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1 1753-06-08 At Colledge. A Clowdy ; Dull morning and so continued till about 5 a Clock when it began to rain ; moderately But continued not long But remained Clowdy all night in which night I watched with Powers.
2 1753-06-09 At Colledge the weather still remaining Clowdy all Day till 6 o'Clock when the Clowds were Dissipated and the sun brake forth in all his glory.
3 1753-06-10 At Colledge a clear morning. Heard Mr. Appleton expound those words in I.Cor.12 Chapt. 7 first verses and in the afternoon heard him preach from those words in 26 of Mathew 41 verse watch and pray that ye enter not into temptation.
4 1753-06-11 At Colledge a fair morning and pretty warm. About 2 o'Clock there appeared some symptoms of an approaching shower attended with some thunder and lightning.
5 1753-06-12 At Colledge a Clowdy morning heard Dr. Wigglesworth Preach from the 20 Chapter of exodus 8 9 and 10th. Verses.
6 1753-06-13 At Colledge a Cloudy morning about 10 o'Clock the Sun shone out very warm but about 12 the heat was in part allayed By the rising of the wind.
7 1753-06-14 At Colledge a Clear warm morning But about 2 o'Clock came up a very hard shower acompanied with some thunder and lightning.
8 1753-06-15 At Colledge a Clear warm morning and so Continued.
9 1753-06-16 At Colledge a fair morning but not very warm.
10 1753-06-17 At Colledge sunshiny -- morning heard Mr. Appleton expound those words in I. Cor. 12 Chap. from 7 to the end of 11 verse in the afternoon heard him preach from the first Psalm and first verse.
11 1753-06-18 At Colledge a warm morning at 11 'Clock read Theses on this question (viz) antliarum et siphonum phaenomina solvuntur ex gravitate aeris.
12 1753-06-19 At Colledge a very warm morning at 11 Disputed on this question (viz) systema Copernicanum est verum mundi systema.
13 1753-06-20 At Colledge a most Charming and Beautifull Scene is this morning displayed. All nature wears a Chearfull garb after so plentifull a Shower as we were favoured with the Last night receving an additionall lustre from the sweet influences of the Sun. -- This Day I (in the religious Phylosopher) read the following experiment (viz) that the filings of iron mix'd with sulphur and kneaded to a Dough By the addittion of Cold water will in a few hours Become warm and at last Be set on fire. Which is undoubtedly true and if so I think that it affords a very probable method of solving the phnomina of subterraneous fires. For it is highly probable that there are abundance of the particles of iron Sulphur and water which (By the flux of water perhaps in the subterraneous Caverns) may Be Brought together and then it appears By the precedent experiment that this effect (viz a fire) will Be produced. At 2 o'Clock heard Mr. Winthrop's lecture in the Hall in which he was employed in evincing the sphroidall form of the earth which he Did from the vibrations of pendula the precession of the a equinox and from actual mensuration of Degrees at the quinox and the poles. -- After which I extracted the following Hydrostatical Laws from the religious Phylosopher (viz) 1st: if a Body is to be Carried upwards in any liquor an equall Bulk of said liquor must gravitate or weigh more than such a Body. 3 2ndly. that in order to Cause a Body to sink in a liquor an equal Bulk of said liquor must weigh less than the Body. 3rdly. if you would have the Body neither to rise or fall But preserve it's place in any part of the liquor an equal quantity of the said liquor must weigh equally with the Body.
14 1753-06-21 At Colledge a warm morning and Something windy about Sunset Came up a very hard shower attended with some Thunder and very Sharp lightning.
15 1753-06-22 At Colledge a Charming pleasant morning read Dr. Niewentyts Demonstration Concerning the rays of light emitted from a Burning Candle in a second of time which he Computes to Be 418660 39 Particles.
16 1753-06-23 At Colledge a Clowdy morning and in the afternoon Came up a Clowd of thunder and lightning. Towards night fell a very hard shower.
17 1753-06-24 At Colledge a Cloudy morning heard Mr. Cotton of New-town vociferate from the 19. of Proverbs 2nd verse. In the afternoon from those words in the 37th. Psalm and 4th. verse Delight thyself in the Lord and he shall give thee thy Desires.
18 1753-06-25 At Colledge a very rainy morning at 11 o'Clock Disputed from the question assigned us last tuesday But on which we Did not then Dispute By reason of Mr. Mayhews Being employed in taking an account of the Books and other things Contained in the Library in order to the Printing a new Catalogue thereof.
19 1753-06-26 At Colledge a very rainy Day as it has remained since yesterday -- morning. By reason of my illness omitted Disputing from this question generalia stuum phaenomina solvuntur ab atractione solis et lun. 4
20 1753-06-27 At Colledge. A Clowdy morning. Afternoon together with Lock took a ride to Watertown -- Bridge and from thence round through Brookline Back to Colledge again.
21 1753-06-28 At Colledge a Clowdy -- Day.
22 1753-06-29 At Colledge a Clear morning. Heard the valedictory oration pronounced By Oliver. 2 o Clock set out for Boston Designing to go from thence home.
24 1754-02-01 In the winter of 1754 we had no snow at all save a smattering or two But perpetuall rains and warm weather thro 'ought the whole.
25 1754-03-02 Beg. [Beginning of March] Had a small flurry of snow.
26 1754-03-08 A Clowdy morning. I am now reading my lord Orrerys letters to his son Concerning Dr. Swift and his writings which for softness and delicacy of style accuracy and serenity of sentiment are absolutely inimitable. Reading also the last volume of Monsieur Rollin's Belles Lettres which are worth their weight in gold. -- for his excellent reflections on every remarkable event that occurs in history he informs his readers of the true source 5 of every action and instructs them in the method of forming themselves upon the models of virtue to be met with in History.
27 1754-03-17 Kept sabath at Cambridge. March about the middle.
28 1754-03-18 In the Evening we had several very sharp flashes of lightning attended with a Distant grumbling of thunder.
29 1754-03-19 This morning is beyond description Beautyfull the Skie bespangled with Clouds which shed a lustre on us by the refraction of the rays of light together with the healthy and enlivening air which was purifyed By the thunder afford most spirited materials for Contemplation. The gaiety of the weather is equally delightfull to the phylosopher Poet and the man of Pleasure. The Phylosopher finds his passions all Calm and serene and Pliable so that he finds no Difficulty in subjecting them to the subserviency of his reason he can now contemplate all the gaudy appearances of nature and like Pythagoras bring Phylosophy down from heaven and make her conversible to men. The Poet thinks this the Best time to Converse with his muse and Consequently gives himself up wholly to her directions. His whole soul is at her disposall and he no more retains the government of himself. While the man of pleasure find such delicacys arising from the objects of sence as are adapted to produce the highest sensations of delight in him. 6
30 1754-04-01 Then Mr. Winthrop began a Course of Experimental
32 1754-04-03 The second lecture wherein which was wholly taken up in explaining the Propertys of the Centers of gravity and motion which were applyed to the instruments Cheifly in use in Common life such as the lever pulley Ballance axis in peritrocheo &c. But the Ballance was chiefly principally insisted on. The reason of it was fully explained and the method of weighing viz the distances of the Bodys from the Center of motion must be precisely in a reciprocall proportion of their quantitys of matter or weights always alowing for the weight of the Beam on which they are suspended as well as friction and the falsity of the supposition that radii proceeding from the center of the earth are parrellel. Mr. Winthrop also demonstrated to us that all the advantages arising from [ ] any of the engines in use resulted from the different possion [position] of them with relation to force and velocity thence he shew 'd the famous problem of Archimedes viz to move any weight however great by any force however small. -- I had like to have forgot that he applied the doctrines of the center of gravity to the heavenly Bodys shewing us the affections of the sun and planets with respect to their Centers of gravity and instructed us in the manner of finding the Common Center of gravity of any 2 of 'em e.g. earth and moon viz By this proportion as the quantitys of matter in [ ] Both added together is to the quantity of matter in the one separtely so is the distance of their centers to the distance of the Center of the other from the Common Center sought. And to find the common Center of gravity of 3 4 or 5 or any given number of Bodys having found the common center of any 2 from that said Center draw a line to another of said Bodys and find the common Center of gravity of these two respecting the 12 common Center of gravity of the former 2 as a Body containing a quantity of matter equal to Both said Bodys.
33 1754-04-05 The theory of the Ballance scales steel -- yard c. and all and the 3 species of lever's continued to which (viz) the lever he referred allmost all the instruments in life and [ ] universally. To make a quilibrium the product of product of the quantity of matter in the weight multiplyed into its distance from the Center of motion must be equal to the quantity of matter in the power multiplyed into it's distance from said Center.
34 1754-04-06 The phnomina of The nature of the Pulley axis in peritrochaeo and inclined Plane explained which all depend on the laws before laid down (viz) that the quantity of matter in the weight bears the same proportion to the quantity of matter in the power as the distance of the power from the Center of motion to the distance of the weight from said Center.
35 1754-04-08 The Theory of simple machines and in particular of the inclined plane of the wedge and screw and other machines compounded of these simple ones finish'd.
36 1754-04-09 Sir Isaac Newtons three laws of nature proved and illustrated together with the application of them to the planets which are kept in their orbits by two forces acting upon them viz that of gravity and that which is call'd its their Centrifugal force whereby it they strives to recede from the Center of their orbits and fly off there from in tangents. 13
37 1754-04-10 The theory of Centrifugal forces continued and aplyed to the Cases of the planets and from this Centrifugal force Mr. Winthrop confuted the hypothesis of vortices from this also arises the spheroidal form of the earth.
38 1754-04-11 But to be plain I am beginning Life anew. I have new Friendships to make new Employments to follow new Concerns Prospects and Studies opening before me. [ ] And now I have mentioned Studies I find my self entering an unlimited Field. A Field in which Demosthenes Cicero and others of immortal Fame have exulted before me! A Field which incloses the whole Circle of Science and Literature the History Wisdom and Virtue of all ages. -- Shall I dare to expatiate here in full Career like the nobler Animals that range at large or shall I blindly basely creep like the mole or the weezell? -- Tell me.
39 1758-10-01 He nourishes a Wound in his Veins and is consumed with a blind hidden fire. -- Warner FessendenClark Cranch Quincy. All of them [cherished?] by their incessant Thinking the Wound in their Hearts and all consume with a hidden internal flame. 16
40 1758-10-05 I have read about 10 s in Justinian and Translated about 4 s into English. This is the whole of my Days Work. I have smoaked chatted trifled loitered away this whole day almost. By much the greatest Part of this day has been spent in unloading a Cart in cutting oven Wood in making and recruiting my own fire in eating nuts and apples in drinking 2 Tea cutting and smoaking Tobacco and in chatting with the Doctor's Wife at their House and at this. Chores Chatt Tobacco Tea Steal away Time. But I am resolved to translate Justinian and his Commentators Notes by day light and read Gilberts Tenures by Night till I am master of both and I will meddle with no other Book in this Chamber on a Week day. On a Sunday I will read the Inquiry into the Nature of the human Soul and for Amusement I will sometimes read Ovids Art of Love to Mrs. Savel. -- This shall be my Method. -- I have read Gilberts 1st Section of feuds this evening but am not a Master of it.
41 1758-10-06 Rose about sun rise. Unpitched a Load of Hay. Translated a Leaves more of Justinian and in the afternoon walked to Deacon Webbs then round by the Mill Pond home. Smoaked a Pipe with Webb at the Drs. and am now about reading over again Gilberts section of feudal Tenures.
42 1758-10-07 Read in Gilbert. Rode with Webb to Mr. Cranche's. Dined and drank Tea with him and then home. Saturday night.
43 1758-10-08 If nothing is Matter which has not this antiactive Principle then human Minds are not matter for they have no such Principle. We are conscious that we can begin and end motion of ourselves. 3 If he argues a Posteriori from Experiments he can pretend only to Probability. For Unless he was certain that he had made the Experiment and found the Property in every Particle of Matter that ever was created he could not be certain that there was no Particle in the World without this Property tho he had tried all but one and found that they had it. We have tried but a few Parcells of Matter. The Utmost we can say is that all we have tried are inactive. [ ] But for Argument sake I will deny that all the Parcels that we have tried have this Property. On the Contrary I will say that all have a motive Power downwards. Powder has an Active Power springing every Way &c. Thus Experiment is turned against the Doctrine. I cant yet see how he will prove all matter Anti inactive a Priori from Properties of matter before known essential with which he must shew this to be necessarily connected.
44 1758-10-09 Read in Gilberts Tenures. I must and will make that Book familiar to me.
45 1758-10-10 Read in Gilbert. I read him slowly but I gain Ideas and Knowledge as I go along which I dont always when I read.
46 1758-10-11 Rode to Boston. Conversed with Ned Quincy and Saml. Peter Chardon c. By the Way Peter Chardon is a promising Youth. He aspires and will reach to a considerable Height. He has a sense of the Dignity and Importance of his Profession that of the Law. He has a just Contempt of the idle incurious Pleasure hunting young fellows of the Town who pretend to study Law. He scorns the Character and he aims at a nobler. He talks of exulting in an unlimited field of natural civil and common Law talks of nerving sharpening the mind by the Study of Law and Mathematicks quotes Locks Conduct of the Understanding and transcribes Points of Law into a Common-Place Book on Locks Modell. This fellows Thoughts are not employed on Songs and Girls nor his Time on flutes fiddles Concerts and Card Tables. He will make something.
47 1758-10-12 Examined the Laws of this Province concerning Pads Cattle fences &c. and read in Gilbert. This small volume will take me a fortnight but I will be master of it.
48 1758-10-13 4. It cant be called an indirect Way of delivering his Creatures out of Pound [ ] to [ ] pay or tender the Poundkeeper his fees and demand and receive his Cattle of him when he has unlocked and opened the Pound Gate and turned the Creatures out? So that it will not admit a Quere whether Lambert is liable to an Action for receiving his Horses of the Pound keeper. Tis plain I think he is not.
49 1758-10-16 Read a few s in Gilbert. I proceed very slowly.
50 1758-10-17 I have not Spirits and Presence of mind to hunt up objects seek out scenes of Observation and to watch critically the Air Countenances Actions and Speeches of old men and young men of old Women and young Girls of Physicians and Priests of old Maids and Batchelors. I should chatter with a Girl and watch her Behaviour her answers to Questions the workings of Vanity and other Passions in her Breast. But objects before me dont suggest proper Questions to ask and proper Observations to make so dull and confused at present is my mind. -- Betsy Niles affects to trip lightly across the floor to act with a Sprightly Air and to be polite. But she is under Restraint and awe from her Unacquaintance with Company. Saw Lawyer Thachers Father at Mr. Niles's. He said old Coll. Thatcher of Barnstable was an excellent man. He was a very holy man. I used to love to hear him pray. He was a Counsellor and a Deacon. I have heard him say that of all his Titles that of a Deacon he tho't the most honourable. - [Query] is he a new Light? Old Age has commonly a sense of the Importance and Dignity of Religion. I dare say he is not well pleased with his son's professing the Law. He had rather have him a Deacon.
51 1758-10-19 What Passion is most active and prevalent in Dr. Savel's mind? The Desire of Money. He retails Sugar by the Pound [ ] by the bunch Pins Pen knifes to save these Articles in his family and 8 neat a few Shillings Profit. He [ ] makes poor People who are in his Debt [ ] pay him in Labour. He bargains with his Debtors in the 2 other Parishes for Wood which he sends to the Landing Place and to Dr. Marshes. Thus by practice of Physick by trading in trading and bargaining and scheming he picks up a Subsistance for his family and gathers very gradually Additions to his Stock. But this is low. The same Application and scheming in his Profession would raise and spread him a Character procure him profitable Business and make his fortune. But by this contemptible Dissipation of mind among Pins Needles Tea Snuff Boxes Vendues Loads of Wood day labour &c. he is negligent of the Theory of his Profession and will live and die unknown. -- These driveling souls oh! He aims not at fame only at a Living and a fortune!
52 1758-10-21 Rose with the sun. took the horse Brot up the Horse and took a Ride over Penns Hill as far as John Haywards in a cold keen blustering N. Wester. Returned and breakfasted. I feel brac'd as if the cold [ ] clear Air had given a Spring to the System. -- I am now sett down to the Laws relating to naval Trade and Commerce. Let me inquire of the next Master of a Ship that I see what is a Bill of Lading what the Pursers Book. What Invoices they keep. What Account they keep of Goods received on Board and of Goods delivered out at another Port &c.
53 1758-10-22 Some Voyages We have nothing to do but receive Goods on board keep them safely on the Voyage and deliver them safely to the Merchant to whom they are directed. But sometimes we make Trading Voyages. We carry a Cargo of Goods to sell for money or exchange for other Goods in the most profitable manner we can. 9 Here we keep a regular Account make the owners Debtors for Goods that we buy or receive and give them Credit for Goods that we deliver out. . [ ] [ This notation was added to the original manuscript by Charles Francis Adams who many of 's entries into other manuscript volumes. ]
54 1758-10-24 Rode to Boston. Arrived about 1/2 after 10. Went into the Court House and sett down by Mr. Paine att the Lawyers Table. I felt Shy under Awe and concern for Mr. Gridley Mr. Prat Mr. Otis Mr. Kent and Mr. Thatcher were all present and looked sour. I had no Acquaintance with any Body but Paine and Quincy and they took but little Notice. However I attended Court Steadily all Day and at night went to Consort with Samll. Quincy and Dr. Gardiner. There I saw the most Spacious and elegant Room the gayest Company of Gentlemen and the finest Row of Ladies that ever I saw. But the weather was so dull and I so disordered that I could not make one half the observations that I wanted to make.
55 1758-10-25 I asked his Advice about studying Greek. He answered it is a matter of meer Curiosity. -- After this long and familiar Conversation we went to Court. Attended all Day and in the Evening I went to ask Mr. Thatchers Concurrence with the Bar. Drank Tea and spent the whole Evening upon original sin Origin of Evil the Plan of the Universe and at last upon Law. He says He is sorry that he neglected to keep a common Place Book when he began to study Law and he is half a mind to begin now. Thatcher thinks this County is full. 11
56 1758-10-26 Let me remember to mark in my Memorandum Book the Names of the Cases and the Terms and Points of Law that occur in each Case to look these Terms and Points in the Books at Otis's Prats or any other office and to digest and write down the whole in the Evening at my Lodgings. This will be reaping some real Advantage by my Attendance on the Courts and without this the Observations that I may make will lie in total Confusion in my mind.
57 1758-10-27 All Spent in absolute Idleness or what is worse gallanting the Girls.
58 1758-10-31 Set down and recollected my self and read a little in Van Muyden a little in naval Trade and Commerce.
59 1758-11-01 Read a little in Van Muyden and a little in naval Trade and Commerce.
60 1758-11-02 Rode as far as Smelt Brook. Breakfasted made my fire and am now set down to Van Muyden in Earnest. His latin is easy his definitions are pretty clear and his Divisions of the subject are judicious.
61 1758-11-05 Sam has the utmost Reason to be grateful to Mr. Pratt. He will have an opportunity 100 times better than Mr. Prat had of rising [ ] into the Practice and Reputation of the Law. I want to see and hear Sam at the Bar. I want to know how he will succeed. I am concerned for him. The Govr. a likes Sam much better than Ned. [ ] He has seen or heard some of Neds freaks. This is a [ ] Partiality in favor of one Child and against another quite indecent in a father. Tis great Weakness to expose himself so before Strangers.
62 1758-11-06 Went to Town. attended upon Court. Went to Mr. Gridleys office but he had not returned to Town from Brookline. Went again. Not returned. Attended Court till after 12 and began to grow uneasy expecting that Quincy would be sworn and I have no Patron when Mr. Gridly made his Appearance and on sight of me whispered to Mr. Prat Dana Kent Thatcher &c. about me. Mr. Prat said no Body knew me. Yes says Gridley I have tried him he is a very sensible Fellow. -- At last He rose up and bowed to his right Hand and said Mr. Quincy when Quincy [ ] rose up then bowed to me Mr. Adams when I walked out. May it please your Honours I have 2 young Gentlemen Mr. Q. and Mr. Adams to present for the Oath of an Attorney. Of Mr. Q. it is sufficient for me to say he has lived 3 Years with Mr. Prat. Of Mr. Adams as he is unknown to your Honours It is necessary to say that he has lived between 2 and 3 Years with Mr. Putnam of Worcester has a good Character from him and all others who know him and that he was with me the other day several Hours and I take it he is qualified to study the Law by his scholarship and that he has made a very considerable a very great Proficiency in the Principles of the Law and therefore that the Clients Interest may be safely intrusted in his Hands. I therefore recommend him with the Consent of the Bar to your Honors for the Oath. Then Mr. Prat said 2 or 3 Words and the Clerk was ordered to swear us. After the Oath Mr. Gridley took me by the Hand and wished me much joy and recommended me to the Bar. I shook Hands with the Bar and received their Congratulations and invited them over to Stones to drink some Punch. Where the most of us resorted and had a very chearful [Chat?]. 14
63 1758-12-05 Let me search for the Clue which Led great Shakespeare into the Labyrinth of mental Nature! Let me examine how men think. Shakespeare had never seen in real Life Persons under the Influence of all those Scenes of Pleasure and distress which he has described in his Works but he imagined how a Person of such a Character would behave in such Circumstances by analogy from the Behaviour of others that were most like that Character in [ ] nearly similar Circumstances which he had seen. 16
64 1758-12-18 Heard Parson Wibirt exert his Casuistry to J. Spear. Warned him against selling his [drowned?] Sheep for merchantable Mutton. It was not so nutritive nor palatable as Mutton butchered [ ] and dressed and therefore was not worth the same Price and it would be an Imposition and a Cheat that his Conscience must disapprove to describe it and sell it as good Mutton. He could not without [ sentence unfinished. ] 17
65 1758-12-20 I am this forenoon resuming the Study of Van Muyden. I begin at the 99th .
66 1758-12-21 Yesterday and to day I have read loud Tullius 4. Orations against Cataline. [ ] The Sweetness and Grandeur of his sounds and the Harmony of his Numbers give Pleasure enough to reward the Reading if one understood none of his meaning. Besides I find it a noble Exercise. [ ] It exercises my Lungs raises my Spirits opens my Porrs quickens the Circulations and so contributes much to Health.
67 1758-12-26 Being the Evening after Christmas the Dr. and I spent the Evening with Mr. Cleverly and Major Miller. Mr. Cleverly was chearful alert sociable and complaisant. So much good sense and knowledge so much good Humour and Contentment and so much Poverty are not to be found in any other House I believe in this Province. I am amazed that a man of his Inginuity and sprightliness can be so shiftless. But what avails a noisy fame a plentiful fortune and great figure and Consideration in the World? Neither Prat nor Gridley Mayhew nor Eliot Stockbridge nor Hersey appear more easy and happy with all their wealth and Reputation than he with neither. Major Miller was sedate but the Conversation was not to his Taste. He began to tell what this and that fellow said what Coll. Oliver did at Dorchester and what he did at Deadham but he said very little on the whole. Both of them took unused freedoms with Coll. Quincy and his Brother. They are determined to esteem them both Knaves and fools.
68 1758-12-29 An opinion will spread among the People that I have not Cunning enough to cope with Lambert. I should endeavour at my first setting out to possess the People with an Opinion of my subtilty and Cunning. But this affair certainly looks like a strong Proof of the Contrary.
69 1758-12-30 Andrew Oliver is a very sagacious Trifler. He can decypher with surprizing Penetration and Patience any Thing wrote in signs whether English Latin or French. But to what Purpose? Tis like great skill and Dexterity in Gaming used only for Amuzement. With all his Expertness he never wins any Thing. But this is his Way to fame. One man would be a famous Orator another a famous Physician another a famous Phylosopher or a 4th a famous Dancer and he would be a famous Decypherer. But I am quite content with the 24 Letters without inventing all the possible Marks that might signify the same Things. Ned [Quincy] is learning to be such another Nugator Sagax an artificial arrangement of Dots and Squares. 20
70 1759-01-01 O. Pain [ ] aims at so many Things but especially at getting Cash that he will be distracted. He pursues Cash with all his Hart and soul. He writes well and tells a very droll story but he is very peevish fretful odd tempered. He thinks himself in high favour with the Ladies but he little thinks how he is blasted sometimes.
71 1759-01-02 Wibirt [ ] exposes very freely to me his Disposition the past and present state of his mind his susceptibility of Impressions from Beauty &c. [ ] his Being amourous and inclined to love his Want of Resolution to Court his Regard fondness for O. his Intimacy [ ] and dalliance with her &c. He has if I mistake not a good many [ ] half born Thoughts of courting O.
72 1759-02-01 I intend a journey to Worcester to morrow. How many observations shall I make on the People at West Town and Worcester and how [ ] many new Hints rules Ideas Hints Rules of Law and Eloquence shall I acquire before I return? Let my journal answer this Question after my Return. 29
73 1759-02-02 I have read several Letters this afternoon and Evening in the Turkish Spy.
74 1759-02-11 I spent one Evening this Week at Billy Belchers. I sat book in Hand on one side of the fire while Dr. Wendell Billy Belcher and Stephen Cleverly and another young Gentleman sat in silence round the Card Table all the Evening. Two Evenings I spent att Samll. Quincys in the same manner Dr. Gardiner Henry Q. Ned Q. and S.Q. all playing Cards the whole Evening. This is the wise and salutary amuzement that young Gentlemen take every Evening in this Town playing Cards drinking Punch and Wine Smoaking Tobacco swearing &c. while 100 of the best Books lie on the shelves Desks and Chairs in the same room. This is not Misspence of Time. This is a wise a profitable Improvement of Time. Cards and Back Gammon are fashionable Diversions. I'le be curst if any young fellow can study in this town. What Pleasure can a young Gentleman who is capable of thinking take in playing Cards? It gratifies none of the Senses nor Sight [ ] Hearing taste smell feeling. It can entertain the Mind only by hushng its Clamours. Cards Back Gammon are the great antidotes to Reflection to thinking that cruel Tyrant within Us. What Learning or Sense are we to expect from young Gentlemen in whom a fondness for Cards &c. outgrows and choaks the Desire of Knowledge? 33
75 1759-03-14 Common People are not incapable of discerning the Motives and Springs of Words and Actions.
76 1759-03-19 Shybeares Dedication is in a strain of ironical Humorous Satyr. He reasons as warmly and positively as if in earnest in his favour but his Reasoning is so manifestly weak and in some places ambiguous that every Reader knows his true Intention. This System of Religion is indeed new. Religious Institutions are mere means of increasing and preserving Piety and Virtue in the World and any Thing that will produce national public and private advantages on the Happiness and Morals of a Nation however repugnant to common sense as Transubstantiation e.g. is true. 37
77 1759-04-08 Mem. To look into the files in the Clerk's office for the Files of the Dispute concerning the Registry of Vessells belonging to Newbury viz. Mr. Prats state or Questions and Mr. Gridleys Answers. 42 This is . [ ] [ . ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
78 1759-04-26 An Advocate. The Patron of the Cause assisting the Litigant with his Advice the Person who pleads or represents the Cause of his Client. They should not be interrupted in their studies by [ ]. De quota litis. Tis a public [offence?].
79 1759-06-29 Have this moment finished Woods new Institute of the Imperial or civil Law. It is a great Help to the in the study of Van Muyden and Justinian. I understand Wood much better for having read Van Muyden and shall now understand Van Muyden much better for having read Wood.
80 1759-06-30 Make preparations to bear Misfortunes. Prepare your Mind furnish your mind with Reflections Considerations that will support you and mitigate your Grief.
81 1759-10-12 I have begun too to compare Dr. Cowells Institutes of the Laws of England with Justinians Institutes of the Laws of Rome Chapters by Title by Title that each may reflect Light upon the other and that I may advance my Knowledge of civil and common Law at the same Time. [ [ 5] 1760. ]
82 1760-05-26 This Rhenish Wine is made of a Grape that grows in Germany upon the River Rhine and from which it receives its Name and is very famous all over Europe. Let me remember to look in Chambers under Rhenish and in Salmons Geography under the Produce of the Countries upon the Rhine for more Particulars of this Vine and Grape and Wine. The soil it delights in the Method of Cultivation what digging what Manure what Pruning c. Let me ask Mr. Quincy whether the soil of his Garden suits them? and what sorts and how many [sorts?] 3 of Grapes he has? Dont they require more Heat than we have for them? Where he got his other slips. Where he got his Lime Trees? &c.
83 1760-05-27 At home. Read in Naval Trade and Commerce.
84 1760-05-28 In the afternoon Zab and I wandered down to Germantown on foot-running a Parrallell between the Pleasures Profits freedoms Ease and Uses of the several Professions especially Physick and Divinity. 4
85 1760-05-29 Pownals Remark every other House a Tavern. Twelve in this Town. Call upon the select men and not to grant Approbation upon the grand jurors to present all bad Houses &c.
86 1760-05-30 Nightingale Hayden Saunders J. Spear N. Spear Benoni Spear would vote for any Man for a little Phlip or a Dram. N. Belcher John Spear O. Gay James Brackett John Mills Wm. Veasey &c. voted for T. for other Reasons. 9
87 1760-05-31 Drank Tea with Zab. Ran over the past Passages of my Life. Little Boats water mills wind mills whirly Giggs Birds Eggs Bows and Arrows Guns singing pricking Tunes Girls &c. Ignorance of Parents Masters Cleverly Marsh Tutors Mayhew &c. By a constant Dissipation among Amuzements in my Childhood and by the Ignorance of my Instructors in the more advanced years of my Youth my Mind has laid uncultivated so that at 25 I am obliged to study Horace and Homer. -- Proh Dolor!
88 1760-06-01 Coll. Grape vines delight in a [light?] rockey and mountainous soil like our Commons which would make excellent Vineyards. -- I suppose that most of the Wines of the World are the Growth of Climates at least as northern as ours. Champaign and Tockay are more southward but Burgundy &c. &c. &c. are northward of us.
89 1760-06-02 Wasted the Day with a Magazine in my Hand. As it was Artillery Election it seemed absurd to study and I had no Conveniencies or Companions for Pleasure either in Walking riding drinking husling or any thing else.
90 1760-06-03 This Day has been lost in much the same Spiritless manner.
91 1760-06-04 Read nothing but Magazines as indeed an indisposition rendered me unfit for any Application. Spent the evening with Zab at Mr. Wibirts Discharged my Venom to Billy Veasey against the Multitude Poverty ill Government and ill Effects of licensed Houses and the timorous Temper as well as criminal [ ] Designs of the Select Men who grant them Approbations. Then Spent the Evening with Zab at Mr. Wibirts.
92 1760-06-05 Arose late. Feel disordered. 8 o'Clock 3 1/2 Hours after Sun rise is a sluggard's rising Time. Tis a stupid Waste of so much Time. Tis getting an Habit hard to conquer and Tis very hurtful to ones Health. 3 1/2 1/7 of the 24 is thus spiritlessly dozed away. God grant me an Attention to remark and a Resolution to pursue every Opportunity for the Improvement of my Mind and to save with the Parsimony of a Miser every moment of my Time. 11
93 1760-06-06 Arose very late. A cold rainy northeasterly storm of several Days continuance. I have an ugly Cold a phlegmatic stomach and a Cholicky Pain in my Bowells this morning. Read Timon of Athens the Man hater in the Evening at the Drs.
94 1760-06-07 Arose late again. When shall I shake off the shackells of morning slumbers and arise with the sun? Between sun rise and Breackfast I might write or read or contemplate a good deal. I might before Breakfast [ ] entirely shake off the Drowziness of the Morning and get my Thoughts into a steady Train my Imagination raised my Ambition inflamed in short every Thing within me and without into a Preparation for Improvement. -- I have some Points [of] Law to examine to day.
95 1760-06-08 Spent the Evening and Night at the Coll's. in ill natured invidious Remarks upon Eb. Thayer and Morals and General Court c.
96 1760-06-09 Attended Major Crosbeys Court. Where [ ] Capts. Thayer and Hollis made their Appearance. Thayer had taken 2 Accounts of Nathan Spear in his own Hand Writing and got the Writts drawn by Niles. But upon my making a Defence for Hunt Spear was afraid to enter and so agreed to pay Costs and drop. But poor Thayer had to say several Times I told him so but he would have his own Way. This little dirty petty fogging Trade Thayer carries on yet.
97 1760-06-10 I rambled this Afternoon with the Dr. over the Commons and amused my self wit by clearing the Spring and climbing the Ledges of Rocks thro the Apertures of which the trees had large Trees had grown. But I spend too much Time in these Walks these amusing Rambles. I should be more confined to my Chamber. Should read and muse more. Running to Dr. to the Barn down to meals and for Pipes and Coals and Tobacco &c. take up much of my Time. I have grown habitually indolent and thoughtless. I have scarcely felt a glow a Pang a Transport of Ambition since I left Worcester since I left my school indeed for there the tricks the prate and the Mischievous Tricks the perpetual invincible Prate and the stupid Dulness of my scholars roused my Passions and with them my Views and Impatience of Ambition. Let me Remember to keep my Chamber not run Abroad. My Books naval Trade Coke Andrews Locke Homer should not Fields and Groves and Springs and Rocks should be the Objects of my Attention. Law and not Poetry is to be the Business of my Life.
98 1760-06-14 In my journey to Abbington my Mind seemed to be confused with the Dust and Heat and fatigue. I had not Spirit and Attention to to make any Observations upon the Lands Corn Grass Grain Fences orchards Houses c. I dined at Nortons where the two military Companies of the Town were assembled to raise Voluntiers Recruits but I had not Spirits to make Observations on the Landlord or Lady or Officers or soldiers or House or any Thing. I eat Milk for Breakfast. 15
99 1760-06-15 Let me Aim at Perspicuity and Correctness more than ornament in these Papers.
100 1760-06-16 Arose before the sun. Now I am ignorant of the fortune my Future Fortune what Business what Reputation I may get which is now far from my Expectations. How many Actions shall I secure this Day? What new Client shall I have? 6 Actions I found at Evening I had secured 6 Actions but not one new Client that I know of.
101 1760-06-17 The office of a sheriff has Dangers and Temptations around it. Most of them decline in Morals or Estate or both. Saml. Penniman is one. 18
102 1760-06-18 Read but little thought but little for the N.E. storm unstrung me.
103 1760-06-23 A long obstinate Tryal before Majr. Crosby of the most litigious vexatious suit I think that ever I heard. Such Disputes [ ] begin with ill humour and scurrilous language and End in a Boxing Bout or a Law suit.
104 1760-06-24 Arose early a very beautiful Morning. Zab. seems to make insufficient Distinctions between the Vowells. He seems to swallow his own Voice. He neither sounds the Vowells nor Articulates distinctly. The story of Yesterdays Tryal spreads. Salisbury told my Uncle and my Uncle told Major Crosby Coll. Quincy. They say I was saucy that I whipped the old Major &c. that I ripped about the Law suits of this Town And of that House and that I reminded the Majer of his oath to be of Council to neither Party and to do justice equally between the Parties according to Law.
105 1760-06-25 At one of the Clock we took our Mutton and Cyder under the shade of a fine Tree and laid our Provisions on a large flat stone which answered for Table Dish and Plate and then we dined expecting with much Pleasure an easy sail Home before the Wind which then bread fresh at East. After Diner we boarded and hoisted sail and sailed very pleasantly a Mile when the Wind died away into a Clock Calm and left us to row against the Tide and presently against the Wind too for that sprung up at south right a Head of us and blew afresh. This was hard work. Doubtful what Course to steer whether to Nut Island or to Half Moon or to Hangmans Island or to Sunken Island Coll. Q. grew sick which determined us to go ashore at Hangmans for that was the nearest. As soon as he set foot on shore he vomited very heartily and then weak and faignt and spiritless he crawled up to the Gunning House and wrapping his great Coat round him lay down on the sea weed and slept while I rambled round the Island after Weeds and flowers and stones and young Gulls and Gulls Eggs. 500 Gulls I suppose hovered cawing and screaming over the Island for fear of their Eggs and Young ones all the time we were there. When the Coll. [ ] awoke and found himself strengthened and inspirited we rowed away under Half Moon and then hoisted sail and run home. So much for the Day of Pleasure The fishing frolick the Water frolick. We had none of the Pleasure of Angling very little of the Pleasure of Sailing. We had much of the fatigue of Rowing and some of the Vexation of Disappointment. However the Exercise and the Air and smell of salt Water is wholesome. 26
106 1760-06-26 Feel indifferently well after my yesterdays walk and sail. I have begun to read the Spirit of Laws and have resolved to read that Work thro in order and with Attention. I have hit upon a Project that will secure my Attention to it which is to write in the Margin a sort of Index to every Paragraph.
107 1760-06-27 There is a set of People whose Glory Pride &c. it is to puzzle every Man they meet with some Question in the Rule of three or fractions or some other Branch of Arithmetic. Jed. Bass. Moses French. Tom Peniman &c. &c. Smith Richard Thayer &c. 27
108 1760-07-01 Mr. Otis says there is no Limitation of Attachments. There is no Proportion established between the Demand and the Quantity to be attached so that a Villain may attach 20000 if he pleases as security for 20 and take the whole into the Officers Custody. Tho on second thought this cant be done without Collusion between the Plaintiff and the officer for unless the officer is malicious as well as the Plaintiff he will run the Risque for the Defendant of making a Common Service and this is the Reason why there has been no Mischief made of the unlimited Power of Attachment.
109 1760-07-03 Read pretty diligently in the Spirit of Laws. -- Hayden's Consultation suggested the following Questions. Q. Is there any Method of compelling a Grantor to give a new Deed when the Deed he has executed before happens to be burned or lost?-Q. May an Agreement in Writing without seal or by Parol only be given in Evidence against a Bond sealed and delivered? After Confession of the Forfeiture of the Penalty any Special Agreement may be given in Evidence. 28
110 1760-07-05 Cowen and Young Thayer the Marketman are full of White and Bowditch. Cowen heard I tore Whites account all to Pieces and Thayer thought that White had a dirty Case. Few Justices Causes have been more famous than that. Isaac Tyrrell [Tirrell] had the story too but he thought Bowditch was to blame was abusive.
111 1760-07-06 Heard Mr. Mayhew of Martha's Vineyard.
112 1760-07-09 Gould has got the story of White and Bowditch.
113 1760-07-12 Yr. svt. J. Adams
114 1760-07-13 Her Intention was to complain against Jos. Ryford and charge him before the justice with being the father of the Bastard Child with which she is now pregnant. Now what Occasion for taking her Examination upon Oath?-By the Province Law. [ ]
115 1760-07-25 The jury gave a Verdict for Chambers in this Case. 36
116 1760-07-26 This Bond has been at [least] once and an half if not twice paid. The Case is this. About 15 Years ago the Plaintiffs sold a tract [of] Land containing 30 Acres within such and such Boundaries to one Tower for 750 and He together with the present Defendants became jointly bound to the Plaintiffs in 10 different Bonds of which this is one for the Payment of the Money. But in the Time of it a suspicion arose that those Bounds did not include 30 Acres and least they should not an Agreement was made and committed to Writing that the Land should be surveyed and if it was found to fall short the Deficiency should be deducted from some of these Bonds. Accordingly the Land was afterwards surveyed and found to fall short 7 Acres and an half which at the in Proportion of to the Price of the whole amounted to about the Value of this Bond. All the other Bonds have been discharged and taken up and this was set against the Deficiency of Land. But Besides all this [ ] at least one half of it has been paid another Way. For one of these [ ] Obligers carried the Money to Hollis and had 1/2 of what was due upon every Bond in his Hands callculated and paid him down his Money and Hollis promised to indorse one half upon every Bond that was left: yet this has never been indorsed and Hollis has assurance enough to sue for this whole Bond. The Defendants have been extreemely careless and negligent. Sometimes they paid Money abroad and took no Receipts but relied on his Honour 37 to indorse it when he went home. They even left the Agreement that obliged him to make up the wanting Land in Hollis's own Hands after the Land was surveyed they left the Plan and survey in his Hands in short there has been the Utmost Simplicity and Inattention on their Part in every Part of all these Transactions and there have not been fewer Proofs of Artifice secresy and Guile I must say Guile on the Part of Hollis for He always avoided giving Receipts he never would suffer any 3d Person to be present when he did Business. They sometimes would carry with them a Neighbour [who] understood Numbers better than they to calculate for them and see that they were not injured but whenever they did so Hollis would never do any Business with them and at last had the Assurance to tell them that he never would do any Business with them if they brought any Body with them as long as he lived. So that by one Artifice and another we have been led on to pay I suppose 1500 for 750 and what is worse than all the rest the Deed he gave is accidentally lost. Of this Hollis got a Hint and has since sold it to another Person. This Hollis has [ ] mortgaged this very Land to Mr. Gouldthwat the Clerk of this Court since he found We had lost our Deed. Yet he has the assurance to sue this [Bond?]. We have offered him to relinquish his obligation to make good the deficient Land and pay him the 1/2 of this Bond if he will execute a new Deed of the Land but he cant do that. He has sold it. 38
117 1760-08-03 I must explain and prove Towers Payment of one half at large and then Haydens Payment of.270 and a Book Debt and the Indorsements which made the 6 Bonds that Hayden took up. 40
118 1760-08-09 Q. [Query] Is this a generous Practice to perpetuate the Shruggs of Witt and the Grimaces of Affectation?
119 1760-08-12 Dana asked next what Number of Carters Boatmen Shipbuilders &c. were ever employed at a Time at that Landing Place? I answered half a dozen Carters perhaps. But my Answer should have been this. At some times there are 3 or 4. or half a dozen Ship Carpenters and it is possible there may have been 2 or 3 Boats at that Wharf at a Time which will require 1/2 dozen Boatmen and [ ] there has been perhaps 40 Carts in a day with stones and Wood and Lumber but these Carts are coming and going all Day long so that it is a rare thing to see half a dozen Carts there at a time. In short there is so much Business done there as to 43 render one Tavern necessary but there is not so much Business there is no such Concourse of Travellers no such Multitudes of busy People at that Landing as to need all this Cluster of Taverns. One Tavern and one Retailer was tho't by the select Men quite sufficient for that Place. They have Appointed one of each and pray that your Honors would [ ] recognize no more.
120 1760-08-19 This fine speech was Prats. Yet he is sometimes of opinion that all these Sectaries ought to turn Churchmen and that a Uniform Establishment ought to take place through the whole Nation. [ ] I have heard him say that We had better all of us come into the Church than pretend to overturn it &c. Thus it is that fine Speechmakers are sometimes for Uniformity sometimes for Variety and Toleration. They dont speak for the Truth or Weight but for the Smartness and and Novelty singularity of their speech. However I heard him make two Observations that pleased me much more. One was that [ ] People in Years never suppose that young People have any judgment. Another Was (when a Deposition was produced taken by Parson Wells with a very incorrect Caption a Caption without any certificate of mention of the Cause in which it was to be used or certifying that the Adverse Party was present or notifyed) he observed that the 45 Parson could not take a Caption to save his Life and that he knew too much to learn any Thing.
121 1760-10-07 G. says that an Indenture for the Year 1758 att a certain Rent and the Lessees Continuance in the House and the Lessors Permission to continue in the House thro the Year 1759 without any new Indenture or any Contract or Conversation about [ ] any Rent is presumptive Evidence that Each Party intended the Rent should continue the same. The Lessees Continuance in the House without taking the Pains of going to the Lessor to treat about new Terms is sufficient Evidence of his Consent Satisfaction with the old Terms and of his Consent to pay the old Rent. And the Lessors Permission of his Tenant to continue in the House without taking the Pains to make a new Contract is sufficient Evidence of his satisfaction with the Terms and old Terms and of his Consent that they should continue. 56
122 1760-10-09 I do not know nor is it possible for your Honours to determine what Reason induced the Plantiff to renounce this suit. Whether it was the insolvency or whether because the Estate is insolvent or because he had no Cause of Action or because his Action was mislayed or because his Writ was bad which by the Way is very probable considering who drew it that determined the Plantiff not to enter this Action I cannot say and your Honours cannot determine. It appears to your Honours that the Defendant has been vexed and distressed by this summons that she has been obliged to take a journey to this Town and to attend upon this Court where it appears there is nothing for her to answer to. All this appears. What Motive induced the Plantiff to drop his Action does not appear and therefore We have a Right to Costs. As Things are Circumstanced I will own that had this Action been commenced by any Gentleman at this Bar I would have dispensed [with] this Complaint but it was drawn by a petty fogging Deputy Sheriff against whom I know it is my Duty and I think it is my Interest to take all legall Advantages. And he himself cannot 57 think it hard as he has taken both illegal and iniquitous Advantages against me. Therefore I pray your Honours Judgment for Costs. -- Q. If this Action should be entered what must be done with it? Continued or dismissed?-A Motion must be made for a Continuance or a Dismission.
123 1760-10-11 Neals Action is entered so that I have two Actions to defend by Pleas in Bar and three of the Actions I entered are to be defended Clark is to Plead in Abatement and Tirrell and Thayer are I suppose to plead to issue. Clark gave a Note of Hand to Captn. Brackett in his Life time and after his Death on a Reckoning with the Administratrix [ ] a Ballance was found due to the Estate upon Book and for which he gave a new Note to the Widow as Administratrix. Now I have laid both these Notes in one Declaration in Conformity to the Province Law which requires forbids two Bills of Cost upon Instruments Bonds Bills Notes &c. executed by the same Party and made payable to one and the same Person and put in suit at the same Time. Dana pleads in Abatement that these Notes tho executed by the same Party were not made payable to one and the same Person. The first was made payable to Bracket and the second was made payable to his Wife-and cites 3rd. Salkeld 202. A. owed to B..20 as 58 Executor and 10 more in his own Right. One Action will not lie against him for the whole Money because there must be several judgments. And Dana says that soon after he began Practice he drew a Writ upon a Note taken by an Executor as Executor for a Debt of his Testator and drew the Writ as if the Note had been taken in the Executors own private Right. Auchmuty for the Defendant pleaded in Abatement that the Note was given to Plaintiff as Executor not in his own Right and the Inferiour Court abated the Writ but he appealed and at the Superiour Court got Mr. Reed to speak for him who contended that the Words as Executor were idle and the Court unanimously set up his Writ.
124 1760-10-13 Now had this Representation been made when she took Administration 18 months at least would have been allowed to examine Claims. But 6 months were allowed [over?] so that the Creditors will receive their share quite as soon as they would if it had been represented sooner. 63
125 1760-11-14 Another Year is now gone and upon Recollection I find I have executed none of my Plans of study. I cannot Satisfy my self that I am much more knowing either from Books or Men from this Chamber or the World than I was at least a Year ago when I wrote the foregoing Letter to Sewal. Most of my Time has been spent in Rambling and Dissipation. Riding and Walking Smoking Pipes and Spending Evenings consume a vast Proportion of my Time and the Cares and Anxieties of Business damp my Ardor and scatter my attention. But I must stay more at home -- and commit more to Writing. A Pen is certainly an excellent Instrument to fix a Mans Attention and to inflame his Ambition. I am therefore beginning a new literary Year with the 26th. of my life. 4
127 1760-11-15 Spent last Evening at Coll. Quincys with Coll. Lincoln. Several Instances were mentioned when the Independency and Superiority of the Law in general over particular Departments of officers civil and military has been asserted and maintained by the judges at Home. Ld. Cokes Resolution in the Case of in oposition to the opinion and even to the orders and passionate Threatnings of the King. Ld. Holts refusal to give the House of Lords his Reasons for his judgment in the Case of in an extra judicial Manner [ ] i.e. without being legally and constitutionally called before them by a Rit [Writ ] of Error Certiorari or false judgment or something. And C. [Chief] J. [Justice] Wills's resolute spirited assertion of the Rits [Rights] of common Law in opposition to the Court Martial against the Intercession of powerful Friends and even of the Ministry if not the K [King ] himself.
128 1760-11-19 Parson Smith says the Art of Printing like most other Arts and Instruments was discovered by Accident. Somebody at an idle Hour had whitled his Name cut his Name out in the Bark of a Tree. And when his Name was fairly cut out he cut off it off [and] put it into his Hankerchief. The Bark was fresh and full of Sap and the Sap colored his Hankerchief i.e. printed his Name upon it. 75 And from observing that he tooke the Hint.
130 1760-11-21 Finished the History of the Common Law the second Time. The Dissertation on hereditary Descents and that on Tryals by juries are really very excellent Performances and well worth repeated attentive Reading.
132 1760-11-22 A Girl A Market Girl whom he overtook upon the Neck and asked to let him jigg her? answered by asking what is that? What good will that do? He replied it will make you fat! Pray be so good then says the Girl as to Gigg my Mare. She's miserably lean 77
133 1760-11-25 Fiddling and dancing in a Chamber full of young fellows and Girls a wild Rable of both sexes and all Ages in the lower Room singing dancing fiddling drinking flip and Toddy and drams. -- This is the Riot and Revelling of Taverns And of Thayers frolicks. 79 [ -- see ] [ This contains an algebraic formula. ] 80 [ -- ] Paper Book No. 5 [ The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams ] [ -- ]
134 1760-11-26 Ten days are now elapsed since I began Hale the 2d time and all the Law I have read for 10 days is that Book once thro. I read Woods Institute thro the first Time with Mr. Put. in twice that time i.e. in 3 Weeks and kept a school every day. My present Inattention to Law is intolerable and ruinous. 6
136 1760-11-28 The Property of our Meeting House is in the Precinct i.e. the dissenting Part of it -- And I think the Precinct by its Committee sold the Pews to particular Persons and perhaps the Persons who have erected Tombs might previously ask And obtain the Priviledge of the Precinct.
137 1760-11-29 Order Method Regularity in Business or Study have excellent Effects both in saving of Time and in bettering and improving Performance. Business done in order is done sooner and better.
138 1760-11-30 Read no Law. Read Bolinbroke. 10
139 1760-12-01 I am beginning a Week and a month and I arose by the Dawning of the Day. And by sun rise had made my fire and read a number of s in Bolinbroke. Tuesday and Wednesday passed without reading any Law.
141 1760-12-06 I am astonished at my own Ignorance in the french tongue. I find I can neither express my own Thoughts in it nor understand others who express theirs readily in it. I can neither give nor receive Thoughts by that Instrument.
142 1760-12-08 Began Machiavells [ ] Machiavell
143 1760-12-14 The Foundation of this Law is the Tendency of such scandalous stories to the Disturbance of the Peace. The Legislature knew the quickness and Violence of Mens Resentment.
144 1760-12-16 Virtues Ambition Generosity indulged to excess degenerate in Extravagance which plunges headlong into Villany and folly.
145 1760-12-18 There is every Year some new and astonishing scene of Vice laid open to the Consideration of the Public. Parson Potters Affair with Mrs. Winchester and other Women is hardly forgotten. A Minister famous for Learning oratory orthodoxy Piety and Gravity discovered to have the most debauched and polluted of Minds to have pursued a series of wanton Intrigues with one Woman and another to have got his Maid with Child and all that. -- Lately Deacon Savils Affair has become public. An old Man 77 Years of Age a Deacon whose chief Ambition has always been Prayer and religious Conversation and sacerdotal Company discovered to have been the most salacious rampant Stallion in the Universe -- rambling all the Town over 13 lodging with this and that Boy and Attempting at least the Crime of Buggery. [Now think affair?] Thus Adultery Buggery Perjury are-
147 1760-12-19 I am an old Man seventy odd and as [I] had my Education so I have passed nay whole Life in the Country &c.
148 1760-12-22 This day and Tomorrow are the last. I have but one left that I can use.
149 1760-12-27 For tho there are no Marks of Knavery in it there are marks of good sense I think. Grammatical and Rhetorical Inaccuracies are by no means Proofs of Weakness or Ignorance. They may be found in Bacon Lock Newton c.
150 1761-01-27 I am very glad that he gave and I took the Advice for it will explain many Things in Ecclesiastical History and open that system of fraud Bigotry Nonsense Impudence and Superstition on which the Papal Usurpations are founded besides increasing my skill in the latin Tongue and my Acquaintance with civil 11 Law for [ ] in many Respects the Cannon Law is grafted on the civil.
151 1761-02-06 I have now almost finished the first book of Peter Lancelotts Institute which first Book is taken up De jure Personarum and is well analized in the 29th Title De Clericis non Residentibus in these Words vizt. Personarum quidam Laid sunt quidam Clerici. Rursus Clericorum quidam sunt in Sacerdotio constituti quidam in sacris licet non in sacerdotio quidam nee in sacris nec in sacerdotio. Eorum rursus qui in sacerdotio constituti sunt quidam sunt in celsiore gradu ut Episcopi: quidam in inferiore ut Presbyteri. In sacris vero dicuntur constituti Diaconi et subdiaconi qui vero nec in sacerdotio nec in sacris reperiuntur ii sunt qui Bunt in Minoribus ordinibus constituti. Caeterum quoniam adhuc quidam in Ecclesia sunt qui non minus in Laicatu quam in Clericatu constituti Domino Deserviunt ut sunt Regulares ac Monachi restat ut et de his Pauca subiiciamus.
152 1761-02-09 This Institute is a curious Monument of Priestly Ambition Avarice and subtlety. Tis a system of sacerdotal Guile.
154 1761-03-03 Qure. How they mend their Ways Streets Lanes Alleys &c. in Boston. Whether by a Rate. [ ] Is not the Town taxed for Pavement of streets &c. Q. Whether they ever permit those who choose it to work it out themselves. 48 [ -- ]
155 1761-03-21 The Power of a Town. The Proviso in the 11th of George Chaptr. 4th. That this Act shall not extend to the preventing or altering the Practice in any Town of defraying the Charge of repairing or amending the High Ways by a Rate or Tax or any other Method they have or shall agree upon. The Words agreed upon in this Proviso I presume signify determined by the major Part of the Voters for the same Words agreed upon are used in several other Acts where their meaning must be so. Thus 6th. W. & M. C. 5 the Act to enable Towns Villages Proprietors in common and undivided Lands to sue and be sued. 3
156 1761-04-03 Tis vain and mean to esteem oneself for his Ancestors Merit. But he is very avaricious and very ambitious and excessively vain. Vain of his Descent his Estate his Knowledge his sense his public Employments and public spirit. he is ambitious that of Select Man that of Commissioner of Bankruptcy &c. and of his public Capacity and spirit -- ambitious of public Trust as a select Man a Representative a Commissioner &c. And besides all these he is brutally uncivil and rude in Company. He is an impetuous bauler a rough unpolished ill bred Clown and Coxcomb. These are the Properties of one of the favourites of Braintree. 15
157 1761-06-11 I begin to feel the Passions of the World. Ambition Avarice Intrigue Party all must be guarded.
158 1761-06-20 I have been interrupted from Reading this Institute ever since Feby. Amidst the Dissipations of Business Pleasure Conversation Intrigue Party &c. what mortal can give Attention to an old latin Institute of the Cannon Law? But it is certainly worth while to proceed and finish it as I have already been 2/3 thro it. 13
160 1761-07-07 Drank Tea at Major Nobles with Coll. Quincy Deacon Whittemore and the Man who is sued to this Court. I've forgot his Name. All in Consultation about defending their Lands in the Eastward. 33
161 1761-08-01 I am creating Enemies in every Quarter of the Town. The Clarks hate. Mother Hubbard Thayer Lamb Tirrell J. Brackett. This is multiplying and propagating Enemies too fast. -- I shall have the Ill-Will of the whole Town whole Town.
162 1761-09-10 A certain Romish Priest had five young Nuns committed to his Charge i.e. he was appointed the Confessor to them. And after a while they all five proved with Child by him. He was summoned into the Ecclesiastical Court Spiritual Court to answer to the Charge of Fornication. The judge told him he was charged with a criminal Correspondence with all five of the Nuns that had been entrusted to his Care. The Priest replies Quinque mihi tradidit Dominus Talenta Et Ecce alia quinque super lucratus sum. -- The judge was so well pleased with his Confession that he said Remittuntur tibi Peccata tua Abi in Pace. 37
163 1761-10-17 I began Lancelotts Institute last Jany. and have read no farther than Liber 3. [Titulus] 8. De Exceptionibus et Replicationibus.
165 1761-10-18 Prayer! A post. [postulant?] -- Hands uplifted and Eyes. A very proper Prayer for me to make when I'm in Bo-n [Boston]. Solitude is a Personage in a clean wholsome Dress the Nurse and Nourisher of sense. Contemplation a Personage prunes picks smooths. Is she an Angell or a Bird -- ruffled rumpled rugged uneven tumbled. Free soul not enslaved unshackled no Bondage no subjection looks down pitties George Louis Frederick Phillip Charles &c. 38
166 1761-11-10 This morning I have been Reading [ illegible ] Archbp. Sharps sermon To the Upright there ariseth Light in the Darkness. His Character of the Upright man &c. Same day read a Number of his sermons in his first Volume. He is a moving affectionate Preacher-devotional more than Tillotson but not so moral.
167 1761-11-14 Brother Quincy and I were Sworn before the Superiour Court. It is now more than five Years since I began the study of the Law. And it is about three Years since I was sworn at the Inferiour Court.
168 1761-11-20 This day removed to my Chamber and made a Fire. The Forenoon was Spent in Conversation with Zab in walking to Dr. Turners and up Pens Hill and this afternoon in Conversation with Grindal Rawson and Zab at Mrs. Marshes. Yet I have caught several snatches of Reading and Thinking in Blackstone Gilbert &c. But I as usual expect great Things from this Chamber and this Winter. 15
169 1762-06-05 The origin of all his Bustle is very well known. I heard a Gentleman say he would give his oath that Otis said to him if his father was not made a judge he would thro the Province into flames if it cost him his Life. For that one Speech a Thousand other Persons would have been indicted. 4
170 1762-06-08 I lodged the first Night at Corsmans [Crossmans] the second at Major Leonards of Rainham and the third at Captn. Cobbs with Paine. I dined the first day I was there wednesday at Captn. Cobb s with Coll. Otis and Paine and the second at Coll. Whites. Drank Tea once at Coll. Whites with the three young Leonards George Zeph. and Daniel and I spent two Evenings at Cobbs with Coll. Otis and Paine. And I rode from Taunton to Milton with Coll. Otis. He is vastly easy and steady in his Temper. He is vastly good humoured and sociable and sensible. Learned he is not. But he is an easy familiar Speaker. He gave me many Anecdotes both of his Law and Politicks. 6 [ -- ] 7
171 1762-08-15 Jus et Libertas. Jus suum cuique tribuatur. Ope summa et alacri Studio Leges accipite.
172 1762-10-22 I read in Thompsons Travels in Turkey in Asia mention of a Turpentine called by the Name of the Turpentine of Venice which is not the Produce of Venice but of Dauphine and flows from the Larch Tree. It is thick and balsamic and used in several Arts particularly that of Enameling.
173 1762-10-23 Tirrell has cleared away all the Trees and Bushes Willows Alders Arrow Wood Dog Wood Briars Grape Vines Elms Ashes Oaks Birches c. that grew upon the Brook and burned them.
174 1762-10-24 Sometimes I am at the Homestead running Cross Fences and planting Potatoes by the Acre and Corn by the two Acres and running a Ditch along the Line between me and Field and a Fence along the Brook [against] my Brother and another Ditch in the Middle from Fields Line to the Meadow. Sometimes am Carting Gravel from the Neighboring Hills and am sometimes Dust from the streets upon the fresh Meadow. And sometimes plowing sometimes digging those Meadows to introduce Clover and other English Grasses 12
175 1762-11-05 G. contended that if the Court should continue the Causes they could not refuse setting on the Tryal because continuin? an Imparlance was a Judicial Act and so an Assumption of Jurisdiction. F. [Foster ] H. [Hutchinson] said that Dismissing the Actions would be a judicial Act as much as Continuing. 15
176 1762-11-30 Q. [Quere] The Humanity The Utility the Policy the Piety of the sanguinary Laws against Robbery and Stealing. 17
177 1762-12-28 Miserably bubbled by his own Vanity and Credulity.
178 1762-12-30 The story of Prats Death was told. His Honor said it would be a Loss to his family. He was in a fair Way to have raised it. But the New Yorkers will be glad of it. -- This to be sure was Familiarity and Affability! But Goldthwait cringed down and put on the timid fawning face and Air and Tone. s 20 - 26 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
179 1763-02-01 Q. Do we take Pleasure in the real Distresses of others? What is my Sensation when I see Captn. Cunningham laid up with the Gout and hear his plaintive Groans? What are the feelings of the Women at Groanings? What is my feeling when I hear of an honest Mans loosing a ship at Sea? What when I hear [sentence unfinished] 4
180 1763-02-05 In Croatia. His Descent. Education at school Colledge at the Bar. Historians relate that he was grossly slandered by a story of a Bastard on a Negro his Wrath at Plymouth at Boston he Heads the Trade brings Actions fails is chosen Representative quarrells with Governor Lieutenant [Governor] Council House Custom house officers Gentlemen of the Army the Bar retails prosody writes upon Money Prov. [Province] sloop. 8
181 1763-02-06 Multa conceduntur per Obliquum quae non conceduntur de directo. 6. Rep. 47. Debitum et Contractus sunt nullius Loci. 2. Inst. 231.
182 1763-02-11 Our Case. I promise to pay A or order. I have paid A. and now I must pay the order too.
183 1763-02-12 Auch. [Auchmuty] Proprs. Worcester v. Gates the Inhabitants of Worcester were Admitted on Argument. 29
184 1765-01-24 We accordingly agreed to meet the next Evening in one of Ballards back Chambers and determine upon Times Places and studies. 2 We accordingly met the next Evening Mr. Gridley Fitch and I and spent the whole Evening. Proposals were to read a Reign and the statutes of that Reign to read Hurds Dialogues and any new Pieces. But at last we determined to read The Feudal Law and Cicero only least we should loose sight of our main Object by attending to too many. Thurdsday Nights were agreed on and to meet first at Mr. Gridleys office. There we accordingly met on the Thurdsday Night following and suffered our Conversation to ramble upon Hurds Dialogues the Pandects their Discovery in Italy by Lotharius in 1127 in the Reign of Stephen upon Lambard de priscis Anglorum Legibus in Saxon and Latin upon Ld. Kaims [Kames] Mr. Blackstone &c. But we agreed to meet the next Thurdsday night at Mr. Fitch's and to read the Three first Titles of the feudal Law and Tullies oration for Milo.
186 1765-01-31 The snowy Weather prevented me from going to Dudleys. The Sodality however met and read the two Titles assigned and assigned the three next vizt. the 6th. Episcopum vel Abbatem vell Abbatissam vel Dominum plebis feudum dare non posse. Tit. 7th. De Natura Feudi and Tit. 8th. De successione Feudi.
187 1765-02-21 I [ ] hope and expect to see at the Bar in Consequence of this Sodality a Purity an Elegance and a Spirit surpassing any Thing that ever appeared in America. Fich [Fitch] said that he would not say he had Abilities but he would say he had Ambition enough to hope for the same Thing.
188 1765-08-15 Would it not be Prudence then in those Gentlemen at this alarming Conjuncture and a Condescention that is due to the present Fears and Distresses of the People (in some manner consistent with the Dignity of their stations and Characters) to remove these jealousies from the Minds of the People by giving an easy solution of these Difficulties? 19 [ -- ] s 20 - 21 [ s -- no s available ] 24 upside down
189 1765-12-18 The Bar seem to me to behave like a Flock of shot Pidgeons. They seem to be stopped the Net seems to be thrown over them and they have scarcely Courage left to flounce and to flutter. So sudden an Interruption in my Career is very unfortunate for me. I was but just getting into my Geers just getting under Sail and an Embargo is laid upon the Ship. Thirty Years of my Life are passed in Preparation for Business. I have had Poverty to struggle with-Envy and jealousy [ ] and Malice of Enemies to encounter-no Friends or but few to assist me so that I have groped in dark Obscurity till of late and had but just become known and gained a small degree of Reputation when this execrable Project was set on foot for my Ruin 5 as well as that of America in General and of Great Britain.
190 1765-12-19 About one O'Clock came in Mr. Clark one of the Constables of the Town of Boston with a Letter from Mr. Wm. Cooper their Town Clerk in these Words
191 1765-12-20 The Council adjourned to the Morning and I repaired to my Lodgings.
192 1765-12-21 Are not Protection and Allegiance reciprocal? And if We are out of the Kings Protection are we not discharged from our Allegiance. Are not all the Ligaments of Government dissolved? Is it not a Declaration of an Abdication of the Throne? In short where will such an horrid Doctrine terminate? It would run us into Treason!
193 1765-12-22 At Home with my family. Thinking. 14
194 1765-12-23 Can any Thing less abominable have prompted you to commence an Enemy to human Liberty-an Enemy to human Nature-- an Advocate for Courts more frightful infamous and detestable than the star Chamber and high Commission for Taxations more grievous arbitrary and unconstitutional than ship Money on which you and your Hampden were known to ring eternal Changes and indeed of which you had so much Right to complain. If ever an Infant Country deserved to be cherished it is America if ever a People merited Honor 18 and Happiness they are her Inhabitants. They have the high sentiments of Romans in the most prosperous and virtuous Times of that Commonwealth: Yet they have the tenderest feelings of Humanity and the noblest Benevolence of Christians. They have the most habitual radical sense of Liberty and the highest Reverence for Virtue. They are descended from a Race which in a Confidence in Providence set the seas and the skies Monsters and savages Tyrants and Devils at Defyance for the sake of their Liberty and Religion. Yet this is the People on whom you are contributing for Hire to rivit and confirm everlasting Oppression.
195 1765-12-24 Returned from Boston. Spent the afternoon and Evening at Home.
196 1765-12-25 Mr. S. Adams told me he was glad I was nominated for several Reasons. -- 1st. Because he hoped that such an Instance of Respect from the Town of Boston would make an Impression on my Mind and secure my Friendship to the Town from Gratitude. 2dly. He was in Hopes such a Distinction from Boston would be of Service to my Business and Interest. 3d. He hoped that Braintree finding the Eyes of Boston were upon me would fix their's on me too next May. His Hopes in the two first [ ] Particulars may be well grounded but I am sure not in the Third.
197 1765-12-26 At Home by the Fireside viewing with Pleasure the falling Snow and the Prospect of a large one. [ ]
198 1765-12-27 If there is any one who cannot see the Tendency of that Act to reduce the Body of the People to Ignorance Poverty Dependance his Want of Eyesight is a Disqualification for public Employment. Let the Towns and the Representatives therefore renounce every Stamp man and every Trimmer next May.
199 1765-12-28 Returned and spent the Evening at Home.
200 1765-12-29 Cleverly converses of late at Mr. Lloyds with some of the Seekers of Appointments from the Crown-some of the Dozen in the Town of Boston who ought as Hanncock says to be beheaded or with some of those who converse with the Governor who ought as Tom Boylstone I says to be sent Home with all the other Governors on the Continent with Chains about their Necks. [ ]
201 1765-12-30 Now have not they the same Reason to contend against Parliamentary Taxations which you and your Hampden had against regal and ministerial Taxations. -- What were your Reasons?
202 1765-12-31 The national Attention is fixed upon the Colonies. The Religion Administration of Justice Geography Numbers &c. of the Colonies are a fashionable Study. But what wretched Blunders do they make in attempting to regulate them. They know not the Character of Americans. 4
203 1766-01-01 It is said at N. York that private Letters inform the great Men are exceedingly irritated at the Tumults in America and are determined to inforce the Act. This irritable Race however will have good Luck to inforce it. They will find it a more obstinate War than the Conquest of Canada and Louisiana. 7
204 1766-01-03 Fair Weather and Snow enough. Major Miller Dr. Savil and Mr. Joseph Penniman spent the Evening with me. Agriculture Commerce Fishery Arts Manufactures Town Provincial American and national Politicks the Subject. -- Anecdote in the Beginning of the Year Deacon Penniman was for reducing the Salary of the School Master from 330 to 300. The Master Penniman insisted on keeping half the time in the Middle Precinct if he had but 300 to which the Select Men agreed. But when the Time came for Penniman to remove to the School in the Middle Precinct Moses French who had for many Winters kept the School there and had been an active Advocate for Deacon Penniman complained that he had depended on that School and had not provided any other Business and petitioned to keep it. So that the Deacon was obliged to [ ] move the select Men to agree afresh with Penniman and allow him his 330 to keep at the North End. Thus it seems the Deacon did not see to the End of the Year when he began it.
205 1766-01-04 Edes & Gill's 9 Gazette brought in. I find that Somebody has published the very scene in Shakespears [Henry] 8 which I have put into Ld. Clarendons Letter to Pym. This brings to my Mind again Ld. Bacons Doctrine of secret invisible Connections and communications and unknown undiscovered Laws of Nature. Hampden writes to Pym on the Failure of Justice in America on the shutting up of the Courts of justice since October. He has given the Public Mr. Otis's Arguments before the Governor and Council from Magna Charta Ld. Coke the Judges Oaths &c. -- and promises to give more.
206 1766-01-05 Heard Mr. Wibird all Day. A Sacramental Sermon on It is finished. --
207 1766-01-06 At Home. Mr. Smith and Mr. Penniman dined here.
208 1766-01-07 Nothing gave me so much Regret or such Remorse in my whole Life as the Part I acted in conniving at some of King Charles's grievous and illegal Measures and the Pains I took to support him and his two oppressive Instruments Laud and Strafford. But my very zealous Attachment to the Church and the enthusiastical Spirit of Party made me see many Objects in a Partial Light. I have condemned my self for these faults from that Time to this. And it grieves me to hear that the Barbadians have acted so vile a Part in the Year 1765. That Island was settled under the Protectorate of Cromwell by zealous Partisans for Passive Obedience and I suppose a Remnant of the servile Spirit of their Ancestors and of those ruinous Doctrines have prevailed on them to submit. I said under the Protectorate for I must own I can scarcely prevail on my self to call it an Usurpation or the struggle made by you and Hampden and others a Rebellion. If I was to revise my History I should alter many Things which the Rage of Party hurried me to record and in Particular the Tittle of that Work. 12
209 1766-01-08 At Home. Wrote &c.
210 1766-01-09 At Home all day. Mr. Smith Dr. Tufts Dr. Savil Mr. Bass &c. here.
211 1766-01-10 What will they say in England when they see the Resolves of the American Legislatures the Petitions from the united Colonies the Resolutions of the Merchants in Boston N. York Phyladelphia &c.
212 1766-01-11 The Truth is here is a strange Ambiguity affected in this Matter. Courts will sit and suffer no Business to be done but adjourn adjourn to next Spring. So that the Clerks are at a loss whether to make out Writs the People are uncertain whether such Action will ever be sustained at all and they know certainly that no Execution can be had till next Spring. So that they think it not worth while to be at the Expence of 19 purchasing Writs. In this situation of Things we are as much deprived of the Kings Protection of our Persons and Properties as unable to procure justice as if an actual Record was made of Invasion or Rebellion. So that the subject is as effectually deprived of the Benefit and Protection of the Law as if the Laws were silent drowned in the Din of War! We are therefore in Effect deprived of the Benefit of Magna Charta.
213 1766-01-12 Heard Mr. Wibird all day at Evening Mr. Etter here.
214 1766-01-13 Spent the Evening at Mr. Adams's with him and Brother Swift very socially.
215 1766-01-14 Dined at Mr. William Coopers with Messrs. Cushing Story and John Boylstone. Cushing silent and sly as usual. Story I dont know what. Cooper and Boylstone principal Talkers. Boylstone affecting a Phylosophical Indifference about Dress Furniture Entertainments &c. laughed at the affectation of nicely distinguishing Tastes such as the several Degrees of Sweet till you come up to the first degree of bitter laughed at the great Expences for Furniture as Nick Boylstones Carpetts Tables Chairs Glasses Beds &c. which Cooper said were the richest in N. America. -- The highest Taste and newest Fashion would soon flatten and grow old. -- A Curse or two upon the Climate preferable however to Carolina. But every Part of Europe preferable to this. -- [Query]. Is not this Nicety of Feeling this Indisposition to be satisfyed with the Climate of the same Nature with the Delicacy of Tastes and the Curiosity about Furniture just before exploded. -- Spent the Evening at Cunninghams.
216 1766-01-15 I was invited by Crafts and Trott to go and spend an Evening with them and some others Avery was mentioned to me as one. I went and was very civilly and respectfully treated by all Present. We had Punch Wine Pipes and Tobacco Bisquit and Cheese -- &c. I heard nothing but such Conversation as passes at all Clubbs among Gentlemen about the Times. No Plotts no Machinations. They Chose a Committee to make Preparations for grand Rejoicings upon the Arrival of the News of a Repeal of the Stamp Act and I heard afterwards they are to have such Illuminations Bonfires Piramids Obelisks such grand Exhibitions and such Fireworks as were never before seen in America. -- I wish they mayn't be disappointed.
217 1766-01-16 Spent the Evening at Bracketts with Gen. Winslow Coll. Bradford Mr. Otis Father Danforth Coll. Richmond Mr. [Brinlys?] and Mr. [Caldwell?] and Captain Hayward. Mr. Otis gave Us some Account of Ruggles's Behaviour at the Congress and Winslow told Us about catching Bass with Eeel Spears at the North River. Otis says that when they came to sign Ruggles moved that none of them should sign but that the Petitions should be carried back to the assemblies to see if they would adopt them. This would have defeated the whole Enterprize. This Ruggles has an inflexible Oddity about him which has gained him a Character for Courage and Probity but renders him a disagreable Companion in Business.
218 1766-01-17 Came home and dined and there stayed.
219 1766-01-18 What a Satisfaction is [it] to reflect Mr. Pym (I hope the infernal Regions have not made you forget all your humanity) that I can lye under the Imputation of no Guilt be subject to no Punishment lose none of my Property or the Pleasures and Necessaries Conveniences or Ornaments of Life which indulgent Providence has showered around me but by the judgment of my Peers my equals my Neighbours Men who know me and to whom I am known Men who have no End to serve by Punishing me Men who wish to 31 find me innocent if charged with a Crime and Men who are indifferent on which Side the Truth lies if I dispute with my Neighbour.
220 1766-01-19 Heard Mr. Robbins of Milton.
221 1766-01-20 Were very inquisitive about McIntosh. Whether he was a Man of Abilities or not? Whether he would probably rise in Case this Contest should be carried into any Length. Jo. Green Waterhouse and Church were talk'd of as capable of Bullero and the Burlesques. End-paper [ -- ] End-paper [ -- ] [ -- ] upside down Paper book no. 12. . Vol 3 [i.e. 2]. Journal of Fragments p 144-175 compared. [ The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams ]
222 1766-03-01 Ego. Bass is an Active capable Man but no seeker by mean begging or buying of Votes.
223 1766-03-02 Heard Mr. Wibirt.
224 1766-03-03 Mark the Fruits of this Election to me. Will the Church People be angry and grow hot and furious? Or will they be cooler and calmer for it? Will Thayers other Precinct friends resent it and become more violent or will they be less so? -- In short I cannot answer these Questions. Many of them will be disheartened I know. Some will be glad.
225 1766-03-10 It will increase my Connections with the People.
226 1766-03-11 Cushing Spoke out boldly and said he was ready to go on. He had no Difficulty about going on. Lynde said We are here. Oliver said here am I in Duress and if I must go on I must. Thus Popular Compulsion fear of Violence of the Sons of Liberty &c. was suggested to he the onlv Motive with him to go on.
227 1766-03-12 Returned to Braintree.
228 1766-03-13 At home.
229 1766-03-14 Yesterday and to day the severest Storm of Snow we have had this Year.
230 1766-03-15 The Snow is as deep and in as mountainous Banks as it has been at any Time this Winter. -- The unanimous Agreement of the Court and Bar was to try a few civil Causes one at least and then adjourn over.
231 1766-03-16 Heard Mr. Wibirt all day.
232 1766-03-17 Went to Town Meeting thro a fierce Wind a soaking Rain and miry Snowy Travelling Roads and Banks of Snow.
233 1766-03-18 Went to Weymouth found the Family mourning the Loss and preparing for the Funeral of old Tom. -- After my Return rode to Mr. Halls and in my Return stopped at Mr. Basses Jo. Basses for the Papers. Major Miller soon afterwards came in and he and I looked on each other without Wrath or shame or Guilt at least without any great Degree of Either 'tho I must own I did not feel exactly as I used to in his Company and I am sure by his Face and Eyes that he did not in mine. We were very Social &c.
234 1766-03-19 At Home.
235 1766-03-20 At Mrs. Baxters Funeral.
236 1766-03-21 A fine Spring like Morning. The Birds of many Sorts as sprightly and musical.
237 1766-03-28 What shall we think of Mr. Pitt? What shall we call him? The Genius and Guardian Angell of Britain and British America? Or what? Is it possible that Greenville offensive to his K [King] dissagreable to the People should prevail vs. the whole new Ministry and Mr. Pitt?
238 1766-04-10 At Plymouth. Court open and Business proceeding.
239 1766-04-15 Colonists by Charters shall have same Priviledges as if born in England i.e. that England shall be reputed their natale solum. Massachusetts by Fiction supposed to lye in England. -- Q. whether this Thought was not suggested by the [Braintree] Instructions? a fiction of Law insensible in Theory and injurious in Practice? All England is represented then [ ] Massachusetts is. 10
240 1766-04-26 Foresight Judgment Sagacity Penetration &c. are but very feeble infirm Things in these great affairs of State and War. What Hutchinson [said] in the Probate office was as good a Way as any -- I never was more at a loss in my Life about any Thing future! What the new Ministry will do I know not. If Mr. Pitt was in I should be at no loss at all. -- In this Way an Air of deep important Wisdom is preserved without danger of being proved mistaken by time.
241 1766-04-27 In the Evening I had a great deal of Conversation with Ezekiel Price Yesterday about Politicks &c. I provoked him to speak freely by calling him an Hutchinsonian. -- I swear says he I think the Lieutenant Governor an honest Man and I think he has been most damnably abused and slandered and bely'd &c. I know all his violent Opposers -- I know them and what they are after and their disciples in and about the Capital. There is no Man in the Province would fill any one of his offices as he does. He is the best judge of Probate &c.Flings about Otis and Adams and about being one of their Disciples &c.
242 1766-04-28 At Home.
243 1766-04-29 Thus America will ring with Riots Resolves opening Courts Instructions Edes Gills Gazette -- Writers &c. All the Evil will be laid upon them -- and the Congress too and recalling Orders for Goods.
244 1766-05-04 Returning from Meeting this Morning I saw for the first Time a likely young Button Wood Tree lately planted on the Triangle made by the Three Roads by the House of Mr. James Brackett. The Tree is well set well guarded and has on it an Inscription The Tree of Liberty and cursed is he who cutts this Tree.-- Q. What will be the Consequences of this Thought? I never heard an Hint of it till I saw it but I hear that some Persons grumble and threaten to girdle it. 14
245 1766-05-18 Mem. to write some Speculations upon the Union of Legislative and Executive Powers -- and upon the Knot the junto the Combination.
246 1766-05-26 A duller Day than last Monday when the Province was in a Rapture for the Repeal of the Stamp Act I do not remember to have passed. My Wife who had long depended on going to Boston and my little Babe [ ] were both very ill of an hooping Cough. My self under Obligation to attend the Superiour Court at Plymouth the next day and therefore unable to go to Boston. And the Town of Braintree insensible to the Common Joy! 15
247 1766-05-28 This Morning [Samuel] Adams was chosen Clerk and Otis Speaker. Govr. Bernard negatived him. Cushing was chosen. In the Afternoon they proceeded to choose Councillors when Hutchinson and the two Olivers were dropp'd and Trowbridge was dropped and Mr. Pitts Coll. Gerrish Coll. White Bowers Powel and Mr. Saunders and Dexter were chosen. -- What a Change! This Day seems to be the litteral Accomplishment of a Prophecy of Mr. Otis published two or three Winters ago in the News Paper The Day is hastening on with large Strides when a dirty very dirty witless Rabble I mean the great Vulgar shall go down with deserved Infamy to all Posterity. Thus the Triumph of Otis and his Party are compleat. But what changes are yet to come? Will not the other Party soon be uppermost?
248 1766-05-29 He said further that for himself he felt so happily after his Death that he was pretty sure he had behaved well during his Lifetime. For himself he was easy but the poor Secretary is infirm it will bear hard upon him. And for the Lieutenant Governor now the Act is repeal'd and considering how he has been used instead of doing any Thing to make up his Loss to leave him out of Council and so to confirm in the Minds of the People a suspicion that he has been an Enemy to the Country is very hard for a Man who has behaved so well as he has
249 1766-06-20 But I observe the Devise and Legacy is to him if living. It has never yet been proved probably never will be that he was then dead but admitting it certain he was not then living would it follow that the Residuary Clause comprehended and extended to John what was before given conditionally to Francis.
250 1766-07-21 Pym's Speech after the Articles vs. Sir George Ratcliffe were read. 19
251 1766-07-24 Thanksgiving for the Repeal of the Stamp - Act. Mr. Smiths Text was The Lord reigneth let the Earth rejoice and the Multitude of the Isles be glad thereof. Mr. Wibirts was Genesis 50th. 20th. -- But as for you ye thought evil against me but god meant it unto good to bring to pass as it is this Day to save much People alive. -- America is Joseph the King Lords and Commons -- Josephs Father and Brothers. Our Forefathers sold into Egypt i.e. Persecuted into America &c. Wibirt shone they say.
252 1766-07-28 Gridley Otis and Auchmuty were the chief Speakers. Gridley however was not in Trim. I never saw him more out of Spirits. Otis told some Stories Auchmuty told more and Scolded and rail'd about the lowness of the Fees. This is Auchmutys common Place Topick -- In Jamaica Barbadoes South Carolina and N. York a Lawyer will make an Independent Fortune in Ten Years.
253 1766-07-29 To have this Man represented as the first at the Bar is a Libel upon it -- a Reproach and disgrace to it. 21
254 1766-07-30 At Boston. The Weather cloudy. Going to the Common Pleas to day. Let me take Minutes. Let me remark the Speakers their Action their Pronunciation there Learning their Reasoning their Art and skill. Let me remark the Causes the remarkable Circumstances c. and report [ sentence unfinished ]
255 1766-08-05 Satt out with my Wife for Salem -- dined at Boston -- drank Tea at Dr. Simons Tufts's at Medford -- lodg'd at Mr. Bishops.
256 1766-08-06 Satt out from Mr. Bishops oated at Norwoods alias Martins and reached Brother Cranches at 12 o Clock dined and drank Tea and then rode down to the Neck Gate and then back thro the common and down to Beverly Ferry then back thro the common and round the back Part of the Town Home. Then Walked round the other Side of the Town to Coll. Browns who not being at Home we returned. The Town is situated on a Plain a Level a Flat -- scarce an Eminence can be found any where to take a View. The Streets are broad and strait and pretty clean. The Houses are the most elegant and grand that I have seen in any of the maritime Towns.
257 1766-08-07 In the Morning rode a single Horse in Company with Mrs. Cranch and Mrs. Adams in a Chaise to Marblehead. [ ] The Road 22 from Salem to Marblehead 4 miles is pleasant indeed. The Grass Plotts and Fields are delightfull. But Marblehead differs from Salem. The Streets are narrow and rugged and dirty -- but there are some very grand Buildings. Returned and din'd at Cranch's -- after dinner walked to Witchcraft Hill -- An Hill about 1/2 Mile from Cranches where the famous Persons formerly executed for Witches were buried. Somebody within a few Years has planted a Number of Locust Trees over the Graves as a Memorial of that memorable Victory over the Prince of the Power of the Air. This Hill is in a large Common belonging to the Proprietors of Salem &c. From it you have a fair View of the Town of the River the North and South Fields -- of Marble Head -- of Judge Lynde's Pleasure House and of Salem Village &c.
258 1766-08-18 Went to Taunton. Lodged at McWhorters. [ ]
259 1766-08-19 Dined at Captn. Cobbs with Coll. G. Leonard Paine Leonard young Cobb c.
260 1766-08-20 Spent Evening at Lodgings with Charles Cushing and Daniel Oliver of Middleborough Paine and Leonard -- socially.
261 1766-08-21 Fine Weather -- feel well. 23
262 1766-11-03 Sett off with my Wife for Salem. Stopped 1/2 Hour att Boston cross'd the Ferry and at 3 O Clock arrived at Hill's the Tavern in Malden the Sign of the rising Eagle at the Brook near Mr. Emmersons [Emerson's] Meeting House 5 Miles from Norwoods where vizt. at Hills we dined. Here we fell in Company with Kent and Sewal. We all oated at Martins where we found the new Sherriff of Essex Coll. Saltonstal. We all rode into Town together. Arrived at my dear Brother Cranches about 8 and drank Tea and are all very happy. Sat and heard the Ladies talk about Ribbon Catgut and Paris net Riding hoods Cloth Silk and Lace. -- Brother Cranch came Home and a very happy Evening we had. Cranch is now in a good Situation for Business near the Court House and Mr. Bernards [Barnard's] Meeting house and on the Road to Marblehead -- his House fronting the Wharffs the Harbour and Shipping has a fine Prospect before it.
263 1766-11-04 At this Court I also saw a young Gentleman lately sworn in the Inferiour Court whose Name is Samuel Porter he lived with Mr. Farnham took his 2d. Degree last Year and lives at Ipswich. Thus every County of the Province Swarms with Pupils and students and young Practicers of Law.
264 1766-11-05 Spent the Evening at Mr. Pynchons with Farnham Sewal Sergeant Coll. Saltonstall &c. very agreably. Punch Wine bread and Cheese Apples Pipes and Tobacco. Popes and Bonfires this Evening at Salem and a Swarm of tumultuous People attending them.
265 1766-11-06 Drank Tea at Mrs. Kneelands. Got Home before 8 o Clock.
266 1766-11-07 Afternoon went to Major Crosbeys to see him execute a Codicil to his Will. The old Gentleman is very desirous that the Province should comply with the [King's] Recommendation to make up the Damages to the sufferers. 27
267 1766-11-08 This Morning I asked John Clark some Questions about it. He thinks if the King has requested it it will be difficult to refuse it but yet it will be hard upon us to pay it.
268 1766-11-09 Fine Weather Yet. Heard Mr. Penniman all Day. Spent Evening with Dr. Savil.
269 1766-11-10 Rain. Kill'd Cow. Read chiefly in the American Gazeteers which are a very valuable Magazine of american Knowledge. 28
270 1766-11-11 After all this which was born without a Murmur does it not exceed all Credibility that this same Governor should meet the two Houses and open the Session with a Speech -- a Speech! -- a Speech! I want Words to express my Sentiments of this Speech! 31
271 1766-12-08 Nat Clap. These Town Meeting Laws are the most awful Things and the Town of Boston ought to be stigmatized for setting the Example. 32
272 1766-12-23 But what will be the Consequences of this Deputation? -- and what were the Causes of it? My Brothers Disregard and neglect of the office and his Neglect to pay Greenleaf were the Causes.
273 1766-12-24 Thus I believe that it appears to all who consider the Matter that almost all the People whether better or worse are of one Mind about the Governor and absolutely hate him and despize him -- let Phylanthrop say what he will. And indeed I have very good Reasons to think that Phylanthrop lyed when he said that the better sort had taken no Offence and absolutely endeavoured to impose a palpable falshood upon the Public. 39
274 1766-12-31 This Soliloquy satisfy'd me! The whole Mystery was unriddled -- all Phylanthrops facts Anecdotes Reasonings Vapourings all that he has said done or wrote or can say do or write is answered at once. There is no further occasion for scribling &c. nor for me to write any Thing more but the Name of [ ] Misanthrop.
275 1766-12-32 Copy of his Petition last June was 12 months for a salary as Lieutenant Governor. It is in the Journal sent down together with a Message from the Governor 12 day of June A.D. 1765 Wednesday. Considered Fryday June 14. 1765 10 O clock. 44
276 1767-03-01 When I was in that Chamber of Distress I 45 felt the Meltings of Commiseration. This Office of Overseer of the Poor leads a Man into scenes of [ ] Distress and is a continual Exercise of the benevolent Principles in his Mind. His Compassion is constantly excited and his Benevolence encreased. s 46 - 56 [ s -- no s available ] End-paper [ -- ] End-paper [ -- ] End-paper [ -- ] End-paper [ -- ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
277 1767-04-08 Proceeded without Baiting to Jacobs's where I dined. Lodged at Howlands. Rode next day baited at Ellis's dined at Newcombs and proceeded to Barnstable lodged at Howes's and feel myself much better than I did when I came from Home. But I have had a very wet cold dirty disagreable journey of it. -- Now I am on the stage and the scene is soon to open what Part shall I act? -- The People of the County I find are of opinion that Cotton will worry Nye. But Nye must come off with flying Colours. 5
278 1767-05-17 Spent the Evening at Mr. Hoveys with Deacon Foster and Dr. Thomas. The Deacon was very silent. The Dr. pretty sociable.
279 1767-05-18 Cushing at Barnstable said to me -- happy is he whom other Mer Errors render wise. -- Otis by getting into the general Court has lost his Business. -- Felix quem faciunt aliena Pericula cautum -- other Mens Dangers Errors Miscarriages Mistakes Misfortunes. 9 [ -- ] s 10 -32 [ s -- no s available ] [ s 16-32 have not been cut. ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
280 1768-01-30 I am certain however that the Course I pursue will neither lead me to Fame Fortune Power 2 Nor to the Service of my Friends Clients or Country. What Plan of Study Reading or Reflection or Business can be pursued by a Man who is now at Pownalborough then at Marthas Vineyard next at Boston then at Taunton presently at Barnstable then at [ ] [ ] Concord now at Salem then at Cambridge and afterwards at Worcester. Now at Sessions then at Pleas now in Admiralty now at Superiour Court then in the Gallery of the House. What a Dissipation must this be? Is it possible to pursue a regular Train of Thinking in this desultory Life? -- By no Means. -- It is a Life of Here and every where to use the Expression that is applyed to Othello by Desdemona's Father. Here and there and every where a rambling roving vagrant vagabond Life. A wandering Life. At Meins Book store at Bowes's Shop at Danas House at Fitches Otis's office and the Clerks office in the Court Chamber in the Gallery at my own Fire I am thinking on the same Plan. 3 [ -- ] 4 [ -- ] 5
281 1769-08-10 What shall I do with 2 Clerks at a Time? And what will the Bar and the World say? As to the last I am little solicitous but my own Honour Reputation and Conscience are concerned in doing my best for their Education and Advancement in the World. For their Advancement I can do little for their Education much if I am not wanting to myself and them.
282 1769-08-11 Spent the Evening at Mr. Wm. Coopers the Dr. came in and was very social. He came from a Meeting of the Overseers of the Colledge at Cambridge which was called to advise the Corporation to proceed to the Choice of a President. 6
283 1769-08-12 Dined at Mr. Isaac Smiths and in the Evening went to Braintree.
284 1769-08-13 This Mr. Fisk and his Sister Madam Marsh the former born in the very Month of the Revolution under Sir Edmund Andros and the latter 10 Years before that made a very venerable Appearance.
285 1769-08-14 Jealousies arise from little Causes and many might suspect that I was not hearty in the Cause if I had been absent whereas none of them are more sincere and stedfast than I am.
286 1769-08-15 Rode to Taunton 16 miles before 9 O Clock tho I stopped and breakfasted at Haywards in Easton 9 miles from Taunton. Spent all the Leisure moments I could snatch in Reading a Debate in Parliament in 1744 upon a Motion to inquire into the Conduct of Admiral Mathews and Vice Admiral Lestock in the Mediterranean when they had and neglected so fine an Opportunity of destroying the combined Fleets of France and Spain off Toulon. 9
287 1769-09-02 Dined at Mr. Smiths. Heard that Messrs. Otis and Adams went Yesterday to Concert Hall and there had each of them a Conference with each of the Commissioners and that all the Commissioners met Mr. Otis this Morning at 6 O Clock at the British Coffee House. The Cause and End of these Conferences are Subjects of much Speculation in Town.
288 1769-09-03 Heard Dr. Cooper in the forenoon Mr. Champion of Connecticutt in the Afternoon and Mr. Pemberton in the Evening at the Charity Lecture. Spent the Remainder of the Evening and supped with Mr. Otis in Company with Mr. Adams Mr. Wm. Davis and Mr. Jno. Gill. The Evening spent in preparing for the Next Days Newspaper - a curious Employment. Cooking up Paragraphs Articles Occurences &c. -- working the political Engine! Otis talks all. He grows the most talkative Man alive. No other Gentleman in Company can find a Space to put in a Word -- as Dr. Swift expressed it he leaves no Elbow Room. There is much Sense Knowledge and Spirit and Humour in his Conversation. But he grows narrative like an old Man. Abounds with Stories.
289 1769-09-04 Spent the Evening at Dr. Peckers with the Clubb. Mr. Otis introduced a Stranger a Gentleman from Georgia recommended to him by the late Speaker of the House in that Province. Otis indulged himself 10 in all his Airs. Attacked the Aldermen Inches and Pemberton for not calling a Town meeting to consider the Letters of the Governor General Commodore Commissioners Collector Comptroller &c.charged them with Timidity Haughtiness Arbitrary Dispositions and Insolence of Office. But not the least Attention did he shew to his Friend the Georgian. -- No Questions concerning his Province their Measures against the Revenue Acts their Growth Manufactures Husbandry Commerce -- No general Conversation concerning the Continental Opposition - Nothing but one continued Scene of bullying bantering reproaching and ridiculing the Select Men. -- Airs and Vapours about his Moderatorship and Membership and Cushings Speakership. -- There is no Politeness nor Delicacy no Learning nor Ingenuity no Taste or Sense in this Kind of Conversation.
290 1769-09-06 Mr. Cudworth told me on the Town house Steps that Mr. Charles Paxton the Commissioner told him this day that it was possible he might be sent with some Proscess on board a Man of War and he advised him as a friend not to attempt to take any Man from on Board the Man of War for you have no Right to and if you attempt it you'l never come away alive -- and I want to see Otis the [Deputy] Sherriff to give him the same Advice. 11 -- Cudworth told this to Otis in my Hearing and Otis went directly to Mr. Paxtons as I since hear and Mr. Paxton gave him the same Advice.
291 1769-10-19 The morning at Bracketts upon the Case of the Whale. The afternoon at the office posting Books. 12
292 1769-10-24 Dined with my Friend and Uncle Mr. Quincy and returned after Meeting to Boston. 13
293 1769-11-01 I dont think the World can furnish a more curious Collection of Characters than those that made up this Company -- Otis Kent Dana Gridley Fitch Winthrop &c. 18
294 1769-12-23 The great Question The great Questions concerning the Right of Juries in the Colonies by upon a Comparison of the 3 Statutes and concerning the Right of impressing Seamen for his Majestys Service whether with or without Warrants from the Lords of the Admiralty upon orders of the [King] in Council are very important. And as they the [ ] of Such a Pamphlet might suggest alterations in the Statutes and might possibly procure us for the future the Benefit of juries in such Cases. And the World ought to know at least the American part of it more than it does of the true foundation of Impresses if they have any. 19
295 1770-01-16 In short I never saw such an Object of Admiration Reverence Contempt and Compassion all at once as this. I fear I tremble I mourn for the Man and for his Country. Many others mourne over him with Tears in their Eyes. 20
296 1770-02-26 At Clubb this Evening Mr. Scott and Mr. Cushing gave us a most alarming Account of O [Otis]. He has been this afternoon raving Madraving vs. Father Wife Brother Sister Friend c. 24
297 1770-06-19 Rambled with Kent round Landlord Treadwells Pastures to see how our Horses fared. We found them in [ ] Grass up to their Eyes. Excellent Pastures. This Hill on which stand the Meeting House and Court House is a fine Elevation and We have here a fine Air and the pleasant Prospect of the winding River at the foot of the Hill. 25
298 1770-06-25 This Observation was echoed from some Tory who applyed it to a late Quotation of the House of Representatives. It is true Richard 2d. and H. 6. were weak and worthless Princes and their Parliaments were bold and resolute but weak Princes may arise hereafter and then there will be need of daring and determined Parliaments. The Reigns of R. 2. and H. 6 were the Reigns of Evil Councillors and Favourites and they exhibit notable Examples of the public Mischiefs arising from such Administrations and of national and parliamentary Vengeance on such wicked Minions.
299 1770-06-26 Stephens the Connecticutt Hemp Man was at my Office with Mr. Counsellor Powell and Mr. Kent. Stephens says that the whole Colony of Connecticutt has given more implicit Observance to a Letter from the Select Men of Boston than to their Bibles for some Years. And that in Consequence of it the Country is vastly happier than it was for every Family has become a little manufactory House and they raise and make within themselves many Things for which they used to run in debt to the Merchants and Traders. So that No Body is hurt but Boston and the Maritime Towns. -- I wish there was a Tax of 5s. st. on every Button from England. It would be vastly for the good of this Country c. As to all the Bustle and Bombast about Tea it has been begun by about 1/2 doz. Hollands Tea Smugglers who could not find so much Profit in their Trade since the Nine Pence was taken off in England. -- Thus He. Some Sense and some Nonsense! 26
300 1770-06-27 Took an Airing in the Chaise with my Brother Sam. Adams who returned and dined with me. He says he never looked forward in his Life never planned laid a scheme or formed a design of laying up any Thing for himself or others after him. I told him I could not say that of myself if that had been true of me you would never have seen my Face -- and I think this was true. I was necessitated to ponder in my Youth to consider of Ways and Means of raising a Subsistence food and Rayment and Books and Money to pay for my Education to the Bar. So that I must have sunk into total Contempt and Obscurity if not perished for Want if I had not planned for futurity. And it is no Damage to a young Man to learn the Art of living early if it is at the Expence of much musing and pondering and Anxiety.
301 1770-06-28 This afternoon Mr. Wm. Frobisher gave me a Narration of his Services to the Province in introducing the Manufacture of Pot ashes and Pearl ashes and of his unsuccessfull Petitions 28 to the General Court for a Compensation. He says he has suffered in his fortune by his Labours and Expences and has been instrumental of introducing and establishing the Manufacture And can obtain nothing. That �25000 st. worth of [ ] Potashes have been exported from this Town yearly for 5 Years past and more than that Quantity for the last two Years as appears by the Custom House Books and Mr. Sheaff the Collector was his Informer. That He has invented a Method of making Potashes in much greater Quantity and better Quality than heretofore has been done from the same materials without any Augmentation of Expence. That he went to Hingham and worked with Mr. Lincoln a month and has a Certificate from him [ ] to the foregoing Purpose. That his new Method seperates from the Potash a neutral Salt that is very pure and of valuable Use in medicine c. and that if his Method was adopted no Russian Potash would sell at any Markett where American was to be had. -- Thus Projectors ever restless.
302 1770-06-29 Oated my Horse and drank baume Tea at Treadwells in Ipswich where I found Brother Porter and chatted with him 1/2 Hour then rode to Rowley and lodged at Captn. Jewitts. -- Jewitt had rather the House should sit all the Year round than give up an Atom of Right or Priviledge. -- The Governor cant frighten the People with &c.
303 1770-06-30 By accidentally taking this new rout I have avoided Portsmouth and my old Friend the Governor of it. But I must make my Compliments to him as I return. It is a Duty. He is my Friend And I am his. I should have seen enough of the Pomps and Vanities and Ceremonies of that little World Portsmouth If I had gone there but Formalities and Ceremonies are an abomination in my sight. I hate them in Religion Government Science Life.
304 1770-07-01 He gives a sad Account of the Opposition and Persecution he has suffered from the Tories for his Zeal and Firmness against their Schemes. Says they i.e. the Moultons Sewalls and Lymans contrived every Way to thwart vex and distress him and have got 1000 st [sterling] from him at least but he says that Providence has seemed to frown upon them one running distracted and another &c. and has favoured him in Ways that he did not foresee.
305 1770-07-02 Got into my Chair after my Return from the old Woman rode with Elder Bradbury thro Sir William Pepperells Woods stopped and oated at Millikins and rode into Falmouth and putt up at Mr. Jonathan Webbs -- Where I found my Classmate Charles Cushing Mr. George Lyde the Collector here one Mr. Johnson and one Mr. Crocker. 34
306 1770-07-03 Rose in comfortable Health.
307 1770-07-08 This Week has been taken up in the Hurry of the Court and I have not been able to snatch a Moment to put down any Thing. The softly People where I lodge Don Webb and his Wife are the Opposites of every Thing great spirited and enterprizing. His father was a dissenting Parson and a Relation of mine a zealous Puritan and famous Preacher. This son however without the least Regard to his Education his Connections Relations Reputation or Examination into the controversy turns about and goes to Church merely because an handfull of young foolish fellows here took it into their Heads to go. Don never was or aimed to be any Thing at Colledge but a silent Hearer of a few Rakes and he continues to this day the same Man rather the same softly living Thing that creepeth upon the face of the Earth. He attempted Trade but failed in that -- now keeps School and takes Boarders and his Wife longs to be genteel to go to Dances Assemblies Dinners suppers &c. -- but cannot make it out for Want thereof. Such Imbicility of Genius such Poverty of Spirit such Impotence of Nerve is often accompanied with a fribbling Affectation of Politeness which is to me completely ridiculous -- green Tea if We could but get it -- Madeira Wine if I could but get it -- Collectors genteel Company Dances late suppers and Clubbs &c. &c. 35
308 1770-07-12 Thus far I humoured his Impertinence. Well now says he do you want to know my Name? Yes. My Name is Robert Jordan I belong to C ape Elizabeth and am now going round there. My forefathers came over here and settled a great many Years ago. -- After a good deal more of this harmless Impertinence he turned off and left me. -- I baited at Millikins and rode thro Saco Woods and then rode from Saco Bridge thro the Woods to Pattens after Night-many sharp steep Hills many Rocks many deep Rutts and not a Footstep of Man except in the Road. It was vastly disagreable. Lodged at Pattens.
309 1770-07-13 Stopped two Hours at Mr. Hemenways and then rode thro the Woods in excessive Heat to York dined at Woodbridges who was much elated with his new Licence and after Dinner was treating his friends some of them. Spent an Hour at Mr. Sewalls with Elder Bradbury and then went to Portsmouth crossed the Ferry after 9 O Clock and putt up at Tiltons the Sign of the Marquis of Rockingham -- a very good House. I will call no more at Stavers's. I found very good Entertainment and excellent Attendance -- a very convenient House a spacious Yard good stables and an excellent Garden full of Carrotts Beets Cabbages Onions Colliflowers &c. This Tiltons is just behind the State House.
310 1770-07-14 I fully intended to have made a long Visit to Governor Wentworth upon this Occasion. But he was unluckily gone to Wolfborough so that this Opportunity is lost. 37
311 1770-08-09 Pray excuse this the Trouble of this Letter and believe me with great Esteem and Admiration your most obedient and very huml. servant.
312 1770-08-19 Mr. Mason led us a jaunt over sharp Rocks to the Point of the Island opposite to Nantasket where in an hideous Cavern formed by a great Prominent Rock he shewed Us the Animal Plant or flower 42 a small spungy muscular Substance growing fast to the Rock in figure and feeling resembling a young Girls Breast shooting out at the Top of it a flower which shrinks in and disappears upon touching the Substance.
313 1770-08-20 Yet even this must be understood with certain Limitations for there are Times when the Cause of Religion of Government of Liberty the Interest of the present Age and of Posterity render it a necessary Duty for a Man to make known his Sentiments and Intentions boldly and publickly. So that it is difficult to establish any certain Rule to determine what Things a Man may and what he may not lawfully conceal and when. But it is no doubt clear that there are many Things which may lawfully be concealed from many Persons at certain Times and on the other Hand there are Things which at certain Times it becomes mean and selfish base and wicked to conceal from some Persons. 44
314 1770-08-22 These Gentlemen are all Valetudinarians and are taking the Northern Tour for their Health. 46
315 1770-08-23 The Consequence of this will be that the Iron Rod of Power will be stretched out vs. the poor People in every [ sentence unfinished ] 48 [ -- ] [ ] [ ]
316 1771-01-10 When the Co. [Company] 1st. came in they began to banter Blair Townsend upon his approaching Marriage which it seems is to be this Evening to one Mrs. Brimmer. [ ] Treasurer punned upon the Name. (N.B. Shenstone thanked God that his Name was obnoxious to no Pun). And We had frequent Allusions Squints and Fleers about entering in &c. among the Merchants and Widowers and Bachelors &c. 3
317 1771-02-08 Such a Plan may be of greater Extent and Duration than at first We may imagine. It might be usefull at any Time. There are in this Prov. [Province] natural Productions eno. Hemp Silk and many other Commodities might be introduced here and cultivated for Exportation. The Mulberry Tree succeeds as well in our Climate and Soil as in any.
318 1771-02-14 Dined at Mr. Hancocks with the Members Warren Church Cooper c. and Mr. Harrison and spent the whole Afternoon and drank Green Tea from Holland I hope but dont know.
319 1771-02-15 Came home and can now answer the Question. I learned nothing. The Company was agreable enough. -- Came home in great Anxiety and distress and had a most unhappy Night -- never in more misery in my whole Life -- God grant I may never see such another Night. 10
320 1771-02-16 Have had a pensive day. 11
321 1771-04-16 Yesterday I rode to Town from Braintree before 9 attended my Office till near two then dined and went over the ferry to Cambridge attended the House the whole Afternoon returned and spent the whole Evening in my Office alone -- and I spent the Time much more profitably as well as pleasantly than I should have done at Clubb. This Evening is spending the same Way. In the Evening I can be alone at my Office and no where else. I never could in my family.
322 1771-04-18 Tuesday I staid at my Office in Town Yesterday went up to Cambridge. Returned at Night to Boston and to Braintree still calm happy Braintree -- at 9. o Clock at night. This Morning cast my Eyes out to see what my Workmen had done in my Absence and rode with my Wife over to Weymouth. There we are to hear young Blake -- a pretty fellow. 3
323 1771-04-20 This mettlesome Barrister gives us the best Account of the Unanimity of the Kings Bench that I have ever heard or read. According to him it is not uncommon abilities [ ] Integrity and Temper as Mr. Burrows would perswade us but sheer fear of Lord M-d [Mansfield] the Scottish Chief which produces 4 this Miracle in the moral and intellectual World -- i.e. of 4 Judges agreeing perfectly in every Rule order and judgment for 74 Years together. 4 Men never agreed so perfectly in Sentiment for so long a Time before. 4 Clocks never struck together a thousandth Part of the Time 4 Minds never thought reasoned and judged alike before for a ten thousandth Part.
324 1771-04-21 Last night went up to Braintree and this Evening down to Boston call'd at S. Adams's and found Mr. Otis Coll. [Colonel] Warren and Dr. Warren. Otis as Steady and Social and sober as ever and more so.
325 1771-04-22 In the Morning mounted for Worcester with Pierpoint Caleb and Rob. Davis Josa. Quincy &c. Baited the Horses at Brewers and at Coll. [Colonel] Buckminsters.
326 1771-04-25 However the jury gave none. They could not Agree. 8 were for Defendants 4 for Plaintiff. 6
327 1771-05-01 This Evening at the Bar Meeting I asked and obtained the unanimous Consent of the Bar to take Mr. Elisha Thayer of Braintree Son of Captn. Ebenr. Thayer Jur. as a Clerk. How few Years are gone since this Gentleman was pleased to call me a petty Lawyer at Majr. Crosbys Court. Now [he] is soliciting me to take his Son and complementing c. 7 May 2. 1771 me with being the first Lawyer in the Province as he did in express Words tho it was but a Compliment and if sincere in him was not true but a gross Mistake nay what is more remarkable still complimenting me with his Seat in the House of Representatives as he did by assuring me in Words that if I had an Inclination to come from Braintree he would not stand in my Way. -- Such are the Mistakes we are apt to make in the Characters of Men and in our Conjectures of their future Fortune. This however is a wretched Tryumph a poor Victory a small Antagonist to defeat -- And I have very few of this Kind of Conquests to boast of. The Governor tells of a vast No. of these Changes in Sentiment concerning him -- and will be able to tell of many more.
328 1771-05-02 These are the Insults that I have exposed myself to by a very small and feeble Exertion for S. Adams to be Register of Deeds. Thus are the Friends of the People after such dangerous Efforts and such successful ones too left in the Lurch even by the People themselves. I have acted my sentiments with the Utmost Frankness at Hazard of all and the certain Loss of ten times more than it is in the Power of the People to give me for the sake of the People and now I reap nothing but Insult Ridicule and Contempt for it even from many of the People themselves. However I have not hitherto regarded Consequences to myself. I have very chearfully sacrificed my Interest and my Health and Ease and Pleasure in the service of the People. I have stood by their friends longer than they would stand by them. I have stood by the People much longer than they would stand by themselves. But I have learn'd Wisdom by Experience. I shall certainly become more retired and cautious. I shall certainly mind my own Farm and my own Office. 9
329 1771-05-03 He is a singular Man. It will be amusing to observe his Behaviour upon his Return to active Life in the Senate and at the Bar and the Influence of his Presence upon the public Councils of this Province. I was an Hour with him this Morning at his Office and there he was off his Guard and Reserve with me. I find his Sentiments are not altered and his Passions are not eradicated. The fervour of his Spirit is not abated nor the Irritability of his Nerves lessened. 11
330 1771-05-09 This Day arrived Hall from London with News of the Committment of the Mayor and Mr. Alderman Oliver to the Tower by the House of Commons. I read this Morning in the English Papers and the Political Register for April all the Proceedings against the Printers Thompson and Wheble and vs. the Mayor and Alderman Wilks and Oliver. What the Consequence will be of these Movements it is not easy to foresee or Conjecture. A Struggle a Battle so serious and determined between two such Bodies as the House and the City must produce Confusion and Carnage without the most delicate Management on both sides or the most uncommon Concurrence of Accidents. 13
331 1771-05-14 Dr. Cooper mentioned an old Proverb that an Ounce of Mother Wit is worth a Pound of Clergy. Mr. Otis mentioned another which he said conveyed the same Sentiment -- an Ounce of Prudence is worth a Pound of Wit. [ ] This produced a Dispute and the sense of the Company was that the Word Wit in the 2d. Proverb meant the faculty of suddenly raising pleasant Pictures in the Fancy but that the Phrase 14 Mother Wit in the first Proverb meant natural Parts and Clergy acquired Learning -- Book Learning. Dr. Cooper quoted another Proverb from his Negro Glasgow -- a Mouse can build an House without Timble -- and then told us another Instance of Glasgows Intellect of which I had before thought him entirely destitute. The Dr. was speaking to Glasgow about Adams Fall and the Introduction of natural and moral Evil into the World and Glasgow said they had in his Country a different Account of this matter. The Tradition was that a Dog and a Toad were to run a Race and if the Dog reached the Goal first the World was to continue innocent and happy but if the Toad should outstrip the Dog the world was to become sinfull and miserable. Every Body thought there could be no danger. But in the Midst of the Career the Dog found a bone by the Way and stopped to knaw it and while he was interrupted by his Bone the Toad constant in his Malevolence hopped on [ ] reached the Mark and spoiled the World 15
332 1771-05-15 He will certainly soon relapse into his former Condition. He trembles. His Nerves are irritable. He cannot bear Fatigue. -- Brother A. has argued so prodigiously like a Rep [Representative] that I cant help considering him as the Ghost of one -- &c. 16
333 1771-05-22 At Plymouth. Put up at Wetheralls near the County House -- lodged with Mr. Angier where we had a Chamber wholly to ourselves -- very still and retired -- very serene and happy. Mrs. Howland and her Family I hear are very much grieved and hurt and concerned about my passing by their House. But my Health is my Excuse of all my Removals. I am not strong enough to bear the Smoke and dirt and Noise of Howlands and their late Hours at night. -- Heard of the Election of Coll. Edson at Bridgwater and Coll. Gilbert of Freetown. Which proves to me that the System of the Province will be different this Year from what it was the last. The House was very near equally divided the whole of the last Session and these two Members will be able to make a ballance in favour of Timidity Cunning Artifice and Trimming. How easily the People change and give up their Friends and their Interest. 17
334 1771-05-29 General Election. Went to Boston and to Cambridge and returned to Boston at night.
335 1771-05-30 The Farmers upon Connecticutt River fat their Cattle on the very best of English Hay and Oats and Pees ground to meal. They would not digest the Corn whole so they grind their Provender. One of the great Farmers will fatten 20 Head of Cattle in a Year and it is the whole Business of one Man to take the care of em -- to feed Water and curry them. They give an Ox but little Provender at first but increase the Quantity till an Ox will eat a Peck at a Time twice a day. [ ] The County of Hampshire is the best Place to send to for Stock -- Oxen Cows Horses young Cattle of all Ages their Breed is large and excellent and store Cattle are much cheaper there than below. -- Lodged at Muns.
336 1771-05-31 A fair soft pleasant Morning. -- I believe the Peasants round about the Town of Boston are as contracted in their Views and Notions as any People in the Province. On the North Side of Charlestown Ferry their Lands are divided into little Strips and they spend the whole Year in providing for a few Cows and in carrying their Milk in Bottles over the ferry and Wheeling it about the Town of Boston. On the South Side of the Neck they raise Garden Stuff and Hay for the Market. But they have less Conversation with Travellers And 22 Strangers and therefore less Civility Knowledge &c. [ ] than Countrymen at a greater Distance. -- Turned out my Horse at Coll. Williams's Marlborough. Dined at Martins Northborough where I met with my Class Mate Wheeler of George Town the Episcopal Priest. He says the Deer in St. James's Park are as tame as Catts they will come up to you and eat any Thing out of your Hands. There is a large Number of them in the Park and it is a rare Thing to have one of them stolen or kill'd. It is transportation to do Either. So there is a Number of Swans upon the Thames none of em get killed nor any of their Eggs destroyed. Mr. Wheeler informed me that Coll. Lithgow of George Town had a Son which he designed to get me to take. He is 20 Years of Age has studied Latin with Mr. Wheeler but has never been at Colledge &c. He gives a pitifull Account of our Classmate his Brother Bayley [Bailey] and his Wife their want of CEconomy and their wretched jig &c. -- Oated and drank Tea at Furnaces lodged at Mr. Putnams in Worcester.
337 1771-06-01 This Day Mr. Putnams eldest Daughter Eleanor brought to the World her first Daughter being married to Rufus Chandler Son of Coll. John. 24
338 1771-06-02 Jno. Chandler Esqr. of Petersham came into P.s in the Evening from Boston Yesterday and gave us an Account of Mr. Otis's Conversion to Toryism. -- Adams was going on in the old Road and Otis started up and said they had gone far enough in that Way the Governor had an undoubted Right to carry the Court where he pleased and moved for a Committee to represent the Inconveniences of sitting there and moved for an Address to the Governor. He was a good Man -- the Ministers said so -- the justices said so and it must be so -- and moved to go on with Business and the House voted every Thing he moved for. -- Boston People say he is distracted. &c. 26
339 1771-06-03 Oated at Silas Hodges's in Brimfield near the baptist Meeting House. There I find they have not so much faith in the Spring. Lodged at Colburns the first House in Stafford. There I found one David Orcutt who came from Bridgwater 30 Years ago a Relation of the Orcutts in Weymouth. He I find is also a great Advocate for the Spring. He was miserable many Years with Rheumatism &c. and by means of the Spring was now a comfortable Man. The Landlord came with 28 [his] Father 30 Years ago from Roxbury. He has a farm of Zoo Acres of Land 100 under Improvement keeps near 30 Head of neat Cattle 3 Horses 50 sheep and yet offers to sell me his Place for 500 L.M.
340 1771-06-04 At Night Green call'd to his Wife come put by your Work and come in and takes his Family Bible and reads a Chapter and then makes a long Prayer of half an Hour and we all go to bed. 32
341 1771-06-05 Thus I find I shall have in the Dr. a fund of Entertainment. He is superficial enough and conceited enough and enthusiastical enough to entertain.
342 1771-06-06 Mr. Barrell confirms the Account of Mr. Otis's Behaviour in the House which Mr. Chandler gave me at Worcester. But says he cannot reconcile this to Mr. Otis's whole Conduct for a Course of Years
343 1771-06-07 I begin to grow weary of this idle romantic jaunt. I believe [it] would have been as well to have staid in my own Country and amused myself with my farm and rode to Boston every day. I shall not suddenly take such a Ramble again merely for my Health. I want to see my Wife my Children my Farm my Horse Oxen Cows Walls Fences Workmen Office Books and Clerks. I want to hear the News and Politicks of the Day. But here I am at Bissills in Windsor hearing my Landlord read a Chapter in the Kitchen and go to Prayers with his Family in the genuine Tone of a Puritan.
344 1771-06-08 Looking into the Almanac I am startled. S [Superior] C [Court] Ipswich is the 18th. day of June. I thought it a Week later 25. So that I have only next Week to go home 150 Miles. I must improve every Moment. It is 25 miles a day if I ride every day next Week.
345 1771-06-09 Landlady has an only Son Nat. Shaylor and she is very fond and very proud of him. He lived with a Merchant -- is now 25 or 26 and contents himself still to keep that Merchants Books without any Inclination to set up for himself. Is a great Proficient in Musick. Plays upon the Flute Fife Harpsicord Spinnett &c. Associates with the Young and the Gay and is a very fine Connecticutt young Gentleman. Oh the Misery the Misfortune the Ruin of being an only Son! I thank my God that I was not and I devoutly pray that none of mine may ever be!
346 1771-06-10 Took my Departure from Middleton homewards the same Way I went down. Very hot. Oated at Hartford and reached Bissills of Winser 23 Miles before Dinner just as they had got their Indian pudding and their Pork and Greens upon the Table one quarter after 12. After Dinner attempted to cutt off an Angle by striking over by Goshen i.e. Ellington to Kibbys at Somers but lost my Way and got bewildered among Woods and cross Paths and after riding 10 Miles to no Purpose returned to Bissells and took the old Rout to Enfield excessive hot. Lodged at Peases. But passed a very restless uncomfortable Night. Overcome with Fatigue and inflamed with Heat I could not sleep. And my Meditations on my Pillow were unhappy. 47
347 1771-06-11 Rode to Kibbys at Somers but got caught in the Rain -- very heavy plentifull Showers -- I was much wet. Thus I have hitherto had not very good Luck upon my homeward bound Voyage. Dined at Kibbys and then rode over the Mountain to Stafford went to the Spring and drank of the Waters with a Gentleman from New Jersey who was there with a Servant. Dr. McKinstry was gone to Brookfield to accompany Mr. Barrell so far in his Way home.
348 1771-06-12 I have had a naked barren journey. My Brains have been as barren the whole Time as a sandy Plain or a gravelly Nole. My Soul has been starved. Came off just when Company 48 began to collect. This Week and the next would have brought together a curious Collection of Characters from all Parts of New England and some perhaps from the Southern Provinces and some from the W. Indies.
349 1771-06-13 Read this days Paper. The melodious Harmony the perfect Concords the entire Confidence and Affection that seems to be restored greatly surprizes me. Will it be lasting. I believe there is no Man in so curious a Situation as I am. I am for what I can see quite left alone in the World. 52
350 1771-06-14 A fine Morning. 53 [ -- ] s 54 - 58 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
351 1771-06-17 In this eloquent Strain of Grief did he run on. Millions of Thoughts did this Conversation occasion me. I thought I should have had no Sleep all night -- however I got to sleep and slept well.
352 1771-06-18 Rode with Mr. Barrell to Ipswich and put up at Treadwells. Every Object recalls the Subject of Grief. Barrell all the Way to Ipswich was like the Turtle bemoaning the Loss of his Mate. Fine Season and beautifull Scenes but they did not charm him as they used to. He had often rode this Way a Courting with infinite Pleasure c. I cant reallize that she has left me forever. When she was well I often thought I could reallize the Loss of her but I was mistaken. I had no Idea of it. -- In short this Mans Mournings have melted and softened me beyond Measure. 5
353 1771-06-22 I went this Evening spent an Hour and took a Pipe with Judge Trowbridge at his Lodgings. He says you will never get your Health till your Mind is at ease. If you tire yourself with Business but especially with Politicks you wont get well I said I dont meddle with Politicks nor think about em. -- Except says he by Writing in the Papers.-- I'le be sworn says I I have not wrote one Line in a Newspaper these two Years &c. -- The Judge says he had an Hint that Foster 7 Hutchinson was appointed judge because of the judgment of the Court in the Case of Spear vs. Keen. The Merchants took the Alarm and said that instead of Lawyers they ought to have Merchants upon the Bench and Mr. Hutchinson being both a Lawyer and a Merchant he was the Man vs. the Governors Determination a little time before. -- But this is one Instance among 1000 of the Governors Disguise before those that he induces to believe has his entire familiarity and Confidence. He made Mr. Goffe understand he intended to make Worthington or some other Lawyer a judge when he fully designed to make his Brother not indeed to please the Merchants or because Foster was a Merchant but because he was his Brother and that the family might have a Majority in that Court. He is impenetrable to those who dont desire to reach any Imperfection in him and who are determined not to fathom him where they may. The Bigotted the Superstitious the Enthusiastical the Tools the Interested the Timid are all dazzled with his Glare and cant see clearly when he is in the Horizon.
354 1771-06-23 In the Morning my Horse was gone. Went to Meeting all day and heard old Mr. Rogers -- a good well meaning man I believe. After Meeting rode to Newbury and visited Brother Lowell Brother Farnham and then went and supped with Mr. Jonathan Jackson in Company with Capt. Tracy Mr. Hooper Mr. Williams Mr. Frasier and Brother Lowell. Then went and lodged with Lowell. 8
355 1771-06-24 After Dinner rode to York and put up at Ritchies with Lowell and Bradbury.
356 1771-06-25 If I can so fence and secure Deacon Belchers and Lt. Belchers Orchards as not to feed them at all in the Fall Winter nor Spring I could get a fine Crop of English Hay from thence. But I must keep up my Fences all Winter to keep off my Neighbours Creatures Hogs Horses Oxen Cows and Sheep.
357 1771-06-26 Yesterday I had a good deal of Conversation with Judge Trowbridge. He seems alarmed about the Powers of the Court of Probate. He says if Judge Danforth was to die Tomorrow and the Governor was to offer that Place to him he would not take it because he thinks it ought always to be given to some Judge of the Inferiour Court and then some one Lawyer might be found in each County who would take a Seat upon the Inferiour Bench if he could be made a Judge of Probate at the same Time. He says he is utterly against Foster Hutchinsons holding the Probate Office in Boston if he takes his Place upon the Superior Bench -- and if the Governor is an integral Part of the Court of Probate the Supreme ordinary i.e. if he is not with the Members of the Council only Primus inter Pares but has a Negative upon all their Decrees as Governor Shirley Govr. Bernard and the late Secretary were of Opinion he thinks we may be 12 in great Danger from the Court of Probate and Judge Russell always opposed every Attempt to extend the Power of the Court of Probate. -- He used to say We might have Bishops here and the Court of Probate might get into their Hands and therefore We ought to be upon our Guard.
358 1771-06-28 Sparhawk mentioned the Intrepidity of Sam Adams a Man he says of great Sensibility of tender Nerves and harrased dependant in their Power. Yet he had born up against all-it must have penetrated him very deeply &c. 14
359 1771-07-02 Saw Mr. Simmons at Court a Gentleman from England who has been at Falmouth a No. of [years] as a Factor for several Merchants in England purchasing Deals. 18
360 1771-07-04 Spent the Evening with the Barr at Shattucks the Tavern in high Spirits. Agreed unanimously to recommend Tim. Langdon to be sworn. All in good Spirits very chearfull and chatty -- many good stories &c. This day Argued the Cause of Freeman and Child a Suit for 10 Penalty for taking greater Fees in the Custom House than those allowed by the Province Law.
361 1771-07-05 Cadwallader Ford came to me this Morning and congratulated me on the Verdict for Freeman. -- Sir says he I shall think myself forever obliged to you for the Patriotick manner in which you conducted that Cause. You have obtained great Honour in this County by that Speech. I never heard a better &c. -- All this is from old Cadwallader. Langdon told me that a Man came running down when I had done speaking and said That Mr. Adams has been making the finest Speech I ever heard in my Life. He's equall to the greatest orator that ever spoke in Greece or Rome. -- What an Advantage it is to have the Passions Prejudices and Interests of the whole Audience in a Mans Favour. 19 These will convert plain common Sense into profound Wisdom nay wretched Doggerell into sublime Heroics. This Cause was really and in truth and without [ ] Partiality or Affectation of Modesty very indifferently argued by me. But I have often been surprized with Claps and Plauditts and Hosannas when I have spoke but indifferently and as often met with Inattention and Neglect when I have thought I spoke very well. -- How vain and empty is Breath!
362 1771-07-21 Tuesday went to Boston with my Wife and the next day to Commencement at Cambridge was only at 3 Chambers -- Palmers Frenches and Rogers's.
363 1771-07-22 I would not however conclude peremptorily against sending Sons or Daughters to dancing or Fencing or Musick but had much rather they should be ignorant of em all than fond of any one of em. 52
364 1771-07-23 The Indian Preacher cryed good God! -- that ever Adam and Eve should eat that Apple when they knew in their own Souls it would make good Cyder. 53
365 1771-07-24 Dined at home i.e. at my Brother Smiths with one Payson a Man who now lives at Milton where Coll. [ ] Gooch lived and who married a Sister of David Wyers Wife. He had an Horse to sell part English Bred of Brig. Ruggles's raising-a young Horse very firm and strong-good in a Chaise &c. We tryed him in a Saddle and in a Chaise too. Brother bought him. Spent the Evening at S. Quincys with Deacon Storer and J. F. and H. Green about their Cases in Consultation.
366 1771-07-25 Both these Days spent in the Tryal of Mr. Otis's Case vs. Mr. Robinson.
367 1771-07-27 The Subject of the Governors Independency is a serious and momentous Thing a dangerous and momentous Thing. It deserves the utmost Attention. 54 [ -- ] 55
368 1771-08-09 J.Q. says Mr. O [Otis] was quite wild at the Bar Meeting-cursed the Servants for not putting 4 Candles on the Table swore he could yet afford to have 4 upon his own-- &c. -- c. 57
369 1771-08-13 This Evening The Commissary and Speaker and Speaker and Commissary Mr. Cushing was present. The Clerk of the House Mr. Adams Mr. Otis Mr. John Pitts Dr. Warren Mr. Molineux Mr. Josa. Quincy and myself were present.
370 1771-08-14 Slept last Night at Mr. Cranches arose about Sunrise and repaired to my Office. A fine sweet Morning fresh Morning. 58
371 1771-08-20 At the Office.
372 1771-08-22 At the Office. Mr. Otis's Gestures and Motions are very whimsical his Imagination is disturbed-his Passions all roiled. His Servant he orders to bring up his Horse and to hold him by the Head at the Stone of his Door an Hour before He is ready to mount. Then he runs into one Door and out at another and Window &c. &c. &c. 59
373 1771-11-05 It is the delight of this Kents Heart to teaze a Minister or Deacon with his wild Conceits about Religion.
374 1771-11-09 Drank Tea at Judge Ropes's. Spent the Evening at Colonel Pickmans. He is very sprightly sensible and entertaining. Talks a great deal. Tells old Stories in abundance -- about the Witcraft [Witchcraft] -- Paper Money -- Governor Belchers Administration &c.
375 1771-11-10 Kent brought with him Utopia or the happy Republic a Philosophical Romance by Sir Thos. More translated by Bp. Burnet. There is a sensible Preface by the Translator prefixed and some Testimonies concerning More by great and learned Men of different Nations and Religions. Cardinal Pool [Pole] Erasmus Jo. Cochleus Paulus jovius Jo. Rivius Charles 5. &c. The Translation I think is better than mine which is by another Hand. The Romance is very elegant and ingenious-the fruit of a benevolent and candid Heart a learned and strong Mind. The good Humour Hospitality Humanity and Wisdom of the Utopians is charming-their Elegance and Taste is engaging -- their freedom from Avarice and foppery and Vanity is admirable. 62 [ -- ] 63
376 1772-02-02 Edwards is ballancing in his Mind the several Professions in order to choose one. Is at a Loss between Divinity and Law but his Inclination is to the latter. Asked me to take him. I only answered there were such Swarms of young ones that there was no Encouragement.
377 1772-02-04 My Brother seems to relish the Thought of a Commission and if Rawson and Bass resign I hope he will have one-under Billings.
378 1772-02-10 Went to Boston to the Court of Admiralty and returned at Night. I went upon the first Appeal that has been yet made and prosecuted before Judge Auchmuty and as it is a new Thing the Judge has directed an Argument and a Search of Books concerning the Nature of Appeals by the civil Law. I found Time to look into Calvins Lexicon Title Appellatio and Provocatio and into Maranta who has treated largely of Appeals. Borrowed Ayliff but there is no Table and could find nothing about the Subject. Domat I could not find. 73
379 1772-06-30 Have spent my idle Time in reading my Clasmate Heminways Vindication of the Power Obligation and Encouragement of the unregenerate to attend the Means of Grace -- and The clandestine Marriage by Colman and Garrick.
380 1772-09-22 This [is] the last Training Day for the Year -- have been out to view the Regiment the Cadets the Grenadiers the Train &c. -- a great Show indeed. 103 Epitaph. Algernon Sidney fills this Tomb An Atheist for disdaining Rome A Rebel bold for striving still To keep the Laws above the Will Of Heaven he sure must needs despair If holy Pope be turnkey there And Hell him ne'er will entertain For there is all Tyrannick Reign Where goes he then? Where he ought to go. Where Pope nor Devil have to do.
381 1772-10-05 Rode to Plymouth with my Sister Miss Betsy Smith. Most agreably entertained at the House of Coll. Warren. The Colonel his Lady and Family are all agreable. They have 5 Sons James now at Colledge Winslow Charles Henry and George-5 fine Boys. 104
382 1772-10-06 At Taunton. This Week has been a remarkable one. 105
383 1772-10-19 The Day of the Month reminds me of my Birth day which will be on the 30th. I was born Octr. 19. 1735. Thirty Seven Years more than half the Life of Man are run out. -- What an Atom an Animalcule I am!-The Remainder of my Days I shall rather decline in Sense Spirit and Activity. My Season for acquiring Knowledge is past. And Yet I have my own and my Childrens Fortunes to make. My boyish Habits and Airs are not yet worn off. 106
384 1772-10-27 Trowbridge thought there never was a Time when every Thing was so out of joint. Our general Court gave 110 Cushing for a fortnights Work as much as the Judges for a Years. The Ministry gave 600 a Year to the Admiralty Judges for doing no more Business than the Superior Court did in one Term tho the latter had a Controul over the former. For his Part he could not look upon it in any other Light than as an Affront. This is nearly the same that he said to Coll. Warren. Attended Court all Day dined with the Judges &c. at Bradishes. Brattle was there and was chatty. Fitch came in blustering when Dinner was half over. [ [ 4] for entry dated November 21 1772. ] 111
385 1772-11-21 When I chance to meet with any of my own Compositions of Ten Years old I am much inclined to think I could write with more Accuracy and Elegance then than I can now and that I had more Sense and Knowledge then than I have now. My Memory and Fancy were certainly better then and my judgment [ ] I conjecture quite as good. [ -- ] [ -- ]
387 1772-11-27 My Workmen have this day loaded my Brothers Boat with Horse dung from Bracketts stable. This is the 3d. Freight -- the first was 15 Load the second 12 and this last 11 in all 38 Loads. s 114 - 120 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
388 1772-12-16 Brother Elihu 10 Cords and 6 feet of Wood bought of Crane 6 brought by Bracket 5 12 1 2
389 1772-12-20 In the Afternoon Dr. Cooper sounded harmoniously upon the deceitfullness of Sin. The Drs. Air and Action are not gracefull -- they are not natural and easy. His Motions with his Head Body and Hands are a little stiff and affected. His Style is not simple enough for the Pulpit. It is too flowery too figurative -- his Periods too much or rather too apparently rounded and laboured. -- This however Sub Rosa because the Dr. passes for a Master of Composition and is an excellent Man. 3
390 1772-12-23 My Wife says her Father never inculcated any Maxim of Behaviour upon his Children so often as this -- never to speak ill of any Body. To say all the handsome Things she could of Persons but no Evil -- and to make Things rather than Persons the Subjects of Conversation. These Rules he always impressed upon Us whenever We were going abroad if it was but to spend an Afternoon. -- He was always remarkable for observing these Rules in his own Conversation. -- Her Grandfather Quincy was remarkable for never praising any Body He did not often speak evil but he seldom spoke well. 4
391 1772-12-24 This Day I heard that Mr. Hancock had purchased 20 Writs of Mr. Goldthwait for this Court of Mr. S. Quincy. -- Oh the Mutability of the legal commercial social political as well as material World! For about 3 or 4 Years I have done all Mr. Hancocks Business and have waded through wearisome anxious Days and Nights in his Defence. But Farewell!
392 1772-12-28 The high Commission Court the Star Chamber Court the Court of Inquisition for the Tryal of the Burners of the Gaspee at Rhode Island are the present Topick of Conversation. The Governor of that Colony has communicated to the assembly a Letter from the Earl of Dartmouth. The Colony are in great Distress and have applied to their Neighbours for Advice how to evade or to sustain the Shock. 6
393 1772-12-29 The Gentlemen then desired that I would keep this a Secret and departed.
394 1772-12-30 Mr. Adams corresponds with Hawley Gerry and others. He corresponds in England and in several of the other Provinces. His Time is all employed in the public Service.
395 1772-12-31 A Character can never [be] supported if it can be raised without a good a great Share of Self Government. Such Flights of Passion such Starts of Imagination tho they may strike a few of the fiery and inconsiderate yet they lower they sink a Man with the Wise. They expose him to danger as well as familiarity Contempt and Ridicule. 11
396 1773-01-01 Brattle has published a Narration of the Proceedings of the Town of Cambridge at their late Meeting and he has endeavoured to deceive the World. 13
397 1773-03-04 My own Determination had been to decline all Invitations to public Affairs and Enquiries but Brattles rude indecent and unmeaning Challenge of me in Particular laid me under peculiar Obligations to undeceive the People and changed my Resolution. I hope that some good will come out of it. -- God knows. 16
398 1773-03-05 This however is no Reason why the Town should not call the Action of that Night a Massacre nor against is it any Argument in favour of the Governor or Minister who caused them to be sent here. But it is the strongest of Proofs of the Danger of standing Armies. 17
399 1773-03-22 The Secrecy of these epistolary Genii is very remarkable -- profoundly secret dark and deep. 18
400 1773-04-07 What News shall we hear?
401 1773-04-24 My Men at Braintree have been building me a Wall this Week against my Meadow. This is all the Gain that I make by my Farm to repay me my great Expence. I get my Land better secured -- and manured.
402 1773-04-25 Heard Dr. Chauncy in the Morning and Dr. Cooper this Afternoon. Dr. Cooper was up Rev. 12.9. And the great Dragon was cast out that old Serpent called the Devil and Satan which deceiveth the whole World: he was cast out into the Earth and his Angells were cast out with him. Q. Whether the Dr. had not some political Allusions in the Choice of this Text. 20
403 1773-05-25 After I got home my Wife surprized me. She had been to Justice Quincys. Mr. Hancock came in and gave before a large Company of both Sexes to Mr. Cooper a particular Account of all the Plans of Operation 23 for tomorrow which he and many others had been concerting. Cooper no doubt carried it directly to Brattle or at least to his Son Thomas. Such a leaky Vessell is this worthy Gentleman.
404 1773-06-08 Parson Turners Sermon the spirited Election Parson Haywards Artillery sermon the 17 Letters Dr. Shipleys sermon the Bp. of St. Asaph before the Society for propagating the Gospell discover the Times to be altered. before the But how long will the Tides continue to set this Way? 24
405 1773-07-15 Drank Tea at Dr. Coopers with Mr. Adams Mr. S. Elliot Mr. T. Chase and with Mr. Miffling [Mifflin] of Phyladelphia and a French Gentleman. Mr. Miffling is a Grandson his Mother was the Daughter of Mr. Bagnall of this Town who was buried the day before Yesterday. Mr. Miffling is a Representative of the City of Phyladelphia - a very sensible and agreable Man. Their Accademy emits from 9 to 14. Graduates annually. Their Grammar School has from 90 to 100 schollars in all. Mr. Miffling is an easy Speaker - and a very correct Speaker.
406 1773-07-16 Spent the Evening with Cushing Adams Pemberton and Swift at Wheelwrights - no body very chatty but Pemberton.
407 1773-08-23 In the Evening I waited on my Wife there and found Mr. Linch and his Lady and Daughter Mr. Smith his Lady and Daughter and Miss Nabby Taylor -- and a very agreable Evening we had. Mr. Linch is a solid sensible tho a plain Man -- an hearty friend to America and her righteous Cause. His Lady has the Behaviour and Appearance of a very worthy Woman and the Daughter seems to be worthy of such Parents. 27
408 1773-08-30 Mr. Lynch still maintains the Character. Coll. Howorth attracted no Attention untill he discovered his Antipathy to a catt. 28
409 1773-12-17 Spent the Evening with Cushing Pemberton and Swift at Wheelwrights. Cushing gave us an Account of Bollans Letters -- of the Quantity of Tea the East India Company had on Hand -- 4000000 weight that is Seven Years Consumption -- two Millions Weight in America.
410 1773-12-18 J. Quincy met me this Morning and after him Kent and told me that the Governor said Yesterday in Council that the People had been guilty of High Treason and that he would bring the Attorney General on Monday to convince them that it was so -- and that Hancock said he was for having a Body Meeting to take off that Brother in Law of his. 31 [ -- ] s 32 - 48 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
411 1774-02-28 The North Common Pasture has a numerous Growth of Red Cedars upon it perhaps 1000 which in 20 years if properly pruned may be worth a Shilling each. It is well walled in all round. The Prunings of those Cedars will make good Browse for my Cattle in Winter and good fuel when the Cattle have picked off all they will eat. There is a Quantity of good Stone in it too. 3
412 1774-03-02 About 9 at Night I step'd over the Way and took a Pipe with Justice Quincy and a Mr. Wendel of Portsmouth. Mr. Wendell seems a Man of Sense and Education 5 and not ill affected to the public Cause.
413 1774-03-05 The Happiness of the Family where I dined upon account of the Colls. justly applauded Oration was complete. The Justice and his Daughters were all joyous. 6
414 1774-03-06 Neighbour Quincy spent the Evening with me.
415 1774-03-07 This Evening there has been an Exhibition in Kingstreet of the Portraits of the soldiers and the Massacre -- and of H --n and C. J. Oliver in the Horrors -- reminded of the Fate of Empson and 8 Dudley whose Trunks were exposed with their Heads off and the Blood fresh streaming after the Ax.
416 1774-03-08 Last Night 28 Chests and an half of Tea were drowned.
417 1774-03-09 This day the General Court prorogued in Anger by the Governor. 9
418 1774-03-11 The Right of private judgment and the Liberty of Conscience was claimed by the Papists and allowed them in the reign of James 2d.But has been prohibited by Law ever since. The Advocates for the Administration now in America claim the Right of private judgment to overthrow the Constitution of this Province the Priviledges of all America and british Liberties into the Bargain -- sed Non allocatur.
419 1774-03-12 The same Spirit spreads like a Contagion into all the other Colonies into Ireland and into Great Britain too from this single Province of Mass. Bay that no Pains are too great to be taken no Hazards too great to be run for the Destruction of our Charter.
420 1774-03-13 Heard Mr. Lothrop [Lathrop] in the Forenoon and Dr. Cooper in the Afternoon. Last evening justice Pemberton spent with me. He says that Moses Gill has made many justices by lending Money. 12
421 1774-03-28 Rode with Brother Josiah Quincy to Ipswich Court. Arrived at Piemonts in Danvers in good order and well conditioned. Spent the evening and lodged agreably. Walked out in the Morning to hear the Birds sing. Piemont says there is a Report that the Sons of Liberty have received some Advices from England which makes them look down -- that they have received a Letter from Mr. Bollan that they must submit -- and other Letters which they keep secret.
422 1774-03-29 At a Meeting of the Bar a Doubt of Brother Lowell was mentioned upon the Law of the Prov [Province] [ ] for the Relief of poor Prisoners for Debt. Questions were asked whether appealing an Action was not fraud whether trading without insuring was not fraud &c. A Question also about the Duty of the Sheriff? Whether a Party Plaintiff could controul the Kings Precept &c. by ordering the Sheriff not to serve it &c. Mr. Wetmore was agreed to be recommended for the Oath &c. 14
423 1774-03-30 A dull Day. My Head is empty but my Heart is full. I am wanted at my Office but not wanted here. There is Business there but none here. My Wife perhaps wants to see me. I am anxious about her. I cannot get the Thoughts of her State of Health out of my Mind. I think she must remove to Braintree -- and I and the Family at least for the Season.
424 1774-03-31 Franklin Lee Chatham Campden [Camden] Grenville and Shelburne Hilsborough Dartmouth Whately Hutchinson Oliver J [Judge] Oliver Barnard [Bernard] Paxton Otis Thatcher Adams Mayhew Hancock Cushing Phillips Hawley Warren with many other Figures would make up the Groope. 15 [ -- see ] 16 [ -- see ] 17 [ -- see ] 18
425 1774-06-20 I will keep an exact Jounal of my journey as well as a Journal of the Proceedings of the Congress.
426 1774-06-25 Should the Opposition be suppressed should this Country submit what Infamy and Ruin! God forbid. Death in any Form is less terrible. 23 [ -- ] s 24 - 40 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
427 1774-08-15 We went up the Steeple of Weathersfield Meeting House from whence is the most grand and beautifull Prospect in the World at least that I ever saw. Then We rode to Middleton and lodged at Bigelows. There Mr. Hobby and another Gentleman came to see us. 3
428 1774-08-16 The Numbers of Gentlemen who have waited on Us from Hartford to this Place the Heat of the Weather and the shortness of the Time have made it impossible for me to learn the Names. 5
429 1774-08-17 This Afternoon and Evening We had a plentifull Rain. 7
430 1774-08-18 After noon We rode to Quintards of Norwalk where we are to put up having rode 36 Miles and having 50 Miles to N. York.
431 1774-08-19 Rode to Fitch's of Stamford where we breakfasted. Rode to Havilands of Rye the first Town in the Province of N. York. The Barber says that Religion dont flourish in this Town. The congregational Society have no Minister. The Church minister has 45 from the Society. They have a School for Writing and Cyphering but no Grammar School. There is no Law of this Province that requires a Minister or school Master.
432 1774-08-20 In our Walks they shewed us the House of Mr. William Smith one of their Council and the famous Lawyer -- Mr. Thomas Smith &c. Mr. Rivington's Store &c. 12
433 1774-08-21 We then went to Mr. David Vanhorns who sent his Compliments to Mr. McDougal and requested him to introduce Us to his House as he was sick and unable to come out. He seems well affected to the public Cause and speaks very sensibly about it.
434 1774-08-22 P. V. Livingston is a sensible Man and a Gentleman -- he has been in Trade is rich and now lives upon his Income. Phill. Livingston is a great rough rappid Mortal. There is no holding any Conversation with him. He blusters away. Says if England should turn us adrift we should instantly go to civil Wars among ourselves to determine which Colony should govern all the rest. Seems to dread N. England -- the Levelling Spirit &c. Hints were thrown out of the Goths and Vandalls -- mention was made of our hanging the Quakers c. I told him the very Existence of the Colony was at that Time at Stake -- surrounded with Indians at War against whom they could not have defended the Colony if the Quakers had been permitted to go on.
435 1774-08-23 With all the Opulence and Splendor of this City there is very little good Breeding to be found. We have been treated with an assiduous Respect. But I have not seen one real Gentleman one well bred Man since I came to Town. At their Entertainments there is no Conversation that is agreable. There is no Modesty -- No Attention to one another. They talk very loud very fast and Altogether. If they ask you a Question before you can utter 3 Words of your Answer they will break out upon you again -- and talk away. 23
436 1774-08-24 This Day Cushing and Paine went over to Long Island to dine with Phill. Livingston. Adams and I sent our Excuse that we were not very well. It was raw and wett.
437 1774-08-25 After Dinner the Connecticutt Delegates came in. In the Evening several Gentlemen came to our Lodgings and among others Mr. Sears.
438 1774-08-26 This Morning We went to see the City Hall the Chamber where the Supream Court sitts and that where the Mayor and Recorder sit. Afterwards We went down to the new Dutch Church which is a much more elegant Building than St. Pauls -- it is the most elegant Building in the City. The Pillars are smaller than Dr. Coopers and the Pews are all painted but the Building is not so handsome. At Nine o Clock We crossed Powlus Hook Ferry to N. Jersey -- then Hackinsack Ferry then Newark Ferry and dined at Elizabeth Town. After Dinner We rode twenty miles crossed Brunswick Ferry and put up at Farmers in the City of Brunswick. That Part of the Province of New Jersey which We have passed is all upon a Level -- as fine a Road as ever was trod. Yet the Lands seem to be good. 27
439 1774-08-27 By the Account of Whitwell and Pidgeon the Government of this Colledge is very Strict and the Schollars study very hard. The President says they are all Sons of Liberty.
440 1774-08-28 Smith he says is the oracle of New York for Chamber Council. Scott is a Character very much like that of old Mr. Auchmuty. Set up all Night at his Bottle. 31 Yet argue to Admiration next Day. An admirable Speaker according to him. Duane is a plodding Body but has a very effeminate feeble Voice. He says the Virginians speak in Raptures about Richard Henry Lee and Patrick Henry -- one the Cicero and the other the Demosthenes of the Age. Jo Reed is at the Head of his Profession in Philadelphia. Fisher is next. Walln and Dickenson have retired.
441 1774-08-29 A Gentleman who returned into Town with Mr. Paine and me in our Coach undertook to caution us against two Gentlemen particularly. One was Dr. Smith the Provost of the Colledge who is looking up to Government for an American Episcopate and a Pair of lawn Sleeves. Soft polite insinuating adulating sensible learned industrious indefatigable he has had Art enough and Refinement upon Art to make Impressions even on Mr. Dickinson and Mr. Reed.
442 1774-08-30 Dr. Shippen then carried Us into his Chamber where he shewed Us a Series of Anatomical Paintings of exquisite Art. Here was a great Variety of Views of the human Body whole and in Parts. The Dr. entertained us with a very clear concise and comprehensive Lecture upon all the Parts of the human Frame. This Entertainment charmed me. He first shewed us a Set of Paintings of Bodies entire and alive -- then of others with the Skin taken off then with the first Coat of [ ] Muscles taken off then with the second then with all -- the bare bones. Then he shewed Us paintings of the Insides of a Man seen before all the Muscles of the Belly being taken off. The Heart Lungs Stomach Gutts. 36
443 1774-08-31 Mrs. Lynch enquired kindly after Mrs. Adams's Health and Mrs. Smith and family and Mr. Boylstone And Mrs. and Mr. Gill &c.
444 1774-09-01 [ ] I find that there is a Tribe of People here exactly like the Tribe in the Massachusetts of Hutchinsonian Addressers. There is indeed a Sett in every Colony. We have seen the Revolutions of their Sentiments. Their Opinions have undergone as many Changes as the Moon. At the Time of the Stamp Act and just before it they professed to be against the Parliamentary Claim of Right to tax Americans to be Friends to our Constitutions our Charter &c. Bernard was privately secretly endeavouring to procure an Alteration of our Charter. But he concealed his Designs untill his Letters were detected. Hutchinson professed to be a stanch Friend to Liberty and to our Charter untill his Letters were detected -- a great Number of good People thought him a good Man and a Sincere Friend to the Congregational Interest in Religion and to our Charter Priviledges. They went on with this machiavilian Dissimulation untill those Letters were detected -- after that they waited untill the Boston Port Bill was passed and then thinking the People must submit immediately and that Lord North would carry his whole System triumphantly they threw off the Mask. Dr. Smith Mr. Galloway Mr. Vaughan and others in this Town are now 40 just where the Hutchinsonian Faction were in the Year 1764 [1765] when We were endeavouring to obtain a Repeal of the Stamp Act.
445 1774-09-02 These Gentlemen from Virginia appear to be the most spirited and consistent of any. Harrison said he would have come on foot rather than not come. Bland said he would have gone upon this Occasion if it had been to Jericho.
446 1774-09-03 He says that George Haley is the worst Enemy to America that he knew there -- swore to him that he would stand by Government in all its Measures and was allways censuring and cursing America. 45 [ -- ] 46 [ -- ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
447 1774-09-04 Went in the Afternoon to Christ Church and heard Mr. Coombs [Coombe]. This is a more noble Building and a genteeler Congregation. The Organ and a new Choir of Singers were very musical. Mr. Coombs is celebrated here as a fine Speaker. He is sprightly has a great deal of Action speaks distinctly. But I confess I am not charmed with his oratory. His Style was indifferent his Method confused. In one Word his Composition was vastly inferiour to the ordinary Sermons of our HowHuntChaunceyCooperElliot and even Stillman. Mr. Mifflin spent the Sunday Evening with Us at our Lodgings.
448 1774-09-05 This is a Question of great Importance. -- If We vote by Colonies this Method will be liable to great Inequality and Injustice for 5 small Colonies with 100000 People in each may outvote 4 large ones each of which has 500000 Inhabitants. If We vote by the Poll some Colonies have more than their Proportion of Members and others have less. If We vote by Interests it will be attended with insuperable Difficulties to ascertain the true Importance of each Colony. -- Is the Weight of a Colony to be ascertained by the Number of Inhabitants merely -- or by the Amount of their Trade the Quantity of their Exports and Imports or by any compound Ratio of both. This will lead us into such a Field of Controversy as will greatly perplex us. Besides I question whether it is possible to ascertain at this Time the Numbers of our People or the Value of our Trade. It will not do in such a Case to take each other's Words. It ought to 4 be ascertained by authentic Evidence from Records.
449 1774-09-06 Went to congress again. Received by an express an Intimation of the Bombardment of Boston -- a confused account but an alarming one indeed. -- God grant it may not be found true.
450 1774-09-07 We had much Conversation upon the Practice of Law in our different Provinces but at last We got swallowed up in Politicks and the great Question of Parliamentary Jurisdiction. Mr. Allen asks me from whence do you derive your Laws? How do you intitle yourselves to English Priviledges? Is not Lord Mansfield on the Side of Power?
451 1774-09-08 At Evening We climbed up the Steeple of Christ Church with Mr. Reed from whence We had a clear and full View of the whole City and of Delaware River.
452 1774-09-09 Attended my Duty upon Committees. Dined at home.
453 1774-09-10 He says We never were guilty of a more Masterly Stroke of Policy than in moving that Mr. Duche might read Prayers it has had a very good Effect &c. He says the Sentiments of People here are growing more and more favourable every day.
454 1774-09-11 We drank Coffee and then Reed Cushing and I strolled to the Moravian Evening Lecture where we heard soft sweet Music and a dutchified english Prayer and Preachment. 9
455 1774-09-12 Attended my Duty on the Committee untill one O Clock and then went with my Colleagues and Messrs. Thompson and Mifflin to the Falls of Schuylkill and viewed the Museum at Fort St. Davids a great Collection of Curiosities. Returned and dined with Mr. Dickinson at his Seat at Fair Hill with his Lady Mrs. Thompson Miss Norris and Miss Harrison. Mr. Dickinson has a fine Seat a beautyfull Prospect of the City the River and the Country -- fine Gardens and a very grand Library. The most of his Books were collected by Mr. Norris once Speaker of the House here father of Mrs. Dickinson. Mr. Dickinson is a very modest Man and very ingenious as well as agreable. He has an excellent Heart and the Cause of his Country lies near it. He is full and clear for allowing to Parliament the Regulation of Trade upon Principles of Necessity and the mutual Interest of both Countries.
456 1774-09-13 1. and 2. Phil. and Mary. C. 10. ss. 7.
457 1774-09-14 This Day Mr. Chase introduced to us a Mr. Carrell [Carroll] of Anapolis a very sensible Gentleman a Roman catholic and of the first Fortune in America. His Income is Ten thousand Pounds sterling a Year now will be fourteen in two or 3 years they say besides his father has a vast Estate which will be his after his father.
458 1774-09-15 Dined with Mr. Wallace with a great deal of Company at a paultry elegant Feast again.
459 1774-09-17 Dined with old Mr. Smith with much Company. Visited the bettering House a large Building -- very clean neat and convenient for the Poor Viewed the Gardens &c.
460 1774-09-18 Went to Dr. Allisons Meeting in the Afternoon. 12 Heard Mr. a very ingenious Preacher of Benevolence and Humanity. Spent the Evening at home with General Lee Capt. DagworthyMr. McDougall and others. Wrote many Letters to go by Mr. Paul Revere.
461 1774-09-19 Dined with Dr. Rush in Company with Dr. Shippen and many others.Folsom and Sullivan from N. Hampshire. Mr. Blair &c. &c.
462 1774-09-20 A Question was started about the Conduct of the Bostonian Merchants since the Year 1770 in importing Tea and paying the Duty. Mr. Hancock it is said has received the Freight of many Chests of Tea. I think the Bostonian Merchants are not wholly justifiable -- yet their Conduct 13 has been exaggerated. Their fault and guilt has been magnified.Mr. Hancock I believe is justifiable but I am not certain whether he is strictly so. He owned a Ship in Partnership with Geo. Hayley who is agreed here to be a ministerial Man and Haley I suppose sent the Tea in the Ship.
463 1774-09-21 Captn. Callender came to breakfast with Us. Coll. Dagworthy and his Brother Captn. Dagworthy breakfasted with Us. Mrs. Yard entertained Us with Muffins Buck Wheat Cakes and common Toast. Buckwheat is an excellent grain and is very plenty here. -- Attended Congress from 9 to after 3. -- Rode out of Town six Miles to Mr. Hills where we dined with Mr. Hill and Lady Mr. Dickinson and his Lady Mr. Thompson and his Lady old Mr. Meredith father of Mrs. Hill Mr. Johnson of Maryland and Mr. Jo Reed.
464 1774-09-22 In the Evening General Lee and Coll. Lee and Coll. Dyer and Mr. Deane and half a Score friends from Boston came to our Lodgings. Coll. Lee staid till 12 o Clock and was very social and agreable.
465 1774-09-23 We had much Conversation about Mr. Franklin. The C. [Chief] J. [Justice] and Attorney General had much droll Chat together. 15
466 1774-09-24 Dined with Mr. Charles Thompson with only Mr. Dickenson his Lady and Niece in Company. A most delightfull Afternoon we had. Sweet Communion indeed we had -- Mr. Dickinson gave us his Thoughts and his Correspondence very freely.
467 1774-09-25 Went in the Evening to Quaker Meeting and afterwards went to Supper at Stephen Collins's.
468 1774-09-26 Dined at old Dr. Shippens with Mr. And Mrs. Blair young Dr. Shippen the Jersey Delegates and some Virginians. Afterwards went to the Hospital and heard another Lecture upon Anatomy from young Dr. Shippen.
469 1774-09-27 Dined at Mr. Bayards with Dr. CoxDr. Rush Mr. Hodge Mr. Deane Coll. Dyer.Dr. Cox gave us a Toast May the fair Dove of Liberty in this Deluge of Despotism find Rest to the Sole of her Foot in America. 16
470 1774-09-28 Dined with Mr. R. Penn. A magnificent House and a most splendid Feast and a very large Company. Mr. Dickinson and General Lee were there and Mr. Moiland [Moylan] besides a great Number of the Delegates. -- Spent the Evening at Home with Coll. Lee Coll. Washington and Dr. Shippen who came in to consult with us.
471 1774-09-29 Dined at Home with the Delegates from North Carolina and a No. of other Gentlemen.
472 1774-09-30 Dined at Mr. Jonathan Smiths -- Dr. Allison Mr. Sprout and many other Gentlemen.
473 1774-10-01 Dined with Mr. Webster. Spent the Evening with Stephen Collins. Went to see the Election at the State House.Mr. Dickinson was chosen.
474 1774-10-02 Spent the Evening at home with Mr. Macdougal Mr. Cary of Charlestown Mr. Reed and Coll. Floyd.
475 1774-10-03 Dined at home. This Day Charles Thompson and Thos. Mifflin were chosen Burgesses for this City. The Change in the Elections for this City and County is no small Event. Mr. Dickinson and Mr. Thompson now joined to Mr. Mifflin will make a great Weight in favour of the American Cause.
476 1774-10-05 Dined with Dr. Cadwallador in Company with Governor Hamilton Gen. Lee Mr. Henry Mr. PendletonMr. De Hart and many others -- Mr. Maese and others. -- Spent the Evening at Home with Mr. McDougal and Mr. Sherman -- in sad and solemn Consultation about the Miseries and Distresses of our dear Town of Boston.
477 1774-10-06 Dined with Mr. Hodge Father in Law to Mr. Bayard.
478 1774-10-07 Dined with Mr. Thos. Smith with a large Company the Virginians and others.
479 1774-10-08 Dined with Mr. George Clymer -- Mr. Dickinson and a large Company again.
480 1774-10-09 Went in the Afternoon to the Romish Chappell and heard a good discourse upon the Duty of Parents to their Children founded in justice and Charity. The Scenery and the Musick is so callculated to take in Mankind that I wonder the Reformation ever succeeded. The Paintings the Bells the Candles the Gold and Silver. Our Saviour on the Cross over the Altar at full Length and all his Wounds a bleeding. The Chanting is exquisitely soft and sweet. 20
481 1774-10-10 Galloway Duane and Johnson are sensible and learned but cold Speakers.Lee Henry and Hooper [are] the orators.Paca is a deliberater too. Chase speaks warmly. Mifflin is a sprightly and spirited Speaker.John Rutledge dont exceed in Learning or oratory tho he is a rapid Speaker. Young Edward Rutledge is young and zealous -- a little unsteady and injudicious but very unnatural and affected as a Speaker. Dyer and Sherman speak often but and long but very heavily and clumsily. 21
482 1774-10-11 Henry said he had no public Education. At fifteen he read Virgill and Livy and has not looked into a Latin Book since. His father left him at that Age and he has been struggling thro Life ever since. He has high Notions. Talks about exalted Minds &c. He has a horrid Opinion of Galloway Jay and the Rutledges. Their System he says would ruin the Cause of America. He is very impatient to see such Fellows and not be at Liberty to describe them in their true Colours.
483 1774-10-12 Dined with Captn. Richards with Dr. Coombs.
484 1774-10-13 Mr. Duane has had his Heart sett upon asserting in our Bill of Rights the Authority of Parliament to regulate the Trade of the Colonies. He is for grounding it on Compact Acquiescence Necessity Protection not merely on our Consent.
485 1774-10-14 Old Israel Pemberton was quite rude and his Rudeness was resented. But the Conference which held till 11 O Clock I hope will produce good. 24
486 1774-10-15 Dined at Mr. Wests with the Rutledges and Mr. Middleton. An elegant House rich furniture and a splendid Dinner.
487 1774-10-16 Staid at Home all day. Very busy in the necessary Business of putting the Proceedings of the Congress into Order.
488 1774-10-17 Dined at Home.
489 1774-10-18 Dined at Stephen Collins's.
490 1774-10-19 Dined at Home.
491 1774-10-20 Dined with the whole Congress at the City Tavern at the Invitation of the House of Representatives of the Province of Pensylvania the whole House dined with Us making near l00 Guests in the Whole a most elegant Entertainment. A toast was A Sentiment was given May the Sword of the Parent never be Stain'd with the Blood of her Children. Two or 3 broadbrims over against me at Table -- one of em said this is not a Toast but a Prayer come let us join in it -- and they took their Glasses accordingly. 25
492 1774-10-21 Dined at the Library Tavern with Messrs. Marcoo's [Markoes] and a dozen Gentlemen from the W. Indies and N. Carolina. A fine bowling Green here -- fine Turtle and admirable Wine.
493 1774-10-22 Dined in the Country with Mr. Dickinson with all the Delegates from N. England. Mr. Duane Mr. Reed Mr. Livingstone &c.
494 1774-10-23 Supped and spent the Remainder of the Evening at Mr. Jo. Reeds with Coll. Lee Dr. Shippen Mr. Cary Dr. Loring &c. 27
495 1774-10-24 Spent the Evening at home. Coll. Dyer Judge Sherman and Coll. Floyd came in and spent the Evening with Mr. Adams and me. Mr. Mifflin and General Lee came in. Lee's Head is running upon his new Plan of a Battallion.
496 1774-10-25 Dined with Mr. Clymer. General Lee &c. there.
497 1774-10-26 Dined at Home. This Day the Congress finished. Spent the Evening together at the City Tavern -- all the Congress and several Gentlemen of the Town. 28
498 1774-10-27 Went this Morning with Mr. Tudor to see the Carpenters Hall and the Library and to Mr. Barrells and Bradfords and then to the State House to see the Supream Court sitting. Heard Mr. Wilcox and Mr. Reed argue a Point of Law concerning the Construction of a Will. Three JudgesChew Willing and Moreton.
499 1774-10-28 Took our Departure in a very great Rain from the happy the peacefull the elegant the hospitable and polite City of Phyladelphia. -- It is not very likely that I shall ever see this Part of the World again but I shall ever retain a most greatefull pleasing Sense of the many Civilities I have received in it. And shall think myself happy to have an opportunity of returning them. -- Dined at Andersons and reached Priestly's of Bristol at Night twenty miles from Phyladelphia where We are as happy as We can wish. 29
500 1774-10-29 Lodged at Farmers in Brunswick.
501 1774-10-30 My Birthday. I am 39 Years of Age. -- Rode to Elizabeth Town in New Jersey where We are to dine. Rode down to Elizabeth Town Point and put our Carriage and all our Horses into two Ferry Boats. Sail'd or rather rowed Six Miles to a Point on Staten Island where We stoped and went into a Tavern. Got to Hulls in New York about 10 O Clock at night. 30
502 1774-10-31 The Sons of Liberty are in the Horrors here. They think they have lost ground since We passed thro this City. Their Delegates have agreed with the Congress which I suppose they imagine has given additional Importance to their Antagonists
503 1774-11-01 Left Brother Paine at New York to go by the Packett to New Port. Rode to Cocks at Kings bridge to break fast to Havilands at Rye to Dinner and to Knaps at Horse Neck in Greenwich to lodge.
504 1774-11-02 Rode to Bulkleys at Fairfield to dinner and to Captn. Benjamins of Stratford to lodge. 31
505 1774-11-03 Twenty miles from Middletown We met two Gentlemen from thence who came on Purpose to meet us and invite us to dine tomorrow at Middletown. We excused ourselves with great Earnestness.
506 1774-11-04 Dined at Hartford at Bulls where we had the Pleasure of seeing Mr. Adams's Minister Mr. How who is supposed to be courting here. Lodged at Dr. Chafy's [Chaffee's] in Windsor. Very cordially entertained.
507 1774-11-05 Arrived about 7 O Clock at Scotts of Palmer alias Kingston where We are to lodge. Scott and his Wife are at this instant great Patriots. Zealous Americans. Scotts faith is very strong that they will repeal all the Acts this very winter. Dr. Dana told Us all America and G. Britain and Europe ow'd us Thanks and that the Ministry would lay hold of our Consent that they should regulate Trade and our Petition and grant us Relief this Winter. -- But neither the Doctors nor Scotts Faith are my Faith.
508 1774-11-06 We walked to Meeting above 2 Miles at Noon. We walked 1/4 of a Mile and staid at one Quintouns an old Irishman and a friendly cordial Reception we had. The old Man was so rejoiced to see us he could hardly speak -- more glad to see Us he said than he should to see Gage and all his Train. -- I saw a Gun. The young Man said that Gun marched 8 Miles towards Boston on the late Alarm. Almost the whole Parish marched off and the People seemed really disappointed when the News was contradicted.
509 1774-11-07 Lodged at Hunts in Spencer.
510 1774-11-08 Lodged at Coll. Buckminsters of Framingham. 35
511 1774-11-09 Break fasted at Reeve's of Sudbury. s 36 - 48 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
512 1775-04-30 Heard Mr. Strong all Day. At Night a Man came in and inform'd us of the Death of Josa. Quincy. -- Proh Dolor! -- 4
513 1775-08-28 s d Took with me consisting in 62:10s Pen. Currency in Paper Bills and 20 L.M of Mass in silver and Gold. 70 0: 0 10
514 1775-09-03 At Woodstock. Heard Mr. Learned [Leonard] from Is. 32:16. The Work of Righteousness is Peace and the Effect of Righteousness Quietness and assurance forever. s 26 - 35 [ s -- no s available ] 36 [ -- ] 37
515 1775-09-15 Mr. Dickinsons Air Gate and Action are not much more elegant. 4
516 1775-09-16 Parson Gordon of Roxbury spent the Evening here. -- I fear his indiscreet Prate will do harm in this City. He is an eternal Talker and somewhat vain and not accurate nor judicious. Very zealous in the Cause and a well meaning Man but incautious and not sufficiently tender of the Character of our Province upon which at this Time much depends. Fond of being thought a Man of Influence at Head Quarters and with our Council and House and with the general Officers of the Army and also with Gentlemen in this City and other Colonies. -- He is a good Man but wants a Guide.
517 1775-09-17 There is a great deal of Simplicity and Innocence in this worthy Man but very little Elegance or Ingenuity. -- In Prayer he hangs his Head in an Angle of 45 over his right Shoulder. In Sermon which is delivered without Notes he throws himself into 6 a Variety of indecent Postures. Bends his Body Points his Fingers and throws about his Arms without any Rule or Meaning at all. He is totally destitute of the Genius and Eloquence of Duffil [Duffield] has no Imagination No Passions no Wit and very little no Taste and very little Learning but a great deal of Goodness of Heart.
518 1775-09-18 In the afternoon Mr. S.A. and I made visit at Mrs. Bedfords to the Maryland Gentlemen. We found Paca and Chase and a polite Reception from 7 them. Chase is ever social and talkative. He seems in better Humour than he was before the Adjournment. His Colony have acted with Spirit in Support of the Cause. They have formed themselves into a System and enjoyned an Association if that is not an Absurdity.
519 1775-09-19 This Morning Mr. Henry Hill with his Brother Nat. Barrett came to visit us.Paine introduced him to Mrs. Yard as one of the Poor of Boston. He is here with his Wife on a Visit to her Brother. P. cries You H. Hill what did you come here for? Who did you bring with you? ha! ha! ha!
520 1775-09-20 Took a Walk in Company with Govr. Ward Mr. Gadsden and his Son and Mr. S. Adams to a little Box in the Country belonging to old Mr. Marshall the father of three Sons who live in the City. A fine facetious old Gentleman an excellent Whigg. There We drank Coffee. A fine Garden. A little Box of one Room. Very chearfull and good humoured.
521 1775-09-21 D. he says sinks here in the public opinion. That many Gentlemen chime in with a spirited 9 Publication in the Paper of Wednesday which blames the conduct of several Gentlemen of Fortune D. Cad. R. and J. Allen &c.
522 1775-09-22 Mr. Gordon spent the Evening here.
523 1775-09-23 Dyer and Serjeant of Princetown spent the Evening here. S. says that the Irish Interest in this City has been the Support of Liberty.Maes [Mease ] &c. are leaders in it. The Irish and the Presbyterian Interest coalesce. 10
524 1775-09-24 I had nearly forgot a Conversation with Dr. Coombe concerning assassinationHenry 4.Sully Buckingham &c. c.Coombe has read Sullys Memoirs with great Attention.
525 1775-09-25 Spent the Evening with Lynch at the City Tavern. He thinks the Row Gallies and Vesseau de Frize inadequate to the Expence.
526 1775-09-26 Wrote to Mrs. A. and Mr. and Mrs. W. 14
527 1775-09-27 Mr. Bullock after Dinner invited me to take a ride with him in his Phaeton which I did. He is a solid clever Man. He was President of their Convention.
528 1775-09-28 Rittenhouse is a tall slender Man plain soft modest no remarkable Depth or thoughtfullness in his Face -- yet cool attentive and clear. 17
529 1775-10-25 These Proprietors have no Grant from the Crown nor from any Colony are within the Limits of Virginia and North Carolina by their Charters which bound those Colonies on the South Sea. They are charged with Republican Notions -- and Utopian Schemes.
530 1775-10-29 Heard Mr. Carmichael at Mr. Duffils on Trust in the Lord and do good so shall yo dwell in the Land and verily thou shallt be fed. 19
532 1775-12-09 Having Yesterday [asked and] obtained Leave of Congress to go home this Morning I mounted with my own Servant only about twelve o Clock and reached the red Lyon about two where I dine The Roads very miry and dirty the Weather pleasant and not cold.
533 1775-12-10 In the Evening Mr. Baldwin came to see me. We waited on Dr. Witherspoon the President of the Colledge where we saw Mr. Smith and two other of the light Horse from Philadelphia goin to the Camp with a Waggon. 21 [ -- ] 22
534 1776-01-24 Began my journey to Phildelphia dined at C. [Colonel] Miffiins at Cambridge with G. Washington and Gates and their Ladies and half a Dozen Sachems and Warriours of the french Cocknowaga Tribe with their Wives and Children. Williams is one who was captivated in his Infancy and adopted. There is a Mixture of White Blood french or English in most of them.Louis their Principal speaks English and french as well as Indian. It was a Savage feast carnivorous Animals devouring their Pray. Yet they were wondrous polite. The General introduced me to them as one of the Grand Council Fire at Philadelphia upon which they made me many Bows and a cordial Reception.
535 1776-01-25 After Dinner rode to Maynards and supped there very agreably.
536 1776-01-26 Stopped at Sternes's [Stearns's] in Worcester and dined with Mr. Lincoln at Mr. Jonathan Williams's. In Putnams Office where I formerly trimm'd the Midnight Lamp Mr. Williams keeps Laws Works and Jacob Behmens with whose Mistical Reveries he is much captivated. 6
537 1776-01-28 We have found a Bed of yellow Ocre in this Town. I got 1200 Wt. 9 We make Spanish Brown by burning the yellow Ocre.
538 1776-01-29 Rode to Springfield dined at Scotts. Heard that the Cannon Kingsbridge in N. York were spiked up. That dry Goods English Good were sent round to N. York from Boston and from N. York sold all over N.E. and sent down to Camp. That Tryon has issued Writs for the Choice of a new Assembly and that the Writs were likely to b obeyed and the Tories were likely to carry a Majority of Members. 10 [ -- ] 11
539 1776-02-01 Prevent the Exportation of Silver and Gold. 8
540 1776-02-18 3. Jer. 12. Go proclaim these Words towards the North. Return thou backsliding Israel and I will not cause my anger to fall upon you for I am merciful and will not be angry forever. 9
541 1776-03-01 The Colonies are now much more warlike and powerfull than they were during the last War. A martial Spirit has seized all the Colonies. They are much improved in Skill and Discipline. They have now a large standing Army. They have many good officers. They abound in Provisions. They are in the Neighbourhood of the W.I. A British Fleet and Army united with an American Fleet and Army and supplied with Provisions and other Necessaries from America might conquer all the french Islands in the W.I. in six Months and 12 a little less more Time than that would be required to destroy all their Marine and Commerce. 13
542 1776-03-04 It is the same with Communities. They ought to resent and to punish. 14
543 1776-04-01 Mr. Lynch Junr. at [ -- see ] [ -- ]
544 1776-09-10 Took with me to N.Y. 51 dollars and 5s. 8d. Pen. Currency in Change. 12
546 1776-10-13 Sat out from Phyladelphia toward Boston oated at the Red Lyon dined at Bristol crossed Trenton ferry long before Sun set drank Coffee at the Ferry House on the East Side of Delaware where I putt up -- partly to avoid riding in the Evening Air and partly because 30 miles is enough for the first day as my Tendons are delicate not having been once on Horse back since the Eighth day of last February. 13 [ -- ] 14 [ -- ] 15 [ Following s contain notes on French grammar and vocabulary. ] [ -- see ] 16 [ -- see ] 17 [ -- see ] 18 [ -- see ] 19 [ -- see ] 20 [ -- see ] 21 [ -- see ] 22 [ -- see ] 23 [ -- see ] 24 [ -- see ] 25 [ -- see ] 26 [ -- see ] 27 [ -- see ] 28 [ -- see ] 29 [ -- see ] 30 [ -- see ] 31 [ -- see ] 32 [ -- see ] 33 [ -- see ] 34 [ -- ] 35 [ -- see ] 36 [ -- see ] 37 [ -- see ] 38 [ -- see ] 39 [ -- see ] 40 [ -- see ] 41 [ -- see ] 42 [ -- see ] 43 [ -- see ] 44 [ -- see ] 45 [ -- see ] 46 [ -- see ] 47 [ -- see ] 48 [ -- see ] 49 [ -- see ] 50 [ -- see ] 51 [ -- see ] 52 [ -- see ] 53 [ -- ] s 54 - 57 [ s -- no s available ] 58
547 1777-02-06 The Congress sits in the last House at the West End of Market Street on the South Side of the Street. A long Chamber with two fire Places two large Closets and two Doors. The House belongs to a Quaker who built it for a Tavern.
548 1777-02-07 The whole Family profess great Zeal in the American Cause. Mr. Lux lives like a Prince.
549 1777-02-08 Dined at the Presidents with Mr. Lux Messrs. Samuel and Robert Purveyance Capt. Nicholson of the Maryland Frigate [the Virginia] Coll. Harrison Wilson Mr. Hall -- upon New England Salt fish. The Weather was rainy and the Streets the muddiest I ever saw. -- This is the dirtyest Place in the World -- our Salem and Portsmouth are neat in Comparison. The Inhabitants however are excusable because they had determined to pave the Streets before this War came on since which they have laid the Project aside as they are accessible to Men of War. This Place is not incorporated. It is neither a City Town nor Burrough so that they can do nothing with Authority. 3
550 1777-02-09 On my Return I stopped and drank Tea at Captn. Smiths a Gentleman of the new Assembly. 4
551 1777-02-16 Last Evening I supped with my Friends Dr. Rush and Mr. Sergeant at Mrs. 's over the Bridge. The two Coll. Lees Dr. Witherspoon Mr. Adams Mr. Gerry Dr. Brownson made the Company. They have a Fashion in this Town of reversing the Picture of King G. 3d in such Families as have it. One of these Topsy Turvy Kings was hung up in the Room where we supped and under it were written these Lines by Mr. Throop as we were told. Behold the Man who had it in his Power To make a Kingdom tremble and adore Intoxicate with Folly See his Head Plac'd where the meanest of his Subjects tread Like Lucifer the giddy Tyrant fell He lifts his Heel to Heaven but points his Head to Hell.
552 1777-02-17 Mr. H. [Hancock] told C.W. [Colonel Whipple?] Yesterday that he had determined to go to Boston in April. Mrs. H. was not willing to go till May but Mr. H. was determined upon April. -- Perhaps the Choice of a Governor may come on in May... What aspiring little Creatures we are! -- how subtle sagacious and judicious this Passion is! how clearly it sees its object how constantly it pursues it and what wise Plans it devises for obtaining it!
553 1777-02-21 This Morning received a long Card from Mr. H. expressing great Resentment about fixing the Magazine at Brookfield against the Book binder and the General. The Complaisance to me and the Jealousy for the Massachusetts in this 6 Message indicate to me the same Passion and the same design with the journey to B. [Boston] in April.
554 1777-02-23 The Manners of Maryland are somewhat peculiar. They have but few Merchants. They are chiefly Planters and Farmers. The Planters are those who raise Tobacco and the Farmers such as raise Wheat &c. The Lands are cultivated and all Sorts of Trades are exercised by Negroes or by transported Convicts which has occasioned the Planters and Farmers to assume the Title of Gentlemen and they hold their Negroes and Convicts that is all labouring People and Tradesmen in such Contempt that they think themselves a distinct order of Beings. Hence they never will suffer their Sons to labour or learn any Trade but they bring them up in Idleness or what is worse in Horse Racing Cock fighting and Card Playing. 8
555 1777-02-28 The object of the Men of Property here the Planters &c. is universally Wealth. Every Way in the World is sought to get and save Money. Landjobbers -- Speculators in Land -- [ ] little Generosity to the Public -- little public Spirit.
556 1777-09-15 We live in critical Moments! Mr. Howes Army is at Middleton and Concord. Mr. Washingtons upon the Western Banks of Schuylkill a few Miles from him. I saw this Morning an excellent Chart of the Schuylkill Chester River the Brandywine and this whole Country among the Pensilvania Files. This City is the Stake for which the Game is playd. I think there is a Chance for saving it although the Probability is against Us. Mr. Howe I conjecture is waiting for his Ships to come into the Delaware. Will W. attack him? I hope so -- and God grant him Success. 10
557 1777-09-16 It is reported too that Mr. How lost great Numbers in the Battle of the Brandywine.
558 1777-09-18 This Dispensation will save Us much Altercation. 13
559 1777-09-19 Mr. Merchant and myself arose sent for our Horses and after collecting our Things rode off after the others. Breakfasted at Bristol where were many Members determined to go the Newtown Road to Reading. We rode to Trenton where We dined. Coll. Harrison Dr. Witherspoon all the Delegates from N.Y. and N.E. except Gerry and Lovell. Drank Tea at Mr. Spencers lodged at Mr. S. Tuckers at his kind Invitation.
560 1777-09-20 Mrs. Tucker has about 1600 st. in some of the Funds in England which she is in fear of loosing. She is accordingly passionately wishing for Peace and that the Battle was fought once for all c. Says that private Property will be plundered where there is an Army 15 whether of Friends or Enemies. That if the two opposite Armys were to come here alternately ten times she would stand by her Property untill she should be kill'd. If she must be a Beggar it should be where she was known &c. This kind of Conversation shews plainly enough how well she is pleased with the State of Things.
561 1777-09-21 We have as good a Cause as ever was fought for. We have great Resources. The People are well tempered. One active masterly Capacity would bring order out of this Confusion and save this Country.
562 1777-09-22 Breakfasted at Ringolds in Quaker Town dined at Shannons in Easton at the Forks slept at Johnsons in Bethlehem.
563 1777-09-23 Then the Fullers Mill both of Cloth and Leather the Dyers House and the Shearers House. They raise a great deal of Madder. We walked among the Rowes of Cherry Trees with spacious orchards of Apple Trees on each Side of the Cherry Walk. The Society of Single Men have turned out for the sick.
564 1777-09-24 Fine Morning. We all went to Meeting last Evening where Mr. Edwine gave the People a short discourse in German and the Congregation sung and the organ playd. There were about 200 Women and as many Men. The Women sat together in one Body and the Men in another. The Women dressed all alike. The Womens Heads resembled a Garden of white Cabbage Heads. 20
565 1777-09-25 Rode from Bethlehem through Allan Town Yesterday to a German Tavern about 18 Miles from Reading. Rode this Morning to Reading where We breakfasted and heard for certain that Mr. Howes Army had crossed the Schuylkill. Coll. Hartley gave me an Account of the late Battle between the Enemy and General Wayne. Hartley thinks that the Place was improper for Battle and that there ought to have been a Retreat. 21
566 1777-11-17 Dined at Brewsters in Orange County State of New York. Brewsters Grandfather as he tells me was a Clergyman and one of the first Adventurers to Plymouth. He died at 95 Years of Age a Minister on Long Island left a son who lived to be above 80 and died leaving my Landlord a son who is now I believe between 60 and 70. 23 The Manners of this Family are exactly like those of the N.E. People. A decent Grace before and after Meat -- fine Pork and Beef and Cabbage and Turnip.
567 1777-11-18 Captn. Storms 8 Miles. -- Coll. Vandeboroughs 5. -- Coll. Morehouses 9. -- Bulls Iron Works 4. no Tavern. -- Cogswells Iron Works 10 -- a Tavern. -- Litchfield 8. -- Cross Mount Tom to get to Litchfield.
568 1777-11-19 Dined at Storms lodged last night and breakfasted this Morning Loudouns at Fish Kill. Here We are at Coll. Morehouses's a Member of Assembly for Dutchess County.
569 1777-11-20 To Harrwington [Harwinton] Phillips's 5 Miles. -- To Yales in Farmington 5. -- To Humphreys in Simsbury 7 miles. -- To Owens in Simsbury 7 miles. -- To Sheldons in Suffield 10. -- Kents in Suffield 5. -- To Springfield 10. 25
570 1777-11-21 To Hays's Salmon Brook 5. miles. -- To Southwick Loomis 6. -- To Fowlers 3. miles. -- To Westfield Claps 4 miles. -- To Captn. Claps 4 miles this Side N.H. -- To North Hampton Lymans or Clarks. s 26 - 88 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ]
571 1778-02-13 Dr. Noel shewed me a Book which was new to me. The Title is Les Elemens de la Langue Angloise dvlops d'une maniere nouvelle facile et tres concise en forme de Dialogue ou la pronunciation est enseign&&eacute e par un Assemblage de Lettres qui forme des sons similaires en Franqois et ou la juste Mesure de chaque Syllable est determine. Avec un Vocabulaire des Phrases familieres et des Dialogues tres interessans pour ceux qui souhaitent parler Anglois correctement 4 et en peu de Tems. Nouvelle Edition revue corrigee et enriche de plusieurs nouvelles Regles et Remarques servant A carter les Diffcults qui retardent le Progress des Etrangers. Par V. J. Peyton. Linguarum Diversitas alienat hominem ab homine et propter solam linguarum diversitatem nihil potest ad consociandos homines tanta Similitudo naturx. St. August. De Civit. Dei. A Londres Chez J. Nourse et Paul Vaillant dans le Strand 1776.
572 1778-02-14 My Lodging was a Cott with a double Mattress a good Bolster my own Sheets and Blanketts enough. My little Son with me -- We lay very comfortably and slept well. A violent Gale of Wind in the Night.
573 1778-02-15 This Morning weigh'd the last Anchor and came under Sail before Breakfast. A fine Wind and a pleasant Sun but a sharp cold Air. Thus I bid farewell to my native Shore. -- Arrived and anchored in the Harbour of Marblehead about Noon. Major Reed Captn. Gatchell Father in Law of Capt. Tucker came on board and a Captain Stevens who came on Board to make me a present of a single Pistol. 5
574 1778-02-16 Thus I find myself invested with the unexpected Trust of a Kind of Guardianship of two promising young Gentlemen besides my own Son. This benevolent office is peculiarly agreable to my Temper. Few Things have ever given me greater Pleasure than the Tuition of Youth to the Bar and the Advancement of Merit.
575 1778-02-17 Our Captn. is an able Seaman and a brave active vigilant officer but I believe has no great Erudition. His Library consists of Dyche's English Dictionary Charlevoix's Paraguay The Rights of the Xtian Church asserted vs. the Romish and other Priests who claim an independent Power over it The 2d Vol. of Chubbs posthumous Works 1. Vol. of the History of Charles Horton Esq. and 1. Vol. of the delicate Embarrassments a Novell. -- I shall at some other Time take more Notice of some of these Books. 8
576 1778-02-18 Last night about Sunsett We sailed out of Marblehead Harbour and have had a fine Wind from that time to this 24. Hours. The constant Rolling and Rocking of the Ship last night made Us all sick -- half the Sailors were so. My young Gentlemen Jesse and Johnny were taken about 12 O Clock last night and have been very seasick ever since. I was seized with it myself this Forenoon. My Servant Joseph Stevens and the Captns. Will have both been very bad.
577 1778-02-19 In the Morning We discovered three Sail of Vessells ahead. We went near enough to discover them to be Frigates and then put away. We soon lost sight of two of them: but the third chased Us the whole Day. Sometimes We gained upon her and sometimes she upon Us.
578 1778-02-20 In the Morning nothing to be seen but soon after another Sail discovered ahead which is supposed to be the same.
579 1778-02-21 On one of these Nights a Thunder bolt struck 3 Men upon deck and wounded one of them a little by a Scorch upon his Shoulder. It also struck our Main Topmast. 10
580 1778-02-24 I confess I often regretted that I had brought my son. I was not so clear that it was my Duty to expose him as myself but I had been led to it by the Childs Inclination and by the Advice of all my Friends. Mr. Johnnys Behaviour gave me a Satisfaction that I cannot expressfully sensible of our Danger he was constantly endeavouring to bear it with a manly Patience very attentive to me and his Thoughts constantly running in a serious Strain. 11
581 1778-02-26 This Morning Captn. Tucker made me a Present of Charlevoix's History of Paraguay. Yesterday Dr. Noel put into my Hand a Pockett Volume intituled Le Geographe manuel contenant La Description de tous les Pays du Monde leurs qualits leur climat le caractre de leurs Habitans leur Villes capitales avec leur distances de Paris et des Routes qui y menent tant par terre que par Mer les Changes et les Monnoies des principales Places de l'Europe en Correspondance avec Paris la manire de tenir les Ecritures de chaque Nation la Reduction de toutes especes de I'Europe au pied courant de France c. Par M. l'Abb Expilly de la Socit royale des Sciences et belles Lettres de Nancy. These manuals come out annually and are to be had in any of the great Towns in France.
582 1778-02-27 Yesterday the Captn. brought in a Curiosity which he had drawn up over the Side in a Buckett of Water which the Sailors call a Portuguese Man of War and to day I have seen many of them sailing by the Ship. They have some Appearances of Life and Sensibility. They spread a curious Sail and are wafted along very briskly. They have something like Gutts hanging down which are said to be in a degree poisonous to human Flesh. The Hulk is like blue Glass. I pierced it with the sharp Point of my Pen Knife and found it empty. The Air came out and the Thing shrunk up almost to nothing. 14
583 1778-02-28 What is this Gulph Stream? What is the Course of it? From what Point and to what Point does it flow? How broad is it? How far distant is it from the Continent of America? What is the Longitude and Latitude of it. 15
584 1778-03-01 I hope for the future We shall carry less Sail especially of nights and at all Times when We are not in Chase.
585 1778-03-02 This Evening the Wind is very fresh and the Ship sails at a great Rate. We are out of the Reach I hope of the Gulph Stream and of British Cruizers two Evils which I have a great Aversion to. 16
586 1778-03-03 Dr. Noel shewed me Dictionaire geographique portatif which is a Translation of Echards Gazetteer into French Par Monsr. Vosgien Chanoine de Vaucouleurs. 17
587 1778-03-04 Nantes ancienne riche et tres considerable Ville de France la seconde de la Bretagne avec un riche Evch suffragan de Tours une Universite et un Hotel des Monnoies. C' [C'est] une de Villes les plus commercantes du Royaulme. Les Marchands ont une Societe avec ceux de Bilbao appellee la Contractation et un Tribunal reciproque [en] forme de jurisdiction consulaire. Ce fut dans cette Ville que Henri 4th. donna en 1598 le celebre Edit [de] Nantes revoqu en 1685. Elle est sur la Rive droit de la Loire a 15. lieus S.O. d'Angers 27. N. Par O. de [La] Rochelle 87. S.O. de Paris 23. S. de Rennes. Long. 16.6.12. Lat 47.13.7. Le Pais Nantois ou le C. de Nantes est [une] Contree des deux cts de la Loire. On y fait du Sel et il y a beaucoup de Bestiaux.
588 1778-03-05 This Day We have enjoyed the clearest Horison the softest Weather the best Wind and the smoothest Sea that We have seen since We [came] on board. All Sails are spread and We have gone [ten Knots upon an Avarage the] whole day. 19
589 1778-03-06 Aqores Iles sit. entre l'Afr. et l'Amer. environ a 200 li. O. de Lisbonne Gonzalo Vello les decouvrit vers le milieu du 15 Siecle et les nomma Aqores mot qui signifie des Eperviers parce qu'on y rem. beaucoup de ces Oiscaux. Il y en a neuf. Angra dans File de Tercere est la Capital de Toutes. Ortelius assure que ceux partent de l'Europe pour aller en Amer. sont delivres de toute Sorte de Vermine aussitot qu'ils ont passe les Acores ce qu'on doit attribuer a la qualite de l'Air qui y est tres salubre. Le ble les Vignes les Arbres fruitiers et le betail y sont en abond. Elles appart. aux Port. -- long. 346-354. Lat. 39.
590 1778-03-07 This Morning the Captain ordered all Hands upon Deck and took an account of the Number of Souls on board which amounted to 172. Then he ordered the Articles of War to be read to them -- after which he ordered all Hands upon the Forecastle and then all Hands upon the Quarter deck in order to try Experiments for determining whether any difference was made in the Ships sailing by the Weight of the Men being forward or abaft. Then all Hands were ordered to their Quarters to exercise them at the Guns. Mr. Barron gave the Words of Command and they spent an Hour perhaps in the Exercise at which they seemed tolerably expert. Then the Captain ordered a Dance upon the Main Deck and all Hands Negroes Boys and Men were obliged to dance. After this the old Sailors set on Foot another Frolic called the Miller or the Mill. I will not spend Time to describe this odd Scaene: but it ended in a very high frolic in which almost all the Men were powdered over with Flour and wet again to the Skin. -- Whether these whimsical Diversions are indulged in order to make the Men wash themselves and shft their Cloaths and to wash away Vermin I don't know But there is not in them the least Ray of Elegance very little Wit and a humour of the coarsest Kind. It is not superiour to Negro and Indian Dances. 21
591 1778-03-08 The late Storm shewed the Beauty of Boileaus Description d'une Tempte. Comme l'on voit les Hots soulevez par forage Fondre sur un Vaisseau qui s'oppose a leur rage Le Vent avec fureur dans les voiles fr La mer blanchit d'cume et fair au loin gmit Le matelot trouble que son Art abandonne Croit voir dans chaque flot la mort qui l'environne. Trad. de Longin. 22
592 1778-03-09 Last Night the Wind shifted to the N. West and blew fresh. It is now still fairer for Us than before. The Weather is fine and We go on our Voyage at a great Rate. Some Officers think We shall reach our Port by Thursday night others by Saturday night: But these make no Account of Chases and Cruises and make no Allowance for the Variability of the Winds.
593 1778-03-14 Mr. Barrons bore it with great Fortitude and Magnanimity -- thought he should die and frequently intreated me to take Care of his Family. He had an helpless Family he said and begged that I would take Care of his Children. I promised him that by the first Letters I should write to America I would earnestly recommend his Children to the Care of the Public as well as of Individuals. I cannot but think the Fall of this Officer a great Loss to the united States... His Prudence his Moderation his Attention his Zeal were Qualities much wanted in our Navy. He is by Birth a Virginian. 24
594 1778-03-19 The Wind has been directly against Us but this Morning has veered and We now steer at least our Head lies by the Compass South East. -- Who knows but Providence has favoured Us by the last Gale as it seemed to do by the first. -- By the last Gale We have already escaped Cruizers as We did by the first -- and possibly this violent Gale from the south East may have driven all the Cruizers from the Coast of Spain and the Southerly Part of the Bay of Biscay and by this Means have opened a clear Passage for Us to Bourdeaux. This is possible -- and so is the contrary. God knows --
595 1778-03-20 We have now so fine a Wind that a very few days will determine whether We shall meet any capital Disaster or arrive safe at Port.
596 1778-03-21 Five Weeks Yesterday since my Embarkation. This Morning an heavy Wind and high Sea. We go E.S.E.
597 1778-03-27 Yesterday was a Calm the little Wind there was directly against Us. This Morning the Wind is a little better. We are supposed to be within 30 Leagues of Bourdeaux River.
598 1778-03-28 Numbers of small Birds from the Shore came along to day some of them fatigued allighted on our Rigging Yards &c. and one of them We caught. A little Lark he was called. These Birds loose the Shore and get lost and then fly untill they are so fatigued that the instant they allight upon a Ship they drop to sleep. 28
599 1778-03-29 I feel a Curiosity to visit this Island of Oleron so famous in Antiquity for her Sea Laws at least I take this to be the Place.
600 1778-03-30 The Pleasure resulting from the Sight of Land Cattle Houses &c. after so long so tedious and dangerous a Voyage is very great: It gives me a pleasing Melancholly to see this Country an Honour which a few Months ago I never expected to arrive at. -- Europe thou great Theatre of Arts Sciences Commerce War am I at last permitted to visit thy Territories. -- May the Design of my Voyage be answered.
601 1778-03-31 This is a most beautifull River the Villages and Country Seats appear upon each Side all the Way. We have got up this Afternoon within 3 Leagues of the Town. 33
602 1778-04-01 This Morning I took Leave of the Ship and went up to Town with my Son and servant Mr. Vernon Mr. Jesse and Dr. Noel in the Pinnace. When We came up to the Town We had the Luck to see Mr. McClary and Major Fraser [Frazer] on the Shore. Mr. McClary came on board our Boat and conducted Us up to his Lodgings.Mr. Pringle was there. We dined there in the Fashion of the Country. We had fish and Beans and Salad and Claret Champain and Mountain Wine. After Dinner Mr. Bondfield who is Agent here invited me to take a Walk which We did to his Lodgings where We drank Tea. Then We walked about the Town and to see the new Comedie. After this We went to the Opera where the Scenery the Dancing the Music afforded to me a very chearfull sprightly Amusement having never seen any Thing of the Kind before. After this We returned to Mr. McClarys Lodgings where We supped. 34
603 1778-04-02 Walked round the Town to see the Chamber and Council of Commerce the Parliament which was sitting where We heard the Council. Then We went round to the Ship Yards &c. Made many Visits dined at the Hotel D'Angleterre. Visited the Customhouse the Post office -- visited the Commandant of the Chateau Trompette a Work of Vaubans -- visited the Premiere President of the Parliament of Bourdeaux. Went to the Coffee house. Went to the Commedie -- saw Les deux Avares. Supped at Messrs. Reuiles De Basmarein and Raimbaux.
604 1778-04-03 Waited on the Intendant dined at Mr. Bondfields and supped at Mr. Le Texiers. -- Our Company on Thursday Evening at Mr. Basmarains were -- The Count of Virelade the Son of the Premiere President Le Moine first Commissary of the Navy Le Moine the Son Commissary of the Navy Cornie Captain of a Frigate Knight of St. Lewis in. Bt. Nairac former Deputy of Commerce from La Rochelle Paul Nairac a MerchantElisee Nairac a Merchant La tour Feger Esq. a Merchant Menoire Esq. a MerchantCoutourier Esq. a Merchant Mr. Bondfield and Major Fraser. The Toasts were announced by 13 Shots in honour of the 13 States. The K. of France 21 Shots. The Congress 13. G. Washington 3. Mr. De Sartine 3. G. [General] Gates 3. Marshall Broglie 3. The Count of Brolie his Brother 3. The Marquis De la Fayette 3. The Glory and Prosperity of the 13 united States 13. The Prosperity of France 3. Eternal Concord between the two Nations now Friends and Allies 3. The State of Massachusetts Bay and Mr. Adams its Representative. Mr. Destaing Vice Admiral. The City of Bourdeaux. Mrs. Adams 3. The French and American Ladies 21. The Departure of Mr. Adams when he mounted his Coach was saluted by 13. Shots. The Garden was beautifully illuminated with an Inscription God Save the Congress Liberty and Adams. 35
605 1778-04-04 About 10 O Clock We commenced our journey to Paris and went about 50 miles.
606 1778-04-05 Proceeded on our journey more than 100 Miles.
607 1778-04-06 Arrived at Poictiers the City so famous for the Battle which was fought here. It is a beautifull situation and the Cultivation of the Plains about it is exquisite. The Houses are old and poor and the Streets very narrow. Afternoon passed thro Chatelerault another City nearly as large as Poictiers and as old and the Streets as narrow. When We stopped at the Post to change our Horses about 20 young Women came about the Chaise with their elegant Knives scissors tooth Picks &c. to sell. The Sceene was new to me and highly diverting. Their eagerness to sell a Knife was as great as that of some Persons I have seen in other Countries to get Offices. We arrived in the Evening at Ormes the magnificent Seat of the Marquis D'Argenson. It is needless to make particular Remarks upon this Country. Every Part of it is cultivated. The Fields of Grain the Vineyards the Castles the Cities the Parks the Gardens every Thing is beautifull: yet every Place swarms with Beggars. 36
608 1778-04-07 Travelled from Les Ormes the splendid Seat of the Marquis D'Argenson to Mer. We went through Tours and Amboise and several other smaller Villages.Tours is the most elegant Place We have yet seen. It stands upon the River Loire which empties itself at Nantes. We rode upon a Causey made in the River Loire for a great Number of Miles. The Meadows and River Banks were extremely beautifull.
609 1778-04-08 We passed the Bridge last Night over the Seine and passed thro the Louvre. The Streets were crowded with Carriages with Livery Servants. 37
610 1778-04-09 Dr. Franklin presented to me the Compliments of Mr. Turgot lately Comptroller of the Finances and his Invitation to dine with him. Went with Dr. Franklin and Mr. Lee and dined in Company with the Dutchess D'Anville the Mother of the Duke De Rochefoucault and twenty of the great People of France. -- It is in vain to Attempt a Description of the Magnificence of the House Gardens Library Furniture or the Entertainment of the Table. Mr. Turgot has the Appearance of a grave sensible and amiable Man. Came home and supped with Dr. Franklin on Cheese and Beer.
611 1778-04-10 Dined at Monsr. Brillon's with many Ladies and Gentlemen.... Madam Brillon is a Beauty and a great Mistress of Music as are her two little Daughters.... The Dinner was Luxury as usual -- a Cake was brought in with 3 Flaggs flying. On one Pride subdued -- on another Ham Dies in qua fit Congressus exultemus et potemus in ea. Supped in the Evening at Mr. Chamonts. In the evening 2 Gentlemen came in and advised me to go to Versailles tomorrow. One of them was the Secretary to the late Ambassador in London the Count De Noailles.
612 1778-04-11 After this We went to the Ecole militaire went into the Chapell and into the Hall of Council &c. Here We saw the Statues of the great Conde Turenne Luxembourg and Saxe. Returned and drank Tea at Mm. Brillons who lent me Voyage picturesque de Paris and entertained Us again with her Music and her agreable Conversation. 39
613 1778-04-12 Written under the Picture of Sir Rob. Walpole. Some one made an amendment of Bribisti instead of Bibisti. 40
614 1778-04-13 and delivered him a Copy of my Commission -- then went and made a Visit to Madam Vergennes who had her Levee and returned to Passi.
615 1778-04-14 Yesterday Morning sent for the Master of the Accademy in this Place who came and shewed me his Conditions. [He] agreed to take my Son: who accordingly packed up his Things and went to School much pleased with his Prospect because he understood that Rewards were given to the best Schollars which he said was an Encouragement. Dancing Fencing Musick and Drawing are taught at this School as well as French and Latin.
616 1778-04-15 At Mm. Helvetius's We had Grapes preserved entire. I asked how? She said Sans Air. -- Apples Pairs &c. are preserved here in great Perfection.
617 1778-04-16 This Family are fond of Paintings. They have a Variety of exquisite Pieces particularly a Storm and a Calm.
618 1778-04-17 After Dinner went to the long Champ where all the Carriages in Paris were paraded which it seems is a Custom on good Fryday. 43
619 1778-04-18 Called and drank Tea at Mm. Brillons. Then made a Visit to M. Boullainvilliers and his Lady who is a kind of Lord of the Manor of Passi and is just now come out to his Country Seat.
620 1778-04-19 Went with Mr. Chaumont in his Carriage to the Concert Spirituel. A vast Croud of Company of both Sexes a great Number of Instruments. A Gentleman sung and then a young Lady.
621 1778-04-20 Visited Mr. Lloyd and his Lady where We saw Mr. Digges. 44
622 1778-04-21 Mr. D. lived expensively and seems not to have had much order in his Business public or private: but he was active dilligent subtle and successfull having accomplished the great Purpose of his Mission to Advantage.... Mr. Gerard is his Friend and I find that Dr. B. has the Confidence of Persons about the Ministry particularly of the late Secretary to the Embassader to G.B. 46
623 1778-04-22 Dined at home and spent the day with Mr. Lee.
624 1778-04-23 Dined at home with Company.
625 1778-04-24 Dined at Mr. Buffauts with much Company.
626 1778-04-25 Dined at home.
627 1778-04-26 Dined at home.
628 1778-04-27 I will attempt to keep my journal in French in order to familiarise myself to that Language. 47
629 1778-04-28 Je dinai Aujourdhui chez moi avec Mr. Lee. -- Apres diner Mr. L. et moi allames a la Comedie itallien ou nous avons vu Monsieur Harlequin &c.
630 1778-04-29 J'ai bien dormi le derniere Soir. J'avois din chez Le Marrechal De Maillebois avec Baucoup du Monde. Apres diner went to the Accademy of Sciences and heard Mr. D'Alembert pronounce Eulogies upon divers Members deceased.
631 1778-04-30 He lives in all the Splendor and Magnificence of a Viceroy which is little inferiour to that of a King.
632 1778-05-01 We were shewn into the Library and all the Rooms and first Suite of Chambers in the House. The Library is very large and the Rooms very elegant and the Furniture very rich.
633 1778-05-02 Dined at Mr. Izzards with Mr. Lloyd and his Lady Mr. Francois and much other Company. After Dinner went to the Comedie Francoise and saw the Brutus of Voltaire and after it the Cocher Suppos. -- As I was coming out of the Box a Gentleman seized me by the Hand. -- I looked. -- Governer Wentworth Sir says he. -- Asked Questions about his Father and Friends in America &c.
634 1778-05-03 Mr. Izzard and Lady Mr. Lloyd and Lady Dr. Bancroft and much other Company dined with Dr. Franklin and me at Passi. Mrs. Izzard at my particular Desire brought her little Son and two little Daughters. We had all our young Gentlemen from the Accademy which made a pretty Shew of young Americans.
635 1778-05-04 Dined at Mr. Chaumonts with his Family and some other Company.
636 1778-05-05 J'ai pass le tout de ce jour chez moi. Monsieur Lee vint chez moi l'apres midi et nous travaillions dans l'Examen du Papiers publiques. -- En la Soiree Monsieur Chaumont vint chez moi et m'avertit 51 1778 May 5. de la Destination d'une Frigatte de trente deux Canons de Marseilles a Boston et que je puis ecrire si Je voulois.
637 1778-05-06 After Dinner went to the Review where the King reviewed his Guards French and Swiss about 8000 of them. The Shew was splendid as all other Shews are in this Country. The Carriages of the Royal Family were magnificent beyond my Talent at Description. Returned and drank Coffee with Mr. Lee walked home and drank Tea with Mr. Chaumonts Family and spent the Rest of the Evening in reading Cardinal Richelieu. 52
638 1778-05-07 Ce Matin [ sentence unfinished ]
639 1778-05-09 Dined with Madam Bertin. 54
640 1778-05-10 Messieurs BrattleWaldo Joy Johonnot Green and Austin dined with Us at Passi. After dinner We walked in the Bois du Boulogne as far as the new Seat of the Count D'Artois where We saw Mr. Turgot Mr. and Mm. La Frte and much other Company. Sunday in this Country is devoted to Amusements and Diversions. There are more Games Plays and Sports of every Kind on this day than on any other in the Week.
641 1778-05-11 Dined at Mr. Sorins at Passi.
642 1778-05-12 From this Hill We have a fine View of the Country and of the Kings Castle at Vincennes. My little Son and the other young Americans at the Pension dined with Us.
643 1778-05-13 Dined at M. Chaumonts with a great deal of Company. After Dinner took a Walk to Chaillot to see Mr. Lee who had a large Company of Americans to dine with him among the rest Mr. Fendell of Maryland and Dr. Smith Brother of Mr. Smith of N. York the Historian. 55
644 1778-05-15 Dined at Mr. Grands with all the Americans in Paris.
645 1778-05-17 Dined at home. Dr. Dubourg and Mr. Parker and another Gentleman dined with me.
646 1778-05-18 Dined at Mr. La Frt's Country Seat at the Foot of Mount Calvare. The House Gardens and Walks are very spacious. It lies upon the Seine -- nearly opposite to that whim Castle whimsically called Madrid built by Francis I. -- The Company Yesterday were all single Personnes except Mr. and Mm. La Frt and myself.
647 1778-05-19 After dinner M. Challut invited Dr. F. and me to go to the Opera and take a Seat in his Logis. We did. The Musick and dancing were very fine. 56
648 1778-05-20 A certain Taylor once stole an Horse and was found out and committed to Prison where he met another Person who had long followed the Trade of Horse Stealing. The Taylor told the other his Story. The other enquired why he had not taken such a Road and assumed such a Disguise and why he had not disguised the Horse? -- I did not think of it. -- Who are you? and what has been your Employment? -- A Taylor. -- You never stole a Horse before I suppose in your Life. -- Never. -- G-d d-n you what Business had you with Horse stealing? Why did not you content your Self with your Cabbage? -- F. [Franklin]
649 1778-05-21 Dined at home.
650 1778-05-22 Dined at home with a great deal of Company. Went after Dinner to see the Misanthrope of Moliere with Mr. Amiel. It was followed by the Heureusement. -- Called at the Microcosme. Called at Mr. Amiels at the Pension. 58
651 1778-05-23 Dined at Home with Company.
652 1778-05-24 Dined at Home.
653 1778-05-25 Dined at Home.
654 1778-05-26 I enquired of a certain Abbe who sat next me at Dinner who were the purest Writers of french. He gave me in writing L'Histoire universell du Bossuet. La Fontaine. Moliere. Racine. Rousseau. Le petit caerene [carme] de Massillon. Les sermons de Bourdaloue. 59
655 1778-05-29 The Inclination and the Apparatus in this Country for Amusements is worthy of observation. There is scarcely a genteel House but is furnished with Accommodations for every Sort of Play. Every fashionable House at least has a Billiard Table a Backgammon Table a Chess Board a Chequer Board Cards &c.
656 1778-05-30 The best french Prosody is the Poetique francoise de Marmontel. 60
657 1778-06-02 The Shades the Walks the Trees are the most charming that I have seen. 61
658 1778-06-07 At 9 O Clock at Night went to the grand Convert and saw the King Queen and Royal Family at Supper. Had a fine Seat and Situation close by the Royal Family and had a distinct and full View of the royal Pair.
659 1778-06-08 Dined with Mr. Alexander and went to the Concert. 62 [ -- ] 63
660 1778-07-04 I have omitted to keep any journal for a long Time in which I have seen a great many curious Things.
661 1778-07-06 Dined with the Abby's Chaillut and Arnaud. The Farmer General Mr. and Mrs. Izzard Mr. Lee Mrs. Gibbs and Mrs. Stevens and Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd were there. After dinner the Abby invited Us to the French Comedy where We saw the Malheureux imaginary and the Parti de Chasse d'Henri quatre.
662 1778-07-07 Dined at St. Lu with the Farmer general Challut.The Marshall Richelieu and many Abbes Counts Marquisses &c.
663 1778-07-14 Dined at Chatou with Mr. Bertine Ministre D'Etat. Went to see the Park where We rambled untill We were weary. 64
664 1778-07-25 It is an Amusement among some People here who understand a little English to give Samples of English Sentences hard to be pronounced. -- What think the chosen judges? Thrust this Thistle through this Thumb. An Apple in each Hand and a third in my Mouth.-- &c.
665 1778-08-16 Went to Church to the Chappell of the Duch Embassador in Paris where We had Prayer Books Psalme Books in french and a Sermon. The Preacher spoke good French I being judge and with much grace. I shall go again.
666 1778-08-17 Dined at Chatou with Mr. Bertin. After dinner went to view the Machine of Marli which forces up from the River Seine all the Water at Versailles and Marli. We walked up the Mountain to the Pavillion and Dwelling House of Madam de Barry. The Situation is one of the most extensive and beautiful about Paris. The Pavillion is the most elegantly furnished of any Place I have seen. The House Garden and Wallks are very magnificent. Mm. Barry was walking in the Garden. She sent Us word she should be glad to see Us -- but We answered it was too late We had so far to go. -- Mr. Le Roy of the Accademie of Sciences was with Us. As We returned We had an agreable Conversation upon philosophical Subjects.
667 1778-08-18 Mr. Challut says that the Rent of this Church is Eighty thousand Livres a Year barely the Rent of the Pews and Chairs and perhaps the Cellars. Out of this they maintain the officers of the Church and the Servants and Labourers that attend it and the organist c. -- but what becomes of the Remainder he did not say.
668 1778-08-30 Elements of Spanish Grammar by Del Pino and Dictionary of the Same. 66
669 1778-10-07 The Beginning of December would be the best Time to proceed from Hence -- the same Time from Boston. 68
670 1778-10-12 There are about three Boats Crews on each Ship which are twenty four Men. 71
671 1778-10-22 William Whitmarsh Jur. born in Braintree maried and living in Marblehead was taken Prisoner on board the Yankee Privateer Captain Johnson. by the After having taken two Ships the Prisonors rose upon them and carried [them] to England. Carried to Chatham and put on board the Ardent 64 Gun Ship Captn. Middleton. Next put on board the Mars 74 from thence on board the Vultur sloop for Spithead. At Spithead put on Board the Balfleur 90. -- 11 Oct. 1776 put on board the Rippon of 60 Guns Commodore Vernum [Vernon] bound to the East Indies. Sailed 24 Novr. from Spithead and arrived at Madrass 8 June 1777. -- 11 Aug. I left the Ship and went Upon the Malabar Coast -- from thence to a danish Island thence to Bengal -- thence to a danish Factory. Discharged from the danish Snow. In Novr. 17. I shipped on Board an East India man homeward bound. Sailed in December to Madrass. Arrived in Jany. 1778 -- sailed 6th. February -- arrived at Spithead 6 of Aug. -- 7 impressed. All the Men on board the Fleet were pressed Midshipmen Quarter Masters and all. -- 27. had a ticket of Liberty for 14 days. -- 11 September left London for Flushing. Arrived 27. -- 7 Oct. at Dunkirk. -- Never entered and never would. 72
672 1778-10-30 Last Saturday I dined with Mr. Grand in Company with Mr. Gebelin Author of the Monde Primitif.
673 1778-11-09 At Dinner I repeated this Paragraph to Dr. Franklin and said that I thought Mr. H's journey ought to be forbidden. The Dr. said he did not see how his coming could be forbid. I replied We could refuse to see him and that I thought We ought to see nobody from England unless they came with full Powers.... That little Emmissarys were sent by the King only to amuse a certain Sett of People while he was preparing for his designs. That there had been enough of this.... The Dr. sayd We could decline having any private Conversation with him.... 73
674 1778-11-26 Dined with the Abbes C [Chalut] and A. [Arnoux]. Returned at Night and found M. Turgot Abbe Condilac Mad.Helvetius and the Abbe &c. 74
675 1778-11-30 Orthodoxy is my Doxy and Heterodoxy is your Doxy. -- Definitions. F. [Franklin].
676 1778-12-02 Captn. Bernard. Says There are Two hundred and Thirty Sail of Merchand Ships lying at the Mother Bank near Spithead ready to sail to the West Indies loaded with all Kinds of Provisions and dry Goods and Warlike Stores. They are to be joined by about Thirty Sail that now lay in the Downs. They are to sail the first Wind after the two Fleets join. The Wind must be easterly. They all go to the Barbadoes where the Fleet for the Windward Islands seperates from that to the Leward Islands. They are to be convoyed out of the Channell by Twelve Ships of the Line Six of them to go through the Voyage to the W.I. Islands. -- As they commonly exagerate it is probable that not so many Men of War will go. There may be 8 or 9 Men of War go out of the Channell and perhaps two or three go thro the Voyage. They cannot probably spare 6 Vessells of the Line without leaving the French Masters of the Seas. 75
677 1779-02-02 M. Raynal is the most eloquent Man I ever heard speak in French. His Voice is sharp and clear but pleasant. He talks a great deal and is very entertaining. M. Gebelin is much less addicted to talking. He is silent soft and still. His Mind always upon the Stretch.
678 1779-02-04 Breakfasted with the Abbe Raynal at his House at his particular Invitation with a large Company of Gentlemen and Ladies. The Abb is more than Sixty seems worn with Studies but he has Spirit Wit Eloquence and Fire enough.
679 1779-02-05 The Duke de Rochefoucault Mr. Turgot Abbe Rochon and De la Roche dined here. 76
680 1779-02-08 In all this it is easy to see there is too much Declamation but the substantial Meaning of it is as appears to me exactly true as such as I will abide by unless future Evidence which I dont expect should convince me of any Error in it. 78
681 1779-02-09 On Dr. F. the Eyes of all Europe are fixed as the most important Character in American Affairs in Europe. Neither L. nor myself are looked upon of much Consequence. The Attention of the Court seems most to F. and no Wonder. His long and great Rep. [Reputation] to which L's and mine are in their infancy are enough to Account for this. His Age and real Character render it impossible for him to search every Thing to the Bottom and L. with his privy Council are evermore contriving. The Results of their Contrivances render many Measures more difficult. 81
682 1779-02-11 It is my indispensable Duty to tell the Comte de Vergennes that I think one great Cause of this horrid Address of Mr. Deane is Mr. Franklins Certificate in his favour that he was is an able and faithfull Negotiator and that Mr. Franklin was deceived in this -- Mr. F. that Mr. F.'s Knowledge actually in America for a great Many Years has not been long -- that he was Upright in this but deceived. That there are such certain and Infallible Proofs of Vanity Presumption Ambition Avarice and Folly in Mr. Deane as render him very unworthy of Confidence and therefore that Dr. F. has been deceived. 93
683 1779-02-12 The greatest Relief to my Mind that I have ever found since the Appearance of the Address. Now Business may be done by Dr. Franklin alone. Before it seemed as if nothing could be done.
684 1779-02-13 There is no such Thing as human Wisdom. All is the Providence of God. Perhaps few Men have guessed more exactly than I have been allowed to do upon several Occasions but at this Time which is the first I declare of my whole Life I am wholly at a Loss to foresee Consequences. 95
685 1779-03-03 Called on Mr. De Sartine who was not at home. Called on Mr. Genet. Mr. Genets son went with me and my son to see the Menagerie. 96
686 1779-03-04 Walked with Mr. Jennings to Calvare with my son. 97 [ -- ] 98
687 1779-03-12 Mr. Jno. Lloyd is a sensible Man. He says that the french officers of Marine consider Convoys as a disgracefull Service. They hate to be ordered to convoy Merchant Vessells. That when a Convoy is ordered the officer is negligent and the Merchant dares not complain. The Marine officers and Police officers and Custom house officers are connected together and if a Merchant complains he is marked out as an obnoxious Person and Advantages are taken of him so that he hold his Tongue. 2
688 1779-04-14 Had some Conversation with Mr. Johnson on the subject of a free Port. The Q. [Question] was between Nantes and L'orient. 100 Johnson is in favour of Nantes. The Advantages of the River and of the foreign Merchants settled there are his chief Argument. You have the Productions and Manufactures of Paris and the whole Country at Nantes by Water by means of the Loire.
689 1779-04-15 Dined at home.
690 1779-04-16 Dined with Mr. Williams. Mr. Johnson there. Walked after dinner along the River and about the Town.
691 1779-04-17 Nantes is pleasantly situated on the River and there are several agreable Prospects. The Views from the front Windows in the Row of Houses along the River is very beautiful.Mr. Schweighausser crauled up three Pair of Stairs to visit me this Morning.
692 1779-04-18 About six O Clock in the Evening Captain Landais returned came into my Chamber. The Alliance is safe arrived at Isle de St. Lazar with her Prisoners. 101
693 1779-04-22 I took a Walk this Morning to the back Part of the little Town of Paimbceuf and found behind it a pleasant country Prospect with one beautifull Country Seat of a Gentleman in sight.
694 1779-04-23 A violent Wind and Rain.
696 1779-04-25 Tullys offices and orations are an agreable Amusement 105 [ In the manuscript 105 was inadvertently numbered as 103 and all following s are affected. Thus the numbers appearing in the s will not match the numbers in the electronic . ] but toujours Tully is as bad as toujours Perdreaux and infinitely worse than toujours Sa femme alluding to the Anecdote of H. [Henri] 4. which I was told by the Abbey Reynalle.
697 1779-04-26 There is a Feebleness and a Languor in my Nature. My Mind and Body both partake of this Weakness. By my Physical Constitution I am but an ordinary Man. The Times alone have destined me to Fame -- and even these have not been able to give me much. When I look in the Glass my Eye my Forehead my Brow my Cheeks my Lips all betray this Relaxation. Yet some great Events some cutting Expressions some mean Scandals Hypocrisies have at Times thrown this Assemblage of Sloth Sleep and littleness into Rage a little like a Lion. Yet it is not like the Lion -- there is Extravagance and Distraction in it that still betrays the same Weakness. s 106 - 264 [ No s available ] [ s 106-264 contain many nineteenth century s of entries from 's earlier diaries. This electronic document presents s of the entries wrote in 47 it does not include the nineteenth century s. ] 265 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 266 [ -- ] 267 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 268 [ -- ] 269 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 270 [ -- ] 271 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 272 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 273 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 274 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 275 [ -- see ] [ Passages written in french. ] 276 [ ] [ More nineteenth century s of 's entires. This electronic document presents s of the entries wrote in 47 it does not include the nineteenth century s. ] s 277 - 287 [ s -- no s available ] 288 [ -- ]
698 1779-04-28 Dined at the Hotel with a Number of Navy Officers several with the Cross of St. Louis. Drank Tea at Mrs. Johnsons. Had much Conversation with him about Consuls Agents. He thinks one Consul enough for the Kingdom with Power of Deputation. This that a Duty of so much per Ton on all Ships entering a french Port for the Relief of unfortunate Americans Prisoners 3 Shipwrecked Persons &c. That no Man should be discharged from a Ship but by the Consul. That six ten or twelve Merchants should be appointed to inspect the Consuls accounts once in 3 Months c.
699 1779-05-07 This Evening arrived Capt. Jones from Baltimore. He sailed 28 March -- brings no News Papers nor News. No Dispatches from Congress. No Letters but to Mr. Johnson and a Packet for Bourdeaux.
700 1779-05-09 This Gentleman has been disappointed in Love and in his Ambition -- disappointed in the Promotion to which he aspired and in a Marriage of which he thought himself sure. He has not so much Activity Dispatch and Decision as [one?] could wish. He seems not to know how to gain or preserve the Affections of his Officers nor yet how to keep them in Awe. Complaisance firmness and Steadiness are necessary to the Command of a Ship. Whether it is his imperfect Knowledge of the Language or his Absence of Mind when poring upon his Disappointments or any defect in his Temper or judgment I know not but this happy Mixture seems to be wanting. His Lieutenants are smart Men quick and active -- not lettered it is true but good Seamen and brave.
701 1779-05-10 When I arrive I must enquire -- concerning Congress Ennemys Army R.I. N.Y. G. [Georgia] our Army our Currency Mass. Bay Boston &c.
702 1779-05-11 Dr. W. [Windship] told me of Tuckers rough tarry Speech about me at the Navy Board. -- I did not say much to him at first but damn and buger my Eyes I found him after a while as 9 sociable as any Marblehead man. -- Another of Hinman that he had been treated with great Politeness by me and his first Attention must be to see Mrs. Adams and deliver her Letters.
703 1779-05-12 I spoke very freely to Mr. Chaumont about my situation -- told him I was ill treated -- that I had many jealousies and Suspicions -- that I suspected it was an Intrigue.
704 1779-05-13 Excentricities and Irregularities are to be expected from him -- they are in his Character they are visible in his Eyes. His Voice is soft and still and small his Eye has keenness and Wildness and Softness in it.
705 1779-05-14 Mr. Gimaet came on board to visit me Aid de Camp of the Marquis de la Fayette.
706 1779-05-15 Coll. Wuibert tells a story. That at Angers a Bishop has been found unconsumed and uncorrupted after being buried many Years. They buried him up again and is to be dug up again after a certain time and if found entire is to be made a saint. His Preservation is to be a Miracle whereas the Truth is there is salt where he lies. This the Coll. calls Sottise.
707 1779-05-16 My Son could not comprehend why they should be so fond of Iron. He was told that Iron made the principal Difference between savage and civilised Nations. That all Arts and Manufactures depended upon Iron &c.
708 1779-05-17 I said the Roman Lawyers were good Writers. Justinians Institutes were pure as Classicks. Several French Lawyers had been fine Writer as Cochin &c. and some English Lawyers as Bacon Clarendon Couper Blackstone. But it was a common Observation in England and I found it as common in Paris that Lawyers were generally bad Writers.
709 1779-05-18 On Board all day reading Don Quixot.
710 1779-05-19 This of L'orient is a fine Port and Harbour. Men of War can come up to the Wharf and they commonly lie not far from it. But there is no such pleasant Prospects of the Country as in Boston Harbour. 22
711 1779-05-20 The 1st of May the fleet at Portsmouth of more than 400 Sail for N. York Quebec Newfoundland and Ireland put to Sea convoyed by 6 ships of the Line besides Frigates and armed Transports.
712 1779-05-21 Mr. Ingraham and Mr. Merrick dined with me in the Cabbin.
713 1779-05-22 This Man has a Littleness in his Mien and Air. His face is small and sharp. So that you form a mean Opinion of him from the first Sight. Yet his Eye is good. He maintained a good Character among the American Prisoners and you find by close Conversation with him that he has a good deal in him of Knowledge.
714 1779-05-23 There are many Protestants here who ne croient pas rien. Ils sont Athe.
715 1779-05-24 The Sensible has 28 twelve Pounders upon one deck.
716 1779-06-01 Dined on Shore at the Coffee House with Jones Landais the two Aids de Camp of the Marquis de la Fayette Capt. Cotineau.
717 1779-06-02 This Observation which I had never heard before struck me. The Dry Docks might be destroyed the Stores burnt or demolished the Magazines destroyed c. unless the Place could be defended by the Castle and other Fortifications with the Land Forces.
718 1779-06-08 Landais has torn open the old Sore and in my Opinion has now ruined the Peace of this Ship. 28 He has [an] unhappy Mind. He must ever have something to complain of -- something to peave and fret about. He is jealous.
719 1779-06-12 Beggars Servants Garcons Filles Decroteurs Blanchisseuses. Barges Batteaux Bargemen. Coffee houses Taverns. Servants at the Gates of Woods and Walks. Fruit Cakes. Ice Creams. Spectacles. Tailors for setting a Stitch in Cloaths. Waiters for running with Errands Cards &c. Cabbin Boys. Coach Hire. Walking Canes. Pamphlets. Ordonances. Carts. 30
720 1779-06-17 Mr. Hill also first Lieutenant of the Alliance is on Board but I know not by whose Influence. C. Jones or M. Chau. [Chaumont] probably.
721 1779-06-18 Mr. Marbois began with me again this Afternoon. Enquired who was Dr. Bancroft -- Who Dr. Berkenhout? &c &c. 36 [ -- ] s 37 - 38 [ s -- no s available ] 39
723 1779-06-19 Our Captain at length laid too hoisted his Colours and fired a Gun as a Challenge. One of them hoisted English Colours and fired a Gun which I suppose was accepting the Challenge. Our Captain gave her two Broad Sides for the Sake of exercising his Men and some of his Balls went beyond her some before and some behind her. I cannot say that any one hit but there were two which went so well that it is possible they might. It is certain they were frightened for upon our wearing to give her chase all 4 of them were about in an Instant and run. -- But at Evening there were several others in Sight.
724 1779-06-20 Mr. Marbois upon this said it would be easy in France to produce an Orator equal to Bolinbroke. I asked who? John Jac. [Jacques?] -- No Malesherbes. Malesherbes Orations might be placed on a Footing with Demosthenes and Cicero.
725 1779-06-21 I find a Gentleman in the Suit of the Chevalier in the Character of Interpreter and English Master who has written a large Volume upon English Pronunciation and Accent. His Name is Carr.
726 1779-06-22 In the Evening I fell into Chat with the Chevalier. He asked me about Governeur Morris. I said it was his Christian Name -- that he was not Governor. The Chevalier said He had heard of him as an able Man. I said he was a young Man chosen into Congress since I left it. That I had sat some Years with his Elder Brother in Congress. That Governeur was a Man of Wit of and made pretty Verses -- but of a Character trs legere. 50 That the Cause of America had not been sustained by such Characters as that of Governor Morris or his Colleague Mr. Jay who also was a young Man about 30 and not quite so solid as his Predicessor Mr. Laurence [Laurens] upon whose Resignation in the sudden Heat Mr. Jay was chosen. That Mr. Lawrence had a great landed Fortune free from Debt that he had long Experience in public life and an amiable Character for Honour And Probity. That he is between 50 and 60 Years of Age.
727 1779-06-23 Mr. M. asked are natural Children admitted in America to all Priviledges like Children born in Wedlock. -- I answered they are not Admitted to the Rights of Inheritance. But their fathers may give them Estates by Testament and they are not excluded from other Advantages. -- In France said M.M. they are not admitted into the Army nor any Office in Government. -- I said they were not excluded from Commissions in the Army Navy or State but they were always attended with a Mark of Disgrace. -- M.M. said this No doubt in Allusion to Mr. Fs. natural Son and natural Son of a natural Son. I let myself thus freely into this Conversation being led on 53 naturally by the Chevalier and Mr. Marbois on Purpose because I am sure it cannot be my Duty nor the Interest of my Country that I should conceal any of my sentiments of this Man at the same Time that I due Justice to his Merits. It would be worse than Folly to conceal my Opinion of his great Faults.
728 1779-06-24 The Chevalier de la Luzerne said I is of an high Family. -- Yes said Mr. Marbois he is of an ancient Family who have formerly had in it Cardinals and Marechalls of France but not lately. They were now likely to regain their Splendor for the Three Brothers are all very well at Court. 56
729 1779-06-28 One of the Officers have favoured me with the following
730 1779-06-30 He also told me that he himself Mr. Marbois was born in Metz where the Marchall Comte de Broglie is Commandant. That going lately to Metz to be admitted a Counsellor in Parliament he journeyed in Company with the Comte.
731 1779-07-02 It is true said the Chev. [Chevalier] -- our Court at some Periods of our History have mis beaucoup de Ruses dans leur Politique. But this had never any better Effect than to make Us distrusted by all Mankind. 61
732 1779-07-04 I returned Compliments to the Chevr. and the Gentlemen and Thanks for their kind Congratulations on my Countries Independence and sincerely wished as this was the foundation of the happy Alliance between France and America that the latest Posterity of both Countries might have Reason to rejoice in it. 62
733 1779-07-16 The Observateur Anglois is extreamly entertaining but it is ruined by an Intermixture of Debauchery and licentious Pleasure. It is vastly instructive to a Stranger in many curious Particulars of the political state of France -- gives Light upon many Characters. But probably has much Obloquy. 63
734 1779-07-17 He is unwilling to let me see Gerards Letters or what he writes. 64
735 1779-07-20 It is said that H. [Henri] 4. altho he honoured Jeannin with his Confidence and Trusts yet recompensed him very ill notwithstanding the magnificent Rewards he gave to Sully whose Modesty and Delicacy did not hinder him from asking for them. 65
736 1779-07-30 We are not yet arrived to the Banc of St. George. [ ] Calms contrary Winds and every [ ] &c. detain Us. Saw a Whale spouting and blowing and leaping to day in our Wake -- a Grampus they say.
737 1779-07-31 If We should be prospered so much as to arrive well what News shall We find public or private? We may find Dissappointments on Shore. -- But our Minds should be prepared for all. 67 [ -- ] s 68 - 80 [ s -- no s available ] [ s 72 - 73 are uncut. ] [ -- ] [ -- ]
738 1779-11-13 Took Leave of my Family and rode to Boston with my Son Charles nine years of Age last May. At four O Clock went on board the french Frigate the Sensible Mr. Thaxter my Son John twelve Years old last July and my Servant Joseph Stevens having come on Board in the Morning. -- I find the Frigate crouded with Passengers and Sailors full 350 Men. They have recruited a great Number here.
739 1779-11-16 Found a Grammar entitled lmens de la Langue Angloise ou Mthode pratique pour apprendre facilement cette Langue. Par M. Siret A Paris chez Ruault Libraire rue de la Harpe prs de la rue Serpente. 1773. Avec Approbation et Permission.
740 1779-11-24 Jer. A. [Jeremiah Allen] is a very different Man from his Brother J. None of that Wit Humour or Fun -- none of that volatile Genius appears. There is a Softness and a Melancholly in his face which indicates a Goodness. Not intemperate or vicious to Appearance.
741 1779-11-25 Arose at 4. A fair Wind and good Weather. We have passed the Grand Bank sounded Yesterday afternoon and found bottom in 30 fathom of Water on the Eastermost Edge of the Bank. 3 1779 Novr 25. Thursday.
742 1779-11-26 Leur Gouvernement (des Bataviennes) fut un Malange de Monarchie d'aristocratie et democratie. On y voioit un chef qui n'etoit proprement que le premier des Citoiens et qui donnoit moins des ordres que des Conseils. Les Grands qui jugeoient les Procs de leur district et commandoient les Troupes etoient choisis comme les rois dans les assemblees generales. Cent Personnes prises dans la Multitude servoient de Surveillans a chaque comte et de chefs aux differens hameaux. La nation entiere toit en quelque Sorte une Arme toujours Sur pied. Chaque famille y composoit un corps de Milice qui servoit sous le Capitaine qu'elle se donnoit. 4
743 1779-12-05 The Passage of the Pyrenees is represented as very difficult. It is said there is no regular Post. That we must purchase Carriages and Horses &c. I must enquire. 5
744 1779-12-07 Yesterday the Chevr. de la Molion gave me some Nuts which he call'd Noix d'Acajou. They are the same which I have often seen and which were called Cooshoo Nuts. The true name is Acajou Nuts. They are shaped like our large white Beans. The outside Shell has an Oil in it that is corrosive caustic or burning. In handling one of these Shells enough to pick out the meat I got a little of this oyl on my fingers and afterwards inadvertently rubbing my Eyes especially my Left I soon found the Lids swelled and inflamed up to my Eyebrow.
745 1779-12-08 Got into Ferrol where We found the french Ships of the Line went on Board the General Sade went ashore visited the Spanish General Don Joseph St. Vincent took a Walk about Town saw a great No. of Spanish and french officers. Returned on Board the Frigate.
746 1779-12-09 This Evening the French Consul arrived from Corunna and was introduced to me at my Chamber by the french Vice Consul at this Place. Both made me the politest Offers of Assistance of every Sort. 7
747 1779-12-10 Every Body congratulates Us on our Safe Arrival at this Place. The Leak in the Sensible increases since she has been at Anchor and every Body thinks We have been in great danger.
748 1779-12-13 Mr. de la Marthonie commands the Jason. 8
749 1779-12-14 It would be a pretty Work to shew how France Spain Holland Germany Russia Sweeden Denmark would gain. It would be easy to shew it. 13
750 1779-12-15 He asked me when this War would finish? I said Pas encore -- But when the Kings of France and Spain would take the Resolution to send 20 or 30 more line of Battle Ships to reinforce the Comte d'Estain and enable him to take all the British Forces and Possessions in America.
751 1779-12-16 There are in this Town Three Convents of Monks and two of Nuns. One of the Nunneries is of Capuchins very austere. The Girls eat no meat wear no linnen sleep on the floor never on a bed their faces are always covered up with a Veil and they never speak to any Body. 16
752 1779-12-17 Drank Tea with the Consul. The Attorney General was there and Mr. Logoanere and the Captain of the french Frigate the [Belle Poule.] 18
753 1779-12-18 Went into the Church of a Convent found them all upon their Knees chanting the Prayers to the Virgin it being the Eve of the Ste. Vierge. The Wax Candles lighted by their Glimmerings upon the Paint and Gilding made a pretty Appearance and the Music was good. 19
754 1779-12-19 The Consul gave me two Volumes Droit public de France: Ouvrage posthume de M. l'Abb Fleury compose pour l'education des Princes Et publi avec des Notes Par J. B. Daragon Prof. en l'Universit de Paris.
755 1779-12-20 Went to the Audiencia where We saw the four judges setting in their Robes the Advocates in theirs a little below and the Attorneys lower down still. We heard a Cause argued. The Advocates argued sitting used a great deal of Action with their Hands and Arms and spoke with Eagerness. But the Tone of oratory seemed to be wanting. 22
756 1779-12-22 The Administrator gave me a Map of Gibraltar and the Spanish Ships about it by Sea and Lines by Land. 24
757 1779-12-24 Dined on Board the Bellepoule with the Officers of the Galatea and the Bellepoule. 25
758 1779-12-25 Went to the Palace at 11. O Clock to take my Leave of his Excellency. Mr. O Heir the Governor of the Town went with me. The general repeated a Thousand obliging Things which he had said to me when I first saw him and dined with him.
759 1779-12-26 At half after two We mounted our Carriages and Mules and rode four Leagues to Betanzos the ancient Capital of the Kingdom of Gallicia and the Place where the Archives are still kept. We saw the Building a long Square stone Building without any Roof opposite the Church. There are in this Place two Churches and two Convents. The last League of the Road was very bad mountainous and rocky to such a degree as to be very dangerous. Mr. Lagoanere did Us the Honour to bear Us company to this Place. It would appear romantick to describe the House the Beds and the People.
760 1779-12-27 Baa monde. 28
761 1779-12-28 Mr. Lagoanere told Us that the Original of the affair of St. Iago was this. A Shepherd saw a bright Light there in the night. Afterwards it was revealed to an Archbishop that St. James was buried there. This laid the foundation of a Church and they have built an Altar on the Spot where the Shepherd saw the Light. Some time since the People made a Vow that if the Moors should be driven from this Country they would give so much of the Income of their Lands to St. James. The Moors were driven away and it was reported that St. James was in the Battle on Horse back with a drawn Sword and the People fulfilled their Vows by Paying the Tribute but lately a Duke of Alva a Descendant of the famous Duke has refused to pay for his Estate which has occasioned a Law suit which is carried by Appeal to Rome. The Duke attempted to prove that St. James was never in Spain. The Pope has suspended it. This looks like a Ray of Light. Upon the Supposition that this is the Place of the Sepulture of St. James there are great Numbers 31 of Pilgrims who visit it every Year from France Spain Italy and other Parts of Europe many of them on foot. St. Iago is called the Capitol of Galicia because it is the Seat of the Archbishop and because St. James is its Patron but Corunna is in fact the Capital as it is the Residence of the Governor the Audience &c. &c.
762 1779-12-30 We are obliged in this journey to carry our own Beds Blanketts Sheets Pillows &c. our own Provisions of Chocolat Tea Sugar Meat Wine Spirits and every Thing that We want. We get nothing at the Taverns but Fire Water and Salt. We carry our own Butter Cheese and indeed Salt and Pepper too.
763 1779-12-31 The Mules the Asses the Cattle Sheep Hogs &c. of this Country ought to be more particularly remarked. 34
764 1780-01-01 A Description of my Postilion. A little Hat covered with oyl Cloth flapped before. A black silk Cap of curious Work with a braided Tail hanging down his Back in the Spanish fashion. A cotton Handkerchief spotted red and white around his neck. A double breasted short jacket and Breeches. 36
765 1780-01-02 Rode from Villa franca de el Bierzo Rio Pte [Puente]. We dined at Ponferrada. We passed through several Villages and over Bridges and Rivers. We passed Campo de Narraya Cacabelos Rio P. [Puente] and Ponferrada where We dined. The Country grows smoother.
766 1780-01-03 Rode to Astorga. We passed through the Town and Country of the Marragattoes. The Town is small -- stands on a Brook in a great Plain. We met Coaches and genteel People as We went into Astorga.
767 1780-01-04 This day was brought me the Gazetta de Madrid of the 24 of December in which is this Article
768 1780-01-05 Leon which We entered in the Night has the Appearance of a large River City. 40 1780. January 5. Wednesday.
769 1780-01-06 The Grandee who is the Proprietor of the Land in and about Leon is the Comte de Luna a Descendant from the ancient Kings of Leon. He resides in Madrid and receives about sixty thousand Ducats or about thirty thousand dollars a Year of Rent from the Tenants partly in cash and partly in Grain. He has a Secretary and some other Agents who reside at Leon to collect his Rents. The Grandees of Spain all reside at Madrid. Former Kings in order to break up the Barons Wars called all the Nobles to Court and gave them Employments. [ -- ]
770 1780-01-07 I have not seen a Chimney in Spain except one of the french Consul at Corunna. One or two half Imitations of Chimneys in the Kitchens are all that I have seen. The Weather is very cold the frosts hard and no fire when We stop but a few Coals or a flash of Brush in the Kitchen full of Smoke and dirt and covered with a dozen Pots and Kettles and surrounded by 20 People looking like Chimney Sweepers. No 31. [ The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams ] No 31. [ The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams ] 2 [ -- ] 3
771 1780-01-08 From Astorga to this Place the face of the Country is altered. It is a plain. But there is little Appearance of Improvement Industry or Cultivation. No Trees of any Kind scarcely. No forrest or Timber or fruit trees. Scarcely any fences except a few mud Walls for Sheep folds. 5
772 1780-01-11 We passed through several Villages this day and rode along a River and arrived at Bribiesca. The Country a little more hilly than for some time past. But it has a naked and poor Appearance. 10
773 1780-01-12 A Spanish Kitchen is one of the greatest Curiosities in the World and they are all very much alike. 11
774 1780-01-13 From Ezpexo where We now are We go to Ordua which is 4 Leagues and to Bilbao which is six.
775 1780-01-14 It was a vexatious Thing to see the beautifull Valley of Orduna devoured by so many Hives of Drones. It is a beautifull a fertile and a well cultivated Spot almost the only one We have yet seen in Biscay capable of Cultivation.
776 1780-01-15 While We were absent our Walk Mr. Gardoqui and Son came to visit me.
777 1780-01-16 Reposed and wrote.
778 1780-01-17 The Lands in Biscay are chiefly in the Hands of the People -- few Lordships. The Duke of Berwick and the Duke of Medina Cli have some Estates here but not considerable. In the Spring Freshes the Water is deep enough upon Change and in the Streets for Vessells of 100 Tons to float. 20
779 1780-01-18 Spent the Day in Walking about the Town. Walked round the Wharf upon the River through the Market. Saw a plentiful Markett of Fruit and Vegetables Cabages Turnips Carrots Beets Onions &c. Apples Pairs &c. Raisens Figs nuts &c. -- Went as far as the Gate where We entered the Town -- then turned up the Mountain by the Stone Stairs and saw fine Gardens Verdure and Vegetation. Returned and viewed a Booksellers Stall. Then walked in succession thro every Street in the Town. Afterwards met Messrs. Gardoquis who went with Us to shew Us a No. of Shops. Glass Shops China Shops Trinket Shops Toy Shops and Cutlary Shops. I did not find any Thing very great. There are several Stores and Shops however pretty large and pretty full.
780 1780-01-19 We were honoured with two Salutes of 13 Guns each by Babson and with one by Lovat. We dined at the Tavern on shore and had an agreable day. Went to see a new Packett of the Kings on the Stocks and his new Rope walks which are two hundred and ten fathoms long. 22
781 1780-01-31 Went to the Comedy saw Amphitrion and Cartouche. Mr. A. L. [Arthur Lee] at Paris. Mr. I [Izard] at Amsterdam. Mr. W. L [William Lee] at Brussells.
782 1780-02-01 Dined Yesterday at the Hotel D'Angleterre with Mr. Maccartey Mr. Delap Mr. Vernon Mr. Bondfield and my Company at the Invitation of Sir Robert Finlay. Towards Evening Mr. Cabarras came in with the News of [a] Blow struck by Rodney upon the Spaniards off Gibraltar. 23
783 1780-02-05 The numerous Groves Parks and Forrests in this Country form a striking Contrast with Spain where the whole Country looks like a Mans face that is newly shaved Every Tree bush and shrub being pared away. 25 [ -- ] 26 [ -- ] 27
784 1780-07-27 I lodged in Brussells at L'hotel de L'Imperatrice. The Cathedral Church the Park the Ramparts and Canals of this Town are very well worth seeing. 28
785 1780-07-30 We lodged one night at Antwerp viewed the Cathedral and the Exchange &c. and went by Moerdyck to Rotterdam where We arrived the 4th. August.
786 1780-08-05 Lodged at the Mareschall De Turenne. Dined with Mr. Dubblemets. Went to see the Statue of Erasmus the Exchange the Churches &c. Mr. Dubblemets sent his Coach in the Evening and one of his Clerks. We rode round the Environs of the Town then to his Country Seat where We supped. -- The Meadows are very fine the Horses and Cattle large. The Intermixture of Houses Trees Ships and Canals throughout this Town is very striking. The Neatness here is remarkable. 31
787 1780-08-06 Went to the English Presbyterian Church and heard a sensible sermon the mode of Worship differs in nothing from ours but in the organ whose Musick joins in the Singing. s 32 - 69 [ s -- no s available ] 70
788 1780-08-28 It will be the Honour of Congress to form an Accademy for improving and ascertaining the English Language.
789 1780-08-30 Mr. Calkoen Keyzers Gragt. 4
790 1782-09-14 This Day Mr. Van Asp made me a Visit. This Gentleman is Charg d'Affairs of Sweeden since the Departure of The Baron D'Ehrenswerd for Prussia. He is a solid prudent Man. He very much admired my House and its Situation. I said smiling it was very well for a Beginning and that I hoped We should have an House at Stockholm e'er long. He smiled in return but said nothing. His Visit was not long. There is not a more sensible manly happy or prudent Countenance in the whole Diplomatick Body. He has desired Mr. Dumas to inform him as soon as the Treaty is signed that he may write itt to his Court before it arrives in the News papers. 8
791 1782-09-19 Went to the Comedy. Saw the Sage dans sa Retrait and Le Jugement du Midas -- both well represented. The Musick was good and the Show upon the Stage splendid. The Princess and all her Children were there. The foreign Ministers chiefly.
792 1782-10-01 Note. This is the Effect of the Step I took in notifying my Presentation to all the foreign Ministers. 9
793 1782-10-02 C.S. told me the News of the Destruction of the Spanish floating Batteries by the English red hot Bullets. He seemed much affected Said all Europe would laugh at them and that they deserved it for attempting 12 a Thing so evidently impossible. -- No Governments say he but Monarchies are subject to this kind of Misfortunes from absurdity. In France a Madame Pompadour or de Barry may ruin Kingdom. In Spain an absurd Prist Priest the Father Confessor of a superstitious King may so far gain his Confidence by working upon his conscience and superstitious Fears as to lead him into such foolish Councils. -- How much Mischief says I has Spain done in this just Cause.
794 1782-10-03 Answer. The Council of State and the Council of Commissioners are two distinct Bodies. -- De Raad van Staaten en de Gecommitteerde Raaden. -- The 1. is for the 7 Prov. -- the last for the Province of Holland only. 16 [ -- ]
795 1782-10-05 There is in the Rotterdamche Courant of to day the following Article from Philadelphia of the 7. August. Het is opmerklyk dat de Staaten Generaal de Onafhanglykheit der Vereenigde Staaten juist op den 19 April dezes Jaars erkend hebben zynde die dag de zevende Verjaring van 2
796 1782-10-07 The Prince in his Conference to day has 3 communicated his orders Correspondence relative to the Navy.
797 1782-10-08 While the Clerks were sealing the Treaties to day I cast an Eye on the Collection of Pictures of Claudius Civilis and asked the Gentlemen who was the Painter. Secretary Fagel answered me that it was Otto Oevenius a Dutch Painter Author of the Emblemata Horatiana. That each of those Pictures was formed upon some Passage of Tacitus. That his Father had been at the Pains to transcribe all those Passages and affix them to the back of the Picture. Upon this I turned one of them round and found a Paragraph.
798 1782-10-09 Mr. Thaxter and Mr. Storer have agreed to accompany me to Paris.
799 1782-10-10 Le Duc scait tres mauvais gr a ceux qui vont a L'hotel de 16 France. Il affecte le contraire leur dit mme non seulment qu'il y faut aller mais qu'ils feront bien et cherche ensuite de les desservir.
800 1782-10-11 Spent most of the day in signing Obligations for the United States. It is hard work to sign ones Name 1600 times after dinner.
801 1782-10-12 Spent the day in signing Obligations and packing the Treaties and dispatches.
802 1782-10-13 Vischer and Gyselaer have been pumping D to get out of him my Secret. But luckily it was not in him. They insinuated to him that bent had received Instructions to exchange full Powers with American Ministers. That these were about to speak in a high tenir une haute Langage. That there would be no Congress Vienna nor Brussells but the Peace would be made at Paris. This they learn I suppose from the Dispatches of their Ministers Berkenrode and Brantzen. 18
803 1782-10-14 Fell into Conversation after Dinner with SarsefieldRenovalles &c. about Biscay Friesland &c. S. said the Genius of certain People had preserved them Priviledges. -- What is the Genius of People? says I. It is a Manufacture it is the Effect of Government and Education &c -- S. run on about the Panurge Pantagruel &c. of Rabelais the Romeo and Julliet of Shakespeare the Mandragore of Machiavel the Tartuff of Moliere &c. &c.
804 1782-10-15 He says the Prince has lately said that some Foreigner would soon interest himself in the Affairs of the Republick. He wished if I could be usefull to them at Versailles or here with the Duke that I would.
805 1782-10-16 Mr. De Linden told me that their H.M. had lately consulted with all their Amirals and best Master Builders and had endeavoured to discover the best possible Model of a Ship and that he would send it to me as he did the next Morning. I have desired Mr. Dumas to send it to Congress. -- Received an Invitation from Court to sup tomorrow night. Sent an Excuse.
806 1782-10-17 Began my journey to Paris from the Hague dined at Harlem and drank Tea at five O Clock at Amsterdam. Paid Mr. Bromfield 200 Ducats 1050 Guilders and took his Receipt upon Account... Met Mr. Willink upon the Road going to the Hague with a Lady. He has left for me a Letter of Credit upon Paris unlimited. He wished my journey to Paris might have a Tendency towards Peace.
807 1782-10-18 It is 8 hours Stones or Leagues from Amsterdam to Utrecht. The Village of Suylen and its Neighbourhood is full of Brick Killns. The Clay is found in that Neighborhood and they burn the Bricks with Turf Wood and Coal. Put up at Utrecht at the New Castle of Antwerp which is now kept by Oblet who speaks English very well altho born at Leyden. The grand Canal which runs through this Town is a great Curiosity. The paved Street upon each Side of it is a covered Way or rather the Cover of a Cellar. The Cellars of the Houses are all continued out under this Paved Street to the Canal. And there are Doors through which Men pass from the Canal under the Street into the Cellars of the Houses and a contra from the Cellars to the Canal and the Boats Barks or Schuits in it. The city maintains the Pavement but the Vaults underneath are maintained by the Proprietors.Oblet tells me that the Spanish and Prussian Ambassadors were here a few days ago. Came in an hired Carriage. That Lord Stormont and his Lady were once here. Travelled only with 2 Men Servants. Very near. My Lady had not so much as a Maid with her.Peterson is much hated.Oostergo makes a damned noise to day about the fleets not going to Brest.
808 1782-10-19 The 4 last Leagues being Sand were tolerable but the former 4 being Clay were very bad -- muddy and deep.
809 1782-10-20 This Evening all the Carriages of the Town were parading in the place de Mier full of Ladies and Gentlemen as on the Boulvards at Paris.
810 1782-10-21 The Gate was shut before our Arrival. The Porter demanded my Name and Quality in order to send them to a Burgomaster of the City for a Billet du Porte. The Messenger returned with an order to admit Mr. Adams Minister Plenipotentiaire des Etats Unis &c. in stronger terms than usual. I did not know but the Burgomaster would have omitted the Quality in the order. But I am told that every body here is American.
811 1782-10-22 We set off on our journey about Twelve but before We reached Halle the Iron Axletree of our fore Weels snapped off like a Piece of Glass our Carriage fell and We were put to great difficulty to drag it to the Porte Verde a Tavern in this Village. Being thus detained for the Reparation of our Carriage after Dinner We walked about the Village and visited the Church of Notre Dame de Halle but saw nothing but what is very common. The Village is dirty and poor.... What a Contrast to the Villages of Holland.
812 1782-10-23 All the Cities and Villages of Brabant are very different from those of Holland. The Streets very foul. The Houses very dirty the Doors and Windows broken Bricks and Glass wanting. The People Men Women and Children filthy and ragged.
813 1782-10-24 Dined at Cambray visited the Cathedral saw the Tomb of Fenelon his Statue Picture &c. Saw the Chapter where the Chanoines meet twice a Week and saw also the 31 Room where are the Portraits of all the Archbishops and Bishops ancient and Modern and Fenelon among the rest. There is also in this Church a curious Piece of Clock Work which represents the whole Proscess with Jesus Christ like that in the 7 Chappells of Mount Calvare. -- Lodged at Peronne.
814 1782-10-25 The Ecchoing horn The ecchoing horn calls the Sportsmen abroad To horse my brave Boys and away The morning is up and the Cry of the hounds Upbraids our too tedious Delay. What Pleasure We find in pursuing the Fox O'er hills and o'er Valleys he flies Then follow W'ell soon overtake him. Huzza The Traitor is seized on and dies. Tryumphant returning at night with our Spoils Like Bacchanals shouting and gay How Sweet with a Bottle and Lass to refresh And loose the Fatigues of the Day. With Sport Love and Wine fickle Fortune defy Dull Wisdom all Happiness sours Since Life is no more than a Passage at best Let's strew the Way over with Flowers. 32
817 1782-10-27 R. is still full of Js. Firmness and Independance. Has taken upon himself to act without asking Advice or even communicating with the C. [Comte] de V. [Vergennes] -- and this even in opposition to an Instruction. This Instruction which is alluded to in a Letter I received at the Hague a few days before I left it has never yet been communicated to me. It seems to have been concealed designedly from me. The Commission to W. was urged to be filled up as soon as the Commission came to O. [Oswald] to treat with the Mins. [Ministers] of the united States and it is filled up and signed. W. has lately been very frequently with J. at his house and has been very desirous of perswading F. to live in the same house with J. -- Between two as subtle Spirits as any in this World the one malicious the other I think honest I shall have a delicate a nice a critical Part to Act. F.s cunning will be to divide Us. To this End he will provoke he will insinuate he will intrigue he will maneuvre. My Curiosity will at least be employed in observing his Invention and his Artifice. J. declares roundly that he will never set his hand to a bad Peace. Congress may appoint another but he will make a good Peace or none. 4
818 1782-10-28 Dined with Mr. Allen.
819 1782-10-29 Dined at the Hotel du Roi. Mr. R. dined with Us. In the Evening I went out to Passy to make my Visit to Franklin.
820 1782-10-30 Dined with Mr. Jay.
821 1782-10-31 Dined with Mr. Oswald. Dr. F. Mr. Jay Mr. Oswald Mr. Stretchy Mr. Roberts and Mr. Whitford.
822 1782-11-01 Dined at Passy with Mr. F.
823 1782-11-02 Almost every Moment of this Week has been employed in Negotiation with the English Gentlemen concerning Peace. We have made two Propositions. One the Line of forty five degrees. The other a Line thro the Middles of the Lakes. And for the Bound between Mass. and Nova Scotia -- a Line from the Mouth of St. Croix to its Source and from its Source to the high Lands. 5
824 1782-11-03 No says the Cat: I wont let go and fall you shall stoop and set me down.
825 1782-11-05 Oswald talks of Pultney and a Plott to divide America between France and England. France to have N. England. They tell a Story about Vergennes and his agreeing that the English might propose such a division but reserving a Right to deny it all. These Whispers ought not to be credited by Us.
826 1782-11-09 I went out to Passy to dine with Mr. F. who had been to Versailles and presented his Memorial and the Papers accompanying it. The C. said he would have the Papers translated to lay them before the King but the Affair would meet with many Difficulties. F. brought the same Message to me from the C. and said he believed it would be taken kindly if I went. I told both the Marquis and the Dr. that I would go tomorrow Morning.
827 1782-11-10 Compliments are the Study of this People and there is no other so ingenious at them. 16
828 1782-11-11 We had more Conversation on the State of Manners in France EnglandScotland and in other Parts of Europe but I have not Time to record this. 20
829 1782-11-12 The Abby Arnoux asked me at Table Monsieur ou est votre Fils Cadet qui chant come Orphe. -- Il est du retour en Amerique. -- To Mademoiselle Labhard he said Connoissez vous que Monsieur Adams a une Demoiselle tres aimable en Amerique?
830 1782-11-13 This is the Anniversary of my quitting home. Three Years are compleated. Oh when shall I return? --Ridley dined with me. Captain Barney called in the Evening and took my dispatches. One set he is to deliver to Capt. Hill another to Capt. and the 3d he takes himself.
831 1782-11-17 How says I will an independant Man in one of our Assemblies consider this. We will take a Man who is no Partisan of England or France one who wishes to do justice to both and to all Nations but is the Partisan only of his own. [ This entry continues in John Adams 36. ]
833 1782-11-18 Thank you for your good Will says I which I feel to be sincere. But Nations dont feel as you and I do and your nation when it gets a little refreshed from the fatigues of the War when Men and Money are become plenty and Allies at hand will not feel as it does now. We never can be such damned Sots says he as to think of differing again with you. -- Why says I in truth I have never been able to comprehend the Reason why you ever thought of differing with Us. 11
834 1782-11-19 If the Britons should strike with Us I would agree with you 13 after the terms are signed to advise to the Measure. If I were the King of G. Britain I would give Orders to all my Ambassadors at the Neutral Courts to announce to those Courts the Independence of America that I had acknowledged it and given a Commission under the Great Seal to treat with the Ministers of the United States of America. That I recommended to these Courts to follow the Example and open Negotiations with the said United States. That I recommended to those neutral States to send their Vessells freely to and receive Vessells freely from all the Ports of the United States. I would send the Earl of Effingham Ambassador to Congress instructed to assure them that I would no do them my best Offices to secure to them the Fisheries their Extent to the Missisippi and the Navigation of that River. That I would favour all their Negotiations in Europe upon their own Plan of making commercial Treaties with all Nations. That I would interpose my good offices with the Barbary States to procure them Mediterranean Passes &c.
835 1782-11-20 Today I received a Letter from my Excellent Friend Mr. Laurens 12 Nov.London in answer to mine of the 6. agreeing as speedily as possible to join his Colleagues. Thank God I had a Son who dared to die for his Country! 21
836 1782-11-21 Ridley and Bancroft came in and spent the Evening. B. says that Mr. Oswald dont feel very well that he thinks of going home. That the K. will bring in some of the old Minsters &c.
837 1782-11-22 I said I wondered that Mr. Fox had not sent over some Friend here during the Conferences to pick up what he could of Intelligence. But upon Recollection I said his Friends RichmondKeppell Townsend Cambden &c. were in the Council and Cabinet and therefore no doubt informed him of all Intelligence and let him into all the Secret of Affairs. [ This entry continues in 37. ]
839 1782-11-23 Spent part of the Evening at Mrs. Izards. Mr. Oswald sent for Jay desired to meet him at either house. Mr. Jay went and I came off. 3
840 1782-11-25 Bancroft came in this Evening and said it was reported that a Courier had arrived from Mr. Rayneval in London and that after it the C. de Vergennes told the King that he had the Peace in his Pocket. That he was now Master of the Peace.
841 1782-11-26 The rest of the Day was spent in endless Discussions about the Tories. Dr. F. is very staunch against the Tories more decided a great deal on this Point than Mr. Jay or my self. 12
842 1782-11-27 Dined with Mr. Jay and spent some time before Dinner with him and Dr. Franklin and all the Afternoon and Evening with them and Mr. Oswald endeavouring to come together concerning the Fisheries and Tories.
843 1782-11-28 That the Subjects of his Britannic Majesty and the People of the said United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the Right to take Fish of every kind on the Grand Bank and on all the other Banks of Newfoundland: also in the Gulph of St. Laurence and in all other Places where the Inhabitants of both Countries used at any time heretofore to fish and the Citizens of the said United States shall have Liberty to cure and dry their Fish on the Shores of Cape Sables and of any of the unsettled Bays Harbours or Creeks of Nova Scotia or any of the Shores of the Magdalene Islands and of the Labradore Coast: And they shall be permitted in Time of Peace to hire Pieces of Land for Terms of Years of the legal Proprietors in any of the Dominions of his said Majesty whereon to erect the necessary Stages and Buildings and to cure and dry their Fish. 13
844 1782-11-29 Mr. Jay spoke up and said it could not be a Peace it would only be an insidious Truce without it.
845 1782-11-30 I have not attempted in these Notes to do justice to the Arguments of my Colleagues both all of whom were throughout the whole Business when they attended very attentive and very able especially Mr. Jays to whom the French would if they knew as much of his negotiations as they do of mine would very justly give the Title with which they have inconsiderately decorated me that of Le Washington de la Negotiation a very flattering Compliment indeed to which I have not a Right but sincerely think it belongs to Mr. Jay. 24 [ -- ]
846 1782-12-01 Made many Visits &c.
847 1782-12-03 In the Evening many Gentlemen came in among the rest Mi Bourse the Agent of the Dutch East India Company who expressed a good deal of Anxiety about their Negotiation and feared they should not have justice in the East Indies.
848 1782-12-04 I hope it will be permitted to me or to some other who can do it better some Ten or fifteen Years hence to collect together in one View my little Negotiations in Europe. Fifty Years hence it may be published perhaps 20. I will venture to say however feebly I may have acted my Part or however whatever Mistakes I may have committed yet the Situations I have been in between angry Nations and more angry actions have been some of the most singular and interesting that ever happened to any Man. The Fury of Ennemies as well as of Elements the Subtilty and Arrogance of Allies and what has been worse than all the jealousy Envy and little Pranks of Friends and CoPatriots would form one of the most instructive Lessons in Morals and Politicks that ever was committed to Paper. 7
849 1782-12-05 Dined at Mr. Jays with Mr. Fitsherbert Oswald Franklin Laurens and their SecretariesEllis Whitefoord Franklin and Laurens. Mr. Jennings was there too he came home and spent the Evening with me.
850 1782-12-06 He says there will be an outrageous Clamour in England on Account of the Fisheries and the Loyalists. -- But what is done is irrevocable.
851 1782-12-07 Dined with my Family at the Place Vendome the Abby Chaluts. An Abby there crys voila la Semence dune autre Guerre.
852 1782-12-08 At home all Day. Mr. Jennings Mr. Grand Pere et Fils Mr. Mason and Mr. Hoops called upon me. 9
853 1782-12-09 Give me leave to tell you Sir says I you are mistaken. If I have not been mistaken in the Policy of France from my first Observation of it to this hour they have been as averse to other Powers acknowledging our Independence as you have been. -- Mr. Jay joined me in the same Declaration. -- God! says he I understand it now. There is a Gentleman going to London this day. I will go home and write upon the Subject by him.
854 1782-12-10 1. The Liberty of Navigation. 2. That no Forts shall be built or Garrisons maintained upon any of the Frontiers in America nor upon any of the Land Boundaries. 3. That the Island of Bermudas be ceeded to Us -- or independent or not fortified or that no Privateers be fitted or sent out from thence or permitted to enter there or prizes carried in. 4. That the Isle of Sables remain the Property of its present owner and under the jurisdiction of the United States or Massachusetts. 5. That the Account of Prisoners be ballanced and the Sums due for their subsistence &c. be paid and the Ballance of Prisoners paid for according to the Usages of Nations.
855 1782-12-11 Dined with Mr. Laurens.
856 1782-12-12 Met at Mr. Laurens's and signed the Letter I had drawn up to Mr. Dana which I sent off inclosed with a Copy of the Preliminaries and consulted about Articles to be inserted in the definitive Treaty. Agreed that Mr. Jay and I should prepare a joint Letter to Congress. At 7. I met Mr. Jay at his House and We drew a Letter. 16
857 1782-12-13 which I carried first to Mr. Laurens who made some Corrections and Additions and then to Passy to Dr. Franklin who proposed a few other Corrections and shewed me an Article he has drawn up for the definitive Treaty to exempt Fishermen Husbandmen and Merchants as much as possible from the Evils of future Wars. This is a good Lesson to Mankind at least. All agreed to meet at my House at 11 tomorrow to finish the joint Letter.
858 1782-12-16 Mr. Fitsherbert and Mr. OswaldMr. Laurens &c. dined with me
859 1782-12-17 We met at Mr. Laurens's at Dr. Franklins Summons or Invitation at 11 O Clock. He produced a Letter to him from the Comte de Vergennes and a Project of an Answer which he had drawn up which We advised him unanimously to send. 17
860 1782-12-19 Mr. L. told me this Morning that the Salt Pits in England are directly under the River Dee and that Ships sail over the Heads of the Workmen. Bay Salt is such as is made in France and Spain round the Bay of Biscay. Rock Salt from Saltertudas. 18
861 1782-12-20 Dined with Mr. Laurens.
862 1782-12-21 Mr. Jay is uneasy about the French Troops in America -- afraid that more are going and that they will overawe our Councils. That France is agreed with England upon her Points and that the War will be continued for Spanish Objects only. In that Case We are not obliged to continue it.
863 1782-12-22 Made several Visits &c.
864 1782-12-23 Received from Monsieur Geoffroy Docteur Regent de la Faculte de Medicine de Paris a Letter of Thanks from the Societe Royale de Medecine for my Letter to him proposing a Correspondence between that Society and the Medical Society at Boston. Made several Visits. &c. Went to the Italian Comedy saw Les Troqueurs the two Harlequins &c.
865 1782-12-24 There are Men who carry the Countenance and Air of Boys through Life. This Evening Mr. Jay told me an extraordinary Story of Lord Mount Steuart the British Minister at Turin which he had from Mr. Oswald.
866 1782-12-26 Mr. Vaughan shew 'd me to day a parcel of new French Books. Le Systeme naturelle Le Systeme moral Le Systeme Social Le Systeme Politique. There is one Shop tolerated in selling forbidden Books. -- Vaughan has a Brother in Philadelphia who has written him a long Letter about the Constitutionists and the Republicans. They have chosen Mr. Dickinson Governor and Mr. Mifflin into Congress. 23 [ -- ] 24 [ -- ]
867 1783-01-01 The same day I called upon Mr. Jay and asked him to speak with Mr. Oswald upon the same Subject called next upon Mr. Laurens and mentioned the same Idea to him called at Mr. Oswalds to talk with him upon it but he was gone out.
868 1783-01-05 Dined with M. Vaughan in Company with the Abby de Mably Chalut Arnoux and Ter Saint [Tersan]. -- Had more Conversation with de Mably than at any Time before. He meditates a Work upon our American Constitutions. He says the Character he gives of Herodian in his last Work Sur la maniere d'ecrire L'histoire has procured to his Bookseller Purchases for all the Copies of that Historian which he had in his Shop.Arnoux said that Rousseau by his Character of Robinson Crusoe helped his Bookseller to the Sale of an whole Edition of that Romance in a few days.
869 1783-01-11 This Letter and other Circumstances convince me that the Plan is laid between the C. de Vergennes and the Dr. to get Billy made Minister to this Court and not improbably the Dr. to London. Time will shew.
870 1783-01-12 Mr. Vaughan said this was very important Information and entirely new. That he [ ] was much enlightened and had Sentiments upon the Occasion. That he would write it to the E. of Shelburne and his Lordship would make great Use of it without naming me &c.
871 1783-01-13 I told him what I told Yesterday to Vaughan and gave him some short Account of my Correspondence with the C. de Vergennes upon the Question whether I should communicate to Lord G. Germain my Commissions and his Requisition from the King not to do it &c. 8
872 1783-01-19 Received a Note from Mr. Franklin that the C. de Vergennes had written to him to desire me to meet him at his office tomorrow at ten. Went out to Passy told Mr. Franklin that I had been informed last night that the Comte was uneasy at Mr. Oswalds going away because he expected to sign the Preliminaries in a day or two.
873 1783-01-20 Returned to Paris and dined with the Duchess D'Anville and the Duke de la Rochefaucault.
874 1783-01-21 The King appeared in high Health and in gay Spirits: so did the Queen.M. [Madame] Elizabeth is grown very fat. The C. D'Artois seems very well. Mr. Fitsherbert had his first Audience of the King and Royal Family and dined for the first time with the Corps Diplomatique. 10
875 1783-01-23 I told him the Story of my Correspondence with the C. de Vergennes in 1780 about communicating my Mission to Lord G. Germain. He said if I had followed my own Opinion and written to his Lordship and published the Letter it would have turned out the old Ministry. I told him I was restrained by a Requisition from the King. Besides the Defeat of D'Estaing and Langara had turned the Heads of the People of England at that time. 11
876 1783-02-18 I have been injured and my Country has joined in the Injury. It has basely prostituted its own honour by sacrificing mine. But the Sacrifice of me for my Virtues was not so servile and intollerable as putting Us all under Guardianship. Congress surrendered their own Sovereignty into the Hands of a French Minister. Blush blush! Ye guilty Records! blush and perish! It is Glory to have broken such infamous orders. Infamous I say for so they will be to all Posterity. How can such a Stain be washed out? Can We cast a veil over it and forget it? 12
877 1783-02-24 F. [Franklin] this Morning mentioned to me the Voyage de la Fonte who mentions a Captain Chapley and a Seymour Gibbons. F. thinks it is translated from the Spanish and that the Translator or Printer has put Seymour for Seignor. He had once a Correspondence about this Voyage and Mr. Prince found there had been a Captain Chapelet at Charlestown and a Gibbons but not named Seymour.
878 1783-02-25 He mentions a new Sort of Bark much redder and much stronger than any known before.
879 1783-02-27 Spent the Evening in Company with the Abby de Mably some other Abbys and Accademicians. 13 De Mably says There are in France Three Orders of Citizens. The first Order is of the Clergy. 2. The Second of the Nobility. 3. And the third is called Le Tiers Etat. -- There are several Classes in the Order of the Clergy 7 or 8 Classes in the Order of Nobles and Thirty Classes in the Tiers Etat. The Nobles all believe that their Nobility is from God. And therefore the Nobles are all equal and that the King cannot confer Nobility.
880 1783-03-07 With Regard to the fifth that respecting the Loyalists it would produce much Evil. It would 14 It would totally defeat the Recommendations which Congress were pledged to make in favour of the Loyalists and put them in a worse Predicament than that they already stood in by the Treaty. In order to support this Assertion Mr. Townsend reasoned a good deal on the great danger arising at all times from creating Jealousies and Suspicions in Parties negotiating but if there was any Party more prone to jealousy any State more liable to catch Suspicion sooner than another it must be the United States of America on Account of their having been little accustomed to the Business of negotiating and being obliged to trust their first and dearest Interests in the hands of Persons of whose Fidelity they had scarcely any pledge o f Security. Mr. Townsend concluded with saying that for these Reasons he should resist the fifth Resolution as well as the fourth.
881 1783-03-08 Chatelux said to the Abby Morlaix that I was the Author of the Massachusetts Constitution and that it was the best of em all and that the People were very contented with it. 15
882 1783-03-09 Dialogue sur les Bleds par L'Abbe Galliany. 18
883 1783-04-27 Much Conversation passed which might as well have been spared. Mr. Hartley was as copious as usual. I called on Mr. Jay in the Evening and We agreed to meet at my House next Morning at 10.
884 1783-04-28 We drew together a Proposition for withdrawing the Troops opening the Ports and quieting the Tories and went with it in my Carriage to Mr. Laurens who thought it might do. I said to my Brothers I shall be very ductile about Commerce. I would agree at once to a mutual Naturalization or to the Article as first agreed on by Dr. F. and Mr. Jay with Mr. Oswald or I would agree to Mr. Hartleys Propositions to let the Trade go on as before the War or as with Nova Scotia. I could agree to any of these Things because that Time and the natural Course of Things will produce a good Treaty of Commerce. G.B. will soon see and feel the 19 Necessity of alluring American Commerce to her Ports by Facilities and Encouragements of every kind. We called at Mr. Hartleys Hotel de York. He was out. At Mr. Jays Mr. Hartley came in. We told him We thought of making him a Proposition tomorrow and would meet him at Mr. Laurens's at one. Wrote to Dr. Franklin and W. T. Franklin desiring their Attendance at Mr. Laurens's Hotel de L'Empereur at 11. tomorrow. Received an Answer that they would attend. Mr. Hartley desired of me Letters of Introduction for Il Comte di Ferm a Cousin of the Neapolitan Ambassader in London who is going to America which I promised him and wrote in the Evening.
885 1783-04-29 At 11 We all met at Mr. Laurens's near the new French Comedy and agreed upon a Proposition to open the Ports as soon as the U. States should be evacuated. At one Mr. Hartley came and We shewed it to him and after some Conversation with him We agreed upon 3 Propositions. 1. To open the Ports as soon as the States should be evacuated. 2. To set all confined Tories at Liberty at the same time and 3. To set all Prisoners of War at Liberty upon the same terms respecting the Accounts of their Expences as those between France and England. 20
887 1783-04-30 He said his Commission would come as soon as the Courier could go and return and that he would prepare his Propositions for the definitive Treaty immediately. He said he had not imagined that We had been so stout as he found Us. -- But he was very silent and attentive. He has had hints I suppose from Laurens and Jay and Franklin too. He never before discovered a Capacity to hearken. He ever before took all the Talk to himself. I am not fond of talking but I wanted to convey into his Mind a few Things for him to think upon. None of the English Gentlemen have come here apprized of the Place where their danger lay. 23
888 1783-05-01 I told him he and I were in the same Case and explained to him my Situation and gave him my frank Sentiments of a certain Minister. He said he was veritablement touch.
889 1783-05-02 In Truth Congress and their Ministers have been plaid upon like Children trifled with imposed upon deceived. Franklin's Servility and insidious faithless Selfishness is the true and only Cause why this Game has succeeded. He has aided Vergennes with all his Weight and his great Reputation in both Worlds has supported this ignominious System and blasted every Man and every Effort to shake it off. I only have had a little Success against him.
890 1783-05-03 Mr. Hartley proposes allso that We should agree that all the Carrying Places should be in Common. This is a great Point. These Carrying 2
891 1783-05-05 Dined with my Family at C. Sarsefields. The Dukes de la Vauguion and de la RochefaucaultMr. Jay &c. of the Party.
892 1783-05-06 Dined at Mr. Jays. Lt. General Mellville who is here to solicit for the Inhabitants of Tobago the Continuance of their Assembly and Tryals by jury was there.
893 1783-05-07 Dined at Mr. Caluns [Calonne's].
894 1783-05-08 The Duke de la Vauguion and Mr. Hartley Mr. Laurens and JayMr. Barclay and Ridley dined with me.
895 1783-05-09 Dined with Mr. Laurens with a large Company. The M. de la Fayette shewed me the Beginning of an Attack upon the Chancellor &c. &c.
896 1783-05-10 Dined with the M. de la Fayette with a large American Company. [ in left margin: The Commissions of the Comtes de Vergennes and D'Aranda on the 20 of January were plainer than ours and upon Paper. The French reserve their Silver Boxes to the Exchange of Ratifications.]
897 1783-05-19 The American Ministers met Mr. Hartley at my House and he shewed Us his Commission and We shewed him ours. His Commission is very magnificent the Great Seal in a Silver Box with the Kings Arms engraven on it with two large gold Tassells &c. as usual. 4
898 1783-05-20 Mr. Hartley said he was of my Mind and had said as much to Mr. Fox before he left London. But the King would stand by the Statholder. 7 1783 Tuesday May 20 The King says he will go wrong in Holland and in Ireland and Scotland too but it will all work against himself. There are discontents in Scotland as well as Ireland. We shall have Struggles but I dont dread these. We shall have settled with America and the American War was all that I dreaded.
899 1783-05-21 The Gentlemen desired me to draw an Answer to Mr. Grands Letter and a Letter to the Bankers in Amsterdam which I agreed to do and lay it before them at their next Meeting.
900 1783-05-22 Dela Lande and Fynje Bankers of the United States of America at Amsterdam.
901 1783-05-23 Mr. J. told me that the C. de Vergennes turned to him and Mr. Franklin and asked Ou est Mr. Adams? Franklin answered Il est a Paris. -- Then turning to Jay he said Ce Monsieur a Beaucoup de L'Esprit et beaucoup de Tete aussi. --Jay answered Ouy Monsieur Monsieur Adams a beaucoup D'Esprit. 2
902 1783-05-25 Mr. Hartley Barclay dined with me after having been out to see Dr. Franklin. The Doctor he says is greatly disappointed in not having received Letters from Congress containing his Dismission. He wants to get out of this and to be at home with his Family. He dont expect to live long.
903 1783-05-26 I hope for News to day from the Hague. 3
904 1783-06-01 Herreria dined there and the Duke of Berwick. 6
905 1783-06-08 Went to Versailles on the Day of Pentecote.
906 1783-06-17 The Sardinian Ambassador said to me it was curious to remark the Progress of Commerce. The Furs which the Hudsons Bay Company sent to London from the most northern Regions of America were sent to Siberia within 150 Leagues of the Place where they were hunted. He began to speak of La Fonte's Voyage and of the Boston Story of Seymour or Seinior Gibbons but other Company came in and interrupted the Conversation.
907 1783-06-18 The Duke said it would be very difficult to regulate this Matter. They could not let Us bring their Sugars to Europe neither to France nor any other Part. This would lessen the Number of French Ships and Seamen. But he thought We should be allowed to purchase Sugars for our own Consumption. (How they will estimate the quantity and prevent our exceeding it I know not.) He said there were Provinces in France as Guienne and Provence which depended much upon supplying their Islands with Provisions as Wheat and Flour &c. I asked him if We should be allowed to import into their Islands Wheat Flour Horses Live Stock Lumber of all Sorts Salt Fish &c. He said it would be bien difficile for Wheat and Flour c. 9
908 1783-06-19 Baffins Bay Baflins Streight Davis's Streight Hudsons Bay Hudsons Streight are all one great Inlet of Water [ ] the Entrance of which is a Streight formed by Greenland on one Side and Labradore on the other. s 12 - 24 [ s -- no s available ]
909 1783-10-06 The Pavillon of Bagatelle built by Mgsr. Comte D'Artois. The Castle of Madrid. The Outlet of the Forest near Pont Neuilly the Porte which opens into the Grand Chemin the Castle of Muet [La Muette] at Passy. The Porte which opens to the great Road to Versailles. The other Porte which opens into a large Village nearly opposite to St. Cleod [Cloud] are the most remarkable Objects in this Forest. 2
910 1783-10-07 The Principal People in this Village of Auteuil are Madam Helvetius who lives but a few Doors from this House Madame Boufleurs who lives opposite &c. 6
911 1783-10-20 Set out with my Son and one Servant Leveque on a journey to London. We went from Auteuil thro the Bois de Boulogne and went out at the Port de Maillot to St. Dennis where We took Post Horses. We dined at Chantilly and lodged at Night at St. Just.
912 1783-10-21 There are no Vines on this Road. The Country is all sown with Wheat. They are every where cutting up by the Roots the Elms and other Forest Trees which formerly grew were planted on the Sides of the Roads and introducing Apple Trees in their stead. We found Tea Apparatus's generally in the publick houses and the hand Irons Tongs &c. and several other Things more in the English Style than you find in other Parts of France. 7
913 1783-10-22 Went to Calais. Dined at Boulogne Sur mer. Put up at Mr. Dessins.
914 1783-10-23 I was never before so Sea sick nor was my Son. My Servant was very bad. Allmost all the Passengers were sick. It is a remarkable Place for it. We are told that many Persons Masters of Vessells and others who were never Sea sick before have been very bad in making this Passage.
915 1783-10-24 The Channell between this and Calais is full of Vessells french and English fishing for Herrings. The Sardine are not caught here.
916 1783-10-25 Went in a Post Chaise from Dover through Canterbury Rochester &c. to Dartford where We lodged.
917 1783-10-26 We are at Osbornes Adelphi hotel. I am obliged here to give Thirteen Shillings a day for a Parler a bed Chamber and another Bed Chamber over it for my Son without any dining Room or Antichamber. This is dearer than my Lodgings at the Hotel du Roi in Paris -- half a Guinea for my bed Chamber and Parlour and half a Crown for my Sons bed Chamber. My Servants Lodging is included in the half Guinea. The Rooms and Furniture are more to my Taste than in Paris because they are more like what I have been used to in America. 10
918 1783-10-27 These Adelphi Buildings are well situated on the Thames. In sight of the Terrace is Westminster Bridge one Way and Black Fryars Bride on the other. St. Pauls is by Black Fryars Bridge. 11 [ -- ] 12 [ -- ]
919 1784-07-10 In the common Experiment with which Boys amuse them selves the Air which 4 is blown through the Tobacco Pipe into the Soap Suds is common Air of equal Weight with that which surrounds the Bubble and therefore will not ascend very high. But if inflammable Air were blown thro the Pipe instead of common Air we should have a Series of Ballons aerostatiques which would ascend like those of Montgolphier. 5
920 1784-08-04 thence 24 miles in a Cart.
921 1784-08-07 Arrived at the Adelphi Buildings and met my Wife and Daughter after a seperation of four Years and an half. Indeed after a Seperation of ten Years excepting a few Visits. Set off the next Day for Paris.
922 1784-08-13 Arrived at Paris at the Hotel de York on the.
923 1784-08-17 Removed to Auteuil the at the House of the Comte de Rouault opposite the Conduit. The House the Garden the Situation near the Bois de Boulogne elevated above the River Seine and the low Grounds and distant from the putrid Streets of Paris is the best I could wish for. 6 [ -- ] 7
924 1785-01-31 As he went out he took me aside and whispered that altho he would not serve a foreign Prince he would serve a Republick and although he should hurt himself with the Queen and her Party to a great degree yet if the States General would invite him without his soliciting or appearing to desire it he would accept the Command. Mailbois loved Money and demanded splendid Appointments. He did not regard Money so much and would be easy about that. I was the first Mortal to whom he had suggested the Idea he wished I would think of it and he would call and see me again in a few days. 9
925 1785-03-19 We came to no Resolution but that I should go Tomorrow to Versailles and ask the Advice of the C [Comte] de V [Vergennes]. -- Dr. F. being confined by his Stone could not go and Mr. Jefferson being worse with his Disorder cannot go. I was for writing a Letter to the C. -- but my Colleagues were not. -- F. and J. are confident that England has no right to appoint a Consul without a Treaty or Convention for that Purpose. I think they have a Right by the Law of Nations. 10
926 1785-03-20 He asked if We had written to Congress and obtained their Instructions. I told him We had received Full Powers to treat with Morocco Algiers TunisTripoli and all the Rest and had written for Instructions upon the Article of Money and Presents. He said that there was a frequent Communication between Marseilles and the Coast of Barbary but that as these Things were not in his Department We must state our Desires in Writing which I agreed to do. I asked him if he thought it adviseable for Us to send any one to Morro [Morrocco]. He said yes but as We could neither go nor were authorized to substitute We should write to the Emperor untill Congress could send a Consull. I asked what he thought of our leaving it by our Letter in the Option of the Emperor to send a Minister here to treat with Us or to wait untill We could write to Congress and recommend to them to send him a Consull. He said by no means for the Expence of receiving his Minister here would be much greater for We must maintain him and pay all his Expences. He said that the King of France never sent them any naval Stores. He sent them Glaces and other Things of rich Value but never any military stores. 12
927 1785-05-03 One of the foreign Ambassadors said to me You have been often in England. -- Never but once in November and December 1783.You have Relations in England no doubt. -- None at all. -- None how can that be? You are of English Extraction? -- Neither my Father or Mother Grandfather or Grandmother Great Grandfather or Great Grandmother nor any other Relation that I know of or care a farthing for have been in England these 150 Years. So that you see I have not one drop of Blood in my Veins but what is American. -- Ay We have seen says he proofs enough of that. This flattered me no doubt and I was vain enough to be pleased with it. 14
928 1785-05-09 Miamis. s 15 - 24 [ s -- no s available ]
929 1786-03-27 March 26. Sunday dined in Bolton Street Piccadilly at the Bishop of St. Asaphs.Mr. and Mrs. Sloper the Son in Law and Daughter of the Bishop Mrs. and Miss Shipley the Wife and Daughter Mr. and Mrs. VaughanMr. Alexander and Mrs. Williams Mr. Richard Peters and myself were the Company. In the Evening other Company came in according to the Fashion in this Country. Mrs. Shipley at Table asked many Questions about the Expence of living in Philadelphia and Boston. Said she had a Daughter who had married less prudently than they wished and they thought of sending them to America.
930 1786-03-29 Dined at Mr. Blakes. Mr. Middleton and Wife Mr. Alexander and Mrs. WilliamsMr. Jefferson. Coll. Smith [William Stephens Smith] and my Family.
931 1786-03-30 Went at Nine O Clock to the French Ambassadors Ball where were two or three hundred People chiefly Ladies. Here I met the Marquis of Landsdown and the Earl of Harcourt. These two Noblemen ventured to enter into Conversation with me. So did Sir George Young [Yonge]. But there is an Aukward Timidity in General. This People cannot look me in the Face: there is conscious Guilt and Shame in their Countenances when they look at me. They feel that they have behaved ill and that I am sensible of it. 3
932 1786-04-15 Dined with Mr. Brand Hollis in Chesterfield Street. His Mantle Trees are ornamented with Antiques. Penates. Little brazen s of the Gods. Venus Ceres Apollo Minerva &c. Hollis is a Member of the Antiquarian Society. Our Company were PriceKippisBridgenRomilly and another besides JeffersonSmith and myself.
933 1786-04-18 Yesterday dined here Mr. Jefferson Sir John Sinclair Mr. Heard Garter King at ArmsDr. Price Mr. Brand Hollis Mr. Henry Loyd of Boston Mr. Jennings Mr. Bridgen Mr. Vaughan Mr. Murray Coll. Smith.
934 1786-04-19 This Day I met Dr. Priestly and Mr. Jennings with the latter of whom I had a long Walk. I spent the Day upon the whole agreably enough. Seeds were sown this Day which will grow.
935 1786-04-20 Osterly Sion Place and Sion Hill are all in Brentford within Ten Miles of Hide Park Corner. We went through Hide Park and Kensington to Brentford. We passed in going and returning by Lord Hollands House which is a Modern Building in the gothic manner.
936 1786-04-23 Heard Dr. Priestley at Mr. Linseys in Essex Street.
937 1786-04-24 Viewed the British Musaeum. Dr. Grey who attended Us spoke very slightly of Buffon. Said he was full of mauvais Fois. No Dependence upon him. Three out of four of his Quotations not to be found. That he had been obliged to make it his Business to examine the Quotations. That he had not found a quarter of them. That Linnxus was quoted from early Editions long after the last Edition was public of 1766 the 12th which was inexcuseable. He did not think Buffon superiour to Dr. Hill. Both had Imagination &c. -- This is partly national Prejudice and Malignity no doubt. 12
938 1786-06-26 On Saturday night returned from a Tour to Portsmouth in which We viewed Paines Hill in Surry as We went out and Windsor as We returned. We were absent four days. Paines Hill is the most striking Piece of Art that I have yet seen. The Soil is an heap of Sand and the Situation is nothing extraordinary. It is a new Creation of Mr. Hamilton. All made within 35 Years. It belongs to Mr. Hopkins who rides by it but never stops. The owners of these enchanting Seats are very indifferent to their Beauties. -- The Country from Guilford to Portsmouth is a barren heath a dreary Waste. 13
939 1786-07-01 Copleys Fall of Chatham or Pierson Wests Wolf Epaminondas Bayard &c. Trumbulls Warren and Montgomery are interesting Subjects and useful. But a Million Pictures of Flours Game Cities Landscapes with whatever Industry and Skill executed would be seen with much Indifference. The Sky the Earth Hills and Valleys Rivers and Oceans Forrests and Groves Towns and Cities may be seen at any Time.
940 1786-07-06 Mr. Pais told a Story admirably well of a Philosopher and a Scotsman. The Wit attempted to divert himself by asking the Scot if he knew the immense Distance to Heaven? It was so many Millions of Diameters of the Solar System and a Cannon Ball would be so many Thousand Years in running there. I dont know the Distance nor the Time says the Scot but I know it will not take you a Millionth part of the Time to go to Hell. -- The Scottish Dialect and Accent was admirably imitated. The Conversation was uniformly agreable. Nothing to interrupt it. 15
941 1786-07-08 In one of my common Walks along the Edgeware Road there are fine Meadows or Squares of grass Land belonging to a noted Cow keeper. These Plotts are plentifully manured. There are on the Side of the Way several heaps of Manure an hundred Loads perhaps in each heap. I have carefully examined them and find them composed of Straw and dung from the Stables and Streets of London mud Clay or Marl dug out of the Ditch along the Hedge and Turf Sward cutt up with Spades hoes and shovels in the Road. This is laid in vast heaps to mix. With narrow hoes they cutt it down at each End and with shovels throw it into a new heap in order to divide it and mix it more effectually. I have attended to the Operation as I walked for some time. This may be good manure but is not equal to mine which I composed in similar heaps upon my own Farm of Horse Dung from Bracketts stable in Boston Marsh Mud from the sea shore and Street Dust from the Plain at the Foot of Pens hill in which is a Mixture of Marl. 16
942 1786-07-16 Mr. Langbourne of Virginia who dined with Us on Fryday at Col. Smiths dined here Yesterday. This Gentleman who is rich has taken the Whim of walking all over Europe after having walked over most of America. His Observations are sensible and judicious. He walks forty five or fifty miles a day. He says he has seen nothing superiour to the Country from N. York to Boston. He is in Love with N. England admires the Country and its Inhabitants. He kept Company with the King of Frances Retinue in his late journey to Cherbourg. He says the Virginians have learned much in Agriculture as well as in Humanity to their Slaves in the late War. 17
943 1786-07-20 Perjury Slander are tyranny too when they hurt any one.
944 1786-07-21 In all Countries and in all Companies for several Years I have in Conversation and in Writing enumerated The Towns Militia Schools and Churches as the four Causes of the Grouth and Defence of N. England. The Virtues and Talents of the People are there formed. Their Temperance Patience Fortitude Prudence and justice as well as their Sagacity Knowledge Judgment Taste Skill Ingenuity Dexterity and Industry. -- Can it be now ascertained whether NortonCottonWilsonWinthrop WinslowSaltonstall or who was the Author of the Plan of Town Schools Townships Militia Laws Meeting houses and Ministers &c. s 19 - 44 [ s -- no s available ] [ -- ]
945 1786-07-24 This House which is a decent handsome one was the Seat of Mr. Brands Father and the Chamber where We lodge is hung round with the Portraits of the Family. It is at the End of the House and from two Windows in front and two others at the End We have a pleasant View of Lawns and Glades Trees and Clumps and a Piece of Water full of Fish. The Borders by the Walks in the Pleasure Grounds are full of rare Shrubbs and Trees to which Collection America has furnished her full Share. I shall here have a good Opportunity to take a List of these Trees Shrubbs and Flours. Larches Cypruses Laurells are here as they are every where.Mr. Brand Hollis has planted near the Walk from his Door to the Road a large and beautifull Furr in Honour of the late Dr. Jebb his Friend. A Tall Cyprus in his Pleasure Grounds he calls General Washington and another his Aid du Camp Col. Smith.
946 1786-07-25 Mr. Hollis's Owl Cap of Liberty and Dagger are to be seen every where. In the Boudoir a Silver cup with a Cover all in the shape of an Owl with two rubies for Eyes. This piece of Antiquity was dug up at Canterbury from ten feet depth. It was some monkish conceit.
947 1786-07-26 Mr. B. Hollis Miss Brand Mrs. Adams Mrs. Smith and I walked to Mill Green or Mill Hill the Seat of a Mr. Allen a Banker of London. We walked over the Pleasure Grounds and Kitchen Garden and down to Cocytus a canal or Pond of Water surrounded with Wood in such a Manner as to make the Place gloomy enough for the Name. This is a good Spot but Mr. Allen has for want of Taste spoiled it by new Pickett Fences at a great Expence. He has filled up the Ditches and dug up the Hedges and erected wooden Fences and brick Walls a folly that I believe in these days is unique. They are very good civil People but have no Taste.
948 1786-07-27 I should not omit Alderman Bridgens Nuns and Verses. About 30 Years ago Mr. Bridgen in the Austrian Netherlands purchased a compleat Collection of the Portraits of all the orders of Nuns in small duodecimo Prints. These he lately sent as a Present to the Hide and Mr. Hollis has placed them in what he calls his Boudoir a little room between his Library and Drawing Room.Mr. Bridgen carried down with him a Copy of Verses of his own Composition to be hung up with them. The Idea is that banished from Germany by the Emperor they were taking an Asylum at the Hide in sight of the Druid the Portico of Athens and the verable 4 Remains of Egyptian Greek Roman and Carthaginian Antiquities.
949 1786-07-28 Returned to Grosvenor Square to Dinner. s 9 -20 [ s -- no s available ]
950 1787-08-06 Haytor Rock is at the Summit of the highest Mountain in Dartmore Forrest. Brentor is said by some to be higher.
952 1789-09-16 Mr. Elsworth informed me That Governor Randolph of Virginia opened the Convention at Philadelphia and offered a Project of a Constitution. After him several other Members proposed Plans some Writing others verbally. A Committee was at length appointed to take them all into Consideration the Virginia Scheme being the Ground Work. This Committee consisted of Governor Rutledge of S.C. Mr. Wilson of Philadelphia Mr. Gorham of Massachusetts and Mr. Elsworth of Connecticut. After this Committee reported and When the Report of this Committee had been considered and discussed in the Convention it was recommitted to Governeur Morris Mr. Maddison and some others. 14
953 1789-09-23 the navigation of the Susquehannah.
954 1789-09-24 Mr. Macclay. See his minutes. 17
955 1790-01-25 Mr. Elsworth. In Legislative Assemblies more to be apprehended from precipitation than from the Delay. 18
956 1790-01-26 Have not these Causes as much Influence in one Assembly as in two? If either or all of these Causes should prevail over Reason justice and the public good in one Assembly is not a Revision of the Subject in another a probable means of correcting the false decree? 19 [ -- ] 20
957 179-02-11 Seeing all this and saying nothing for what could a Man say? seeing also that there were two Parties formed among the [ ] Americans [ ] as fixed in their Aversion to each other as both were to G.B. if I had affected the Character of a Fool in order to find out the Truth and to do good by and by I should have had 91 the Example of a Brutus for my justification. But I did not affect this Character. I behaved with as much Prudence and Civility and Industry as I could. But still it was a settled Point at Paris and in the English News Papers that I was not the famous Adams and therefore the Consequence was settled absolutely and unalterably that I was a Man of whom Nobody had ever heard before a perfect Cypher a Man who did not understand a Word of French -- awkward in his Figure -- awkward in his Dress -- No Abilities -- a perfect Bigot -- and fanatic. 92
958 1791-11-01 Williamson. Great Numbers emigrate to the back parts of North and S.C. and G. for the Sake of living without Trouble. The Woods such is the mildness of the Climate produce grass to support horses and Cattle and Chesnuts Acorns and other Things for the food of hogs. So that they have only a little corn to raise which is done without much Labour. They call this kind of Life following the range. They are very ignorant and hate all Men of Education. They call them Pen and Ink Men. 21
959 1791-11-11 Yesterday a No. of the national Gazette was sent to me by Phillip Freneau printed by Childs and Swaine. Mr. Freneau I am told is made Interpreter. 22 [ -- ] s 23 - 26 [ s -- no s available ] 27 [ -- see ] 28
960 1795-06-21 Lime dissolves all vegetable Substances such as Leaves Straws Stalks Weeds and converts them into an immediate food for Vegetables. It kills the Eggs of Worms and Seeds of Weeds. The best method is to spread it in your Barn Yard among the Straw and Dung. It succeeds well when spread upon the Ground. Burning Lime Stones or Shells diminishes their Weight: but slaking the Lime restores that Weight. The German farmers say that Lime makes the father rich but the Grandson poor -- i.e. exhausts the Land. This is all from Mr. Rutherford. Plaister of Paris has a vitriolic Acid in it which attracts the Water from the Air and operates like watering Plants. It is good for corn -- not useful in wet Land. You sprinkle it by hand as you sow Barley over the Ground 5 Bushells powdered to an [ ] Acre. Carry it in a Bag as you would grain to sow. 29
961 1795-06-22 Mr. Meredith at Mr. Vaughans explained to me his Method. He takes a first Crop of Clover early: then breaks up the Ground cross ploughs and harrows it. Then plants Potatoes. He only ploughs a furrow drops the Potatoes a foot a sunder and then covers them with another furrow. He ploughs now and then between these Rows: but never hoes. As soon as the Season comes for sowing his Winter Barley: He diggs the Potatoes ploughs and harrows the Ground sows the Winter Barley with Clover Seeds and orchard Grass Seeds: and the next Spring he has a great Crop of Barley and afterwards a great Burthen of Grass. -- He prefers Orchard Grass to Herds Grass as much more productive. 30 [ -- ] 31
962 1796-06-20 Sullivan Lathrop came for 6 Mo [Months] at 12 1/2.
963 1796-06-22 Thomas Lathrop came for 6 Mo. [Months] at 9.
964 1796-07-12 In the Course of my Walk this morning to my Farm new Barn I met Major Miller who offered to sell me his Cedar Swamp and Woodlot of 20 Acres beyond Harmans descended from his Grandfather and Father. His Price 9 = 30 dollars per Acre. Part of it has never been cutt -- Part cutt 20 Years ago and grown up very thick. Billings came home before dinner but did no Work.
965 1796-07-13 This Day my new Barn was raised near the Spot where the old Barn stood which was taken down by my Father when he raised his new barn in 1737. The Frame is 50 by 30-13 foot Posts.
966 1796-07-14 It rains at 11 O Clock. The Barley is growing white for the Harvest. My Men are hilling the Corn over the Road. A soft fine rain in a clock calm is falling as sweetly as I ever saw in April May or June. It distills as gently as We can wish. Will beat down the grain as little as possible refresh the Gardens and Pastures revive the Corn make the fruit grow rapidly and lay the foundation of fine Rowen and After feed.
967 1796-07-15 The new Barn is boarded on the Roof and the underpinning is finished. 34
968 1796-07-16 Trask told me he had worked 20 days. This day in the Garden makes 21. Monday he is to cutt the Wood in the Swamp on Pens Hill. We got in two Loads the last of our English Hay and bro't home a Load of Red Cedars.
969 1796-07-17 Mr. Hilliard of Cambridge preached for Us. He is the Son of our old Acquaintance Minister of Barnstable and afterwards at Cambridge. Mr. Quincy and Mr. Sullivan drank Tea with Us.
970 1796-07-18 Went up to Penns hill. Trask has the Rheumatism in his Arm and is unable to work. He told me that Rattlesnakes began to appear -- two on Saturday by Porters and Prays. One kill'd. The other escaped. He told me too of another Event that vex'd provoked and allarm 'd me much more -- vizt. That my Horses were Yesterday in such 36 July 18 1796. Monday. in such a frenzy at the Church Door that they frightened the Crowd of People and frightened a Horse or the People in the Chaise so that they whipp'd their Horse till he ran over two Children. The [ ] children stooped down or fell down so that the chaise went over them without hurting them. But it must have been almost a Miracle that they were not kill'd or wounded. I know not when my Indignation has [been] more excited at the Coachman for his folly and Carelessness: and indeed at others of the Family for the Carriage going to Meeting at all. As Mrs. A. could not go the Coach ought not to have gone. The Coachman and Footman ought to have gone to Meeting -- and the Girls to have walk'd. L. Smith has no Pretentions to ride in a Coach more than Nancy Adams or even Polly Howard. It is spoiling her Mind and her Reputation both to indulge her Vanity in that Manner. I scolded at the Coachman first and afterwards at his Mistress and I will scold again and again. It is my Duty. There is no greater Insolence or Tyranny than sporting with Horses and Carriages among Crouds of People.
971 1796-07-19 Billings steady: but deep in the horrors gaping stretching groaning.
972 1796-07-20 I was overtaken with the Rain at the End of my Walks and returned home in it. Mrs. Tufts Mrs. Norton Mrs. Cranch and Mrs. Smith were here.
973 1796-07-21 Billings had a mind to go upon Wall. I went with him from Place to Place and could resolve on nothing. I then set him to split and mortise some Posts for the fence vs. Mrs. Veasie. We went up carried the Posts but when We came there We found that the Wall was too heavy and Stones too large for two hands -- four at least were necessary. Billings was wild and We came to some Explanation. He must go off &c. Mrs. Adams paid him off and then He thought he would not go. 39 July 21. 1796. Thursday. After long Conversations Billings came to a Sort of Agreement to stay a Year from this day at 45. He declared he would not drink Spirit nor Cyder for the whole Year. He reserved however twelve days for himself. We shall see tomorrow Morning how he behaves.
974 1796-07-22 Billings sober and steady persevering in his declaration that he will not drink these 12 months. Paid Trask in full sixteen Dollars for 24 Days Works. He insisted on 4s. a Day. He has finished clearing the Swamp on Penns Hill this day.
975 1796-07-23 Began The Life of Petrarch by Susanna Dobson.
976 1796-07-24 Went to Church Forenoon and Afternoon and heard Mr. Whitcomb of Bolton.
977 1796-07-25 Brisler Billings Thomas James and Prince after mowing the Barley on Stoney field Hill were gone down to the Beech to rake and heap the Barley ready for Sullivan to bring home after he shall have unloaded his Wood. The Weather is warm and clear. Sullivan came home unloaded his Wood went down to the Beech and brought up all the Black Grass and Barley at one Load which was so heavy however that he could not ascend the Hill to the little Barn. BrislerBass and James raked upon Stony field hill.
978 1796-07-26 The Christian Religion is above all the Religions that ever prevailed or existed in ancient or modern Times The Religion of Wisdom Virtue Equity and Humanity let the Blackguard Paine say what he will. It is Resignation to God -- it is Goodness itself to Man. 43
979 1796-07-27 Dr. Welsh came up with two young Gentlemen from New York Mr. John and Mr. Henry Cruger the youngest of whom lives studies with my son Charles as a Lawyer who gives him an excellent Character. They are journeying Eastward as far as Portland and return by Albany. The Eldest of them has lately return'd from the East Indies.
980 1796-07-28 Billing and Sullivan brought up in the Morning a good Load of green Seaweed.Billing and Bass have [been] carting Dirt and liming the heap of Compost. Sullivan and Thomas threshing Barley at the little Barn.Billing and Bass brought up a second Load of Seaweed at night.
981 1796-07-29 Still reading the Second Volume of Petrarchs Life.
982 1796-07-30 All hands carting Earth and making Compost i.e. 4 hands Billings Bass and the two Lathrops. Billings is in his Element. Building Wall and making manure are his great delights he says. He says he will cover all my Clover with green Seaweed. Drop part of a Load on the lower Part and carry the rest up the hill to the Barley Stubble. He will make a heap of Compost too upon the Top of the Hill to dung the Corn in the holes next Year upon the Piece which I propose to break up and he will make an heap of Compost in the Spring with winter Dung to dung Corn beyond the Ditch. He will get a Scow load of Rockweed and Scow loads of Seaweed and marsh mud. If he did not execute as well as plann I should suppose this all Gasconade. But he is the most ingenious the most laborious the most resolute and the most indefatigable Man I ever employed. 46
983 1796-07-31 Mr. Whitcomb preached and dined with me. 47
984 1796-08-01 Have my Brothers Oxen to day.
985 1796-08-02 My own Hands with Nathaniel Hayden only and my own oxen only finished the great Wall upon Penn's Hill. Mr. Benjamin Shaw and his Wife (Charity Smith) drank Tea with Us. He is a Clerk in the Branch Bank at 600 dollars a Year and She is opening an Accademy of young Ladies for Painting and Music. They live in his Mothers House and she boards with them. I took a ride with him and in his Chaise to the Top of Penns Hill. If innate Levity is curable they may be happy. 48 August 2. 1796. Tuesday. If a soft sweet Voice a musical Ear and melodious Modulations could feed the hungry and cloath the naked how happy might some People be. She rattles about Independence and boasts of having earned fifty dollars last Month. But the Foible of the Race is rattle.
986 1796-08-03 This Day Thomas Lothrop went away to Bridgwater unwell and I paid him 9 dollars. Billings brought up a Load of green Seaweed.
987 1796-08-04 Bass went to Squantum for the oxen -- disappointed. The Wind too high to go over to Long Island. Sullivan threshing. Billings and Bass carting Dirt making Compost with Lime brought up a Load of Seaweed.
988 1796-08-05 A fine day. I have finished Petrarch. Walked up to the new Barn and over to the old Plain. Sullivan and Mr. Sam. Hayward threshing Billings and Bass carting Earth and Seaweed and liming the Compost. Mr. Wibirt dined with Us.James brought home the twin oxen from Long Island. Trask burning Bushes in the Swamp on Penns Hill.
989 1796-08-06 Bass and Billings brought another Load of Seaweed in the Evening for the Swine. Sullivan Lothrop went home. Mrs. A. paid him 15 dollars. Mr. Flynt called at Evening. Tomorrow is the last Sunday of his Engagement at Milton. He then goes a journey for 3 Weeks after which he returns. Mr. Whitcomb supplies Us in the mean time. Rode up to the burnt Swamp. 50
990 1796-08-07 Mr. Whitcomb preached and dined with Us. Prince having provoked beyond bearing by his insolent Contempt of repeated orders got a gentle flogging and went off i.e. run away. Thomas Lothrop return'd from Bridgwater.
991 1796-08-08 Billing and Bass gone to mowing Salt Grass at the Beach Meadow. T. Lothrop unloading the Sea weed. No Negro but James who shall be the last. -- Agreed with Mr. Reed of Abington to plough for me next Monday &c. Trask half a day mowing bushes.
992 1796-08-09 4 hands mowing Salt Grass. Finished the Beach Meadow. Trask mowing Bushes to make room for the plough upon Penns hill. T. Lothrop threshing Corn -- Brisler winnowing Barley.
993 1796-08-10 Mr. Howell of Rhode Island came up to see me and conversed the whole Evening concerning St. Croix and his Commission for settling that Boundary. 51
994 1796-08-11 Mr. Thomas Johnson only son of Joshua Johnson of London Consul came to visit Us and spent the day and night with Us. I carried him to the Pinnacle of Penns Hill to show him the Prospect.
995 1796-08-12 Billing Bass and Sullivan carting Salt Hay from the Beech Marsh. Tirell and Th. Lothrop threshing and winnowing Barley.
996 1796-08-13 Read much in Tullys Offices.
997 1796-08-14 One great Advantage of the Christian Religion is that it brings the great Principle of the Law of Nature and Nations Love your Neighbour as yourself and do to others as you would that others should do to you to the Knowledge Belief and Veneration of the whole People. Children Servants Women and Men are all Professors in the science of public as well as private Morality. No other Institution for Education no kind of political Discipline could diffuse this kind of necessary Information so universally among all Ranks and Descriptions of Citizens. The Duties and Rights of The Man and the Citizen are thus taught from early Infancy to every Creature. The Sanctions of a future Life are thus added to the Observance of civil and political as well as domestic and private Duties. Prudence Justice Temperance and Fortitude are thus taught to be the means and Conditions of future as well as present Happiness.
998 1796-08-15 Mrs. Adams went with Mrs. Otis to Situate and Plymouth.
999 1796-08-16 Tirrell and Thomas still threshing. James and Prince idle as usual.
1000 1796-08-17 Seven Yoke of Oxen and a Horse Mr. Reed Mr. Gurney Mr. Billings Mr. Brisler Sullivan and Thomas Lothrop and black James Seven hands ploughing with the great Plough in the Meadow below the lower Garden. Prince gone to Mill. The Weather dry fair and cool. The Wind Easterly.
1001 1796-08-18 Ten Yoke of Oxen and ten Men ploughing in the Meadow below my House. 54
1002 1796-08-19 Ten Yoke of Oxen and twelve hands ploughing in the meadow. It is astonishing that such a Meadow should have lain so long in such a State. Brakes Hassock Grass Cramberry Vines Poke or Skunk Cabbage Button Bushes alder Bushes old Stumps and Roots Rocks Turtles Eels Frogs were the Chief Things to be found in it. But I presume it may be made to produce Indian and English Grain and English Grass especially Herdsgrass in Abundance. At least the Beauty of the Meadow and the Sweetness of it and the Air over it will be improved. Brackets Vintons and My Brothers oxen added to mine and those from Abington.
1003 1796-08-20 Mrs. Adams returned with Mr. and Mrs. Otis and Miss Harriot about 9 O Clock at night.
1004 1796-08-21 The hottest day. Unwell.
1005 1796-08-22 Very hot but the Wind springs up. Unwell.
1006 1796-08-23 Went down to Mr. Quincys and up to our Tenants with Mrs. Adams. Unwell.Brisler and the two black Boys picking Apples.
1007 1796-08-24 Brisler and the black Boys picking Apples.
1008 1796-08-25 My Men complained of the heat more than at any time they accomplished never the less about a rod and an half of the Wall.
1009 1796-08-26 Sullivan brought up a Load of Seaweed for the Swine. Trask at Work the 3d day mowing Bushes in the old Plain.
1010 1796-08-27 The Wall the Alterations of the Road and the Carting of the Earth Soil Loam Gravel and Stones out of the Way whether We spread them on the Meadow lay them in heaps for Compost in the Yard or deposit them in Parts of the Road where they may be wanted will in the most frugal Course We can take consume much labour at a great Expence.
1011 1796-08-28 Hot. Went not out. Mr. Strong preached. Reading Bryants Analysis of ancient Mythology. 59
1012 1796-08-29 Warm. Billings Bass and two Sullivans with James on the Wall. Carted 9 or 10 Load of excellent Soil into an heap below the lower Garden Wall and put it to two Loads of Seaweed and some Lime for manure for the Corn in the Meadow next Year. Carted besides 3 Loads into the Hollow in the Cowyard. An extream hot day. Reading Bryant. Wrote to Phila. to Wolcot and Pickering.
1013 1796-08-30 Prospect of another hot day. Pursuing the Wall. Tirrell worked with our Men.Trask cutting Bushes on the ploughed Meadow at the other Place. Wind shifted to the North and then to the N.E. and the Air became very cold. Rode up to see Trask. Carted Mould into the Yard all Day.
1014 1796-08-31 Wind north and Air cold. Working on the high Ways. Carried a great Part of my gravel and spread it on the Road to the Meeting House.
1015 1796-09-01 The Summer is ended and the first day of Autumn commenced. The Morning is cold tho the Wind is West. To Work again on the high Ways. Billings out upon his Wall a little after Sunrise. Captn. Hall Surveyor of High Ways finished the Road between my Garden and new Wall. 60
1016 1796-09-02 Stumbled over a Wheelbarrow in the night dark and hurt my Shin.
1017 1796-09-03 Anniversary of Peace which has lasted 13 Years.
1018 1796-09-04 Fair. No Clergyman to day.
1019 1796-09-05 Sullivan brought a good Load of green Seaweed with six Cattle which We spread and limed upon the heap of Compost in the Meadow. Carted Earth from the Wall to the same heap. Tirrell here. Stetson opening the Brook three feet wider Two feet on one Side and three feet on the other at 9d. Pr. rod. Billings has never laid up more than a Rod and a half a day of the Wall till Yesterday when he thinks he laid up 28 feet.
1020 1796-09-06 Walked up to Trask mowing Bushes.
1021 1796-09-07 This Afternoon He came and took the Deed to execute and acknowledge.
1022 1796-09-08 Jackson Field brought me his Deed of Mount Arrarat executed by himself and his Wife and acknowledged before Major Miller. I received it and gave him my Note for 250 dollars. I then gave him my Consent without his asking it to pasture his Cow as usual the Remainder of this Season for which he expressed Gratitude and engaged to keep off Geese Sheep Hogs and Cattle. Received Letters from my Son at the Hague as late as 24 June.
1023 1796-09-09 Appearances of Rain.
1024 1796-09-10 Walked with my Brother to Mount Arrarat and find upon Inquiry that Jo. Arnold's Fence against the New Lane begins at the Road by the Nine mile Stone. My half is towards Neddy Curtis's Land lately Wm. Fields. The Western Half of the Fence against Josiah Bass or in other Words that Part nearest to Neddy Curtis's is mine. Against Dr. Greenleaf my half is nearest to Josiah Bass's Land. 63
1025 1804-08-24 The last Week in August We ploughed a ditch and brought the Earth into the Yard and 32 loads of Mud from the Cove.
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