#Bash Keyboard Shortcuts
Ctrl + a Go to the beginning of the line (Home) Ctrl + e Go to the End of the line (End) Ctrl + p Previous command (Up arrow) Ctrl + n Next command (Down arrow) Alt + b Back (left) one word Alt + f Forward (right) one word Ctrl + f Forward one character Ctrl + b Backward one character Ctrl + xx Toggle between the start of line and current cursor position
Ctrl + l Clear the Screen, similar to the clear command Ctrl + u Cut/delete the line before the cursor position. Alt + Del Delete the Word before the cursor. Alt + d Delete the Word after the cursor. Ctrl + d Delete character under the cursor Ctrl + h Delete character before the cursor (Backspace) Ctrl + w Cut the Word before the cursor to the clipboard. Ctrl + k Cut the Line after the cursor to the clipboard. Alt + t Swap current word with previous Ctrl + t Swap the last two characters before the cursor (typo). Esc + t Swap the last two words before the cursor. Ctrl + y Paste the last thing to be cut (yank) Alt + u UPPER capitalize every character from the cursor to the end of the current word. Alt + l Lower the case of every character from the cursor to the end of the current word. Alt + c Capitalize the character under the cursor and move to the end of the word. Alt + r Cancel the changes and put back the line as it was in the history (revert). Ctrl + _ Undo TAB Tab completion for file/directory names
Ctrl + r Recall the last command including the specified character(s) searches the command history as you type. Equivalent to : vim ~/.bash_history. Ctrl + p Previous command in history (i.e. walk back through the command history) Ctrl + n Next command in history (i.e. walk forward through the command history) Ctrl + s Go back to the next most recent command. (beware to not execute it from a terminal because this will also launch its XOFF). Ctrl + o Execute the command found via Ctrl+r or Ctrl+s Ctrl + g Escape from history searching mode !! Repeat last command !abc Run last command starting with abc !abc:p Print last command starting with abc !$ Last argument of previous command ALT + . Last argument of previous command !* All arguments of previous command ^abc^def Run previous command, replacing abc with def
Ctrl + C Interrupt/Kill whatever you are running (SIGINT) Ctrl + l Clear the screen Ctrl + s Stop output to the screen (for long running verbose commands) Ctrl + q Allow output to the screen (if previously stopped using command above) Ctrl + D Send an EOF marker, unless disabled by an option, this will close the current shell (EXIT) Ctrl + Z Send the signal SIGTSTP to the current task, which suspends it. To return to it later enter fg 'process name' (foreground).
###Emacs mode vs Vi Mode
All the above assume that bash is running in the default Emacs setting, if you prefer this can be switched to Vi shortcuts instead.
####Set Vi Mode in bash:
$ set -o vi
####Set Emacs Mode in bash:
$ set -o emacs