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I use this script to backup my QEMU/KVM/libVirt virtual machines. The script requires KVM 2.1+ since it uses the live blockcommit mode. This means the data in the snapshot disk is rolled back into the original instead of the other way around. Script does NOT handle spaces in paths.
#!/bin/bash
#
BACKUPDEST="$1"
DOMAIN="$2"
MAXBACKUPS="$3"
if [ -z "$BACKUPDEST" -o -z "$DOMAIN" ]; then
echo "Usage: ./vm-backup <backup-folder> <domain> [max-backups]"
exit 1
fi
if [ -z "$MAXBACKUPS" ]; then
MAXBACKUPS=6
fi
echo "Beginning backup for $DOMAIN"
#
# Generate the backup path
#
BACKUPDATE=`date "+%Y-%m-%d.%H%M%S"`
BACKUPDOMAIN="$BACKUPDEST/$DOMAIN"
BACKUP="$BACKUPDOMAIN/$BACKUPDATE"
mkdir -p "$BACKUP"
#
# Get the list of targets (disks) and the image paths.
#
TARGETS=`virsh domblklist "$DOMAIN" --details | grep ^file | grep -v 'cdrom' | grep -v 'floppy' | awk '{print $3}'`
IMAGES=`virsh domblklist "$DOMAIN" --details | grep ^file | grep -v 'cdrom' | grep -v 'floppy' | awk '{print $4}'`
#
# Create the snapshot.
#
DISKSPEC=""
for t in $TARGETS; do
DISKSPEC="$DISKSPEC --diskspec $t,snapshot=external"
done
virsh snapshot-create-as --domain "$DOMAIN" --name backup --no-metadata \
--atomic --disk-only $DISKSPEC >/dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
echo "Failed to create snapshot for $DOMAIN"
exit 1
fi
#
# Copy disk images
#
for t in $IMAGES; do
NAME=`basename "$t"`
cp "$t" "$BACKUP"/"$NAME"
done
#
# Merge changes back.
#
BACKUPIMAGES=`virsh domblklist "$DOMAIN" --details | grep ^file | grep -v 'cdrom' | grep -v 'floppy' | awk '{print $4}'`
for t in $TARGETS; do
virsh blockcommit "$DOMAIN" "$t" --active --pivot >/dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
echo "Could not merge changes for disk $t of $DOMAIN. VM may be in invalid state."
exit 1
fi
done
#
# Cleanup left over backup images.
#
for t in $BACKUPIMAGES; do
rm -f "$t"
done
#
# Dump the configuration information.
#
virsh dumpxml "$DOMAIN" >"$BACKUP/$DOMAIN.xml"
#
# Cleanup older backups.
#
LIST=`ls -r1 "$BACKUPDOMAIN" | grep -E '^[0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2}\.[0-9]+$'`
i=1
for b in $LIST; do
if [ $i -gt "$MAXBACKUPS" ]; then
echo "Removing old backup "`basename $b`
rm -rf "$BACKUPDOMAIN/$b"
fi
i=$[$i+1]
done
echo "Finished backup"
echo ""
@ooZberg

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ooZberg commented Apr 27, 2017

Basically just merged the fixes suggested in the comments of https://gist.github.com/cabal95/e36c06e716d3328b512b

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