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FreeBSD 13.2 arm64 on Hetzner CAX11
- # download VIMAGE to a spare FreeBSD box
- unxz -T0 # uncompress
- mdconfig image.raw; mount # for editing
- sshd_enable
- devmatch_blacklist="virtio_random.ko" # avoid a bug
- PermitRootLogin
- /root/.ssh/authorized_keys
- umount; mdconfig -d
- xz -T0 -9 # compress edited image
- cp nginx/ # publish with any web server
- # reboot the cloud instance into linux rescue
- linux-aarch64-rescue$ curl | unxz > /dev/sda
- # optional before rebooting
- file -sk /dev/sda* # check the file systems
- mount -tufs -oufstype=ufs2 /dev/sda3 /tmp/v1 # check the config
Copyright (c) 1992-2021 The FreeBSD Project.
Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.
FreeBSD 13.2-RELEASE releng/13.2-n254617-525ecfdad597 GENERIC arm64
FreeBSD clang version 14.0.5 ( llvmorg-14.0.5-0-gc12386ae247c)
VT: init without driver.
module firmware already present!
real memory = 4194304000 (4000 MB)
avail memory = 4061442048 (3873 MB)
Starting CPU 1 (1)
FreeBSD/SMP: Multiprocessor System Detected: 2 CPUs
random: unblocking device.
random: entropy device external interface
MAP 132440000 mode 2 pages 128
MAP 1324c0000 mode 2 pages 448
MAP 132680000 mode 2 pages 176
MAP 135c00000 mode 2 pages 400
MAP 135d90000 mode 2 pages 592
MAP 4000000 mode 0 pages 16384
MAP 9010000 mode 0 pages 1
kbd0 at kbdmux0
acpi0: <BOCHS BXPC>
acpi0: Power Button (fixed)
acpi0: Sleep Button (fixed)
acpi0: Could not update all GPEs: AE_NOT_CONFIGURED
psci0: <ARM Power State Co-ordination Interface Driver> on acpi0
gic0: <ARM Generic Interrupt Controller v3.0> iomem 0x8000000-0x801ffff,0x80a0000-0x8ffffff on acpi0
its0: <ARM GIC Interrupt Translation Service> mem 0x8080000-0x809ffff on gic0
generic_timer0: <ARM Generic Timer> irq 34,35,36 on acpi0
Timecounter "ARM MPCore Timecounter" frequency 25000000 Hz quality 1000
Event timer "ARM MPCore Eventtimer" frequency 25000000 Hz quality 1000
efirtc0: <EFI Realtime Clock>
efirtc0: registered as a time-of-day clock, resolution 1.000000s
cpu0: <ACPI CPU> on acpi0
uart0: <PrimeCell UART (PL011)> iomem 0x9000000-0x9000fff irq 0 on acpi0
uart0: console (9600,n,8,1)
pcib0: <Generic PCI host controller> on acpi0
pci0: <PCI bus> on pcib0
virtio_pci0: <VirtIO PCI (modern) GPU adapter> mem 0x11289000-0x11289fff,0x8000500000-0x8000503fff at device 1.0 on pci0
pcib1: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11288000-0x11288fff at device 2.0 on pci0
pcib0: pci_host_generic_core_alloc_resource FAIL: type=4, rid=28, start=0000000000008000, end=0000000000008fff, count=0000000000001000, flags=0
pcib1: failed to allocate initial I/O port window: 0x8000-0x8fff
pci1: <PCI bus> on pcib1
virtio_pci1: <VirtIO PCI (modern) Network adapter> mem 0x11000000-0x11000fff,0x8000000000-0x8000003fff at device 0.0 on pci1
vtnet0: <VirtIO Networking Adapter> on virtio_pci1
vtnet0: Ethernet address: 96:00:02:1c:43:34
pcib2: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11287000-0x11287fff at device 2.1 on pci0
pci2: <PCI bus> on pcib2
xhci0: <XHCI (generic) USB 3.0 controller> mem 0x10e00000-0x10e03fff at device 0.0 on pci2
xhci0: 32 bytes context size, 64-bit DMA
usbus0 on xhci0
pcib3: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11286000-0x11286fff at device 2.2 on pci0
pci3: <PCI bus> on pcib3
virtio_pci2: <VirtIO PCI (modern) Console adapter> mem 0x10c00000-0x10c00fff,0x8000100000-0x8000103fff at device 0.0 on pci3
pcib4: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11285000-0x11285fff at device 2.3 on pci0
pci4: <PCI bus> on pcib4
virtio_pci3: <VirtIO PCI (modern) Balloon adapter> mem 0x8000200000-0x8000203fff at device 0.0 on pci4
pcib5: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11284000-0x11284fff at device 2.4 on pci0
pci5: <PCI bus> on pcib5
virtio_pci4: <VirtIO PCI (modern) Entropy adapter> mem 0x8000300000-0x8000303fff at device 0.0 on pci5
pcib6: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11283000-0x11283fff at device 2.5 on pci0
pci6: <PCI bus> on pcib6
virtio_pci5: <VirtIO PCI (modern) SCSI adapter> mem 0x10600000-0x10600fff,0x8000400000-0x8000403fff at device 0.0 on pci6
vtscsi0: <VirtIO SCSI Adapter> on virtio_pci5
pcib7: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11282000-0x11282fff at device 2.6 on pci0
pci7: <PCI bus> on pcib7
pcib8: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11281000-0x11281fff at device 2.7 on pci0
pci8: <PCI bus> on pcib8
pcib9: <PCI-PCI bridge> mem 0x11280000-0x11280fff at device 3.0 on pci0
pci9: <PCI bus> on pcib9
pci0: <simple comms, UART> at device 4.0 (no driver attached)
acpi_button0: <Power Button> on acpi0
armv8crypto0: <AES-CBC,AES-XTS,AES-GCM>
Timecounters tick every 1.000 msec
CPU 0: ARM Neoverse-N1 r3p1 affinity: 0
Cache Type = <64 byte D-cacheline,64 byte I-cacheline,PIPT ICache,64 byte ERG,64 byte CWG,IDC>
Instruction Set Attributes 0 = <DP,RDM,Atomic,CRC32,SHA2,SHA1,AES+PMULL>
Instruction Set Attributes 1 = <RCPC-8.3,DCPoP>
Instruction Set Attributes 2 = <>
Processor Features 0 = <CSV3,CSV2,RAS,GIC,AdvSIMD+HP,FP+HP,EL3,EL2,EL1,EL0 32>
Processor Features 1 = <PSTATE.SSBS MSR>
Memory Model Features 0 = <TGran4,TGran64,TGran16,SNSMem,BigEnd,16bit ASID,256TB PA>
Memory Model Features 1 = <XNX,PAN+ATS1E1,LO,HPD+TTPBHA,VH,16bit VMID,HAF+DS>
Memory Model Features 2 = <EVT-8.2,32bit CCIDX,48bit VA,UAO,CnP>
Debug Features 0 = <DoubleLock,2 CTX BKPTs,4 Watchpoints,6 Breakpoints,PMUv3 v8.1,Debugv8>
Debug Features 1 = <>
Auxiliary Features 0 = <>
Auxiliary Features 1 = <>
AArch32 Instruction Set Attributes 5 = <RDM,CRC32,SHA2,SHA1,AES+VMULL,SEVL>
AArch32 Media and VFP Features 0 = <FPRound,FPSqrt,FPDivide,DP VFPv3+v4,SP VFPv3+v4,AdvSIMD>
CPU 1: ARM Neoverse-N1 r3p1 affinity: 1
Release APs...done
usbus0: 5.0Gbps Super Speed USB v3.0
Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/gpt/rootfs [rw]...
cd0 at vtscsi0 bus 0 scbus0 target 0 lun 0
cd0: <QEMU QEMU CD-ROM 2.5+> Removable CD-ROM SPC-3 SCSI device
cd0: 300.000MB/s transfers
cd0: Command Queueing enabled
cd0: Attempt to query device size failed: NOT READY, Medium not present
da0 at vtscsi0 bus 0 scbus0 target 0 lun 1
da0: <QEMU QEMU HARDDISK 2.5+> Fixed Direct Access SPC-3 SCSI device
da0: 300.000MB/s transfers
da0: Command Queueing enabled
da0: 39064MB (80003072 512 byte sectors)
ugen0.1: <(0x1b36) XHCI root HUB> at usbus0
uhub0 on usbus0
uhub0: <(0x1b36) XHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 3.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus0
GEOM: da0: the secondary GPT header is not in the last LBA.
uhub0: 8 ports with 8 removable, self powered
ugen0.2: <QEMU QEMU USB Tablet> at usbus0
Root mount waiting for: usbus0
ugen0.3: <QEMU QEMU USB Keyboard> at usbus0
ukbd0 on uhub0
ukbd0: <QEMU QEMU USB Keyboard, class 0/0, rev 2.00/0.00, addr 2> on usbus0
kbd1 at ukbd0
Dual Console: Video Primary, Serial Secondary
vtcon0: <VirtIO Console Adapter> on virtio_pci2
vtballoon0: <VirtIO Balloon Adapter> on virtio_pci3
vtrnd0: <VirtIO Entropy Adapter> on virtio_pci4
random: registering fast source VirtIO Entropy Adapter
lo0: link state changed to UP
vtnet0: link state changed to UP
uhid0 on uhub0
uhid0: <QEMU QEMU USB Tablet, class 0/0, rev 2.00/0.00, addr 1> on usbus0
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