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Last active May 15, 2024 18:05
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Pushing your first project to github

1. Make sure git is tracking your project locally

Do you need a refresher on git? Go through Codecademy's git course.

  1. Using your terminal/command line, get inside the folder where your project files are kept: cd /path/to/my/codebase. → You cannot do this simply by opening the folder normally, you must do this with the command line/terminal.
    → Do you need a refresher on using your command line/terminal? I've compiled my favorite resources here.

  2. Check if git is already initialized: git status
    If you get this error message: fatal: Not a git repository (or any of the parent directories): .git, that means the folder you are currently in is not being tracked by git. In that case, initialize git inside your project folder and make your first commit:

    git init
    git add .
    git commit -m "initial commit"

    → If you get another error message, read carefully what it says.

    • Is it saying git isn't installed on your computer by saying that the word 'git' is not recognized?
    • Is it saying that you're already in a folder or sub-folder where git is initialized?
    • Google the error output to understand it, and to figure out how to fix it.

2. Create a remote, empty folder/repository on Github.

  1. Login to your Github account.

  2. At the top right of any Github page, you should see a '+' icon. Click that, then select 'New Repository'.

  3. Give your repository a name--ideally the same name as your local project. If I'm building a travel application, its folder will be called 'travel-app' on my computer, and 'travel-app' will be the Github repository name as well.

  4. Click 'Create Repository'. The next screen you see will be important, so don't close it.


3. Connect your local project folder to your empty folder/repository on Github.

The screen you should be seeing now on Github is titled 'Quick setup — if you’ve done this kind of thing before'.

  1. Copy the link in the input right beneath the title, it should look something like this: https://github.com/yourname/yourproject.git
    This is the web address that your local folder will use to push its contents to the remote folder on Github.

  2. Go back to your project in the terminal/command line.

  3. In your terminal/command line, type git remote add origin [copied web address] Example: git remote add origin https://github.com/yourname/yourproject.git

  4. Push your branch to Github: git push -u origin main

  5. Go back to the folder/repository screen on Github that you just left, and refresh it. The title 'Quick setup — if you’ve done this kind of thing before' should disappear, and you should see your files there.

@MohammadWaris
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MohammadWaris commented Jan 9, 2024

Page needs update. 2/5/22. It's why people are getting errors since the master/main default conversion.

If "git push origin master" produces error "src refspec master does not match any error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/..."

Instead try "git push origin main"

There was general default update from 'master' to 'main'.... but that has not yet propagated to this page.

"... your terminal/command line, type git remote add origin [copied web address] Example: git remote add origin https://github.com/mindplace/test-repo.git Push your branch to Github: git push origin master"

The last word "master" should now (if defaults are used) be "main"

Thank you. Have a great day.

I have tried too many times it always asks me the authentication despite I am typing the correct email and password but it is not accepting, could you please guide me??
Thank you so much !
C:\Users\M.W.Khaliqyar\Desktop\new_Git_Practice>git push origin master
Logon failed, use ctrl+c to cancel basic credential prompt.
Username for 'https://github.com': MohammadWaris
Password for 'https://MohammadWaris@github.com':
remote: Support for password authentication was removed on August 13, 2021.
remote: Please see https://docs.github.com/en/get-started/getting-started-with-git/about-remote-repositories#cloning-with-https-urls for information on currently recommended modes of authentication.
fatal: Authentication failed for 'https://github.com/MohammadWaris/practice.git/'

@seamusdemora
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@houserockr

It took me hours to realise that master is now main on github. Whose idea was this????? F***ing stupid!

Couldn't agree more. This is apparently an element of GitHub's "I'm Late to the Woke Party" bullshit... 'cause some will find the word "master" offensive. I'm beginning to wonder about GitHub... if this sort of thing is what they're focused on I'll be forced to find another website.

FWIW - I think this is "The MS Influence". I was prompted recently to add my "pronouns"... OK - I've complied with that request :)

@dgsung
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dgsung commented Mar 28, 2024 via email

@muhammadalizkhan
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If you still run into this issue in 2022...i.e you want to push an existing repository from your VSCode

...best to follow this pact

1. Create an empty repo(don't tick the 'CREATE README" option) on GitHub
2. git remote add origin <repo URL ie https://github.com/(your Github name)/repo name.git>
3. git branch -M main
4. git push -u origin main

This should work perfectly!!!

! [rejected] main -> main (non-fast-forward)
error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/muhammadalizkhan/DairyPureAppHome.git'
hint: Updates were rejected because the tip of your current branch is behind
hint: its remote counterpart. Integrate the remote changes (e.g.
hint: 'git pull ...') before pushing again.
hint: See the 'Note about fast-forwards' in 'git push --help' for details.

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