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//
// KBCollectionExtensions.h
//
// Created by Guy English on 25/02/08.
// Copyright 2008 Kickingbear. All rights reserved.
//
#import <Cocoa/Cocoa.h>
/*
The real magic isn't apparent from the header files. KBCollectionExtensions extends valueForKeyPath:
with a set of new features.
- method calls
NSArray *results = [myCollection valueForKeyPath: @"[collect].name"];
Method calls go between []'s. In this case since there's no paramater given an implicit paramater is
assume. The result of this expression is basically: [myCollection collect: @"name"] - the collect method
iterates over the objects in the collection and gathers all the values for the key 'name'.
You can have more complicated method calls:
NSArray *results = [myCollection valueForKeyPath: @"[collect].name.[componentsSeparatedByString: ' ']"];
The result of this expression is that componentsSeparatedByString: @" " will be called for the value of 'name'
in each object in the collection. The resulting array of components will then be gathered by the 'collect' call.
The end result is an array of subarrays containing the words of the name.
- inline predicates
NSArray *results = [myCollection valueForKeyPath: @"[collect].{salary>100}.jobTitle"];
Predicates can be specified between {}'s. The predicate string is used to create an NSPredicate which is then used
to evaluate the object. If the object matches the predicate then it returns the value of the remainder of the keypath
otherwise it returns nil. In this case we use the predicate to filter the collection based on a salary. Each object
is checked if it's salary property is greater than 100. If it is then the value of it's jobTitle property is returned.
If it's not nil is returned. Collect gathers the results ignoring nil results. The end effect of this is that you'll
get an array of all the job titles where salary is > 100.
- inline value transformers
NSArray *results = [myCollection valueForKeyPath: @"[collect].<NSUnarchiveFromDataTransformerName>.imageData"];
You may specify the name of a value transformer between <>'s. The value transformer is handed the value of the
remainder of the keypath. In this case we use the unarchive from data value transformer and hand it some imageData.
The result of the transformer is then collected by 'collect'. The resulting array would contain unarchived NSImage
instances. You may specify any of the build in value transformers by their constants or you can use your own value
transformers names.
- example:
NSArray *waitsAlbumCovers = [myRecordCollection valueForKeyPath: @"[collect].{artist=='Tom Waits'}.<NSUnarchiveDromDataTransformerName>.albumCoverImageData"];
waitsAlbumCovers now conatins NSImage instances for each of the albums in my collection where 'Tom Waits' is the artist. Nifty, ain't it?
NSString *albumsTitles = [myRecordCollection valueForKeyPath: @"[concatenate: * withSeparator: ', '].{artist=='Tom Waits'}.albumTitle"];
albumTitles contains a string of all Tom Wait's album titles separated with ', '. This example shows the use of a special place holder symbol.
The '*' expands during evaluation to the remainder of the keypath. In this case the resulting call on the collection would look like:
[myRecordCollection concatentate: @"{artist=='Tom Waits'}.albumTitle" withSeparator: @", "];
The concatenate:withSeparator: method would then iterate over the contents of the collection and concatenate the value of
{artist=='Tom Waits'}.albumTitle placing the separator in between.
- NSObject becomes a collection
KBCollectionExtensions also implements NSFastEnumeration on NSObject. This lets you treat any single object like a collection that can be iterated over.
NSString *thisIsAnExample = @"My example string";
for ( NSString *string in thisIsAnExample ) NSLog( @"%@", string );
would result in "My example string" being printed out. This lets us do stuff like:
NSArray *names = [myObject valueForKeyPath: @"[collect].{salary<100}.jobTitle"];
and not worry if we're dealing with a single object or a collection.
- oh, and please consider the implementation more a proof of concept than anything else. there's tons and tons of things that could be optimized
or made better in any number of ways.
*/
void KBInitializeCollectionExtensions( void ); // call this in main before you do anything
@interface NSObject ( KBCollectionExtensions ) <NSFastEnumeration>
- (id) asCollection;
- (id) collect: (NSString*) keyPath;
- (id) concatenate: (NSString*) keyPath withSeparator: (NSString*) separator;
- (id) concatenate: (NSString*) keyPath;
@end
// dictionary needs to be treated slightly specially because of the way it behaves as a colection
@interface NSDictionary ( KBCollectionExtentions )
- (id) asCollection;
@end
//
// KBCollectionExtensions.m
//
// Created by Guy English on 25/02/08.
// Copyright 2008 Kickingbear. All rights reserved.
//
#import "KBCollectionExtensions.h"
#import <objc/objc-runtime.h>
static IMP _originalValueForKeyPathMethod = NULL; // saved off implementation of the original valueForKeyPath method
@implementation NSObject ( KBCollectionExtentions )
- (NSUInteger)countByEnumeratingWithState:(NSFastEnumerationState *)state objects:(id *)stackbuf count:(NSUInteger)len;
{
if ( state->state == 1 ) return 0;
state->state = 1;
state->mutationsPtr = (unsigned long*)self;
state->itemsPtr = &self;
return 1;
}
- (id) asCollection
{
return self;
}
- (id) collect: (NSString*) keyPath
{
NSMutableArray *result = [NSMutableArray array];
for ( id object in [self asCollection] )
{
id value = [object valueForKeyPath: keyPath];
if ( value != nil ) [result addObject: value];
}
return result;
}
- (id) concatenate: (NSString*) keyPath withSeparator: (NSString*) separator
{
NSMutableArray *result = [NSMutableArray array];
for ( id object in [self asCollection] )
{
id value = [object valueForKeyPath: keyPath];
if ( value != nil ) [result addObject: value];
}
return [result componentsJoinedByString: separator];
}
- (id) concatenate: (NSString*) keyPath
{
return [self concatenate: keyPath withSeparator: nil];
}
@end
@implementation NSDictionary ( KBCollectionExtentions )
- (id) asCollection
{
return [NSArray arrayWithObject: self];
}
@end
// this class exists purely to hold the method implementation for valueForKeyPath which we later swizzle into NSObject.
@interface KBCollectionExtention : NSObject
{
}
@end
@implementation KBCollectionExtention
- (id) valueForKeyPath: (NSString*) keyPath
{
NSArray *path = [keyPath componentsSeparatedByString: @"."];
unsigned i, max;
max = [path count];
id value = self;
for ( i = 0; i < max; i++ )
{
NSString *pathComponent = [path objectAtIndex: i];
if ( [pathComponent hasPrefix: @"{"] )
{
NSString *predicateString = [pathComponent substringWithRange: NSMakeRange( 1, [pathComponent length]-2 )];
NSPredicate *pred = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: predicateString];
if ( [pred evaluateWithObject: self] )
{
NSString *pathArgument = [[path subarrayWithRange: NSMakeRange( i+1, max-(i+1) )] componentsJoinedByString: @"."];
return [self valueForKeyPath: pathArgument];
}
else
{
return nil;
}
}
else if ( [pathComponent hasPrefix: @"<"] )
{
NSDictionary *builtInLookup = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys: [NSValueTransformer valueTransformerForName: NSNegateBooleanTransformerName], @"NSNegateBooleanTransformerName", [NSValueTransformer valueTransformerForName: NSIsNilTransformerName], @"NSIsNilTransformerName", [NSValueTransformer valueTransformerForName: NSIsNotNilTransformerName], @"NSIsNotNilTransformerName", [NSValueTransformer valueTransformerForName: NSUnarchiveFromDataTransformerName], @"NSUnarchiveFromDataTransformerName", [NSValueTransformer valueTransformerForName: NSKeyedUnarchiveFromDataTransformerName], @"NSKeyedUnarchiveFromDataTransformerName", nil];
NSString *transformerName = [pathComponent substringWithRange: NSMakeRange( 1, [pathComponent length]-2 )];
NSValueTransformer *transformer = nil;
if ( [builtInLookup objectForKey: transformerName] != nil )
{
transformer = [builtInLookup objectForKey: transformerName];
}
else
{
transformer = [NSValueTransformer valueTransformerForName: transformerName];
}
if ( transformer == nil ) return [self valueForKeyPath: keyPath];
NSString *pathArgument = [[path subarrayWithRange: NSMakeRange( i+1, max-(i+1) )] componentsJoinedByString: @"."];
id valueToTransform = [self valueForKeyPath: pathArgument];
id newValue = [transformer transformedValue: valueToTransform];
return newValue;
}
else if ( [pathComponent hasPrefix: @"["] )
{
NSString *pathArgument = [[path subarrayWithRange: NSMakeRange( i+1, max-(i+1) )] componentsJoinedByString: @"."];
NSString *methodString = [pathComponent substringWithRange: NSMakeRange( 1, [pathComponent length]-2 )];
NSScanner *scanner = [[NSScanner alloc] initWithString: methodString];
BOOL isScanningArg = NO;
NSMutableArray *pieces = [NSMutableArray array];
NSMutableArray *args = [NSMutableArray array];
while ( [scanner isAtEnd] == NO )
{
NSString *methodPiece = nil;
if ( isScanningArg == NO )
{
if ( [scanner scanUpToCharactersFromSet: [NSCharacterSet characterSetWithCharactersInString: @": '"] intoString: &methodPiece] )
{
[pieces addObject: methodPiece];
}
[scanner scanCharactersFromSet: [NSCharacterSet characterSetWithCharactersInString: @": "] intoString: nil];
}
else
{
unsigned scanLocation = [scanner scanLocation];
if ( [scanner scanString: @"'" intoString: nil] == YES )
{
NSString *stringValue = nil;
NSCharacterSet *skippedCharacters = [scanner charactersToBeSkipped];
[scanner setCharactersToBeSkipped: [NSCharacterSet characterSetWithCharactersInString: @""]];
[scanner scanUpToString: @"'" intoString: &stringValue];
[scanner setCharactersToBeSkipped: skippedCharacters];
if ( stringValue != nil ) [args addObject: stringValue];
[scanner scanString: @"'" intoString: nil];
}
else
{
[scanner setScanLocation: scanLocation];
if ( [scanner scanString: @"*" intoString: nil] == NO )
{
if ( [scanner scanString: @"@" intoString: nil] == NO )
{
double value = 0;
[scanner scanDouble: &value];
[args addObject: [NSNumber numberWithDouble: value]];
}
else
{
[args addObject: @"@"];
}
}
else
{
[args addObject: @"*"];
}
}
}
isScanningArg = !isScanningArg;
}
[scanner release];
NSString *selectorName = nil;
if ( [pieces count] == 1 && [args count] == 0 )
{
selectorName = [[pieces objectAtIndex: 0] stringByAppendingString: @":"];
[args addObject: @"*"];
}
else
{
selectorName = [[pieces componentsJoinedByString: @":"] stringByAppendingString: @":"];
}
SEL selector = NSSelectorFromString( selectorName );
NSMethodSignature *signature = [value methodSignatureForSelector: selector];
if ( signature == nil )
{
NSString *reason = [NSString stringWithFormat: @"%@ Does not implement %@.", [value class], selectorName];
[[NSException exceptionWithName: @"Unimplemented Method" reason: reason userInfo: nil] raise];
}
NSInvocation *invocation = [NSInvocation invocationWithMethodSignature: signature];
[invocation setSelector: selector];
id evaluatedValue = nil;
BOOL didEvaluate = NO;
unsigned i, max;
max = [args count];
for ( i = 0; i < max; i++ )
{
id arg = [args objectAtIndex: i];
if ( [arg isEqualTo: @"*"] ) arg = pathArgument;
if ( [arg isEqualTo: @"@"] )
{
if ( didEvaluate == NO )
{
evaluatedValue = [value valueForKeyPath: pathArgument];
didEvaluate = YES;
}
arg = evaluatedValue;
}
[invocation setArgument: &arg atIndex: i+2];
}
[invocation invokeWithTarget: value];
id returnValue = nil;
[invocation getReturnValue: &returnValue];
return returnValue;
}
else
{
value = [value valueForKey: [path objectAtIndex: i]];
}
}
return value;
}
@end
// this swizzles in our new valueForKeyPath method
void KBInitializeCollectionExtensions( void )
{
Method newValueForKeyPathMethod = class_getInstanceMethod( [KBCollectionExtention class], @selector( valueForKeyPath: ) );
_originalValueForKeyPathMethod = class_replaceMethod( [NSObject class], @selector( valueForKeyPath: ), method_getImplementation( newValueForKeyPathMethod ), "@^v^c" );
}
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