttf:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;embeddedFonts&quot; : [ [&quot;Tuffy.ttf&quot;,&quot;Tuffy.ttf&quot;,&quot;Tuffy.ttf&quot;,&quot;Tuffy.ttf&quot;] ],
</pre>
<p>However, that means that italics and bold in styles using Tuffy will not work correctly (they will
display as regular text).</p>
<p>If you want to use this as the base font for your document, you should change the fontsAlias
section accordingly. For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;fontsAlias&quot; : {
&quot;stdFont&quot;: &quot;Tuffy&quot;,
&quot;stdBold&quot;: &quot;Tuffy_Bold&quot;,
&quot;stdItalic&quot;: &quot;Tuffy_Italic&quot;,
&quot;stdBoldItalic&quot;: &quot;Tuffy_Bold_Italic&quot;,
&quot;stdMono&quot;: &quot;Courier&quot;
},
</pre>
<p>If, on the other hand, you only want a specific style to use the Tuffy
font, don't change the fontAlias, and set the fontName properties for
that style. For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;heading1&quot; , {
&quot;parent&quot;: &quot;normal&quot;,
&quot;fontName&quot;: &quot;Tuffy_Bold&quot;,
&quot;fontSize&quot;: 18,
&quot;keepWithNext&quot;: true,
&quot;spaceAfter&quot;: 6
}],
</pre>
<p>By default, rst2pdf will search for the fonts in its fonts folder and
in the current folder. You can make it search another folder by passing
the --font-folder option, or you can use absolute paths in your stylesheet.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="the-harder-way-type1">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id29">8.6.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Harder Way (Type1)</a></h3>
<p>To be written (and implemented and tested)</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="page-size-and-margins">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id30">8.7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Size and Margins</a></h2>
<p>In your stylesheet, the pageSetup element controls your page layout.</p>
<p>Here's the default stylesheet's:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;pageSetup&quot; : {
&quot;size&quot;: &quot;A4&quot;,
&quot;width&quot;: null,
&quot;height&quot;: null,
&quot;margin-top&quot;: &quot;2cm&quot;,
&quot;margin-bottom&quot;: &quot;2cm&quot;,
&quot;margin-left&quot;: &quot;2cm&quot;,
&quot;margin-right&quot;: &quot;2cm&quot;,
&quot;spacing-header&quot;: &quot;5mm&quot;,
&quot;spacing-footer&quot;: &quot;5mm&quot;,
&quot;margin-gutter&quot;: &quot;0cm&quot;
},
</pre>
<p>Size is one of the standard paper sizes, like A4 or LETTER.</p>
<p>Here's a list: A0, A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, B0, B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6,
LETTER, LEGAL, ELEVENSEVENTEEN.</p>
<p>If you want a non-standard size, set size to null and use width and height.</p>
<p>When specifying width, height or margins, you need to use units, like
inch (inches) or cm (centimeters).</p>
<p>When both width/height and size are specified, size will be used, and
width/height ignored.</p>
<p>All margins should be self-explanatory, except for margin-gutter. That's the
margin in the center of a two-page spread.</p>
<p>This value is added to the left margin of odd pages and the right margin of
even pages, adding (or removing, if it's negative) space &quot;in the middle&quot; of
opposing pages.</p>
<p>If you intend to bound a printed copy, you may need extra space there. OTOH,
if you will display it on-screen on a two-page format (common in many PDF
readers, nice for ebooks), a negative value may be pleasant.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="advanced-table-styles">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id31">8.8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Advanced: table styles</a></h2>
<p>This is new in 0.12.</p>
<p>These are a few extra options in styles that are only used when the style is applied to a table.
This happens in two cases:</p>
<ol class="arabic simple">
<li>You are using the class directive on a table:</li>
</ol>
<pre class="code rest literal-block">
<span class="pygments-p">..</span> <span class="pygments-ow">class</span><span class="pygments-p">::</span> thick
+-------+---------+
<span class="pygments-o">|</span> A | B |
+-----------------+
</pre>
<ol class="arabic simple" start="2">
<li>It's a style that automatically applies to something that is <em>drawn</em> using a table.
Currently these include:<ul>
<li>Footnotes / endnotes (endnote style)</li>
<li>Lists (item_list, bullet_list option_list and field_list styles)</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ol>
<p>The options are as follows:</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>Commands</dt>
<dd><p class="first">For a full reference of these, please check the Reportlab User Guide
specifically the TableStyle Commands section (section 7.4 in the manual
for version 2.3)</p>
<p>Here, however, is a list of the possible commands:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
BOX (or OUTLINE)
FONT
FONTNAME (or FACE)
FONTSIZE (or SIZE)
GRID
INNERGRID
LEADING
LINEBELOW
LINEABOVE
LINEBEFORE
LINEAFTER
TEXTCOLOR
ALIGNMENT (or ALIGN)
LEFTPADDING
RIGHTPADDING
BOTTOMPADDING
TOPPADDING
BACKGROUND
ROWBACKGROUNDS
COLBACKGROUNDS
VALIGN
</pre>
<p>Each takes as argument a couple of coordinates, where (0,0) is top-left, and (-1,-1) is
bottom-right, and 0 or more extra arguments.</p>
<p>For example, INNERGRID takes a linewidth and a color:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[ &quot;INNERGRID&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ -1, -1 ], 0.25, &quot;black&quot; ],
</pre>
<p class="last">That would mean &quot;draw all lines inside the table with .25pt black&quot;</p>
</dd>
<dt>colWidths</dt>
<dd><p class="first">A list of the column widths you want, in the unit you prefer (default unit is pt).</p>
<p>Example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;colWidths&quot;: [&quot;3cm&quot;,null]
</pre>
<p>If your colWidths has fewer values than columns in your table, the rest are autocalculated.
A column width of null means &quot;guess&quot;.</p>
<p class="last">If you don't specify column widths, the table will try to look proportional to the restructured
text source.</p>
</dd>
</dl>
</div>
<div class="section" id="multiple-stylesheets">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id32">8.9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Multiple Stylesheets</a></h2>
<p>When you use a custom stylesheet, you don't need to define <em>everything</em> in it.
Whatever you don't define will be taken from the default stylesheet. For example,
if you only want to change page size, default font and font size, this would
be enough:</p>
<pre class="code js literal-block">
<span class="pygments-p">{</span>
<span class="pygments-s2">&quot;pageSetup&quot;</span> <span class="pygments-o">:</span> <span class="pygments-p">{</span>
<span class="pygments-s2">&quot;size&quot;</span><span class="pygments-o">:</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;A5&quot;</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span>
<span class="pygments-p">},</span>
<span class="pygments-s2">&quot;fontsAlias&quot;</span> <span class="pygments-o">:</span> <span class="pygments-p">{</span>
<span class="pygments-s2">&quot;stdFont&quot;</span><span class="pygments-o">:</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;Times-Roman&quot;</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span>
<span class="pygments-p">},</span>
<span class="pygments-s2">&quot;styles&quot;</span> <span class="pygments-o">:</span> <span class="pygments-p">[</span>
<span class="pygments-p">[</span><span class="pygments-s2">&quot;normal&quot;</span> <span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-p">{</span>
<span class="pygments-s2">&quot;fontSize&quot;</span><span class="pygments-o">:</span> <span class="pygments-mi">14</span>
<span class="pygments-p">}]</span>
<span class="pygments-p">]</span>
<span class="pygments-p">}</span>
</pre>
<div class="admonition note">
<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
<p>The <tt class="docutils literal">command</tt> option used for table styles is not kept across stylesheets.
For example, the default stylesheet defines endnote with this command list:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;commands&quot;: [ [ &quot;VALIGN&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ -1, -1 ], &quot;TOP&quot; ] ]
</pre>
<p>If you redefine endnote in another stylesheet and use this to create a vertical line between
the endnote's columns:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;commands&quot;: [ [ &quot;LINEAFTER&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ 1, -1 ], .25, &quot;black&quot; ] ]
</pre>
<p>Then the footnotes will <strong>not</strong> have VALIGN TOP!</p>
<p>To do that, you <strong>MUST</strong> use all commands in your stylesheet:</p>
<pre class="last literal-block">
&quot;commands&quot;: [
[ &quot;VALIGN&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ -1, -1 ], &quot;TOP&quot; ],
[ &quot;LINEAFTER&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ 1, -1 ], .25, &quot;black&quot; ]
]
</pre>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="styling-your-document">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id33">8.10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Styling Your Document</a></h2>
<p>Which styles you need to modify to achieve your desired result is not obvious.
In this section, you will see some hints and pointers to that effect.</p>
<div class="section" id="the-base-styles">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id34">8.10.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The Base Styles</a></h3>
<p>There are three styles which have great effect, they are <tt class="docutils literal">base</tt>,
<tt class="docutils literal">normal</tt> and <tt class="docutils literal">bodytext</tt>.</p>
<p>Here's an example, the twelvepoint stylesheet:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
{&quot;styles&quot;: [[&quot;base&quot;, {&quot;fontSize&quot;: 12}]]}
</pre>
<p>Since all other styles inherit <tt class="docutils literal">base</tt>, changing the fontSize changes the fontSize
for everything in your document.</p>
<p>The <tt class="docutils literal">normal</tt> style is meant for most elements, so usually it's the same as changing
<tt class="docutils literal">base</tt>.</p>
<p>The <tt class="docutils literal">bodytext</tt> style is for elements that form paragraphs. So, for example, you can set
your document to be left-aligned like this:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
{&quot;styles&quot;: [[&quot;bodytext&quot;, {&quot;alignment&quot;: &quot;left&quot;}]]}
</pre>
<p>There are elements, however, that don't inherit from bodytext, for example headings and the
styles used in the table of contents. Those are elements that are not real paragraphs, so
they should not follow the indentation and spacing you use for your document's main content.</p>
<p>The <tt class="docutils literal">heading</tt> style is inherited by all sorts of titles: section titles, topic titles,
admonition titles, etc.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="lists">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id35">8.10.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Lists</a></h3>
<p>Styling lists is mostly a matter of spacing and indentation.</p>
<p>The space before and after a list is taken from the <tt class="docutils literal">item_list</tt> and <tt class="docutils literal">bullet_list</tt> styles:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;item_list&quot;, {
&quot;parent&quot;: &quot;bodytext&quot;,
&quot;spaceBefore&quot;: 0,
&quot;commands&quot;: [
[ &quot;VALIGN&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ -1, -1 ], &quot;TOP&quot; ],
[ &quot;RIGHTPADDING&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ 1, -1 ], 0 ]
],
&quot;colWidths&quot;: [&quot;20pt&quot;,null]
}]
[&quot;bullet_list&quot;, {
&quot;parent&quot;: &quot;bodytext&quot;,
&quot;spaceBefore&quot;: 0,
&quot;commands&quot;: [
[ &quot;VALIGN&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ -1, -1 ], &quot;TOP&quot; ],
[ &quot;RIGHTPADDING&quot;, [ 0, 0 ], [ 1, -1 ], 0 ]
],
&quot;colWidths&quot;: [&quot;20&quot;,null]
}],
</pre>
<p>Yes, these are table styles, because they are implemented as tables. The RIGHTPADDING command
and the colWidths option can be used to adjust the position of the bullet/item number.</p>
<p>To control the separation between items, you use the item_list_item and
<tt class="docutils literal">bullet_list_item</tt> styles' spaceBefore and spaceAfter options, for example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;bullet_list_item&quot; , {
&quot;parent&quot;: &quot;bodytext&quot;,
&quot;spaceBefore&quot;: 20
}]
</pre>
<p>Remember that this is only used <strong>between items</strong> and not before the first or after the
last items.</p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="syntax-highlighting">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id36">9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Syntax Highlighting</a></h1>
<p>Rst2pdf adds a non-standard directive, called code-block, which produces syntax
highlighted for many languages using <a class="reference external" href="http://pygments.org/">Pygments</a>.</p>
<p>For example, if you want to include a python fragment:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. code-block:: python
def myFun(x,y):
print x+y
</pre>
<pre class="code python literal-block">
<span class="pygments-k">def</span> <span class="pygments-nf">myFun</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-n">x</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span><span class="pygments-n">y</span><span class="pygments-p">):</span>
<span class="pygments-k">print</span> <span class="pygments-n">x</span><span class="pygments-o">+</span><span class="pygments-n">y</span>
</pre>
<p>Notice that you need to declare the language of the fragment. Here's a list of
the currently <a class="reference external" href="http://pygments.org/docs/lexers/">supported</a>.</p>
<p>You can use the <tt class="docutils literal">linenos</tt> option to display line numbers:</p>
<pre class="code python literal-block">
<span class="linenumber">1 </span><span class="pygments-k">def</span> <span class="pygments-nf">myFun</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-n">x</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span><span class="pygments-n">y</span><span class="pygments-p">):</span><span class="linenumber">
2 </span> <span class="pygments-k">print</span> <span class="pygments-n">x</span><span class="pygments-o">+</span><span class="pygments-n">y</span>
</pre>
<p>You can use the <tt class="docutils literal">hl_lines</tt> option to emphasize certain lines by dimming the
other lines. This parameter takes a space separated list of line numbers. The
other lines are then styled with the class <tt class="docutils literal">pygments_diml</tt> that defaults to
gray. e.g. to highlight <tt class="docutils literal">print &quot;line a&quot;</tt> and <tt class="docutils literal">print &quot;line b&quot;</tt>:</p>
<pre class="code python literal-block">
<span class="pygments-diml">def</span><span class="pygments-diml"> </span><span class="pygments-diml">myFun</span><span class="pygments-diml">(</span><span class="pygments-diml">x</span><span class="pygments-diml">,</span><span class="pygments-diml">y</span><span class="pygments-diml">):</span><span class="pygments-diml">
</span><span class="pygments-k">print</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;line a&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-k">print</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;line b&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-diml">print</span><span class="pygments-diml"> </span><span class="pygments-diml">&quot;line c&quot;</span><span class="pygments-diml">
</span>
</pre>
<p>Rst2pdf includes several stylesheets for highlighting code:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>autumn</li>
<li>borland</li>
<li>bw</li>
<li>colorful</li>
<li>emacs</li>
<li>friendly</li>
<li>fruity</li>
<li>manni</li>
<li>murphy</li>
<li>native</li>
<li>pastie</li>
<li>perldoc</li>
<li>trac</li>
<li>vs</li>
</ul>
<p>You can use any of them instead of the default by adding, for example, a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-s</span> murphy</tt> to
the command line.</p>
<p>If you already are using a custom stylesheet, use both:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
rst2pdf mydoc.rst -o mydoc.pdf -s mystyle.json,murphy
</pre>
<p>The default is the same as &quot;emacs&quot;.</p>
<p>There is an online demo of pygments showing these styles:</p>
<blockquote>
<a class="reference external" href="http://pygments.org/demo/1817/">http://pygments.org/demo/1817/</a></blockquote>
<p>The overall look of a code box is controlled by the &quot;code&quot; style or by a class you apply to it using the <tt class="docutils literal">.. class::</tt> directive.
Additionally, if you want to change some properties when using different languages, you can define styles with the name of the language.
For example, a <tt class="docutils literal">python</tt> style will be applied to code blocks created with <tt class="docutils literal">.. <span class="pre">code-block::</span> python</tt>.</p>
<p>The look of the line numbers is controlled by the &quot;linenumbers&quot; style.</p>
<p>As rst2pdf is written in python let's see some examples and variations around python.</p>
<p>Python in console</p>
<pre class="code pycon literal-block">
<span class="pygments-n"></span><span class="pygments-gp">&gt;&gt;&gt; </span><span class="pygments-n">my_string</span><span class="pygments-o">=</span><span class="pygments-s2">&quot;python is great&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-gp">&gt;&gt;&gt; </span><span class="pygments-n">my_string</span><span class="pygments-o">.</span><span class="pygments-n">find</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-s1">'great'</span><span class="pygments-p">)</span>
<span class="pygments-go">10
</span><span class="pygments-n"></span><span class="pygments-gp">&gt;&gt;&gt; </span><span class="pygments-n">my_string</span><span class="pygments-o">.</span><span class="pygments-n">startswith</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-s1">'py'</span><span class="pygments-p">)</span>
<span class="pygments-go">True
</span>
</pre>
<p>Python traceback</p>
<pre class="code pytb literal-block">
<span class="pygments-gt">Traceback (most recent call last):
</span> <span class="pygments-n">File</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;error.py&quot;</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-n">line</span> <span class="pygments-mi">9</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-ow">in</span> <span class="pygments-err">?</span>
<span class="pygments-n">main</span><span class="pygments-p">()</span>
<span class="pygments-n">File</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;error.py&quot;</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-n">line</span> <span class="pygments-mi">6</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-ow">in</span> <span class="pygments-n">main</span>
<span class="pygments-k">print</span> <span class="pygments-n">call_error</span><span class="pygments-p">()</span>
<span class="pygments-n">File</span> <span class="pygments-s2">&quot;error.py&quot;</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-n">line</span> <span class="pygments-mi">2</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-ow">in</span> <span class="pygments-n">call_error</span>
<span class="pygments-n">r</span> <span class="pygments-o">=</span> <span class="pygments-mi">1</span><span class="pygments-o">/</span><span class="pygments-mi">0</span>
<span class="pygments-gr">ZeroDivisionError</span>: <span class="pygments-n">integer division or modulo by zero</span>
<span class="pygments-x">Exit 1
</span>
</pre>
<p>The code-block directive supports many options, that mirror pygments':</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
FIXME: fix this to really explain them all. This is a placeholder.
'stripnl' : string_bool,
'stripall': string_bool,
'ensurenl': string_bool,
'tabsize' : directives.positive_int,
'encoding': directives.encoding,
# Lua
'func_name_hightlighting':string_bool,
'disabled_modules': string_list,
# Python Console
'python3': string_bool,
# Delphi
'turbopascal':string_bool,
'delphi' :string_bool,
'freepascal': string_bool,
'units': string_list,
# Modula2
'pim' : string_bool,
'iso' : string_bool,
'objm2' : string_bool,
'gm2ext': string_bool,
# CSharp
'unicodelevel' : csharp_unicodelevel,
# Literate haskell
'litstyle' : lhs_litstyle,
# Raw
'compress': raw_compress,
# Rst
'handlecodeblocks': string_bool,
# Php
'startinline': string_bool,
'funcnamehighlighting': string_bool,
'disabledmodules': string_list,
</pre>
<p>You can find more information about them in the pygments manual.</p>
<div class="section" id="file-inclusion">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id37">9.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;File inclusion</a></h2>
<p>Also, you can use the code-block directive with an external file, using
the :include: option:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. code-block:: python
:include: setup.py
</pre>
<p>This will give a warning if setup.py doesn't exist or can't be opened.</p>
<div class="section" id="include-with-boundaries">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id38">9.1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Include with Boundaries</a></h3>
<p>you can add selectors to limit the inclusion to a portion of the file.
the options are:</p>
<table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">start-at:</th><td class="field-body">string
will include file beginning at the first occurrence of string, string <strong>included</strong></td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">start-after:</th><td class="field-body">string
will include file beginning at the first occurrence of string, string <strong>excluded</strong></td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">end-before:</th><td class="field-body">string
will include file up to the first occurrence of string, string <strong>excluded</strong></td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">end-at:</th><td class="field-body">string
will include file up to the first occurrence of string, string <strong>included</strong></td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>Let's display a class from rst2pdf:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. code-block:: python
:include: ../rst2pdf/flowables.py
:start-at: class Separation(Flowable):
:end-before: class Reference(Flowable):
</pre>
<p>this command gives</p>
<pre class="code python literal-block">
<span class="pygments-k">class</span> <span class="pygments-nc">Separation</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-n">Flowable</span><span class="pygments-p">):</span>
<span class="pygments-sd">&quot;&quot;&quot;A simple &lt;hr&gt;-like flowable&quot;&quot;&quot;</span>
<span class="pygments-k">def</span> <span class="pygments-nf">wrap</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-bp">self</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-n">w</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-n">h</span><span class="pygments-p">):</span>
<span class="pygments-bp">self</span><span class="pygments-o">.</span><span class="pygments-n">w</span> <span class="pygments-o">=</span> <span class="pygments-n">w</span>
<span class="pygments-k">return</span> <span class="pygments-n">w</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-mi">1</span><span class="pygments-o">*</span><span class="pygments-n">cm</span>
<span class="pygments-k">def</span> <span class="pygments-nf">draw</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-bp">self</span><span class="pygments-p">):</span>
<span class="pygments-bp">self</span><span class="pygments-o">.</span><span class="pygments-n">canv</span><span class="pygments-o">.</span><span class="pygments-n">line</span><span class="pygments-p">(</span><span class="pygments-mi">0</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-mf">0.5</span><span class="pygments-o">*</span><span class="pygments-n">cm</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-bp">self</span><span class="pygments-o">.</span><span class="pygments-n">w</span><span class="pygments-p">,</span> <span class="pygments-mf">0.5</span><span class="pygments-o">*</span><span class="pygments-n">cm</span><span class="pygments-p">)</span>
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="options">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id39">9.1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Options</a></h3>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>linenos</dt>
<dd>Display line numbers along the code</dd>
<dt>linenos_offset</dt>
<dd>If you include a file and are skipping the beginning, using the linenos_offset
makes the line count start from the real line number, instead of 1.</dd>
</dl>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="raw-directive">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id40">10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Raw Directive</a></h1>
<div class="section" id="raw-pdf">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id41">10.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Raw PDF</a></h2>
<p>Rst2pdf has a very limited mechanism to pass commands to reportlab, the PDF generation library.
You can use the raw directive to insert pagebreaks and spacers (other reportlab flowables
may be added if there's interest), and set page transitions.</p>
<p>The syntax is shell-like, here's an example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
One page
.. raw:: pdf
PageBreak
Another page. Now some space:
.. raw:: pdf
Spacer 0,200
Spacer 0 200
And another paragraph.
</pre>
<p>The unit used by the spacer by default is points, and using a space or a comma is the same thing
in all cases.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="page-counters">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id42">10.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Counters</a></h2>
<p>In some documents, you may not want your page counter to start in the first page.</p>
<p>For example, if the first pages are a coverpage and a table of contents, you want page 1 to be
where your first section starts.</p>
<p>To do that, you have to use the SetPageCounter command.</p>
<p>Here is a syntax example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. raw:: pdf
SetPageCounter 0 lowerroman
</pre>
<p>This sets the counter to 0, and makes it display in lower roman characters (i, ii, iii, etc)
which is a style often used for the pages before the document proper (for example, TOCs and
abstracts).</p>
<p>It can take zero or two arguments.</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>SetPageCounter</dt>
<dd>When used with no arguments, it sets the counter to 0, and the style to arabic numerals.</dd>
<dt>SetPageCounter number style</dt>
<dd><p class="first">When used with two arguments, the first argument must be a number, it sets the page counter
to that number.</p>
<p>The second number is a style of counter. Valid values are:</p>
<ul class="last simple">
<li>lowerroman: i, ii, iii, iv, v ...</li>
<li>roman: I, II, III, IV, V ...</li>
<li>arabic: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ...</li>
<li>loweralpha: a, b, c, d, e ... [Don't use for numbers above 26]</li>
<li>alpha: A, B, C, D, E ... [Don't use for numbers above 26]</li>
</ul>
</dd>
</dl>
<div class="admonition note">
<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
<p class="last">Page counter changes take effect on the <strong>current</strong> page.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="page-breaks">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id43">10.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Breaks</a></h2>
<p>There are three kinds of page breaks:</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>PageBreak</dt>
<dd>Break to the next page</dd>
<dt>EvenPageBreak</dt>
<dd>Break to the next <strong>even</strong> numbered page</dd>
<dt>OddPageBreak</dt>
<dd>Break to the next <strong>odd</strong> numbered page</dd>
</dl>
<p>Each of them can take an additional number which is the name of the next page template.</p>
<p>For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
PageBreak twoColumn
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="frame-breaks">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id44">10.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Frame Breaks</a></h2>
<p>If you want to jump to the next frame in the page (or the next page if the current
frame is the last), you can use the FrameBreak command. It takes an optional
height in points, and then it only breaks the frame if there is less than that
vertical space available.</p>
<p>For example, if you don't want a paragraph to begin if it's less than 50 points from the
bottom of the frame:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. raw:: pdf
FrameBreak 50
This paragraph is so important that I don't want it at the very bottom of the page...
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="page-transitions">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id45">10.5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Transitions</a></h2>
<p>Page transitions are effects used when you change pages in <em>Presentation</em> or <em>Full Screen</em> mode (depends on the viewer).
You can use it when creating a presentation using PDF files.</p>
<p>The syntax is this:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. raw:: pdf
Transition effect duration [optional arguments]
</pre>
<p>The optional arguments are:</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>direction:</dt>
<dd>Can be 0,90,180 or 270 (top,right,bottom,left)</dd>
<dt>dimension:</dt>
<dd>Can be H or V</dd>
<dt>motion:</dt>
<dd>Can be I or O (Inside or Outside)</dd>
</dl>
<p>The effects with their arguments are:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>Split duration direction motion</li>
<li>Blinds duration dimension</li>
<li>Box duration motion</li>
<li>Wipe duration direction</li>
<li>Dissolve duration</li>
<li>Glitter duration direction</li>
</ul>
<p>For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. raw:: pdf
Transition Glitter 3 90
</pre>
<p>Uses the Glitter effect, for 3 seconds, at direction 90 degrees (from the right?)</p>
<p>Keep in mind that Transition sets the transition <em>from this page to the next</em> so the
natural thing is to use it before a PageBreak:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. raw:: pdf
Transition Dissolve 1
PageBreak
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="text-annotations">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id46">10.6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Text Annotations</a></h2>
<p>Text annotations are meta notes added to a page.</p>
<p>The syntax is this:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. raw:: pdf
TextAnnotation &quot;text to add&quot; [optional position]
</pre>
<p>The optional position is a set of 4 numbers for <tt class="docutils literal">x_begin</tt>, <tt class="docutils literal">y_begin`, ``x_end</tt> and <tt class="docutils literal">y_end</tt></p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="raw-html">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id47">10.7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Raw HTML</a></h2>
<p>If you have a document that contains raw HTML, and have <tt class="docutils literal">xhtml2pdf</tt> installed,
<tt class="docutils literal">rst2pdf</tt> will try to render that HTML inside your document. To enable this,
use the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">--raw-html</span></tt> command line option.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="the-counter-role">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id48">11&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The counter role</a></h1>
<div class="admonition note">
<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
<p class="last">The counter role only works in PDF, if you're reading the HTML version of the manual then this section is broken. Sorry :/</p>
</div>
<p>This is a nonstandard interpreted text role, which means it will only work with <tt class="docutils literal">rst2pdf</tt>. It implements an unlimited number of counters you can use in your text.
For example, you could use it to have numbered figures, or numbered tables.</p>
<p>The syntax is this:</p>
<pre class="code rst literal-block">
Start a counter called seq1 that starts from 1: <span class="pygments-na">:counter:</span><span class="pygments-nv">`seq1`</span>
Now this should print 2: <span class="pygments-na">:counter:</span><span class="pygments-nv">`seq1`</span>
You can start counters from any number (this prints 12): <span class="pygments-na">:counter:</span><span class="pygments-nv">`seq2:12`</span>
And have any number of counters with any name: <span class="pygments-na">:counter:</span><span class="pygments-nv">`figures`</span>
So <span class="pygments-s">``#seq1-2``</span> should link to <span class="pygments-s">`the number 2 above </span><span class="pygments-si">&lt;#seq1-2&gt;</span><span class="pygments-s">`_</span>
</pre>
<p>The output is:</p>
<p>Start a counter called seq1 that starts from 1:
Now this should print 2: </p>
<p>You can start counters from any number (this prints 12): </p>
<p>And have any number of counters with any name: </p>
<p>Also, the counters create targets for links with this scheme: #countername-number.</p>
<p>So <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">#seq1-2</span></tt> should link to <a class="reference external" href="#seq1-2">the number 2 above</a></p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="the-oddeven-directive">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id49">12&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The oddeven directive</a></h1>
<p>This is a nonstandard directive, which means it will only work with rst2pdf, and not with rst2html or any other docutils tool.</p>
<p>The contents of oddeven should consist of <strong>exactly</strong> two things (in this case, two paragraphs). The first will be used on odd pages, and the second one on even pages.</p>
<p>If you want to use more complex content, you should wrap it with containers, like in this example:</p>
<pre class="code rst literal-block">
<span class="pygments-p">..</span> <span class="pygments-ow">oddeven</span><span class="pygments-p">::</span>
<span class="pygments-p"> ..</span> <span class="pygments-ow">container</span><span class="pygments-p">::</span>
This will appear on odd pages.
Both paragraphs in the container are for odd pages.
This will appear on even pages. It's a single paragraph, so no need for containers.
</pre>
<p>This directive has several limitations.</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>I intentionally have disabled splitting into pages for this, because I have
no idea how that could make sense. That means that if its content is larger
than a frame, you <strong>will</strong> make rst2pdf barf with one of those ugly errors.</li>
<li>It will reserve the space of the larger of the two sets of contents. So if
one is small and the other large, it <strong>will</strong> look wrong. I may be able to
fix this though.</li>
<li>If you try to generate HTML (or anything other than a PDF via rst2pdf) from a file
containing this, it will not do what you want.</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="mathematics">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id50">13&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Mathematics</a></h1>
<p>If you have <a class="reference external" href="http://matplotlib.sf.net">Matplotlib</a> installed, rst2pdf supports a math role and a math directive. You can use
them to insert formulae and mathematical notation in your documents using a subset of LaTeX
syntax, but doesn't require you have LaTeX installed.</p>
<p>For example, here's how you use the math directive:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. math::
\frac{2 \pm \sqrt{7}}{3}
</pre>
<p>And here's the result:</p>
<div class="formula">
<span class="fraction"><span class="ignored">(</span><span class="numerator"><span class="sqrt"><span class="radical"></span><span class="ignored">(</span><span class="root">7</span><span class="ignored">)</span></span></span><span class="ignored">)/(</span><span class="denominator">3</span><span class="ignored">)</span></span>
</div>
<p>If you want to insert mathematical notation in your text like this: <span class="formula"><i>π</i></span> that is the job
of the math <em>role</em>:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
This is :math:`\pi`
</pre>
<p>Produces: This is <span class="formula"><i>π</i></span></p>
<p>Currently, the math role is slightly buggy, and in some cases will produce misaligned and
generally broken output. Also, while the math directive embeds fonts and draws your formula
as text, the math role embeds an image. That means:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>You can't copy the text of inline math</li>
<li>Inline math will look worse when printed, or make your file larger.</li>
</ul>
<p>So, use it only in emergencies ;-)</p>
<p>You don't need to worry about fonts, the correct math fonts will be used and embedded in
your PDF automatically (they are included with matplotlib).</p>
<p>For an introduction to LaTeX syntax, see the &quot;Typesetting Mathematical Formulae&quot; chapter
in &quot;The Not So Short Introduction to LaTeX 2e&quot;:</p>
<p><a class="reference external" href="http://www.tex.ac.uk/tex-archive/info/lshort/english/lshort.pdf">http://www.tex.ac.uk/tex-archive/info/lshort/english/lshort.pdf</a></p>
<p>Basically, the inline form <tt class="docutils literal">$a^2$</tt> is similar to the math role, and the display form
is similar to the math directive.</p>
<p>Rst2pdf doesn't support numbering equations yet.</p>
<p>The math directive supports the following options:</p>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt><tt class="docutils literal">:fontsize:</tt></dt>
<dd>Sets the font size used in the math directive. By default it will use the paragraph's
font and size.</dd>
<dt><tt class="docutils literal">:color:</tt></dt>
<dd>Can change the color of the math directive's output. Can take either a color by name
like <tt class="docutils literal">red</tt> or a hex code like <tt class="docutils literal">#4c050f</tt></dd>
</dl>
</div>
<div class="section" id="hyphenation">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id51">14&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Hyphenation</a></h1>
<p>If you want good looking documents, you want to enable hyphenation.</p>
<p>To do it, you need to install Wordaxe <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id4" id="id3">[2]</a>.</p>
<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id4" rules="none">
<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id3">[2]</a></td><td>You can get Wordaxe from <a class="reference external" href="http://deco-cow.sf.net">http://deco-cow.sf.net</a>. Version 1.0.0 or later is
recommended.</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>If after installing it you get the letter &quot;s&quot; or a black square instead of a hyphen,
that means you need to replace the rl_codecs.py file from reportlab with the one from
wordaxe.</p>
<p>For more information, see <a class="reference external" href="http://code.google.com/p/rst2pdf/issues/detail?id=5">this issue</a> in rst2pdf's bug tracker.</p>
<p>Also, you may need to set hyphenation to true in one or more styles, and the language
for hyphenation via the command line or paragraph styles.</p>
<p>For english, this should be enough:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;bodytext&quot; , {
&quot;alignment&quot;: &quot;justify&quot;,
&quot;hyphenation&quot;: true
}],
</pre>
<p>If you are not an english speaker, you need to change the language using
the -l or --language option.</p>
<p>Since Wordaxe version 0.2.6, it can use the PyHyphen library if it's
available. PyHyphen can use any OpenOffice dictionary, and can even download
them automatically. <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id6" id="id5">[3]</a></p>
<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id6" rules="none">
<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id5">[3]</a></td><td>For more information, please check the PyHyphen website at <a class="reference external" href="http://pyhyphen.googlecode.com">http://pyhyphen.googlecode.com</a></td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>For example, this will enable german hyphenation globally:</p>
<blockquote>
rst2pdf -l de_DE mydocument.txt</blockquote>
<p>If you are creating a multilingual document, you can declare styles with specific languages.
For example, you could inherit bodytext for Spanish:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;bodytext_es&quot; , {
&quot;parent&quot;: &quot;bodytext&quot;,
&quot;alignment&quot;: &quot;justify&quot;,
&quot;hyphenation&quot;: true,
&quot;language&quot;: &quot;es_ES&quot;
}],
</pre>
<p>And all paragraphs declared of bodytext_es style would have Spanish hyphenation:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.. class:: bodytext_es
Debo a la conjunción de un espejo y de una enciclopedia el descubrimiento de Uqbar.
El espejo inquietaba el fondo de un corredor en una quinta de la calle Gaona,
en Ramos Mejía; la enciclopedia falazmente se llama *The Anglo-American Cyclopaedía*
(New York, 1917) y es una reimpresión literal, pero también morosa, de la
*Encyclopaedia Britannica* de 1902.
</pre>
<p>Here is the result (made thinner to force hyphenation):</p>
<p class="thin">Debo a la conjunción de un espejo y de una enciclopedia el descubrimiento de Uqbar.
El espejo inquietaba el fondo de un corredor en una quinta de la calle Gaona,
en Ramos Mejía; la enciclopedia falazmente se llama <em>The Anglo-American Cyclopaedía</em>
(New York, 1917) y es una reimpresión literal, pero también morosa, de la
<em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> de 1902.</p>
<p>BTW: That's the beginning of &quot;Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius&quot;, read it, it's cool.</p>
<p>If you explicitly configure a language in a paragraph style and also pass a
language in the command line, the style has priority, so remember:</p>
<div class="admonition important">
<p class="first admonition-title">Important</p>
<p>If you configure the bodytext style to have a language, your document
is supposed to be in that language, regardless of what the command line
says.</p>
<p class="last">If this is too confusing, let me know, I will try to figure out a simpler
way.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="page-layout">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id52">15&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Page Layout</a></h1>
<p>By default, your document will have a single column of text covering the space
between the margins. You can change that, though, in fact you can do so even in
the middle of your document!</p>
<p id="page-templates">To do it, you need to define <em>Page Templates</em> in your stylesheet. The default
stylesheet already has 3 of them:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;pageTemplates&quot; : {
&quot;coverPage&quot;: {
&quot;frames&quot;: [
[&quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;]
],
&quot;showHeader&quot; : false,
&quot;showFooter&quot; : false
},
&quot;oneColumn&quot;: {
&quot;frames&quot;: [
[&quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;]
]
},
&quot;twoColumn&quot;: {
&quot;frames&quot;: [
[&quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;49%&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;],
[&quot;51%&quot;, &quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;49%&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;]
]
}
}
</pre>
<p>A page template has a name (oneColumn, twoColumn), some options, and a list of frames.
A frame is a list containing this:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[ left position, bottom position, width, height ]
</pre>
<p>For example, this defines a frame &quot;at the very left&quot;, &quot;at the very bottom&quot;, &quot;a bit less than half
a page wide&quot; and &quot;as tall as possible&quot;:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;49%&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;]
</pre>
<p>And this means &quot;the top third of the page&quot;:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
[&quot;0cm&quot;, &quot;66.66%&quot;, &quot;100%&quot;, &quot;33.34%&quot;]
</pre>
<p>You can use all the usual units, cm, mm, inch, and % which means &quot;percentage of
the page (excluding margins and headers or footers)&quot;. Using % is probably the smartest
for columns and gives you a fluid layout, while the other units are better for more
&quot;fixed&quot; elements.</p>
<p>Since we can have more than one template, there is a way to specify which one we want
to use, and a way to change from one to another.</p>
<p>To specify the first template, do it in your stylesheet, in pageSetup (oneColumn is
the default):</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
&quot;pageSetup&quot; : {
&quot;firstTemplate&quot;: &quot;oneColumn&quot;
}
</pre>
<p>Then, to change to another template, in your document use this syntax (will change soon,
though):</p>
<pre class="code rst literal-block">
<span class="pygments-p">..</span> <span class="pygments-ow">raw</span><span class="pygments-p">::</span> pdf
PageBreak twoColumn
</pre>
<p>That will trigger a page break, and the new page will use the twoColumn template.</p>
<p>You can see an example of this in the <em>Montecristo</em> folder in the source package.</p>
<p>The supported page template options and their defaults are:</p>
<ul>
<li><p class="first">showHeader : True</p>
</li>
<li><p class="first">defaultHeader : None</p>
<p>Has the same effect as the header directive in the document.</p>
</li>
<li><p class="first">showFooter : True</p>
</li>
<li><p class="first">defaultFooter : None</p>
<p>Has the same effect as the footer directive in the document.</p>
</li>
<li><p class="first">background: None</p>
<p>The background should be an image, which will be centered in your page or
stretched to match your page size, depending on the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">--fit-background-mode</span></tt>
option, so use with caution.</p>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="smart-quotes">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id53">16&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Smart Quotes</a></h1>
<p>Quoted from the <a class="reference external" href="http://web.chad.org/projects/smartypants.py/">smartypants</a> documentation:</p>
<blockquote>
<p>This feature can perform the following transformations:</p>
<p>Straight quotes ( &quot; and ' ) into &quot;curly&quot; quote HTML entities
Backticks-style quotes (``like this'') into &quot;curly&quot; quote HTML entities
Dashes (-- and ---) into en- and em-dash entities
Three consecutive dots (... or . . .) into an ellipsis entity
This means you can write, edit, and save your posts using plain old ASCII straight
quotes, plain dashes, and plain dots, but your published posts (and final PDF
output) will appear with smart quotes, em-dashes, and proper ellipses.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>You can enable this by passing the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">--smart-quotes</span></tt> option in the command line.
By default, it's disabled.
Here are the different values you can use (again, from the smartypants docs):</p>
<blockquote>
<dl class="docutils">
<dt>0</dt>
<dd>Suppress all transformations. (Do nothing.)</dd>
<dt>1</dt>
<dd>Performs default SmartyPants transformations: quotes
(including ``backticks'' -style), em-dashes, and ellipses.
&quot;--&quot; (dash dash) is used to signify an em-dash; there is no
support for en-dashes.</dd>
<dt>2</dt>
<dd>Same as smarty_pants=&quot;1&quot;, except that it uses the old-school
typewriter shorthand for dashes: &quot;--&quot; (dash dash) for en-dashes,
&quot;---&quot; (dash dash dash) for em-dashes.</dd>
<dt>3</dt>
<dd>Same as smarty_pants=&quot;2&quot;, but inverts the shorthand for dashes:
&quot;--&quot; (dash dash) for em-dashes, and &quot;---&quot; (dash dash dash)
for en-dashes.</dd>
</dl>
</blockquote>
<p>Currently, even if you enable it, this transformation will only take place in
regular paragraphs, titles, headers, footers and block quotes.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="kerning">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id54">17&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Kerning</a></h1>
<p>Kerning is the process of adjusting letter spacing. It is usually accepted that
kerning makes your text look better.</p>
<p>For example, if you are using proper kerning, the As and Ws in AWAWA will overlap
slightly.</p>
<p>If you want kerning in your PDFs, you need to do the following:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>Use wordaxe at least 1.0.0</li>
<li>Use a TrueType font</li>
<li>Set kerning to true in your style. For example, if you want <strong>all</strong>
text to be kerned, you can set it in the &quot;base&quot; style.</li>
</ul>
<p>For convenience, a stylesheet that uses DejaVu fonts with kerning is provided
as kerning.json, so you can copy and adapt to your needs, or just use it
with the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-s</span></tt> option.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="sphinx">
<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id55">18&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Sphinx</a></h1>
<p><a class="reference external" href="http://sphinx.pocoo.org">Sphinx</a> is a very popular tool. This is the description from its website:</p>
<blockquote>
<p>Sphinx is a tool that makes it easy to create intelligent and beautiful documentation,
written by Georg Brandl and licensed under the BSD license.</p>
<p>It was originally created to translate the new Python documentation, and it
has excellent support for the documentation of Python projects, but other
documents can be written with it too.</p>
</blockquote>
<p>Rst2pdf includes an experimental PDF extension for sphinx.</p>
<p>To use it in your existing sphinx project you need to do the following:</p>
<ol class="arabic">
<li><p class="first">Add rst2pdf.pdfbuilder in your conf.py's extensions. For example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
extensions = ['sphinx.ext.autodoc','rst2pdf.pdfbuilder']
</pre>
</li>
<li><p class="first">Add the PDF options at the end of conf.py, adapted to your project:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# -- Options for PDF output --------------------------------------------------
# Grouping the document tree into PDF files. List of tuples
# (source start file, target name, title, author, options).
#
# If there is more than one author, separate them with \\.
# For example: r'Guido van Rossum\\Fred L. Drake, Jr., editor'
#
# The options element is a dictionary that lets you override
# this config per-document.
# For example,
# ('index', u'MyProject', u'My Project', u'Author Name',
# dict(pdf_compressed = True))
# would mean that specific document would be compressed
# regardless of the global pdf_compressed setting.
pdf_documents = [
('index', u'MyProject', u'My Project', u'Author Name'),
]
# A comma-separated list of custom stylesheets. Example:
pdf_stylesheets = ['sphinx','kerning','a4']
# A list of folders to search for stylesheets. Example:
pdf_style_path = ['.', '_styles']
# Create a compressed PDF
# Use True/False or 1/0
# Example: compressed=True
#pdf_compressed = False
# A colon-separated list of folders to search for fonts. Example:
# pdf_font_path = ['/usr/share/fonts', '/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/']
# Language to be used for hyphenation support
#pdf_language = &quot;en_US&quot;
# Mode for literal blocks wider than the frame. Can be
# overflow, shrink or truncate
#pdf_fit_mode = &quot;shrink&quot;
# Section level that forces a break page.
# For example: 1 means top-level sections start in a new page
# 0 means disabled
#pdf_break_level = 0
# When a section starts in a new page, force it to be 'even', 'odd',
# or just use 'any'
#pdf_breakside = 'any'
# Insert footnotes where they are defined instead of
# at the end.
#pdf_inline_footnotes = True
# verbosity level. 0 1 or 2
#pdf_verbosity = 0
# If false, no index is generated.
#pdf_use_index = True
# If false, no modindex is generated.
#pdf_use_modindex = True
# If false, no coverpage is generated.
#pdf_use_coverpage = True
# Name of the cover page template to use
#pdf_cover_template = 'sphinxcover.tmpl'
# Documents to append as an appendix to all manuals.
#pdf_appendices = []
# Enable experimental feature to split table cells. Use it
# if you get &quot;DelayedTable too big&quot; errors
#pdf_splittables = False