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stan code for sampling response via Gaussian process and squared exponential kernel. See:
// Predict from Gaussian Process
// All data parameters must be passed as a list to the Stan call
// Based on original file from
data {
int<lower=1> N1;
vector[N1] x1;
vector[N1] y1;
int<lower=1> N2;
vector[N2] x2;
real sigma_sq;
real eta_sq;
real rho_sq;
transformed data {
int<lower=1> N;
vector[N1+N2] x;
vector[N1+N2] mu;
cov_matrix[N1+N2] Sigma;
N <- N1 + N2;
for (n in 1:N1) x[n] <- x1[n];
for (n in 1:N2) x[N1 + n] <- x2[n];
for (i in 1:N) mu[i] <- 0;
for (i in 1:N)
for (j in 1:N)
//// RBF, aka squared exp kernel, aka Gaussian kernel
Sigma[i,j] <- eta_sq*exp(-rho_sq*pow(x[i] - x[j],2)) +
if_else(i==j, sigma_sq, 0.0);
parameters {
vector[N2] y2;
model {
vector[N] y;
for (n in 1:N1) y[n] <- y1[n];
for (n in 1:N2) y[N1 + n] <- y2[n];
y ~ multi_normal(mu,Sigma);
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