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Postfix, Dovecot, LDAP Mail configuration
#/etc/postfix/accountsmap.cf
server_host = 10.0.0.126
search_base = ou=People,ou=Pragyan,dc=delta,dc=nitt.edu
query_filter = (&(objectClass=*)(mail=%s))
result_attribute = uid
bind = yes
bind_dn = cn=dovecot,ou=Pragyan,dc=delta,dc=nitt.edu
bind_pw = ******
#/etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
# This file is opened as root, so it should be owned by root and mode 0600.
#
# http://wiki.dovecot.org/AuthDatabase/LDAP
#
# NOTE: If you're not using authentication binds, you'll need to give
# dovecot-auth read access to userPassword field in the LDAP server.
# With OpenLDAP this is done by modifying /etc/ldap/slapd.conf. There should
# already be something like this:
# access to attribute=userPassword
# by dn="<dovecot's dn>" read # add this
# by anonymous auth
# by self write
# by * none
# Space separated list of LDAP hosts to use. host:port is allowed too.
hosts = delta.nitt.edu:389
# LDAP URIs to use. You can use this instead of hosts list. Note that this
# setting isn't supported by all LDAP libraries.
#uris =
# Distinguished Name - the username used to login to the LDAP server
dn = cn=dovecot,ou=Pragyan,dc=delta,dc=nitt.edu
# Password for LDAP server
dnpass = ******
# Use SASL binding instead of the simple binding. Note that this changes
# ldap_version automatically to be 3 if it's lower. Also note that SASL binds
# and auth_bind=yes don't work together.
#sasl_bind = no
# SASL mechanism name to use.
#sasl_mech =
# SASL realm to use.
#sasl_realm =
# SASL authorization ID, ie. the dnpass is for this "master user", but the
# dn is still the logged in user. Normally you want to keep this empty.
#sasl_authz_id =
# Use TLS to connect to the LDAP server.
#tls = no
# Use authentication binding for verifying password's validity. This works by
# logging into LDAP server using the username and password given by client.
# The pass_filter is used to find the DN for the user. Note that the pass_attrs
# is still used, only the password field is ignored in it. Before doing any
# search, the binding is switched back to the default DN.
auth_bind = yes
# If authentication binding is used, you can save one LDAP request per login
# if users' DN can be specified with a common template. The template can use
# the standard %variables (see user_filter). Note that you can't
# use any pass_attrs if you use this setting.
#
# If you use this setting, it's a good idea to use a different
# dovecot-ldap.conf for userdb (it can even be a symlink, just as long as the
# filename is different in userdb's args). That way one connection is used only
# for LDAP binds and another connection is used for user lookups. Otherwise
# the binding is changed to the default DN before each user lookup.
#
# For example:
# auth_bind_userdn = cn=%u,ou=people,o=org
#
#auth_bind_userdn =
# LDAP protocol version to use. Likely 2 or 3.
#ldap_version = 2
# LDAP base. %variables can be used here.
#base = uid=someone, dc=foo, dc=bar, dc=org
base = ou=Pragyan,dc=delta,dc=nitt.edu
# Dereference: never, searching, finding, always
#deref = never
# Search scope: base, onelevel, subtree
scope = subtree
# User attributes are given in LDAP-name=dovecot-internal-name list. The
# internal names are:
# uid - System UID
# gid - System GID
# home - Home directory
# mail - Mail location
#
# There are also other special fields which can be returned, see
# http://wiki.dovecot.org/UserDatabase/ExtraFields
user_attrs = homeDirectory=home,uidNumber=uid,gidNumber=gid
# Filter for user lookup. Some variables can be used (see
# http://wiki.dovecot.org/Variables for full list):
# %u - username
# %n - user part in user@domain, same as %u if there's no domain
# %d - domain part in user@domain, empty if user there's no domain
#user_filter = (&(objectClass=posixAccount)(uid=%u))
# Password checking attributes:
# user: Virtual user name (user@domain), if you wish to change the
# user-given username to something else
# password: Password, may optionally start with {type}, eg. {crypt}
# There are also other special fields which can be returned, see
# http://wiki.dovecot.org/PasswordDatabase/ExtraFields
pass_attrs = uid=user
# If you wish to avoid two LDAP lookups (passdb + userdb), you can use
# userdb prefetch instead of userdb ldap in dovecot.conf. In that case you'll
# also have to include user_attrs in pass_attrs field prefixed with "userdb_"
# string. For example:
#pass_attrs = uid=user,userPassword=password,homeDirectory=userdb_home,uidNumber=userdb_uid,gidNumber=userdb_gid
# Filter for password lookups
pass_filter = (&(objectClass=*)(uid=%u))
# Default password scheme. "{scheme}" before password overrides this.
# List of supported schemes is in: http://wiki.dovecot.org/Authentication
default_pass_scheme = SSHA
# You can use same UID and GID for all user accounts if you really want to.
# If the UID/GID is still found from LDAP reply, it overrides these values.
user_global_uid = 700
user_global_gid = 700
#/etc/dovecot.conf
## Dovecot configuration file
# Things to change :
# 1. userdb static
# 2. userdb ldap
# 3. passdb ldap
# If you're in a hurry, see http://wiki.dovecot.org/QuickConfiguration
# "dovecot -n" command gives a clean output of the changed settings. Use it
# instead of copy&pasting this file when posting to the Dovecot mailing list.
# '#' character and everything after it is treated as comments. Extra spaces
# and tabs are ignored. If you want to use either of these explicitly, put the
# value inside quotes, eg.: key = "# char and trailing whitespace "
# Default values are shown for each setting, it's not required to uncomment
# any of the lines.
# Base directory where to store runtime data.
#base_dir = /var/run/dovecot/
# Protocols we want to be serving: imap imaps pop3 pop3s
# If you only want to use dovecot-auth, you can set this to "none".
#protocols = imap imaps pop3 pop3s
# IP or host address where to listen in for connections. It's not currently
# possible to specify multiple addresses. "*" listens in all IPv4 interfaces.
# "[::]" listens in all IPv6 interfaces, but may also listen in all IPv4
# interfaces depending on the operating system.
#
# If you want to specify ports for each service, you will need to configure
# these settings inside the protocol imap/pop3 { ... } section, so you can
# specify different ports for IMAP/POP3. For example:
# protocol imap {
# listen = *:10143
# ssl_listen = *:10943
# ..
# }
# protocol pop3 {
# listen = *:10100
# ..
# }
#listen = [::]
# Disable LOGIN command and all other plaintext authentications unless
# SSL/TLS is used (LOGINDISABLED capability). Note that if the remote IP
# matches the local IP (ie. you're connecting from the same computer), the
# connection is considered secure and plaintext authentication is allowed.
#disable_plaintext_auth = no
# Should all IMAP and POP3 processes be killed when Dovecot master process
# shuts down. Setting this to "no" means that Dovecot can be upgraded without
# forcing existing client connections to close (although that could also be
# a problem if the upgrade is eg. because of a security fix). This however
# means that after master process has died, the client processes can't write
# to log files anymore.
#shutdown_clients = yes
##
## Logging
##
# Log file to use for error messages, instead of sending them to syslog.
# /dev/stderr can be used to log into stderr.
#log_path =
# Log file to use for informational and debug messages.
# Default is the same as log_path.
#info_log_path =
# Prefix for each line written to log file. % codes are in strftime(3)
# format.
#log_timestamp = "%b %d %H:%M:%S "
# Syslog facility to use if you're logging to syslog. Usually if you don't
# want to use "mail", you'll use local0..local7. Also other standard
# facilities are supported.
#syslog_facility = mail
##
## SSL settings
##
# IP or host address where to listen in for SSL connections. Defaults
# to above if not specified.
#ssl_listen =
# Disable SSL/TLS support.
#ssl_disable = no
# PEM encoded X.509 SSL/TLS certificate and private key. They're opened before
# dropping root privileges, so keep the key file unreadable by anyone but
# root. Included doc/mkcert.sh can be used to easily generate self-signed
# certificate, just make sure to update the domains in dovecot-openssl.cnf
#ssl_cert_file = /etc/pki/dovecot/certs/dovecot.pem
#ssl_key_file = /etc/pki/dovecot/private/dovecot.pem
# If key file is password protected, give the password here. Alternatively
# give it when starting dovecot with -p parameter.
#ssl_key_password =
# File containing trusted SSL certificate authorities. Usually not needed.
# The CAfile should contain the CA-certificate(s) followed by the matching
# CRL(s). CRL checking is new in dovecot .rc1
#ssl_ca_file =
# Request client to send a certificate. If you also want to require it, set
# ssl_require_client_cert=yes in auth section.
#ssl_verify_client_cert = no
# How often to regenerate the SSL parameters file. Generation is quite CPU
# intensive operation. The value is in hours, 0 disables regeneration
# entirely.
#ssl_parameters_regenerate = 168
# SSL ciphers to use
#ssl_cipher_list = ALL:!LOW
# Show protocol level SSL errors.
#verbose_ssl = no
##
## Login processes
##
# <doc/wiki/LoginProcess.txt>
# Directory where authentication process places authentication UNIX sockets
# which login needs to be able to connect to. The sockets are created when
# running as root, so you don't have to worry about permissions. Note that
# everything in this directory is deleted when Dovecot is started.
#login_dir = /var/run/dovecot/login
# chroot login process to the login_dir. Only reason not to do this is if you
# wish to run the whole Dovecot without roots. <doc/wiki/Rootless.txt>
#login_chroot = yes
# User to use for the login process. Create a completely new user for this,
# and don't use it anywhere else. The user must also belong to a group where
# only it has access, it's used to control access for authentication process.
# Note that this user is NOT used to access mails. <doc/wiki/UserIds.txt>
#login_user = dovecot
# Set max. process size in megabytes. If you don't use
# login_process_per_connection you might need to grow this.
#login_process_size = 32
# Should each login be processed in it's own process (yes), or should one
# login process be allowed to process multiple connections (no)? Yes is more
# secure, espcially with SSL/TLS enabled. No is faster since there's no need
# to create processes all the time.
#login_process_per_connection = yes
# Number of login processes to keep for listening new connections.
#login_processes_count = 3
# Maximum number of login processes to create. The listening process count
# usually stays at login_processes_count, but when multiple users start logging
# in at the same time more extra processes are created. To prevent fork-bombing
# we check only once in a second if new processes should be created - if all
# of them are used at the time, we double their amount until the limit set by
# this setting is reached.
#login_max_processes_count = 128
# Maximum number of connections allowed per each login process. This setting
# is used only if login_process_per_connection=no. Once the limit is reached,
# the process notifies master so that it can create a new login process.
# You should make sure that the process has at least
# 16 + login_max_connections * 2 available file descriptors.
#login_max_connections = 256
# Greeting message for clients.
#login_greeting = Dovecot ready.
# Space-separated list of elements we want to log. The elements which have
# a non-empty variable value are joined together to form a comma-separated
# string.
#login_log_format_elements = user=<%u> method=%m rip=%r lip=%l %c
# Login log format. %$ contains login_log_format_elements string, %s contains
# the data we want to log.
#login_log_format = %$: %s
##
## Mailbox locations and namespaces
##
# Location for users' mailboxes. This is the same as the old default_mail_env
# setting. The default is empty, which means that Dovecot tries to find the
# mailboxes automatically. This won't work if the user doesn't have any mail
# yet, so you should explicitly tell Dovecot the full location.
#
# If you're using mbox, giving a path to the INBOX file (eg. /var/mail/%u)
# isn't enough. You'll also need to tell Dovecot where the other mailboxes are
# kept. This is called the "root mail directory", and it must be the first
# path given in the mail_location setting.
#
# There are a few special variables you can use, eg.:
#
# %u - username
# %n - user part in user@domain, same as %u if there's no domain
# %d - domain part in user@domain, empty if there's no domain
# %h - home directory
#
# See doc/wiki/Variables.txt for full list. Some examples:
#
# mail_location = maildir:/var/spool/mail/PragyanMail/%u
# mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/spool/mail/%u
# mail_location = mbox:~/mail:Sent=/var/spool/mail/%u
mail_location = mbox:/var/spool/mail/virtual/PragyanMail/%u:INBOX=/var/spool/mail/virtual/%u
# mail_location = mbox:/var/mail/%d/%1n/%n:INDEX=/var/indexes/%d/%1n/%n
#
# <doc/wiki/MailLocation.txt>
#
#mail_location =
# If you need to set multiple mailbox locations or want to change default
# namespace settings, you can do it by defining namespace sections.
# NOTE: Namespaces currently work ONLY with IMAP! POP3 and LDA currently ignore
# namespaces completely, they use only the mail_location setting.
#
# You can have private, shared and public namespaces. The only difference
# between them is how Dovecot announces them to client via NAMESPACE
# extension. Shared namespaces are meant for user-owned mailboxes which are
# shared to other users, while public namespaces are for more globally
# accessible mailboxes.
#
# REMEMBER: If you add any namespaces, the default namespace must be added
# explicitly, ie. mail_location does nothing unless you have a namespace
# without a location setting. Default namespace is simply done by having a
# namespace with empty prefix.
#namespace private {
# Hierarchy separator to use. You should use the same separator for all
# namespaces or some clients get confused. '/' is usually a good one.
# The default however depends on the underlying mail storage format.
#separator =
# Prefix required to access this namespace. This needs to be different for
# all namespaces. For example "Public/".
#prefix =
# Physical location of the mailbox. This is in same format as
# mail_location, which is also the default for it.
#location =
# There can be only one INBOX, and this setting defines which namespace
# has it.
#inbox = yes
# If namespace is hidden, it's not advertised to clients via NAMESPACE
# extension or shown in LIST replies. This is mostly useful when converting
# from another server with different namespaces which you want to depricate
# but still keep working. For example you can create hidden namespaces with
# prefixes "~/mail/", "~%u/mail/" and "mail/".
#hidden = yes
#}
# Grant access to these extra groups for mail processes. Typical use would be
# to give "mail" group write access to /var/mail to be able to create dotlocks.
#mail_extra_groups =
# Allow full filesystem access to clients. There's no access checks other than
# what the operating system does for the active UID/GID. It works with both
# maildir and mboxes, allowing you to prefix mailboxes names with eg. /path/
# or ~user/.
#mail_full_filesystem_access = no
##
## Mail processes
##
# Enable mail process debugging. This can help you figure out why Dovecot
# isn't finding your mails.
#mail_debug = no
# Log prefix for mail processes. See doc/wiki/Variables.txt for list of
# possible variables you can use.
#mail_log_prefix = "%Us(%u): "
# Max. number of lines a mail process is allowed to log per second before it's
# throttled. 0 means unlimited. Typically there's no need to change this
# unless you're using mail_log plugin, which may log a lot.
#mail_log_max_lines_per_sec = 10
# Don't use mmap() at all. This is required if you store indexes to shared
# filesystems (NFS or clustered filesystem).
#mmap_disable = no
# Don't write() to mmaped files. This is required for some operating systems
# which use separate caches for them, such as OpenBSD.
#mmap_no_write = no
# Rely on O_EXCL to work when creating dotlock files. The default is to use
# hard linking. O_EXCL makes the dotlocking faster, but it doesn't always
# work with NFS.
#dotlock_use_excl = no
# Don't use fsync() or fdatasync() calls. This makes the performance better
# at the cost of potential data loss if the server (or the file server)
# goes down.
#fsync_disable = no
# Locking method for index files. Alternatives are fcntl, flock and dotlock.
# Dotlocking uses some tricks which may create more disk I/O than other locking
# methods. NOTE: If you use NFS, remember to change also mmap_disable setting!
#lock_method = fcntl
# Drop all privileges before exec()ing the mail process. This is mostly
# meant for debugging, otherwise you don't get core dumps. It could be a small
# security risk if you use single UID for multiple users, as the users could
# ptrace() each others processes then.
#mail_drop_priv_before_exec = no
# Show more verbose process titles (in ps). Currently shows user name and
# IP address. Useful for seeing who are actually using the IMAP processes
# (eg. shared mailboxes or if same uid is used for multiple accounts).
#verbose_proctitle = no
# Valid UID range for users, defaults to 500 and above. This is mostly
# to make sure that users can't log in as daemons or other system users.
# Note that denying root logins is hardcoded to dovecot binary and can't
# be done even if first_valid_uid is set to 0.
#first_valid_uid = 500
#last_valid_uid = 0
# Valid GID range for users, defaults to non-root/wheel. Users having
# non-valid GID as primary group ID aren't allowed to log in. If user
# belongs to supplementary groups with non-valid GIDs, those groups are
# not set.
#first_valid_gid = 1
#last_valid_gid = 0
# Maximum number of running mail processes. When this limit is reached,
# new users aren't allowed to log in.
#max_mail_processes = 1024
# Set max. process size in megabytes. Most of the memory goes to mmap()ing
# files, so it shouldn't harm much even if this limit is set pretty high.
#mail_process_size = 256
# Maximum allowed length for mail keyword name. It's only forced when trying
# to create new keywords.
#mail_max_keyword_length = 50
# ':' separated list of directories under which chrooting is allowed for mail
# processes (ie. /var/mail will allow chrooting to /var/mail/foo/bar too).
# This setting doesn't affect login_chroot or auth chroot variables.
# WARNING: Never add directories here which local users can modify, that
# may lead to root exploit. Usually this should be done only if you don't
# allow shell access for users. <doc/wiki/Chrooting.txt>
#valid_chroot_dirs =
# Default chroot directory for mail processes. This can be overridden for
# specific users in user database by giving /./ in user's home directory
# (eg. /home/./user chroots into /home). Note that usually there is no real
# need to do chrooting, Dovecot doesn't allow users to access files outside
# their mail directory anyway. <doc/wiki/Chrooting.txt>
#mail_chroot =
##
## Mailbox handling optimizations
##
# Space-separated list of fields to initially save into cache file. Currently
# these fields are allowed:
#
# flags, date.sent, date.received, size.virtual, size.physical
# mime.parts, imap.body, imap.bodystructure
#
# Different IMAP clients work in different ways, so they benefit from
# different cached fields. Some do not benefit from them at all. Caching more
# than necessary generates useless disk I/O, so you don't want to do that
# either.
#
# Dovecot attempts to automatically figure out what client wants and it keeps
# only that. However the first few times a mailbox is opened, Dovecot hasn't
# yet figured out what client needs, so it may not perform optimally. If you
# know what fields the majority of your clients need, it may be useful to set
# these fields by hand. If client doesn't actually use them, Dovecot will
# eventually drop them.
#
# Usually you should just leave this field alone. The potential benefits are
# typically unnoticeable.
#mail_cache_fields =
# Space-separated list of fields that Dovecot should never save to cache file.
# Useful if you want to save disk space at the cost of more I/O when the fields
# needed.
#mail_never_cache_fields =
# The minimum number of mails in a mailbox before updates are done to cache
# file. This allows optimizing Dovecot's behavior to do less disk writes at
# the cost of more disk reads.
#mail_cache_min_mail_count = 0
# When IDLE command is running, mailbox is checked once in a while to see if
# there are any new mails or other changes. This setting defines the minimum
# time to wait between those checks. Dovecot is however able to use dnotify
# and inotify with Linux to reply immediately after the change occurs.
#mailbox_idle_check_interval = 30
# Save mails with CR+LF instead of plain LF. This makes sending those mails
# take less CPU, especially with sendfile() syscall with Linux and FreeBSD.
# But it also creates a bit more disk I/O which may just make it slower.
# Also note that if other software reads the mboxes/maildirs, they may handle
# the extra CRs wrong and cause problems.
#mail_save_crlf = no
##
## Maildir-specific settings
##
# By default LIST command returns all entries in maildir beginning with a dot.
# Enabling this option makes Dovecot return only entries which are directories.
# This is done by stat()ing each entry, so it causes more disk I/O.
# (For systems setting struct dirent->d_type, this check is free and it's
# done always regardless of this setting)
#maildir_stat_dirs = no
# When copying a message, do it with hard links whenever possible. This makes
# the performance much better, and it's unlikely to have any side effects.
#maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = no
# When copying a message, try to preserve the base filename. Only if the
# destination mailbox already contains the same name (ie. the mail is being
# copied there twice), a new name is given. The destination filename check is
# done only by looking at dovecot-uidlist file, so if something outside
# Dovecot does similar filename preserving copies, you may run into problems.
# NOTE: This setting requires maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = yes to work.
#maildir_copy_preserve_filename = no
##
## mbox-specific settings
##
# Which locking methods to use for locking mbox. There are four available:
# dotlock: Create <mailbox>.lock file. This is the oldest and most NFS-safe
# solution. If you want to use /var/mail/ like directory, the users
# will need write access to that directory.
# fcntl : Use this if possible. Works with NFS too if lockd is used.
# flock : May not exist in all systems. Doesn't work with NFS.
# lockf : May not exist in all systems. Doesn't work with NFS.
#
# You can use multiple locking methods; if you do the order they're declared
# in is important to avoid deadlocks if other MTAs/MUAs are using multiple
# locking methods as well. Some operating systems don't allow using some of
# them simultaneously.
#mbox_read_locks = fcntl
#mbox_write_locks = fcntl
# Maximum time in seconds to wait for lock (all of them) before aborting.
#mbox_lock_timeout = 300
# If dotlock exists but the mailbox isn't modified in any way, override the
# lock file after this many seconds.
#mbox_dotlock_change_timeout = 120
# When mbox changes unexpectedly we have to fully read it to find out what
# changed. If the mbox is large this can take a long time. Since the change
# is usually just a newly appended mail, it'd be faster to simply read the
# new mails. If this setting is enabled, Dovecot does this but still safely
# fallbacks to re-reading the whole mbox file whenever something in mbox isn't
# how it's expected to be. The only real downside to this setting is that if
# some other MUA changes message flags, Dovecot doesn't notice it immediately.
# Note that a full sync is done with SELECT, EXAMINE, EXPUNGE and CHECK
# commands.
#mbox_dirty_syncs = yes
# Like mbox_dirty_syncs, but don't do full syncs even with SELECT, EXAMINE,
# EXPUNGE or CHECK commands. If this is set, mbox_dirty_syncs is ignored.
#mbox_very_dirty_syncs = no
# Delay writing mbox headers until doing a full write sync (EXPUNGE and CHECK
# commands and when closing the mailbox). This is especially useful for POP3
# where clients often delete all mails. The downside is that our changes
# aren't immediately visible to other MUAs.
#mbox_lazy_writes = yes
# If mbox size is smaller than this (in kilobytes), don't write index files.
# If an index file already exists it's still read, just not updated.
#mbox_min_index_size = 0
##
## dbox-specific settings
##
# Maximum dbox file size in kilobytes until it's rotated.
#dbox_rotate_size = 2048
# Minimum dbox file size in kilobytes before it's rotated
# (overrides dbox_rotate_days)
#dbox_rotate_min_size = 16
# Maximum dbox file age in days until it's rotated. Day always begins from
# midnight, so 1 = today, 2 = yesterday, etc. 0 = check disabled.
#dbox_rotate_days = 0
##
## IMAP specific settings
##
protocol imap {
# Login executable location.
#login_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/imap-login
# IMAP executable location. Changing this allows you to execute other
# binaries before the imap process is executed.
#
# This would write rawlogs into ~/dovecot.rawlog/ directory:
# mail_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/rawlog /usr/libexec/dovecot/imap
#
# This would attach gdb into the imap process and write backtraces into
# /tmp/gdbhelper.* files:
# mail_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/gdbhelper /usr/libexec/dovecot/imap
#
#mail_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/imap
# Maximum IMAP command line length in bytes. Some clients generate very long
# command lines with huge mailboxes, so you may need to raise this if you get
# "Too long argument" or "IMAP command line too large" errors often.
#imap_max_line_length = 65536
# Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
# list of plugins to load.
#mail_plugins =
#mail_plugin_dir = /usr/lib/dovecot/imap
# Send IMAP capabilities in greeting message. This makes it unnecessary for
# clients to request it with CAPABILITY command, so it saves one round-trip.
# Many clients however don't understand it and ask the CAPABILITY anyway.
#login_greeting_capability = no
# Override the IMAP CAPABILITY response.
#imap_capability =
# Workarounds for various client bugs:
# delay-newmail:
# Send EXISTS/RECENT new mail notifications only when replying to NOOP
# and CHECK commands. Some clients ignore them otherwise, for example OSX
# Mail (<v2.1). Outlook Express breaks more badly though, without this it
# may show user "Message no longer in server" errors. Note that OE6 still
# breaks even with this workaround if synchronization is set to
# "Headers Only".
# outlook-idle:
# Outlook and Outlook Express never abort IDLE command, so if no mail
# arrives in half a hour, Dovecot closes the connection. This is still
# fine, except Outlook doesn't connect back so you don't see if new mail
# arrives.
# netscape-eoh:
# Netscape 4.x breaks if message headers don't end with the empty "end of
# headers" line. Normally all messages have this, but setting this
# workaround makes sure that Netscape never breaks by adding the line if
# it doesn't exist. This is done only for FETCH BODY[HEADER.FIELDS..]
# commands. Note that RFC says this shouldn't be done.
# tb-extra-mailbox-sep:
# With mbox storage a mailbox can contain either mails or submailboxes,
# but not both. Thunderbird separates these two by forcing server to
# accept '/' suffix in mailbox names in subscriptions list.
# The list is space-separated.
#imap_client_workarounds = outlook-idle
}
##
## POP3 specific settings
##
protocol pop3 {
# Login executable location.
#login_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/pop3-login
# POP3 executable location. See IMAP's mail_executable above for examples
# how this could be changed.
#mail_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/pop3
# Don't try to set mails non-recent or seen with POP3 sessions. This is
# mostly intended to reduce disk I/O. With maildir it doesn't move files
# from new/ to cur/, with mbox it doesn't write Status-header.
#pop3_no_flag_updates = no
# Support LAST command which exists in old POP3 specs, but has been removed
# from new ones. Some clients still wish to use this though. Enabling this
# makes RSET command clear all \Seen flags from messages.
#pop3_enable_last = no
# If mail has X-UIDL header, use it as the mail's UIDL.
#pop3_reuse_xuidl = no
# Keep the mailbox locked for the entire POP3 session.
#pop3_lock_session = no
# POP3 UIDL (unique mail identifier) format to use. You can use following
# variables:
#
# %v - Mailbox's IMAP UIDVALIDITY
# %u - Mail's IMAP UID
# %m - MD5 sum of the mailbox headers in hex (mbox only)
# %f - filename (maildir only)
#
# If you want UIDL compatibility with other POP3 servers, use:
# UW's ipop3d : %08Xv%08Xu
# Courier version 0 : %f
# Courier version 1 : %u
# Courier version 2 : %v-%u
# Cyrus (<= 2.1.3) : %u
# Cyrus (>= 2.1.4) : %v.%u
# Older Dovecots : %v.%u
# tpop3d : %Mf
#
# Note that Outlook 2003 seems to have problems with %v.%u format which was
# Dovecot's default, so if you're building a new server it would be a good
# idea to change this. %08Xu%08Xv should be pretty fail-safe.
#
# NOTE: Nowadays this is required to be set explicitly, since the old
# default was bad but it couldn't be changed without breaking existing
# installations. %08Xu%08Xv will be the new default, so use it for new
# installations.
#
#pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv
# POP3 logout format string:
# %t - number of TOP commands
# %p - number of bytes sent to client as a result of TOP command
# %r - number of RETR commands
# %b - number of bytes sent to client as a result of RETR command
# %d - number of deleted messages
# %m - number of messages (before deletion)
# %s - mailbox size in bytes (before deletion)
#pop3_logout_format = top=%t/%p, retr=%r/%b, del=%d/%m, size=%s
# Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
# list of plugins to load.
#mail_plugins =
#mail_plugin_dir = /usr/lib/dovecot/pop3
# Workarounds for various client bugs:
# outlook-no-nuls:
# Outlook and Outlook Express hang if mails contain NUL characters.
# This setting replaces them with 0x80 character.
# oe-ns-eoh:
# Outlook Express and Netscape Mail breaks if end of headers-line is
# missing. This option simply sends it if it's missing.
# The list is space-separated.
#pop3_client_workarounds =
}
##
## LDA specific settings
##
protocol lda {
# Address to use when sending rejection mails.
postmaster_address = root@pragyan.org
# Hostname to use in various parts of sent mails, eg. in Message-Id.
# Default is the system's real hostname.
hostname = pragyan.org
# Support for dynamically loadable plugins. mail_plugins is a space separated
# list of plugins to load.
#mail_plugins =
#mail_plugin_dir = /usr/lib/dovecot/lda
# Binary to use for sending mails.
#sendmail_path = /usr/lib/sendmail
# UNIX socket path to master authentication server to find users.
#auth_socket_path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
}
##
## Authentication processes
##
# Executable location
#auth_executable = /usr/libexec/dovecot/dovecot-auth
# Set max. process size in megabytes.
#auth_process_size = 256
# Authentication cache size in kilobytes. 0 means it's disabled.
# Note that bsdauth, PAM and vpopmail require cache_key to be set for caching
# to be used.
#auth_cache_size = 0
# Time to live in seconds for cached data. After this many seconds the cached
# record is no longer used, *except* if the main database lookup returns
# internal failure. We also try to handle password changes automatically: If
# user's previous authentication was successful, but this one wasn't, the
# cache isn't used. For now this works only with plaintext authentication.
#auth_cache_ttl = 3600
# Space separated list of realms for SASL authentication mechanisms that need
# them. You can leave it empty if you don't want to support multiple realms.
# Many clients simply use the first one listed here, so keep the default realm
# first.
#auth_realms =
# Default realm/domain to use if none was specified. This is used for both
# SASL realms and appending @domain to username in plaintext logins.
#auth_default_realm =
# List of allowed characters in username. If the user-given username contains
# a character not listed in here, the login automatically fails. This is just
# an extra check to make sure user can't exploit any potential quote escaping
# vulnerabilities with SQL/LDAP databases. If you want to allow all characters,
# set this value to empty.
#auth_username_chars = abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ01234567890.-_@
# Username character translations before it's looked up from databases. The
# value contains series of from -> to characters. For example "#@/@" means
# that '#' and '/' characters are translated to '@'.
#auth_username_translation =
# Username formatting before it's looked up from databases. You can use
# the standard variables here, eg. %Lu would lowercase the username, %n would
# drop away the domain if it was given, or "%n-AT-%d" would change the '@' into
# "-AT-". This translation is done after auth_username_translation changes.
#auth_username_format =
# If you want to allow master users to log in by specifying the master
# username within the normal username string (ie. not using SASL mechanism's
# support for it), you can specify the separator character here. The format
# is then <username><separator><master username>. UW-IMAP uses "*" as the
# separator, so that could be a good choice.
#auth_master_user_separator =
# Username to use for users logging in with ANONYMOUS SASL mechanism
#auth_anonymous_username = anonymous
# More verbose logging. Useful for figuring out why authentication isn't
# working.
#auth_verbose = no
# Even more verbose logging for debugging purposes. Shows for example SQL
# queries.
#auth_debug = no
# In case of password mismatches, log the passwords and used scheme so the
# problem can be debugged. Requires auth_debug=yes to be set.
#auth_debug_passwords = no
# Maximum number of dovecot-auth worker processes. They're used to execute
# blocking passdb and userdb queries (eg. MySQL and PAM). They're
# automatically created and destroyed as needed.
#auth_worker_max_count = 30
# Host name to use in GSSAPI principal names. The default is to use the
# name returned by gethostname().
#auth_gssapi_hostname =
# Kerberos keytab to use for the GSSAPI mechanism. Will use the system
# default (usually /etc/krb5.keytab) if not specified.
#auth_krb5_keytab =
auth default {
# Space separated list of wanted authentication mechanisms:
# plain login digest-md5 cram-md5 ntlm rpa apop anonymous gssapi
# NOTE: See also disable_plaintext_auth setting.
mechanisms = plain
#
# Password database is used to verify user's password (and nothing more).
# You can have multiple passdbs and userdbs. This is useful if you want to
# allow both system users (/etc/passwd) and virtual users to login without
# duplicating the system users into virtual database.
#
# <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.txt>
#
# By adding master=yes setting inside a passdb you make the passdb a list
# of "master users", who can log in as anyone else. Unless you're using PAM,
# you probably still want the destination user to be looked up from passdb
# that it really exists. This can be done by adding pass=yes setting to the
# master passdb. <doc/wiki/Authentication.MasterUsers.txt>
# Users can be temporarily disabled by adding a passdb with deny=yes.
# If the user is found from that database, authentication will fail.
# The deny passdb should always be specified before others, so it gets
# checked first. Here's an example:
#passdb passwd-file {
# File contains a list of usernames, one per line
#args = /etc/dovecot.deny
#deny = yes
#}
# PAM authentication. Preferred nowadays by most systems.
# Note that PAM can only be used to verify if user's password is correct,
# so it can't be used as userdb. If you don't want to use a separate user
# database (passwd usually), you can use static userdb.
# REMEMBER: You'll need /etc/pam.d/dovecot file created for PAM
# authentication to actually work. <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.PAM.txt>
passdb pam {
# [blocking=yes] [session=yes] [setcred=yes]
# [cache_key=<key>] [<service name>]
#
# By default a new process is forked from dovecot-auth for each PAM lookup.
# Setting blocking=yes uses the alternative way: dovecot-auth worker
# processes do the PAM lookups.
#
# session=yes makes Dovecot open and immediately close PAM session. Some
# PAM plugins need this to work, such as pam_mkhomedir.
#
# setcred=yes makes Dovecot establish PAM credentials if some PAM plugins
# need that. They aren't ever deleted though, so this isn't enabled by
# default.
#
# cache_key can be used to enable authentication caching for PAM
# (auth_cache_size also needs to be set). It isn't enabled by default
# because PAM modules can do all kinds of checks besides checking password,
# such as checking IP address. Dovecot can't know about these checks
# without some help. cache_key is simply a list of variables (see
# doc/wiki/Variables.txt) which must match for the cached data to be used.
# Here are some examples:
# %u - Username must match. Probably sufficient for most uses.
# %u%r - Username and remote IP address must match.
# %u%s - Username and service (ie. IMAP, POP3) must match.
#
# If service name is "*", it means the authenticating service name
# is used, eg. pop3 or imap (/etc/pam.d/pop3, /etc/pam.d/imap).
#
# Some examples:
# args = session=yes *
# args = cache_key=%u dovecot
#args = dovecot
}
# System users (NSS, /etc/passwd, or similiar)
# In many systems nowadays this uses Name Service Switch, which is
# configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf. <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.Passwd.txt>
#passdb passwd {
# [blocking=yes] - See userdb passwd for explanation
#args =
#}
# Shadow passwords for system users (NSS, /etc/shadow or similiar).
# Deprecated by PAM nowadays.
# <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.Shadow.txt>
#passdb shadow {
# [blocking=yes] - See userdb passwd for explanation
#args =
#}
# PAM-like authentication for OpenBSD.
# <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.BSDAuth.txt>
#passdb bsdauth {
# [cache_key=<key>] - See cache_key in PAM for explanation.
#args =
#}
# passwd-like file with specified location
# <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.PasswdFile.txt>
#passdb passwd-file {
# Path for passwd-file
#args =
#}
# checkpassword executable authentication
# NOTE: You will probably want to use "userdb prefetch" with this.
# <doc/wiki/PasswordDatabase.CheckPassword.txt>
#passdb checkpassword {
# Path for checkpassword binary
#args =
#}
# SQL database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>
#passdb sql {
# Path for SQL configuration file, see doc/dovecot-sql-example.conf
#args =
#}
# LDAP database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.LDAP.txt>
passdb ldap {
# Path for LDAP configuration file, see doc/dovecot-ldap-example.conf
args = /etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
}
# vpopmail authentication <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.VPopMail.txt>
#passdb vpopmail {
# [cache_key=<key>] - See cache_key in PAM for explanation.
#args =
#}
#
# User database specifies where mails are located and what user/group IDs
# own them. For single-UID configuration use "static".
#
# <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.txt>
#
# System users (NSS, /etc/passwd, or similiar). In many systems nowadays this
# uses Name Service Switch, which is configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf.
# <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.Passwd.txt>
# userdb passwd {
# [blocking=yes] - By default the lookups are done in the main dovecot-auth
# process. This setting causes the lookups to be done in auth worker
# proceses. Useful with remote NSS lookups that may block.
# NOTE: Be sure to use this setting with nss_ldap or users might get
# logged in as each others!
#args =
# }
# passwd-like file with specified location
# <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.PasswdFile.txt>
#userdb passwd-file {
# Path for passwd-file
#args =
#}
# static settings generated from template <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Static.txt>
userdb static {
# Template for the fields. Can return anything a userdb could normally
# return. For example:
args = uid=700 gid=700 mbox=/var/spool/mail/PragyanMail/%u
# args = uid=500 gid=500 home=/var/mail/%u
#
# If you use deliver, it needs to look up users only from the userdb. This
# of course doesn't work with static because there is no list of users.
# Normally static userdb handles this by doing a passdb lookup. This works
# with most passdbs, with PAM being the most notable exception. If you do
# the user verification another way, you can add allow_all_users=yes to
# the args in which case the passdb lookup is skipped.
#
#args =
}
# SQL database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>
#userdb sql {
# Path for SQL configuration file, see doc/dovecot-sql-example.conf
#args =
#}
# LDAP database <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.LDAP.txt>
userdb ldap {
# Path for LDAP configuration file, see doc/dovecot-ldap-example.conf
args = /etc/dovecot-ldap.conf
}
# vpopmail <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.VPopMail.txt>
#userdb vpopmail {
#}
# "prefetch" user database means that the passdb already provided the
# needed information and there's no need to do a separate userdb lookup.
# This can be made to work with SQL and LDAP databases, see their example
# configuration files for more information how to do it.
# <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Prefetch.txt>
userdb prefetch {
}
# User to use for the process. This user needs access to only user and
# password databases, nothing else. Only shadow and pam authentication
# requires roots, so use something else if possible. Note that passwd
# authentication with BSDs internally accesses shadow files, which also
# requires roots. Note that this user is NOT used to access mails.
# That user is specified by userdb above.
user = root
# Directory where to chroot the process. Most authentication backends don't
# work if this is set, and there's no point chrooting if auth_user is root.
# Note that valid_chroot_dirs isn't needed to use this setting.
#chroot =
# Number of authentication processes to create
#count = 1
# Require a valid SSL client certificate or the authentication fails.
#ssl_require_client_cert = no
# Take the username from client's SSL certificate, using
# X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID() which returns the subject's DN's
# CommonName.
#ssl_username_from_cert = no
# It's possible to export the authentication interface to other programs:
#socket listen {
#master {
# Master socket provides access to userdb information. It's typically
# used to give Dovecot's local delivery agent access to userdb so it
# can find mailbox locations.
#path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
#mode = 0600
# Default user/group is the one who started dovecot-auth (root)
#user =
#group =
#}
#client {
# The client socket is generally safe to export to everyone. Typical use
# is to export it to your SMTP server so it can do SMTP AUTH lookups
# using it.
#path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-client
#mode = 0660
#}
#}
}
# If you wish to use another authentication server than dovecot-auth, you can
# use connect sockets. They are assumed to be already running, Dovecot's master
# process only tries to connect to them. They don't need any other settings
# than the path for the master socket, as the configuration is done elsewhere.
# Note that the client sockets must exist in the login_dir.
#auth external {
# socket connect {
# master {
# path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
# }
# }
#}
##
## Dictionary server settings
##
# Dictionary can be used by some plugins to store key=value lists.
# Currently this is only used by dict quota backend. The dictionary can be
# used either directly or though a dictionary server. The following dict block
# maps dictionary names to URIs when the server is used. These can then be
# referenced using URIs in format "proxy:<name>".
dict {
#quota = mysql:/etc/dovecot-dict-quota.conf
}
##
## Plugin settings
##
plugin {
# Here you can give some extra environment variables to mail processes.
# This is mostly meant for passing parameters to plugins. %variable
# expansion is done for all values.
# Quota plugin. Multiple backends are supported:
# dirsize: Find and sum all the files found from mail directory.
# Extremely SLOW with Maildir. It'll eat your CPU and disk I/O.
# dict: Keep quota stored in dictionary (eg. SQL)
# maildir: Maildir++ quota
# fs: Read-only support for filesystem quota
#quota = maildir
# ACL plugin. vfile backend reads ACLs from "dovecot-acl" file from maildir
# directory. You can also optionally give a global ACL directory path where
# ACLs are applied to all users' mailboxes. The global ACL directory contains
# one file for each mailbox, eg. INBOX or sub.mailbox.
#acl = vfile:/etc/dovecot-acls
# Convert plugin. If set, specifies the source storage path which is
# converted to destination storage (mail_location) when the user logs in.
# The existing mail directory is renamed to <dir>-converted.
#convert_mail = mbox:%h/mail
# Skip mailboxes which we can't open successfully instead of aborting.
#convert_skip_broken_mailboxes = no
# Trash plugin. When saving a message would make user go over quota, this
# plugin automatically deletes the oldest mails from configured mailboxes
# until the message can be saved within quota limits. The configuration file
# is a text file where each line is in format: <priority> <mailbox name>
# Mails are first deleted in lowest -> highest priority number order
#trash = /etc/dovecot-trash.conf
# Lazy expunge plugin. Currently works only with maildirs. When a user
# expunges mails, the mails are moved to a mailbox in another namespace
# (1st). When a mailbox is deleted, the mailbox is moved to another namespace
# (2nd) as well. Also if the deleted mailbox had any expunged messages,
# they're moved to a 3rd namespace. The mails won't be counted in quota,
# and they're not deleted automatically (use a cronjob or something).
#lazy_expunge = .EXPUNGED/ .DELETED/ .DELETED/.EXPUNGED/
}
#/etc/postfix/ldap-alias.cf
server_host = 10.0.0.126
search_base = ou=Groups,ou=Pragyan,dc=delta,dc=nitt.edu
query_filter = (&(objectClass=*)(listName=%u))
result_attribute = mail
special_result_attribute = contact
bind = yes
bind_dn = cn=dovecot,ou=Pragyan,dc=delta,dc=nitt.edu
bind_pw = ******
# /etc/postfix/main.cf
# Global Postfix configuration file. This file lists only a subset
# of all parameters. For the syntax, and for a complete parameter
# list, see the postconf(5) manual page (command: "man 5 postconf").
#
# For common configuration examples, see BASIC_CONFIGURATION_README
# and STANDARD_CONFIGURATION_README. To find these documents, use
# the command "postconf html_directory readme_directory", or go to
# http://www.postfix.org/.
#
# For best results, change no more than 2-3 parameters at a time,
# and test if Postfix still works after every change.
# SOFT BOUNCE
#
# The soft_bounce parameter provides a limited safety net for
# testing. When soft_bounce is enabled, mail will remain queued that
# would otherwise bounce. This parameter disables locally-generated
# bounces, and prevents the SMTP server from rejecting mail permanently
# (by changing 5xx replies into 4xx replies). However, soft_bounce
# is no cure for address rewriting mistakes or mail routing mistakes.
#
#soft_bounce = no
# LOCAL PATHNAME INFORMATION
#
# The queue_directory specifies the location of the Postfix queue.
# This is also the root directory of Postfix daemons that run chrooted.
# See the files in examples/chroot-setup for setting up Postfix chroot
# environments on different UNIX systems.
#
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
# The command_directory parameter specifies the location of all
# postXXX commands.
#
command_directory = /usr/sbin
# The daemon_directory parameter specifies the location of all Postfix
# daemon programs (i.e. programs listed in the master.cf file). This
# directory must be owned by root.
#
daemon_directory = /usr/libexec/postfix
# QUEUE AND PROCESS OWNERSHIP
#
# The mail_owner parameter specifies the owner of the Postfix queue
# and of most Postfix daemon processes. Specify the name of a user
# account THAT DOES NOT SHARE ITS USER OR GROUP ID WITH OTHER ACCOUNTS
# AND THAT OWNS NO OTHER FILES OR PROCESSES ON THE SYSTEM. In
# particular, don't specify nobody or daemon. PLEASE USE A DEDICATED
# USER.
#
mail_owner = postfix
# The default_privs parameter specifies the default rights used by
# the local delivery agent for delivery to external file or command.
# These rights are used in the absence of a recipient user context.
# DO NOT SPECIFY A PRIVILEGED USER OR THE POSTFIX OWNER.
#
default_privs = nobody
# INTERNET HOST AND DOMAIN NAMES
#
# The myhostname parameter specifies the internet hostname of this
# mail system. The default is to use the fully-qualified domain name
# from gethostname(). $myhostname is used as a default value for many
# other configuration parameters.
#
#myhostname = host.domain.tld
#myhostname = virtual.domain.tld
myhostname = pragyan.org
# The mydomain parameter specifies the local internet domain name.
# The default is to use $myhostname minus the first component.
# $mydomain is used as a default value for many other configuration
# parameters.
#
#mydomain = domain.tld
mydomain = org
# SENDING MAIL
#
# The myorigin parameter specifies the domain that locally-posted
# mail appears to come from. The default is to append $myhostname,
# which is fine for small sites. If you run a domain with multiple
# machines, you should (1) change this to $mydomain and (2) set up
# a domain-wide alias database that aliases each user to
# user@that.users.mailhost.
#
# For the sake of consistency between sender and recipient addresses,
# myorigin also specifies the default domain name that is appended
# to recipient addresses that have no @domain part.
#
myorigin = $myhostname
#myorigin = $mydomain
# RECEIVING MAIL
# The inet_interfaces parameter specifies the network interface
# addresses that this mail system receives mail on. By default,
# the software claims all active interfaces on the machine. The
# parameter also controls delivery of mail to user@[ip.address].
#
# See also the proxy_interfaces parameter, for network addresses that
# are forwarded to us via a proxy or network address translator.
#
# Note: you need to stop/start Postfix when this parameter changes.
#
inet_interfaces = all
#inet_interfaces = $myhostname
#inet_interfaces = $myhostname, localhost
#inet_interfaces = localhost
# The proxy_interfaces parameter specifies the network interface
# addresses that this mail system receives mail on by way of a
# proxy or network address translation unit. This setting extends
# the address list specified with the inet_interfaces parameter.
#
# You must specify your proxy/NAT addresses when your system is a
# backup MX host for other domains, otherwise mail delivery loops
# will happen when the primary MX host is down.
#
#proxy_interfaces =
#proxy_interfaces = 1.2.3.4
# The mydestination parameter specifies the list of domains that this
# machine considers itself the final destination for.
#
# These domains are routed to the delivery agent specified with the
# local_transport parameter setting. By default, that is the UNIX
# compatible delivery agent that lookups all recipients in /etc/passwd
# and /etc/aliases or their equivalent.
#
# The default is $myhostname + localhost.$mydomain. On a mail domain
# gateway, you should also include $mydomain.
#
# Do not specify the names of virtual domains - those domains are
# specified elsewhere (see VIRTUAL_README).
#
# Do not specify the names of domains that this machine is backup MX
# host for. Specify those names via the relay_domains settings for
# the SMTP server, or use permit_mx_backup if you are lazy (see
# STANDARD_CONFIGURATION_README).
#
# The local machine is always the final destination for mail addressed
# to user@[the.net.work.address] of an interface that the mail system
# receives mail on (see the inet_interfaces parameter).
#
# Specify a list of host or domain names, /file/name or type:table
# patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. A /file/name
# pattern is replaced by its contents; a type:table is matched when
# a name matches a lookup key (the right-hand side is ignored).
# Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.
#
# See also below, section "REJECTING MAIL FOR UNKNOWN LOCAL USERS".
#
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain,
# mail.$mydomain, www.$mydomain, ftp.$mydomain
# REJECTING MAIL FOR UNKNOWN LOCAL USERS
#
# The local_recipient_maps parameter specifies optional lookup tables
# with all names or addresses of users that are local with respect
# to $mydestination, $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces.
#
# If this parameter is defined, then the SMTP server will reject
# mail for unknown local users. This parameter is defined by default.
#
# To turn off local recipient checking in the SMTP server, specify
# local_recipient_maps = (i.e. empty).
#local_recipient_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
#
# The default setting assumes that you use the default Postfix local
# delivery agent for local delivery. You need to update the
# local_recipient_maps setting if:
#
# - You define $mydestination domain recipients in files other than
# /etc/passwd, /etc/aliases, or the $virtual_alias_maps files.
# For example, you define $mydestination domain recipients in
# the $virtual_mailbox_maps files.
#
# - You redefine the local delivery agent in master.cf.
#
# - You redefine the "local_transport" setting in main.cf.
#
# - You use the "luser_relay", "mailbox_transport", or "fallback_transport"
# feature of the Postfix local delivery agent (see local(8)).
#
# Details are described in the LOCAL_RECIPIENT_README file.
#
# Beware: if the Postfix SMTP server runs chrooted, you probably have
# to access the passwd file via the proxymap service, in order to
# overcome chroot restrictions. The alternative, having a copy of
# the system passwd file in the chroot jail is just not practical.
#
# The right-hand side of the lookup tables is conveniently ignored.
# In the left-hand side, specify a bare username, an @domain.tld
# wild-card, or specify a user@domain.tld address.
#
#local_recipient_maps = unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps
# local_recipient_maps = proxy:unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps
#local_recipient_maps =
# The unknown_local_recipient_reject_code specifies the SMTP server
# response code when a recipient domain matches $mydestination or
# ${proxy,inet}_interfaces, while $local_recipient_maps is non-empty
# and the recipient address or address local-part is not found.
#
# The default setting is 550 (reject mail) but it is safer to start
# with 450 (try again later) until you are certain that your
# local_recipient_maps settings are OK.
#
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
# TRUST AND RELAY CONTROL
# The mynetwork parameter specifies the list of "trusted" SMTP
# clients that have more privileges than "strangers".
#
# In particular, "trusted" SMTP clients are allowed to relay mail
# through Postfix. See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions parameter
# in postconf(5).
#
# You can specify the list of "trusted" network addresses by hand
# or you can let Postfix do it for you (which is the default).
#
# By default (mynetworks_style = subnet), Postfix "trusts" SMTP
# clients in the same IP subnetworks as the local machine.
# On Linux, this does works correctly only with interfaces specified
# with the "ifconfig" command.
#
# Specify "mynetworks_style = class" when Postfix should "trust" SMTP
# clients in the same IP class A/B/C networks as the local machine.
# Don't do this with a dialup site - it would cause Postfix to "trust"
# your entire provider's network. Instead, specify an explicit
# mynetworks list by hand, as described below.
#
# Specify "mynetworks_style = host" when Postfix should "trust"
# only the local machine.
#
#mynetworks_style = class
#mynetworks_style = subnet
mynetworks_style = host
# Alternatively, you can specify the mynetworks list by hand, in
# which case Postfix ignores the mynetworks_style setting.
#
# Specify an explicit list of network/netmask patterns, where the
# mask specifies the number of bits in the network part of a host
# address.
#
# You can also specify the absolute pathname of a pattern file instead
# of listing the patterns here. Specify type:table for table-based lookups
# (the value on the table right-hand side is not used).
#
#mynetworks = 10.1.39.0/24, 127.0.0.0/8, 10.0.0.126/32, 10.0.0.125/32
mynetworks = 10.0.0.125/32
#mynetworks = $config_directory/mynetworks
#mynetworks = hash:/etc/postfix/network_table
# The relay_domains parameter restricts what destinations this system will
# relay mail to. See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions description in
# postconf(5) for detailed information.
#
# By default, Postfix relays mail
# - from "trusted" clients (IP address matches $mynetworks) to any destination,
# - from "untrusted" clients to destinations that match $relay_domains or
# subdomains thereof, except addresses with sender-specified routing.
# The default relay_domains value is $mydestination.
#
# In addition to the above, the Postfix SMTP server by default accepts mail
# that Postfix is final destination for:
# - destinations that match $inet_interfaces or $proxy_interfaces,
# - destinations that match $mydestination
# - destinations that match $virtual_alias_domains,
# - destinations that match $virtual_mailbox_domains.
# These destinations do not need to be listed in $relay_domains.
#
# Specify a list of hosts or domains, /file/name patterns or type:name
# lookup tables, separated by commas and/or whitespace. Continue
# long lines by starting the next line with whitespace. A file name
# is replaced by its contents; a type:name table is matched when a
# (parent) domain appears as lookup key.
#
# NOTE: Postfix will not automatically forward mail for domains that
# list this system as their primary or backup MX host. See the
# permit_mx_backup restriction description in postconf(5).
#
#relay_domains = $mydestination
#relay_domains = gmail.com
# INTERNET OR INTRANET
# The relayhost parameter specifies the default host to send mail to
# when no entry is matched in the optional transport(5) table. When
# no relayhost is given, mail is routed directly to the destination.
#
# On an intranet, specify the organizational domain name. If your
# internal DNS uses no MX records, specify the name of the intranet
# gateway host instead.
#
# In the case of SMTP, specify a domain, host, host:port, [host]:port,
# [address] or [address]:port; the form [host] turns off MX lookups.
#
# If you're connected via UUCP, see also the default_transport parameter.
#
#relayhost = $mydomain
#relayhost = [gateway.my.domain]
#relayhost = [mailserver.isp.tld]
#relayhost = uucphost
#relayhost = [an.ip.add.ress]
# REJECTING UNKNOWN RELAY USERS
#
# The relay_recipient_maps parameter specifies optional lookup tables
# with all addresses in the domains that match $relay_domains.
#
# If this parameter is defined, then the SMTP server will reject
# mail for unknown relay users. This feature is off by default.
#
# The right-hand side of the lookup tables is conveniently ignored.
# In the left-hand side, specify an @domain.tld wild-card, or specify
# a user@domain.tld address.
#
#relay_recipient_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/relay_recipients
# INPUT RATE CONTROL
#
# The in_flow_delay configuration parameter implements mail input
# flow control. This feature is turned on by default, although it
# still needs further development (it's disabled on SCO UNIX due
# to an SCO bug).
#
# A Postfix process will pause for $in_flow_delay seconds before
# accepting a new message, when the message arrival rate exceeds the
# message delivery rate. With the default 100 SMTP server process
# limit, this limits the mail inflow to 100 messages a second more
# than the number of messages delivered per second.
#
# Specify 0 to disable the feature. Valid delays are 0..10.
#
#in_flow_delay = 1s
# ADDRESS REWRITING
#
# The ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document gives information about
# address masquerading or other forms of address rewriting including
# username->Firstname.Lastname mapping.
# ADDRESS REDIRECTION (VIRTUAL DOMAIN)
#
# The VIRTUAL_README document gives information about the many forms
# of domain hosting that Postfix supports.
# "USER HAS MOVED" BOUNCE MESSAGES
#
# See the discussion in the ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document.
# TRANSPORT MAP
#
# See the discussion in the ADDRESS_REWRITING_README document.
# ALIAS DATABASE
#
# The alias_maps parameter specifies the list of alias databases used
# by the local delivery agent. The default list is system dependent.
#
# On systems with NIS, the default is to search the local alias
# database, then the NIS alias database. See aliases(5) for syntax
# details.
#
# If you change the alias database, run "postalias /etc/aliases" (or
# wherever your system stores the mail alias file), or simply run
# "newaliases" to build the necessary DBM or DB file.
#
# It will take a minute or so before changes become visible. Use
# "postfix reload" to eliminate the delay.
#
#alias_maps = dbm:/etc/aliases
#alias_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
#alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
#virtual_mailbox_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
#virtual_alias_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
#ldap:/etc/postfix/accountsmap.cf, ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
#virtual_mailbox_domains = pragyan.org
#virtual_mailbox_domains = pragyan.org pragyan
#virtual_mailbox_base = /var/spool/mail/virtual
#virtual_mailbox_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
#virtual_mailbox_maps = /var/spool/mail/virtual/%d/%n/PragyanMail/
#############Important Configuratin Parameters################
local_transport = virtual
local_recipient_maps = $virtual_mailbox_maps
virtual_alias_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/ldap-aliases.cf
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/spool/mail/virtual
virtual_mailbox_maps = ldap:/etc/postfix/accountsmap.cf
virtual_minimum_uid = 100
virtual_uid_maps = static:700
virtual_gid_maps = static:700
###############################################################
#alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, nis:mail.aliases
#alias_maps = netinfo:/aliases
# The alias_database parameter specifies the alias database(s) that
# are built with "newaliases" or "sendmail -bi". This is a separate
# configuration parameter, because alias_maps (see above) may specify
# tables that are not necessarily all under control by Postfix.
#
#alias_database = dbm:/etc/aliases
#alias_database = dbm:/etc/mail/aliases
#alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
#alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/opt/majordomo/aliases
# ADDRESS EXTENSIONS (e.g., user+foo)
#
# The recipient_delimiter parameter specifies the separator between
# user names and address extensions (user+foo). See canonical(5),
# local(8), relocated(5) and virtual(5) for the effects this has on
# aliases, canonical, virtual, relocated and .forward file lookups.
# Basically, the software tries user+foo and .forward+foo before
# trying user and .forward.
#
#recipient_delimiter = +
# DELIVERY TO MAILBOX
#
# The home_mailbox parameter specifies the optional pathname of a
# mailbox file relative to a user's home directory. The default
# mailbox file is /var/spool/mail/user or /var/mail/user. Specify
# "Maildir/" for qmail-style delivery (the / is required).
#
#home_mailbox = Mailbox
#home_mailbox = Maildir/
# The mail_spool_directory parameter specifies the directory where
# UNIX-style mailboxes are kept. The default setting depends on the
# system type.
#
#mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
mail_spool_directory = /var/spool/mail/
# The mailbox_command parameter specifies the optional external
# command to use instead of mailbox delivery. The command is run as
# the recipient with proper HOME, SHELL and LOGNAME environment settings.
# Exception: delivery for root is done as $default_user.
#
# Other environment variables of interest: USER (recipient username),
# EXTENSION (address extension), DOMAIN (domain part of address),
# and LOCAL (the address localpart).
#
# Unlike other Postfix configuration parameters, the mailbox_command
# parameter is not subjected to $parameter substitutions. This is to
# make it easier to specify shell syntax (see example below).
#
# Avoid shell meta characters because they will force Postfix to run
# an expensive shell process. Procmail alone is expensive enough.
#
# IF YOU USE THIS TO DELIVER MAIL SYSTEM-WIDE, YOU MUST SET UP AN
# ALIAS THAT FORWARDS MAIL FOR ROOT TO A REAL USER.
#
mailbox_command = /usr/bin/procmail
#mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail -a "$EXTENSION"
# The mailbox_transport specifies the optional transport in master.cf
# to use after processing aliases and .forward files. This parameter
# has precedence over the mailbox_command, fallback_transport and
# luser_relay parameters.
#
# Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is
# the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf. The
# :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the sample transport
# configuration file.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must update the "local_recipient_maps" setting in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#mailbox_transport = lmtp:unix:/var/lib/imap/socket/lmtp
# If using the cyrus-imapd IMAP server deliver local mail to the IMAP
# server using LMTP (Local Mail Transport Protocol), this is prefered
# over the older cyrus deliver program by setting the
# mailbox_transport as below:
#
# mailbox_transport = lmtp:unix:/var/lib/imap/socket/lmtp
#
# The efficiency of LMTP delivery for cyrus-imapd can be enhanced via
# these settings.
#
# local_destination_recipient_limit = 300
# local_destination_concurrency_limit = 5
#
# Of course you should adjust these settings as appropriate for the
# capacity of the hardware you are using. The recipient limit setting
# can be used to take advantage of the single instance message store
# capability of Cyrus. The concurrency limit can be used to control
# how many simultaneous LMTP sessions will be permitted to the Cyrus
# message store.
#
# To use the old cyrus deliver program you have to set:
#mailbox_transport = cyrus
# The fallback_transport specifies the optional transport in master.cf
# to use for recipients that are not found in the UNIX passwd database.
# This parameter has precedence over the luser_relay parameter.
#
# Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is
# the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf. The
# :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the sample transport
# configuration file.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must update the "local_recipient_maps" setting in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#fallback_transport = lmtp:unix:/var/lib/imap/socket/lmtp
#fallback_transport =
# The luser_relay parameter specifies an optional destination address
# for unknown recipients. By default, mail for unknown@$mydestination,
# unknown@[$inet_interfaces] or unknown@[$proxy_interfaces] is returned
# as undeliverable.
#
# The following expansions are done on luser_relay: $user (recipient
# username), $shell (recipient shell), $home (recipient home directory),
# $recipient (full recipient address), $extension (recipient address
# extension), $domain (recipient domain), $local (entire recipient
# localpart), $recipient_delimiter. Specify ${name?value} or
# ${name:value} to expand value only when $name does (does not) exist.
#
# luser_relay works only for the default Postfix local delivery agent.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must specify "local_recipient_maps =" (i.e. empty) in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#luser_relay = $user@other.host
#luser_relay = $local@other.host
#luser_relay = admin+$local
# JUNK MAIL CONTROLS
#
# The controls listed here are only a very small subset. The file
# SMTPD_ACCESS_README provides an overview.
# The header_checks parameter specifies an optional table with patterns
# that each logical message header is matched against, including
# headers that span multiple physical lines.
#
# By default, these patterns also apply to MIME headers and to the
# headers of attached messages. With older Postfix versions, MIME and
# attached message headers were treated as body text.
#
# For details, see "man header_checks".
#
#header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
# FAST ETRN SERVICE
#
# Postfix maintains per-destination logfiles with information about
# deferred mail, so that mail can be flushed quickly with the SMTP
# "ETRN domain.tld" command, or by executing "sendmail -qRdomain.tld".
# See the ETRN_README document for a detailed description.
#
# The fast_flush_domains parameter controls what destinations are
# eligible for this service. By default, they are all domains that
# this server is willing to relay mail to.
#
#fast_flush_domains = $relay_domains
# SHOW SOFTWARE VERSION OR NOT
#
# The smtpd_banner parameter specifies the text that follows the 220
# code in the SMTP server's greeting banner. Some people like to see
# the mail version advertised. By default, Postfix shows no version.
#
# You MUST specify $myhostname at the start of the text. That is an
# RFC requirement. Postfix itself does not care.
#
#smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name
#smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name ($mail_version)
# PARALLEL DELIVERY TO THE SAME DESTINATION
#
# How many parallel deliveries to the same user or domain? With local
# delivery, it does not make sense to do massively parallel delivery
# to the same user, because mailbox updates must happen sequentially,
# and expensive pipelines in .forward files can cause disasters when
# too many are run at the same time. With SMTP deliveries, 10
# simultaneous connections to the same domain could be sufficient to
# raise eyebrows.
#
# Each message delivery transport has its XXX_destination_concurrency_limit
# parameter. The default is $default_destination_concurrency_limit for
# most delivery transports. For the local delivery agent the default is 2.
#local_destination_concurrency_limit = 2
#default_destination_concurrency_limit = 20
# DEBUGGING CONTROL
#
# The debug_peer_level parameter specifies the increment in verbose
# logging level when an SMTP client or server host name or address
# matches a pattern in the debug_peer_list parameter.
#
debug_peer_level = 2
# The debug_peer_list parameter specifies an optional list of domain
# or network patterns, /file/name patterns or type:name tables. When
# an SMTP client or server host name or address matches a pattern,
# increase the verbose logging level by the amount specified in the
# debug_peer_level parameter.
#
#debug_peer_list = 127.0.0.1
#debug_peer_list = some.domain
# The debugger_command specifies the external command that is executed
# when a Postfix daemon program is run with the -D option.
#
# Use "command .. & sleep 5" so that the debugger can attach before
# the process marches on. If you use an X-based debugger, be sure to
# set up your XAUTHORITY environment variable before starting Postfix.
#
debugger_command =
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin
xxgdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5
# If you can't use X, use this to capture the call stack when a
# daemon crashes. The result is in a file in the configuration
# directory, and is named after the process name and the process ID.
#
# debugger_command =
# PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin; export PATH; (echo cont;
# echo where) | gdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id 2>&1
# >$config_directory/$process_name.$process_id.log & sleep 5
#
# Another possibility is to run gdb under a detached screen session.
# To attach to the screen sesssion, su root and run "screen -r
# <id_string>" where <id_string> uniquely matches one of the detached
# sessions (from "screen -list").
#
# debugger_command =
# PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin; export PATH; screen
# -dmS $process_name gdb $daemon_directory/$process_name
# $process_id & sleep 1
# INSTALL-TIME CONFIGURATION INFORMATION
#
# The following parameters are used when installing a new Postfix version.
#
# sendmail_path: The full pathname of the Postfix sendmail command.
# This is the Sendmail-compatible mail posting interface.
#
sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
# newaliases_path: The full pathname of the Postfix newaliases command.
# This is the Sendmail-compatible command to build alias databases.
#
newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases.postfix
# mailq_path: The full pathname of the Postfix mailq command. This
# is the Sendmail-compatible mail queue listing command.
#
mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq.postfix
# setgid_group: The group for mail submission and queue management
# commands. This must be a group name with a numerical group ID that
# is not shared with other accounts, not even with the Postfix account.
#
setgid_group = postdrop
# html_directory: The location of the Postfix HTML documentation.
#
html_directory = no
# manpage_directory: The location of the Postfix on-line manual pages.
#
manpage_directory = /usr/share/man
# sample_directory: The location of the Postfix sample configuration files.
# This parameter is obsolete as of Postfix 2.1.
#
sample_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix-2.4.3/samples
# readme_directory: The location of the Postfix README files.
#
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix-2.4.3/README_FILES
#### Increasing the mailbox size --Anshu ####
mailbox_size_limit = 300000000
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