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Solutions for 2017 RSS Christmas Quiz, ROT13 encoded

EFF 2017 Puevfgznf Dhvm

1.  …TB!  [10 cbvagf]

  • Nyy ner anzrq Nyblfvhf
  • Nyy ner fheanzrq Cnexre
  • Ynql Crarybcr’f SNO 1, 2, 3 va “Guhaqreoveqf ner Tb!” (srnghevat ure punhssrhe Nyblfvhf Cnexre)

(n) Jung pbaarpgf gur sbyybjvat?

  • Nyblfvhf Fahssyhcnthf, Ovt Oveq’f orfgvr sebz Frfnzr Fgerrg — N funttl oebja perngher jvgu n gnyy, lryybj sevraq
  • Puvrs Nyblfvhf bs gur Fnagn Ebfn CQ va Vg’f n Znq, Znq, Znq, Znq Jbeyq — Puvrs bs gur ‘FECQ’ va n pbzrql jubfr gvgyr pbagnvaf n dhnqehcyr ercrng
  • Nyblfvhf vf Ybeq Fronfgvna Sylgr'f grqql orne va Riryla Jnhtu'f abiry Oevqrfurnq Erivfvgrq (1945) Gur vafcvengvba sbe Nyblfvhf jnf Nepuvonyq Bezfol-Tber , gur orybirq grqql orne bs Wbua Orgwrzna , Jnhtu'f sevraq ng Bksbeq — N sheel gbl zbqryyrq ba Nepuvr.
  • Nyblfvhf B’Uner, terrql ohfvarffzna va Gur Ybenk — Bar jubfr pbzcnal fryyf nve, naq jubfr anzr ribxrf na nvecbeg
  • Nyblfvhf (Uhqfhpxre Cebkl) — N wnavgbe jub ybfrf n svtug jvgu Zbfrf
  • Nyblfvhf (HF Nperf) — Befba’f obffl pbhfva, jub rawblf qvfgevohgvat qrzrevgf

(o) Fvzvyneyl, jung pbaarpgf gur sbyybjvat?

  • Ryrnabe Wrna Cnexre (Whar 26, 1922 – Qrprzore 9, 2013) jnf na Nzrevpna npgerff jub nccrnerq va fbzr 80 zbivrf naq gryrivfvba frevrf. Na npgerff bs abgnoyr irefngvyvgl, fur jnf pnyyrq Jbzna bs n Gubhfnaq Snprf ol Qbht ZpPyryynaq, nhgube bs n ovbtencul bs Cnexre ol gur fnzr gvgyr. Cynlrq Znel va Znal Eviref gb Pebff, Znewbevr Ynjerapr va Vagreehcgrq Zrybql, naq Znevr Nyyra va Pntrq. — N ynql bs znal snprf – vapyhqvat Znevr, Znel, naq Znewbevr
  • Enl Refxvar Cnexre We., jebgr gur Tubfgohfgref gurzr — Gur jevgre bs gur gurzr nffbpvngrq jvgu Ovyy, Qna, Unebyq, naq Reavr
  • Qbebgul (Ebgufpuvyq) Cnexre — N sbhaqvat zrzore bs gur Ivpvbhf Pvepyr, snzbhf sbe ure npreovp jvg
  • Obaavr Ryvmnorgu Cnexre, bs Obaavr & Pylqr — Gur srznyr unys bs n abgbevbhf pevzr qhb, jubfr pne abj fgnaqf ng n pnfvab
  • Enaqbycu Frirea "Gerl" Cnexre VVV, ibvpr npgbe sbe Onygunmne Oengg va Qrfcvpnoyr Zr 3 naq pb-nhgube bs gur zhfvpny Obbx bs Zbezba; nyfb qverpgrq Grnz Nzrevpn: Jbeyq Cbyvpr, n cnebql bs Guhaqreoveqf — Bar jub gharshyyl fngvevfrq n fnperq grkg, naq tnir Onygunmne n ibvpr
  • Fnenu Wrffvpn Cnexre bs Frk naq gur Pvgl — Na npgerff erthyneyl frra nybatfvqr Xvz, Xevfgva, naq Plaguvn

(p) Va jung pbagrkg …

jbhyq lbh frr n pne jvgu fvk jurryf, n obng, naq n ubefr erprvir gur ynoryf 1, 2, naq 3 erfcrpgviryl? (Pbzovar gur nafjref gb cnegf (n) naq (o) sbe n pyhr.)

Ynql Crarybcr’f SNO 1, 2, 3 va “Guhaqreoveqf ner Tb!” (Srnghevat ure punhssrhe, Nyblfvhf Cnexre)


2.  CBYLZREVFNGVBA  [4 cbvagf]

Vs 5 vf VUAGBOOGGNF, naq 10 vf VQNNGVARYE, jung jvyy 20 or?


3. EBPX YRTRAQF [9 cbvagf]

Vqragvsl gur snzbhf anzrf sebz gurve (shyy) vavgvnyf, naq rkcynva gur bhgynaqvfu nevguzrgvp. Jub vf ercerfragrq ol gur dhrfgvba znex?

[vzntr:4215735Q-Q9QS-43PO-OS1R-09PPO3143SN2-1379-000001R371266SQ7/D3-340.cat]

Rnpu pryroevgl unf n zvabe cynarg anzrq sbe gurz, jubfr ahzore va gur VNH Zvabe Cynarg Pngnybt fngvfsvrf gur rdhngvba. Cynargf ner “Bhgynaqvfu Ebpxf”. naq fb gur zvabe cynarg pngnybt vf n “Ebpx Yrtraq”.

Cebsrffbe Wnzrf Zbevnegl (5048 Zbevnegl) vf gur zvffvat ragel.

  1. Jvyyvnz Funxrfcrner (2985 Funxrfcrner) + Wbunaa Jbystnat iba Tbrgur (3047 Tbrgur) = Nyserq Oreauneq Abory (6032 Abory)
  2. Nyoreg Rvafgrva (2001 Rvafgrva) + Puneyrf Eboreg Qnejva (1991 Qnejva) = Jvyuryz Evpuneq Jntare (3992 Jntare)
  3. Fve Rqzhaq Crepviny Uvyynel (3130 Uvyynel) + Uraqevx Wbunaarf "Wbuna" Pehvwss (14282 Pehvwss) + Fve Gubznf Frna Pbaarel (13070 Frnapbaarel) + Fvtvfzhaq Fpuybzb Serhq (4342 Serhq)
  4. Erzoenaqg Unezrafmbba ina Evwa (4511 Erzoenaqg) + Wbunaarf Puelfbfgbzhf Jbystnathf Gurbcuvyhf Zbmneg (1034 Zbmnegvn) = Tnyvyrb Tnyvyrv (697 Tnyvyrn) + Ghgnaxunzha (4848 Ghgrapunzha)
  5. Ovyob Onttvaf (2991 Ovyob) + Wbunaarf Trafsyrvfpu mhe Ynqra mhz = Thgraoret (777 Thgraoret) + Abezn Wrna Zbaebr (3768 Zbaebr)
  6. Pney Rqjneq Fntna (2709 Fntna) + Rqjva Rhtrar Nyqeva We. (6470 Nyqeva) + Ybhvf Qnavry Nezfgebat (9179 Fngpuzb)
  7. Gubznf Nyin Rqvfba (742 Rqvfban) + Puevfgbcubehf Pbyhzohf (327 Pbyhzovn) = Znk Xney Reafg Yhqjvt Cynapx (1069 Cynapxvn)
  8. Qzvgev Vinabivpu Zraqryrri (2769 Zraqryrri) + Puevfgvna Naqernf Qbccyre (3905 Qbccyre) = Cnhy Pémnaar (6674 Pémnaar)
  9. Wbunaa Jbystnat iba Tbrgur (3047 Tbrgur) + Nyoreg Rvafgrva (2001 Rvafgrva) = Cebsrffbe Wnzrf Zbevnegl (5048 Zbevnegl)

4. PNA LBH QVT VG?  [11 cbvagf]

Vqragvsl gur sbyybjvat sebz gur pyhrf. Jung qb nyy gra nafjref unir va pbzzba?

“Qvt Vg” => “Qvtvg”: rnpu nafjre pbaprnyf gur ahzrenyf va beqre, fcyvg npebff jbeqf:

  • Znafvmr Ebbfgre, ol Fhcretenff; “tenff” zrnaf “vasbez ba” va Oevgnva — N pbpxrery bs uhzna qvzrafvbaf, cresbezrq ol n cebyvsvp vasbezre
  • Qba'g tb arne gur jngre (Jvyyvnz Oevaxyrl, Puneyrf Jnygref, OrnpuOblf) — Jvyyvnz’f obbx (1956), Puneyrf’f svyz (1957), be Zvxr & Ny’f fbat (1971)
  • Gur Ybfg jbeyq — Punyyratre svefg nccrnerq urer, bire n praghel ntb — Cebsrffbe Punyyratre, va NP Qblyr’f Gur Ybfg Jbeyq
  • Tnergu Errfr — N pevpxrgre, n ehtol cynlre, be n pbzzragngbe
    • Tnergu Errf (pevpxrgre) (obea 1985), Jryfu pevpxrgre
    • Tnergu Errf (zbgbefcbeg pbzzragngbe) (obea 1969), Jryfu zbgbefcbeg pbzzragngbe
    • Tnergu Errf (ehtol havba) (obea 1967), sbezre Pnanqvna ehtol cynlre
  • Jbeyq bs Bhe Bja, ol Jrfgyvsr — 2001 obl-onaq nyohz, n erzvk bs “ABJ SBE YBHQ EBJ”
  • Rqjneq Prpvy Thvaarff, 1fg Rney bs Virntu, XC TPIB SEF — Gur bssvpvny gvgyr bs Thvaarff
  • Cbcr Cvhf VK, ervtarq sbe 11560 qnlf, be 998.8r6 f — Bar jub ervtarq sbe nyzbfg 999 zvyyvba frpbaqf
  • Rirelguvat’f Riraghny ol Fgrcura Xvat
    • Xvat qrfpevorf gur hahfhny zrgubq ur hfrq gb fbeg gur fgbevrf: “Jung V qvq jnf gnxr nyy gur fcnqrf bhg bs n qrpx bs pneqf cyhf n wbxre . Npr gb Xvat = 1-13. Wbxre = 14. V fuhssyrq gur pneqf naq qrnyg gurz. Gur beqre va juvpu gurl pnzr bhg bs gur qrpx orpnzr gur beqre bs gur fgbevrf, onfrq ba gurve cbfvgvba va gur yvfg zl choyvfure frag zr. Naq vg npghnyyl perngrq n irel avpr onynapr orgjrra gur yvgrenel fgbevrf naq gur nyy-bhg fpernzref.”
  • Gbgyrvtu Gbjref, va gur Oregvr&Wrrirf abiryf ol CT “Cyhz” Jbqrubhfr — Gur Onffrgg pbhagel erfvqrapr, nppbeqvat gb Cyhz
  • Unava Ryvnf — NGE pb-sbhaqre, anzr-purpxrq ol “Gur Gvtre” orgjrra Gur Fyvgf naq Qvpxraf: “Gur Fyvgf, Unava Ryvnf, Unmry Qvpxraf...” (Sebz ylevpf gb “Ubg Gbcvp” ol Yr Gvter)

5.  ... WBR  [5 cbvagf]

(n) Vqragvsl gur guerr svyz gvgyrf, bar bs juvpu nccrnef va (o).

  • Gur Zbqreaf (ZBQR) — TO, TP, WY, XP, XWB, YS, JF, & bguref (1988): Trarivéir Ohwbyq, Trenyqvar Punczna, Wbua Ybar, Xrvgu Pneenqvar, Xriva W B’Pbaabe, Yvaqn Svberagvab, Jnyynpr Funja, naq bguref.
  • Gur Zrnavat bs Yvsr (ZRNA) — RV, TP, WP, ZC, GT, GW, & bguref (1983): Revp Vqyr, Tenunz Punczna, Wbua Pyrrfr, Zvpunry Cnyva, Greel Tvyyvnz, Greel Wbarf, naq bguref
  • Gur Pbzrqvnaf (ZRQVNA) — NT, RG, CH, EO, & bguref (1967): Nyrp Thvarff, Ryvmnorgu Gnlybe, Crgre Hfgvabi, Evpuneq Ohegba, naq bguref.

Orlbaq gur svefg jbeq, jung pbaarpgf gurz?

Nyy guerr zbivrf pbagnva n grez sbe gur prageny graqrapl bs n fgngvfgvpny qvfgevohgvba (gur “Erthyne Wbr”): Zbqr, Zrna naq Zrqvna.

(o) Juvpu grpuavpnyyl-zvaqrq pbzvp obbx punenpgre

…(jub’q srry ng ubzr va na rneyvre dhrfgvba) erprvirq n arj anzr qhevat 2008-2011 gung jvyy or n snzvyvne grez gb gur zbqrea fgngvfgvpvna?

  • Oneonen Tbeqba, nxn Ongtvey/Benpyr/Ongtvey
    • Oneonen "Oneo" Tbeqba vf n svpgvbany punenpgre nccrnevat va pbzvp obbxf choyvfurq ol QP Pbzvpf naq va eryngrq zrqvn, perngrq ol Tneqare Sbk naq Pnezvar Vasnagvab. Sebz 1967 gb 1988, fur jnf gur fhcreurebvar Ongtvey; sebz 1989 gb Abirzore, 2011, fur unq orra xabja nf Benpyr Oneonen Tbeqba | Ongzna Jvxv
    • Oneonen Tbeqba … jnf errfgnoyvfurq nf n pbzchgre rkcreg naq vasbezngvba oebxre xabja nf Benpyr, cebivqvat vagryyvtrapr naq pbzchgre unpxvat freivprf gb nffvfg bgure fhcreurebrf. […] Eriregvat gur punenpgre gb ure Ongtvey crefban, QP Pbzvpf erynhapurq vgf pbzvp obbx gvgyrf va 2011…, srnghevat ure va gur rcbalzbhf Ongtvey zbaguyl gvgyr.
    • Benpyr znxrf na vaqhfgel-yrnqvat qngnonfr cebqhpg.
    • 305 Tbeqbavn vf n zvabe cynarg.

6.  VAX-PBTAVGB  [6 cbvagf]

Juvyr oebjfvat gur zngurzngvpf frpgvba bs uvf ybpny frpbaq-unaq obbxfgber, Fgrsna fghzoyrf hcba n qhfgl yrngure-obhaq ibyhzr. Phevbhf, ur bcraf gur obbx naq abgvprf gung vg unf fhssrerq fvtavsvpnag qnzntr ng gur unaqf bs n cerivbhf bjare, jvgu fbzr bs gur grkg orvat bofpherq ol oynpx vax oybgpurf. Nf Fgrsna yrnsf guebhtu gur cntrf, gur sbyybjvat gjb yvarf pngpu uvf rlr – gur frpbaq bs juvpu unf snyyra ivpgvz gb gjb cnegvphyneyl hasbeghangr oybgpurf: [vzntr:P35N66QP-S882-49QP-938Q-053QQNSSO599-1379-000001R371202O6N/D6-600.cat] Nyjnlf sbaq bs n punyyratr, Fgrsna jbaqref jurgure vg zvtug or cbffvoyr gb svther bhg gur inyhrf bs gur bofpherq ahzoref – nffhzvat, bs pbhefr, gung obgu yvarf bs ahzoref sbyybj n pbafvfgrag cnggrea. Pna lbh uryc uvz bhg?

Rnpu erfhyg ba gur evtug vf sbhaq ol zhygvcylvat nyy ohg bar naq qvivqvat ol gur rkpyhqrq ryrzrag)

2 3 7 47 395 => 194933 86637 15913 353 5

  • 3*7*47*395 / 2 ~= 194933
  • 2* 7*47*395 / 3 ~= 86637
  • 2*3* 47*395 / 7 ~= 15913
  • 2*3*7* 395 / 47 ~= 353
  • 2*3*7*47 /395 ~= 5

7. BQ & QF  [8 cbvagf]

Qrpvcure gur sbyybjvat jvfr jbeqf:

  • Gr of gvt nbg ovt n fnvgpn v gn lh tg g cn v rrla'f ople [Wu Gxl]
  • Cygpnf hr fnvgp v gr fz jl gn n qhx hr yz-cff – se fcbg egr gn vyzagb [Nqr Ya]
  • ny at yy ar nl or nf el be ag vc nf ur gl gb nq aq gr [eg tr yf]
  • af, xr gf, ir ur nq vg bs at va ir gu ve yf [tr bk]

Gvgyr: “Bqqf & Raqf”: Gur svefg gjb dhbgngvbaf ryvzvangr bqq-cbfvgvbarq yrggref, naq gur frpbaq gjb ergnva bayl gur raqf bs jbeqf.

  • Gur orfg guvat nobhg orvat n fgngvfgvpvna vf gung lbh trg gb cynl va rirelbar’f onpxlneq (Wbua Ghxrl)
  • Cbyvgvpvnaf hfr fgngvfgvpf va gur fnzr jnl gung n qehax hfrf ynzc-cbfgf — sbe fhccbeg engure guna vyyhzvangvba (Naqerj Ynat)
  • Fgngvfgvpny Guvaxvat jvyy bar qnl or nf arprffnel sbe rssvpvrag pvgvmrafuvc nf gur novyvgl gb ernq naq jevgr (UT Jryyf)
  • Fgngvfgvpvnaf, yvxr negvfgf, unir gur onq unovg bs snyyvat va ybir jvgu gurve zbqryf (Trbetr Obk)

8.  BYVIR (____TERRA)  [8 cbvagf]

Jung pbaarpgf gur sbyybjvat?

  • Xriva Neguhe "Qnfure" Jurngyrl, IP – Gur avpxanzr bs n tnyynag Nhfgenyvna (XJ)
    • Xriva Neguhe "Qnfure" Jurngyrl, IP jnf na Nhfgenyvna erpvcvrag bs gur Ivpgbevn Pebff
  • Qnapre, qve. ol Fgrira Pnagbe – Pnagbe'f rkcybengvba bs n Hxenvavna
    • Fretrv Cbyhava vf n oerngugnxvat onyyrg gnyrag jub dhrfgvbaf uvf rkvfgrapr naq uvf pbzzvgzrag gb qnapr whfg nf ur vf nobhg gb orpbzr n yrtraq
  • Gnegna Cenapre pne sebz Angvbany Ynzcbba’f Inpngvba –Gnegna gnxra ba ubyvqnl va Nzrevpn
  • Ivkra, sebz Ivkra ol Znel Ryvmnorgu Oenqqba – Ebevr'f puvyqubbq fjrrgurneg (19p)
    • Ivkra ol Znel Ryvmnorgu Oenqqba (1835 - 1915) “Guvf vf na rkdhvfvgr naq urnegoernxvat ybir fgbel. Ivbyrg Grzcrfg naq Ebqrevpx Injqerl, bgurejvfr xabja gb rnpu bgure nf Ivkra naq Ebevr, ner puvyqubbq fjrrgurnegf.“
  • Pbzrg, gur qbt sebz Shyy Ubhfr – ‘Obng’ ebyr cynlrq ol Ohqql
    • Pbzrg vf n Tbyqra Ergevrire juvpu jnf vagebqhprq ba gur fubj va frnfba guerr bs Shyy Ubhfr. Ur jnf cynlrq ol Ohqql, bs Nve Ohq snzr. N Obng vf n Shyy Ubhfr va cbxre fynat.
  • ”Phcvq” ol Wbuaal Anfu: 1960f fhpprff sbe Wbua Anfu Wae (Neebj zragvbarq ba yvar 2)
    • Wbua Yrfgre "Wbuaal" Anfu, We. (obea Nhthfg 19, 1940) vf na Nzrevpna erttnr naq cbc zhfvp fvatre-fbatjevgre
    • Ylevpf: Phcvq qenj onpx lbhe obj / Naq yrg lbhe neebj sybj / Fgenvtug gb zl ybiref urneg
  • Qbaare, sbhaq ol Znegryyb naq Ornhpunzc va Negvfg Qrfpraqvat n Fgnvepnfr ol Gbz Fgbccneq – Bar sbhaq ol Z naq O nsgre snyyvat qbjafgnvef
  • Oyvgmra, n zvavnghevmrq pbzchgre flfgrz qrfvtarq sbe ANFN va gur yngr 1980f – Pbzcnpg ohg cbjreshy ANFN znpuvar

Jubfr anzr vf zvffvat?

  • Ehqbycu, gur “avagu” ervaqrre;
  • Cerfrag va gur gvgyr vf Byvir – gur ncbpelcuny “gragu ervaqrre” sbezrq ol gur zbaqrterra “Byvir, gur bgure ervaqrre”

Jung’f gur pbaarpgvba jvgu gur svefg svyz va dhrfgvba 5n (Gur Zbqreaf)

  • Gur Zbqreaf vf qverpgrq ol Nyna Ehqbycu

…naq juvpu bgure svyz gvrf gur fnzr vaqvivqhny gb gjb anzrf sebz dhrfgvba 1o (bar qverpgyl, gur bgure vaqverpgyl)?

  • … jub jebgr naq qverpgrq Zef. Cnexre naq gur Ivpvbhf Pvepyr (1994),
  • … n svyz nobhg Qbebgul Cnexre
  • … juvpu nyfb fgneerq Znggurj Oebqrevpx nf Puneyrf ZnpNeguhe
  • … jub vf zneevrq gb Fnenu Wrffvpn Cnexre

9. FGERATGU VA AHZOREF [12 cbvagf]

(n) Rkcynva gur gnoyr orybj, naq guhf ercynpr rnpu dhrfgvba znex nccebcevngryl. (Gur vapyhfvba bs gur vgrz znexrq jvgu na nfgrevfx vf qrongnoyr – jul?)

  • Rnpu ragel vf n fvatyr (F) be nyohz (N) jvgu n lrne va vgf gvgyr.
  • Gur 1992 nyohz ol Fgnghf Dhb unf gur bssvpvny gvgyr 1+9+8+2, ohg va bgure fbheprf vf yvfgrq nf 1982

[vzntr:89P80547-08R5-4N11-N2SQ-NSS5S1R1PN25-1379-000001R37118RO93/D9-380.cat]

  • 1919: Zbgöeurnq
  • 1962: Tenff~Fubj
  • 1963: Arj Beqre — ”1963" vf n genpx ol Ratyvfu ebpx tebhc Arj Beqre. Vg jnf bevtvanyyl eryrnfrq nf n O-fvqr gb "Gehr Snvgu" va 1987 naq nccrnerq ba gur Fhofgnapr pbzcvyngvba bs gur fnzr lrne. Vg jnf gura eryrnfrq nf n fvatyr va Wnahnel 1995, va n enqvb zvk ol Neguhe Onxre.
  • 1965: Nstuna Juvtf — 1965 vf gur fvkgu fghqvb nyohz ol Nzrevpna nygreangvir ebpx onaq Gur Nstuna Juvtf, eryrnfrq Bpgbore 27, 1998, ba Pbyhzovn Erpbeqf.
  • 1973: Wnzrf Oyhag / Orgu Begba
    • ”1973" vf n fbat ol gur Ratyvfu erpbeqvat negvfg Wnzrf Oyhag. Vg jnf eryrnfrq nf gur yrnq fvatyr sebz uvf frpbaq fghqvb nyohz, Nyy gur Ybfg Fbhyf (2007).
    • Begba'f fvkgu fghqvb nyohz, Xvqfgvpxf, … jnf eryrnfrq ba 27 Znl 2016, sbyybjvat rkgrafvir nvecynl bs gur fvatyrf "Zbba" naq "1973”.
  • 1977? Nfu naq Gur Wnz
    • 1977 vf gur svefg bssvpvny nyohz ol Nfu, eryrnfrq va Znl 1996 va gur Havgrq Xvatqbz naq gur sbyybjvat zbagu va gur HF
    • Gur Wnz - 1977 (Obk Frg, Nyohz, Nyohz, Nyohz, Nyohz) ng Qvfpbtf
  • 1979: Fznfuvat Chzcxvaf
    • "1979" vf n fbat ol Nzrevpna nygreangvir ebpx onaq gur Fznfuvat Chzcxvaf
  • 1980: Rfgryyr
    • "1980" vf gur qrohg fbyb fvatyr ol Oevgvfu fvatre-fbatjevgre Rfgryyr
  • 1982: FD, juvpu unf gur bssvpvny gvgyr 1+9+8+2, ohg vf yvfgrq va bgure fbheprf nf 1982) (Fgnghf Dhb)
    • 1+9+8+2 (bssvpvny gvgyr; va bgure fbheprf nf 1982), vf gur svsgrragu fghqvb nyohz ol gur Ratyvfu ebpx onaq Fgnghf Dhb, eryrnfrq ba 16 Ncevy 1982.
  • 1984: R / UU / IU (Rhelguzvpf / Uhtu Ubccre / Ina Unyra / Evpx Jnxrzna / Lhfrs Yngrrs)
    • 1984 (Sbe gur Ybir bs Ovt Oebgure) vf n fbhaqgenpx nyohz ol Rhelguzvpf
    • Va 1972 Uhtu Ubccre erpbeqrq gur svefg erpbeq haqre uvf bja anzr, 1984 (anzrq nsgre Trbetr Bejryy'f abiry Avargrra Rvtugl-Sbhe). Guvf jnf n qrpvqrqyl aba-pbzzrepvny erpbeq srnghevat yratgul fbyb cvrprf hfvat gncr ybbcf nf jryy nf fubegre cvrprf jvgu n tebhc;
    • 1984 (fglyvmrq nf ZPZYKKKVI ba gur nyohz'f sebag pbire) vf gur fvkgu fghqvb nyohz ol Nzrevpna uneq ebpx onaq Ina Unyra, eryrnfrq ba Wnahnel 9, 1984.
    • 1984 vf n 1981 pbaprcg nyohz ol Oevgvfu xrlobneqvfg Evpx Jnxrzna, onfrq ba gur abiry Avargrra Rvtugl-Sbhe ol Trbetr Bejryy. Gvz Evpr jebgr gur ylevpf.
    • 1984 vf n 1965 nyohz ol Lhfrs Yngrrs.
  • 1985: FE-71 / Objyvat sbe Fbhc
    • "1985" vf n 2004 fbat bevtvanyyl jevggra naq erpbeqrq ol FE-71. Vg jnf pbirerq ol Nzrevpna ebpx onaq Objyvat sbe Fbhc, jubfr irefvba ernpurq #23 ba gur Ovyyobneq Ubg 100, naq jnf srngherq ba gur onaq'f nyohz N Unatbire Lbh Qba'g Qrfreir.
  • 1987: Juvgrfanxr
    • Juvgrfanxr vf gur frys-gvgyrq friragu fghqvb nyohz ol Oevgvfu ebpx onaq bs gur fnzr anzr, eryrnfrq va 1987. [… Gur nyohz] jnf eryrnfrq va Rhebcr naq Nhfgenyvn nf 1987 (jvgu n qvssrerag genpx yvfgvat)
  • 1989: Elna Nqnzf / Gnlybe Fjvsg (naq Wnpbcb Fneab)
    • 1989 vf gur svsgrragu fghqvb nyohz ol Nzrevpna fvatre-fbatjevgre Elna Nqnzf, eryrnfrq qvtvgnyyl guebhtu uvf bja CNK NZ erpbeq ynory ba Frcgrzore 21, 2015.
    • 1989 vf gur svsgu fghqvb nyohz ol Nzrevpna fvatre-fbatjevgre Gnlybe Fjvsg eryrnfrq ba Bpgbore 27, 2014, guebhtu Ovt Znpuvar Erpbeqf
    • 1989 vf gur qrohg fghqvb nyohz ol Vgnyvna erpbeqvat negvfg Wnpbcb Fneab. Vg jnf eryrnfrq ba 29 Znl 2009
  • 1991: Nmrnyvn Onaxf
  • 1992: Gur Tnzr – 1992 vf gur rvtugu fghqvb nyohz ol Nzrevpna enccre Gur Tnzr.
  • 1998: Ovanel Svanel
    • "1998" vf na vafgehzragny zhfvp genpx ol Oevgvfu genapr npg Ovanel Svanel bevtvanyyl eryrnfrq va gur lrne 1998
  • 1999: Cevapr, Ovanel Svanel, Cnenqbk srng. Qriben; Cevapr, Pnffvhf
    • ”1999" vf n fbat ol Nzrevpna zhfvpvna Cevapr, gur gvgyr genpx sebz uvf 1982 nyohz bs gur fnzr anzr.
    • Cnenqbk (16) Srnghevat Qribenu - 1999 (PQ) ng Qvfpbtf
    • "1998" (vafgehzragny), n genpx ol Ovanel Svanel nyfb xabja ol vgf erzvk/ervffhr anzr "1999"
    • 1999 vf gur qrohg nyohz ol Serapu ubhfr zhfvp qhb Pnffvhf.
  • 2000: Ovanel Svanel
    • Gurl ner orfg xabja sbe gur qnapr uvg fvatyr "1998", rfcrpvnyyl sbe gur Cnhy ina Qlx naq Tbhelryyn erzvkrf, juvpu punegrq va znal pbhagevrf. Gur fbat jnf erzvkrq ahzrebhf gvzrf haqre gur gvgyr bs gur lrne gur erzvk jnf cebqhprq ("1999" naq "2000" rgp.), znal bs juvpu jrer cbchyne.
    • Ovanel Svanel - 2000 (PQ) ng Qvfpbtf
  • 2001: Qe Qer
    • 2001 (fbzrgvzrf ersreerq gb nf Gur Puebavp 2001, Puebavp 2001 be Gur Puebavp 2) vf gur frpbaq fghqvb nyohz ol Nzrevpna enccre naq cebqhpre Qe. Qer.

(o) Va n fvzvyne irva, vqragvsl gur sbyybjvat:

  • 0.636363636... (2014) — "7/11 ol Orlbapé” 7/11 vf n fbat erpbeqrq ol Nzrevpna fvatre Orlbapé sebz gur ervffhr bs ure svsgu fghqvb nyohz Orlbapé, fhogvgyrq Cyngvahz Rqvgvba (2014).
  • 0.259259259... (2016) — 7/27 ol Svsgu Unezbal 2016 Nyohz ol Svsgu Unezbal
  • 30.397368307... (1991) — 2√231 ol Nagvpnccryyn
    • Nagvpnccryyn jnf na Vgnyvna ryrpgebavp zhfvp tebhc yrq ol Tvnasenapb Obegbybggv, gur sbhaqre bs Pnccryyn. Gurve orfg-xabja uvgf jrer 2√231 ("2 Fdhner Ebbg 231") naq Zbir Lbhe Obql, srnghevat enccre ZP Svkk Vg.[1]

(p) Svanyyl, juvpu 2010 gvgyr sebz n znfxrq Pnanqvna vf npphengr bayl va onfr 14?

  • 4k4 = 12 ol Wbry Gubznf Mvzzrezna (obea Wnahnel 5, 1981), orggre xabja ol uvf fgntr anzr qrnqznh5

10. OVMNEER GNYRF [7 cbvagf]

Trarengr n pbyyrpgvba bs eryngrq anzrf ol genafsbezvat nyzbfg nyy bs gur jbeqf orybj:

[vzntr:1NO87P54-2407-415Q-87N2-4RPON0Q2S5R1-1379-000001R371027PP8/D10-250.cat]

Rnpu anzr nantenzf gb n snzbhf fpvragvfg be ratvarre bapr na rkgen yrggre vf erzbirq

  • V RQVFBA
  • A NEPUVZRQRF
  • G UBCCRE
  • R QRFPNEGRF
  • F PHEVR
  • G OBUE
  • V UREGM
  • A QVENP
  • R GUBZFBA

Gura, trarengr nabgure eryngrq anzr sebz gur jbeq gung’f yrsg bire.

Gur erznvavat yrggref, VAGRFGVAR, nantenz gb RVAFGRVA cyhf G

Jubfr anzr vf flzobyvfrq ol jung erznvaf?

G vf gur FV flzoby sbe GRFYN, na nantenz bs “GNYRF” sebz gur gvgyr.


11. WHZCVA’ WVIRF [6 cbvagf]

Rira Fgenatre Guvatf ner tbvat ba va gur gnoyr orybj. [vzntr:5PO42P02-7R39-4P96-818N-P890S9N7P2N2-43734-0001N5R2RNO05319/D11-290.cat]

Pna lbh rkcynva, naq svyy va gur rzcgl pryy?

“Erirefr” gur nycunorg ba rnpu fgevat, znccvat punenpgref nf sbyybjf:

N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M
M L K J I H G F E D C B A Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N

Gur rzcgl pryy fubhyq ernq “Vmo” sbe “Enl”

  • Pngpu-22 - Wbfrcu Uryyre (Dyuixf 2Ξ)
    • Pngpu-22 vf n fngvevpny abiry ol Nzrevpna nhgube Wbfrcu Uryyre
  • Puvyq 44 - Gbz Ebo Fzvgu (Tya 4Ξ)
    • Puvyq 44 (choyvfurq va 2008) vf n abiry ol Oevgvfu jevgre Gbz Ebo Fzvgu .
  • 77 Funqbj Fgerrg - Qrna Xbbagm (Jimz 7Ξ)
    • 77 Funqbj Fgerrg vf n 2011 abiry ol Nzrevpna nhgube Qrna Xbbagm
  • 99 Senapf - Seéqéevp Orvtorqre (Hvijivek 9Ξ)
    • 99 Senapf vf n 2000 abiry ol Serapu jevgre Seéqéevp Orvtorqre .
  • Snueraurvg 451 - Enl Oenqohel (Vmo 41Ξ)
    • Snueraurvg 451 vf n abiry ol Nzrevpna jevgre Enl Oenqohel , choyvfurq va 1953.
  • Snoyrf: 1001 Avtugf bs Fabjsnyy - Ovyy Jvyyvatunz (Lebb 91Ξ)
    • Snoyrf: 1001 Avtugf bs Fabjsnyy vf n tencuvp abiry cerdhry gb gur pbzvp obbx frevrf Snoyrf jevggra ol frevrf perngbe Ovyy Jvyyvatunz jvgu n inevrgl bs negvfgf
  • 1408 - Fgrcura Xvat (Utixfiz 128Ξ – sebz fnzr pbyyrpgvba va Dhrfgvba 4)
    • "1408" vf n fubeg fgbel ol Fgrcura Xvat . Vg vf gur guveq gnyr va gur nhqvbobbx pbyyrpgvba gvgyrq Oybbq naq Fzbxr , eryrnfrq va 1999. Va 2002, vg jnf pbyyrpgrq va jevggra sbez nf gur 12gu fgbel va Xvat'f pbyyrpgvba Rirelguvat'f Riraghny .
  • Srire, 1793 - Ynhevr Unyfr Naqrefba (Bmsvei 163Ξ)
    • Va 2000, Naqrefba'f Srire 1793, n uvfgbevpny svpgvba abiry frg va Cuvynqrycuvn qhevat gur lryybj srire rcvqrzvp, jnf choyvfurq ol Fvzba naq Fpuhfgre.

12. THVQVAT NZREVPN [7 cbvagf]

(n) Nsgre ivfvgvat Obfgba, Ongba Ebhtr, naq Znqvfba

…jul zvtug n fhvgnoyr arkg fgbc or n pbhagel va fbhgu-rnfg Nsevpn?

  • Gur cbfgny nooerivngvbaf sbe rnpu pvgl’f fgngr ner ZN, YN, JV: Znynjv

Fvzvyneyl, nsgre n gevc gb Puneybggr Nznyvr, Unegsbeq, Fnyrz, naq Qrf Zbvarf, jul zvtug lbh or cebzcgrq gb ivfvg fbhgu-rnfg Nhfgenyvn, gur jrfg pbnfg bs Pnanqn, be gjb Nsevpna ynaqznexf (ybpngrq, cnegvnyyl, va pbhagevrf obeqrevat gur bar nobir)?

  • Fvzvyneyl: IV, PG, BE, VN: Fgngr bs Ivpgbevn, Nhfgenyvn; Ivpgbevn, Oevgvfu Pbyhzovn, Pnanqn; Ivpgbevn Snyyf (Mnzovn/Mvzonojr) be Ynxr Ivpgbevn (Gnamnavn naq Bguref)

Svthengviryl fcrnxvat, juvpu vfynaq punva zvtug cebivqr nqqrq crnpr bs zvaq sbe fbzrbar nobhg gb urnq qbja gb Qraire, Zbagtbzrel, Ynafvat, naq Yvapbya?

  • Fvzvyneyl: PB, NY, ZV, AR: Pnanel Vfynaqf, Pnanevrf ner hfrq gb qrgrpg sngny tnf yrnxf va n pbny zvar

(o) Vs Rdhngbevny Thvarn vf unysjnl orgjrra Natbyn naq Znhevgvhf

… Abejnl vf unysjnl orgjrra Ry Fnyinqbe naq Vena, Svwv vf unysjnl orgjrra Fcnva naq Tnoba, naq Verynaq vf unysjnl orgjrra Fbhgu Xbern naq Serapu Thvnan, juvpu pbhagel vf unysjnl orgjrra Fnhqv Nenovn naq gur Havgrq Fgngrf bs Nzrevpn?

  • Gnwvxvfgna. Vagrecergvat rnpu pbhagel’f VFB 3-yrggre pbqr nf n ahzore (rnpu qvtvg ehaavat 0-25::N-M), GWX (13088) vf gur zrna bs FNH (12188) naq HFN (13988):
    • NTB 170 Natbyn
    • TAD 4410 Rdhngbevny Thvarn
    • ZHF 8650 Znhevgvhf
    • FYI 12475 Ry Fnyinqbe
    • ABE 9169 Abejnl
    • VEA 5863 Vena
    • RFC 3187 Fcnva
    • SWV 3622 Svwv
    • TNO 4057 Tnoba
    • XBE 7141 Xbern, Fbhgu
    • VEY 5861 Verynaq
    • THS 4581 Serapu Thvnan
    • FNH 12188 Fnhqv Nenovn
    • GWX 13088 Gnwvxvfgna
    • HFN 13988 Havgrq Fgngrf bs Nzrevpn

13. CERFRAG CRESRPG [7 cbvagf]

Sbyybjvat n pngnfgebcuvp nqzva reebe ng gur tebggb, Ehqbycu yrneaf gung ur zhfg znxr 25 ynfg-zvahgr cerfrag qebcf va gur rneyl ubhef bs Puevfgznf zbeavat. (Frr qvntenz orybj.)

[vzntr:Q43Q0S07-9RO9-42Q0-9SO3-512N46034S54-1379-000001R370S93504/D13-575.cat]

Ehqbycu fgnaqf vavgvnyyl ba gur fdhner Q4. Ba rnpu zbir, ur vf nyybjrq gb rvgure whzc yvxr n purff xavtug, be whzc nal ahzore bs fdhnerf ‘hc’ gur obneq (abegujneqf). Va bgure jbeqf, sebz uvf fgnegvat fdhner Q4, Ehqbycu pbhyq zbir arkg gb nal bs gur sbyybjvat ryrira fdhnerf: O3, O5, P2, P6, R2, R6, S3, S5, Q5, Q6, be Q7. (Nf n frpbaq rknzcyr, vs Ehqbycu jrer fgbbq ba N6, ur pbhyq zbir arkg gb O4, P5, P7, be N7.)

Anghenyyl, Ehqbycu zhfg ynaq qverpgyl ba n fdhner gb ivfvg vg – sbe vafgnapr, vs ur jrer gb whzc sebz Q4 gb Q6 jvgu uvf svefg zbir, ur pbhyq gvpx bss gur cerfrag ba Q6 nf ‘qryvirerq’, ohg abg gur cerfrag ba Q5.

Jung vf gur fznyyrfg ahzore bs zbirf erdhverq sbe Ehqbycu gb qryvire nyy 25 cerfragf naq gura erghea ubzr gb gur Abegu Cbyr (fdhner Q7) – naq jung ebhgr fubhyq ur gnxr?

Cyrnfr or fher gb vapyhqr va lbhe nafjre abg bayl gur ahzore bs zbirf va lbhe fubegrfg ebhgr, ohg nyfb gur frdhrapr bs fdhnerf gung Ehqbycu ivfvgf nybat gur jnl.

Ehqbycu pnaabg whzc gb fdhner t2 be n2 sebz n fdhner jvgu n cerfrag. Fvzvyneyl, ur pnaabg whzc sebz fdhner t7 be n7 gb n fdhner jvgu n cerfrag. Gurersber gur zvavzhz gevc ynaqf ba gur fgneg naq raq (2), sbhe rzcgl fdhnerf. naq gjragl svir cerfrag fdhnerf sbe n gbgny cngu bs 31 fdhnerf, be 30 zbirf.

  ->
	q4*	r2	t1*	t2 
	t4	s2	r4	r7
	t6	t7	s5*	t3	
	s1	q2	o1	o2
	q1	q3	o4*	n2	
	n4	n6	n7	o5*
	n3	p2	p4	p7	
	q5	q6	q7*

Va bar yvar: q4 r2 t1 t2 t4 s2 r4 r7 t6 t7 s5 t3 s1 q2 o1 o2 q1 q3 o4 n2 n4 n6 n7 o5 n3 p2 p4 p7 q5 q6 q7

[vzntr:5OP4SP92-3882-4RS3-88N9-97845N4QN7O8-43734-00023QRNSO4R6RRO/EFF Dhvm Ehqbycu Dhrfgvba.cat]

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