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LibAV parser and decoder example with openGL (YUV420 -> RGB shader).
#include "H264_Decoder.h"
H264_Decoder::H264_Decoder(h264_decoder_callback frameCallback, void* user)
:codec(NULL)
,codec_context(NULL)
,parser(NULL)
,fp(NULL)
,frame(0)
,cb_frame(frameCallback)
,cb_user(user)
,frame_timeout(0)
,frame_delay(0)
{
avcodec_register_all();
}
H264_Decoder::~H264_Decoder() {
if(parser) {
av_parser_close(parser);
parser = NULL;
}
if(codec_context) {
avcodec_close(codec_context);
av_free(codec_context);
codec_context = NULL;
}
if(picture) {
av_free(picture);
picture = NULL;
}
if(fp) {
fclose(fp);
fp = NULL;
}
cb_frame = NULL;
cb_user = NULL;
frame = 0;
frame_timeout = 0;
}
bool H264_Decoder::load(std::string filepath, float fps) {
codec = avcodec_find_decoder(AV_CODEC_ID_H264);
if(!codec) {
printf("Error: cannot find the h264 codec: %s\n", filepath.c_str());
return false;
}
codec_context = avcodec_alloc_context3(codec);
if(codec->capabilities & CODEC_CAP_TRUNCATED) {
codec_context->flags |= CODEC_FLAG_TRUNCATED;
}
if(avcodec_open2(codec_context, codec, NULL) < 0) {
printf("Error: could not open codec.\n");
return false;
}
fp = fopen(filepath.c_str(), "rb");
if(!fp) {
printf("Error: cannot open: %s\n", filepath.c_str());
return false;
}
picture = av_frame_alloc();
parser = av_parser_init(AV_CODEC_ID_H264);
if(!parser) {
printf("Erorr: cannot create H264 parser.\n");
return false;
}
if(fps > 0.0001f) {
frame_delay = (1.0f/fps) * 1000ull * 1000ull * 1000ull;
frame_timeout = rx_hrtime() + frame_delay;
}
// kickoff reading...
readBuffer();
return true;
}
bool H264_Decoder::readFrame() {
uint64_t now = rx_hrtime();
if(now < frame_timeout) {
return false;
}
bool needs_more = false;
while(!update(needs_more)) {
if(needs_more) {
readBuffer();
}
}
// it may take some 'reads' before we can set the fps
if(frame_timeout == 0 && frame_delay == 0) {
double fps = av_q2d(codec_context->time_base);
if(fps > 0.0) {
frame_delay = fps * 1000ull * 1000ull * 1000ull;
}
}
if(frame_delay > 0) {
frame_timeout = rx_hrtime() + frame_delay;
}
return true;
}
void H264_Decoder::decodeFrame(uint8_t* data, int size) {
AVPacket pkt;
int got_picture = 0;
int len = 0;
av_init_packet(&pkt);
pkt.data = data;
pkt.size = size;
len = avcodec_decode_video2(codec_context, picture, &got_picture, &pkt);
if(len < 0) {
printf("Error while decoding a frame.\n");
}
if(got_picture == 0) {
return;
}
++frame;
if(cb_frame) {
cb_frame(picture, &pkt, cb_user);
}
}
int H264_Decoder::readBuffer() {
int bytes_read = (int)fread(inbuf, 1, H264_INBUF_SIZE, fp);
if(bytes_read) {
std::copy(inbuf, inbuf + bytes_read, std::back_inserter(buffer));
}
return bytes_read;
}
bool H264_Decoder::update(bool& needsMoreBytes) {
needsMoreBytes = false;
if(!fp) {
printf("Cannot update .. file not opened...\n");
return false;
}
if(buffer.size() == 0) {
needsMoreBytes = true;
return false;
}
uint8_t* data = NULL;
int size = 0;
int len = av_parser_parse2(parser, codec_context, &data, &size,
&buffer[0], buffer.size(), 0, 0, AV_NOPTS_VALUE);
if(size == 0 && len >= 0) {
needsMoreBytes = true;
return false;
}
if(len) {
decodeFrame(&buffer[0], size);
buffer.erase(buffer.begin(), buffer.begin() + len);
return true;
}
return false;
}
/*
H264_Decoder
---------------------------------------
Example that shows how to use the libav parser system. This class forces a
H264 parser and codec. You use it by opening a file that is encoded with x264
using the `load()` function. You can pass the framerate you want to use for playback.
If you don't pass the framerate, we will detect it as soon as the parser found
the correct information.
After calling load(), you can call readFrame() which will read a new frame when
necessary. It will also make sure that it will read enough data from the buffer/file
when there is not enough data in the buffer.
`readFrame()` will trigger calls to the given `h264_decoder_callback` that you pass
to the constructor.
*/
#ifndef H264_DECODER_H
#define H264_DECODER_H
#define H264_INBUF_SIZE 16384 /* number of bytes we read per chunk */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <tinylib.h>
extern "C" {
#include <libavcodec/avcodec.h>
#include <libavutil/avutil.h>
}
typedef void(*h264_decoder_callback)(AVFrame* frame, AVPacket* pkt, void* user); /* the decoder callback, which will be called when we have decoded a frame */
class H264_Decoder {
public:
H264_Decoder(h264_decoder_callback frameCallback, void* user); /* pass in a callback function that is called whenever we decoded a video frame, make sure to call `readFrame()` repeatedly */
~H264_Decoder(); /* d'tor, cleans up the allocated objects and closes the codec context */
bool load(std::string filepath, float fps = 0.0f); /* load a video file which is encoded with x264 */
bool readFrame(); /* read a frame if necessary */
private:
bool update(bool& needsMoreBytes); /* internally used to update/parse the data we read from the buffer or file */
int readBuffer(); /* read a bit more data from the buffer */
void decodeFrame(uint8_t* data, int size); /* decode a frame we read from the buffer */
public:
AVCodec* codec; /* the AVCodec* which represents the H264 decoder */
AVCodecContext* codec_context; /* the context; keeps generic state */
AVCodecParserContext* parser; /* parser that is used to decode the h264 bitstream */
AVFrame* picture; /* will contain a decoded picture */
uint8_t inbuf[H264_INBUF_SIZE + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE]; /* used to read chunks from the file */
FILE* fp; /* file pointer to the file from which we read the h264 data */
int frame; /* the number of decoded frames */
h264_decoder_callback cb_frame; /* the callback function which will receive the frame/packet data */
void* cb_user; /* the void* with user data that is passed into the set callback */
uint64_t frame_timeout; /* timeout when we need to parse a new frame */
uint64_t frame_delay; /* delay between frames (in ns) */
std::vector<uint8_t> buffer; /* buffer we use to keep track of read/unused bitstream data */
};
#endif
/*
BASIC GLFW + GLXW WINDOW AND OPENGL SETUP
------------------------------------------
See https://gist.github.com/roxlu/6698180 for the latest version of the example.
*/
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#if defined(__linux) || defined(_WIN32)
# include <GLXW/glxw.h>
#endif
#define GLFW_INCLUDE_GLCOREARB
#include <GLFW/glfw3.h>
#define ROXLU_USE_MATH
#define ROXLU_USE_PNG
#define ROXLU_USE_OPENGL
#define ROXLU_IMPLEMENTATION
#include <tinylib.h>
#include "H264_Decoder.h"
#include "YUV420P_Player.h"
H264_Decoder* decoder_ptr = NULL;
YUV420P_Player* player_ptr = NULL;
bool playback_initialized = false;
void button_callback(GLFWwindow* win, int bt, int action, int mods);
void cursor_callback(GLFWwindow* win, double x, double y);
void key_callback(GLFWwindow* win, int key, int scancode, int action, int mods);
void char_callback(GLFWwindow* win, unsigned int key);
void error_callback(int err, const char* desc);
void resize_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height);
void frame_callback(AVFrame* frame, AVPacket* pkt, void* user);
void initialize_playback(AVFrame* frame, AVPacket* pkt);
int main() {
glfwSetErrorCallback(error_callback);
if(!glfwInit()) {
printf("Error: cannot setup glfw.\n");
return false;
}
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_SAMPLES, 4);
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 3);
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 2);
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_FORWARD_COMPAT, GL_TRUE);
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE);
GLFWwindow* win = NULL;
int w = 1516;
int h = 853;
#if 0
w = 320;
h = 240;
#endif
win = glfwCreateWindow(w, h, "GLFW", NULL, NULL);
if(!win) {
glfwTerminate();
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
glfwSetFramebufferSizeCallback(win, resize_callback);
glfwSetKeyCallback(win, key_callback);
glfwSetCharCallback(win, char_callback);
glfwSetCursorPosCallback(win, cursor_callback);
glfwSetMouseButtonCallback(win, button_callback);
glfwMakeContextCurrent(win);
glfwSwapInterval(1);
#if defined(__linux) || defined(_WIN32)
if(glxwInit() != 0) {
printf("Error: cannot initialize glxw.\n");
::exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
#endif
// ----------------------------------------------------------------
// THIS IS WHERE YOU START CALLING OPENGL FUNCTIONS, NOT EARLIER!!
// ----------------------------------------------------------------
H264_Decoder decoder(frame_callback, NULL);
YUV420P_Player player;
player_ptr = &player;
decoder_ptr = &decoder;
if(!decoder.load(rx_to_data_path("bunny.h264"), 30.0f)) {
::exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
while(!glfwWindowShouldClose(win)) {
glClearColor(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
decoder.readFrame();
player.draw(0, 0, w, h);
glfwSwapBuffers(win);
glfwPollEvents();
}
glfwTerminate();
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
void key_callback(GLFWwindow* win, int key, int scancode, int action, int mods) {
if(action != GLFW_PRESS) {
return;
}
switch(key) {
case GLFW_KEY_ESCAPE: {
glfwSetWindowShouldClose(win, GL_TRUE);
break;
}
};
}
void frame_callback(AVFrame* frame, AVPacket* pkt, void* user) {
if(!playback_initialized) {
initialize_playback(frame, pkt);
playback_initialized = true;
}
if(player_ptr) {
player_ptr->setYPixels(frame->data[0], frame->linesize[0]);
player_ptr->setUPixels(frame->data[1], frame->linesize[1]);
player_ptr->setVPixels(frame->data[2], frame->linesize[2]);
}
}
void initialize_playback(AVFrame* frame, AVPacket* pkt) {
if(frame->format != AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P) {
printf("This code only support YUV420P data.\n");
::exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if(!player_ptr) {
printf("player_ptr not found.\n");
::exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if(!player_ptr->setup(frame->width, frame->height)) {
printf("Cannot setup the yuv420 player.\n");
::exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
void error_callback(int err, const char* desc) {
printf("GLFW error: %s (%d)\n", desc, err);
}
void resize_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height) {
if(player_ptr) {
player_ptr->resize(width, height);
}
}
void button_callback(GLFWwindow* win, int bt, int action, int mods) {
double x,y;
if(action == GLFW_PRESS || action == GLFW_REPEAT) {
glfwGetCursorPos(win, &x, &y);
}
}
void cursor_callback(GLFWwindow* win, double x, double y) { }
void char_callback(GLFWwindow* win, unsigned int key) { }
#include "YUV420P_Player.h"
YUV420P_Player::YUV420P_Player()
:vid_w(0)
,vid_h(0)
,win_w(0)
,win_h(0)
,vao(0)
,y_tex(0)
,u_tex(0)
,v_tex(0)
,vert(0)
,frag(0)
,prog(0)
,u_pos(-1)
,textures_created(false)
,shader_created(false)
,y_pixels(NULL)
,u_pixels(NULL)
,v_pixels(NULL)
{
}
bool YUV420P_Player::setup(int vidW, int vidH) {
vid_w = vidW;
vid_h = vidH;
if(!vid_w || !vid_h) {
printf("Invalid texture size.\n");
return false;
}
if(y_pixels || u_pixels || v_pixels) {
printf("Already setup the YUV420P_Player.\n");
return false;
}
y_pixels = new uint8_t[vid_w * vid_h];
u_pixels = new uint8_t[int((vid_w * 0.5) * (vid_h * 0.5))];
v_pixels = new uint8_t[int((vid_w * 0.5) * (vid_h * 0.5))];
if(!setupTextures()) {
return false;
}
if(!setupShader()) {
return false;
}
glGenVertexArrays(1, &vao);
return true;
}
bool YUV420P_Player::setupShader() {
if(shader_created) {
printf("Already creatd the shader.\n");
return false;
}
vert = rx_create_shader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER, YUV420P_VS);
frag = rx_create_shader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER, YUV420P_FS);
prog = rx_create_program(vert, frag);
glLinkProgram(prog);
rx_print_shader_link_info(prog);
glUseProgram(prog);
glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(prog, "y_tex"), 0);
glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(prog, "u_tex"), 1);
glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(prog, "v_tex"), 2);
u_pos = glGetUniformLocation(prog, "draw_pos");
GLint viewport[4];
glGetIntegerv(GL_VIEWPORT, viewport);
resize(viewport[2], viewport[3]);
return true;
}
bool YUV420P_Player::setupTextures() {
if(textures_created) {
printf("Textures already created.\n");
return false;
}
glGenTextures(1, &y_tex);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, y_tex);
glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_R8, vid_w, vid_h, 0, GL_RED, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, NULL); // y_pixels);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
glGenTextures(1, &u_tex);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, u_tex);
glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_R8, vid_w/2, vid_h/2, 0, GL_RED, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, NULL);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
glGenTextures(1, &v_tex);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, v_tex);
glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_R8, vid_w/2, vid_h/2, 0, GL_RED, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, NULL);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
textures_created = true;
return true;
}
void YUV420P_Player::draw(int x, int y, int w, int h) {
assert(textures_created == true);
if(w == 0) {
w = vid_w;
}
if(h == 0) {
h = vid_h;
}
glBindVertexArray(vao);
glUseProgram(prog);
glUniform4f(u_pos, x, y, w, h);
glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, y_tex);
glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE1);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, u_tex);
glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE2);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, v_tex);
glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP, 0, 4);
}
void YUV420P_Player::resize(int winW, int winH) {
assert(winW > 0 && winH > 0);
win_w = winW;
win_h = winH;
pm.identity();
pm.ortho(0, win_w, win_h, 0, 0.0, 100.0f);
glUseProgram(prog);
glUniformMatrix4fv(glGetUniformLocation(prog, "u_pm"), 1, GL_FALSE, pm.ptr());
}
void YUV420P_Player::setYPixels(uint8_t* pixels, int stride) {
assert(textures_created == true);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, y_tex);
glPixelStorei(GL_UNPACK_ROW_LENGTH, stride);
glTexSubImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, 0, 0, vid_w, vid_h, GL_RED, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, pixels);
}
void YUV420P_Player::setUPixels(uint8_t* pixels, int stride) {
assert(textures_created == true);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, u_tex);
glPixelStorei(GL_UNPACK_ROW_LENGTH, stride);
glTexSubImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, 0, 0, vid_w/2, vid_h/2, GL_RED, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, pixels);
}
void YUV420P_Player::setVPixels(uint8_t* pixels, int stride) {
assert(textures_created == true);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, v_tex);
glPixelStorei(GL_UNPACK_ROW_LENGTH, stride);
glTexSubImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, 0, 0, vid_w/2, vid_h/2, GL_RED, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, pixels);
}
/*
YUV420P Player
--------------
This class implements a simple YUV420P renderer. This means that you
need to feed planar YUV420 data to the `setYPixels()`, `setUPixels()`
and `setVPixels()`.
First make sure to call setup() with the video width and height. We use
these dimensions to allocate the Y, U and V textures. After calling setup
you call the zset{Y,U,V}Pixels()` everytime you have a new frame that
you want to render. With the `draw()` function you draw the current
frame to the screen.
If you resize your viewport, make sure to call `resize()` so we can
adjust the projection matrix.
*/
#ifndef ROXLU_YUV420P_PLAYER_H
#define ROXLU_YUV420P_PLAYER_H
#define ROXLU_USE_MATH
#define ROXLU_USE_PNG
#define ROXLU_USE_OPENGL
#include <tinylib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
static const char* YUV420P_VS = ""
"#version 330\n"
""
"uniform mat4 u_pm;"
"uniform vec4 draw_pos;"
""
"const vec2 verts[4] = vec2[] ("
" vec2(-0.5, 0.5), "
" vec2(-0.5, -0.5), "
" vec2( 0.5, 0.5), "
" vec2( 0.5, -0.5) "
");"
""
"const vec2 texcoords[4] = vec2[] ("
" vec2(0.0, 1.0), "
" vec2(0.0, 0.0), "
" vec2(1.0, 1.0), "
" vec2(1.0, 0.0) "
"); "
""
"out vec2 v_coord; "
""
"void main() {"
" vec2 vert = verts[gl_VertexID];"
" vec4 p = vec4((0.5 * draw_pos.z) + draw_pos.x + (vert.x * draw_pos.z), "
" (0.5 * draw_pos.w) + draw_pos.y + (vert.y * draw_pos.w), "
" 0, 1);"
" gl_Position = u_pm * p;"
" v_coord = texcoords[gl_VertexID];"
"}"
"";
static const char* YUV420P_FS = ""
"#version 330\n"
"uniform sampler2D y_tex;"
"uniform sampler2D u_tex;"
"uniform sampler2D v_tex;"
"in vec2 v_coord;"
"layout( location = 0 ) out vec4 fragcolor;"
""
"const vec3 R_cf = vec3(1.164383, 0.000000, 1.596027);"
"const vec3 G_cf = vec3(1.164383, -0.391762, -0.812968);"
"const vec3 B_cf = vec3(1.164383, 2.017232, 0.000000);"
"const vec3 offset = vec3(-0.0625, -0.5, -0.5);"
""
"void main() {"
" float y = texture(y_tex, v_coord).r;"
" float u = texture(u_tex, v_coord).r;"
" float v = texture(v_tex, v_coord).r;"
" vec3 yuv = vec3(y,u,v);"
" yuv += offset;"
" fragcolor = vec4(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);"
" fragcolor.r = dot(yuv, R_cf);"
" fragcolor.g = dot(yuv, G_cf);"
" fragcolor.b = dot(yuv, B_cf);"
"}"
"";
class YUV420P_Player {
public:
YUV420P_Player();
bool setup(int w, int h);
void setYPixels(uint8_t* pixels, int stride);
void setUPixels(uint8_t* pixels, int stride);
void setVPixels(uint8_t* pixels, int stride);
void draw(int x, int y, int w = 0, int h = 0);
void resize(int winW, int winH);
private:
bool setupTextures();
bool setupShader();
public:
int vid_w;
int vid_h;
int win_w;
int win_h;
GLuint vao;
GLuint y_tex;
GLuint u_tex;
GLuint v_tex;
GLuint vert;
GLuint frag;
GLuint prog;
GLint u_pos;
bool textures_created;
bool shader_created;
uint8_t* y_pixels;
uint8_t* u_pixels;
uint8_t* v_pixels;
mat4 pm;
};
#endif
@hsnks100

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commented Apr 13, 2018

Thank you! It very helps me.

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