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My custom configurations for apache 2.2
<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Page Not Found</title>
<style type="text/css" media="screen">
body {
background: #f0f0f0;
font: normal 18px sans-serif;
width: 400px;
margin: 50px auto;
}
h1 {
font-size: 120%;
}
.more-info {
font-size: 80%;
background: white;
padding: 10px 20px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Are you lost?</h1>
<p>The page you were looking for is somewhere else, or perhaps it does not exist at all.</p>
<p>Try <a href="/">the home page</a> and see if you can get back on track.</p>
<div class="more-info">
<h1>Did you know?</h1>
<p>This is what we in the business call a <b>404 error</b>. Web servers have their own
codes – kinda like police. Your browser usually knows what to do with these codes. <b>404</b> is the http code for "page not found."</p>
<p>There are tons of codes. Most of the time, you get a <b>200</b>, which is not an error. <b>200</b> is the code for "OK."
Anything in the 200 range is usually pretty good.</p>
<p>The <b>300's</b> are when you get redirected to another page automatically.</p>
<p>The <b>400's</b> mean you did something wrong like <b>404 Not Found</b> or <b>401 Unauthorized</b>. <b>418</b> means you reached a <b>teapot</b> instead
of a web server. That's always embarrasing.</p>
<p>Finally, the <b>500's</b> mean the server did something wrong. Those are usually out of your control.</p>
<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HTTP_status_codes">See Wikipedia for more info.</a></p>
</div>
</body>
</html>
<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Page Not Found</title>
<style type="text/css" media="screen">
body {
background: #f0f0f0;
font: normal 18px sans-serif;
width: 400px;
margin: 50px auto;
}
h1 {
font-size: 120%;
}
.more-info {
font-size: 80%;
background: white;
padding: 10px 20px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Are you lost?</h1>
<p>The page you were looking for is somewhere else, or perhaps it does not exist at all.</p>
<p>Try <a href="/">the home page</a> and see if you can get back on track.</p>
<div class="more-info">
<h1>Did you know?</h1>
<p>This is what we in the business call a <b>404 error</b>. Web servers have their own
codes – kinda like police. Your browser usually knows what to do with these codes. <b>404</b> is the http code for "page not found."</p>
<p>There are tons of codes. Most of the time, you get a <b>200</b>, which is not an error. <b>200</b> is the code for "OK."
Anything in the 200 range is usually pretty good.</p>
<p>The <b>300's</b> are when you get redirected to another page automatically.</p>
<p>The <b>400's</b> mean you did something wrong like <b>404 Not Found</b> or <b>401 Unauthorized</b>. <b>418</b> means you reached a <b>teapot</b> instead
of a web server. That's always embarrasing.</p>
<p>Finally, the <b>500's</b> mean the server did something wrong. Those are usually out of your control.</p>
<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HTTP_status_codes">See Wikipedia for more info.</a></p>
</div>
</body>
</html>
ServerName www.example.com
ServerAdmin webmaster@example.com
# Uncomment the NameVirtualHost stuff if it's not in your ports.conf
NameVirtualHost *:80
<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
NameVirtualHost *:443
</IfModule>
#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 60
#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On
#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 200
#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 3
# prefork MPM
# StartServers: number of server processes to start
# MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
StartServers 3
MinSpareServers 2
MaxSpareServers 3
MaxClients 50
MaxRequestsPerChild 0
</IfModule>
#
# ServerTokens
# This directive configures what you return as the Server HTTP response
# Header. The default is 'Full' which sends information about the OS-Type
# and compiled in modules.
# Set to one of: Full | OS | Minor | Minimal | Major | Prod
# where Full conveys the most information, and Prod the least.
#
ServerTokens Prod
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" iocombined
# Protect svn directories
<DirectoryMatch "^/.*/(\.svn|CVS)/">
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
</DirectoryMatch>
# For server-wide error pages
Alias /error/ /var/www/errors/
<Directory "/var/www/sites">
ErrorDocument 404 /error/404.html
</Directory>
<Directory "/var/www/errors">
AllowOverride All
Options SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
AcceptPathInfo On
</Directory>
Alias /maintenance "/var/www/maintenance"
# AliasMatch (?i)^/(cms|wp-admin|director/index\.php)(.*) /var/www/maintenance/index.html
<Directory "/var/www/sites">
# ===================================================== #
# The following config settings are taken from #
# the HTML5 Boilerplate template at #
# http://html5boilerplate.com/ #
# ===================================================== #
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Cross-origin images |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Send the CORS header for images when browsers request it.
#
# https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML/CORS_enabled_image
# https://blog.chromium.org/2011/07/using-cross-domain-images-in-webgl-and.html
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
<FilesMatch "\.(bmp|cur|gif|ico|jpe?g|png|svgz?|webp)$">
SetEnvIf Origin ":" IS_CORS
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" env=IS_CORS
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Cross-origin web fonts |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow cross-origin access to web fonts.
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
<FilesMatch "\.(eot|otf|tt[cf]|woff2?)$">
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Error prevention |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Disable the pattern matching based on filenames.
#
# This setting prevents Apache from returning a 404 error as the result
# of a rewrite when the directory with the same name does not exist.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/content-negotiation.html#multiviews
Options -MultiViews
# ######################################################################
# # MEDIA TYPES AND CHARACTER ENCODINGS #
# ######################################################################
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Media types |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Serve resources with the proper media types (f.k.a. MIME types).
#
# https://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_mime.html#addtype
<IfModule mod_mime.c>
# Data interchange
AddType application/atom+xml atom
AddType application/json json map topojson
AddType application/ld+json jsonld
AddType application/rss+xml rss
AddType application/vnd.geo+json geojson
AddType application/xml rdf xml
# JavaScript
# Normalize to standard type.
# https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4329#section-7.2
AddType application/javascript js
# Manifest files
AddType application/manifest+json webmanifest
AddType application/x-web-app-manifest+json webapp
AddType text/cache-manifest appcache
# Media files
AddType audio/mp4 f4a f4b m4a
AddType audio/ogg oga ogg opus
AddType image/bmp bmp
AddType image/svg+xml svg svgz
AddType image/webp webp
AddType video/mp4 f4v f4p m4v mp4
AddType video/ogg ogv
AddType video/webm webm
AddType video/x-flv flv
# Serving `.ico` image files with a different media type
# prevents Internet Explorer from displaying then as images:
# https://github.com/h5bp/html5-boilerplate/commit/37b5fec090d00f38de64b591bcddcb205aadf8ee
AddType image/x-icon cur ico
# Web fonts
AddType application/font-woff woff
AddType application/font-woff2 woff2
AddType application/vnd.ms-fontobject eot
# Browsers usually ignore the font media types and simply sniff
# the bytes to figure out the font type.
# https://mimesniff.spec.whatwg.org/#matching-a-font-type-pattern
#
# However, Blink and WebKit based browsers will show a warning
# in the console if the following font types are served with any
# other media types.
AddType application/x-font-ttf ttc ttf
AddType font/opentype otf
# Other
AddType application/octet-stream safariextz
AddType application/x-bb-appworld bbaw
AddType application/x-chrome-extension crx
AddType application/x-opera-extension oex
AddType application/x-xpinstall xpi
AddType text/vcard vcard vcf
AddType text/vnd.rim.location.xloc xloc
AddType text/vtt vtt
AddType text/x-component htc
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Character encodings |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Serve all resources labeled as `text/html` or `text/plain`
# with the media type `charset` parameter set to `UTF-8`.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#adddefaultcharset
AddDefaultCharset utf-8
# - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
# Serve the following file types with the media type `charset`
# parameter set to `UTF-8`.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_mime.html#addcharset
<IfModule mod_mime.c>
AddCharset utf-8 .atom \
.bbaw \
.css \
.geojson \
.js \
.json \
.jsonld \
.manifest \
.rdf \
.rss \
.topojson \
.vtt \
.webapp \
.webmanifest \
.xloc \
.xml
</IfModule>
# ######################################################################
# # REWRITES #
# ######################################################################
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Rewrite engine |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# (1) Turn on the rewrite engine (this is necessary in order for
# the `RewriteRule` directives to work).
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html#RewriteEngine
#
# (2) Enable the `FollowSymLinks` option if it isn't already.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#options
#
# (3) If your web host doesn't allow the `FollowSymlinks` option,
# you need to comment it out or remove it, and then uncomment
# the `Options +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch` line (4), but be aware
# of the performance impact.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/misc/perf-tuning.html#symlinks
#
# (4) Some cloud hosting services will require you set `RewriteBase`.
#
# https://www.rackspace.com/knowledge_center/frequently-asked-question/why-is-modrewrite-not-working-on-my-site
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html#rewritebase
#
# (5) Depending on how your server is set up, you may also need to
# use the `RewriteOptions` directive to enable some options for
# the rewrite engine.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html#rewriteoptions
#
# (6) Set %{ENV:PROTO} variable, to allow rewrites to redirect with the
# appropriate schema automatically (http or https).
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
# (1)
RewriteEngine On
# (2)
Options +FollowSymlinks
# (3)
# Options +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
# (4)
# RewriteBase /
# (5)
# RewriteOptions <options>
# (6)
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} =on
RewriteRule ^ - [env=proto:https]
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule ^ - [env=proto:http]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | File access |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Block access to directories without a default document.
#
# You should leave the following uncommented, as you shouldn't allow
# anyone to surf through every directory on your server (which may
# includes rather private places such as the CMS's directories).
<IfModule mod_autoindex.c>
Options -Indexes
</IfModule>
# - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
# Block access to all hidden files and directories with the exception of
# the visible content from within the `/.well-known/` hidden directory.
#
# These types of files usually contain user preferences or the preserved
# state of an utility, and can include rather private places like, for
# example, the `.git` or `.svn` directories.
#
# The `/.well-known/` directory represents the standard (RFC 5785) path
# prefix for "well-known locations" (e.g.: `/.well-known/manifest.json`,
# `/.well-known/keybase.txt`), and therefore, access to its visible
# content should not be blocked.
#
# https://www.mnot.net/blog/2010/04/07/well-known
# https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5785
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} "!(^|/)\.well-known/([^./]+./?)+$" [NC]
RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -d [OR]
RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -f
RewriteRule "(^|/)\." - [F]
</IfModule>
# - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
# Block access to files that can expose sensitive information.
#
# By default, block access to backup and source files that may be
# left by some text editors and can pose a security risk when anyone
# has access to them.
#
# http://feross.org/cmsploit/
#
# (!) Update the `<FilesMatch>` regular expression from below to
# include any files that might end up on your production server and
# can expose sensitive information about your website. These files may
# include: configuration files, files that contain metadata about the
# project (e.g.: project dependencies), build scripts, etc..
<FilesMatch "(^#.*#|\.(bak|conf|dist|fla|in[ci]|log|psd|sh|sql|sw[op])|~)$">
# Apache < 2.3
<IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All
</IfModule>
# Apache ≥ 2.3
<IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
Require all denied
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>
# ######################################################################
# # WEB PERFORMANCE #
# ######################################################################
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# | Compression |
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<IfModule mod_deflate.c>
# Force compression for mangled `Accept-Encoding` request headers
# https://developer.yahoo.com/blogs/ydn/pushing-beyond-gzipping-25601.html
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
SetEnvIfNoCase ^(Accept-EncodXng|X-cept-Encoding|X{15}|~{15}|-{15})$ ^((gzip|deflate)\s*,?\s*)+|[X~-]{4,13}$ HAVE_Accept-Encoding
RequestHeader append Accept-Encoding "gzip,deflate" env=HAVE_Accept-Encoding
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
# Compress all output labeled with one of the following media types.
#
# (!) For Apache versions below version 2.3.7 you don't need to
# enable `mod_filter` and can remove the `<IfModule mod_filter.c>`
# and `</IfModule>` lines as `AddOutputFilterByType` is still in
# the core directives.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_filter.html#addoutputfilterbytype
<IfModule mod_filter.c>
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE "application/atom+xml" \
"application/javascript" \
"application/json" \
"application/ld+json" \
"application/manifest+json" \
"application/rdf+xml" \
"application/rss+xml" \
"application/schema+json" \
"application/vnd.geo+json" \
"application/vnd.ms-fontobject" \
"application/x-font-ttf" \
"application/x-javascript" \
"application/x-web-app-manifest+json" \
"application/xhtml+xml" \
"application/xml" \
"font/eot" \
"font/opentype" \
"image/bmp" \
"image/svg+xml" \
"image/vnd.microsoft.icon" \
"image/x-icon" \
"text/cache-manifest" \
"text/css" \
"text/html" \
"text/javascript" \
"text/plain" \
"text/vcard" \
"text/vnd.rim.location.xloc" \
"text/vtt" \
"text/x-component" \
"text/x-cross-domain-policy" \
"text/xml"
</IfModule>
# - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
# Map the following filename extensions to the specified
# encoding type in order to make Apache serve the file types
# with the appropriate `Content-Encoding` response header
# (do note that this will NOT make Apache compress them!).
#
# If these files types would be served without an appropriate
# `Content-Enable` response header, client applications (e.g.:
# browsers) wouldn't know that they first need to uncompress
# the response, and thus, wouldn't be able to understand the
# content.
#
# https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_mime.html#addencoding
<IfModule mod_mime.c>
AddEncoding gzip svgz
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
</Directory>
<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Site down for maintenance.</title>
<style type="text/css" media="screen">
body {
background: #f0f0f0;
font: normal 18px sans-serif;
width: 400px;
margin: 50px auto;
}
h1 {
font-size: 120%;
}
.more-info {
font-size: 80%;
background: white;
padding: 10px 20px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>We are sorry. This site is currently down for maintenance.</h1>
<p>Please check back soon.</p>
</body>
</html>
<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Site down for maintenance.</title>
<style type="text/css" media="screen">
body {
background: #f0f0f0;
font: normal 18px sans-serif;
width: 400px;
margin: 50px auto;
}
h1 {
font-size: 120%;
}
.more-info {
font-size: 80%;
background: white;
padding: 10px 20px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>We are sorry. This site is currently down for maintenance.</h1>
<p>Please check back soon.</p>
</body>
</html>
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