[F#] Implementing Coroutines (async/await) using continuations
Coroutines or async/await is not a new concept as it was named in 1958 by Melvin Conway. Coroutines had support in languages such as Simula(1962), Smalltalk(1972) and Modula-2(1978) but I think one can argue that coroutines came into mainstream with C# 5(2012) when Microsoft added async/await to C#.
The problem with subroutines
A thread can only execute a single subroutine at a time as a subroutine starts and then runs to completion. In a server environment subroutines can be problematic as in order to service connections concurrently we would usually would start a thread per connection, this was the idiom a few years ago. A thread depending on the operating system and settings needs about 1 MiB of user stack space meaning 1,024 threads needs 1 GiB of for just user stack space. In addition there's the cost of kernel stack space, book-keeping and scheduling of threads. This drives cost of VM/hardwa