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Example of `abstract factory' design pattern in Python
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Example of `abstract factory' design pattern
# Copyright (C) 2011 Radek Pazdera
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
class Window:
__toolkit = ""
__purpose = ""
def __init__(self, toolkit, purpose):
self.__toolkit = toolkit
self.__purpose = purpose
def getToolkit(self):
return self.__toolkit
def getType(self):
return self.__purpose
class GtkToolboxWindow(Window):
def __init__(self):
Window.__init__(self, "Gtk", "ToolboxWindow")
class GtkLayersWindow(Window):
def __init__(self):
Window.__init__(self, "Gtk", "LayersWindow")
class GtkMainWindow(Window):
def __init__(self):
Window.__init__(self, "Gtk", "MainWindow")
class QtToolboxWindow(Window):
def __init__(self):
Window.__init__(self, "Qt", "ToolboxWindow")
class QtLayersWindow(Window):
def __init__(self):
Window.__init__(self, "Qt", "LayersWindow")
class QtMainWindow(Window):
def __init__(self):
Window.__init__(self, "Qt", "MainWindow")
# Abstract factory class
class UIFactory:
def getToolboxWindow(self): pass
def getLayersWindow(self): pass
def getMainWindow(self): pass
class GtkUIFactory(UIFactory):
def getToolboxWindow(self):
return GtkToolboxWindow()
def getLayersWindow(self):
return GtkLayersWindow()
def getMainWindow(self):
return GtkMainWindow()
class QtUIFactory(UIFactory):
def getToolboxWindow(self):
return QtToolboxWindow()
def getLayersWindow(self):
return QtLayersWindow()
def getMainWindow(self):
return QtMainWindow()
if __name__ == "__main__":
gnome = True
kde = not gnome
# What environment is available?
if gnome:
ui = GtkUIFactory()
elif kde:
ui = QtUIFactory()
# Build the UI
toolbox = ui.getToolboxWindow()
layers = ui.getLayersWindow()
main = ui.getMainWindow()
# Let's see what have we recieved
print "%s:%s" % (toolbox.getToolkit(), toolbox.getType())
print "%s:%s" % (layers.getToolkit(), layers.getType())
print "%s:%s" % (main.getToolkit(), main.getType())
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