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Download Windows patch files / KB (patchid like KBxxxxx) and save them to disk using PowerShell
function Save-KBFile {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Downloads patches from Microsoft
.DESCRIPTION
Downloads patches from Microsoft
.PARAMETER Name
The KB name or number. For example, KB4057119 or 4057119.
.PARAMETER Path
The directory to save the file.
.PARAMETER FilePath
The exact file name to save to, otherwise, it uses the name given by the webserver
.PARAMETER Architecture
Defaults to x64. Can be x64, x86 or "All"
.NOTES
Props to https://keithga.wordpress.com/2017/05/21/new-tool-get-the-latest-windows-10-cumulative-updates/
Adapted for dbatools by Chrissy LeMaire (@cl)
Then adapted again for general use without dbatools
See https://github.com/sqlcollaborative/dbatools/pull/5863 for screenshots
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Save-KBFile -Name KB4057119
Downloads KB4057119 to the current directory. This works for SQL Server or any other KB.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Save-KBFile -Name KB4057119, 4057114 -Path C:\temp
Downloads KB4057119 and the x64 version of KB4057114 to C:\temp. This works for SQL Server or any other KB.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Save-KBFile -Name KB4057114 -Architecture All -Path C:\temp
Downloads the x64 version of KB4057114 and the x86 version of KB4057114 to C:\temp. This works for SQL Server or any other KB.
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(Mandatory)]
[string[]]$Name,
[string]$Path = ".",
[string]$FilePath,
[ValidateSet("x64", "x86", "All")]
[string]$Architecture = "x64"
)
begin {
function Get-KBLink {
param(
[Parameter(Mandatory)]
[string]$Name
)
$kb = $Name.Replace("KB", "")
$results = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/Search.aspx?q=KB$kb"
$kbids = $results.InputFields |
Where-Object { $_.type -eq 'Button' -and $_.Value -eq 'Download' } |
Select-Object -ExpandProperty ID
Write-Verbose -Message "$kbids"
if (-not $kbids) {
Write-Warning -Message "No results found for $Name"
return
}
$guids = $results.Links |
Where-Object ID -match '_link' |
Where-Object { $_.OuterHTML -match ( "(?=.*" + ( $Filter -join ")(?=.*" ) + ")" ) } |
ForEach-Object { $_.id.replace('_link', '') } |
Where-Object { $_ -in $kbids }
if (-not $guids) {
Write-Warning -Message "No file found for $Name"
return
}
foreach ($guid in $guids) {
Write-Verbose -Message "Downloading information for $guid"
$post = @{ size = 0; updateID = $guid; uidInfo = $guid } | ConvertTo-Json -Compress
$body = @{ updateIDs = "[$post]" }
$links = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri 'http://www.catalog.update.microsoft.com/DownloadDialog.aspx' -Method Post -Body $body |
Select-Object -ExpandProperty Content |
Select-String -AllMatches -Pattern "(http[s]?\://download\.windowsupdate\.com\/[^\'\""]*)" |
Select-Object -Unique
if (-not $links) {
Write-Warning -Message "No file found for $Name"
return
}
foreach ($link in $links) {
$link.matches.value
}
}
}
}
process {
if ($Name.Count -gt 0 -and $PSBoundParameters.FilePath) {
throw "You can only specify one KB when using FilePath"
}
foreach ($kb in $Name) {
$links = Get-KBLink -Name $kb
if ($links.Count -gt 1 -and $Architecture -ne "All") {
$templinks = $links | Where-Object { $PSItem -match "$($Architecture)_" }
if ($templinks) {
$links = $templinks
} else {
Write-Warning -Message "Could not find architecture match, downloading all"
}
}
foreach ($link in $links) {
if (-not $PSBoundParameters.FilePath) {
$FilePath = Split-Path -Path $link -Leaf
} else {
$Path = Split-Path -Path $FilePath
}
$file = "$Path$([IO.Path]::DirectorySeparatorChar)$FilePath"
if ((Get-Command Start-BitsTransfer -ErrorAction Ignore)) {
Start-BitsTransfer -Source $link -Destination $file
} else {
# Invoke-WebRequest is crazy slow for large downloads
Write-Progress -Activity "Downloading $FilePath" -Id 1
(New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadFile($link, $file)
Write-Progress -Activity "Downloading $FilePath" -Id 1 -Completed
}
if (Test-Path -Path $file) {
Get-ChildItem -Path $file
}
}
}
}
}
@temp2019
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Hi.
I tried using this script (with Admin privileges), and the following command:
.\Save-KBFile -Name KB4057119
.\Save-KBFile -Name KB4057120
.\Save-KBFile -Name KB4057121

It won't download any file to current directory. What am I missing? There is no error message at all.
Thanks!

@potatoqualitee
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Author

potatoqualitee commented Jul 24, 2019

hey @temp2019 - no idea. try the new module instead. https://github.com/potatoqualitee/kbupdate

@temp2019
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The module worked.
Thanks!

@potatoqualitee
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Author

Excellent 😊 more enhancements coming soon

@rashtecq
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rashtecq commented Oct 2, 2019

Hi potatoqualitee,

Thanks for you great work. I am novice to Powershell and started learning about it. you script(https://github.com/potatoqualitee/kbupdate) worked for me, but only problem is it downloads all available package with same name.
For example, KB4522007. when i try your script to download, it downloads all available KBs. I want to download for 'Win2012R2' only but it downloads for all.

*Save-KbUpdate KB4522007 -Architecture x64 -OperatingSystem 'Windows Server 2012 R2' -Path C:\softarc*
WARNING: [10:11:38][Save-KbUpdate] When piping, please do not use OperatingSystem or Product filters. It's assumed that you are piping the results that you wish to download, so unexpected results may occur.

@Rajaganeshr1
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Thanks potatoqualitee ! The script works great. Only thing is had to change HTTP to HTTPS on line # 58 and 85 to make it work.

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