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Last active March 18, 2017 22:27
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Growing and shrinking nodes: d3v4 custom forces example

This is an example of how custom forces can be used to change the nodes sizes over time.

At the same time the nodes are bounded inside a box.

Click here for more on custom forces and here for an explanation of this example.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
.links line {
stroke: #999;
stroke-opacity: 0.6;
.nodes circle {
stroke: black ;
stroke-width: 0px;
svg {
border:1px solid black;
<svg width="400" height="400"></svg>
<script src=""></script>
//create somewhere to put the force directed graph
var svg ="svg"),
width = +svg.attr("width"),
height = +svg.attr("height");
var radius = 15;
var nodes_data = [
{"name": "Lillian", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Gordon", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Sylvester", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Mary", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Helen", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Jamie", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Jessie", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Ashton", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Duncan", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Evette", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Mauer", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Fray", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Duke", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Baron", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Infante", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Percy", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Cynthia", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Feyton", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Lesley", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Yvette", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Maria", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Lexy", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Peter", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Ashley", "sex": "F"},
{"name": "Finkler", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Damo", "sex": "M"},
{"name": "Imogen", "sex": "F"}
//Sample links data
//type: A for Ally, E for Enemy
var links_data = [
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Gordon", "type":"A" },
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Lillian", "type":"A" },
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Mary", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Jamie", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Jessie", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Helen", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Helen", "target": "Gordon", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Mary", "target": "Lillian", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Ashton", "target": "Mary", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Duncan", "target": "Jamie", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Gordon", "target": "Jessie", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Fray", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Fray", "target": "Mauer", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Fray", "target": "Cynthia", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Fray", "target": "Percy", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Percy", "target": "Cynthia", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Infante", "target": "Duke", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Duke", "target": "Gordon", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Duke", "target": "Sylvester", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Baron", "target": "Duke", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Baron", "target": "Sylvester", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Evette", "target": "Sylvester", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Cynthia", "target": "Sylvester", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Cynthia", "target": "Jamie", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Mauer", "target": "Jessie", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Duke", "target": "Lexy", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Feyton", "target": "Lexy", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Maria", "target": "Feyton", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Baron", "target": "Yvette", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Evette", "target": "Maria", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Cynthia", "target": "Yvette", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Maria", "target": "Jamie", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Maria", "target": "Lesley", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Ashley", "target": "Damo", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Damo", "target": "Lexy", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Maria", "target": "Feyton", "type":"A"},
{"source": "Finkler", "target": "Ashley", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Sylvester", "target": "Maria", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Peter", "target": "Finkler", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Ashley", "target": "Gordon", "type":"E"},
{"source": "Maria", "target": "Imogen", "type":"E"}
//set up the simulation
var simulation = d3.forceSimulation()
//add nodes
var link_force = d3.forceLink(links_data)
.id(function(d) { return; });
var charge_force = d3.forceManyBody()
var center_force = d3.forceCenter(width / 2, height / 2);
//Example of a custom force
//Slowly increases the size of the male nodes and decreases the size of the female nodes
function node_increase_force(alpha) {
for (var i = 0, n = nodes_data.length; i < n; ++i) {
curr_node = nodes_data[i];
if( == "M"){
d3.selectAll("circle")._groups[0][i].attributes.r.value = +d3.selectAll("circle")._groups[0][i].attributes.r.value + 0.003;
} else if( == "F"){
d3.selectAll("circle")._groups[0][i].attributes.r.value = +d3.selectAll("circle")._groups[0][i].attributes.r.value - 0.003;
.force("charge_force", charge_force)
.force("center_force", center_force)
//add tick instructions:
simulation.on("tick", tickActions );
//draw lines for the links
var link = svg.append("g")
.attr("class", "links")
.attr("stroke-width", 2)
.style("stroke", linkColour);
//draw circles for the nodes
var node = svg.append("g")
.attr("class", "nodes")
.attr("r", radius)
.attr("fill", circleColour);
var drag_handler = d3.drag()
.on("start", drag_start)
.on("drag", drag_drag)
.on("end", drag_end);
/** Functions **/
//Function to choose what color circle we have
//Let's return blue for males and red for females
function circleColour(d){
if( =="M"){
return "blue";
} else {
return "pink";
//Function to choose the line colour and thickness
//If the link type is "A" return green
//If the link type is "E" return red
function linkColour(d){
if(d.type == "A"){
return "green";
} else {
return "red";
//drag handler
//d is the node
function drag_start(d) {
if (! simulation.alphaTarget(0.3).restart();
d.fx = d.x;
d.fy = d.y;
function drag_drag(d) {
d.fx = d3.event.x;
d.fy = d3.event.y;
function drag_end(d) {
if (! simulation.alphaTarget(0);
d.fx = null;
d.fy = null;
function tickActions() {
//bounding box around the outside
.attr("cx", function(d) { return d.x = Math.max(radius, Math.min(width - radius, d.x)); })
.attr("cy", function(d) { return d.y = Math.max(radius, Math.min(height - radius, d.y)); });
.attr("x1", function(d) { return d.source.x; })
.attr("y1", function(d) { return d.source.y; })
.attr("x2", function(d) { return; })
.attr("y2", function(d) { return; });
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