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Railo CloudFormation example with nginx
{
"AWSTemplateFormatVersion" : "2010-09-09",
"Description" : "AWS CloudFormation template to deploy railo4/tomcat7/nginx.",
"Parameters" : {
"KeyName" : {
"Default" : "bacfug",
"Description" : "Name of an existing EC2 KeyPair to enable SSH access to the instances",
"Type" : "String"
},
"InstanceType" : {
"Description" : "EC2 instance type",
"Type" : "String",
"Default" : "t1.micro",
"AllowedValues" : [ "t1.micro","m1.small","m1.medium","m1.large","m1.xlarge","m2.xlarge","m2.2xlarge","m2.4xlarge","c1.medium","c1.xlarge","cc1.4xlarge","cc2.8xlarge","cg1.4xlarge"],
"ConstraintDescription" : "must be a valid EC2 instance type."
}
},
"Mappings" : {
"AWSInstanceType2Arch" : {
"t1.micro" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m1.small" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m1.medium" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m1.large" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"m2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"c1.medium" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"c1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64" },
"cc1.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64HVM" },
"cc2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64HVM" },
"cg1.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "64HVM" }
},
"AWSRegionArch2AMI" : {
"us-east-1" : { "32" : "ami-31814f58", "64" : "ami-1b814f72", "64HVM" : "ami-0da96764" },
"us-west-2" : { "32" : "ami-38fe7308", "64" : "ami-96ef63a6", "64HVM" : "NOT_YET_SUPPORTED" },
"us-west-1" : { "32" : "ami-11d68a54", "64" : "ami-1bd68a5e", "64HVM" : "NOT_YET_SUPPORTED" },
"eu-west-1" : { "32" : "ami-973b06e3", "64" : "ami-953b06e1", "64HVM" : "NOT_YET_SUPPORTED" },
"ap-southeast-1" : { "32" : "ami-b4b0cae6", "64" : "ami-beb0caec", "64HVM" : "NOT_YET_SUPPORTED" },
"ap-northeast-1" : { "32" : "ami-0644f007", "64" : "ami-0a44f00b", "64HVM" : "NOT_YET_SUPPORTED" },
"sa-east-1" : { "32" : "ami-3e3be423", "64" : "ami-3c3be421", "64HVM" : "NOT_YET_SUPPORTED" }
}
},
"Resources" : {
"CfnUser" : {
"Type" : "AWS::IAM::User",
"Properties" : {
"Path": "/",
"Policies": [{
"PolicyName": "root",
"PolicyDocument": { "Statement":[{
"Effect":"Allow",
"Action" : [
"cloudformation:DescribeStackResource",
"s3:GetObject"
],
"Resource":"*"
}]}
}]
}
},
"CfnKeys" : {
"Type" : "AWS::IAM::AccessKey",
"Properties" : {
"UserName" : {"Ref": "CfnUser"}
}
},
"HostKeys" : {
"Type" : "AWS::IAM::AccessKey",
"Properties" : {
"UserName" : {"Ref": "CfnUser"}
}
},
"WebServer": {
"Type": "AWS::EC2::Instance",
"Metadata" : {
"AWS::CloudFormation::Init" : {
"config" : {
"packages" : {
"apt" : {
"nginx" : [],
"tomcat6" : [],
"git" : []
}
},
"sources": {
"/tmp/railo/": "http://www.getrailo.org/down.cfm?item=/railo/remote/download/4.0.0.013/custom/all/railo-4.0.0.013-jars.tar.gz"
,"/tmp/tomcat_conf/": "https://gist.github.com/gists/3745673/download"
},
"files" : {
"/tmp/index.cfm" : {
"content" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"<cfdump var='#server#'>\n"
]]},
"mode" : "000755",
"owner" : "root",
"group" : "root"
},
"/tmp/nginx/default" : {
"content" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"server {\n",
"# Main Railo proxy handler\n",
"location ~ \\.(cfm|cfml|cfc|jsp|cfr)(.*)$ {\n",
"proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;\n",
"proxy_redirect off;\n",
"proxy_set_header Host $host;\n",
"proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $host;\n",
"proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Server $host;\n",
"proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;\n",
"proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;\n",
"}\n",
"root /usr/share/nginx/www;\n",
"index index.cfm index.html index.htm;\n",
"}\n"
]]},
"mode" : "000755",
"owner" : "root",
"group" : "root"
}
}
,"services" : {
"sysvinit" : {
"nginx" : { "enabled" : "true", "ensureRunning" : "true" },
"tomcat6" : { "enabled" : "true", "ensureRunning" : "true" }
}
}
}
}
},
"Properties": {
"ImageId" : { "Fn::FindInMap" : [ "AWSRegionArch2AMI", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" },
{ "Fn::FindInMap" : [ "AWSInstanceType2Arch", { "Ref" : "InstanceType" }, "Arch" ] } ] },
"InstanceType" : { "Ref" : "InstanceType" },
"SecurityGroups" : [ {"Ref" : "WebServerSecurityGroup"} ],
"KeyName" : { "Ref" : "KeyName" },
"UserData" : { "Fn::Base64" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"#!/bin/bash\n",
"apt-get update\n",
"# Helper function\n",
"function error_exit\n",
"{\n",
" cfn-signal -e 1 -r \"$1\" '", { "Ref" : "WaitHandle" }, "'\n",
" exit 1\n",
"}\n",
"apt-get -y install python-setuptools\n",
"easy_install https://s3.amazonaws.com/cloudformation-examples/aws-cfn-bootstrap-1.0-6.tar.gz\n",
"cfn-init -v -s ", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" }, " -r WebServer ",
" --access-key ", { "Ref" : "HostKeys" },
" --secret-key ", {"Fn::GetAtt": ["HostKeys", "SecretAccessKey"]},
" --region ", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, " || error_exit 'Failed to run cfn-init'\n",
"chown tomcat6 /var/lib/tomcat6/webapps/ROOT\n",
"chown tomcat6 /usr/share/tomcat6/lib\n",
"cp /tmp/index.cfm /var/lib/tomcat6/webapps/ROOT/index.cfm\n",
"cp /tmp/railo/railo-4.0.0.013-jars/* /usr/share/tomcat6/lib/\n",
"cp /tmp/tomcat_conf/gist3745673-f5ade74eed784f31aea0628b90ce3873e0a5103c/web.xml /var/lib/tomcat6/conf/web.xml\n",
"cp /tmp/nginx/default /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default\n",
"/etc/init.d/tomcat6 restart\n",
"/etc/init.d/nginx restart\n",
"# All is well so signal success\n",
"cfn-signal -e 0 -r \"Railo setup complete\" '", { "Ref" : "WaitHandle" }, "'\n"
]]}}
}
}
,"WaitHandle" : {
"Type" : "AWS::CloudFormation::WaitConditionHandle"
}
,"WaitCondition" : {
"Type" : "AWS::CloudFormation::WaitCondition",
"DependsOn" : "WebServer",
"Properties" : {
"Handle" : {"Ref" : "WaitHandle"},
"Timeout" : "300"
}
},
"WebServerSecurityGroup" : {
"Type" : "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup",
"Properties" : {
"GroupDescription" : "Enable HTTP access via port 80,8080, and SSH access",
"SecurityGroupIngress" : [
{"IpProtocol" : "tcp", "FromPort" : "80", "ToPort" : "80", "CidrIp" : "0.0.0.0/0"},
{"IpProtocol" : "tcp", "FromPort" : "8080", "ToPort" : "8080", "CidrIp" : "0.0.0.0/0"},
{"IpProtocol" : "tcp", "FromPort" : "22", "ToPort" : "22", "CidrIp" : "0.0.0.0/0"}
]
}
}
},
"Outputs" : {
"WebsiteURL" : {
"Value" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", ["http://", { "Fn::GetAtt" : [ "WebServer", "PublicDnsName" ]}, ""]] },
"Description" : "Railo Installation"
}
}
}
@jeisenlo

This is wonderful, thank you for sharing!

Your description says that this installs tomcat7, but the template only references tomcat6...

@mvanleest

Nice! Thanks for sharing!

@thoskam

Has anyone gotten this to work with Cloudformation? I just tried it and could not get it to launch. I pretty new to the whole concept so im sure im missing something...

@timmaybrown

This is awesome! Same question about tomcat 7 vs tomcat 6 where in this template is that controlled? Is that based on the AMI used? Hopefully this will work...

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