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Python code to read from a Velleman DVM-1200 multimeter (so you can use it in Linux, OS X, *BSDs and that other operating system for which they actually provide software). Protip: if the thing doesn't seem to output data (you don't see the LED flashing when you look at it through a phone camera, for instance), it may be due to sloppy soldering o…
#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright (c) Sabin Iacob <iacobs@gmail.com>.
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
# are met:
# 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
# documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
# 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
# may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
# without specific prior written permission.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
# ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
# IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
# ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
# FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
# DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
# OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
# HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
# LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
# OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
# SUCH DAMAGE.
__doc__ = """
Usage:
import dvm1200
import serial
port = serial.Serial('/dev/ttyUSB0') # Linux; other operating systems will be
# different
while True:
line = dvm1200.read_data(port)
data = dvm1200.decode(line)
print data['value'], data['unit'], ', '.join(data['unit_extra'])', '.join(data['flags'])
Gory details:
The multimeter is as dumb as they come when it comes to PC interfacing,
and makes a screen dump to USB (over an IR link) instead of providing proper
ASCII data. The original software is Windows only and doesn't work in Wine.
The output consists of 14 byte packets that look like this when converted to
hex:
1b 27 3d 4d 5b 65 7b 87 9e a0 b0 c0 d4 e0
The first 4 bits can be discarded, leaving us with
b 7 d d b 5 b 7 e 0 0 0 4 0
Further, these can be grouped like
b 7d db 5b 7e 00 04 0
These encode various things on the screen; in order of appearance:
* left side flags (AC, DC, PC-Link, AUTO)
* first digit
* second digit
* third digit
* fourth digit
* mostly scaling information (nano, micro, milli, etc.), but also diode, beep
* mostly units (V, A, F, Hz), but also REL, H(old)
* top flags: MIN, MAX, but also deg. C
The last half byte looks like [MIN, <no idea>, deg.C, MAX]. The digits use a
non-standard layout (check decode_digit), but are basically seven segment
displays; the "decimal point" bit of the leftmost digit controls the sign display.
"""
def read_data(port):
data = port.read(14)
data = [c.encode('hex')[1] for c in data]
ret = [
data[0], # left indicators
data[1] + data[2], # digit 1
data[3] + data[4], # digit 2
data[5] + data[6], # digit 3
data[7] + data[8], # digit 4
data[9] + data[10], # scale
data[11] + data[12], # units
data[13], # top indicators
]
return ret
def decode_digit(n):
"""
d
---
c | g | h
-- ---
a b | | f
. ---
e
"""
trans_tbl = {
0b00000101: 1,
0b01011011: 2,
0b00011111: 3,
0b00100111: 4,
0b00111110: 5,
0b01111110: 6,
0b00010101: 7,
0b01111111: 8,
0b00111111: 9,
0b01111101: 0,
0b01101000: 'L',
}
if isinstance(n, basestring):
n = int(n, 16)
has_dot = bool(n & 128)
n &= ~128
return trans_tbl.get(n), has_dot
def decode_flags(n):
if isinstance(n, basestring):
n = int(n, 16)
names = ['AC', 'DC', 'AUTO', 'PC']
flags = [bool(n & (1 << (3 - i))) for i in range(4)]
return [names[i] for i in range(4) if flags[i]]
def decode_units(n1, n2):
if isinstance(n1, basestring):
n1 = int(n1, 16)
if isinstance(n2, basestring):
n2 = int(n2, 16)
scale = ['u', 'n', 'k', 'Diode', 'm', '%', 'M', 'Beep']
unit = ['F', 'Ohm', 'Relative', 'Hold', 'A', 'V', 'Hz', '?']
fscale = [bool(n1 & (1 << (7 - i))) for i in range(8)]
funit = [bool(n2 & (1 << (7 - i))) for i in range(8)]
rscale = [scale[i] for i in range(8) if fscale[i]]
runit = [unit[i] for i in range(8) if funit[i]]
scales = set(['u', 'n', 'k', 'm', 'M'])
units = set(['F', 'Ohm', 'A', 'V', 'Hz'])
scale = ''
unit = ''
try:
unit = units.intersection(runit).pop()
scale = scales.intersection(rscale).pop()
except KeyError:
pass
return [scale + unit] + list(set(rscale) - scales) + list(set(runit) - units)
def decode_value(line):
d1, d2, d3, d4 = map(decode_digit, line[1:5])
sign = 1
mult = 1
if d1[1]:
sign = -1
if d2[1]:
mult = 0.001
elif d3[1]:
mult = 0.01
elif d4[1]:
mult = 0.1
if d3[0] == 'L':
return 0
ret = d4[0] + 10 * d3[0] + 100 * d2[0] + 1000 * d1[0]
return sign * mult * ret
def decode(line):
flags = decode_flags(line[0])
units = decode_units(line[5], line[6])
return {
'value': decode_value(line),
'flags': flags,
'unit': units[0],
'unit_extra': units[1:],
}
if __name__ == '__main__':
import serial
port = serial.Serial('/dev/ttyUSB0')
try:
while True:
line = read_data(port)
data = decode(line)
print data['value'], data['unit'], ', '.join(data['unit_extra']), \
', '.join(data['flags'])
except KeyboardInterrupt:
pass
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