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BASH - Installation Arch Linux on Asus ZenBook UX370U - Full disk single boot
#!/usr/bin/env bash
# French Guide :
# Install ARCH Linux with UEFI
# The official installation guide ( contains a more verbose description.
# Download the archiso image from
# Copy to a usb-drive
dd if=archlinux.img of=/dev/sdX bs=16M status=progress && sync # on linux
# Load Canadien Multilingue keyboard
# ERROR not works
#loadkeys ca_multi
# Setup the wifi
# Set fast mirror from Montreal/Quebec
# add the next line on top of file /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
# Server =$repo/os/$arch
# Update pacman package database
pacman -Sy
# Find disk and partitionned it
# show the list of device and ignore loop0, sda
# Find device /dev/nvme0n1
# Create partitions
cgdisk /dev/nvme0n1
# Manually create partition
1 100MB EFI partition # Hex code ef00
2 250MB Boot partition # Hex code 8300
3 100% size partiton # (to be encrypted) Hex code 8300
# Format partitions
mkfs.vfat -F32 /dev/nvme0n1p1
mkfs.ext2 /dev/nvme0n1p2
# Setup the encryption of the system with 256 bit effective size
cryptsetup -c aes-xts-plain64 --key-size 512 --hash sha512 --iter-time 3000 -y --use-random luksFormat /dev/nvme0n1p3
cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/nvme0n1p3 luks
# Create encrypted partitions
# Usually, create swap with same size of ram size or more (150% is the best)
# Check line "Total online memory:". In this case, it's 16G
# Usually, 20G to 40G is enough for root dependant of your usage
# Suggest to create another secret partition for critical data, can be decrypted
pvcreate /dev/mapper/luks
vgcreate vg0 /dev/mapper/luks
lvcreate --size 16G vg0 --name swap
lvcreate --size 40G vg0 --name root
lvcreate --size 4G vg0 --name secret
lvcreate -l +100%FREE vg0 --name home
# Create filesystems on encrypted partitions
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/vg0-root
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/vg0-home
mkswap /dev/mapper/vg0-swap
# Create secret filesystems
cryptsetup -c aes-xts-plain64 --key-size 512 --hash sha512 --iter-time 3000 -y --use-random luksFormat /dev/mapper/vg0-secret
cryptsetup open /dev/mapper/vg0-secret secret
mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/secret
cryptsetup close secret
# Mount the new system
mount /dev/mapper/vg0-root /mnt # /mnt is the installed system
swapon /dev/mapper/vg0-swap # Not needed but a good thing to test
# Create boot section
mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/nvme0n1p2 /mnt/boot
mkdir /mnt/boot/efi
mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /mnt/boot/efi
# Create home
mkdir /mnt/home
mount /dev/mapper/vg0-home /mnt/home
# Install the system also includes stuff needed for starting wifi when first booting into the newly installed system
# Unless vim and zsh are desired these can be removed from the command
# Install Linux LTS
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel pacman-contrib grub-efi-x86_64 zsh os-prober vim git efibootmgr dialog wpa_supplicant sudo zip unzip p7zip alsa-utils syslog-ng mtools dosfstools lsb-release ntfs-3g exfat-utils bash-completion linux-lts openssh util-linux
# 'install' fstab
genfstab -pU /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
# Make /tmp a ramdisk (add the following line to /mnt/etc/fstab)
tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=1777 0 0
# Change relatime on all non-boot partitions to noatime (reduces wear if using an SSD)
# More information about ArchLinux and ssd :
# Suggestion, use Periodic TRIM. Enable systemctl service later!
# More information from Debian :
# Enter the new system
arch-chroot /mnt /bin/bash
# Setup system clock
ln -fs /usr/share/zoneinfo/Canada/Eastern /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc --utc
# Set the hostname
echo MYHOSTNAME > /etc/hostname
# Generate locale
#Uncomment wanted locales in /etc/locale.gen
#en_CA.UTF-8 UTF-8
#ca_FR.UTF-8 UTF-8
vim /etc/locale.gen
echo LANG=en_CA.UTF-8 >> /etc/locale.conf
echo LC_ALL= >> /etc/locale.conf
echo LC_COLLATE=C >> /etc/locale.conf
# Set password for root
# Add real user remove -s flag if you don't whish to use zsh
# useradd -m -g users -G wheel,storage,power -s /bin/zsh MYUSERNAME
# Configure sudo. Use visudo to edit /etc/sudoers
# Uncomment the line "%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL"
# Configure mkinitcpio with modules needed for the initrd image
vim /etc/mkinitcpio.conf
# Add 'ext4' to MODULES
# Add 'encrypt' and 'lvm2' to HOOKS before filesystems
# Add 'resume' after 'lvm2' (also has to be after 'udev')
# Regenerate initrd image
mkinitcpio -p linux-lts
# Setup grub
mount | grep efivars &> /dev/null || mount -t efivarfs efivarfs /sys/firmware/efi/efivars
grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot/efi --bootloader-id=arch_grub --recheck
# Configure grub with luks
# In /etc/default/grub edit the line GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="cryptdevice=/dev/nvme0n1p3:luks:allow-discards"
# Bug with next command, got "Device /dev/xxx not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds", check
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
# Finalize EFI
mkdir /boot/efi/EFI/boot
cp /boot/efi/EFI/arch_grub/grubx64.efi /boot/efi/EFI/boot/bootx64.efi
# Enable fstrim for SSD
systemctl enable fstrim.timer
systemctl start fstrim.timer
# Configure TLP for energy save for laptop
pacman -S tlp networkmanager
systemctl enable tlp.service
systemctl enable tlp-sleep.service
# Do configuration "Force battery (BAT) configuration"
# add ntp and cronie
pacman -Syy ntp cronie
# Add media plugin
pacman -S gst-plugins-{base,good,bad,ugly} gst-libav
# xorg for laptop
pacman -S xorg-{server,xinit,apps} xf86-input-{mouse,keyboard} xdg-user-dirs xf86-input-libinput xf86-video-vesa xf86-video-intel
# Font
pacman -S ttf-{bitstream-vera,liberation,freefont,dejavu} freetype2
# Printer
pacman -S cups gimp gimp-help-fr hplip python-pyqt5
pacman -S foomatic-{db,db-ppds,db-gutenprint-ppds,db-nonfree,db-nonfree-ppds} gutenprint
# Libreoffice
pacman -S libreoffice-still-fr hunspell-fr
# Web navigator
pacman -S firefox-i18n-fr chromium
# Install Gnome
pacman -S gnome gnome-extra system-config-printer telepathy shotwell rhythmbox
# Enable GDM at startup
systemctl enable gdm.service
# Install Yay
cd /tmp
git clone
cd yay
makepkg -si
# Apply makepkg optimization :
# Follow guide "Building optimized binaries"
# Exit new system and go into the cd shell
# Unmount all partitions
umount -R /mnt
swapoff -a
# Reboot into the new system, don't forget to remove the cd/usb
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