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PowerShell script to generate a Certificate Request for a server using certain criteria
#Create new Certificate Request for SQL Server security
# Should be made into a function at some point
# Needs to be able to handle Cluster names/IP addresses
#Set location of the server
$Location = "City"
$State = "State"
$OU = "OU"
$Company = "Organization"
$IPv4Address = (Get-NetIPAddress -AddressState Preferred -AddressFamily IPv4 | Where-object IPAddress -ne "" | Select-Object IPAddress -First 1 -ExpandProperty IPAddress)
#Create C:\CertificateRequest folder if one does not exist
$CertFolder = "C:\CertificateRequest"
if (!(Test-Path $CertFolder)) {
New-Item -Path $CertFolder -Type Directory
#Get the FQDN, Computer Name, and IPv4 address
$FQDN = [System.Net.DNS]::GetHostByName($Null).HostName
$MachineName = $env:ComputerName
$CertName = "$FQDN"
$FriendlyName = "MSSQL Cert for Windows Server $FQDN"
$dns1 = $MachineName
$dns2 = $FQDN
$dns3 = $IPv4Address
$ipaddress = $IPv4Address
Write-Host "Creating CertificateRequest(CSR) for $CertName `r "
#Create Cert
$CSRPath = "$CertFolder\$($CertName).csr"
$INFPath = "$CertFolder\$($CertName).inf"
$Signature = '$Windows NT$'
$INF =
Signature= "$Signature"
Subject = "CN=$CertName, OU=$OU, O=$Company, L=$Location, S=$State, C=US"
FriendlyName = "$FriendlyName"
KeyLength = 2048
Exportable = TRUE
MachineKeySet = TRUE
SMIME = False
PrivateKeyArchive = FALSE
UserProtected = FALSE
UseExistingKeySet = FALSE
ProviderName = "Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider"
ProviderType = 12
RequestType = PKCS10
KeyUsage = 0xa0
[Extensions] = "{text}"
_continue_ = "dns=$dns1&"
_continue_ = "dns=$dns2&"
_continue_ = "dns=$dns3&"
_continue_ = "ipaddress=$ipaddress&"
if (!(test-path $CSRPath)) {
write-Host "Certificate Request is being generated `r "
$INF | out-file -filepath $INFPath -force
& certreq.exe -new $INFPath $CSRPath
write-output "Certificate Request has been generated"
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