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@mhevery
Last active November 21, 2022 09:53
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Angular microsyntax gramar

Microsyntax

Microsyntax in Angular allows you to write <div *ngFor="let item of items">{{item}}</div> instead of <ng-template ngFor [ngForOf]="items"><div>{{item}}</div></ng-template.

Constraints

The microsyntax must:

  • be know ahead of time so that IDEs can parse it without knowing what is the underlying semantics of the directive or what directives are present.
  • must translate to key-value attributes in the DOM.

Gramar

*:prefix="( :let | :expression ) (';' | ',')? ( :let | :as | :keyExp )*"

  • :prefix: HTML attribute key.
  • :key: HTML attribute key.
  • :local: local variable name used in the template.
  • :export: value exported by the directive under a given name.
  • :experession: standard angular expression
  • :keyExp = :key ":"? :expression ("as" :local)? ";"?
  • :let = "let" :local "=" :export ";"?
  • :as = :export "as" :local ";"?

Traslation

A microsyntax is translated to the normal binding syntax as follows:

  • :prefix and naked :expression translate to [prefix]="expression"
  • :keyExp - [prefixKey]="expression" (let-prefixKey="export") Notice that the prefix is added to the key
  • :let - let-local="export"
  • :as - let-local="export"

Example

  • *ngFor="let item of [1,2,3]"
    • <ng-template ngFor let-item [ngForOf]="[1,2,3]">
  • *ngFor="let item of [1,2,3] as items; trackBy: myTrack; index as i"
    • <ng-template ngFor let-item [ngForOf]="[1,2,3]" let-items="ngForOf" [ngForTrackBy]="myTrack" let-i="index">
  • *ngIf="exp"
    • <ng-template [ngIf]="exp">
  • *ngIf="exp as value"
    • <ng-template [ngIf]="exp" let-value="ngIf">
@crutchcorn
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I turned this gist into a fairly comprehensive blog post that explains templates in depth, the micro-syntax (including charts for these "regex"s) and even some insight into ngIf and ngFor source (including writing our own rudimentary versions of each)

The charts that I converted from this gist are here:
https://unicorn-utterances.com/posts/angular-templates-start-to-source/#microsyntax-rules

@ssuperczynski

@mojtabadarzi
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please edit
<ng-template ngFor [ngForOf]="items"><div>{{item}}</div></ng-template
to
<ng-template ngFor let-item [ngForOf]="items"><div>{{item}}</div></ng-template>

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