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Using Swagger for Implicit Grant on Azure AD
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using Swashbuckle;
using Swashbuckle.Swagger;
using System.Web.Http.Description;
namespace TodoListService
public class AssignOAuth2SecurityRequirements : IOperationFilter
public void Apply(Operation operation, SchemaRegistry schemaRegistry, ApiDescription apiDescription)
/*var actFilters = apiDescription.ActionDescriptor.GetFilterPipeline();
var allowsAnonymous = actFilters.Select(f => f.Instance).OfType<OverrideAuthorizationAttribute>().Any();
if (allowsAnonymous)
return; // must be an anonymous method*/
//var scopes = apiDescription.ActionDescriptor.GetFilterPipeline()
// .Select(filterInfo => filterInfo.Instance)
// .OfType<AllowAnonymousAttribute>()
// .SelectMany(attr => attr.Roles.Split(','))
// .Distinct();
if ( == null) = new List<IDictionary<string, IEnumerable<string>>>();
var oAuthRequirements = new Dictionary<string, IEnumerable<string>>
{"oauth2", new List<string> {"profile", "user_impersonation"}}
using System.Web.Http;
using WebActivatorEx;
using TodoListService;
using Swashbuckle.Application;
using System.Collections.Generic;
[assembly: PreApplicationStartMethod(typeof(SwaggerConfig), "Register")]
namespace TodoListService
public class SwaggerConfig
public static void Register()
var thisAssembly = typeof(SwaggerConfig).Assembly;
.EnableSwagger(c =>
// By default, the service root url is inferred from the request used to access the docs.
// However, there may be situations (e.g. proxy and load-balanced environments) where this does not
// resolve correctly. You can workaround this by providing your own code to determine the root URL.
//c.RootUrl(req => GetRootUrlFromAppConfig());
// If schemes are not explicitly provided in a Swagger 2.0 document, then the scheme used to access
// the docs is taken as the default. If your API supports multiple schemes and you want to be explicit
// about them, you can use the "Schemes" option as shown below.
//c.Schemes(new[] { "http", "https" });
// Use "SingleApiVersion" to describe a single version API. Swagger 2.0 includes an "Info" object to
// hold additional metadata for an API. Version and title are required but you can also provide
// additional fields by chaining methods off SingleApiVersion.
c.SingleApiVersion("v1", "TodoListService");
// If your API has multiple versions, use "MultipleApiVersions" instead of "SingleApiVersion".
// In this case, you must provide a lambda that tells Swashbuckle which actions should be
// included in the docs for a given API version. Like "SingleApiVersion", each call to "Version"
// returns an "Info" builder so you can provide additional metadata per API version.
// (apiDesc, targetApiVersion) => ResolveVersionSupportByRouteConstraint(apiDesc, targetApiVersion),
// (vc) =>
// {
// vc.Version("v2", "Swashbuckle Dummy API V2");
// vc.Version("v1", "Swashbuckle Dummy API V1");
// });
// You can use "BasicAuth", "ApiKey" or "OAuth2" options to describe security schemes for the API.
// See for more details.
// NOTE: These only define the schemes and need to be coupled with a corresponding "security" property
// at the document or operation level to indicate which schemes are required for an operation. To do this,
// you'll need to implement a custom IDocumentFilter and/or IOperationFilter to set these properties
// according to your specific authorization implementation
// .Description("Basic HTTP Authentication");
// NOTE: You must also configure 'EnableApiKeySupport' below in the SwaggerUI section
// .Description("API Key Authentication")
// .Name("apiKey")
// .In("header");
.Description("OAuth2 Implicit Grant")
.AuthorizationUrl(" tenant/oauth2/authorize")
.TokenUrl(" tenant/oauth2/token")
.Scopes(scopes =>
scopes.Add("profile", "Read profile");
scopes.Add("user_impersonation", "Act as user");
// Set this flag to omit descriptions for any actions decorated with the Obsolete attribute
// Each operation be assigned one or more tags which are then used by consumers for various reasons.
// For example, the swagger-ui groups operations according to the first tag of each operation.
// By default, this will be controller name but you can use the "GroupActionsBy" option to
// override with any value.
//c.GroupActionsBy(apiDesc => apiDesc.HttpMethod.ToString());
// You can also specify a custom sort order for groups (as defined by "GroupActionsBy") to dictate
// the order in which operations are listed. For example, if the default grouping is in place
// (controller name) and you specify a descending alphabetic sort order, then actions from a
// ProductsController will be listed before those from a CustomersController. This is typically
// used to customize the order of groupings in the swagger-ui.
//c.OrderActionGroupsBy(new DescendingAlphabeticComparer());
// If you annotate Controllers and API Types with
// Xml comments (, you can incorporate
// those comments into the generated docs and UI. You can enable this by providing the path to one or
// more Xml comment files.
// Swashbuckle makes a best attempt at generating Swagger compliant JSON schemas for the various types
// exposed in your API. However, there may be occasions when more control of the output is needed.
// This is supported through the "MapType" and "SchemaFilter" options:
// Use the "MapType" option to override the Schema generation for a specific type.
// It should be noted that the resulting Schema will be placed "inline" for any applicable Operations.
// While Swagger 2.0 supports inline definitions for "all" Schema types, the swagger-ui tool does not.
// It expects "complex" Schemas to be defined separately and referenced. For this reason, you should only
// use the "MapType" option when the resulting Schema is a primitive or array type. If you need to alter a
// complex Schema, use a Schema filter.
//c.MapType<ProductType>(() => new Schema { type = "integer", format = "int32" });
// If you want to post-modify "complex" Schemas once they've been generated, across the board or for a
// specific type, you can wire up one or more Schema filters.
// In a Swagger 2.0 document, complex types are typically declared globally and referenced by unique
// Schema Id. By default, Swashbuckle does NOT use the full type name in Schema Ids. In most cases, this
// works well because it prevents the "implementation detail" of type namespaces from leaking into your
// Swagger docs and UI. However, if you have multiple types in your API with the same class name, you'll
// need to opt out of this behavior to avoid Schema Id conflicts.
// Alternatively, you can provide your own custom strategy for inferring SchemaId's for
// describing "complex" types in your API.
//c.SchemaId(t => t.FullName.Contains('`') ? t.FullName.Substring(0, t.FullName.IndexOf('`')) : t.FullName);
// Set this flag to omit schema property descriptions for any type properties decorated with the
// Obsolete attribute
// In accordance with the built in JsonSerializer, Swashbuckle will, by default, describe enums as integers.
// You can change the serializer behavior by configuring the StringToEnumConverter globally or for a given
// enum type. Swashbuckle will honor this change out-of-the-box. However, if you use a different
// approach to serialize enums as strings, you can also force Swashbuckle to describe them as strings.
// Similar to Schema filters, Swashbuckle also supports Operation and Document filters:
// Post-modify Operation descriptions once they've been generated by wiring up one or more
// Operation filters.
// If you've defined an OAuth2 flow as described above, you could use a custom filter
// to inspect some attribute on each action and infer which (if any) OAuth2 scopes are required
// to execute the operation
// Post-modify the entire Swagger document by wiring up one or more Document filters.
// This gives full control to modify the final SwaggerDocument. You should have a good understanding of
// the Swagger 2.0 spec. -
// before using this option.
// In contrast to WebApi, Swagger 2.0 does not include the query string component when mapping a URL
// to an action. As a result, Swashbuckle will raise an exception if it encounters multiple actions
// with the same path (sans query string) and HTTP method. You can workaround this by providing a
// custom strategy to pick a winner or merge the descriptions for the purposes of the Swagger docs
//c.ResolveConflictingActions(apiDescriptions => apiDescriptions.First());
// Wrap the default SwaggerGenerator with additional behavior (e.g. caching) or provide an
// alternative implementation for ISwaggerProvider with the CustomProvider option.
//c.CustomProvider((defaultProvider) => new CachingSwaggerProvider(defaultProvider));
.EnableSwaggerUi(c =>
// Use the "InjectStylesheet" option to enrich the UI with one or more additional CSS stylesheets.
// The file must be included in your project as an "Embedded Resource", and then the resource's
// "Logical Name" is passed to the method as shown below.
//c.InjectStylesheet(containingAssembly, "Swashbuckle.Dummy.SwaggerExtensions.testStyles1.css");
// Use the "InjectJavaScript" option to invoke one or more custom JavaScripts after the swagger-ui
// has loaded. The file must be included in your project as an "Embedded Resource", and then the resource's
// "Logical Name" is passed to the method as shown above.
//c.InjectJavaScript(thisAssembly, "Swashbuckle.Dummy.SwaggerExtensions.testScript1.js");
// The swagger-ui renders boolean data types as a dropdown. By default, it provides "true" and "false"
// strings as the possible choices. You can use this option to change these to something else,
// for example 0 and 1.
//c.BooleanValues(new[] { "0", "1" });
// By default, swagger-ui will validate specs against's online validator and display the result
// in a badge at the bottom of the page. Use these options to set a different validator URL or to disable the
// feature entirely.
// Use this option to control how the Operation listing is displayed.
// It can be set to "None" (default), "List" (shows operations for each resource),
// or "Full" (fully expanded: shows operations and their details).
// Specify which HTTP operations will have the 'Try it out!' option. An empty paramter list disables
// it for all operations.
//c.SupportedSubmitMethods("GET", "HEAD");
// Use the CustomAsset option to provide your own version of assets used in the swagger-ui.
// It's typically used to instruct Swashbuckle to return your version instead of the default
// when a request is made for "index.html". As with all custom content, the file must be included
// in your project as an "Embedded Resource", and then the resource's "Logical Name" is passed to
// the method as shown below.
//c.CustomAsset("index", containingAssembly, "YourWebApiProject.SwaggerExtensions.index.html");
// If your API has multiple versions and you've applied the MultipleApiVersions setting
// as described above, you can also enable a select box in the swagger-ui, that displays
// a discovery URL for each version. This provides a convenient way for users to browse documentation
// for different API versions.
// If your API supports the OAuth2 Implicit flow, and you've described it correctly, according to
// the Swagger 2.0 specification, you can enable UI support as shown below.
clientId: "a69...5a5",
clientSecret: "pQR...xE=",
realm: "test-realm",
appName: "Swagger UI",
additionalQueryStringParams: new Dictionary<string, string>() { { "resource", "https://your-tenant/TodoListService" } }
// If your API supports ApiKey, you can override the default values.
// "apiKeyIn" can either be "query" or "header"
//c.EnableApiKeySupport("apiKey", "header");
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