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Stand alone JavaScript polyfill allow only numbers on input of type number.
/**
* Stand alone polyfill allow only numbers on input of type number.
*
* While input filtering is already supported by default by some browsers, maximum length has not been implemented by
* any. This script will solve both issue and make sure that only digits can be entered in input elements of type
* number. If the optional attribute `max` is set, it will calculate it's length and mimic the `maxlength` behavior on
* input of type text.
*
* Supports:
*
* - Browsers: IE8+ and any other browsers.
*
* Limitations:
*
* - Must use an addEventListener polyfill (e.g. https://github.com/nbouvrette/eventListenerPolyfill) for IE8 support.
* - Must use HTML5shiv (https://github.com/afarkas/html5shiv) for IE8 support.
*
* Usage:
*
* <input type="number" id="number" min="0" max="100">
* <script>
* var number = document.getElementById("number");
* inputTypeNumberPolyfill.polyfillElement(number);
* </script>
*/
window.inputTypeNumberPolyfill = {
/**
* Does the clipboard contain a numerical value?
*
* @private
*
* @param {Event} event - The paste event triggering this method.
*/
clipboardIsNumeric: function (event) {
event = (event) ? event : window.event;
var clipboardData = (event.clipboardData) ? event.clipboardData.getData('Text') : window.clipboardData.getData('Text');
var isNumber = /^\d+$/.test(clipboardData);
return (isNumber);
},
/**
* Is the clipboard data bigger than the element's maximum length?
*
* @private
*
* @param {Event} event - The paste event triggering this method.
* @param {HTMLElement|HTMLInputElement} element - The HTML element.
*/
eventIsBlockedByMaxWhenPasting: function (event, element) {
var maximumValueLength = this.getMaxValueLength(element);
if (maximumValueLength) {
event = (event) ? event : window.event;
var clipboardData = (event.clipboardData) ? event.clipboardData.getData('Text') : window.clipboardData.getData('Text');
var clipboardDataLength = (typeof clipboardData == 'undefined') ? 0 : clipboardData.length;
var selectedTextLength = this.getSelectedTextLength(event, element);
return ((element.value.length + clipboardDataLength - selectedTextLength) > maximumValueLength);
}
return false;
},
/**
* Get the selected text length.
*
* @private
*
* There are multiple bugs linked to selection in all major current browsers. This method works around the
* documented problems mentioned below:
*
* - Chrome: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/21177489/selectionstart-selectionend-on-input-type-number-no-longer-allowed-in-chrome
* - Firefox: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=85686
*
* @param {Event|KeyboardEvent} event - The event triggering this method.
* @param {HTMLElement|HTMLInputElement} element - The HTML element.
*
* @returns {Number} Returns the selected text length or 0 when unable to get it.
*/
getSelectedTextLength: function (event, element) {
var selectionLength = 0;
try {
// Used by Firefox and modern IE (using a Chrome workaround).
selectionLength = (element.selectionEnd - element.selectionStart);
selectionLength = (typeof selectionLength == 'number' && !isNaN(selectionLength)) ? selectionLength : 0;
} catch (error) {
}
if (!selectionLength) {
if (window.getSelection) {
// Used by Chrome.
var selection = window.getSelection();
selectionLength = (selection == 'undefined') ? 0 : selection.toString().length;
} else if (document.selection && document.selection.type != 'None') {
// Used IE8.
var textRange = document.selection.createRange();
selectionLength = textRange.text.length;
}
}
return selectionLength;
},
/**
* Is the next typed character blocked by element's maximum length?
*
* @private
*
* @param {KeyboardEvent} event - The Keyboard event triggering this method.
* @param {HTMLElement|HTMLInputElement} element - The HTML element.
*/
eventIsBlockedByMaxWhenTyping: function (event, element) {
var maximumValueLength = this.getMaxValueLength(element);
if (maximumValueLength) {
event = (event) ? event : window.event;
var selectedTextLength = this.getSelectedTextLength(event, element);
var characterLength = this.getCharCodeLength(event);
return ((element.value.length - selectedTextLength + characterLength) > maximumValueLength);
}
return false;
},
/**
* Does the element have a max attribute set? And if it is valid, what is its length.
*
* @private
*
* @param {HTMLElement|HTMLInputElement} element - The HTML element.
*/
getMaxValueLength: function (element) {
var maximumValue = element.getAttribute('max');
if (!maximumValue || !/^\d+$/.test(maximumValue)) {
return 0;
} else {
return maximumValue.length;
}
},
/**
* Is the event's character a digit?
*
* @private
*
* @param {KeyboardEvent} event - The Keyboard event triggering this method.
*/
eventKeyIsDigit: function (event) {
event = (event) ? event : window.event;
var keyCode = (event.which) ? event.which : event.keyCode;
return (this.codeIsADigit(keyCode) || this.charCodeIsAllowed(event));
},
/**
* Is a given keyboard event code (charCode or keyCode) a digit?
*
* @private
*
* @param {Number|Object} code - The Keyboard event key code.
*/
codeIsADigit: function (code) {
var stringCode = String.fromCharCode(code);
return /^\d$/.test(stringCode);
},
/**
* Is the charCode of this event allowed?
*
* @private
*
* Some browsers already filter keys for input of type number which means some `onkeypress` event will never get
* triggered. For other browsers (e.g. Firefox) we need to filter which keys are pressed to only allow digits and
* any other non typeable keys. There are 3 types of keys we want to let go through:
*
* - Digits.
* - Non typeable characters (moving arrows, backspace, del, tab, etc.).
* - Key combinations (alt, ctrl, shift, etc) - used for copy paste and other functionalities.
*
* @param {KeyboardEvent} event - The Keyboard event triggering this method.
*/
charCodeIsAllowed: function (event) {
event = (event) ? event : window.event;
var charCode = event.charCode;
var keyCode = (event.which) ? event.which : event.keyCode;
charCode = (typeof charCode === 'undefined') ? keyCode : charCode; // IE8 fallback.
if (charCode === 0) {
// Non typeable characters are allowed.
return true;
} else if (event.altKey || event.ctrlKey || event.shiftKey || event.metaKey) {
// All combinations are allowed.
return true
} else if (!this.codeIsADigit(charCode)) {
// Any other character that is not a digit will be blocked.
return false;
}
// The only characters left are numeric, so we let them through.
return true;
},
/**
* Get the character code length.
*
* @private
*
* @param {KeyboardEvent} event - The Keyboard event triggering this method.
*/
getCharCodeLength: function (event) {
event = (event) ? event : window.event;
var charCode = event.charCode;
var keyCode = (event.which) ? event.which : event.keyCode;
charCode = (typeof charCode === 'undefined') ? keyCode : charCode; // IE8 fallback.
if (charCode === 0) {
// Non typeable characters have no length.
return 0;
} else if (event.altKey || event.ctrlKey || event.shiftKey || event.metaKey) {
// All combinations have no length.
return 0
} else if (!this.codeIsADigit(charCode)) {
// All non-allowed characters have 0 length (because they will be blocked).
return 0;
}
return 1; // By default a character has a length of 1.
},
/**
* Polyfill a given element.
*
* @param {HTMLElement|HTMLInputElement} element - The HTML element.
*/
polyfillElement: function (element) {
element.addEventListener('keypress', function (event) {
if (!inputTypeNumberPolyfill.eventKeyIsDigit(event) ||
inputTypeNumberPolyfill.eventIsBlockedByMaxWhenTyping(event, element)) {
event.preventDefault();
}
});
element.addEventListener('paste', function (event) {
if (!inputTypeNumberPolyfill.clipboardIsNumeric(event) ||
inputTypeNumberPolyfill.eventIsBlockedByMaxWhenPasting(event, element)) {
event.preventDefault();
}
});
}
};
@JustAndrei

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commented Jan 11, 2017

Great work!
However, why does it allow to enter uppercase letters and symbols, when pressing Shift?
Also, it would be nice to have a configurable set of allowed chars.

@jonathan-ownbey

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commented Jan 24, 2017

I noticed that it tests for max values by length rather than actual value. Is that intentional, as it would allow 999 to be valid if 100 were specified as max. Awesome work though. I'm not bagging on it at all. =)

@vkopichenko

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@technofreak

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commented Oct 19, 2018

@nbourvrette Does this expected work on Safari? Looks like it doesn't.

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