AP42 Linux Mint / Ubuntu Linux Variants Install Instructions
Ubuntu or Ubuntu Flavour, Linux Mint, KDE neon, elementary OS, BackBox, or Peppermint on Beelink AP42 or Kodlix AP42 and possibly other Apollo Lake Intel CPU computers.Instructions on installing
This is the specific machine I purchased from Amazon CoolFun N42 DIY SSD Mini PC Intel Apollo Lake Pentium N4200 Processor.
I couldn't find any step-by-step instructions detailing this, so here we go.
The AP42 uses UEFI to install Linux on it, it won't boot if you use a standard USB bootable drive. You'll need to respin the ISO to use the rEFInd Boot Manager instead of GRUB, which using
isorespin is incredibly easy.
Download an ISO copy of your preference
bc, klibc-utils, iproute2, genisoimage, dosfstools, squashfs-tools, rsync, squashfs-tools, unzip, wget, findutils, xorriso. You'll probably have some if not most of these, but you can try installing them all. When you run
./isorespin.sh it'll tell you what it is missing.
sudo apt install bc klibc-utils iproute2 genisoimage dosfstools squashfs-tools rsync squashfs-tools unzip wget findutils xorriso
Here we're going to rebuild the ISO file for UEFI and upgrade the Linux kernel to the latest. The AP42 uses the Intel Apollo Lake CPU, using the
--apollo switch sets up the rEFInd boot loader.
The name of your ISO file will probably vary from mine in the
mkdir ~/respin cd ~/respin mv ~/Downloads/isorespin.sh ~/respin chmod +x isorespin.sh mv ~/Downloads/linuxmint-18.2-mate-64bit.iso ~/respin ./isorespin.sh -i ~/respin/linuxmint-18.2-mate-64bit.iso --apollo -u
isorespin automates the entire process...
Extracting ISO ... Parallel unsquashfs: Using 4 processors 216491 inodes (231715 blocks) to write Extracting ISO ... [===========================================================================================================] 231715/231715 100% created 168180 files created 21261 directories created 48197 symlinks created 81 devices created 0 fifos Extracting isorespin files ... Updating bootloader/bootmanager ... Fetching mainline kernel packages ... Installing mainline kernel packages ... Spinning ISO ... Parallel mksquashfs: Using 4 processors Creating 4.0 filesystem on iso-directory-structure/casper/filesystem.squashfs, block size 131072. [===========================================================================================================] 204205/204205 100% Exportable Squashfs 4.0 filesystem, gzip compressed, data block size 131072 compressed data, compressed metadata, compressed fragments, compressed xattrs duplicates are removed Filesystem size 1766327.01 Kbytes (1724.93 Mbytes) 37.76% of uncompressed filesystem size (4677804.47 Kbytes) Inode table size 2661745 bytes (2599.36 Kbytes) 27.69% of uncompressed inode table size (9613921 bytes) Directory table size 2712124 bytes (2648.56 Kbytes) 41.17% of uncompressed directory table size (6586862 bytes) Number of duplicate files found 38650 Number of inodes 272324 Number of files 195167 Number of fragments 12362 Number of symbolic links 48522 Number of device nodes 81 Number of fifo nodes 0 Number of socket nodes 0 Number of directories 28554 Number of ids (unique uids + gids) 31 Number of uids 13 root (0) man (6) colord (112) speech-dispatcher (113) kernoops (115) hplip (114) nm-openvpn (118) avahi (110) pjobson (1000) _apt (105) ntp (108) avahi-autoipd (109) syslog (104) Number of gids 27 root (0) video (44) audio (29) tty (5) kmem (15) disk (6) dip (30) shadow (42) ssl-cert (112) lpadmin (113) nogroup (65534) ntp (114) utmp (43) crontab (107) mail (8) avahi-autoipd (117) avahi (118) messagebus (110) pjobson (1000) staff (50) bluetooth (119) pulse-access (123) syslog (108) ssh (116) nm-openvpn (126) adm (4) lp (7) Adding ISO boot partition ... Adding ISO file system partition ... ./isorespin.sh: Respun ISO created as 'linuxium-apollo-v4.14-rc1-linuxmint-18.2-mate-64bit.iso' ... see logfile 'isorespin.log' for details.
Note the name of the new ISO file, mine is
Insert your USB and figure out where it is mounted to and what the device is.
Should display something like this, of course yours will have a different mount point as your login probably isn't
pjobson. Be sure to take note of your device name, don't mess this up or you could severely mess up your install, mine is
/dev/sdh1 on /media/pjobson/x type ext4 (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,data=ordered,uhelper=udisks2)
May be slightly different, unmount your device.
I like to delete the partitions of the drive.
sudo parted /dev/sdh
You'll be dropped to the
(parted) print Model: Kingston DataTraveler 2.0 (scsi) Disk /dev/sdh: 15.7GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Disk Flags: Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 1049kB 15.7GB 15.7GB primary ext4
Take note of the
Model, if it is not your USB stick, you may be looking at the wrong disk. If everything is okay
rm each of your partitions.
(parted) rm 1 (parted) print Model: Kingston DataTraveler 2.0 (scsi) Disk /dev/sdh: 15.7GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Disk Flags: Number Start End Size Type File system Flags (parted) quit Information: You may need to update /etc/fstab.
Now write the ISO to the USB with
dd, this will take awhile.
sudo dd if=linuxium-apollo-v4.14-rc1-linuxmint-18.2-mate-64bit.iso of=/dev/sdh bs=8M 243+1 records in 243+1 records out 2041188352 bytes (2.0 GB, 1.9 GiB) copied, 330.982 s, 6.2 MB/s
Pop the drive out and pop it into your AP42.... Hey while you're messing with the AP42, consider installing a SSD. I got this ZTC 256GB Armor 42mm M.2 NGFF 6G SSD Solid State Drive. You'll have to take the device apart, but it really isn't a huge deal.
Boot up your AP42 and hit the delete key to get into the BIOS. Go over to
BOOT and deselect all the boot options, except for your USB. Save and exit.
You should boot into rEFInd, then boot into the Live CD or installer.
I'm using MINT, so this stuff may or may not be applicable to you.
From the Menu open GParted, you'll have two or three devices depending on if you installed an SSD or not. Mine are:
/dev/mmcblk1@ 47.62 GiB - The built in MMC flash drive, mine has Windows on it... well did.
/dev/sda@ 238.47 GiB - This is my SSD drive.
/dev/sdb@ 14.65 GiB - This is my USB stick.
I deleted all of the existing partitions from both the MMC and the SSD drive for a clean install.
Create an ext4 partition on
/dev/mmcblk1, this will get deleted in the installer.
Save and quit out of GParted.
Connect to your WiFi or LAN if you want.
Start the Install Linux Mint program, next through it, install 3rd party if you want.
After the installer completes, reboot, remove the USB stick, hit delete again and select to boot from Hard Drive or whatever.
You rEFInd should appear again and you can boot into Linux.