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Creating a Set Type in Swift
// The MIT License (MIT)
//
// Copyright (c) 2014 Nate Cook
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
// of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
// in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
// to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
// copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
// furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
// copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
// AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
// LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
// OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
// SOFTWARE.
import Foundation
public struct Set<T: Hashable> : Equatable {
typealias Element = T
private var contents: [Element: Bool]
public init() {
self.contents = [Element: Bool]()
}
public init<S: SequenceType where S.Generator.Element == Element>(_ sequence: S) {
self.contents = [Element: Bool]()
Swift.map(sequence) { self.contents[$0] = true }
}
/// The number of elements in the Set.
public var count: Int { return contents.count }
/// Returns `true` if the Set is empty.
public var isEmpty: Bool { return contents.isEmpty }
/// The elements of the Set as an array.
public var elements: [Element] { return Array(self.contents.keys) }
/// Returns `true` if the Set contains `element`.
public func contains(element: Element) -> Bool {
return contents[element] ?? false
}
/// Add `newElements` to the Set.
public mutating func add(newElements: Element...) {
newElements.map { self.contents[$0] = true }
}
/// Remove `element` from the Set.
public mutating func remove(element: Element) -> Element? {
return contents.removeValueForKey(element) != nil ? element : nil
}
/// Removes all elements from the Set.
public mutating func removeAll() {
contents = [Element: Bool]()
}
/// Returns a new Set including only those elements `x` where `includeElement(x)` is true.
public func filter(includeElement: (T) -> Bool) -> Set<T> {
return Set(self.contents.keys.filter(includeElement))
}
/// Returns a new Set where each element `x` is transformed by `transform(x)`.
public func map<U>(transform: (T) -> U) -> Set<U> {
return Set<U>(self.contents.keys.map(transform))
}
/// Returns a single value by iteratively combining each element of the Set.
public func reduce<U>(var initial: U, combine: (U, T) -> U) -> U {
return Swift.reduce(self, initial, combine)
}
}
// MARK: SequenceType
extension Set : SequenceType {
typealias Generator = MapSequenceGenerator<DictionaryGenerator<T, Bool>, T>
/// Creates a generator for the items of the set.
public func generate() -> Generator {
return contents.keys.generate()
}
}
// MARK: ArrayLiteralConvertible
extension Set : ArrayLiteralConvertible {
public static func convertFromArrayLiteral(elements: T...) -> Set<T> {
return Set(elements)
}
}
// MARK: Set Operations
extension Set {
/// Returns `true` if the Set has the exact same members as `set`.
public func isEqualToSet(set: Set<T>) -> Bool {
return self.contents == set.contents
}
/// Returns `true` if the Set shares any members with `set`.
public func intersectsWithSet(set: Set<T>) -> Bool {
for elem in self {
if set.contains(elem) {
return true
}
}
return false
}
/// Returns `true` if all members of the Set are part of `set`.
public func isSubsetOfSet(set: Set<T>) -> Bool {
for elem in self {
if !set.contains(elem) {
return false
}
}
return true
}
/// Returns `true` if all members of `set` are part of the Set.
public func isSupersetOfSet(set: Set<T>) -> Bool {
return set.isSubsetOfSet(self)
}
/// Modifies the Set to add all members of `set`.
public mutating func unionSet(set: Set<T>) {
for elem in set {
self.add(elem)
}
}
/// Modifies the Set to remove any members also in `set`.
public mutating func subtractSet(set: Set<T>) {
for elem in set {
self.remove(elem)
}
}
/// Modifies the Set to include only members that are also in `set`.
public mutating func intersectSet(set: Set<T>) {
self = self.filter { set.contains($0) }
}
/// Returns a new Set that contains all the elements of both this set and the set passed in.
public func setByUnionWithSet(var set: Set<T>) -> Set<T> {
set.extend(self)
return set
}
/// Returns a new Set that contains only the elements in both this set and the set passed in.
public func setByIntersectionWithSet(var set: Set<T>) -> Set<T> {
set.intersectSet(self)
return set
}
/// Returns a new Set that contains only the elements in this set *not* also in the set passed in.
public func setBySubtractingSet(set: Set<T>) -> Set<T> {
var newSet = self
newSet.subtractSet(set)
return newSet
}
}
// MARK: ExtensibleCollectionType
extension Set : ExtensibleCollectionType {
typealias Index = Int
public var startIndex: Int { return 0 }
public var endIndex: Int { return self.count }
public subscript(i: Int) -> Element {
return Array(self.contents.keys)[i]
}
public mutating func reserveCapacity(n: Int) {
// can't really do anything with this
}
/// Adds newElement to the Set.
public mutating func append(newElement: Element) {
self.add(newElement)
}
/// Extends the Set by adding all the elements of `seq`.
public mutating func extend<S : SequenceType where S.Generator.Element == Element>(seq: S) {
Swift.map(seq) { self.contents[$0] = true }
}
}
// MARK: Printable
extension Set : Printable, DebugPrintable {
public var description: String {
return "Set(\(self.elements))"
}
public var debugDescription: String {
return description
}
}
// MARK: Operators
public func +=<T>(inout lhs: Set<T>, rhs: T) {
lhs.add(rhs)
}
public func +=<T>(inout lhs: Set<T>, rhs: Set<T>) {
lhs.unionSet(rhs)
}
public func +<T>(lhs: Set<T>, rhs: Set<T>) -> Set<T> {
return lhs.setByUnionWithSet(rhs)
}
public func ==<T>(lhs: Set<T>, rhs: Set<T>) -> Bool {
return lhs.isEqualToSet(rhs)
}
// MARK: - Tests
let vowelSet = Set("aeiou")
let alphabetSet = Set("abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz")
let emptySet = Set<Int>()
assert(vowelSet.isSubsetOfSet(alphabetSet) == true)
assert(vowelSet.isSupersetOfSet(alphabetSet) == false)
assert(alphabetSet.isSupersetOfSet(vowelSet) == true)
assert(emptySet.isEmpty)
assert(vowelSet.count == 5)
assert(vowelSet.contains("b") == false)
var mutableVowelSet = vowelSet
mutableVowelSet.add("a")
assert(mutableVowelSet.count == 5)
mutableVowelSet += "y"
assert(mutableVowelSet.count == 6)
mutableVowelSet += Set("åáâäàéêèëíîïìøóôöòúûüù")
assert(mutableVowelSet.intersectsWithSet(alphabetSet) == true)
assert(mutableVowelSet.isSubsetOfSet(alphabetSet) == false)
var newLetterSet = alphabetSet.setByIntersectionWithSet(mutableVowelSet)
newLetterSet.remove("y")
assert(newLetterSet == vowelSet)
let bracketedLetterSet = vowelSet.map { "[\($0)]" }
assert(bracketedLetterSet.contains("[a]") == true)
// MARK: - Timing
func timeBlock(block: () -> Int) -> (Int, NSTimeInterval) {
let start = NSDate()
let result = block()
return (result, NSDate().timeIntervalSinceDate(start))
}
var timedSet = Set<Int>()
var timedArray = Array<Int>()
let (setCreatedCount, setCreatedTime) = timeBlock {
for _ in 1...1_000 {
let num = Int(arc4random_uniform(1_000))
timedSet.add(num)
}
return timedSet.count
}
println("Set added \(setCreatedCount) unique elements in \(setCreatedTime).")
let (setMatchedCount, setMatchedTime) = timeBlock {
var matchCount = 0
for _ in 1...1_000 {
let num = Int(arc4random_uniform(1_000))
if timedSet.contains(num) {
++matchCount
}
}
return matchCount
}
println("Set matched \(setMatchedCount) elements out of 1000 in \(setMatchedTime).")
let (arrayCreatedCount, arrayCreatedTime) = timeBlock {
for _ in 1...1_000 {
let num = Int(arc4random_uniform(1_000))
timedArray.append(num)
}
return timedArray.count
}
println("Array added \(arrayCreatedCount) elements in \(arrayCreatedTime).")
let (arrayMatchedCount, arrayMatchedTime) = timeBlock {
var matchCount = 0
for _ in 1...1_000 {
let num = Int(arc4random_uniform(1_000))
if contains(timedArray, num) {
++matchCount
}
}
return matchCount
}
println("Array matched \(arrayMatchedCount) elements out of 1000 in \(arrayMatchedTime).")
println()
println("Array \(Int(setCreatedTime / arrayCreatedTime))x faster at creation than Set.")
println("Set \(Int(arrayMatchedTime / setMatchedTime))x faster at lookup than Array.")
/*
Set added 637 unique elements in 1.2172309756279.
Set matched 650 elements out of 1000 in 0.00271201133728027.
Array added 1000 elements in 0.00527894496917725.
Array matched 612 elements out of 1000 in 2.09512096643448.
Array 230x faster at creation than Set.
Set 772x faster at lookup than Array.
*/

This is a great class, but I do not believe it works with the latest Xcode. It looks like they have changed the ArrayLiteralConvertible extension

mabene commented Dec 16, 2014

Try to rewrite that extension as:

extension Set : ArrayLiteralConvertible {
    init(arrayLiteral elements: T...) {
        self.init(elements)
    }
}
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