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simplehttpserver.go
package main
import (
"fmt"
"html/template"
"io"
"log"
"net/http"
"net/url"
"os"
"path"
"sort"
"strings"
"time"
)
// Define custom templates
const (
htmlTmp = `
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Directory listing for {{.Path}}</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Directory listing for {{.Path}}</h1>
<hr />
<ul>
{{range .Content}}
<li><a href="/{{.URI}}">{{.Name}}</a></li>
{{ end }}
</ul>
<hr />
</body>
</html>
`
notFoundTmp = `
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8">
<title>Error response</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Error response</h1>
<p>Error code: 404</p>
<p>Message: File not found.</p>
<p>Error code explanation: HTTPStatus.NOT_FOUND - Nothing matches the given URI.</p>
</body>
</html>
`
)
// Structs to hold the information
type directory struct {
Path string
Content []item
}
type item struct {
URI string
Name string
}
// 404 handler function
func handle404(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// Log the request
timestamp := time.Now().Format("02/Jan/2006 15:04:05")
fmt.Printf("%s - - [%s] \"%s %s %s\" %+v -\n", r.RemoteAddr, timestamp, r.Method, r.URL.Path, r.Proto, "404")
fmt.Printf("%s - - [%s] code 404, message File not found\n", r.RemoteAddr, timestamp)
t := template.New("404")
t.Parse(notFoundTmp)
t.Execute(w, nil)
}
// Handler to handle server requests
// and to serve either directory listing or file content
func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// Get working dir to ensure you know where you are. This marks /
root, _ := os.Getwd() // ommitting error handling by using _
// Get url so you can extract Headline and title
upath := r.URL.Path
// Ignore default browser call to /favicon.ico
if upath == "/favicon.ico" {
return
}
// Define absolute path
open := root + path.Clean(upath)
// Check if you are in a dir
fi, err := os.Stat(open)
if err != nil || os.IsNotExist(err) {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: cannot read file or folder: %+v", err)
handle404(w, r)
return
}
// Log the request
timestamp := time.Now().Format("02/Jan/2006 15:04:05")
fmt.Printf("%s - - [%s] \"%s %s %s\" %+v -\n", r.RemoteAddr, timestamp, r.Method, r.URL.Path, r.Proto, "200")
switch mode := fi.Mode(); {
// If so feed dir to template engine
case mode.IsDir():
// Read directory
dir, err := os.Open(open)
if err != nil {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: Cannot read directory from disk: %+v", err)
handle404(w, r)
return
}
defer dir.Close()
// Read directory FileInfo
fis, err := dir.Readdir(-1)
if err != nil {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: Cannot read directory content from disk: %+v", err)
handle404(w, r)
return
}
// Create empty slice
items := make([]item, 0, len(fis))
// Iterate over FileInfo of dir
for _, fi := range fis {
// Set name and uri
itemname := fi.Name()
itemuri := url.PathEscape(path.Join(upath, itemname))
// Add / to name if dir
if fi.IsDir() {
itemname += "/"
}
// define item struct
item := item{
Name: itemname,
URI: itemuri,
}
// Add to items slice
items = append(items, item)
}
// Sort slice all lowercase
sort.Slice(items, func(i, j int) bool {
return strings.ToLower(items[i].Name) < strings.ToLower(items[j].Name)
})
// Template parsing and writing to browser
t := template.New("index")
t.Parse(htmlTmp)
d := &directory{Path: upath, Content: items}
t.Execute(w, d)
// Otherwise server static file using file server for the exact path?
case mode.IsRegular():
// Read in file
openfile, err := os.Open(open)
if err != nil || os.IsNotExist(err) {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: Cannot read file from disk: %+v", err)
handle404(w, r)
return
}
defer openfile.Close()
// Write to browser
io.Copy(w, openfile)
}
}
func main() {
// Check for port argument
var (
port string = "8000"
)
if len(os.Args) >= 2 {
port = os.Args[1]
}
// Print to console
fmt.Printf("Serving HTTP on 0.0.0.0 port %s\n", port)
// Handle and serve - panic if something goes wrong
http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
log.Panic(http.ListenAndServe(":"+port, nil))
}
package main
import (
"fmt"
"html/template"
"io"
"log"
"net/http"
"net/url"
"os"
"path"
"sort"
"strings"
)
// Define custom templates
const (
htmlTmp = `
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Directory listing for {{.Path}}</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Directory listing for {{.Path}}</h1>
<hr />
<ul>
{{range .Content}}
<li><a href="/{{.URI}}">{{.Name}}</a></li>
{{ end }}
</ul>
<hr />
</body>
</html>
`
notFoundTmp = `
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8">
<title>Error response</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Error response</h1>
<p>Error code: 404</p>
<p>Message: File not found.</p>
<p>Error code explanation: HTTPStatus.NOT_FOUND - Nothing matches the given URI.</p>
</body>
</html>
`
)
// Structs to hold the information
type directory struct {
Path string
Content []item
}
type item struct {
URI string
Name string
}
// 404 handler function
func handle404(w http.ResponseWriter) {
t := template.New("404")
t.Parse(notFoundTmp)
t.Execute(w, nil)
}
// Handler to handle server requests
// and to serve either directory listing or file content
func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// Get working dir to ensure you know where you are. This marks /
root, _ := os.Getwd() // ommitting error handling by using _
// Get url so you can extract Headline and title
upath := r.URL.Path
// Ignore default browser call to /favicon.ico
if upath == "/favicon.ico" {
return
}
// Define absolute path
open := root + path.Clean(upath)
// Check if you are in a dir
fi, err := os.Stat(open)
if err != nil || os.IsNotExist(err) {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: cannot read file or folder: %+v", err)
handle404(w)
return
}
switch mode := fi.Mode(); {
// If so feed dir to template engine
case mode.IsDir():
// Read directory
dir, err := os.Open(open)
if err != nil {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: Cannot read directory from disk: %+v", err)
handle404(w)
return
}
defer dir.Close()
// Read directory FileInfo
fis, err := dir.Readdir(-1)
if err != nil {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: Cannot read directory content from disk: %+v", err)
handle404(w)
return
}
// Create empty slice
items := make([]item, 0, len(fis))
// Iterate over FileInfo of dir
for _, fi := range fis {
// Set name and uri
itemname := fi.Name()
itemuri := url.PathEscape(path.Join(upath, itemname))
// Add / to name if dir
if fi.IsDir() {
itemname += "/"
}
// define item struct
item := item{
Name: itemname,
URI: itemuri,
}
// Add to items slice
items = append(items, item)
}
// Sort slice all lowercase
sort.Slice(items, func(i, j int) bool {
return strings.ToLower(items[i].Name) < strings.ToLower(items[j].Name)
})
// Template parsing and writing to browser
t := template.New("index")
t.Parse(htmlTmp)
d := &directory{Path: upath, Content: items}
t.Execute(w, d)
// Otherwise server static file using file server for the exact path?
case mode.IsRegular():
// Read in file
openfile, err := os.Open(open)
if err != nil || os.IsNotExist(err) {
// Handle as 404
log.Printf("ERROR: Cannot read file from disk: %+v", err)
handle404(w)
return
}
defer openfile.Close()
// Write to browser
io.Copy(w, openfile)
}
}
func main() {
// Check for port argument
var (
port string = "8000"
)
if len(os.Args) >= 2 {
port = os.Args[1]
}
// Print to console
fmt.Printf("Serving HTTP on 0.0.0.0 port %s\n", port)
// Handle and serve - panic if something goes wrong
http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
log.Panic(http.ListenAndServe(":"+port, nil))
}
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