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Created Apr 6, 2019
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package main
import (
// Item representation
type Item struct {
Title string `json:"title"`
Description string `json:"description"`
// Global, static list of items
var itemList = []Item{
Item{Title: "Item A", Description: "The first item"},
Item{Title: "Item B", Description: "The second item"},
// Controller for the / route (home)
func homePage(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
fmt.Fprintf(w, "This is the home page. Welcome!")
// Controller for the /items route
func returnAllItems(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
respondWithJson(w, http.StatusOK, itemList)
// Controller for the /items/{id} route
func returnSingleItem(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// Get query parameters using Mux
vars := mux.Vars(r)
// Convert {id} parameter from string to int
key, err := strconv.Atoi(vars["id"])
// If {id} parameter is not valid int
if err != nil {
respondWithError(w, http.StatusBadRequest, "Invalid request payload")
// If Item with ID of {id} does not exist
if key >= len(itemList) {
respondWithError(w, http.StatusNotFound, "Item does not exist")
respondWithJson(w, http.StatusOK, itemList[key])
func respondWithError(w http.ResponseWriter, code int, msg string) {
respondWithJson(w, code, map[string]string{"error": msg})
func respondWithJson(w http.ResponseWriter, code int, payload interface{}) {
response, _ := json.Marshal(payload)
w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")
func handleRequests() {
myRouter := mux.NewRouter().StrictSlash(true)
myRouter.HandleFunc("/", homePage)
myRouter.HandleFunc("/items", returnAllItems)
myRouter.HandleFunc("/items/{id}", returnSingleItem)
log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8000", myRouter))
func main() {
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