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Nonebot2 HEU 平安行动打卡插件,基于 Playwright 的模拟浏览器操作,无需 formData 等数据。但是务必保证事先填写并提交了一遍正确数据!代码仅学习使用
import nonebot
from nonebot import require
from nonebot.adapters.cqhttp import Bot, Message
from nonebot.adapters.cqhttp.event import MessageEvent
from nonebot.log import logger
from nonebot.plugin import on_command
from nonebot.typing import T_State
import time
from playwright.async_api import async_playwright
# 使用前需要自行安装 playwright 和 nonebot_plugin_apscheduler
# 然后使用 python3 -m playwright install 给 playwright 安装浏览器包
# 将此文件放入 src/plugins 文件夹下重启 nonebot2 机器人
customers = {
# "QQ 号码": ["HEU 认证学号", "HEU 认证密码", "名字"]
"123456789": ["2018010101", "01016789", "张三"],
"789456123": ["2018010102", "08084567", "李四"],
}
ADMIN = "管理员QQ号码" # 用于提供报错
GROUPNUMBER = "大伙的QQ群号码" # 用于提醒用户
ckMatch = on_command('打卡', priority=1)
@ckMatch.handle()
async def send_checkin(bot: Bot, event: MessageEvent, state: T_State):
id = str(event.get_user_id())
if customers[id] is not None:
# 如果发送「打卡」命令的用户 QQ 在上方已经有对应的 HEU 认证学号和密码则自动取出
await ckMatch.send(f"嘿您猜怎么着?我已经通过意念检测到你的学号和密码了,稍等!", at_sender=True)
(username, password) = (customers[id][0], customers[id][1])
else:
# 如果发送「打卡」命令的用户 QQ 在上方没有对应的 HEU 认证学号和密码,根据输入判断
input = event.get_plaintext().split(' ', 2)
if len(input) == 2:
# 检测到输入格式为「打卡 2018020202 pAsSwOrD」依次取出学号和密码
(username, password) = (input[0], input[1])
await ckMatch.send(Message("好的,收到你的学号和密码了,正在处理!over over.."), at_sender=True)
else:
# 检测到无法识别的格式,返回提示,结束
await ckMatch.finish(Message("[CQ:face,id=244] 不告诉我名字和密码怎么行呢!请使用如下格式提交:\n打卡[空格]学号[空格]密码"), at_sender=True)
# 异步执行单次打卡任务
msg = await checkin(username, password, "single")
if msg is not None:
# 执行成功,返回提示
await ckMatch.finish(Message(msg), at_sender=True)
else:
# 执行出错了,返回了一个 None,实测大部分时候是因为夜间与学校网络连接不好、服务器模拟操作未响应等
await ckMatch.finish(Message("服务器返回了空消息,可能与校园网络连接断开![CQ:face,id=146]"), at_sender=True)
# 打卡程序,采用 playwright 模拟浏览器操作
# https://playwright.dev/python/docs/intro#installation
async def checkin(username, password, mode):
loginCAS = "https://cas.hrbeu.edu.cn/cas/login?service=http://jkgc.hrbeu.edu.cn/infoplus/form/JSXNYQSBtest/start"
try:
msgRun = "Yes, master.\n"
async with async_playwright() as p:
browser = await p.chromium.launch()
msgRun += f'[{time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())}] 我打开了浏览器\n'
page = await browser.new_page()
await page.goto(loginCAS)
msgRun += f'[{time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())}] 我打开了 HEU 认证页\n'
await page.wait_for_selector('#login-submit')
await page.fill('#username', username)
await page.fill('#password', password)
await page.click('#login-submit')
msgRun += f'[{time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())}] 我填上了信息并登录\n'
await page.wait_for_selector('#V1_CTRL82')
await page.check('#V1_CTRL82')
assert await page.is_checked('#V1_CTRL82') is True
msgRun += f'[{time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())}] 我勾选了本人承诺信息可靠\n'
await page.click('text="确认填报"')
msgRun += f'[{time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())}] 我点击了确认填报\n'
await page.wait_for_selector('button.dialog_button.default.fr')
await page.click('button.dialog_button.default.fr')
msgRun += f'[{time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())}] 好,等待返回结果\n\n'
# 刷新页面以便获取表单提交状态
await page.reload()
await page.wait_for_selector('#title_content > nobr')
if mode == "single":
# 如果传入 mode 为 single 则输出上述执行过程
msg = msgRun
else:
# 否则(用于后面定时任务)不输出
msg = ""
# 最终表单地址为 page.url,这里用 CAS 页面跳转供外网访问
msg += f'https://cas.hrbeu.edu.cn/cas/login?service={page.url}\n\n'
msg += f'任务结束于 {time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime())},最终表单链接已经生成,你可以登录检查看看。'
if "已完成" in await page.text_content('#title_content > nobr'):
msg += f'总之,我觉得:[CQ:face,id=76] 打卡成功!'
else:
msg += f'总之,我觉得有哪里不对劲![CQ:face,id=146]'
return msg
except Exception as e:
logger.error(str(e))
return None
# 定义一个服务器时间 6 时 6 分 6 秒执行的定时任务,结果直接发送群内
scheduler = require("nonebot_plugin_apscheduler").scheduler
@scheduler.scheduled_job("cron", hour=6, minute=6, second=6)
async def auto_checkin():
# 获取 bot 信息
(bot,) = nonebot.get_bots().values()
for customer in customers:
# 拼接 CQ 码 at 某人,如果人员不在群里则会显示 at 事先定义的名字
msg = f"[CQ:at,qq={customer},name={customers[str(customer)][2]}] "
try:
# 传入了最后一个参数 mode=auto,打卡任务将不输出执行过程提示
msg += await checkin(customers[str(customer)][0], customers[str(customer)][1], 'auto')
await bot.send_group_msg(group_id=GROUPNUMBER, message=Message(msg))
except Exception as e:
logger.error(str(e))
# 如果定时任务执行出错了将向管理员用户私信报错信息
await bot.send_private_msg(user_id=ADMIN, message=f"{customer}(学号{customers[str(customer)][2]}) 今日打卡定时任务执行出错了!")
# 有的时候觉得机器人一堆消息发在群里难看,可以用合并转发
# 定义一个服务器时间 8 时 8 分 8 秒执行的定时任务,结果以合并转发形式发送群内
@scheduler.scheduled_job("cron", hour=8, minute=8, second=8)
async def auto_checkin_fwd():
# 获取 bot 信息
(bot,) = nonebot.get_bots().values()
fwdMsg = []
for customer in customers:
try:
msg = await checkin(customers[str(customer)][0], customers[str(customer)][1], 'auto')
# 使用 .append() 方法向 fwdMsg 添加节点
# https://docs.go-cqhttp.org/cqcode/#合并转发消息节点
fwdMsg.append({"type": "node", "data": {"name": f"{customers[str(customer)][2]} 平安行动", "uin": "3100017665", "content": msg}})
except Exception as e:
logger.error(str(e))
# 如果定时任务执行出错了将向管理员用户私信报错信息
await bot.send_private_msg(user_id=ADMIN, message=f"{customers[str(customer)][2]}(学号{customers[str(customer)][0]}) 今日打卡定时任务执行出错了!\n{str(e)}")
# 合并转发群消息 fwdMsg 已经构造好了,尝试发送
try:
await bot.send_group_forward_msg(group_id=GROUPNUMBER, messages=Message(fwdMsg))
except Exception as e:
logger.error(str(e))
# 如果合并转发群消息出错了将向管理员用户私信报错信息,出现此报错 可能 表明打卡成功
await bot.send_private_msg(user_id=ADMIN, message=f"打卡任务执行成功,但合并转发群消息好像出错了!\n{str(e)}")
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