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@ruario /rpm4opera
Last active Jan 11, 2016

Converts Opera deb packages into rpm format
#!/usr/bin/env bash
available () {
command -v "$1" >/dev/null 2>&1
}
rpmcheck () {
if [ -e "$1" ]; then
echo "$1 is already present, delete it if you want to recreate it"
exit 0
fi
}
# Checked the required tools are installed
if ! available rpmbuild; then
echo "You must install rpm-build to use this script" >&2
exit 1
fi
if ! available ar; then
echo "You must install GNU binutils to use this script" >&2
exit 1
fi
# Check if automatic download has been selected
if [ "$1" = "-d" -o "$1" = "--developer" ]; then
name=opera-developer
appname=$name
shift 1
elif [ "$1" = "-b" -o "$1" = "--beta" ]; then
name=opera-beta
appname=$name
shift 1
elif [ "$1" = "-s" -o "$1" = "--stable" ]; then
name=opera-stable
appname=opera
shift 1
fi
if [ -n "$name" ]; then
# Make sure we have wget or curl
if available wget; then
silentdl="wget -qO-"
louddl="wget"
dloutput="-O"
elif available curl; then
silentdl="curl -s"
louddl="curl"
dloutput="-o"
else
echo "Install wget or curl" >&2
exit 1
fi
# Work out the latest Opera version for selected stream
version=$($silentdl http://deb.opera.com/opera/dists/stable/non-free/binary-amd64/Packages.gz | gzip -d | grep -A1 -x "Package: $name" | sed -n "/Version/s/.* //p")
# Error out if $version is unset, e.g. because previous command failed
if [ -z "$version" ]; then
echo "Could not work out the latest version of $name; exiting" >&2
exit 1
fi
# Define some variables
deb=${name}_${version}_amd64.deb
srcdir=/tmp # Stick the build in /tmp so it will be auto-deleted on reboot
outdir=/var/tmp # Stick the rpm in /var/tmp so that it is not auto-deleted
# Check if an rpm is already built
rpm=${name}-${version}-0.x86_64.rpm
rpmcheck "$outdir/$rpm"
# Fetch the build if it is not already present
if [ -e "$srcdir/$deb" ]; then
echo "Using $srcdir/$deb as a source"
else
$louddl http://deb.opera.com/opera/pool/non-free/o/$name/$deb $dloutput "$srcdir/$deb"
if ! [ "$?" = 0 ]; then
echo "Download failed!" >&2
exit 1
fi
fi
else
# Perform some sanity checks on specified deb package
if [ -z "$1" ]; then
echo "You must specify the path to a locally stored Opera .deb package." >&2
echo "Example usage: $(basename $0) opera.deb" >&2
exit 1
fi
if ! echo "$1" | grep -Eq "opera.*[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+.*\.deb$"; then
echo "$1 is not named like a recent Opera .deb package" >&2
exit 1
fi
if [ ! -r "$1" ]; then
echo "$1 is either not present or cannot be read" >&2
exit 1
fi
# Work out stream from the package name
case "$1" in
*developer*) name=opera-developer; appname=$name ;;
*beta*) name=opera-beta; appname=$name ;;
*stable*) name=opera-stable; appname=opera ;;
*) echo "Cannot work out which stream this version of Opera is from" >&2; exit 1 ;;
esac
# Work out version from the package name
version=$(echo "$1" | sed -r 's/.*[_-](([0-9]+\.)+[0-9]+)[_-].*/\1/')
# Error out if $version is unset
if [ -z "$version" ]; then
echo "Could not work out the latest version of $name; exiting" >&2
exit 1
fi
# Define some variables
deb=$(basename $1)
srcdir=$(cd "$(dirname $1)"; pwd)
outdir=$(pwd)
# Check if an rpm is already built
rpm=${name}-${version}-0.x86_64.rpm
rpmcheck "$outdir/$rpm"
fi
if [ ! -w "$outdir" ]; then
echo "You do not have write permission to your output directory ($outdir)." >&2
exit 1
fi
set -e
# Now the repack actually begins
repackdir=$(mktemp -t -d opera_repack.XXXXXX)
mkdir -p "${repackdir}"/{BUILD,BUILDROOT,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}
ln -s "$outdir" "$repackdir/RPMS/x86_64"
ln -s "$srcdir/$deb" "$repackdir/SOURCES/."
cat <<EOF > "${repackdir}/SPECS/opera.spec"
%define appname $appname
%define debug_package %{nil}
Summary: Fast and secure web browser
Name: $name
Version: $version
Release: 0
Group: Applications/Internet
License: Proprietary
URL: http://www.opera.com/browser
Source0: $deb
Vendor: Opera Software ASA
Packager: ruario
%description
Opera is a fast, secure and user-friendly web browser. It
includes web developer tools, news aggregation, and the ability
to compress data via Opera Turbo on congested networks.
%prep
%setup -T -c
%build
%install
# Not needed on Fedora but it is on some other distros
mkdir -p "%{buildroot}"
# Unpack the deb, correcting the lib directory and removing debian directories
ar p %{SOURCE0} data.tar.xz | tar -xJf- -C %{buildroot} \\
--transform="s,/usr/lib/.*-linux-gnu,%{_libdir}," \\
--exclude="./usr/share/lintian" \\
--exclude="./usr/share/menu"
# Fix the location of the doc directory on OpenSUSE
%if 0%{?suse_version}
mkdir -p "%{buildroot}/%{_defaultdocdir}"
mv "%{buildroot}/usr/share/doc/%{name}" "%{buildroot}/%{_defaultdocdir}/%{name}" 2>/dev/null ||:
%endif
# Set the correct permissions on the sandbox
chmod 4755 %{buildroot}%{_libdir}/%{appname}/opera_sandbox
# Correct the symlink due to changed lib directory
ln -fs %{_libdir}/%{appname}/%{appname} %{buildroot}%{_bindir}/%{appname}
%post
# Setup icons
touch -c /usr/share/icons/hicolor
if command -v gtk-update-icon-cache >/dev/null 2>&1; then
gtk-update-icon-cache -tq /usr/share/icons/hicolor 2>/dev/null ||:
fi
# Setup desktop file
if command -v update-desktop-database >/dev/null 2>&1; then
update-desktop-database -q /usr/share/applications 2>/dev/null ||:
fi
%postun
# Remove compatibility symlinks
if [ -e "%{_libdir}/%{appname}/lib/libudev.so.0" ]; then
rm -f %{_libdir}/%{appname}/lib/libudev.so.0
fi
if [ -e "%{_libdir}/%{appname}/lib/libcrypto.so.1.0.0" ]; then
rm -f %{_libdir}/%{appname}/lib/libcrypto.so.1.0.0
fi
# Remove directories left behind due to compatibility symlinks
if [ -d "%{_libdir}/%{appname}/lib" ]; then
rmdir --ignore-fail-on-non-empty %{_libdir}/%{appname}/lib
fi
if [ -d "%{_libdir}/%{appname}" ]; then
rmdir --ignore-fail-on-non-empty %{_libdir}/%{appname}
fi
%clean
rm -rf %{buildroot}
%files
%{_defaultdocdir}/%{name}
%{_bindir}/%{appname}
%{_libdir}/%{appname}
%{_datadir}/applications/*.desktop
%{_datadir}/icons/*
%{_datadir}/pixmaps/*
EOF
echo "Repacking started. This may take a few minutes..."
if ! rpmbuild -bb --define "_topdir ${repackdir}" "${repackdir}/SPECS/opera.spec" >"${repackdir}/rpm-build.log" 2>&1; then
echo "Something went wrong with packaging." >&2
echo "Incomplete repack left in ${repackdir}" >&2
exit 1
fi
rm -fr "${repackdir}"
echo "Created: $outdir/$rpm"
@glensc
glensc commented Sep 6, 2015

your %postun script is most likely buggy. i see typical mistake assuming %postun is invoked only when package is removed. but it's really executed each time old package is removed, thus, invoked on upgrades as well.

you need to check for $1 to be 0 in case it is uninstall ($1 contains number of remaining packages to system)

although it's probably ok what you execute there now, but i suggest still to fix it:

if [ "$1" = "0" ]; then
... your current %postun here
fi

or maybe just:

if [ "$1" != "0" ]; then
   exit 0
fi
@AngryPenguinPL

Hi.

I try now your script but looks like somethink is broken.

[x@localhost rpm-opera]$ ./rpm4opera --developer
--2015-10-25 18:40:09-- http://deb.opera.com/opera/pool/non-free/o/opera-developer/opera-developer_34.0.2026.0_amd64.deb
Translacja deb.opera.com (deb.opera.com)... 185.26.183.130
Łączenie się z deb.opera.com (deb.opera.com)|185.26.183.130|:80... połączono.
Żądanie HTTP wysłano, oczekiwanie na odpowiedź... 200 OK
Długość: 44951736 (43M) [application/x-debian-package]
Zapis do: `/tmp/opera-developer_34.0.2026.0_amd64.deb'

100%[=====================================>] 44.951.736 245KB/s w 2m 59s

2015-10-25 18:43:08 (245 KB/s) - zapisano `/tmp/opera-developer_34.0.2026.0_amd64.deb' [44951736/44951736]

Repacking started. This may take a few minutes...
Something went wrong with packaging.
Incomplete repack left in /tmp/opera_repack.UL6tkA
[x@localhost rpm-opera]$

Any solution or fix? :)

@f4hks
f4hks commented Oct 28, 2015

To correct this problem please add :
/usr/share/mime/packages/%{appname}.xml in %file section of the script , before EOF

@digrix
digrix commented Dec 14, 2015

or more correctly %{_datadir}/mime/packages/%{name}.xml
https://gist.github.com/digrix

@ruario
Owner
ruario commented Jan 11, 2016

As you have no doubt realised, this script is not maintained. I left Opera last year when the Opera desktop team in Oslo was shut down (development continues primarily with a team in Poland). Since I left all my Opera scripts are unmaintained and deprecated. If they work they work, if they don't they don't.

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