Note: d3-selection 1.4 introduced selection.join which greatly simplifies the general update pattern! This series of examples is useful for understanding how joins work in D3, but I recommend you use selection.join in practice.
This example demonstrates D3’s general update pattern, where a data-join is followed by operations on the enter, update and exit selections. Entering elements are shown in green, while updating elements are shown in black. Exiting elements are removed immediately, so they're invisible.
This example does not use a key function for the data-join, so elements may change their associated letter. Entering elements are always added to the end: when the new data has more letters than the old data, new elements are entered to display the new letters. Likewise, exiting letters are always removed from the end when the new data has fewer letters than the old data.
Next: Key Functions