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Data and analysis scripts for an article on repeatability of success in Major League Soccer. The published article describing this work has been published at http://www.massivereportdata.com/blog/2016/03/05/revisiting-the-repeatability-of-team-success/
## Data preparation
# Read in data
data <- read.csv('data.csv')
# Convert Playoffs1 and Playoffs2 to ordered factor
data$Playoffs1 <- factor(data$Playoffs1, levels = c("Did Not Qualify", "Octofinals", "Quarterfinalist", "Semifinalist", "Finalist", "Champion"))
data$Playoffs2 <- factor(data$Playoffs2, levels = c("Did Not Qualify", "Octofinals", "Quarterfinalist", "Semifinalist", "Finalist", "Champion"))
# Add duplicate Year encoding as a factor
data$Year1F <- factor(data$Year1)
data$Year2F <- factor(data$Year2)
## Plot formatting
par(
mfrow=c(1,1), # only one plot per image
new=F, # clear the plot frame before each plot
las=1, # axis labels are always horizontal
pch=21, # graphic marks are circles with separate stroke and fill colors
cex.axis = 0.7, # font size of axis marks
cex.lab = 0.85, # font size of axis labels
cex=1.2 # base font size
)
## Regular Season
# PPG from year to year
plot(data$PPG1, data$PPG2, pch=19, xlim=c(0,3), ylim=c(0,3), xlab="First year Points Per Game", ylab="Following year PPG", main="Year-over-year points per game in MLS")
abline(lm(data$PPG2~data$PPG1))
grid(lty=1,lwd=1,col="#e1e1e6")
par(new=T)
plot(data$PPG1, data$PPG2, pch=19, xlim=c(0,3), ylim=c(0,3), xlab="First year Points Per Game", ylab="Following year PPG", main="Year-over-year points per game in MLS")
text("Matt Bernhardt\n@BernhardtSoccer\nMassiveReportData.com",x=2.98,y=0.05,col="gray",adj=c(1,0))
# Linear model of PPG year to year
model <- lm(data$PPG2 ~ data$PPG1)
summary(model)
# Exploration plots of the linear model (unused in the article)
par(mfrow=c(2,2))
plot(model, pch=19)
par(mfrow=c(1,1))
## Playoffs
# Performance: playoff advancement
plot(data$Playoffs1, main="Playoff advancement over MLS history", xlab="Playoff Result", ylab="Frequency", col=rainbow(6))
# Playoff outcomes from year to year
# TODO: Rotate vertical axis labels to horizontal
plot(data$Playoffs1, data$Playoffs2, xlab="Playoff outcome", ylab="Following year outcome", main="Year-over-year playoff outcomes in MLS", col=rainbow(6))
# Histograms of next-year playoff advancements by year1 advancement
plot(
data$Playoffs2[data$Playoffs1=="Did Not Qualify"],
main="Subsequent playoff performance after missing the playoffs",
ylim=c(0,50),
col=rainbow(6)
)
plot(
data$Playoffs2[data$Playoffs1=="Octofinals"],
main="Subsequent playoff performance after losing in an octofinal / play-in",
ylim=c(0,50),
col=rainbow(6)
)
plot(
data$Playoffs2[data$Playoffs1=="Quarterfinalist"],
main="Subsequent playoff performance after losing in the quarterfinals",
ylim=c(0,50),
col=rainbow(6)
)
plot(
data$Playoffs2[data$Playoffs1=="Semifinalist"],
main="Subsequent playoff performance after losing in the semifinals",
ylim=c(0,50),
col=rainbow(6)
)
plot(
data$Playoffs2[data$Playoffs1=="Finalist"],
main="Subsequent playoff performance after losing in MLS Cup",
ylim=c(0,50),
col=rainbow(6)
)
plot(
data$Playoffs2[data$Playoffs1=="Champion"],
main="Subsequent playoff performance after winning MLS Cup",
ylim=c(0,50),
col=rainbow(6)
)
## Other explorations, not appearing in the article
# Continuing teams each year in MLS
plot(data$Year1F, main="MLS teams that returned the next year", ylab="Number of Teams", xlab="Season")
# Performance: points earned
hist(data$Pts1, main="Histogram of points earned in MLS", xlab="Points earned", ylab="Frequency", col="gray")
# Performance: points per game
hist(data$PPG1, main="Histogram of points per game in MLS", xlab="Points per game", ylab="Frequency", col="gray")
## Fun plots
# Fun plots
# TODO: Colors from team identity, rather than rainbow?
plot(data$Year1F,data$Team,xlab="Seasons",ylab="Teams",col=rainbow(21),main="Teams in Major League Soccer")
# PPG1 to PPG2 scatterplot, colored by year2 playoffs
plot(data$PPG1, data$PPG2, pch=19, xlim=c(0,3), ylim=c(0,3), xlab="Points Per Game", ylab="Following year PPG", main="Year-over-year points per game in MLS", col=data$Playoffs1)
Team Year1 Pts1 GP1 PPG1 Playoffs1 Playoffs1Int Year2 Pts2 GP2 PPG2 Playoffs2 Playoffs2Int
Colorado Rapids 1996 29 32 0.9063 Did Not Qualify 0 1997 38 32 1.1875 Finalist 4
Columbus Crew 1996 37 32 1.1563 Quarterfinalist 2 1997 39 32 1.2188 Semifinalist 3
D.C. United 1996 46 32 1.4375 Champion 5 1997 55 32 1.7188 Champion 5
FC Dallas 1996 41 32 1.2813 Quarterfinalist 2 1997 42 32 1.3125 Semifinalist 3
Los Angeles Galaxy 1996 49 32 1.5313 Finalist 4 1997 44 32 1.375 Quarterfinalist 2
New England Revolution 1996 33 32 1.0313 Did Not Qualify 0 1997 37 32 1.1563 Quarterfinalist 2
New York Red Bulls 1996 39 32 1.2188 Quarterfinalist 2 1997 35 32 1.0938 Did Not Qualify 0
San Jose Earthquakes 1996 39 32 1.2188 Quarterfinalist 2 1997 30 32 0.9375 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 1996 41 32 1.2813 Semifinalist 3 1997 49 32 1.5313 Quarterfinalist 2
Tampa Bay Mutiny 1996 58 32 1.8125 Semifinalist 3 1997 45 32 1.4063 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 1997 38 32 1.1875 Finalist 4 1998 44 32 1.375 Quarterfinalist 2
Columbus Crew 1997 39 32 1.2188 Semifinalist 3 1998 45 32 1.4063 Semifinalist 3
D.C. United 1997 55 32 1.7188 Champion 5 1998 58 32 1.8125 Finalist 4
FC Dallas 1997 42 32 1.3125 Semifinalist 3 1998 37 32 1.1563 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 1997 44 32 1.375 Quarterfinalist 2 1998 68 32 2.125 Semifinalist 3
New England Revolution 1997 37 32 1.1563 Quarterfinalist 2 1998 29 32 0.9063 Did Not Qualify 0
New York Red Bulls 1997 35 32 1.0938 Did Not Qualify 0 1998 39 32 1.2188 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 1997 30 32 0.9375 Did Not Qualify 0 1998 33 32 1.0313 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 1997 49 32 1.5313 Quarterfinalist 2 1998 32 32 1 Did Not Qualify 0
Tampa Bay Mutiny 1997 45 32 1.4063 Quarterfinalist 2 1998 34 32 1.0625 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 1998 56 32 1.75 Champion 5 1999 48 32 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 1998 44 32 1.375 Quarterfinalist 2 1999 48 32 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
Columbus Crew 1998 45 32 1.4063 Semifinalist 3 1999 45 32 1.4063 Semifinalist 3
D.C. United 1998 58 32 1.8125 Finalist 4 1999 57 32 1.7813 Champion 5
FC Dallas 1998 37 32 1.1563 Quarterfinalist 2 1999 51 32 1.5938 Semifinalist 3
Los Angeles Galaxy 1998 68 32 2.125 Semifinalist 3 1999 54 32 1.6875 Finalist 4
Miami Fusion 1998 35 32 1.0938 Quarterfinalist 2 1999 29 32 0.9063 Quarterfinalist 2
New England Revolution 1998 29 32 0.9063 Did Not Qualify 0 1999 26 32 0.8125 Did Not Qualify 0
New York Red Bulls 1998 39 32 1.2188 Quarterfinalist 2 1999 15 32 0.4688 Did Not Qualify 0
San Jose Earthquakes 1998 33 32 1.0313 Did Not Qualify 0 1999 37 32 1.1563 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 1998 32 32 1 Did Not Qualify 0 1999 20 32 0.625 Did Not Qualify 0
Tampa Bay Mutiny 1998 34 32 1.0625 Did Not Qualify 0 1999 32 32 1 Quarterfinalist 2
Chicago Fire 1999 48 32 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2 2000 57 32 1.7813 Finalist 4
Colorado Rapids 1999 48 32 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2 2000 43 32 1.3438 Quarterfinalist 2
Columbus Crew 1999 45 32 1.4063 Semifinalist 3 2000 38 32 1.1875 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 1999 57 32 1.7813 Champion 5 2000 30 32 0.9375 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 1999 51 32 1.5938 Semifinalist 3 2000 46 32 1.4375 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 1999 54 32 1.6875 Finalist 4 2000 50 32 1.5625 Semifinalist 3
Miami Fusion 1999 29 32 0.9063 Quarterfinalist 2 2000 41 32 1.2813 Did Not Qualify 0
New England Revolution 1999 26 32 0.8125 Did Not Qualify 0 2000 45 32 1.4063 Quarterfinalist 2
New York Red Bulls 1999 15 32 0.4688 Did Not Qualify 0 2000 54 32 1.6875 Semifinalist 3
San Jose Earthquakes 1999 37 32 1.1563 Did Not Qualify 0 2000 29 32 0.9063 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 1999 20 32 0.625 Did Not Qualify 0 2000 57 32 1.7813 Champion 5
Tampa Bay Mutiny 1999 32 32 1 Quarterfinalist 2 2000 52 32 1.625 Quarterfinalist 2
Chicago Fire 2000 57 32 1.7813 Finalist 4 2001 53 27 1.963 Semifinalist 3
Colorado Rapids 2000 43 32 1.3438 Quarterfinalist 2 2001 23 26 0.8846 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2000 38 32 1.1875 Did Not Qualify 0 2001 45 26 1.7308 Quarterfinalist 2
D.C. United 2000 30 32 0.9375 Did Not Qualify 0 2001 26 26 1 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2000 46 32 1.4375 Quarterfinalist 2 2001 35 26 1.3462 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 2000 50 32 1.5625 Semifinalist 3 2001 47 26 1.8077 Finalist 4
Miami Fusion 2000 41 32 1.2813 Did Not Qualify 0 2001 53 26 2.0385 Semifinalist 3
New England Revolution 2000 45 32 1.4063 Quarterfinalist 2 2001 27 27 1 Did Not Qualify 0
New York Red Bulls 2000 54 32 1.6875 Semifinalist 3 2001 42 26 1.6154 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2000 29 32 0.9063 Did Not Qualify 0 2001 45 26 1.7308 Champion 5
Sporting Kansas City 2000 57 32 1.7813 Champion 5 2001 36 27 1.3333 Quarterfinalist 2
Tampa Bay Mutiny 2000 52 32 1.625 Quarterfinalist 2 2001 14 27 0.5185 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2001 53 27 1.963 Semifinalist 3 2002 37 28 1.3214 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 2001 23 26 0.8846 Did Not Qualify 0 2002 43 28 1.5357 Semifinalist 3
Columbus Crew 2001 45 26 1.7308 Quarterfinalist 2 2002 38 28 1.3571 Semifinalist 3
D.C. United 2001 26 26 1 Did Not Qualify 0 2002 32 28 1.1429 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2001 35 26 1.3462 Quarterfinalist 2 2002 43 28 1.5357 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 2001 47 26 1.8077 Finalist 4 2002 51 28 1.8214 Champion 5
New England Revolution 2001 27 27 1 Did Not Qualify 0 2002 38 28 1.3571 Finalist 4
New York Red Bulls 2001 42 26 1.6154 Quarterfinalist 2 2002 35 28 1.25 Did Not Qualify 0
San Jose Earthquakes 2001 45 26 1.7308 Champion 5 2002 45 28 1.6071 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2001 36 27 1.3333 Quarterfinalist 2 2002 36 28 1.2857 Quarterfinalist 2
Chicago Fire 2002 37 28 1.3214 Quarterfinalist 2 2003 53 30 1.7667 Finalist 4
Colorado Rapids 2002 43 28 1.5357 Semifinalist 3 2003 40 30 1.3333 Quarterfinalist 2
Columbus Crew 2002 38 28 1.3571 Semifinalist 3 2003 38 30 1.2667 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 2002 32 28 1.1429 Did Not Qualify 0 2003 39 30 1.3 Quarterfinalist 2
FC Dallas 2002 43 28 1.5357 Quarterfinalist 2 2003 23 30 0.7667 Did Not Qualify 0
Los Angeles Galaxy 2002 51 28 1.8214 Champion 5 2003 36 30 1.2 Quarterfinalist 2
New England Revolution 2002 38 28 1.3571 Finalist 4 2003 45 30 1.5 Semifinalist 3
New York Red Bulls 2002 35 28 1.25 Did Not Qualify 0 2003 42 30 1.4 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2002 45 28 1.6071 Quarterfinalist 2 2003 51 30 1.7 Champion 5
Sporting Kansas City 2002 36 28 1.2857 Quarterfinalist 2 2003 42 30 1.4 Semifinalist 3
Chicago Fire 2003 53 30 1.7667 Finalist 4 2004 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2003 40 30 1.3333 Quarterfinalist 2 2004 41 30 1.3667 Quarterfinalist 2
Columbus Crew 2003 38 30 1.2667 Did Not Qualify 0 2004 49 30 1.6333 Quarterfinalist 2
D.C. United 2003 39 30 1.3 Quarterfinalist 2 2004 42 30 1.4 Champion 5
FC Dallas 2003 23 30 0.7667 Did Not Qualify 0 2004 36 30 1.2 Did Not Qualify 0
Los Angeles Galaxy 2003 36 30 1.2 Quarterfinalist 2 2004 43 30 1.4333 Semifinalist 3
New England Revolution 2003 45 30 1.5 Semifinalist 3 2004 33 30 1.1 Semifinalist 3
New York Red Bulls 2003 42 30 1.4 Quarterfinalist 2 2004 40 30 1.3333 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2003 51 30 1.7 Champion 5 2004 38 30 1.2667 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2003 42 30 1.4 Semifinalist 3 2004 49 30 1.6333 Finalist 4
Chicago Fire 2004 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0 2005 49 32 1.5313 Semifinalist 3
Colorado Rapids 2004 41 30 1.3667 Quarterfinalist 2 2005 45 32 1.4063 Semifinalist 3
Columbus Crew 2004 49 30 1.6333 Quarterfinalist 2 2005 38 32 1.1875 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 2004 42 30 1.4 Champion 5 2005 54 32 1.6875 Quarterfinalist 2
FC Dallas 2004 36 30 1.2 Did Not Qualify 0 2005 48 32 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 2004 43 30 1.4333 Semifinalist 3 2005 45 32 1.4063 Champion 5
New England Revolution 2004 33 30 1.1 Semifinalist 3 2005 59 32 1.8438 Finalist 4
New York Red Bulls 2004 40 30 1.3333 Quarterfinalist 2 2005 47 32 1.4688 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2004 38 30 1.2667 Quarterfinalist 2 2005 64 32 2 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2004 49 30 1.6333 Finalist 4 2005 45 32 1.4063 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2005 49 32 1.5313 Semifinalist 3 2006 47 32 1.4688 Quarterfinalist 2
Chivas USA 2005 18 32 0.5625 Did Not Qualify 0 2006 43 32 1.3438 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 2005 45 32 1.4063 Semifinalist 3 2006 41 32 1.2813 Semifinalist 3
Columbus Crew 2005 38 32 1.1875 Did Not Qualify 0 2006 33 32 1.0313 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 2005 54 32 1.6875 Quarterfinalist 2 2006 55 32 1.7188 Semifinalist 3
FC Dallas 2005 48 32 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2 2006 52 32 1.625 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 2005 45 32 1.4063 Champion 5 2006 39 32 1.2188 Did Not Qualify 0
New England Revolution 2005 59 32 1.8438 Finalist 4 2006 48 32 1.5 Finalist 4
New York Red Bulls 2005 47 32 1.4688 Quarterfinalist 2 2006 39 32 1.2188 Quarterfinalist 2
Real Salt Lake 2005 20 32 0.625 Did Not Qualify 0 2006 39 32 1.2188 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 2005 45 32 1.4063 Did Not Qualify 0 2006 38 32 1.1875 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2006 47 32 1.4688 Quarterfinalist 2 2007 40 30 1.3333 Semifinalist 3
Chivas USA 2006 43 32 1.3438 Quarterfinalist 2 2007 53 30 1.7667 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 2006 41 32 1.2813 Semifinalist 3 2007 35 30 1.1667 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2006 33 32 1.0313 Did Not Qualify 0 2007 37 30 1.2333 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 2006 55 32 1.7188 Semifinalist 3 2007 55 30 1.8333 Quarterfinalist 2
FC Dallas 2006 52 32 1.625 Quarterfinalist 2 2007 44 30 1.4667 Quarterfinalist 2
Houston Dynamo 2006 46 32 1.4375 Champion 5 2007 52 30 1.7333 Champion 5
Los Angeles Galaxy 2006 39 32 1.2188 Did Not Qualify 0 2007 34 30 1.1333 Did Not Qualify 0
New England Revolution 2006 48 32 1.5 Finalist 4 2007 50 30 1.6667 Finalist 4
New York Red Bulls 2006 39 32 1.2188 Quarterfinalist 2 2007 43 30 1.4333 Quarterfinalist 2
Real Salt Lake 2006 39 32 1.2188 Did Not Qualify 0 2007 27 30 0.9 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 2006 38 32 1.1875 Did Not Qualify 0 2007 40 30 1.3333 Semifinalist 3
Chicago Fire 2007 40 30 1.3333 Semifinalist 3 2008 46 30 1.5333 Semifinalist 3
Chivas USA 2007 53 30 1.7667 Quarterfinalist 2 2008 43 30 1.4333 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 2007 35 30 1.1667 Did Not Qualify 0 2008 38 30 1.2667 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2007 37 30 1.2333 Did Not Qualify 0 2008 57 30 1.9 Champion 5
D.C. United 2007 55 30 1.8333 Quarterfinalist 2 2008 37 30 1.2333 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2007 44 30 1.4667 Quarterfinalist 2 2008 36 30 1.2 Did Not Qualify 0
Houston Dynamo 2007 52 30 1.7333 Champion 5 2008 51 30 1.7 Quarterfinalist 2
Los Angeles Galaxy 2007 34 30 1.1333 Did Not Qualify 0 2008 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0
New England Revolution 2007 50 30 1.6667 Finalist 4 2008 43 30 1.4333 Quarterfinalist 2
New York Red Bulls 2007 43 30 1.4333 Quarterfinalist 2 2008 39 30 1.3 Finalist 4
Real Salt Lake 2007 27 30 0.9 Did Not Qualify 0 2008 40 30 1.3333 Semifinalist 3
Sporting Kansas City 2007 40 30 1.3333 Semifinalist 3 2008 42 30 1.4 Quarterfinalist 2
Toronto FC 2007 25 30 0.8333 Did Not Qualify 0 2008 35 30 1.1667 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2008 46 30 1.5333 Semifinalist 3 2009 45 30 1.5 Semifinalist 3
Chivas USA 2008 43 30 1.4333 Quarterfinalist 2 2009 45 30 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
Colorado Rapids 2008 38 30 1.2667 Did Not Qualify 0 2009 40 30 1.3333 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2008 57 30 1.9 Champion 5 2009 49 30 1.6333 Quarterfinalist 2
D.C. United 2008 37 30 1.2333 Did Not Qualify 0 2009 40 30 1.3333 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2008 36 30 1.2 Did Not Qualify 0 2009 39 30 1.3 Did Not Qualify 0
Houston Dynamo 2008 51 30 1.7 Quarterfinalist 2 2009 48 30 1.6 Semifinalist 3
Los Angeles Galaxy 2008 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0 2009 48 30 1.6 Finalist 4
New England Revolution 2008 43 30 1.4333 Quarterfinalist 2 2009 42 30 1.4 Quarterfinalist 2
New York Red Bulls 2008 39 30 1.3 Finalist 4 2009 21 30 0.7 Did Not Qualify 0
Real Salt Lake 2008 40 30 1.3333 Semifinalist 3 2009 40 30 1.3333 Champion 5
San Jose Earthquakes 2008 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0 2009 30 30 1 Did Not Qualify 0
Sporting Kansas City 2008 42 30 1.4 Quarterfinalist 2 2009 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0
Toronto FC 2008 35 30 1.1667 Did Not Qualify 0 2009 39 30 1.3 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2009 45 30 1.5 Semifinalist 3 2010 36 30 1.2 Did Not Qualify 0
Chivas USA 2009 45 30 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2 2010 28 30 0.9333 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2009 40 30 1.3333 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 46 30 1.5333 Champion 5
Columbus Crew 2009 49 30 1.6333 Quarterfinalist 2 2010 50 30 1.6667 Quarterfinalist 2
D.C. United 2009 40 30 1.3333 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 22 30 0.7333 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2009 39 30 1.3 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 50 30 1.6667 Finalist 4
Houston Dynamo 2009 48 30 1.6 Semifinalist 3 2010 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0
Los Angeles Galaxy 2009 48 30 1.6 Finalist 4 2010 59 30 1.9667 Semifinalist 3
New England Revolution 2009 42 30 1.4 Quarterfinalist 2 2010 32 30 1.0667 Did Not Qualify 0
New York Red Bulls 2009 21 30 0.7 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 51 30 1.7 Quarterfinalist 2
Real Salt Lake 2009 40 30 1.3333 Champion 5 2010 56 30 1.8667 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2009 30 30 1 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 46 30 1.5333 Semifinalist 3
Seattle Sounders 2009 47 30 1.5667 Quarterfinalist 2 2010 48 30 1.6 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2009 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 39 30 1.3 Did Not Qualify 0
Toronto FC 2009 39 30 1.3 Did Not Qualify 0 2010 35 30 1.1667 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2010 36 30 1.2 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 43 34 1.2647 Did Not Qualify 0
Chivas USA 2010 28 30 0.9333 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 36 34 1.0588 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2010 46 30 1.5333 Champion 5 2011 49 34 1.4412 Quarterfinalist 2
Columbus Crew 2010 50 30 1.6667 Quarterfinalist 2 2011 47 34 1.3824 Octofinals 1
D.C. United 2010 22 30 0.7333 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 39 34 1.1471 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2010 50 30 1.6667 Finalist 4 2011 52 34 1.5294 Octofinals 1
Houston Dynamo 2010 33 30 1.1 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 49 34 1.4412 Finalist 4
Los Angeles Galaxy 2010 59 30 1.9667 Semifinalist 3 2011 67 34 1.9706 Champion 5
New England Revolution 2010 32 30 1.0667 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 28 34 0.8235 Did Not Qualify 0
New York Red Bulls 2010 51 30 1.7 Quarterfinalist 2 2011 46 34 1.3529 Quarterfinalist 2
Philadelphia Union 2010 31 30 1.0333 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 48 34 1.4118 Quarterfinalist 2
Real Salt Lake 2010 56 30 1.8667 Quarterfinalist 2 2011 53 34 1.5588 Semifinalist 3
San Jose Earthquakes 2010 46 30 1.5333 Semifinalist 3 2011 38 34 1.1176 Did Not Qualify 0
Seattle Sounders 2010 48 30 1.6 Quarterfinalist 2 2011 63 34 1.8529 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2010 39 30 1.3 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 51 34 1.5 Semifinalist 3
Toronto FC 2010 35 30 1.1667 Did Not Qualify 0 2011 33 34 0.9706 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2011 43 34 1.2647 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 57 34 1.6765 Octofinals 1
Chivas USA 2011 36 34 1.0588 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 30 34 0.8824 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2011 49 34 1.4412 Quarterfinalist 2 2012 37 34 1.0882 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2011 47 34 1.3824 Octofinals 1 2012 52 34 1.5294 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 2011 39 34 1.1471 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 58 34 1.7059 Semifinalist 3
FC Dallas 2011 52 34 1.5294 Octofinals 1 2012 39 34 1.1471 Did Not Qualify 0
Houston Dynamo 2011 49 34 1.4412 Finalist 4 2012 53 34 1.5588 Finalist 4
Los Angeles Galaxy 2011 67 34 1.9706 Champion 5 2012 54 34 1.5882 Champion 5
New England Revolution 2011 28 34 0.8235 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 35 34 1.0294 Did Not Qualify 0
New York Red Bulls 2011 46 34 1.3529 Quarterfinalist 2 2012 57 34 1.6765 Quarterfinalist 2
Philadelphia Union 2011 48 34 1.4118 Quarterfinalist 2 2012 36 34 1.0588 Did Not Qualify 0
Portland Timbers 2011 42 34 1.2353 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 34 34 1 Did Not Qualify 0
Real Salt Lake 2011 53 34 1.5588 Semifinalist 3 2012 57 34 1.6765 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2011 38 34 1.1176 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 66 34 1.9412 Quarterfinalist 2
Seattle Sounders 2011 63 34 1.8529 Quarterfinalist 2 2012 56 34 1.6471 Semifinalist 3
Sporting Kansas City 2011 51 34 1.5 Semifinalist 3 2012 63 34 1.8529 Quarterfinalist 2
Toronto FC 2011 33 34 0.9706 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 23 34 0.6765 Did Not Qualify 0
Vancouver Whitecaps 2011 28 34 0.8235 Did Not Qualify 0 2012 43 34 1.2647 Octofinals 1
Chicago Fire 2012 57 34 1.6765 Octofinals 1 2013 49 34 1.4412 Did Not Qualify 0
Chivas USA 2012 30 34 0.8824 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 26 34 0.7647 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2012 37 34 1.0882 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 51 34 1.5 Octofinals 1
Columbus Crew 2012 52 34 1.5294 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 41 34 1.2059 Did Not Qualify 0
D.C. United 2012 58 34 1.7059 Semifinalist 3 2013 16 34 0.4706 Did Not Qualify 0
FC Dallas 2012 39 34 1.1471 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 44 34 1.2941 Did Not Qualify 0
Houston Dynamo 2012 53 34 1.5588 Finalist 4 2013 51 34 1.5 Semifinalist 3
Los Angeles Galaxy 2012 54 34 1.5882 Champion 5 2013 53 34 1.5588 Quarterfinalist 2
Montreal Impact 2012 42 34 1.2353 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 49 34 1.4412 Octofinals 1
New England Revolution 2012 35 34 1.0294 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 51 34 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
New York Red Bulls 2012 57 34 1.6765 Quarterfinalist 2 2013 59 34 1.7353 Quarterfinalist 2
Philadelphia Union 2012 36 34 1.0588 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 46 34 1.3529 Did Not Qualify 0
Portland Timbers 2012 34 34 1 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 57 34 1.6765 Semifinalist 3
Real Salt Lake 2012 57 34 1.6765 Quarterfinalist 2 2013 56 34 1.6471 Finalist 4
San Jose Earthquakes 2012 66 34 1.9412 Quarterfinalist 2 2013 51 34 1.5 Did Not Qualify 0
Seattle Sounders 2012 56 34 1.6471 Semifinalist 3 2013 52 34 1.5294 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2012 63 34 1.8529 Quarterfinalist 2 2013 58 34 1.7059 Champion 5
Toronto FC 2012 23 34 0.6765 Did Not Qualify 0 2013 29 34 0.8529 Did Not Qualify 0
Vancouver Whitecaps 2012 43 34 1.2647 Octofinals 1 2013 48 34 1.4118 Did Not Qualify 0
Chicago Fire 2013 49 34 1.4412 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 36 34 1.0588 Did Not Qualify 0
Chivas USA 2013 26 34 0.7647 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 33 34 0.9706 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2013 51 34 1.5 Octofinals 1 2014 32 34 0.9412 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2013 41 34 1.2059 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 52 34 1.5294 Quarterfinalist 2
D.C. United 2013 16 34 0.4706 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 59 34 1.7353 Quarterfinalist 2
FC Dallas 2013 44 34 1.2941 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 54 34 1.5882 Quarterfinalist 2
Houston Dynamo 2013 51 34 1.5 Semifinalist 3 2014 39 34 1.1471 Did Not Qualify 0
Los Angeles Galaxy 2013 53 34 1.5588 Quarterfinalist 2 2014 61 34 1.7941 Champion 5
Montreal Impact 2013 49 34 1.4412 Octofinals 1 2014 28 34 0.8235 Did Not Qualify 0
New England Revolution 2013 51 34 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2 2014 55 34 1.6176 Finalist 4
New York Red Bulls 2013 59 34 1.7353 Quarterfinalist 2 2014 50 34 1.4706 Semifinalist 3
Philadelphia Union 2013 46 34 1.3529 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 42 34 1.2353 Did Not Qualify 0
Portland Timbers 2013 57 34 1.6765 Semifinalist 3 2014 49 34 1.4412 Did Not Qualify 0
Real Salt Lake 2013 56 34 1.6471 Finalist 4 2014 56 34 1.6471 Quarterfinalist 2
San Jose Earthquakes 2013 51 34 1.5 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 30 34 0.8824 Did Not Qualify 0
Seattle Sounders 2013 52 34 1.5294 Quarterfinalist 2 2014 64 34 1.8824 Semifinalist 3
Sporting Kansas City 2013 58 34 1.7059 Champion 5 2014 49 34 1.4412 Octofinals 1
Toronto FC 2013 29 34 0.8529 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 41 34 1.2059 Did Not Qualify 0
Vancouver Whitecaps 2013 48 34 1.4118 Did Not Qualify 0 2014 50 34 1.4706 Octofinals 1
Chicago Fire 2014 36 34 1.0588 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 30 34 0.8824 Did Not Qualify 0
Colorado Rapids 2014 32 34 0.9412 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 37 34 1.0882 Did Not Qualify 0
Columbus Crew 2014 52 34 1.5294 Quarterfinalist 2 2015 53 34 1.5588 Finalist 4
D.C. United 2014 59 34 1.7353 Quarterfinalist 2 2015 51 34 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
FC Dallas 2014 54 34 1.5882 Quarterfinalist 2 2015 60 34 1.7647 Semifinalist 3
Houston Dynamo 2014 39 34 1.1471 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 42 34 1.2353 Did Not Qualify 0
Los Angeles Galaxy 2014 61 34 1.7941 Champion 5 2015 51 34 1.5 Octofinals 1
Montreal Impact 2014 28 34 0.8235 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 51 34 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
New England Revolution 2014 55 34 1.6176 Finalist 4 2015 50 34 1.4706 Octofinals 1
New York Red Bulls 2014 50 34 1.4706 Semifinalist 3 2015 60 34 1.7647 Semifinalist 3
Philadelphia Union 2014 42 34 1.2353 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 37 34 1.0882 Did Not Qualify 0
Portland Timbers 2014 49 34 1.4412 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 53 34 1.5588 Champion 5
Real Salt Lake 2014 56 34 1.6471 Quarterfinalist 2 2015 41 34 1.2059 Did Not Qualify 0
San Jose Earthquakes 2014 30 34 0.8824 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 47 34 1.3824 Did Not Qualify 0
Seattle Sounders 2014 64 34 1.8824 Semifinalist 3 2015 51 34 1.5 Quarterfinalist 2
Sporting Kansas City 2014 49 34 1.4412 Octofinals 1 2015 51 34 1.5 Octofinals 1
Toronto FC 2014 41 34 1.2059 Did Not Qualify 0 2015 49 34 1.4412 Octofinals 1
Vancouver Whitecaps 2014 50 34 1.4706 Octofinals 1 2015 53 34 1.5588 Quarterfinalist 2
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