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Laravel 5.x on Ubuntu 16.x, PHP 7.x, Nginx 1.9.x

#Steps to install latest Laravel, LEMP on AWS Ubuntu 16.4 version. This tutorial is the improvised verision of this tutorial on Digitalocean based on my experience.

Install PHP 7 on Ubuntu

Run the following commands in sequence.

sudo apt-get install -y language-pack-en-base
sudo LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8 add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install zip unzip
sudo apt-get install -y php7.0 php7.0-fpm php7.0-mysql php7.0-zip php7.0-gd
sudo apt-get install nginx git

Important packages for Laravel

sudo apt-get install mcrypt php7.0-mcrypt
sudo apt-get install -y php7.0-mbstring php7.0-xml --force-yes

Some Optional ones

sudo apt-get install php7.0-curl php7.0-json

NOTE: You can use the following command to list available PHP 7.0 packages:

sudo apt-cache search php7-*

Modify the PHP Configuration

Run the following command to go to php.ini

sudo nano /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini

And uncomment and fix cgi.fix_pathinfo to

cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

Restart PHP 7.0 FPM

sudo service php7.0-fpm restart

Configure Nginx for Laravel

I am going to setup using a blank latest version of Laravel. This would installed in /var/www/laravel folder.

Run the following in terminal:

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/laravel

Next, we are going to modify the nginx's default configuration file: /etc/nginx/sites-available/default. But before that, just make a backup of the file:

sudo mkdir ~/Backups
sudo cp /etc/nginx/sites-available/default ~/Backups/default

Use the following command to edit the file

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Next modify default from this:

server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;

        root /usr/share/nginx/html;
        index index.html index.htm;

        server_name localhost;

        location / {
                try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        }
}

to this:

server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;

        root /var/www/laravel/public;
        index index.php index.html index.htm;

        # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
        server_name <Your Domain name / Public IP Address>;

        location / {
                # First attempt to serve request as file, then
                # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
                # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
                # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules
        }
        location ~ \.php$ {
                try_files $uri =404;
                fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
                fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                include fastcgi_params;
        }
}

Notice the difference:

  • try_files $uri $uri/ =404; has been changed to try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
  • and location ~ \.php$ { ... } block has been added.

Restart nginx.

sudo service nginx restart

If all was configured well, you'd see no error.

SWAP file (Optional)

Swap files would help in cases where your server might run out of memory.

sudo fallocate -l 1G /swapfile
sudo mkswap /swapfile
sudo swapon /swapfile

Install Composer and Laravel

Use the following commands to install composer and make it available across all folders.

cd ~
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Test by composer command to see if it was installed correctly.

Install laravel by using the following command.

sudo composer create-project laravel/laravel /var/www/laravel

In case it throws out errors due to missing packages, find the package name using

sudo apt-cache search php7-*

and then remove and create the folder before running the composer create-project again.

sudo rm -rf /var/www/laravel
sudo mkdir /var/www/laravel

Setting the permissions right for the Laravel folders.

sudo chown -R :www-data /var/www/laravel
sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/laravel/storage

Finish

Check your site by http://server_domain_or_IP and it should show you "Laravel" homepage.

Other commands of use.

Installed a package that you don't need? Use the following commands to remove the package.

sudo apt-get purge <package name> 
sudo apt-get autoremove --purge

Use following command to remove a folder and it's contents

sudo rm -rfv <folder_name>

Test PHP version

php -v

How to Setup additional hosts?

This is covered in this gist. Both gists were written in continuation.

@notflip
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notflip commented May 4, 2017

Can we just swap php70 for 71 in this guide? Thanks! Should it be updated to 7.1?

@RyanRosario
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RyanRosario commented May 9, 2017

When I try to install Laravel using sudo, I get an error:

Do not run Composer as root/super user! See https://getcomposer.org/root for details

If I remove the sudo I get another error:

ubuntu@ip-10-0-0-118:~$ composer create-project laravel/laravel /var/www/laravel
Cannot create cache directory /home/ubuntu/.composer/cache/repo/https---packagist.org/, or directory is not writable. Proceeding without cache
Installing laravel/laravel (v5.4.21)
Cannot create cache directory /home/ubuntu/.composer/cache/files/, or directory is not writable. Proceeding without cache


  [InvalidArgumentException]
  Project directory /var/www/laravel/ is not empty.

Has something changed?

EDIT: I chmodded /var/www/laravel/ to 777, ran the command, and then changed the permissions using the commands in this guide and it worked. I am not sure what the cache error is about though.

@HosMercury
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HosMercury commented May 10, 2017

The only working thing for that difficult thing .. thank you man , you are awesome

@santoshachari
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santoshachari commented May 11, 2017

@RyanRosario, Run composer on sudo. I wouldn't bother.

@HosMercury
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HosMercury commented May 13, 2017

I have a problem some assets give me 404
the url linking to them is good .

Permissions also ok .

I don't know where is the problem ?

@melv1n
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melv1n commented Jun 9, 2017

sudo apt-get install -y php7.0-mbstring php7.0-xml --force-yes

I get the message that the command is deprecated. Probably needs to be updated with correct force/allow suffix.

@santoshachari
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santoshachari commented Jun 19, 2017

@lifesound Is your issue fixed?

@melv1n is your solution working?

@vichetuc
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vichetuc commented Jun 23, 2017

I follow all step, but it doesn't work

@miladr0
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miladr0 commented Sep 1, 2017

if you want install phpmyadmin along with laravel, add the following lines in the server section:

location /phpmyadmin {
root /usr/share/;
index index.php;
try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

location ~ ^/phpmyadmin/(doc|sql|setup)/ {
deny all;
}

location ~ /phpmyadmin/(.+.php)$ {
try_files $uri =404;
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}
}

@muthurajans2020
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muthurajans2020 commented Sep 23, 2017

Thank you so much. This Blog helps me to complete one of my official task. Thanks a lot Mr.santoshachari

@emoran
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emoran commented Oct 3, 2017

Good stuff! all working great at first!

@Younesi
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Younesi commented Oct 7, 2017

What about installing mysql ?

@doncadavona
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doncadavona commented Nov 7, 2017

Awesome!

@vrajroham
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vrajroham commented Nov 22, 2017

@santoshachari Thanks for your easy and understandable steps. I was able to setup my server running in less than 15 mins. One more things same steps works for php7.1 too. I used php7.1 with all this steps.
Thanks

@tomaytotomato
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tomaytotomato commented Jan 8, 2018

Also don't forget

sudo apt-get install php7.0-dev

@oscarnevarezleal
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oscarnevarezleal commented May 28, 2018

I couldn´t install php7.1 without the following

sudo apt-get install -y python-software-properties
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt-get update -y

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