Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@lucahammer /twecoll
Last active Aug 14, 2018

Embed
What would you like to do?
Modified version of twecoll to generate GDF files for use with Gephi. Use "python twecoll.py edgelist -g -m USERNAME"
#!/usr/bin/env python
'''
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
'''
import argparse
import urlparse
import urllib2
import urllib
import hashlib
import base64
import hmac
import json
import sys
import os
import time
import datetime
import random
import math
import csv
import re
import codecs
__version__ = '1.12'
ALPHANUM = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
FDAT_DIR = 'fdat'
IMG_DIR = 'img'
TT_EXT = '.dat'
FDAT_EXT = '.f'
FAV_EXT = '.fav'
TWT_EXT = '.twt'
FMAX = 5000
EDG_EXT = '.gml' # Graph Modeling Language
WAIT_CODES = (400, 503, 429)
RETRY_CODES = (500, 502, 110)
SKIP_CODES = (401, 403, 404)
RL_WINDOW = 15*60 # Rate limiting timeout
SHAPES = ['box', 'circle', 'rect', 'triangle-up', 'diamond', 'triangle-down']
from collections import namedtuple
Consumer = namedtuple('Consumer', 'key secret')
Token = namedtuple('Token', 'key secret')
def _quote(text):
return urllib.quote(text, '-._~')
def _encode(params):
return '&'.join(['%s=%s' % (k, v) for k, v in params])
def _parse_uri(req):
method = req.get_method()
if method == 'POST':
uri = req.get_full_url()
query = req.get_data() or ''
else:
url = req.get_full_url()
if url.find('?') != -1:
uri, query = req.get_full_url().split('?', 1)
else:
uri = url
query = ''
return method, uri, query
class Request(urllib2.Request):
def __init__(self, url, \
data=None, headers={}, origin_req_host=None, unverifiable=False, \
method=None, oauth_params={}):
urllib2.Request.__init__( \
self, url, data, headers, origin_req_host, unverifiable)
self.method = method
self.oauth_params = oauth_params
def get_method(self):
if self.method is not None:
return self.method
if self.has_data():
return 'POST'
else:
return 'GET'
class OAuthHandler(urllib2.BaseHandler):
def __init__(self, consumer, token=None, timeout=None):
self.consumer = consumer
self.token = token
self.timeout = timeout
def get_signature(self, method, uri, query):
key = '%s&' % _quote(self.consumer.secret)
if self.token is not None:
key += _quote(self.token.secret)
signature_base = '&'.join((method.upper(), _quote(uri), _quote(query)))
signature = hmac.new(str(key), signature_base, hashlib.sha1)
return base64.b64encode(signature.digest())
def http_request(self, req):
if not req.has_header('Host'):
req.add_header('Host', req.get_host())
method, uri, query = _parse_uri(req)
if method == 'POST':
req.add_header('Content-type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded')
query = map(lambda (k, v): (k, urllib.quote(v)), urlparse.parse_qsl(query))
oauth_params = [
('oauth_consumer_key', self.consumer.key),
('oauth_signature_method', 'HMAC-SHA1'),
('oauth_timestamp', int(time.time())),
('oauth_nonce', ''.join([random.choice(ALPHANUM) for i in range(16)])),
('oauth_version', '1.0')]
if self.token is not None:
oauth_params.append(('oauth_token', self.token.key))
if hasattr(req, 'oauth_params'):
oauth_params += req.oauth_params.items()
query += oauth_params
query.sort()
signature = self.get_signature(method, uri, _encode(query))
oauth_params.append(('oauth_signature', _quote(signature)))
oauth_params.sort()
auth = ', '.join(['%s="%s"' % (k, v) for k, v in oauth_params])
req.headers['Authorization'] = 'OAuth ' + auth
req = Request(req.get_full_url(), \
data=req.get_data(), \
headers=req.headers, \
origin_req_host=req.get_origin_req_host(), \
unverifiable=req.is_unverifiable(), \
method=method)
req.timeout = self.timeout
return req
def https_request(self, req):
return self.http_request(req)
def _replace_opener():
filename = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))+'/.'+os.path.basename(sys.argv[0])
if os.path.isfile(filename):
f = open(filename, 'r')
lines = f.readlines()
key = lines[0].strip()
secret = lines[1].strip()
else:
sys.stderr.write('''TWITTER API AUTHENTICATION SETUP
(1) Open the following link in your browser and register this script...
'>>> https://apps.twitter.com/\n''')
sys.stderr.write('What is its consumer key? ')
key = sys.stdin.readline().rstrip('\r\n')
sys.stderr.write('What is its consumer secret? ')
secret = sys.stdin.readline().rstrip('\r\n')
lines = [key, secret]
consumer = Consumer(key, secret)
try:
oauth = lines[2].strip()
oauth_secret = lines[3].strip()
atoken = Token(oauth, oauth_secret)
except IndexError:
opener = urllib2.build_opener(OAuthHandler(consumer))
resp = opener.open(Request('https://api.twitter.com/oauth/request_token'))
rtoken = urlparse.parse_qs(resp.read())
rtoken = Token(rtoken['oauth_token'][0], rtoken['oauth_token_secret'][0])
sys.stderr.write('''(2) Now, open this link and authorize the script...
'>>> https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authorize?oauth_token=%s\n''' % rtoken.key)
sys.stderr.write('What is the PIN? ')
verifier = sys.stdin.readline().rstrip('\r\n')
opener = urllib2.build_opener(OAuthHandler(consumer, rtoken))
resp = opener.open( \
Request('https://api.twitter.com/oauth/access_token', \
oauth_params={'oauth_verifier': verifier}))
atoken = urlparse.parse_qs(resp.read())
atoken = Token(atoken['oauth_token'][0], atoken['oauth_token_secret'][0])
f = open(filename, 'w')
f.write(key+'\n')
f.write(secret+'\n')
f.write(atoken.key+'\n')
f.write(atoken.secret+'\n')
f.close()
sys.stderr.write('Setup complete and %s created.\n' % filename)
opener = urllib2.build_opener(OAuthHandler(consumer, atoken))
urllib2.install_opener(opener)
def _fetch_img(user_id, avatar):
conn = urllib.urlopen(avatar)
data = conn.read()
info = conn.info().get('Content-Type').lower()
conn.close()
if not os.path.exists(IMG_DIR):
os.makedirs(IMG_DIR)
filename = IMG_DIR+'/'+str(user_id)
if info == 'image/gif':
filename += '.gif'
elif info == 'image/jpeg' or info == 'image/pjpeg':
filename += '.jpg'
elif info == 'image/png':
filename += '.png'
file = open(filename, 'wb')
file.write(data)
file.close()
return filename
def resolve(args):
for sn in args.screen_name:
try:
if sn.isdigit():
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/users/show.json?user_id=%s'
else:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/users/show.json?screen_name=%s'
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url % sn)
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
if e.code in SKIP_CODES:
sys.stdout.write('HTTPError %s with %s. Skipping...\n' % (e.code, sn))
continue
else:
raise
data = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
if sn.isdigit():
sys.stdout.write(data['screen_name']+' ')
else:
sys.stdout.write(data['id_str']+' ')
sys.stdout.write('(%s tweets | %s friends | %s followers | %s memberships)\n' % (\
data['statuses_count'], data['friends_count'], data['followers_count'], data['listed_count']))
class CursorError(urllib2.HTTPError):
def __init__(self, code, cursor=None, res=None):
urllib2.HTTPError.__init__(self, None, code, None, None, None)
self.cursor = cursor
self.res = res
# Results are given in groups of 5,000
def _ids(relation, param, c=None, init=None):
res = init or []
cursor = c or -1
while True:
try:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/%s/ids.json?%s&cursor=%s'
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url % (relation, param, cursor))
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
raise CursorError(e.code, cursor, res)
data = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
res = res + data['ids']
if data['next_cursor'] != 0:
cursor = data['next_cursor']
else:
break
return res
def _members(param, c=None, init=None):
res = init or []
cursor = c or -1
while True:
try:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/lists/members.json?%s&cursor=%s&include_entities=false&skip_status=true'
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url % (param, cursor))
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
raise CursorError(e.code, cursor, res)
data = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
for user in data['users']:
res.append(user['id'])
if data['next_cursor'] != 0:
cursor = data['next_cursor']
else:
break
return res
def init(args):
if args.l:
type = args.l
else:
type = 'followers' if args.followers else 'friends'
if args.query:
bag = []
users = []
for tweet in open(args.screen_name+TWT_EXT):
handles = re.findall(r'@([\w]+)', tweet.lower())
if len(handles) > 0:
bag += handles
users.append(handles[0])
bag = list(set(bag))
users = list(set(users))
else:
cursor = res = None
while True:
try:
if args.l:
bag = _members('slug='+args.l+'&owner_screen_name='+args.screen_name, cursor, res)
else:
bag = [args.screen_name] + \
_ids(type, 'screen_name='+args.screen_name, cursor, res)
break
except CursorError, e:
if e.code in WAIT_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s at %s. Waiting %sm to resume...' % \
(e.code, time.strftime('%H:%M', time.localtime()), RL_WINDOW/60))
time.sleep(RL_WINDOW+random.randint(10,60))
cursor = e.cursor
res = e.res
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
else:
raise
filename = args.screen_name+TT_EXT
if not args.force and os.path.isfile(filename):
f = open(filename, 'r+')
for item in csv.reader(f):
try:
bag.remove(item[1] if \
args.query or item[1] == args.screen_name else int(item[0]))
except:
continue
else:
f = open(filename, 'w')
while len(bag) > 0:
bagId = [x for x in bag if isinstance(x, int)]
bagName = [x for x in bag if isinstance(x, str)]
bag = []
while len(bagId) > 0 or len(bagName) > 0:
if len(bagId) > 99 or len(bagName) > 99:
items = []
while len(items) < 99:
if len(bagId) > 99:
items = [bagId.pop() for _i in xrange(100)]
else:
items = [bagName.pop() for _i in xrange(100)]
else:
items = bagId
bagId = []
if not items:
items = bagName
bagName = []
itemsstring = ','.join(map(str, items))
sys.stdout.write('Processing %s...\n' % itemsstring)
try:
if isinstance(items[0], str):
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/users/lookup.json?screen_name=%s&include_entities=false'
else:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/users/lookup.json?user_id=%s&include_entities=false'
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url % itemsstring)
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
if e.code in SKIP_CODES:
sys.stdout.write('HTTPError %s with %s. Skipping...\n' % (e.code, itemsstring))
continue
elif e.code in RETRY_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s with %s. Deferred...' % (e.code, itemsstring))
sys.stderr.flush()
bag.append(itemsstring.split(','))
time.sleep(random.randint(10,60))
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
elif e.code in WAIT_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s at %s. Waiting %sm to resume (%s items left)...' % (e.code, time.strftime('%H:%M', time.localtime()), RL_WINDOW/60, len(bag)+1))
sys.stderr.flush()
bag.append(itemsstring.split(','))
time.sleep(RL_WINDOW+random.randint(10,60))
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
else:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
raise
response = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
for data in response:
user_id = data['id_str']
name = data['screen_name']
url = data['url'] if data['url'] is not None else ''
avatar = data['profile_image_url'] if data['profile_image_url'] is not None else ''
if avatar != '':
try:
avatar = _fetch_img(user_id, avatar)
except:
avatar = ''
location = data['location']
f.write(user_id+ \
','+name+ \
','+('mention' if args.query and name not in users else type)+ \
','+str(data['friends_count'])+ \
','+str(data['followers_count'])+ \
','+str(data['listed_count'])+ \
','+str(data['statuses_count'])+ \
','+data['created_at']+ \
','+url.encode('ascii', 'replace')+ \
','+avatar+ \
','+location.encode('ascii', 'replace').replace(',', ' ')+'\n')
def _palette(rng):
import colorsys
HSV_tuples = [(t*1.0/rng, 0.75, 1.0) for t in range(rng)]
return map(lambda x: colorsys.hsv_to_rgb(*x), HSV_tuples)
def _draw(args):
import igraph
g = igraph.load('_'.join(args.screen_name)+EDG_EXT)
sys.stdout.write('%s Handles\n%s Follow Relationships\n' % (g.vcount(), g.ecount()))
sys.stdout.write('Avg Shortest Path = %.6f\n' % g.average_path_length())
sys.stdout.write('In-Degree Distribution mean = %.6f, sd = %.6f\n' % (g.degree_distribution(mode=igraph.IN).mean, g.degree_distribution(mode=igraph.IN).sd))
sys.stdout.write('Clustering Coefficient = %.6f\n' % g.transitivity_undirected())
sys.stdout.write('Degree Assortativity = %.6f\n' % g.assortativity_degree())
width = height = int(750+g.vcount()*4.73-g.vcount()**2*1.55e-3)
comp = g.clusters(igraph.STRONG if args.strong else igraph.WEAK)
sys.stdout.write('Cluster Modularity = %.6f\n' % comp.modularity)
gc = comp.giant()
gc_size = gc.vcount()
sys.stdout.write('Fraction Handles in Giant Component = %.2f%%\n' % (100.0*gc_size/g.vcount()))
if len(args.screen_name) > 1 and not args.strong:
RGB_dict = dict(zip(SHAPES, _palette(len(SHAPES))))
for v in g.vs:
v['color'] = RGB_dict[v['shape']]
else:
for v in g.vs:
v['color'] = (.8, .8, .8)
if gc.ecount() > 0:
sys.stdout.write('GC Diameter %i (unweighted)\n' % gc.diameter())
gc_vert = comp[comp.sizes().index(gc_size)]
cim = gc.community_infomap(edge_weights=gc.es['weight'], vertex_weights=gc.vs['lfr'])
RGB_tuples = _palette(max(cim.membership)+1)
for v in g.vs:
gc_v = gc.vs.select(id_eq=v['id'])
if len(gc_v) > 0:
v['color'] = RGB_tuples[cim.membership[gc_v[0].index]]
g.es['color'] = [g.vs['color'][e.target] for e in g.es]
E = max(g.es['weight'])
g.es['width'] = [(not args.transparent)*max(1, 10*e['weight']/E) for e in g.es]
g.es['arrow_size'] = [max(1, 3*e['weight']/E) for e in g.es]
ID = max(g.vs.indegree()) or 1
g.vs['label_size'] = [max(12, 36*v.indegree()/ID) for v in g.vs]
for v in g.vs:
if v['type'] == 'mention':
v['label_color'] = 'blue'
for v in g.vs:
filename = '%s/%s%s' % (FDAT_DIR, v['user_id'], FDAT_EXT)
if not os.path.isfile(filename):
v['color'] = (0, 0, 0)
filename = '_'.join(args.screen_name) + \
('_s' if args.strong else '_w') + \
('_t' if args.transparent else '') + \
'.' + args.format
igraph.plot(g, filename, layout=g.layout(args.layout), bbox=(width, height), margin=50)
def _days(created):
t = time.localtime()
c = time.strptime(created, "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S +0000 %Y")
return datetime.timedelta(seconds=(time.mktime(t)-time.mktime(c))).days
def _skip_hash(iterable):
for line in iterable:
if not line.startswith('#'):
yield line
def edgelist(args):
dat = {}
i = 0
for sn in args.screen_name:
for item in csv.reader(_skip_hash(open(sn+TT_EXT))):
if not dat.has_key(item[0]):
dat[item[0]] = [i]+item[1:11]+[sn]
i = i + 1
# key: user id
# col 0: GML id
# col 1: screen name
# col 2: friends or followers or list name
# col 3: friend count
# col 4: follower count
# col 5: listed count
# col 6: tweets
# col 7: date joined
# col 8: url
# col 9: avatar
# col 10: location
# col 11: handle arg
id0 = {user_id: val[0] for user_id, val in dat.iteritems() if val[1] in args.screen_name}
if not args.gdf:
e = open('_'.join(args.screen_name)+EDG_EXT, 'w')
e.write('graph [\n directed 1\n')
for user_id, val in dat.iteritems():
if not args.ego and val[1] in args.screen_name:
continue
if not args.missing and not os.path.isfile(FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(user_id)+FDAT_EXT):
continue
e.write(''' node [
id %s
user_id "%s"
file "%s.dat"
label "%s"
image "%s"
type "%s"
statuses %s
friends %s
followers %s
listed %s''' % (val[0], user_id, val[11], val[1], os.path.abspath(val[9]), val[2], val[6], val[3], val[4], val[5]))
ffr = (float(val[4])/float(val[3])) if float(val[3]) > 0 else 0
lfr = (10*float(val[5])/float(val[4])) if float(val[4]) > 0 else 0
e.write('\n ffr %.4f' % ffr)
e.write('\n lfr %.4f' % lfr)
if len(args.screen_name) > 1:
sid = [i for i,s in enumerate(args.screen_name) if s == val[11]][0]
e.write('\n shape "%s"' % SHAPES[sid])
else:
if ffr > 1:
e.write('\n shape "triangle-up"')
else:
e.write('\n shape "triangle-down"')
e.write('\n ]\n')
for id1, val in dat.iteritems():
if id1 in id0.keys():
continue
if not args.missing and not os.path.isfile(FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(id1)+FDAT_EXT):
continue
if args.ego:
for idzero in id0.values():
d = _days(val[7])
e.write(''' edge [
source %s
target %s
weight %s
]
''' % (idzero, val[0], float(val[6])/d if float(d) > 0 else 0))
filename = FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(id1)+FDAT_EXT
if os.path.isfile(filename):
fdat = open(filename).readlines()
for line in fdat:
id2 = line.strip()
if dat.has_key(id2):
if not args.ego and id2 in id0.keys():
continue
if not args.missing and not os.path.isfile(FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(id2)+FDAT_EXT):
continue
d = _days(dat[id2][7])
e.write(''' edge [
source %s
target %s
weight %s
]
''' % (val[0], dat[id2][0], float(dat[id2][6])/d if float(d) > 0 else 0))
else:
sys.stdout.write('Missing data for %s\n' % dat[id1][1])
e.write(']\n')
e.close()
sys.stdout.write('GML file created.\n')
try:
if len(args.screen_name) > 1:
sys.stdout.write('Shapes mapping: %s -> %s\n' % (args.screen_name, SHAPES[0:len(args.screen_name)]))
_draw(args)
except:
sys.stderr.write('Visualization skipped.\n')
raise
else:
e = open('_'.join(args.screen_name)+'.gdf', 'w')
e.write('nodedef>name VARCHAR,user_id VARCHAR,label VARCHAR,type VARCHAR,statuses INTEGER,friends INTEGER,followers INTEGER,listed INTEGER,url VARCHAR,joined VARCHAR,location VARCHAR,avatar VARCHAR\n')
for user_id, val in dat.iteritems():
if not args.ego and val[0] in args.screen_name:
continue
e.write('''%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s''' % (val[0], user_id, val[1], val[2], val[6], val[3], val[4], val[5], val[8], val[7], val[10], val[9]))
e.write('\n')
e.write('edgedef>node1 VARCHAR,node2 VARCHAR,directed BOOLEAN\n')
for id1, val in dat.iteritems():
if id1 in id0.keys():
continue
if not args.missing and not os.path.isfile(FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(id1)+FDAT_EXT):
continue
if args.ego:
for idzero in id0.values():
d = _days(val[7])
e.write('''%s,%s,true\n''' % (idzero, val[0]))
filename = FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(id1)+FDAT_EXT
if os.path.isfile(filename):
fdat = open(filename).readlines()
for line in fdat:
id2 = line.strip()
if dat.has_key(id2):
if not args.ego and id2 in id0.keys():
continue
if not args.missing and not os.path.isfile(FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(id2)+FDAT_EXT):
continue
d = _days(dat[id2][7])
e.write('''%s,%s,true\n''' % (val[0], dat[id2][0]))
else:
sys.stdout.write('Missing data for %s\n' % dat[id1][1])
e.close()
def fetch(args):
dat = [item for item in csv.reader(_skip_hash(open(args.screen_name+TT_EXT)))]
if not os.path.exists(FDAT_DIR):
os.makedirs(FDAT_DIR)
cursor = res = None
while len(dat) > 0:
if cursor is None:
item = dat.pop()
if int(item[3]) > args.count:
sys.stdout.write('Skipping %s (%s %s)\n' % (item[1], item[3], 'friends'))
continue
filename = FDAT_DIR+'/'+str(item[0])+FDAT_EXT
if args.force or not os.path.isfile(filename):
sys.stdout.write('Processing %s...\n' % item[0])
try:
bag = _ids('friends', 'user_id='+str(item[0]), cursor, res)
cursor = res = None
except CursorError, e:
if e.code in SKIP_CODES:
sys.stdout.write('HTTPError %s with %s. Skipping...\n' % \
(e.code, item[0]))
cursor = res = None
continue
elif e.code in RETRY_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s with %s. Deferred...' % \
(e.code, item[0]))
sys.stderr.flush()
dat.append(item)
time.sleep(random.randint(10,60))
cursor = res = None
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
elif e.code in WAIT_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s at %s. Waiting %sm to resume (%s items left)...' % (e.code, time.strftime('%H:%M', time.localtime()), RL_WINDOW/60, len(dat)+1))
sys.stderr.flush()
time.sleep(RL_WINDOW+random.randint(10,60))
cursor = e.cursor
res = e.res
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
else:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
raise
f = open(filename, 'w')
for item in bag:
f.write(str(item)+'\n')
f.close()
def _destroy(screen_name):
filename = screen_name+FAV_EXT
dat = [line[:20].strip() for line in open(filename, 'rU')]
while len(dat) > 0:
item = dat.pop()
sys.stdout.write('Purging %s...\n' % item)
try:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/favorites/destroy.json'
data = {'id': item}
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url, urllib.urlencode(data))
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
if e.code in SKIP_CODES:
sys.stdout.write('HTTPError %s with %s. Skipping...\n' % (e.code, item))
continue
elif e.code in RETRY_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s. Deferred...' % e.code)
sys.stderr.flush()
time.sleep(random.randint(10,60))
dat.append(item)
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
elif e.code in WAIT_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('HTTPError %s at %s. Waiting %sm to resume (%s items left)...' % (e.code, time.strftime('%H:%M', time.localtime()), RL_WINDOW/60, len(dat)+1))
sys.stderr.flush()
time.sleep(RL_WINDOW+random.randint(10,60))
dat.append(item)
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
else:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
raise
data = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
def likes(args):
if args.purge:
sys.stderr.write('Press any key to purge likes or Ctrl-C to abort...')
sys.stderr.flush()
while not sys.stdin.read(1):
pass
_destroy(args.screen_name)
else:
filename = args.screen_name+FAV_EXT
f = codecs.open(filename, 'w', encoding='utf-8')
max_id = None
sys.stderr.write('Fetching likes')
sys.stderr.flush()
while True:
try:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/favorites/list.json?count=%s&screen_name=%s'
if max_id:
url += '&max_id=%i' % max_id
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url % (100, args.screen_name))
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
if e.code in RETRY_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('\nHTTPError %s. Retrying' % e.code)
sys.stderr.flush()
time.sleep(random.randint(10,60))
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
elif e.code in WAIT_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('\nHTTPError %s at %s. Waiting %sm to resume...' % \
(e.code, time.strftime('%H:%M', time.localtime()), RL_WINDOW/60))
sys.stderr.flush()
time.sleep(RL_WINDOW+random.randint(10,60))
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
else:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
raise
data = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
sys.stderr.write('.')
sys.stderr.flush()
if len(data) == 0:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
return
for tweet in data:
if tweet['id'] == max_id:
if len(data) == 1:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
return
else:
continue
max_id = min(max_id, tweet['id']) or tweet['id']
f.write('%-20s %30s %-12s @%-20s %s\n' % ( \
tweet['id_str'], \
tweet['created_at'], \
tweet['user']['id_str'], \
tweet['user']['screen_name'], \
tweet['text'].replace('\n', ' ')))
def tweets(args):
f = codecs.open(args.screen_name+TWT_EXT, 'w', encoding='utf-8')
max_id = None
sys.stderr.write('Fetching tweets')
sys.stderr.flush()
while True:
try:
if args.query:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/search/tweets.json?q=%s&result_type=recent'
elif args.l:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/lists/statuses.json?slug='+args.l+'&owner_screen_name=%s'
else:
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/statuses/user_timeline.json?screen_name=%s&count=100'
if max_id:
url += '&max_id=%i' % max_id
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url % args.screen_name)
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
if e.code in RETRY_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('\nHTTPError %s. Retrying' % e.code)
sys.stderr.flush()
continue
elif e.code in WAIT_CODES:
sys.stderr.write('\nHTTPError %s at %s. Waiting %sm to resume...' % \
(e.code, time.strftime('%H:%M', time.localtime()), RL_WINDOW/60))
sys.stderr.flush()
time.sleep(RL_WINDOW+random.randint(10,60))
sys.stderr.write('\n')
continue
else:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
raise
data = json.loads(conn.read())
if args.query:
data = data['statuses']
conn.close()
sys.stderr.write('.')
sys.stderr.flush()
if len(data) == 0:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
return
for tweet in data:
if tweet['id'] == max_id:
if len(data) == 1:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
return
else:
continue
max_id = min(max_id, tweet['id']) or tweet['id']
if args.query or args.l:
f.write('%30s @%-20s %s\n' % (tweet['created_at'], \
tweet['user']['screen_name'], tweet['text'].replace('\n', ' ')))
else:
f.write('%30s %s\n' % (tweet['created_at'], tweet['text'].replace('\n', ' ')))
class StatsAction(argparse.Action):
def __call__(self, parse, namespace, values, option_string=None):
_replace_opener()
url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/application/rate_limit_status.json?resources=users,friends,statuses,search,favorites'
conn = urllib2.urlopen(url)
data = json.loads(conn.read())
conn.close()
sys.stdout.write('init/resolve (%s), ' % \
data['resources']['users']['/users/show/:id']['remaining'])
sys.stdout.write('fetch (%s), ' % \
data['resources']['friends']['/friends/ids']['remaining'])
sys.stdout.write('tweets (%s, -q %s), ' % ( \
data['resources']['statuses']['/statuses/user_timeline']['remaining'], \
data['resources']['search']['/search/tweets']['remaining']))
sys.stdout.write('likes (%s)\n' % \
data['resources']['favorites']['/favorites/list']['remaining'])
sys.exit(0)
class QuoteAction(argparse.Action):
def __call__(self, parse, namespace, values, option_string=None):
if isinstance(values, list):
setattr(namespace, self.dest, map(lambda v: urllib.quote(v), values))
else:
setattr(namespace, self.dest, urllib.quote(values))
def main():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Twitter Collection Tool')
sp = parser.add_subparsers(dest='cmd', title='sub-commands')
sp_resolve = sp.add_parser('resolve', \
help='retrieve user_id for screen_name or vice versa')
sp_resolve.add_argument(dest='screen_name', nargs='+', action=QuoteAction, \
help='Twitter screen name')
sp_resolve.set_defaults(func=resolve)
sp_init = sp.add_parser('init', \
help='retrieve friends data for screen_name')
sp_init.add_argument('-o', '--followers', action='store_true', \
help='retrieve followers (default: friends)')
sp_init.add_argument('-q', '--query', action='store_true', \
help='extract handles from query (default: screen_name)')
sp_init.add_argument('-m', '--members', dest='l', \
help='extract member handles from list named L')
sp_init.add_argument('-f', '--force', action='store_true', \
help='ignore existing %s file (default: False)' % TT_EXT)
sp_init.add_argument(dest='screen_name', action=QuoteAction, \
help='Twitter screen name')
sp_init.set_defaults(func=init)
sp_fetch = sp.add_parser('fetch', \
help='retrieve friends of handles in %s file' % TT_EXT)
sp_fetch.add_argument('-f', '--force', action='store_true', \
help='ignore existing %s files (default: False)' % FDAT_EXT)
sp_fetch.add_argument('-c', dest='count', type=int, default=FMAX, \
help='skip if friends above count (default: %(FMAX)i)' % globals())
sp_fetch.add_argument(dest='screen_name', action=QuoteAction, \
help='Twitter screen name')
sp_fetch.set_defaults(func=fetch)
sp_tweets = sp.add_parser('tweets', \
help='retrieve tweets')
sp_tweets.add_argument('-q', '--query', action='store_true', \
help='argument is a query (default: screen_name)')
sp_tweets.add_argument('-m', '--members', dest='l', \
help='extract tweets from list named L')
sp_tweets.add_argument(dest='screen_name', action=QuoteAction, \
help='Twitter screen name')
sp_tweets.set_defaults(func=tweets)
sp_likes = sp.add_parser('likes', \
help='retrieve likes')
sp_likes.add_argument('-p', '--purge', action='store_true', \
help='destroy likes (default: False)')
sp_likes.add_argument(dest='screen_name', action=QuoteAction, \
help='Twitter screen name')
sp_likes.set_defaults(func=likes)
sp_edgelist = sp.add_parser('edgelist', \
help='generate graph in GML format', \
description='Vertices have the following attributes: twitter user_id, .dat source file, label, link to image file, type, statuses, friends, followers, listed, ffr and lfr. Vertices with a friends-to-followers ratio > 1 have a triangle-up shape, otherwise triangle-down. Label size is proportional to the in-degree. Edges have a width based on their weight attribute. Weight corresponds to the number of tweets per day since the account was created. Vertices included in the giant component are colored according to their membership to a particular community. Otherwise, they are colored in grey. Community finding is based on infomap and applied to members of the giant component. Black is used for vertices with no edges, with more than %s friends or set to private.' % FMAX)
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-f', '--format', default='png', \
choices=('png', 'pdf', 'ps'), \
help='graph output format (default: png)')
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-e', '--ego', action='store_true', \
help='include screen_name (default: False)')
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-l', '--layout', default='kk', \
choices=('circle', 'fr', 'kk'), \
help='igraph layout (default: kk)')
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-s', '--strong', action='store_true', \
help='use strong ties to isolate clusters (default: weak)')
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-t', '--transparent', action='store_true', \
help='hide edges in graph (default: visible)')
sp_edgelist.add_argument(dest='screen_name', nargs='+', action=QuoteAction, \
help='Twitter screen name')
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-m', '--missing', action='store_true', \
help='include missing handles (default: False)')
sp_edgelist.add_argument('-g', '--gdf', action='store_true', \
help='only create GDF file instead of GML (default: False)')
sp_edgelist.set_defaults(func=edgelist)
parser.add_argument('-s', '--stats', action=StatsAction, nargs=0, \
help='show Twitter throttling stats and exit')
parser.add_argument('-v', '--version', action='version', \
version='%(prog)s v'+'%(__version__)s' % globals())
try:
args = parser.parse_args()
_replace_opener()
args.func(args)
except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.stderr.write('\n')
return 2
except Exception, err:
sys.stderr.write(str(err)+'\n')
return 1
else:
sys.stderr.write('Done.\n')
return 0
if __name__ == '__main__':
sys.exit(main())
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment