Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@ryin
Last active January 13, 2023 04:42
Embed
What would you like to do?
bash script for installing tmux without root access
#!/bin/bash
# Script for installing tmux on systems where you don't have root access.
# tmux will be installed in $HOME/local/bin.
# It's assumed that wget and a C/C++ compiler are installed.
# exit on error
set -e
TMUX_VERSION=1.8
# create our directories
mkdir -p $HOME/local $HOME/tmux_tmp
cd $HOME/tmux_tmp
# download source files for tmux, libevent, and ncurses
wget -O tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}.tar.gz http://sourceforge.net/projects/tmux/files/tmux/tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}/tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}.tar.gz/download
wget https://github.com/downloads/libevent/libevent/libevent-2.0.19-stable.tar.gz
wget ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/ncurses/ncurses-5.9.tar.gz
# extract files, configure, and compile
############
# libevent #
############
tar xvzf libevent-2.0.19-stable.tar.gz
cd libevent-2.0.19-stable
./configure --prefix=$HOME/local --disable-shared
make
make install
cd ..
############
# ncurses #
############
tar xvzf ncurses-5.9.tar.gz
cd ncurses-5.9
./configure --prefix=$HOME/local
make
make install
cd ..
############
# tmux #
############
tar xvzf tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}.tar.gz
cd tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}
./configure CFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-L$HOME/local/lib -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/include"
CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-static -L$HOME/local/include -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/lib" make
cp tmux $HOME/local/bin
cd ..
# cleanup
rm -rf $HOME/tmux_tmp
echo "$HOME/local/bin/tmux is now available. You can optionally add $HOME/local/bin to your PATH."
@hoosierEE
Copy link

The above from @StevenShi-23 and @amlestin (including the part about adding to $PATH) worked for me on Centos 7.6. Thanks!

@acanakoglu
Copy link

I updated for 2.9a.


# Script for installing tmux on systems where you don't have root access.
# tmux will be installed in $HOME/local/bin.
# It's assumed that wget and a C/C++ compiler are installed.

# exit on error
set -e

TMUX_VERSION=2.9a
LIBEVENT_VERSION=2.1.8-stable
NCURSES_VERSION=6.1


# create our directories
mkdir -p $HOME/local $HOME/tmux_tmp
cd $HOME/tmux_tmp

# download all the files
wget https://github.com/tmux/tmux/releases/download/${TMUX_VERSION}/tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}.tar.gz
wget https://github.com/libevent/libevent/releases/download/release-${LIBEVENT_VERSION}/libevent-${LIBEVENT_VERSION}.tar.gz
wget https://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/ncurses/ncurses-${NCURSES_VERSION}.tar.gz

############
# libevent #
############
tar xvzf libevent-${LIBEVENT_VERSION}.tar.gz
cd libevent-${LIBEVENT_VERSION}
./configure --prefix=$HOME/local --disable-shared
make
make install
cd ..

############
# ncurses  #
############
tar xvzf ncurses-${NCURSES_VERSION}.tar.gz
cd ncurses-${NCURSES_VERSION}
./configure --prefix=$HOME/local
make 
make install
cd ..

############
# tmux     #
############
tar xvzf tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}.tar.gz
cd tmux-${TMUX_VERSION}
./configure CFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-L$HOME/local/lib -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/include"
CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-static -L$HOME/local/include -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/lib" make
cp tmux $HOME/local/bin
cd ..

cd $HOME

# cleanup
rm -rf $HOME/tmux_tmp

echo "$HOME/local/bin/tmux is now available. You can optionally add $HOME/local/bin to your PATH."

# for the in order to add to the .bashrc (for /sh/bash) comment-in below line
# echo 'export PATH="$HOME/local/bin:$PATH"' >> $HOME/.bashrc

@flakrat
Copy link

flakrat commented Nov 4, 2019

Curious, why not use make install after compiling Tmux rather than cp tmux $HOME/local/bin?

Not a big difference, but you are missing the man page:

make[1]: Entering directory `/home/flakrat/sources/tmux-2.9a'
 /usr/bin/mkdir -p '/home/flakrat/local/bin'
  /usr/bin/install -c tmux '/home/flakrat/local/bin'
make  install-exec-hook
make[2]: Entering directory `/home/flakrat/sources/tmux-2.9a'
if test xmdoc = xmdoc; then \
	sed -e "s|@SYSCONFDIR@|/etc|g" ./tmux.1 \
		>./tmux.1.mdoc; \
else \
	sed -e "s|@SYSCONFDIR@|/etc|g" ./tmux.1| \
		gawk -f ./mdoc2man.awk >./tmux.1.man; \
fi
/usr/bin/mkdir -p /home/flakrat/local/share/man/man1
/usr/bin/install -c -m 644 ./tmux.1.mdoc \
	/home/flakrat/local/share/man/man1/tmux.1

@jrwrigh
Copy link

jrwrigh commented Mar 26, 2020

Note: The latest version of tmux (3.0a) is distributed as an Appimage. So you can simply download the Appimage and either:

  1. Put the Appimage somewhere on your path (and thus call tmux.Appimage directly) or
  2. Extract out the Appimage. This may be necessary depending on whether your machine can directly run Appimages.

@Derryxu
Copy link

Derryxu commented May 21, 2021

Thank you so much!

@Zemke
Copy link

Zemke commented May 29, 2021

For anyone looking to do this for Windows. Installing Tmux in Git Bash for instance without admin privileges.

You can grab the file from https://packages.msys2.org/package/tmux?repo=msys&variant=x86_64 and it contains tmux.exe along with appendices.

https://github.com/msys2/MSYS2-packages/blob/master/tmux/PKGBUILD is how they build it.

@nodswal
Copy link

nodswal commented Jan 24, 2022

Wow this is an older version of my build script, I will have to look through the commits for suggestions
https://github.com/nodswal/tmux-install

@davehouser1
Copy link

davehouser1 commented Nov 9, 2022

@StevenShi-23 script is breaking in CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-static -L$HOME/local/include -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/lib" make

with make: *** No rule to make target 'compat/forkpty-linux.c', needed by 'compat/forkpty-linux.o'. Stop.

I am using CentOS 6.10. Any ideas?

Any solution to this? I know CentOS6.10 is ancient but that is the version @StevenShi-23 and I are using. Is this only a problem on older distros? tmux refuses to to continue to compile with this error:

$ ./configure CFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-L$HOME/local/lib -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/include" CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" LDFLAGS="-static -L$HOME/local/include -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/lib"
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking whether build environment is sane... yes
checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... /bin/mkdir -p
checking for gawk... gawk
checking whether make sets $(MAKE)... yes
checking whether make supports nested variables... yes
checking build system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking host system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... no
configure: error: in `/home/dh016d/tmux/packages_downloaded/tmux-2.2':
configure: error: C compiler cannot create executables
See `config.log' for more details

I can get past it if I just run

./configure CFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses -I$HOME/local/include/event2" LDFLAGS="-L$HOME/local/lib -L$HOME/local/include/ncurses -L$HOME/local/include -L$HOME/local/include/event2" CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses -I$HOME/local/include/event2"

However after I make tmux throws this error:

$tmux -V
./tmux: error while loading shared libraries: libevent-2.0.so.5: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
$ldd ./tmux
        linux-vdso.so.1 =>  (0x00007ffca26e0000)
        libutil.so.1 => /lib64/libutil.so.1 (0x0000003b71e00000)
        libevent-2.0.so.5 => not found
        librt.so.1 => /lib64/librt.so.1 (0x0000003b68600000)
        libresolv.so.2 => /lib64/libresolv.so.2 (0x0000003b69200000)
        libc.so.6 => /lib64/libc.so.6 (0x0000003b67600000)
        libpthread.so.0 => /lib64/libpthread.so.0 (0x0000003b67e00000)
        /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x0000561f0752f000)

configure refuses to link the library for libevent, I cant figure out why. Anyone know?

EDIT: Got it working, followed this post here.

Steps to fix. Do not compile the way the script as above, do the following after you untar tmux and go into the directory.

export DIR="$HOME/local"
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$DIR/lib
./configure --prefix=$DIR CFLAGS="-I$DIR/include" LDFLAGS="-L$DIR/lib"
make
make install

One more note, all the posts about using autogen.sh, that did not work for me because aclocal was not installed. To avoid having to install autogen and autoconf I just downloaded the release version from here

https://github.com/tmux/tmux/releases/download/2.2/tmux-2.2.tar.gz

Change the version to what you want, like this. The configure script should be inside so you dont need to use autogen

https://github.com/tmux/tmux/releases/download/2.8/tmux-2.8.tar.gz

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment