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A demonstration of sun.misc.Unsafe
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import sun.misc.Unsafe;
import sun.reflect.ReflectionFactory;
import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.Modifier;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
public class UnsafeTest {
private Unsafe unsafe;
@Before
public void prepareUnsafe() throws Exception {
unsafe = makeInstance();
}
private Unsafe makeInstance() throws Exception{
Constructor<Unsafe> unsafeConstructor = Unsafe.class.getDeclaredConstructor();
unsafeConstructor.setAccessible(true);
unsafe = unsafeConstructor.newInstance();
return unsafe;
}
private Unsafe fetchInstance() throws Exception{
Field theUnsafe = Unsafe.class.getDeclaredField("theUnsafe");
theUnsafe.setAccessible(true);
unsafe = (Unsafe) theUnsafe.get(null);
return unsafe;
}
@Test
public void testRetrieval() throws Exception {
fetchInstance();
}
@Test(expected = SecurityException.class)
public void testSingletonGetter() throws Exception {
Unsafe.getUnsafe();
}
private static class ClassWithExpensiveConstructor {
private final int value;
private ClassWithExpensiveConstructor() {
value = doExpensiveLookup();
}
private int doExpensiveLookup() {
try {
Thread.sleep(2000);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return 1;
}
public int getValue() {
return value;
}
}
@Test
public void testObjectCreation() throws Exception {
ClassWithExpensiveConstructor instance = (ClassWithExpensiveConstructor) unsafe.allocateInstance(ClassWithExpensiveConstructor.class);
assertEquals(0, instance.getValue());
}
@Test
public void testReflectionFactory() throws Exception {
@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
Constructor<ClassWithExpensiveConstructor> silentConstructor = ReflectionFactory.getReflectionFactory()
.newConstructorForSerialization(ClassWithExpensiveConstructor.class, Object.class.getConstructor());
silentConstructor.setAccessible(true);
assertEquals(0, silentConstructor.newInstance().getValue());
}
private static class OtherClass {
private final int value;
private final int unknownValue;
private OtherClass() {
System.out.println("test");
this.value = 10;
this.unknownValue = 20;
}
}
@Test
public void testStrangeReflectionFactory() throws Exception {
@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
Constructor<ClassWithExpensiveConstructor> silentConstructor = ReflectionFactory.getReflectionFactory()
.newConstructorForSerialization(ClassWithExpensiveConstructor.class, OtherClass.class.getDeclaredConstructor());
silentConstructor.setAccessible(true);
ClassWithExpensiveConstructor instance = silentConstructor.newInstance();
assertEquals(10, instance.getValue());
assertEquals(ClassWithExpensiveConstructor.class, instance.getClass());
assertEquals(Object.class, instance.getClass().getSuperclass());
}
private class DirectIntArray {
private final static long INT_SIZE_IN_BYTES = 4;
private final long startIndex;
public DirectIntArray(long size) {
startIndex = unsafe.allocateMemory(size * INT_SIZE_IN_BYTES);
unsafe.setMemory(startIndex, size * INT_SIZE_IN_BYTES, (byte) 0);
}
public void setValue(long index, int value) {
unsafe.putInt(index(index), value);
}
public int getValue(long index) {
return unsafe.getInt(index(index));
}
private long index(long offset) {
return startIndex + offset * INT_SIZE_IN_BYTES;
}
public void destroy() {
unsafe.freeMemory(startIndex);
}
}
@Test
public void testDirectIntArray() throws Exception {
long maximum = Integer.MAX_VALUE + 1L;
DirectIntArray directIntArray = new DirectIntArray(maximum);
directIntArray.setValue(0L, 2);
directIntArray.setValue(maximum, 1);
assertEquals(2, directIntArray.getValue(0L));
assertEquals(0, directIntArray.getValue(1L));
assertEquals(1, directIntArray.getValue(maximum));
directIntArray.destroy();
}
@Test
public void testMallaciousAllocation() throws Exception {
long address = unsafe.allocateMemory(2L * 4);
unsafe.setMemory(address, 8L, (byte) 0);
assertEquals(0, unsafe.getInt(address));
assertEquals(0, unsafe.getInt(address + 4));
unsafe.putInt(address + 1, 0xffffffff);
assertEquals(0xffffff00, unsafe.getInt(address));
assertEquals(0x000000ff, unsafe.getInt(address + 4));
}
private static class SuperContainer {
protected int i;
private SuperContainer(int i) {
this.i = i;
}
public int getI() {
return i;
}
}
private static class Container extends SuperContainer {
private long l;
private Container(int i, long l) {
super(i);
this.l = l;
}
public long getL() {
return l;
}
@Override
public boolean equals(Object o) {
if (this == o) return true;
if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) return false;
Container container = (Container) o;
return l == container.l && i == container.i;
}
}
@Test
public void testObjectAllocation() throws Exception {
long containerSize = sizeOf(Container.class);
long address = unsafe.allocateMemory(containerSize);
Container c1 = new Container(10, 1000L);
Container c2 = new Container(5, -10L);
place(c1, address);
place(c2, address + containerSize);
Container newC1 = (Container) read(Container.class, address);
Container newC2 = (Container) read(Container.class, address + containerSize);
assertEquals(c1, newC1);
assertEquals(c2, newC2);
}
public void place(Object o, long address) throws Exception {
Class<?> clazz = o.getClass();
do {
for (Field f : clazz.getDeclaredFields()) {
if (!Modifier.isStatic(f.getModifiers())) {
long offset = unsafe.objectFieldOffset(f);
if (f.getType() == long.class) {
unsafe.putLong(address + offset, unsafe.getLong(o, offset));
} else if (f.getType() == int.class) {
unsafe.putInt(address + offset, unsafe.getInt(o, offset));
} else {
throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
}
}
}
} while ((clazz = clazz.getSuperclass()) != null);
}
public Object read(Class<?> clazz, long address) throws Exception {
Object instance = unsafe.allocateInstance(clazz);
do {
for (Field f : clazz.getDeclaredFields()) {
if (!Modifier.isStatic(f.getModifiers())) {
long offset = unsafe.objectFieldOffset(f);
if (f.getType() == long.class) {
unsafe.putLong(instance, offset, unsafe.getLong(address + offset));
} else if (f.getType() == int.class) {
unsafe.putInt(instance, offset, unsafe.getInt(address + offset));
} else {
throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
}
}
}
} while ((clazz = clazz.getSuperclass()) != null);
return instance;
}
public long sizeOf(Class<?> clazz) {
long maximumOffset = 0;
do {
for (Field f : clazz.getDeclaredFields()) {
if (!Modifier.isStatic(f.getModifiers())) {
maximumOffset = Math.max(maximumOffset, unsafe.objectFieldOffset(f));
}
}
} while ((clazz = clazz.getSuperclass()) != null);
return maximumOffset + 8;
}
@Test(expected = Exception.class)
public void testThrowChecked() throws Exception {
throwChecked();
}
public void throwChecked() {
unsafe.throwException(new Exception());
}
@Test
public void testPark() throws Exception {
final boolean[] run = new boolean[1];
Thread thread = new Thread() {
@Override
public void run() {
unsafe.park(true, 100000L);
run[0] = true;
}
};
thread.start();
unsafe.unpark(thread);
thread.join(100L);
assertTrue(run[0]);
}
@Test
public void testCopy() throws Exception {
long address = unsafe.allocateMemory(4L);
unsafe.putInt(address, 100);
long otherAddress = unsafe.allocateMemory(4L);
unsafe.copyMemory(address, otherAddress, 4L);
assertEquals(100, unsafe.getInt(otherAddress));
}
}
@alexradzin

I think that sizeOf() will work incorrectly if class does not have any field. Probably its return statement can be fixed as

return maximumOffset == 0 ? maximumOffset : maximumOffset + 8;
@juanavelez

Line 140

directIntArray.setValue(maximum, 1);

needs to be

directIntArray.setValue(maximum-1, 1);

Indexes in arrays are 0-based. Same goes for gets. Leaving like this causes fatal errors/core dumps in many versions of the JDK

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