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Creates and initializes a MongoDb replica set: allows the user to choose the number of members and the starting port number; this should also work on a remote host, but I have only tested it so far on localhost
# Starts up a MongoDB replica set
# There is a lot of documentation about replica sets:
# To read data from a SECONDARY, when in the client, use:
# > rs.slaveOk()
# Created by M. Massenzio, 2012-05-10
# Prints usage
function usage {
echo "Usage: `basename $0` replicaSetName [num] [port] [host]
Creates a replica set of 'num' MongoDB servers, running on consecutive ports
starting at 'port' on the same 'host' ('localhost' by default).
By default, it will start 3 servers, on ports {27011, 27012, 27013}.
Due to bash limited ability to parse command-line args, each argument MUST
be present, if any of the subsequent ones need to be specified.
The replicaSetName is required and can be used when connecting to
the set, using a URI of the form:
# Creates a replica set member's record for the configuration
# Arguments:
# $1 id
# $2 host
function create_record {
echo "{ \"_id\": $1, \"host\": \"$2\"}"
# Initialize the replica set
# Arguments:
# $1 primary mongod port (uses global: HOST)
# $2 replica set configuration record
function initialize_repset {
if [[ -z "$2" ]]; then
echo "No configuration record passed"
exit 1
local CFG_REC="$2"
echo -e "rsconf = ${CFG_REC}\nrs.initiate(rsconf)" | \
mongo --port $1 --host ${HOST} > /dev/null
# Waits for the state of all mongo servers to get past the STARTUP phases
# Arguments:
# $1 a port for the mongo client to connect to (default: 27011)
# $2 the host to connect to (default: localhost)
function wait_for_repset {
local PORT=${1:-27011}
local H=${2:-localhost}
while true; do
num=$(echo "rs.status()" | mongo --port $PORT --host $H | grep stateStr | grep -v STARTUP | wc -l)
if [[ $(expr $num) == ${NUM_REPLICAS} ]]; then
sleep 1
# Main body of script starts here
# TODO: factor out sub-sections in their own functions
if [[ -z "$1" ]]; then
exit 1
declare -r REPSET_NAME="$1"
declare -r NUM_REPLICAS=${2:-3}
declare -r STARTING_PORT=${3:-27011}
declare -r HOST=${4:-localhost}
echo "[INFO] Starting ${NUM_REPLICAS} MongoDB servers on ${HOST}, " \
" using ports starting at ${STARTING_PORT};" \
" the replica set will be named: ${REPSET_NAME}"
read -p "Do you want to continue (y/N)? " resp
if [[ $resp != 'y' ]]; then
echo "Terminating."
exit 1
if [[ -z ${MONGO_BASE} ]]; then
echo "[WARN] Please define \$MONGO_BASE to point to where you want data/logs to be created"
read -p "Would you like to continue using the default (${MONGO_BASE})? " resp
if [[ $resp != 'y' ]]; then
echo "Terminating."
exit 1
echo "Using base directory for logs and data: ${MONGO_BASE}"
declare -r LOGS_DIR="${MONGO_BASE}/logs"
declare -r DATA_DIR="${MONGO_BASE}/data"
mkdir -p ${LOGS_DIR}
echo "Logs sent to ${LOGS_DIR}, data saved in ${DATA_DIR}"
if [[ ! -d ${LOGS_DIR} || ! -d ${DATA_DIR} ]]; then
echo "[ERROR] Either logs or data directory could not be found/created; aborting."
exit 1
for ((i=1; i <= ${NUM_REPLICAS}; i++))
mkdir -p "${DATA_DIR}/${REPSET_NAME}_${i}"
mongod --rest --replSet "${REPSET_NAME}" --logpath $LOGPATH \
--dbpath $DBPATH --port ${PORT} --fork --vvvvv \
--smallfiles --oplogSize 128 > /dev/null
echo "[INFO] MongoDB server started on port $PORT"
MEMBERS="$MEMBERS $(create_record $i ${HOST}:${PORT})"
if [[ $i < ${NUM_REPLICAS} ]]; then
CONFIG="{ _id: \"${REPSET_NAME}\", members: [${MEMBERS}]}"
echo "[INFO] Configuring replica set ${REPSET_NAME} and initializing"
initialize_repset ${STARTING_PORT} "${CONFIG}"
if [[ $? != 0 ]]; then
echo "[ERROR] could not initialize the replica set [${REPSET_NAME}]"
exit 1
echo "[SUCCESS] Replica set ${REPSET_NAME} started and configured"
echo "[INFO] Waiting for replica set to sync and elect primary..."
wait_for_repset ${STARTING_PORT} ${HOST}
echo "[SUCCESS] To connect to PRIMARY execute: mongo --port ${STARTING_PORT} --host ${HOST}"
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mdaftabsmu commented Jul 12, 2016

Hi sir ,
I am trying to create mogodb replica set remotely as service
Could you sir guide me step -by -step ..
I have to done remotely using terminal but I have to stuck as service

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Adrien-Luxey commented Feb 17, 2017

Nice! I was pretty baffled when I saw we absolutely needed to connect to the mongo shell to initiate the replica set, but now I got it!

The only difference between our setups is that I am starting docker containers, instead of instances on localhost with different ports. I will upload my script when it's done!

@mdaftabsmu , I use ansible for this kind of remote deployment. It's a bit of a hassle to learn, but totally worth it, to see your little script spawning tens or hundreds of services remotely! It's basically a toolkit to send SSH commands to a list of servers (that you can create with ansible on AWS or else), using YAML syntax. Good luck!

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Adrien-Luxey commented Feb 20, 2017

Ho, dude, I think you forgot to add configsvr: true to CONFIG, as stated here:

The configsvr field must be set to true for the config server replica set.

I know your code seemed to work without, but I guess it must be important!

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