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markjaquith/readme.md

Last active Jun 11, 2017
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What would you like to do?
For WordPress, a method to re-index a multi-dimensional array by the (unique) value of a given array key

Okay, so, let's say you have some data like this:

$things = [
  0 => [ 'id' => 123, 'title' => '123 Title', 'content' => '123 Content' ],
  1 => [ 'id' => 456, 'title' => '456 Title', 'content' => '456 Content' ],
  2 => [ 'id' => 789, 'title' => '789 Title', 'content' => '789 Content' ],
];

Those numerical indexes aren't very useful. If id is a unique key, it would be much more useful if it were indexed with the id value as the array key.

So you just do:

$things = self::reindex_by_array_key( $things, 'id' );

And now you have:

$things = [
  123 => [ 'id' => 123, 'title' => '123 Title', 'content' => '123 Content' ],
  456 => [ 'id' => 456, 'title' => '456 Title', 'content' => '456 Content' ],
  789 => [ 'id' => 789, 'title' => '789 Title', 'content' => '789 Content' ],
];

And now you can do isset( $things[$id_to_test] ) ) to see if an item with a given id exists in the array.

Note

This code was written for PHP 7.0+.

I was using wp_list_pluck() until Lionel told me about array_column().

What other handy helpers do you use?

<?php
/**
* Plucks a value from an array and re-indexes the array
* with the value of that key as the key of that item in the array.
*
* WARNING: the value of the key you choose MUST be unique.
*
* @param array $array The array to process.
* @param string $key The key to pluck the value from.
* @return array The modified array.
*/
public static function reindex_by_array_key( array $array, string $key ) {
return array_column( $array, null, $key );
}
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@markjaquith markjaquith commented Jun 11, 2017

Lionel found a way to do this with a PHP core function! It's PHP 5.5+ and I somehow haven't heard of it until now.

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