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Instructions to replace a live Debian installation with Arch
# Download latest archlinux bootstrap package, see https://www.archlinux.org/download/
wget 'ftp://ftp.nluug.nl/pub/os/Linux/distr/archlinux/iso/latest/archlinux-bootstrap-*-x86_64.tar.gz'
# Make sure you'll have enough entropy for pacman-key later.
apt-get install haveged
# Install the arch bootstrap image in a tmpfs.
mount -t tmpfs none /mnt
cd /mnt
tar xvf ~/archlinux-bootstrap-*-x86_64.tar.gz --strip-components=1
cp -r /root/.ssh root
cp /etc/resolv.conf etc
vi etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist # Uncomment one or more mirrors.
# Swap / and /mnt
mount --make-rprivate /
for i in run proc sys dev; do mount --move /$i /mnt/$i; done
pivot_root . mnt
exec chroot .
# Setup pacman and install the tools we need.
pacman-key --init
pacman-key --populate archlinux
pacman -Sy psmisc openssh
# Restart sshd in the new root.
cp /mnt/etc/ssh/* /etc/ssh
killall -HUP sshd
# You'll have to reconnect at this point. Let's hope it works.
# Make sure nothing is using the old filesystem anymore.
killall haveged agetty cron rsyslogd systemd-udevd systemd-journald
systemctl daemon-reexec
# Unmount the old filesystem.
umount /mnt
# If umount complains that /mnt is still busy, install and use
# lsof to check which other processes you need to kill:
# pacman -S lsof
# lsof +f -- /mnt
# kill ...
# umount /mnt
# Install arch as usual: (See https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/installation_guide)
mkfs.ext4 /dev/xvda2
mount /dev/xvda2 /mnt
pacstrap /mnt base openssh grub vim
genfstab /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
cp -r /root/.ssh /mnt/root
arch-chroot /mnt
echo archbox > /etc/hostname
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Amsterdam /etc/localtime
vim /etc/locale.gen
locale-gen
echo LANG=en_GB.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf
mkinitcpio -p linux
passwd
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
grub-install /dev/... # No need for grub-install when Xen Pygrub is used.
systemctl enable sshd
vim /etc/netctl/internet
netctl enable internet
exit
systemctl reboot # And pray it'll boot.
@C0rn3j

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commented Aug 15, 2019

Managed to use this to adapt it to Scaleway's Ubuntu images, thanks!

https://gitlab.com/C0rn3j/arch/blob/master/scalewayUbuntu.sh

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