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color-string to color-string-with-alpha conversion: works with any common CSS-defined color format including: rgba, rgb, r%g%b%, #rgb, #rrggbb, hsl, hsla mostly useful in drawing with alpha/opacity/transparency onto a HTML5 canvas element with passed on color strings

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colorhelpersforcanvas.js
JavaScript
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"use strict";
String.prototype.colorNameToHex = function (returnUnresolved) { // color list from http://stackoverflow.com/q/1573053/731179 with added gray/gray
var hexRGB, definedColorNames = {"aliceblue": "#f0f8ff", "antiquewhite": "#faebd7", "aqua": "#00ffff", "aquamarine": "#7fffd4", "azure": "#f0ffff", "beige": "#f5f5dc", "bisque": "#ffe4c4", "black": "#000000", "blanchedalmond": "#ffebcd", "blue": "#0000ff", "blueviolet": "#8a2be2", "brown": "#a52a2a", "burlywood": "#deb887", "cadetblue": "#5f9ea0", "chartreuse": "#7fff00", "chocolate": "#d2691e", "coral": "#ff7f50", "cornflowerblue": "#6495ed", "cornsilk": "#fff8dc", "crimson": "#dc143c", "cyan": "#00ffff", "darkblue": "#00008b", "darkcyan": "#008b8b", "darkgoldenrod": "#b8860b", "darkgray": "#a9a9a9", "darkgreen": "#006400", "darkkhaki": "#bdb76b", "darkmagenta": "#8b008b", "darkolivegreen": "#556b2f", "darkorange": "#ff8c00", "darkorchid": "#9932cc", "darkred": "#8b0000", "darksalmon": "#e9967a", "darkseagreen": "#8fbc8f", "darkslateblue": "#483d8b", "darkslategray": "#2f4f4f", "darkturquoise": "#00ced1", "darkviolet": "#9400d3", "deeppink": "#ff1493", "deepskyblue": "#00bfff", "dimgray": "#696969", "dodgerblue": "#1e90ff", "firebrick": "#b22222", "floralwhite": "#fffaf0", "forestgreen": "#228b22", "fuchsia": "#ff00ff", "gainsboro": "#dcdcdc", "ghostwhite": "#f8f8ff", "gold": "#ffd700", "goldenrod": "#daa520", "gray": "#808080", "green": "#008000", "greenyellow": "#adff2f", "honeydew": "#f0fff0", "hotpink": "#ff69b4", "indianred ": "#cd5c5c", "indigo ": "#4b0082", "ivory": "#fffff0", "khaki": "#f0e68c", "lavender": "#e6e6fa", "lavenderblush": "#fff0f5", "lawngreen": "#7cfc00", "lemonchiffon": "#fffacd", "lightblue": "#add8e6", "lightcoral": "#f08080", "lightcyan": "#e0ffff", "lightgoldenrodyellow": "#fafad2", "lightgrey": "#d3d3d3", "lightgreen": "#90ee90", "lightpink": "#ffb6c1", "lightsalmon": "#ffa07a", "lightseagreen": "#20b2aa", "lightskyblue": "#87cefa", "lightslategray": "#778899", "lightsteelblue": "#b0c4de", "lightyellow": "#ffffe0", "lime": "#00ff00", "limegreen": "#32cd32", "linen": "#faf0e6", "magenta": "#ff00ff", "maroon": "#800000", "mediumaquamarine": "#66cdaa", "mediumblue": "#0000cd", "mediumorchid": "#ba55d3", "mediumpurple": "#9370d8", "mediumseagreen": "#3cb371", "mediumslateblue": "#7b68ee", "mediumspringgreen": "#00fa9a", "mediumturquoise": "#48d1cc", "mediumvioletred": "#c71585", "midnightblue": "#191970", "mintcream": "#f5fffa", "mistyrose": "#ffe4e1", "moccasin": "#ffe4b5", "navajowhite": "#ffdead", "navy": "#000080", "oldlace": "#fdf5e6", "olive": "#808000", "olivedrab": "#6b8e23", "orange": "#ffa500", "orangered": "#ff4500", "orchid": "#da70d6", "palegoldenrod": "#eee8aa", "palegreen": "#98fb98", "paleturquoise": "#afeeee", "palevioletred": "#d87093", "papayawhip": "#ffefd5", "peachpuff": "#ffdab9", "peru": "#cd853f", "pink": "#ffc0cb", "plum": "#dda0dd", "powderblue": "#b0e0e6", "purple": "#800080", "red": "#ff0000", "rosybrown": "#bc8f8f", "royalblue": "#4169e1", "saddlebrown": "#8b4513", "salmon": "#fa8072", "sandybrown": "#f4a460", "seagreen": "#2e8b57", "seashell": "#fff5ee", "sienna": "#a0522d", "silver": "#c0c0c0", "skyblue": "#87ceeb", "slateblue": "#6a5acd", "slategray": "#708090", "snow": "#fffafa", "springgreen": "#00ff7f", "steelblue": "#4682b4", "tan": "#d2b48c", "teal": "#008080", "thistle": "#d8bfd8", "tomato": "#ff6347", "turquoise": "#40e0d0", "violet": "#ee82ee", "wheat": "#f5deb3", "white": "#ffffff", "whitesmoke": "#f5f5f5", "yellow": "#ffff00", "yellowgreen": "#9acd32", "darkgrey": "#a9a9a9", "darkslategrey": "#2f4f4f", "dimgrey": "#696969", "grey": "#808080", "lightgray": "#d3d3d3", "lightslategrey": "#778899", "slategrey": "#708090"};
if (definedColorNames[this.toLowerCase()] !== undefined) {
hexRGB = definedColorNames[this.toLowerCase()];
// to keep unresolved strings set flag returnUnresolved to true
} else {if (returnUnresolved) {hexRGB = this; } else {hexRGB = undefined; } }
return hexRGB;
};
 
String.prototype.setAlpha = function (alpha) {
// change alpha of color string in any css color space
// intended for use in canvas/svg
// currently implemented:
// css defined colors > rgba
// rgba, rgb, r%g%b%, #rgb, #rrggbb > rgba
// hsl, hsla > hsla
// unresolved > as is
//
// If no alpha is passed its is set to 1 or keeps the value in rgba/hsla
 
// kill whitespace split at "(", ")", ","
var i, hex, c = this.replace(/\s/g, '').split(/[\(\),]/);
function extractHex(string) {
if (string.charAt(0) === "#") { // detect hex strings
hex = string.replace(/#/g, '');
string = "hex";
} else {hex = undefined; }
return string;
}
extractHex(c[0]);
if (["rgba", "rgb", "hsla", "hsl", "hex"].indexOf(c[0]) === -1) {
c[0] = extractHex(c[0].colorNameToHex(1)); // detect defined color names
}
switch (c[0]) {
case "rgba":
if (alpha === undefined) {alpha = c[4]; }
c = "rgba(" + c[1] + ", " + c[2] + ", " + c[3] + ", " + alpha + ")";
break;
case "rgb":
if (alpha === undefined) {alpha = 1; }
// if colors are in percentage values
for (i = 1; i <= 3; i = i + 1) {
if (c[i].charAt(c[i].length - 1) === "%") {
c[i] = Math.round(c[i].replace(/%/g, '') * 2.55);
}
}
c = "rgba(" + c[1] + ", " + c[2] + ", " + c[3] + ", " + alpha + ")";
break;
case "hsl":
if (alpha === undefined) {alpha = 1; }
c = "hsla(" + c[1] + ", " + c[2] + ", " + c[3] + ", " + alpha + ")";
break;
case "hsla":
if (alpha === undefined) {alpha = c[4]; }
c = "hsla(" + c[1] + ", " + c[2] + ", " + c[3] + ", " + alpha + ")";
break;
case "hex":
if (alpha === undefined) {alpha = 1; }
if (hex.length === 3) {
c[1] = parseInt(hex.charAt(0) + hex.charAt(0), 16);
c[2] = parseInt(hex.charAt(1) + hex.charAt(1), 16);
c[3] = parseInt(hex.charAt(2) + hex.charAt(2), 16);
} else if (hex.length === 6) {
c[1] = parseInt(hex.charAt(0) + hex.charAt(1), 16);
c[2] = parseInt(hex.charAt(2) + hex.charAt(3), 16);
c[3] = parseInt(hex.charAt(4) + hex.charAt(5), 16);
} else {break; }
c = "rgba(" + c[1] + ", " + c[2] + ", " + c[3] + ", " + alpha + ")";
break;
default: c = this; break;
}
return c;
};
colorhelpersforcanvas.testcases.js
JavaScript
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// test cases setAlpha
var fillColor = "orange";
console.log(fillColor);
console.log("orange".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("rgb(100,100,0)".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("rgba(100,100,0,0.7)".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("#FFF".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("#000".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("#030303".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("rgb(100%, 0%, 0%)".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("hsla(120, 100%, 50%, 0.1)".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("hsl(120, 100%, 50%)".setAlpha(0.3));
console.log("black".setAlpha(0.3));
// Test case empty value should return 1 or alpha from rgba/hsla
console.log(fillColor.setAlpha());
console.log("rgb(100,100,0)".setAlpha());
console.log("rgba(100,100,0,0.123)".setAlpha());
console.log("#FFF".setAlpha());
console.log("#000".setAlpha());
console.log("#030303".setAlpha());
console.log("rgb(100%, 0%, 0%)".setAlpha());
console.log("hsla(120, 100%, 50%, 0.123)".setAlpha());
console.log("hsl(120, 100%, 50%)".setAlpha());
console.log("black".setAlpha());
console.log("black".colorNameToHex());
// test for colorNameToHex
console.log("rgba(100,100,0,0.7)".colorNameToHex());
console.log("rgba(100,100,0,0.7)".colorNameToHex(1));
console.log("rgba(100,100,0,0.7)".colorNameToHex(true));

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