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Last active May 8, 2019 11:54
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Hello WebGL IV
license: gpl-3.0
<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<canvas width="960" height="500"></canvas>
<script id="vertex-shader" type="x-shader/x-vertex">
attribute vec2 a_position;
void main(void) {
gl_Position = vec4(a_position, 0.0, 1.0);
<script id="fragment-shader" type="x-shader/x-fragment">
precision mediump float;
uniform sampler2D u_image;
uniform vec2 u_size;
void main(void) {
gl_FragColor = texture2D(u_image, vec2(gl_FragCoord.x / u_size.x, 1.0 - gl_FragCoord.y / u_size.y));
// Select the canvas from the document.
var canvas = document.querySelector("canvas");
// Create the WebGL context, with fallback for experimental support.
var context = canvas.getContext("webgl")
|| canvas.getContext("experimental-webgl");
// Compile the vertex shader.
var vertexShader = context.createShader(context.VERTEX_SHADER);
context.shaderSource(vertexShader, document.querySelector("#vertex-shader").textContent);
if (!context.getShaderParameter(vertexShader, context.COMPILE_STATUS)) throw new Error(context.getShaderInfoLog(vertexShader));
// Compile the fragment shader.
var fragmentShader = context.createShader(context.FRAGMENT_SHADER);
context.shaderSource(fragmentShader, document.querySelector("#fragment-shader").textContent);
if (!context.getShaderParameter(fragmentShader, context.COMPILE_STATUS)) throw new Error(context.getShaderInfoLog(fragmentShader));
// Link and use the program.
var program = context.createProgram();
context.attachShader(program, vertexShader);
context.attachShader(program, fragmentShader);
if (!context.getProgramParameter(program, context.LINK_STATUS)) throw new Error(context.getProgramInfoLog(program));
// Define the positions (as vec2) of the square that covers the canvas.
var positionBuffer = context.createBuffer();
context.bindBuffer(context.ARRAY_BUFFER, positionBuffer);
context.bufferData(context.ARRAY_BUFFER, new Float32Array([
-1.0, -1.0,
+1.0, -1.0,
+1.0, +1.0,
-1.0, +1.0
]), context.STATIC_DRAW);
// Bind the position buffer to the position attribute.
var positionAttribute = context.getAttribLocation(program, "a_position");
context.vertexAttribPointer(positionAttribute, 2, context.FLOAT, false, 0, 0);
// Load the reference image.
var image = new Image;
image.src = "mandrill.jpg";
image.onload = loaded;
// When the image is loaded…
function loaded() {
// Define the size.
var sizeUniform = context.getUniformLocation(program, "u_size");
context.uniform2fv(sizeUniform, [image.width, image.height]);
// Create a texture.
var texture = context.createTexture();
context.bindTexture(context.TEXTURE_2D, texture);
context.texParameteri(context.TEXTURE_2D, context.TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, context.NEAREST);
context.texParameteri(context.TEXTURE_2D, context.TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, context.NEAREST);
context.texImage2D(context.TEXTURE_2D, 0, context.RGBA, context.RGBA, context.UNSIGNED_BYTE, image);
// Draw the square!
context.drawArrays(context.TRIANGLE_FAN, 0, 4);
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