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Last active Jan 8, 2019

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LAMPP on Windows with Cygwin

LAMP on Windows with Cygwin

You can run your "LAMP" server on Windows with all benefits of Linux command line.

Cygwin packages:

Download Cygwin and run setup. Choose this packages:

Web/httpd
Libs/libapr1-devel
Libs/libaprutil1-devel
PHP/httpd-mod_php7
PHP/php
Database/mysql
Database/mysql-server
PHP/php-fileinfo
PHP/php-mysqli
PHP/php-pdo_mysql
PHP/php-gd
PHP/php-Archive_Tar
PHP/php-bz2
PHP/php-zlib
PHP/php-json
PHP/php-ctype
PHP/php-exif
PHP/php-iconv
PHP/php-mbstring
PHP/php-curl
PHP/php-simplexml
PHP/php-xmlreader
PHP/php-xmlrpc
PHP/php-xmlwriter
PHP/php-zip
PHP/php-bcmath
Mail/exim
Mail/mutt
Editors/vim
Net/ncftp
Net/curl
Web/wget
Net/whois

...or you can run setup from command line with selected packages:

setup-x86_64.exe -P httpd -P libapr1-devel -P libaprutil1-devel -P httpd-mod_php7 -P php -P mysql -P mysql-server -P php-fileinfo -P php-mysqli -P php-pdo_mysql -P php-gd -P php-Archive_Tar -P php-bz2 -P php-zlib -P php-json -P php-ctype -P php-exif -P php-iconv -P php-mbstring -P php-curl -P php-simplexml -P php-xmlreader -P php-xmlrpc -P php-xmlwriter -P php-zip -P php-bcmath -P exim -P mutt -P vim -P ncftp -P curl -P wget -P whois 

Configuration:

/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

#42 Mutex posixsem (add)
#177 LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so (uncomment)
#212 ServerAdmin yourname@localhost (edit)
#222 ServerName localhost (add)
#245 DocumentRoot DocumentRoot "/cygdrive/c/www/" (edit)
#246 <Directory "/cygdrive/c/www/"> (edit)
#266 AllowOverride All (edit)
    (All/None/AllowOverrideFileInfo/AuthConfig/Limit)
#297 ErrorLog "/cygdrive/c/www/error_log"
#326 CustomLog "/cygdrive/c/www/access_log" common
  • #42 is line number in file, it is approximate value only for your orientation where you put or edit configurations
  • This is configuration for C:\www\ server root folder

etc/php.ini

#586 error_log = "/cygdrive/c/www/php_error_log" (add)

Commands:

Run Apache server:

$ /usr/sbin/httpd -k start (restart/stop)

Run MySQL(MariaDB):

$ mysql_install_db (installation)

$ mysqld_safe & (run daemon)
$ mysqladmin -u root shutdown (shutdowm)

$ mysql_secure_installation (installation with setups)

E-mail

Close Cygwin and run it again as admin, then rum Exim config:

$ exim-config

Who is the local postmaser? [yourname]
Primary host: localhost
IPV6: no
Sendmail: yes
Daemon: no

E-mail queue:

$ mailq (show queue)
$ rm -fvr /var/spool/exim (clear queue)

/etc/exim.conf

Forward all outcoming e-mails from server to yourname@localhost, about #527 line after "begin routers":

catch_all_outgoing:
driver = redirect
data = yourname@localhost

Mutt - e-mail client

Creates /home/yourname/Mail at first start

When error configuration, you can run: mutt -n (runs Mutt without configuration)

Using server.sh

Next file in this gist is server.sh. You can use it for running your server. Run Cygwin and type bash server.sh ? for help.

Examples

Start Apache + MySQL server:

bash server.sh start

Restart only Apache server:

bash server.sh restart

Stop both server and kill all related proceses

bash server.sh kill

Show PHP error log fie

bash server.sh log php_err

php.exe in system variables

For running PHP scripts from Windows command line or editors or IDEs add C:\[cygwin64 folder]\bin\ to system PATH variables.

#!/bin/bash
case "$1" in
# Apache server ===================
start)
bash server.sh apache start
bash server.sh mysql start
exit
;;
stop)
bash server.sh apache stop
bash server.sh mysql stop
bash server.sh kill
exit
;;
# Apache server ===================
apache)
case "$2" in
# start -------------------
start)
echo -e "\tStarting Apache..."
/usr/sbin/httpd -k start
exit
;;
# stop -------------------
stop)
echo -e "\tShutting down Apache..."
/usr/sbin/httpd -k stop
exit
;;
# restart -------------------
restart)
echo -e "\tRestarting Apache..."
/usr/sbin/httpd -k restart
exit
;;
# kill -------------------
kill)
echo -e "\tKilling all httpd processes..."
ps -W | grep httpd | grep -v grep | gawk '{print $1}' | xargs kill -f
exit
;;
# help --------------------
*)
echo " >>> Enter second parameter: start/stop/restart/kill"
exit
esac
;;
# MySQL database ==================
mysql)
case "$2" in
start)
echo -e "\tStarting MySQL..."
mysqld_safe &
exit
;;
# stop -------------------
stop)
echo -e "\tShutting down MySQL..."
mysqladmin -u root shutdown
exit
;;
# kill -------------------
kill)
echo -e "\tKilling all mysql processes..."
ps -W | grep mysqld | grep -v grep | gawk '{print $1}' | xargs kill -f
exit
;;
# help --------------------
*)
echo " >>> Enter second parameter: start/stop/kill"
exit
esac
;;
# Kill ============================
kill|exit|quit)
bash server.sh apache kill
bash server.sh mysql kill
exit
;;
# logs ============================
log)
case "$2" in
# php error ---------------
php_err)
less /cygdrive/c/www/php_error_log
exit
;;
# apache error ------------
err)
less /cygdrive/c/www/error_log
exit
;;
# apache access -----------
access)
less /cygdrive/c/www/access_log
exit
;;
# clear logs ---------------
clear)
rm -f /cygdrive/c/www/php_error_log
rm -f /cygdrive/c/www/error_log
rm -f /cygdrive/c/www/access_log
exit
;;
# help --------------------
*)
echo " >>> Enter second parameter: php_err/err/access/clear"
exit
esac
;;
# help ============================
help|?)
echo ""
echo "SERVER.SH"
echo ""
echo " bash server.sh [PARAM1] [PARAM2]"
echo " start - start HTTP & MySQL server"
echo " stop - stop HTTP & MySQL server"
echo " apache - Apache HTTP server"
echo " start/stop/restart/kill"
echo " mysql - MySQL database"
echo " start/stop/kill"
echo " log - log files"
echo " php_err/err/access/clear"
echo " kill - kill all HTTP & MySQL processes"
exit
;;
*) # if no action found ===========
echo " >>> Enter at least one parameter (\"help\" or \"?\" for help)"
esac
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