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Last active February 2, 2021 04:59
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Build Your Own Graph!
license: gpl-3.0
redirect: https://observablehq.com/@d3/build-your-own-graph

Click to add nodes! Nodes near the cursor will be linked to the new node.

D3's force layout uses the Barnes–Hut approximation to compute repulsive charge forces between all nodes efficiently. Links are implemented as geometric constraints on top of position Verlet integration, offering greater stability. A virtual spring between each node and the center of the chart prevents nodes from drifting into space.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
rect {
fill: none;
pointer-events: all;
}
.node {
fill: #000;
}
.cursor {
fill: none;
stroke: brown;
pointer-events: none;
}
.link {
stroke: #999;
}
</style>
<body>
<script src="//d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js"></script>
<script>
var width = 960,
height = 500;
var fill = d3.scale.category20();
var force = d3.layout.force()
.size([width, height])
.nodes([{}]) // initialize with a single node
.linkDistance(30)
.charge(-60)
.on("tick", tick);
var svg = d3.select("body").append("svg")
.attr("width", width)
.attr("height", height)
.on("mousemove", mousemove)
.on("mousedown", mousedown);
svg.append("rect")
.attr("width", width)
.attr("height", height);
var nodes = force.nodes(),
links = force.links(),
node = svg.selectAll(".node"),
link = svg.selectAll(".link");
var cursor = svg.append("circle")
.attr("r", 30)
.attr("transform", "translate(-100,-100)")
.attr("class", "cursor");
restart();
function mousemove() {
cursor.attr("transform", "translate(" + d3.mouse(this) + ")");
}
function mousedown() {
var point = d3.mouse(this),
node = {x: point[0], y: point[1]},
n = nodes.push(node);
// add links to any nearby nodes
nodes.forEach(function(target) {
var x = target.x - node.x,
y = target.y - node.y;
if (Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) < 30) {
links.push({source: node, target: target});
}
});
restart();
}
function tick() {
link.attr("x1", function(d) { return d.source.x; })
.attr("y1", function(d) { return d.source.y; })
.attr("x2", function(d) { return d.target.x; })
.attr("y2", function(d) { return d.target.y; });
node.attr("cx", function(d) { return d.x; })
.attr("cy", function(d) { return d.y; });
}
function restart() {
link = link.data(links);
link.enter().insert("line", ".node")
.attr("class", "link");
node = node.data(nodes);
node.enter().insert("circle", ".cursor")
.attr("class", "node")
.attr("r", 5)
.call(force.drag);
force.start();
}
</script>
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