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Last active November 26, 2022 08:46
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Code for trapping focus inside modal
// add all the elements inside modal which you want to make focusable
const focusableElements =
'button, [href], input, select, textarea, [tabindex]:not([tabindex="-1"])';
const modal = document.querySelector('#exampleModal'); // select the modal by it's id
const firstFocusableElement = modal.querySelectorAll(focusableElements)[0]; // get first element to be focused inside modal
const focusableContent = modal.querySelectorAll(focusableElements);
const lastFocusableElement = focusableContent[focusableContent.length - 1]; // get last element to be focused inside modal
document.addEventListener('keydown', function(e) {
let isTabPressed = e.key === 'Tab' || e.keyCode === 9;
if (!isTabPressed) {
if (e.shiftKey) { // if shift key pressed for shift + tab combination
if (document.activeElement === firstFocusableElement) {
lastFocusableElement.focus(); // add focus for the last focusable element
} else { // if tab key is pressed
if (document.activeElement === lastFocusableElement) { // if focused has reached to last focusable element then focus first focusable element after pressing tab
firstFocusableElement.focus(); // add focus for the first focusable element
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