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Mario Galaxy Gravity for Unity
// The MIT License (MIT)
// Copyright (c) 2016 David Evans @phosphoer
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
using UnityEngine;
// USAGE:
// This is used internally by the GravitySource for tracking, and should not
// be manually added to any game objects
public class GravityItem : MonoBehaviour
{
public Vector3 Up = Vector3.up;
public int ActiveFieldCount;
public float CurrentDistance = Mathf.Infinity;
public GravitySource CurrentGravitySource;
}
// The MIT License (MIT)
// Copyright (c) 2016 David Evans @phosphoer
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections.Generic;
// USAGE:
// Put this on objects that you wish to have mario galaxy style gravity attraction
// You must have at least one collider in the gravityColliders list, it will be used to determine gravity direction
// All rigidbodies that use gravity and enter the trigger zone of this object will be affected
// Each object with this component needs to have a trigger collider on it that defines the
// boundaries of the gravitational effect
public class GravitySource : MonoBehaviour
{
[Tooltip("How much gravity force to apply to objects within range")]
public float Gravity = 9.8f;
[Tooltip("The maximum distance from the surface of the gravity source that is still affected by gravity")]
public float Radius = 5.0f;
[Tooltip("List of colliders to use as gravity sources, will be raycasted against")]
[SerializeField]
private Collider[] gravityColliders;
// How far should raycasts go, make this the maximum distance you need gravity to affect objects from
private const float kRaycastDistance = 100.0f;
private List<Rigidbody> objectsInRange = new List<Rigidbody>();
private void OnDrawGizmos()
{
if (Camera.current == null)
return;
// Visualize gravity radius
Gizmos.color = Color.blue;
for (var i = 0; gravityColliders != null && i < gravityColliders.Length; ++i)
{
var col = gravityColliders[i];
var raycastFrom = col.transform.position + Camera.current.transform.up * 1000.0f;
var raycastDir = (col.transform.position - raycastFrom).normalized;
var ray = new Ray(raycastFrom, raycastDir);
RaycastHit hitInfo;
if (col.Raycast(ray, out hitInfo, 2000.0f))
{
Gizmos.DrawLine(hitInfo.point, hitInfo.point + hitInfo.normal * Radius);
}
}
}
private void Start()
{
if (gravityColliders == null || gravityColliders.Length == 0)
{
Debug.LogWarning("GravitySource has no colliders, will not be functional");
}
}
private void OnTriggerStay(Collider c)
{
var rb = c.GetComponent<Rigidbody>();
if (rb != null && !objectsInRange.Contains(rb))
{
objectsInRange.Add(rb);
var item = rb.GetComponent<GravityItem>() ?? rb.gameObject.AddComponent<GravityItem>();
++item.ActiveFieldCount;
}
}
private void OnTriggerExit(Collider c)
{
var rb = c.GetComponent<Rigidbody>();
if (rb != null && objectsInRange.Contains(rb))
{
objectsInRange.Remove(rb);
var item = rb.GetComponent<GravityItem>() ?? rb.gameObject.AddComponent<GravityItem>();
--item.ActiveFieldCount;
item.CurrentDistance = Mathf.Infinity;
item.CurrentGravitySource = null;
}
}
private void FixedUpdate()
{
// Iterate over each object within range of our gravity
for (var i = 0; objectsInRange != null && i < objectsInRange.Count; ++i)
{
if (objectsInRange[i] == null || !objectsInRange[i].useGravity)
continue;
// Calculate initial gravity direction, just towards the gravity source transform
var rb = objectsInRange[i];
var gravityDir = (transform.position - rb.transform.position).normalized;
// Find out which of our child colliders is closest
var closestHit = Mathf.Infinity;
for (var j = 0; j < gravityColliders.Length; ++j)
{
// Step 1, raycast in general direction of collider to find a normal of the
// surface
RaycastHit hitInfo;
var raycastTo = gravityColliders[j].transform.position;
var toCollider = (raycastTo - rb.transform.position).normalized;
var gravityRay = new Ray(rb.transform.position, toCollider);
if (gravityColliders[j].Raycast(gravityRay, out hitInfo, kRaycastDistance))
{
// Debug.DrawRay(gravityRay.origin, gravityRay.direction * 2, Color.red);
// Debug.DrawRay(hitInfo.point, hitInfo.normal * 2, Color.red);
// Now, set our new ray to point in the opposite direction of this normal,
// to raycast 'down' towards the closest point on the plane formed by the normal
gravityRay = new Ray(rb.transform.position, -hitInfo.normal);
// Update gravity direction guess if this was a closer hit
var dist = Vector3.Distance(hitInfo.point, gravityRay.origin);
if (dist < closestHit)
{
gravityDir = -hitInfo.normal;
closestHit = dist;
}
}
// Raycast a second time onto the collider with the refined 'down' direction
if (gravityColliders[j].Raycast(gravityRay, out hitInfo, kRaycastDistance))
{
// Debug.DrawRay(gravityRay.origin, gravityRay.direction * 2, Color.green);
// Debug.DrawRay(hitInfo.point, hitInfo.normal * 2, Color.green);
var dist = Vector3.Distance(hitInfo.point, gravityRay.origin);
if (dist < closestHit)
{
gravityDir = -hitInfo.normal;
closestHit = dist;
}
}
}
// Debug.DrawRay(rb.transform.position, gravityDir * 2, Color.blue);
// Now apply gravity if we are the closest source (only 1 source at a time applies gravity)
var item = rb.GetComponent<GravityItem>();
if (item.CurrentGravitySource == this || closestHit < item.CurrentDistance)
{
// Update tracking vars
item.CurrentDistance = closestHit;
item.CurrentGravitySource = this;
item.Up = Vector3.Lerp(item.Up, -gravityDir.normalized, Time.deltaTime * 2.0f);
// Calculate force
var force = gravityDir.normalized * Gravity;
var distRatio = Mathf.Clamp01(closestHit / Radius);
// Gravity gets scaled up with distance because games
force *= 1.0f + distRatio;
rb.AddForce(force * rb.mass);
}
}
}
}
@phosphoer

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@phosphoer phosphoer commented Jul 8, 2016

Don't forget to turn off global gravity when using this!

@01GOD

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@01GOD 01GOD commented Oct 5, 2017

Wish I could get this to function properly. Added it to a cube with a trigger collider and set the gravity settings to 0 in the Unity project. Also added the cube in the objects array. Have a capsule inside the collider with a rigidbody, yet the script doesn't seem to function yet. Any tips?

Thanks in advance! Would be great to have a reliable raycast based gravity script in Unity! Let's get this to perfection!

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