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Hardcore Debug Logger

HardCore Debug Logger

jump to usage

A bit of history

Sometimes, a segfaults happen, but you don't know where, and your PHP installation does not have tools to find it. Or sometime, you think PHP is hanging, but you don't know where. You may use xdebug, but you don't want to click so many times on the "next call" button.

To addresses theses issues, I used to use this hack.

The code is pretty small but it could appear really weird. Don't worry, I will explain it.

  1. We register a tick function. A tick is an event emitted by PHP when a very low-level (tickable) statements is executed. This function will be executed on each PHP Tick and will print the last executed line.

  2. We tell PHP to fire an event for all possible tick.

  3. Profit... Thanks to that, it's possible to find the last successfully executed line.

But, what I did not know, is that it worked because of a PHP Bug: declare(ticks=1) is not supposed to leak to other files. This has been fixed in PHP 7.0 and so my hack does not work anymore.

Let's use a bigger cleaner hack

So If I want to continue to use this debug method, I need to put by hand declare(ticks=1) on every PHP files... Boring! I could write a simple tools that will do that for me but I don't want to modify all my vendors.

So I decided to use PHP Stream Wrapper and Stream Filter. Theses PHP features are not really well known, but they are very powerful. I encourage you to read more about it.

This new implementation replaces the default file and phar stream wrapper implementation of PHP to be able to automatically add declare(ticks=1) on each PHP file. But this is done only in memory, not physically on the disk.

Usage

To use it, copy the HardCoreDebugLogger.php file somewhere on your disk and then add the following lines in your code

require '/path/to/HardCoreDebugLogger.php'

HardCoreDebugLogger::register();

By default, the traces will be displayed on STDOUT, but you can change it to save it a file:

require '/path/to/HardCoreDebugLogger.php'

HardCoreDebugLogger::register('/tmp/trace.txt');

Credit

Writing a Stream Wrapper is boring, so I would like to credit Anthony Ferrara for his work on php-preprocessor

<?php
declare(ticks=1);
require __DIR__.'/HardCoreDebugLogger.php';
HardCoreDebugLogger::register();
function foobar()
{
$c = 1;
}
require __DIR__.'/b.php';
foobar();
<?php
function bingo()
{
$e = 1;
}
bingo();
<?php
const STREAM_OPEN_FOR_INCLUDE = 128;
final class HardCoreDebugLogger
{
public static function register(string $output = 'php://stdout')
{
register_tick_function(function () use ($output) {
$bt = debug_backtrace(DEBUG_BACKTRACE_IGNORE_ARGS, 1);
$last = reset($bt);
$info = sprintf("%.4f %s +%d\n", microtime(true), $last['file'], $last['line']);
file_put_contents($output, $info, FILE_APPEND);
});
HardCoreFilter::register();
HardCore::register();
}
}
final class HardCore
{
const PROTOCOLS = ['file', 'phar'];
private $files;
public static function register()
{
foreach (self::PROTOCOLS as $protocol) {
stream_wrapper_unregister($protocol);
stream_wrapper_register($protocol, self::class);
}
}
public static function unregister()
{
foreach (self::PROTOCOLS as $protocol) {
set_error_handler(function () {
});
stream_wrapper_restore($protocol);
restore_error_handler();
}
}
/* Properties */
public $context;
public $resource;
/* Methods */
public function __construct()
{
}
public function dir_closedir(): bool
{
closedir($this->resource);
return true;
}
public function dir_opendir(string $path, int $options): bool
{
$this->resource = $this->wrapCallWithContext('opendir', $path);
return false !== $this->resource;
}
public function dir_readdir()
{
return readdir($this->resource);
}
public function dir_rewinddir(): bool
{
rewinddir($this->resource);
return true;
}
public function mkdir(string $path, int $mode, int $options): bool
{
$recursive = (bool) ($options & STREAM_MKDIR_RECURSIVE);
return $this->wrapCallWithContext('mkdir', $path, $mode, $recursive);
}
public function rename(string $path_from, string $path_to): bool
{
return $this->wrapCallWithContext('rename', $path_from, $path_to);
}
public function rmdir(string $path, int $options): bool
{
return $this->wrapCallWithContext('rmdir', $path);
}
public function stream_cast(int $cast_as)
{
return $this->resource;
}
public function stream_close()
{
fclose($this->resource);
}
public function stream_eof(): bool
{
return feof($this->resource);
}
public function stream_flush(): bool
{
return fflush($this->resource);
}
public function stream_lock(int $operation): bool
{
return flock($this->resource, $operation);
}
public function stream_metadata(string $path, int $option, $value): bool
{
return $this->wrapCall(function (string $path, int $option, $value) {
switch ($option) {
case STREAM_META_TOUCH:
if (empty($value)) {
$result = touch($path);
} else {
$result = touch($path, $value[0], $value[1]);
}
break;
case STREAM_META_OWNER_NAME:
case STREAM_META_OWNER:
$result = chown($path, $value);
break;
case STREAM_META_GROUP_NAME:
case STREAM_META_GROUP:
$result = chgrp($path, $value);
break;
case STREAM_META_ACCESS:
$result = chmod($path, $value);
break;
}
}, $path, $option, $value);
}
public function stream_open(string $path, string $mode, int $options, string &$opened_path = null): bool
{
$useIncludePath = (bool) ($options & STREAM_USE_PATH);
$this->resource = $this->wrapCallWithContext('fopen', $path, $mode, $useIncludePath);
$including = (bool) ($options & STREAM_OPEN_FOR_INCLUDE);
if ($including && false !== $this->resource) {
HardCoreFilter::append($this->resource, $path);
}
return false !== $this->resource;
}
public function stream_read(int $count): string
{
return fread($this->resource, $count);
}
public function stream_seek(int $offset, int $whence = SEEK_SET): bool
{
return fseek($this->resource, $offset, $whence);
}
public function stream_set_option(int $option, int $arg1, int $arg2): bool
{
switch ($option) {
case STREAM_OPTION_BLOCKING:
return stream_set_blocking($this->resource, $arg1);
case STREAM_OPTION_READ_TIMEOUT:
return stream_set_timeout($this->resource, $arg1, $arg2);
case STREAM_OPTION_WRITE_BUFFER:
return stream_set_write_buffer($this->resource, $arg1);
case STREAM_OPTION_READ_BUFFER:
return stream_set_read_buffer($this->resource, $arg1);
}
}
public function stream_stat(): array
{
return fstat($this->resource);
}
public function stream_tell(): int
{
return ftell($this->resource);
}
public function stream_truncate(int $new_size): bool
{
return ftruncate($this->resource, $new_size);
}
public function stream_write(string $data): int
{
return fwrite($this->resource, $data);
}
public function unlink(string $path): bool
{
return $this->wrapCallWithContext('unlink', $path);
}
public function url_stat(string $path, int $flags)
{
$result = @$this->wrapCall('stat', $path);
if (false === $result) {
$result = null;
}
return $result;
}
private function wrapCallWithContext(callable $function, ...$args)
{
if ($this->context) {
$args[] = $this->context;
}
return $this->wrapCall($function, ...$args);
}
private function wrapCall(callable $function, ...$args)
{
try {
foreach (self::PROTOCOLS as $protocol) {
set_error_handler(function () {
});
stream_wrapper_restore($protocol);
restore_error_handler();
}
return $function(...$args);
} catch (\Throwable $e) {
return false;
} finally {
foreach (self::PROTOCOLS as $protocol) {
stream_wrapper_unregister($protocol);
stream_wrapper_register($protocol, self::class);
}
}
}
}
class HardCoreFilter extends php_user_filter
{
const NAME = 'php-hardcode-filter';
protected $buffer = '';
public static function append($resource, string $path)
{
$ext = pathinfo($path, PATHINFO_EXTENSION);
stream_filter_append(
$resource,
self::NAME,
STREAM_FILTER_READ,
[
'ext' => $ext,
'path' => $path,
]
);
}
public static function register()
{
stream_filter_register(self::NAME, static::class);
}
public function filter($in, $out, &$consumed, $closing)
{
while ($bucket = stream_bucket_make_writeable($in)) {
$this->buffer .= $bucket->data;
$consumed += $bucket->datalen;
}
if ($closing) {
$buffer = $this->doFilter($this->buffer, $this->params['path'], $this->params['ext']);
$bucket = stream_bucket_new($this->stream, $buffer);
stream_bucket_append($out, $bucket);
}
return PSFS_PASS_ON;
}
private function doFilter($buffer, $path, $ext): string
{
if ('php' !== $ext) {
return $buffer;
}
if (0 !== strpos($buffer, "<?php\n")) {
return $buffer;
}
$buffer = str_replace("<?php\n", "<?php\ndeclare(ticks=1);\n", $buffer);
return $buffer;
}
}
<?php
require __DIR__.'/HardCoreDebugLogger.php';
declare(ticks=1); // We need tick in this file
HardCoreDebugLogger::register();
function a()
{
b();
}
function b()
{
c();
}
function c()
{
$a = 1 + 2;
"".(new Crash());
}
class Crash
{
public function __tostring()
{
return "".$this;
}
}
a();
@kissifrot

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commented Apr 16, 2019

Needs a HOWTO file :D

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